Photo of Kenneth L Johnson III, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 19105, PA
Kenneth L Johnson III
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MLA, MSW, LSW
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19105
Are you looking for the "right" therapist? Let me help you! I've worked with thousands of clients over the years providing exceptional counseling services. I enjoy the process of working with clients who are working to make meaning of their lives. I assist my clients to address their anxiety, depression, stress, anger, life transition(s), decision making, academic/work performance, and other personal challenges. As such, I will provide you with a supportive and safe space to assist you in gaining insight into your life. My aim is to help you optimize your well being and create the life that you want to live. Therapy transforms!
Are you looking for the "right" therapist? Let me help you! I've worked with thousands of clients over the years providing exceptional counseling services. I enjoy the process of working with clients who are working to make meaning of their lives. I assist my clients to address their anxiety, depression, stress, anger, life transition(s), decision making, academic/work performance, and other personal challenges. As such, I will provide you with a supportive and safe space to assist you in gaining insight into your life. My aim is to help you optimize your well being and create the life that you want to live. Therapy transforms!
(215) 273-3977 View (215) 273-3977
Photo of Beth Jellinek Counseling Services, LLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in 19105, PA
Beth Jellinek Counseling Services, LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, MPhil, MS, MEd, LPC
Verified Verified
9 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19105  (Online Only)
My approach is holistic, with an awareness of cultural and systemic impacts on mental health. I bring deep empathy, openness, creativity, warmth, an intersectional lens, and a sense of humor to the therapeutic relationship. I believe that the therapeutic process can impact my clients ability to grow, heal, and reach their full potential. Areas of expertise include grief and loss, depression, anxiety, self-esteem, and interpersonal relationships.
My approach is holistic, with an awareness of cultural and systemic impacts on mental health. I bring deep empathy, openness, creativity, warmth, an intersectional lens, and a sense of humor to the therapeutic relationship. I believe that the therapeutic process can impact my clients ability to grow, heal, and reach their full potential. Areas of expertise include grief and loss, depression, anxiety, self-esteem, and interpersonal relationships.
(215) 960-9531 View (215) 960-9531
Photo of Jessica Avart, Psychologist in 19105, PA
Jessica Avart
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19105
I have expertise in the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of a wide range of mental health disorders and/or developmental disabilities. I provide cognitive-behavioral therapy to adolescents, adults and families. Regarding my approach to therapy, first and foremost I strive to built a positive and supportive relationship with my clients. I focus on each persons individual needs, meeting the client where they are in the present moment. My goal is to provide positive support and a safe space for an individual to share their thoughts, feelings and experiences.
I have expertise in the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of a wide range of mental health disorders and/or developmental disabilities. I provide cognitive-behavioral therapy to adolescents, adults and families. Regarding my approach to therapy, first and foremost I strive to built a positive and supportive relationship with my clients. I focus on each persons individual needs, meeting the client where they are in the present moment. My goal is to provide positive support and a safe space for an individual to share their thoughts, feelings and experiences.
(215) 874-0440 View (215) 874-0440
Photo of Marcy Chessler, Psychologist in 19105, PA
Marcy Chessler
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19105  (Online Only)
Because you will be putting a good deal of time, money, and energy into therapy, you should choose a therapist carefully. I believe you should feel comfortable with the therapist you choose, and hopeful about the therapy process. When you feel this way, therapy is more likely to be helpful to you. I have more than 20 years helping people work through grief and loss, life transitions, relationship struggles, career indecision, anxiety and depression. In addition, I have considerable experience helping individuals struggling with issues related to sexual orientation and gender identity.
Because you will be putting a good deal of time, money, and energy into therapy, you should choose a therapist carefully. I believe you should feel comfortable with the therapist you choose, and hopeful about the therapy process. When you feel this way, therapy is more likely to be helpful to you. I have more than 20 years helping people work through grief and loss, life transitions, relationship struggles, career indecision, anxiety and depression. In addition, I have considerable experience helping individuals struggling with issues related to sexual orientation and gender identity.
(215) 867-6673 View (215) 867-6673
Photo of Bill Coffey, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 19105, PA
Bill Coffey
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19105
I have almost 40 years of experience in the addiction field including 12 years on a drug and alcohol unit in a psychiatric hospital. My work also includes clients dealing with depression and other mood issues. I have expertise working with couples and specialize in couples with addiction as a presenting issue.
I have almost 40 years of experience in the addiction field including 12 years on a drug and alcohol unit in a psychiatric hospital. My work also includes clients dealing with depression and other mood issues. I have expertise working with couples and specialize in couples with addiction as a presenting issue.
(215) 987-4047 View (215) 987-4047
Photo of Sara M Evans, Psychologist in 19105, PA
Sara M Evans
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19105
I am a clinical psychologist and certified school psychologist who specializes in private school admissions testing, psychoeducational testing to determine the presence of learning disabilities or ADHD, parent counseling, and therapy with children, adolescents, college students, and adults.
I am a clinical psychologist and certified school psychologist who specializes in private school admissions testing, psychoeducational testing to determine the presence of learning disabilities or ADHD, parent counseling, and therapy with children, adolescents, college students, and adults.
(215) 970-2367 View (215) 970-2367
Photo of Christina Lecker, Psychologist in 19105, PA
Christina Lecker
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19105
Therapy is a unique and personal experience. Whether this is your first time considering therapy, or you are moving into a new phase of your therapeutic journey, therapy is a safe space for self-exploration, growth, and discovery. I work psychodynamically and relationally, within a multicultural framework. I have worked extensively with young adults, adults, and couples in a wide range of settings. My areas of specialty are anxiety, depression, and other mood concerns; grief, loss, and bereavement; life transitions; relationships and family issues; and disordered eating and body image concerns.
Therapy is a unique and personal experience. Whether this is your first time considering therapy, or you are moving into a new phase of your therapeutic journey, therapy is a safe space for self-exploration, growth, and discovery. I work psychodynamically and relationally, within a multicultural framework. I have worked extensively with young adults, adults, and couples in a wide range of settings. My areas of specialty are anxiety, depression, and other mood concerns; grief, loss, and bereavement; life transitions; relationships and family issues; and disordered eating and body image concerns.
(267) 983-6053 View (267) 983-6053
Photo of Sarah Waxman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 19105, PA
Sarah Waxman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSS, LCSW
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19105
Identifying a need for support and reaching out for help can feel vulnerable. In my practice, I foster a safe and nurturing environment to support your journey of self-exploration and healing. I see myself as a partner in your process. My style is warm and compassionate and I employ an integrative, collaborative and creative approach to therapy. I carefully attend to how our social location in the world and intersecting identities influence individual experience. We will begin by building an authentic relationship and co-creating a direction that fits your individual, therapeutic needs.
Identifying a need for support and reaching out for help can feel vulnerable. In my practice, I foster a safe and nurturing environment to support your journey of self-exploration and healing. I see myself as a partner in your process. My style is warm and compassionate and I employ an integrative, collaborative and creative approach to therapy. I carefully attend to how our social location in the world and intersecting identities influence individual experience. We will begin by building an authentic relationship and co-creating a direction that fits your individual, therapeutic needs.
(267) 214-8913 View (267) 214-8913
Felice Jordana Schwartz
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19105
I have experience providing mental health therapy to a variety of populations in therapeutic settings. I have provided therapy to individuals struggling with all types of addiction and addictive/ compulsive behaviors. I have worked extensively with individuals and couples who identify on the GLBTQ spectrum and who were experiencing sexual and gender identity issues. I treated individuals who experienced domestic violence and or sexual trauma. I treated individuals struggling with a variety of sexual health issues and dysfunctions. I have experience providing therapy to people of color who were HIV+, helping them manage issues related to their sexuality, relationships, sexual and gender identity.
I have experience providing mental health therapy to a variety of populations in therapeutic settings. I have provided therapy to individuals struggling with all types of addiction and addictive/ compulsive behaviors. I have worked extensively with individuals and couples who identify on the GLBTQ spectrum and who were experiencing sexual and gender identity issues. I treated individuals who experienced domestic violence and or sexual trauma. I treated individuals struggling with a variety of sexual health issues and dysfunctions. I have experience providing therapy to people of color who were HIV+, helping them manage issues related to their sexuality, relationships, sexual and gender identity.
(484) 240-3074 View (484) 240-3074
Photo of Jonathan Alpert, Licensed Professional Counselor in 19105, PA
Jonathan Alpert
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19105
I'm a results-oriented psychotherapist, executive/performance coach, columnist, and author of BE FEARLESS: Change Your Life in 28 Days. I work with individuals/couples on a wide range of issues. My patients come from all walks of life including professionals, students, executives, actors/actresses, musicians, athletes, and much more. My office is conveniently located in Center City, Philadelphia just steps from Rittenhouse Square and I have flexible hours that includes daytime, evenings, nights, and weekends. I also have an office located in the heart of Midtown Manhattan and Washington, D.C. and can provide remote sessions globally via Skype and telephone.
I'm a results-oriented psychotherapist, executive/performance coach, columnist, and author of BE FEARLESS: Change Your Life in 28 Days. I work with individuals/couples on a wide range of issues. My patients come from all walks of life including professionals, students, executives, actors/actresses, musicians, athletes, and much more. My office is conveniently located in Center City, Philadelphia just steps from Rittenhouse Square and I have flexible hours that includes daytime, evenings, nights, and weekends. I also have an office located in the heart of Midtown Manhattan and Washington, D.C. and can provide remote sessions globally via Skype and telephone.
(202) 841-3458 View (202) 841-3458
Photo of Kaitlin DiGiacinto, Marriage & Family Therapist in 19105, PA
Kaitlin DiGiacinto
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, CST
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19105  (Online Only)
Welcome! Congratulations on taking the first step on this adventure. I know finding the right therapist can be hard and a grueling process. For many clients this is the first time they have asked for help. I am passionate about creating a space for clients that is safe, freeing & nonjudgmental. I hope to do this through my multicultural background, interest in the client's perspective and the therapeutic relationship built. I operate from a systems & contextual framework where I believe clients are stuck, not sick. I work with clients to create goals and plans that are collaborative and empowering.
Welcome! Congratulations on taking the first step on this adventure. I know finding the right therapist can be hard and a grueling process. For many clients this is the first time they have asked for help. I am passionate about creating a space for clients that is safe, freeing & nonjudgmental. I hope to do this through my multicultural background, interest in the client's perspective and the therapeutic relationship built. I operate from a systems & contextual framework where I believe clients are stuck, not sick. I work with clients to create goals and plans that are collaborative and empowering.
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Photo of Ellen Singer Coleman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 19105, PA
Ellen Singer Coleman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CGP
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19105
I am a licensed clinical social worker, psychotherapist and certified relational psychoanalyst with 35+ years of advanced training and clinical experience with adults. My extensive clinical experience working with both women and men has prepared me to understand and address a wide range of emotional issues and concerns that may trigger such feelings as stress, anxiety, depression or low self-esteem. Some areas of special interest include: women's issues; young adulthood; pregnancy and postpartum adjustment; parenthood concerns; separation and divorce; family, peer and work relationships. My approach in all my therapeutic relationships is supportive, human and compassionate.
I am a licensed clinical social worker, psychotherapist and certified relational psychoanalyst with 35+ years of advanced training and clinical experience with adults. My extensive clinical experience working with both women and men has prepared me to understand and address a wide range of emotional issues and concerns that may trigger such feelings as stress, anxiety, depression or low self-esteem. Some areas of special interest include: women's issues; young adulthood; pregnancy and postpartum adjustment; parenthood concerns; separation and divorce; family, peer and work relationships. My approach in all my therapeutic relationships is supportive, human and compassionate.
(215) 703-8833 View (215) 703-8833
Photo of Melissa Sziga Dessereau, Marriage & Family Therapist in 19105, PA
Melissa Sziga Dessereau
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MA, CST
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19105
Sziga is a perceptive and nuanced therapist with a refreshingly frank style. For over 25 years, they have been working with individuals, couples, and families to foster personal growth and satisfying relationships. They have a way of making clients feel comfortable, understood, and at ease — like no matter what you say they get it and don’t judge you. And they're funny.
Sziga is a perceptive and nuanced therapist with a refreshingly frank style. For over 25 years, they have been working with individuals, couples, and families to foster personal growth and satisfying relationships. They have a way of making clients feel comfortable, understood, and at ease — like no matter what you say they get it and don’t judge you. And they're funny.
(267) 705-6288 View (267) 705-6288
Photo of Valerie Rosen, Psychologist in 19105, PA
Valerie Rosen
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19105
My goal as your therapist is to help you understand yourself better, take better care of yourself, and make healthier choices to enhance your relationships and meet your life goals. I try to understand your problems in the context of your personal life history, your family background, and your cultural identity.
My goal as your therapist is to help you understand yourself better, take better care of yourself, and make healthier choices to enhance your relationships and meet your life goals. I try to understand your problems in the context of your personal life history, your family background, and your cultural identity.
(267) 362-9982 View (267) 362-9982
Photo of Dr. Alishia Kalos, Psychologist in 19105, PA
Dr. Alishia Kalos
Psychologist, PsyD, CST
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19105  (Online Only)
Therapy is an invaluable opportunity for individuals and couples to learn about themselves and the relationships that they want to cultivate. Whether you are thinking about working through a particular issue, hoping to gain clarity and focus in future decisions, or considering a short-term "check-up", I will work with you in a safe, non-judgmental space that cultivates compassion, healing, and growth. I believe in the power of building on each person/couple's strengths and discovering, through a collaborative approach, new ways to adapt and grow.
Therapy is an invaluable opportunity for individuals and couples to learn about themselves and the relationships that they want to cultivate. Whether you are thinking about working through a particular issue, hoping to gain clarity and focus in future decisions, or considering a short-term "check-up", I will work with you in a safe, non-judgmental space that cultivates compassion, healing, and growth. I believe in the power of building on each person/couple's strengths and discovering, through a collaborative approach, new ways to adapt and grow.
(267) 399-4002 View (267) 399-4002
Photo of Jewelie Sluzas, Licensed Professional Counselor in 19105, PA
Jewelie Sluzas
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, ATR-BC
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19105
I believe all individuals can make meaningful changes that lead to growth and healing. I currently focus on supporting womxn in finding insight, connection, and inner strength to lead the lives they want. I use an eclectic, person-centered approach that prioritizes authenticity, collaboration, and the therapeutic relationship, which is vital to the process of psychotherapy.
I believe all individuals can make meaningful changes that lead to growth and healing. I currently focus on supporting womxn in finding insight, connection, and inner strength to lead the lives they want. I use an eclectic, person-centered approach that prioritizes authenticity, collaboration, and the therapeutic relationship, which is vital to the process of psychotherapy.
(970) 649-6567 View (970) 649-6567
Photo of Paromita Kar Haye, Marriage & Family Therapist in 19105, PA
Paromita Kar Haye
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19105  (Online Only)
Despite your best intentions and efforts, do you feel stuck in your personal life, intimate relationships, family relationships or workplace? You may be faced with challenges that are deeply rooted in your early life experiences, your primary attachments, in how you view the world, or due to misunderstanding between you and significant others. Challenges can arise during stressful life transitions, such as divorce or death of loved ones. But they can also arise from positive life experiences, such as marriage or the birth of a child. Left untreated, these challenges can grow into chronic problems that can corrode your sense of self and your relationships.
Despite your best intentions and efforts, do you feel stuck in your personal life, intimate relationships, family relationships or workplace? You may be faced with challenges that are deeply rooted in your early life experiences, your primary attachments, in how you view the world, or due to misunderstanding between you and significant others. Challenges can arise during stressful life transitions, such as divorce or death of loved ones. But they can also arise from positive life experiences, such as marriage or the birth of a child. Left untreated, these challenges can grow into chronic problems that can corrode your sense of self and your relationships.
(267) 519-1318 View (267) 519-1318
Photo of Key Therapy & Wellness, Marriage & Family Therapist in 19105, PA
Key Therapy & Wellness
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, CST
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19105
Welcome! Congratulations on taking the first step on this adventure. We know finding the right therapist can be hard, stressful and a grueling process. For many clients this is the first time they have asked for help. At Key Therapy & Wellness we believe everyone deserves to unlock their full selves, feel empowered to make choices, and be supported through the journey towards change. We provide therapy that is compassionate, collaborative, and liberating. As a team we believe in celebrating and affirming the parts of clients that make them unique.
Welcome! Congratulations on taking the first step on this adventure. We know finding the right therapist can be hard, stressful and a grueling process. For many clients this is the first time they have asked for help. At Key Therapy & Wellness we believe everyone deserves to unlock their full selves, feel empowered to make choices, and be supported through the journey towards change. We provide therapy that is compassionate, collaborative, and liberating. As a team we believe in celebrating and affirming the parts of clients that make them unique.
(484) 214-2426 View (484) 214-2426
Photo of Allyson Sproul, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 19105, PA
Allyson Sproul
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19105
With over a decade of experience since 2008, I've served as a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and Certified Advanced Alcohol and Drug Counselor. My practice revolves around a person-centered approach, meeting individuals at their current point to facilitate effective goal attainment. Creating a safe environment where clients can openly embrace vulnerability is central to my methodology. Outside of work, I enjoy planning day trips and partaking in family activities, along with dining out with friends. Baking and exploring new recipes to share with loved ones are cherished hobbies of mine.
With over a decade of experience since 2008, I've served as a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and Certified Advanced Alcohol and Drug Counselor. My practice revolves around a person-centered approach, meeting individuals at their current point to facilitate effective goal attainment. Creating a safe environment where clients can openly embrace vulnerability is central to my methodology. Outside of work, I enjoy planning day trips and partaking in family activities, along with dining out with friends. Baking and exploring new recipes to share with loved ones are cherished hobbies of mine.
(484) 276-1702 View (484) 276-1702
Photo of Ashley Orbanus, Licensed Professional Counselor in 19105, PA
Ashley Orbanus
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, CCTP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19105  (Online Only)
Only accepting new telehealth clients at this time- Healing does not mean the pain never existed; it means the damage no longer controls our lives. My name is Ashley and I am a fully trained EMDR therapist, as well as the owner of Transformations Counseling and EMDR Services, LLC. I work closely with a variety of adolescent and adult individuals suffering with trauma, depression, anxiety, and issues with self-image. Together, through a client centered approach, I will help you in setting and achieving goals to help you focus on what really matters to you.
Only accepting new telehealth clients at this time- Healing does not mean the pain never existed; it means the damage no longer controls our lives. My name is Ashley and I am a fully trained EMDR therapist, as well as the owner of Transformations Counseling and EMDR Services, LLC. I work closely with a variety of adolescent and adult individuals suffering with trauma, depression, anxiety, and issues with self-image. Together, through a client centered approach, I will help you in setting and achieving goals to help you focus on what really matters to you.
(570) 273-0280 View (570) 273-0280

See more therapy options for 19105

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 19105

20+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in 19105 who prioritize treating:

96% Depression
91% Anxiety
83% Relationship Issues
78% Self Esteem
70% Family Conflict
70% Coping Skills
61% Women's Issues

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

75% BlueCross and BlueShield
50% Aetna
50% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in 19105 see their clients

74% In Person and Online
26% Online Only

Gender breakdown

85% Female
10% Male
5% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 19105?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.