Therapists in 19147

Photo of Heather Rubin, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 19147, PA
Heather Rubin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19147  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Welcome! I hope you feel proud for making this first step on your therapy journey. Throughout my career, I have been fortunate to work with diverse groups of individuals at different stages of their lives. I consider it an honor and privilege to share the sacred space of therapy with my clients. Whatever brings you to therapy is valid and important. My goal as a therapist is to empower my clients to identify and motivate themselves to make positive and healthy changes. I believe that we all have the capacity to thrive. I am licensed to work with clients in both Pennsylvania and New Jersey.
Welcome! I hope you feel proud for making this first step on your therapy journey. Throughout my career, I have been fortunate to work with diverse groups of individuals at different stages of their lives. I consider it an honor and privilege to share the sacred space of therapy with my clients. Whatever brings you to therapy is valid and important. My goal as a therapist is to empower my clients to identify and motivate themselves to make positive and healthy changes. I believe that we all have the capacity to thrive. I am licensed to work with clients in both Pennsylvania and New Jersey.
(484) 218-4339 x320 View (484) 218-4339 x320
Photo of Rachel Goodman, Marriage & Family Therapist Intern in 19147, PA
Rachel Goodman
Marriage & Family Therapist Intern, MFT
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19147
Approaching therapy with an open heart, practicality, and a foundation in research, I believe in optimistic realism. My mission is to help you nurture love in all facets of your life – friendships, self-love, romantic relationships, and more. Together, we'll strive to create a life imbued with contentment and personal alignment.
Approaching therapy with an open heart, practicality, and a foundation in research, I believe in optimistic realism. My mission is to help you nurture love in all facets of your life – friendships, self-love, romantic relationships, and more. Together, we'll strive to create a life imbued with contentment and personal alignment.
(267) 389-5733 View (267) 389-5733
Photo of Brian Ashin, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 19147, PA
Brian Ashin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LMSW, CGP
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19147  (Online Only)
Whether you are exploring therapy for the first time or have had prior treatment, the initial contact with a therapist can be daunting. Feel free to contact me to discuss how therapy may help and if I am the right therapist for you. I would be happy to spend some time on the phone to answer any questions you may have as well as to help you decide whether or not to set up an initial appointment.
Whether you are exploring therapy for the first time or have had prior treatment, the initial contact with a therapist can be daunting. Feel free to contact me to discuss how therapy may help and if I am the right therapist for you. I would be happy to spend some time on the phone to answer any questions you may have as well as to help you decide whether or not to set up an initial appointment.
(267) 727-2809 View (267) 727-2809
Photo of Brooke Davidson - Eleven Psychotherapy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 19147, PA
Brooke Davidson - Eleven Eleven Psychotherapy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19147  (Online Only)
Are you tired of feeling like you're just going through the motions, trapped on autopilot amidst the chaos of work, family, stress, and anxiety? It's time to reclaim control and discover meaning in your day-to-day life. In our safe, judgment-free space, you'll have the opportunity to process your thoughts, emotions, and identify your priorities. Together, we'll navigate the struggles of everyday life, making them more manageable and empowering you to thrive.
Are you tired of feeling like you're just going through the motions, trapped on autopilot amidst the chaos of work, family, stress, and anxiety? It's time to reclaim control and discover meaning in your day-to-day life. In our safe, judgment-free space, you'll have the opportunity to process your thoughts, emotions, and identify your priorities. Together, we'll navigate the struggles of everyday life, making them more manageable and empowering you to thrive.
(215) 770-0235 View (215) 770-0235
Photo of Kellie Medendorp, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 19147, PA
Kellie Medendorp
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19147  (Online Only)
When you are ready, I am here to support you. As your therapist, I strive to build a working, collaborative relationship where we can discuss your goals and various ways to achieve them. I firmly believe in the strength-based perspective where we will discuss the skills you already have and build on them to reach your goals. Cultivating your motivation for change is another emphasis in our working relationship. I will assist you in finding a realistic place where we can begin to make some changes, no matter how small they may be. You will choose your starting point and we will come up with your next step together.
When you are ready, I am here to support you. As your therapist, I strive to build a working, collaborative relationship where we can discuss your goals and various ways to achieve them. I firmly believe in the strength-based perspective where we will discuss the skills you already have and build on them to reach your goals. Cultivating your motivation for change is another emphasis in our working relationship. I will assist you in finding a realistic place where we can begin to make some changes, no matter how small they may be. You will choose your starting point and we will come up with your next step together.
(267) 861-3685 x1 View (267) 861-3685 x1
Photo of Constance Lucy Cunningham, Licensed Professional Counselor in 19147, PA
Constance Lucy Cunningham
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19147  (Online Only)
I a a professional counselor licensed in Pennsylvania. I practice using primarily psychodynamic and person-centered therapy. Through these modalities, you will work on a deeper level to explore causes and underlying patterns of presenting problems and easing resistance. I will provide unconditional positive regard, so you do not have to worry about feeling pressured or judged. Areas of expertise include relationship issues, anxiety, low self-esteem and feelings of being stuck in unhealthy patterns of functioning.
I a a professional counselor licensed in Pennsylvania. I practice using primarily psychodynamic and person-centered therapy. Through these modalities, you will work on a deeper level to explore causes and underlying patterns of presenting problems and easing resistance. I will provide unconditional positive regard, so you do not have to worry about feeling pressured or judged. Areas of expertise include relationship issues, anxiety, low self-esteem and feelings of being stuck in unhealthy patterns of functioning.
(267) 399-3625 View (267) 399-3625
Photo of Julie Saragosa, Pre-Licensed Professional in 19147, PA
Julie Saragosa
Pre-Licensed Professional, MC
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19147
As your therapist, my goal is to provide a comfortable and safe environment for you to express your feelings and help you gain perspective with challenges you may be facing. My clients learn healthy coping skills and tools to better navigate life's difficult moments. My role is to walk alongside you through this journey to your most empowered and best self. By challenging beliefs and emotions that no longer serve you, in addition to improving intra and interpersonal relationships, personal growth and symptom relief are my goals for you. You are not alone; allow me to help you through challenges and find hope and happiness again.
As your therapist, my goal is to provide a comfortable and safe environment for you to express your feelings and help you gain perspective with challenges you may be facing. My clients learn healthy coping skills and tools to better navigate life's difficult moments. My role is to walk alongside you through this journey to your most empowered and best self. By challenging beliefs and emotions that no longer serve you, in addition to improving intra and interpersonal relationships, personal growth and symptom relief are my goals for you. You are not alone; allow me to help you through challenges and find hope and happiness again.
(215) 515-5040 View (215) 515-5040
Photo of Holly Olshefski, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 19147, PA
Holly Olshefski
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19147
I specialize in therapy care for children, teens, young adults & families. Parents are included as part of the therapy process from start to finish. Individual clients are seen as well using a relational and humanistic lens. Issues you may want to focus on: building cooperation & fostering openness instead of hostility & defiance; growing self esteem & confidence instead of fearfulness, clinging & sadness; increasing tolerance, self control instead of tantrums & aggression. Our work will heal family patterns of discord, hurt & division & will help children along their journey of becoming a confident, well rounded individual.
I specialize in therapy care for children, teens, young adults & families. Parents are included as part of the therapy process from start to finish. Individual clients are seen as well using a relational and humanistic lens. Issues you may want to focus on: building cooperation & fostering openness instead of hostility & defiance; growing self esteem & confidence instead of fearfulness, clinging & sadness; increasing tolerance, self control instead of tantrums & aggression. Our work will heal family patterns of discord, hurt & division & will help children along their journey of becoming a confident, well rounded individual.
(215) 600-4791 View (215) 600-4791
Photo of Martin Ward, Psychologist in 19147, PA
Martin Ward
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19147  (Online Only)
It is important that you know I already believe in you. You are looking for someone who can help you, understand you, and work with you. I will work hard to create a space where you can talk openly, and make changes to feel better. You have strengths and abilities that we can build on. You have goals and hopes, even if you can’t put them into words yet. Whether you are looking to make a small change or a long, difficult change, I am prepared to support you. I look forward to welcoming you, hearing you, and working together to develop the life you want.
It is important that you know I already believe in you. You are looking for someone who can help you, understand you, and work with you. I will work hard to create a space where you can talk openly, and make changes to feel better. You have strengths and abilities that we can build on. You have goals and hopes, even if you can’t put them into words yet. Whether you are looking to make a small change or a long, difficult change, I am prepared to support you. I look forward to welcoming you, hearing you, and working together to develop the life you want.
(267) 861-3685 x1 View (267) 861-3685 x1
Photo of Rebecca Clarke, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 19147, PA
Rebecca Clarke
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, CCTP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19147
I feel it is an honor and privilege to serve as a therapist. Creating a partnership with clients, I work to provide a safe, warm, nurturing and empathic space. My goal as an EMDR therapist is to work collaboratively with clients- creating transformative healing and change, and increasing self understanding and self compassion. I currently have availability for intensive EMDR- individually tailored (half, full or multi day therapy) in person at my Philadelphia location or online (PA and NJ residents).
I feel it is an honor and privilege to serve as a therapist. Creating a partnership with clients, I work to provide a safe, warm, nurturing and empathic space. My goal as an EMDR therapist is to work collaboratively with clients- creating transformative healing and change, and increasing self understanding and self compassion. I currently have availability for intensive EMDR- individually tailored (half, full or multi day therapy) in person at my Philadelphia location or online (PA and NJ residents).
(215) 337-2340 View (215) 337-2340
Photo of Cori Grachek, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 19147, PA
Cori Grachek
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19147
Life can be really hard. Sometimes you need help to move through the tougher times. You are the expert on your life and with my experience and expertise we form a strong, workng relationship. I work and teach from an integrative perspective incorporating mindfulness with the traditional therapeutic approaches Cognitive Behavioral and Humanistic. I believe that healing, growth and change are best supported by raising our awareness around our thoughts, actions, feelings and our physical selves. I advocate movement, internal work and meditative practice when appropriate.
Life can be really hard. Sometimes you need help to move through the tougher times. You are the expert on your life and with my experience and expertise we form a strong, workng relationship. I work and teach from an integrative perspective incorporating mindfulness with the traditional therapeutic approaches Cognitive Behavioral and Humanistic. I believe that healing, growth and change are best supported by raising our awareness around our thoughts, actions, feelings and our physical selves. I advocate movement, internal work and meditative practice when appropriate.
(215) 839-1086 View (215) 839-1086
Photo of Roberto Wingfield, Pre-Licensed Professional in 19147, PA
Roberto Wingfield
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19147
My goal is to offer a safe space where you're heard and understood without judgement. With a background in trauma-informed care, I'm here to help you navigate the challenges life has thrown your way. Whether you're dealing with trauma, anxiety, stress, or identity issues, I'm here to support you. I will always partner with your goals as an individual or as a family with an active treatment approach, meeting you where you are in life.
My goal is to offer a safe space where you're heard and understood without judgement. With a background in trauma-informed care, I'm here to help you navigate the challenges life has thrown your way. Whether you're dealing with trauma, anxiety, stress, or identity issues, I'm here to support you. I will always partner with your goals as an individual or as a family with an active treatment approach, meeting you where you are in life.
(267) 774-2252 View (267) 774-2252
Photo of Jake Brennan, Licensed Professional Counselor in 19147, PA
Jake Brennan
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19147
I believe we all carry a wealth of past experiences, and that this often involves old or unhealed wounds. Sometimes this presents as feelings of disconnection, depression, racing thoughts or anxiety, sometimes as substance use, self-harming behavior, or relationship problems. Wherever you are at, I will work to build a relationship together which we can use to explore your life and where you are now with the goal of moving forward and growing in whatever ways you want. The therapist-client relationship is something I value deeply.
I believe we all carry a wealth of past experiences, and that this often involves old or unhealed wounds. Sometimes this presents as feelings of disconnection, depression, racing thoughts or anxiety, sometimes as substance use, self-harming behavior, or relationship problems. Wherever you are at, I will work to build a relationship together which we can use to explore your life and where you are now with the goal of moving forward and growing in whatever ways you want. The therapist-client relationship is something I value deeply.
(609) 900-7551 View (609) 900-7551
Photo of Christine Wamble, Marriage & Family Therapist in 19147, PA
Christine Wamble
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19147  (Online Only)
Feeling connected is an integral part of relationships. Clients come to me when they feel disconnected, lost, overwhelmed, lonely, frustrated, angry, sad, and confused. You may want something but don't know how to get it, or worthy enough to receive it. Or maybe you aren't sure what you want, and need help gaining clarity. My role is to walk with my clients as they learn about themselves, and how their families, relationships, and experiences have impacted their understanding of who they are both internally and in relationship with others. I hope to empower clients to value themselves, and form the relationships they desire.
Feeling connected is an integral part of relationships. Clients come to me when they feel disconnected, lost, overwhelmed, lonely, frustrated, angry, sad, and confused. You may want something but don't know how to get it, or worthy enough to receive it. Or maybe you aren't sure what you want, and need help gaining clarity. My role is to walk with my clients as they learn about themselves, and how their families, relationships, and experiences have impacted their understanding of who they are both internally and in relationship with others. I hope to empower clients to value themselves, and form the relationships they desire.
(610) 546-2577 View (610) 546-2577
Photo of Caroline Kuttler, Licensed Professional Counselor in 19147, PA
Caroline Kuttler
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19147
Deciding to start therapy can be a challenging and vulnerable process. My goal as a therapist is to make each individual feel as safe and supported as possible with high levels of empathy, compassion, and genuineness. Throughout the therapy process, I value the importance of improving relationships, managing stress, and increasing the ability to identify and regulate emotions. In sessions, I emphasis the importance of processing core beliefs we hold towards ourself and the world, practicing daily mindfulness, and learning skills to effectively regulate our emotions. I also provide supervision for pre-licensed clinicians!
Deciding to start therapy can be a challenging and vulnerable process. My goal as a therapist is to make each individual feel as safe and supported as possible with high levels of empathy, compassion, and genuineness. Throughout the therapy process, I value the importance of improving relationships, managing stress, and increasing the ability to identify and regulate emotions. In sessions, I emphasis the importance of processing core beliefs we hold towards ourself and the world, practicing daily mindfulness, and learning skills to effectively regulate our emotions. I also provide supervision for pre-licensed clinicians!
(215) 608-1069 View (215) 608-1069
Photo of Dana Loreaux, Marriage & Family Therapist in 19147, PA
Dana Loreaux
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19147
Therapy can be a warm, supportive environment to begin exploring your relationship to yourself and others around you. I believe collaboration and empathy are key to creating the type of space that can facilitate healing and growth. Finding a therapist you feel comfortable enough to enter that type of space with is immensely important in the process of change. I truly enjoy getting to know each person I work with and getting a deeper sense of who they are and what they’re looking for. I’m passionate about exploring the human experience and meeting my clients where they are at on their journeys.
Therapy can be a warm, supportive environment to begin exploring your relationship to yourself and others around you. I believe collaboration and empathy are key to creating the type of space that can facilitate healing and growth. Finding a therapist you feel comfortable enough to enter that type of space with is immensely important in the process of change. I truly enjoy getting to know each person I work with and getting a deeper sense of who they are and what they’re looking for. I’m passionate about exploring the human experience and meeting my clients where they are at on their journeys.
(215) 261-5687 View (215) 261-5687
Photo of David N Wilson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 19147, PA
David N Wilson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19147
I am an experienced and compassionate Licensed Clinical Social Worker dedicated to helping individuals and couples navigate life’s challenges. Throughout my clinical career, I have specialized in working with children and adults involving traumatic related experiences, anxiety, and relationship issues. I employ a holistic approach, integrating evidence-based therapies tailored to each individual's unique needs. Each clients distinctive experience allows for the therapeutic relationship to fit their desired outcome.
I am an experienced and compassionate Licensed Clinical Social Worker dedicated to helping individuals and couples navigate life’s challenges. Throughout my clinical career, I have specialized in working with children and adults involving traumatic related experiences, anxiety, and relationship issues. I employ a holistic approach, integrating evidence-based therapies tailored to each individual's unique needs. Each clients distinctive experience allows for the therapeutic relationship to fit their desired outcome.
(267) 651-9255 View (267) 651-9255
Photo of Nicole Lewis, Licensed Professional Counselor in 19147, PA
Nicole Lewis
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19147  (Online Only)
People generally don't seek therapy because life is going smoothly. I'm sorry you've been struggling. Working together we can identify and highlight your strengths to help you move through the world with less stress and struggle. Building resilience will assist you in managing shame, doubt, guilt, and trauma from your past and help you move forward. Our sessions will generally feel like a conversation with a trusted friend as we navigate stressors and old narratives that are currently affecting you.
People generally don't seek therapy because life is going smoothly. I'm sorry you've been struggling. Working together we can identify and highlight your strengths to help you move through the world with less stress and struggle. Building resilience will assist you in managing shame, doubt, guilt, and trauma from your past and help you move forward. Our sessions will generally feel like a conversation with a trusted friend as we navigate stressors and old narratives that are currently affecting you.
(267) 356-5813 View (267) 356-5813
Photo of Blair Pomerantz, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 19147, PA
Blair Pomerantz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSS, LCSW
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19147
My hope is for you to leave each session feeling lighter and with tools to help you manage whatever challenges come your way. I am by nature a good listener, empathetic, caring, and have a passion for helping others. It is my priority to create a trusting therapeutic relationship, as this sets the foundation for the work we will do together. I provide a safe space for you to share past & present experiences without any judgement, and together we can work towards understanding how these experiences are affecting your life. When working with children, I use various modalities including play, art, sand, creating, movement & meditation.
My hope is for you to leave each session feeling lighter and with tools to help you manage whatever challenges come your way. I am by nature a good listener, empathetic, caring, and have a passion for helping others. It is my priority to create a trusting therapeutic relationship, as this sets the foundation for the work we will do together. I provide a safe space for you to share past & present experiences without any judgement, and together we can work towards understanding how these experiences are affecting your life. When working with children, I use various modalities including play, art, sand, creating, movement & meditation.
(267) 452-2363 View (267) 452-2363
Photo of Rikki Ford, Licensed Professional Counselor in 19147, PA
Rikki Ford
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MFT
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19147
I help children, individuals and families target problematic behaviors, develop effective coping skills, improve their communication and enrich their relationships with one another. My education in family therapy and my years of experience working with children, adolescents and adults have shown me even the most difficult obstacles can be overcome with the right support.
I help children, individuals and families target problematic behaviors, develop effective coping skills, improve their communication and enrich their relationships with one another. My education in family therapy and my years of experience working with children, adolescents and adults have shown me even the most difficult obstacles can be overcome with the right support.
(215) 253-7816 View (215) 253-7816

See more therapy options for 19147

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 19147

200+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in 19147 who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
90% Depression
82% Relationship Issues
78% Trauma and PTSD
71% Self Esteem
68% Life Transitions
66% Stress

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

81% Aetna
63% Highmark
51% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 19147 see their clients

65% In Person and Online
35% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
17% Male
3% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 19147?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.