Therapists in San Jose, CA

View neighborhoods in San Jose
Photo of Salvador R Resendez, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Jose, CA
Salvador R Resendez
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95110  (Online Only)
My approach to therapy is to help men foster a safe, caring therapeutic relationship to help them thrive. I bring compassion and empathy from my own recovery to support healing and growth. Before becoming an LCSW, I worked in media, and living in the Bay Area and New York City provides me an understanding of the stressors working people encounter when trying to find balance in frenetic and competitive environments. My style is active and I will collaborate with you to tap into your identity, strengths, values, and interests in our work together to help you achieve your goals.
My approach to therapy is to help men foster a safe, caring therapeutic relationship to help them thrive. I bring compassion and empathy from my own recovery to support healing and growth. Before becoming an LCSW, I worked in media, and living in the Bay Area and New York City provides me an understanding of the stressors working people encounter when trying to find balance in frenetic and competitive environments. My style is active and I will collaborate with you to tap into your identity, strengths, values, and interests in our work together to help you achieve your goals.
(408) 539-4793 View (408) 539-4793
Photo of Monica Misuraca Burton, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Jose, CA
Monica Misuraca Burton
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
San Jose, CA 95123  (Online Only)
I am a California Indigenous (Ohlone) and third generation Mexican- and Sicilian-American Psychotherapist in the San Francisco Bay Area, currently providing therapeutic services online. I specialize in supporting teens and adults that are struggling with issues of anxiety and depression, low self-esteem, negative thinking, self criticism, difficulties with life transitions and postpartum issues.
I am a California Indigenous (Ohlone) and third generation Mexican- and Sicilian-American Psychotherapist in the San Francisco Bay Area, currently providing therapeutic services online. I specialize in supporting teens and adults that are struggling with issues of anxiety and depression, low self-esteem, negative thinking, self criticism, difficulties with life transitions and postpartum issues.
(408) 669-4733 View (408) 669-4733
Photo of Alexandra Ludovina Krass, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Jose, CA
Alexandra Ludovina Krass
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95138  (Online Only)
I am honored to work closely with women experiencing significant life stressors. Many of my clients are having problems in their romantic relationships or have had a couple’s therapist recommend they seek out a trauma specialist to aid them in working through difficult childhood experiences. I am also privileged to work with women experiencing PTSD, anxiety, depression, and alcoholism. I provide clear, direct, and supportive feedback to those I serve while holding space with deep empathy and compassion.
I am honored to work closely with women experiencing significant life stressors. Many of my clients are having problems in their romantic relationships or have had a couple’s therapist recommend they seek out a trauma specialist to aid them in working through difficult childhood experiences. I am also privileged to work with women experiencing PTSD, anxiety, depression, and alcoholism. I provide clear, direct, and supportive feedback to those I serve while holding space with deep empathy and compassion.
(650) 249-7832 View (650) 249-7832
Photo of Brian J Thomason, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Jose, CA
Brian J Thomason
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, MS (2), LMFT
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95129
I work with all ages and populations. My advanced training and experience is working as a pediatric psychotherapist, specializing in children with anxieties and attachment disorders. I also have advanced training and experience working with couples, or individuals with an emphasis on relationships, acquiring or healing. I work with a combination of Relational techniques to develop a strong relationship that begins with a greater understanding and the ability to communicate with your partner. My training and experience also specializes in parent coaching. I have a unique training background for working with OCD, ADHD, and Autism
I work with all ages and populations. My advanced training and experience is working as a pediatric psychotherapist, specializing in children with anxieties and attachment disorders. I also have advanced training and experience working with couples, or individuals with an emphasis on relationships, acquiring or healing. I work with a combination of Relational techniques to develop a strong relationship that begins with a greater understanding and the ability to communicate with your partner. My training and experience also specializes in parent coaching. I have a unique training background for working with OCD, ADHD, and Autism
(408) 583-6760 View (408) 583-6760
Photo of Maegan Jones, Associate Clinical Social Worker in San Jose, CA
Maegan Jones
Associate Clinical Social Worker, MSW, ASW, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95139  (Online Only)
To others you look fine, but on the inside you're struggling. You're tired of feeling scattered, anxious, and stuck while trying to manage different areas of your life. You know your past is impacting your present, but you're not sure what to do about it. What you do know is that things with your relationships and family are...well...complicated. You know it's time for a change, but you don't know where to start. Whatever the problem, you’re past or present, you're ready to do the work so you can stop trying so hard without any change. You're ready to sort through the past to live more fully in the present.
To others you look fine, but on the inside you're struggling. You're tired of feeling scattered, anxious, and stuck while trying to manage different areas of your life. You know your past is impacting your present, but you're not sure what to do about it. What you do know is that things with your relationships and family are...well...complicated. You know it's time for a change, but you don't know where to start. Whatever the problem, you’re past or present, you're ready to do the work so you can stop trying so hard without any change. You're ready to sort through the past to live more fully in the present.
(408) 716-1738 View (408) 716-1738
Photo of Wendi LaBorde, Psychologist in San Jose, CA
Wendi LaBorde
Psychologist, LCP
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95123
Hi. My name is Dr. Wendi LaBorde. I am a licensed clinical psychologist. My focus is on individual therapy, drawing from various modalities to best meet the specific needs of each client. I create a quite comfortable, pleasant setting. People tell me I am not intimidating to work with, and often thank me for helping them. My most common approaches to therapy are Rogerian Client Centered and CBT. Also, Prolonged Exposure Therapy and other modalities are utilized, as needed. I focus on treating adult age clients with depression and anxiety.
Hi. My name is Dr. Wendi LaBorde. I am a licensed clinical psychologist. My focus is on individual therapy, drawing from various modalities to best meet the specific needs of each client. I create a quite comfortable, pleasant setting. People tell me I am not intimidating to work with, and often thank me for helping them. My most common approaches to therapy are Rogerian Client Centered and CBT. Also, Prolonged Exposure Therapy and other modalities are utilized, as needed. I focus on treating adult age clients with depression and anxiety.
(408) 715-3560 View (408) 715-3560
Photo of Julie Stefan, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Jose, CA
Julie Stefan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95122
My name is Julie Stefan, and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) based in Orange County, CA, and working with clients statewide via telehealth. I work with adults and specialize in individuals experiencing stress and anxiety/depression due to chronic illness or recovering from a traumatic injury or health condition. Using an eclectic, supportive approach I aim to help my clients feel cared for and to improve their current mood.
My name is Julie Stefan, and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) based in Orange County, CA, and working with clients statewide via telehealth. I work with adults and specialize in individuals experiencing stress and anxiety/depression due to chronic illness or recovering from a traumatic injury or health condition. Using an eclectic, supportive approach I aim to help my clients feel cared for and to improve their current mood.
(408) 692-9270 View (408) 692-9270
Photo of Dr. Glenn Thomas & Cyndy Thomas LCSW Counseling, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Jose, CA
Dr. Glenn Thomas & Cyndy Thomas LCSW Counseling
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, DSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95125  (Online Only)
Both of us are working with you in our online sessions. We are a couple working with couples. We can help you with awareness of your issues and coping behavior that may be roadblocks to your life goals and fulfilling relationships. We can help you set realistic goals and support you to reach those goals.
Both of us are working with you in our online sessions. We are a couple working with couples. We can help you with awareness of your issues and coping behavior that may be roadblocks to your life goals and fulfilling relationships. We can help you set realistic goals and support you to reach those goals.
(408) 351-9833 View (408) 351-9833
Photo of Laila Fatima Khan, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in San Jose, CA
Laila Fatima Khan
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Jose, CA 95134  (Online Only)
Therapy can be helpful for anyone. Humans are relational beings and working with someone trained to hold your big thoughts and emotions can help you become a better you.
Therapy can be helpful for anyone. Humans are relational beings and working with someone trained to hold your big thoughts and emotions can help you become a better you.
View
Photo of Taisia McMahon, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Jose, CA
Taisia McMahon
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95128
I provide a space where you are free to explore and share yourself. I strive to create an environment that allows you to safely discuss, reflect, uncover, and change. You may come as you are to address the things that are affecting you today.
I provide a space where you are free to explore and share yourself. I strive to create an environment that allows you to safely discuss, reflect, uncover, and change. You may come as you are to address the things that are affecting you today.
(408) 533-8604 View (408) 533-8604
Photo of Bethe Therapy, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Jose, CA
Bethe Therapy
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95127  (Online Only)
Welcome! My name is Elizabeth Himsl-Elliott, most people call me Beth. I’m a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. I love working with people who are going through life changes and/or when they want support in understanding and integrating experiences from the past. Even positive changes can be challenging to understand and integrate. I want you to know that all parts of you are welcome, even difficult or shameful parts. I approach our time together with a gentle curiosity and compassion, to support you in accepting all parts of you. All backgrounds and orientations are welcome. I look forward to working with you.
Welcome! My name is Elizabeth Himsl-Elliott, most people call me Beth. I’m a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. I love working with people who are going through life changes and/or when they want support in understanding and integrating experiences from the past. Even positive changes can be challenging to understand and integrate. I want you to know that all parts of you are welcome, even difficult or shameful parts. I approach our time together with a gentle curiosity and compassion, to support you in accepting all parts of you. All backgrounds and orientations are welcome. I look forward to working with you.
(408) 617-9073 View (408) 617-9073
Photo of Kylie Mackenzie, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Jose, CA
Kylie Mackenzie
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95129
Hello, I’m an LMFT and I thoroughly enjoy my work as a therapist. My name is Kylie Mackenzie, but you can call me Ky. I change my approach with everyone I see, generally speaking, because everyone heals in their own unique way. My most common theoretical approach is client-centered (we are equals) and psychoanalytic (I’m a blank slate) so the focus is purely on you with a split of problem solving and breaking down the emotional parts of the issue. I am very familiar with working with adults and teens. I have experience working with substance abuse and dual diagnoses.
Hello, I’m an LMFT and I thoroughly enjoy my work as a therapist. My name is Kylie Mackenzie, but you can call me Ky. I change my approach with everyone I see, generally speaking, because everyone heals in their own unique way. My most common theoretical approach is client-centered (we are equals) and psychoanalytic (I’m a blank slate) so the focus is purely on you with a split of problem solving and breaking down the emotional parts of the issue. I am very familiar with working with adults and teens. I have experience working with substance abuse and dual diagnoses.
(408) 351-2993 View (408) 351-2993
Photo of Tejal Jakatdar, Psychologist in San Jose, CA
Tejal Jakatdar
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
San Jose, CA 95126
My clinical philosophy is to approach you as a whole person and not just your target symptoms. Empathetic and thoughtful, I tailor a personalized, cutting edge treatment plan specifically for your needs and level of readiness. Although typically described as gentle and warm, I offer tough love too as I will hold you accountable as you work to confront your fears. Together we can uncover what is stopping you from living according to your values and help you to remove those barriers. Ultimately I will help you to achieve measurable progress toward your goals.
My clinical philosophy is to approach you as a whole person and not just your target symptoms. Empathetic and thoughtful, I tailor a personalized, cutting edge treatment plan specifically for your needs and level of readiness. Although typically described as gentle and warm, I offer tough love too as I will hold you accountable as you work to confront your fears. Together we can uncover what is stopping you from living according to your values and help you to remove those barriers. Ultimately I will help you to achieve measurable progress toward your goals.
(215) 839-0045 View (215) 839-0045
Photo of Hannah Ly - Therapist for Children and Teens, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Jose, CA
Hannah Ly - Therapist for Children and Teens
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
San Jose, CA 95128
I am a child therapist that specializes in helping children and teen with anxiety and trauma heal and thrive. If your child struggles with anxiety, shutting down, or tantrums, I get it. I understand how parenting children with anxiety is draining, and tiring. You want to help your child but you feel like you don’t have the proper tools or support. Here, I can help your child heal and grow through the power of play. As a Play Therapist, I use a child-centered approach that allows children to express themselves in their own unique way, using the language of play.
I am a child therapist that specializes in helping children and teen with anxiety and trauma heal and thrive. If your child struggles with anxiety, shutting down, or tantrums, I get it. I understand how parenting children with anxiety is draining, and tiring. You want to help your child but you feel like you don’t have the proper tools or support. Here, I can help your child heal and grow through the power of play. As a Play Therapist, I use a child-centered approach that allows children to express themselves in their own unique way, using the language of play.
(510) 422-0185 View (510) 422-0185
Photo of Megan Slater, Counselor in San Jose, CA
Megan Slater
Counselor, MA, LPCC, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Jose, CA 95123  (Online Only)
Online Only at this Time! Are you having trouble with relationships? Adult Family Relationships, friendship relationships, work relationships? Do you feel like you need to yell to be heard? Are you having trouble with friendships not respecting your boundary? Are you wanting more respectful relationships, wanting to communicate your needs in a healthy way? Are you finding yourself reacting to things more than is justified for the situation? Do you put others before you at the cost of yourself? Feeling depressed and anxious because you end up in the same relationships over and over again?
Online Only at this Time! Are you having trouble with relationships? Adult Family Relationships, friendship relationships, work relationships? Do you feel like you need to yell to be heard? Are you having trouble with friendships not respecting your boundary? Are you wanting more respectful relationships, wanting to communicate your needs in a healthy way? Are you finding yourself reacting to things more than is justified for the situation? Do you put others before you at the cost of yourself? Feeling depressed and anxious because you end up in the same relationships over and over again?
(669) 322-1502 View (669) 322-1502
Photo of Forest Benedict, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Jose, CA
Forest Benedict
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
San Jose, CA 95124  (Online Only)
When we have too much emotional pain, we can't truly live free. Our brains are wired to avoid pain at all costs. We will do anything in our power to prevent pain or run from pain when it is activated. The countless strategies we create to avoid pain include distraction, addiction, people-pleasing, self-criticism, perfectionism, & performance. All of our strategies work for awhile but not long-term. Living a life with the sole purpose of avoiding pain is not freedom. It's not the life most people want to live. What if the key to freedom was not in finding new ways to prevent or cope with the pain but to actually heal the pain?
When we have too much emotional pain, we can't truly live free. Our brains are wired to avoid pain at all costs. We will do anything in our power to prevent pain or run from pain when it is activated. The countless strategies we create to avoid pain include distraction, addiction, people-pleasing, self-criticism, perfectionism, & performance. All of our strategies work for awhile but not long-term. Living a life with the sole purpose of avoiding pain is not freedom. It's not the life most people want to live. What if the key to freedom was not in finding new ways to prevent or cope with the pain but to actually heal the pain?
(916) 702-3528 View (916) 702-3528
Photo of Dr. Regina Lazarovich, Psychologist in San Jose, CA
Dr. Regina Lazarovich
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Jose, CA 95129  (Online Only)
If you’re tired of fear, anxiety, and insecurity running your life, I can help you take charge! I'm uniquely equipped to help with anxiety, panic attacks, phobias, OCD, skin picking, hair pulling, binge eating, negative body image, and perfectionism. I create a safe and non-judgmental space where you can be yourself. My style is attentive, compassionate, and encouraging. Together, we'll understand how fear and self-judgment are getting in the way of the life you want. I'll equip you with tools to change unhelpful patterns of thought and behavior. As a result of our work together, you'll cultivate more peace, confidence, and joy.
If you’re tired of fear, anxiety, and insecurity running your life, I can help you take charge! I'm uniquely equipped to help with anxiety, panic attacks, phobias, OCD, skin picking, hair pulling, binge eating, negative body image, and perfectionism. I create a safe and non-judgmental space where you can be yourself. My style is attentive, compassionate, and encouraging. Together, we'll understand how fear and self-judgment are getting in the way of the life you want. I'll equip you with tools to change unhelpful patterns of thought and behavior. As a result of our work together, you'll cultivate more peace, confidence, and joy.
(831) 603-0024 View (831) 603-0024
Photo of Henna Cho, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Jose, CA
Henna Cho
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95125
Are you feeling alone, unheard, or stuck? Are you experiencing anxiety, fatigue, and excessive worrying that impact your relationships and career? I’m glad you’re taking the time to notice these changes and to invest in yourself to become a better version of yourself. In sessions, I utilize Cognitive Behavioral Therapy to help identify ways to incorporate positive changes for your negative thought patterns. Thus, you will learn to become better equipped in maintaining your personal or professional goals. I am committed to helping my clients decrease anxiety and manage healthy relationships.
Are you feeling alone, unheard, or stuck? Are you experiencing anxiety, fatigue, and excessive worrying that impact your relationships and career? I’m glad you’re taking the time to notice these changes and to invest in yourself to become a better version of yourself. In sessions, I utilize Cognitive Behavioral Therapy to help identify ways to incorporate positive changes for your negative thought patterns. Thus, you will learn to become better equipped in maintaining your personal or professional goals. I am committed to helping my clients decrease anxiety and manage healthy relationships.
(213) 516-6354 View (213) 516-6354
Photo of Shawn O'Dell, Psychologist in San Jose, CA
Shawn O'Dell
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95128
I am a licensed Psychologist with my practice based in California providing counseling and psychotherapy services to our California senior community. I work with older adults with a wide range of issues including depression, anxiety, adjustment, grief and loss, aging and change, health and disability issues as well as men's issues just to name a few. If you have Medicare and secondary insurance you are likely to be fully covered and not pay anything out of pocket. There is no need to suffer in silence. Please call for more information. I look forward to speaking with you. Please call 408-956-6896 to connect with me.
I am a licensed Psychologist with my practice based in California providing counseling and psychotherapy services to our California senior community. I work with older adults with a wide range of issues including depression, anxiety, adjustment, grief and loss, aging and change, health and disability issues as well as men's issues just to name a few. If you have Medicare and secondary insurance you are likely to be fully covered and not pay anything out of pocket. There is no need to suffer in silence. Please call for more information. I look forward to speaking with you. Please call 408-956-6896 to connect with me.
(408) 956-6896 View (408) 956-6896
Photo of Kathryn (Katie) Wampler, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in San Jose, CA
Kathryn (Katie) Wampler
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Jose, CA 95124
We are surrounded by feedback, sometimes even dependent on it. Everyone has an opinion for us. Perhaps you have become so accustomed to the sounds of other voices speaking into your life that you aren’t even sure what your own voice sounds like anymore. Finding a place where you can be truly heard, without the pressure of taking on someone else’s “should” for your life, can be a struggle.
We are surrounded by feedback, sometimes even dependent on it. Everyone has an opinion for us. Perhaps you have become so accustomed to the sounds of other voices speaking into your life that you aren’t even sure what your own voice sounds like anymore. Finding a place where you can be truly heard, without the pressure of taking on someone else’s “should” for your life, can be a struggle.
(408) 521-1225 View (408) 521-1225

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in San Jose, CA

1,000+

Average cost per session

$180

Therapists in San Jose, CA who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
87% Depression
75% Relationship Issues
73% Self Esteem
70% Stress
67% Coping Skills
64% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

76% Aetna
72% Cigna and Evernorth
68% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in San Jose, CA see their clients

69% In Person and Online
31% Online Only

Gender breakdown

81% Female
18% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in San Jose?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.