Photo of Mary Caldwell, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10009, NY
Mary Caldwell
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
New York, NY 10009  (Online Only)
We all experience periods when we feel unsure of ourselves, discouraged, overwhelmed, anxious, or depressed. We also each have unique resources, strengths, and coping skills. Private, public, and communally shared experiences challenge us to evolve into versions of ourselves that have never existed before. Our genders and cultures color and affect our experiences. Therapy enables us to choose from among our ever-shifting resources as we move through our lives.
We all experience periods when we feel unsure of ourselves, discouraged, overwhelmed, anxious, or depressed. We also each have unique resources, strengths, and coping skills. Private, public, and communally shared experiences challenge us to evolve into versions of ourselves that have never existed before. Our genders and cultures color and affect our experiences. Therapy enables us to choose from among our ever-shifting resources as we move through our lives.
(917) 243-9078 View (917) 243-9078
Photo of Karenjot Kaur, Psychologist in 10009, NY
Karenjot Kaur
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10009
What holds you back? Do you find yourself feeling stuck, going through the motions of your day, or feeling trapped by your thoughts? Discover the tools you need to succeed and honor your story. Your past and your future are lenses through which you can discover a more meaningful present. Healing can be challenging but you don’t have to go through it alone. I hope to work with you through stressors as you become attuned to your present needs and explore how life events and societal/familial expectations may play a role in your life.
What holds you back? Do you find yourself feeling stuck, going through the motions of your day, or feeling trapped by your thoughts? Discover the tools you need to succeed and honor your story. Your past and your future are lenses through which you can discover a more meaningful present. Healing can be challenging but you don’t have to go through it alone. I hope to work with you through stressors as you become attuned to your present needs and explore how life events and societal/familial expectations may play a role in your life.
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Photo of Theresa Kimm, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10009, NY
Theresa Kimm
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10009  (Online Only)
If you are struggling with anxiety, depression, burnout, and increased reliance on substances to cope with uncertainty and confusion, you aren't alone. The Covid pandemic took the world by surprise and left us feeling unsafe and uncertain. Ever since, it's been crisis after crisis from climate change, deep-seated political divisions, and the threat of violence in our city and on a global scale. Talking about what's difficult to articulate is therapeutic. If you find yourself without the anchor of personal values and purpose, life can feel adrift and unmoored. I am here to help you make sense of it.
If you are struggling with anxiety, depression, burnout, and increased reliance on substances to cope with uncertainty and confusion, you aren't alone. The Covid pandemic took the world by surprise and left us feeling unsafe and uncertain. Ever since, it's been crisis after crisis from climate change, deep-seated political divisions, and the threat of violence in our city and on a global scale. Talking about what's difficult to articulate is therapeutic. If you find yourself without the anchor of personal values and purpose, life can feel adrift and unmoored. I am here to help you make sense of it.
(646) 374-0409 View (646) 374-0409
Photo of Melissa Maria Flores, Marriage & Family Therapist in 10009, NY
Melissa Maria Flores
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10009  (Online Only)
Melissa Flores is a bilingual licensed Marriage and Family Therapist with a client-centered and trauma-informed approach, graduated magna cum laude from one of Touro's MFT masters programs, and has provided psychotherapy for 6 years to a wide range of people. Melissa has experience working with individuals of all ages, couples, and families. She creates a creative, collaborative, and safe environment for clients to feel encouraged to step outside of their comfort zone and thrive. Melissa provides individual, couples, and family therapy as well as groups for organizations, anger management, parenting classes, and couples groups.
Melissa Flores is a bilingual licensed Marriage and Family Therapist with a client-centered and trauma-informed approach, graduated magna cum laude from one of Touro's MFT masters programs, and has provided psychotherapy for 6 years to a wide range of people. Melissa has experience working with individuals of all ages, couples, and families. She creates a creative, collaborative, and safe environment for clients to feel encouraged to step outside of their comfort zone and thrive. Melissa provides individual, couples, and family therapy as well as groups for organizations, anger management, parenting classes, and couples groups.
(646) 437-8138 View (646) 437-8138
Photo of Grace Sullivan, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10009, NY
Grace Sullivan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10009  (Online Only)
I work with clients who seek therapy for a variety of reasons: feeling overwhelmed and depleted during an extremely stressful time, for extra support in period of transition, having trouble in a relationship or seeking personal or professional growth. I’ve also helped clients with persistent troubling mood and anxiety issues. Whatever the client's identified concerns and goals are, we work together collaboratively to develop a plan and address them while increasing skills to handle life’s ups and downs.
I work with clients who seek therapy for a variety of reasons: feeling overwhelmed and depleted during an extremely stressful time, for extra support in period of transition, having trouble in a relationship or seeking personal or professional growth. I’ve also helped clients with persistent troubling mood and anxiety issues. Whatever the client's identified concerns and goals are, we work together collaboratively to develop a plan and address them while increasing skills to handle life’s ups and downs.
(646) 904-4771 View (646) 904-4771
Photo of Ana Carolina Martinez, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10009, NY
Ana Carolina Martinez
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10009
With a compassionate and warm approach, I hope to be an integral part of your healing journey. My training in trauma focused work, grief and loss, mindfulness, strength based, EMDR and feminist therapy along with my lived experiences, can be of support as you navigate life challenges and stressors. I strive to provide a space where self reflection, self compassion and self love are nurtured. In this space, I also uphold a strong social justice stance which ensures that all individuals are seen and treated with respect and dignity. I am a proud anti-racist therapist who upholds an LGBTQ+ affirming and culturally sensitive practice.
With a compassionate and warm approach, I hope to be an integral part of your healing journey. My training in trauma focused work, grief and loss, mindfulness, strength based, EMDR and feminist therapy along with my lived experiences, can be of support as you navigate life challenges and stressors. I strive to provide a space where self reflection, self compassion and self love are nurtured. In this space, I also uphold a strong social justice stance which ensures that all individuals are seen and treated with respect and dignity. I am a proud anti-racist therapist who upholds an LGBTQ+ affirming and culturally sensitive practice.
(646) 604-2655 View (646) 604-2655
Photo of Hedy M Diamond, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10009, NY
Hedy M Diamond
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10009
I am a licensed clinical social worker with over 35 years of experience. I specialize in anxiety, depression, panic attacks, mood swings, traumas, eating disorders, and relationship issues. Through my extensive training in various therapies, such as CBT, EMDR, DBT, Gestalt Therapy, and Ericksonian Hypnosis. I utilize an integrative approach to help individuals achieve their desired goals. The sessions can be in person or online. You are welcome to contact me at the above phone number.
I am a licensed clinical social worker with over 35 years of experience. I specialize in anxiety, depression, panic attacks, mood swings, traumas, eating disorders, and relationship issues. Through my extensive training in various therapies, such as CBT, EMDR, DBT, Gestalt Therapy, and Ericksonian Hypnosis. I utilize an integrative approach to help individuals achieve their desired goals. The sessions can be in person or online. You are welcome to contact me at the above phone number.
(646) 849-7454 View (646) 849-7454
Photo of Sara Mattina, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10009, NY
Sara Mattina
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10009  (Online Only)
I work with adults who are struggling with depression, anxiety, self-esteem, relationships, career stress, and life transitions. I assist clients in achieving goals, making important decisions, and pursuing their versions of happiness. Engaging in therapy isn’t just a way to help you with your current life stressors, it’s an investment in your current and future self!
I work with adults who are struggling with depression, anxiety, self-esteem, relationships, career stress, and life transitions. I assist clients in achieving goals, making important decisions, and pursuing their versions of happiness. Engaging in therapy isn’t just a way to help you with your current life stressors, it’s an investment in your current and future self!
(631) 540-1859 View (631) 540-1859
Photo of Jennifer Henry, Pre-Licensed Professional in 10009, NY
Jennifer Henry
Pre-Licensed Professional, MHC-LP
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10009  (Online Only)
In the process of navigating life, we naturally encounter obstacles. Whether you are enduring difficult life transitions, trying to make sense of your experiences, or navigating tricky interpersonal relationships, you don’t have to figure it all out on your own. Therapy is a space to work towards clarity in an empathetic, thoughtful, and authentic manner. Looking at ourselves in the context of individual, interpersonal, and cultural cycles allows us to more clearly understand our life experiences and internal reactions.
In the process of navigating life, we naturally encounter obstacles. Whether you are enduring difficult life transitions, trying to make sense of your experiences, or navigating tricky interpersonal relationships, you don’t have to figure it all out on your own. Therapy is a space to work towards clarity in an empathetic, thoughtful, and authentic manner. Looking at ourselves in the context of individual, interpersonal, and cultural cycles allows us to more clearly understand our life experiences and internal reactions.
(646) 846-2721 View (646) 846-2721
Photo of Samantha Stone, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10009, NY
Samantha Stone
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10009
Not accepting new clients
Based on our experiences, we develop ways of understanding and relating to the world that affect our daily lives, often without our awareness. At times, these patterns serve us well, while at other times, they stifle us. Therapy is an opportunity to explore our feelings, thoughts, and behaviors to unlock patterns, heal wounds, and gain self-acceptance. As these patterns are often learned and ingrained during childhood and adolescence, therapy during this time is a powerful means for lifelong growth. I work collaboratively with you or your child to harness your strengths so you can achieve your goals for greater happiness.
Based on our experiences, we develop ways of understanding and relating to the world that affect our daily lives, often without our awareness. At times, these patterns serve us well, while at other times, they stifle us. Therapy is an opportunity to explore our feelings, thoughts, and behaviors to unlock patterns, heal wounds, and gain self-acceptance. As these patterns are often learned and ingrained during childhood and adolescence, therapy during this time is a powerful means for lifelong growth. I work collaboratively with you or your child to harness your strengths so you can achieve your goals for greater happiness.
(646) 849-3301 View (646) 849-3301
Photo of Recovery Resources, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10009, NY
Recovery Resources
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10009  (Online Only)
I am an LCSW-R practicing in NYS for over 30 years. My prior careers were in Finance and IT. My services are provided via ZOOM and other telehealth platforms on which I have successfully assisted many clients overcome multiple issues. I am an Interventionist . My approach is to help clients overcome or minimize their symptoms and resume their improved life. I have been successful in treating Addictions, Compulsive, Behavioral and Personality Disorders, Depression and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. I accept 1199 SEIU Benefit and Pension, Aetna, Oxford, Upton, Cigna, Anthem Blue Cross/Blue Shield and UHC insurances
I am an LCSW-R practicing in NYS for over 30 years. My prior careers were in Finance and IT. My services are provided via ZOOM and other telehealth platforms on which I have successfully assisted many clients overcome multiple issues. I am an Interventionist . My approach is to help clients overcome or minimize their symptoms and resume their improved life. I have been successful in treating Addictions, Compulsive, Behavioral and Personality Disorders, Depression and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. I accept 1199 SEIU Benefit and Pension, Aetna, Oxford, Upton, Cigna, Anthem Blue Cross/Blue Shield and UHC insurances
(646) 692-0455 View (646) 692-0455
Photo of Elizabeth Walker, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10009, NY
Elizabeth Walker
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10009
Hi. How are you today? My name is Beth Walker. I am a licensed clinical social worker. I see counseling as a collaboration where I walk beside you on your healing journey, and I really appreciate client input, especially if I am missing the mark. My areas of practice include; depression, anxiety, OCD, emotion regulation, trauma, Bipolar disorder, Schizophrenia, addictions, and dissociation. Treatment interventions I am trained in include; Trauma Informed Care, CBT, DBT, Emotion Focused Couple therapy, EMDR, CPT, Ego State therapy, Internal Family Systems, and Schema therapy.
Hi. How are you today? My name is Beth Walker. I am a licensed clinical social worker. I see counseling as a collaboration where I walk beside you on your healing journey, and I really appreciate client input, especially if I am missing the mark. My areas of practice include; depression, anxiety, OCD, emotion regulation, trauma, Bipolar disorder, Schizophrenia, addictions, and dissociation. Treatment interventions I am trained in include; Trauma Informed Care, CBT, DBT, Emotion Focused Couple therapy, EMDR, CPT, Ego State therapy, Internal Family Systems, and Schema therapy.
(332) 378-1757 View (332) 378-1757
Photo of Lisa McDermott, Mental Health Counselor in 10009, NY
Lisa McDermott
Mental Health Counselor, LMHC, FL & NY
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10009  (Online Only)
My goal is to create a non-judgemental, caring atmosphere where effective listening and teaching skills can be employed helping individuals create a balance in life. Therapy can help in regaining control of your life in difficult times or just be the additional support needed at the right time. All clients are unique, treatment plans are tailored to meet the needs and desired outcomes of each individual. Court referrals are accepted as a condition of probation.
My goal is to create a non-judgemental, caring atmosphere where effective listening and teaching skills can be employed helping individuals create a balance in life. Therapy can help in regaining control of your life in difficult times or just be the additional support needed at the right time. All clients are unique, treatment plans are tailored to meet the needs and desired outcomes of each individual. Court referrals are accepted as a condition of probation.
(646) 783-3066 View (646) 783-3066
Photo of Liz Yarock, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10009, NY
Liz Yarock
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10009
My expertise lies in working with adults and adolescents experiencing anxiety, stressful life events, relationship issues, low self-image, and the highly sensitive. If you have high standards for yourself, but find it leads to overthinking, self-doubt, worry, people pleasing, or overwhelm, I'm here to help you create meaningful change. I care deeply about the individuals I work with providing a warm, authentic, and engaged style of therapy. My approach is integrative, in that I use various tools and therapeutic techniques to help you discover and build upon your unique inner strengths to live a more balanced life.
My expertise lies in working with adults and adolescents experiencing anxiety, stressful life events, relationship issues, low self-image, and the highly sensitive. If you have high standards for yourself, but find it leads to overthinking, self-doubt, worry, people pleasing, or overwhelm, I'm here to help you create meaningful change. I care deeply about the individuals I work with providing a warm, authentic, and engaged style of therapy. My approach is integrative, in that I use various tools and therapeutic techniques to help you discover and build upon your unique inner strengths to live a more balanced life.
(201) 298-8725 View (201) 298-8725
Photo of Dr. Narolyn Mendez, Psychologist in 10009, NY
Dr. Narolyn Mendez
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10009  (Online Only)
I’m passionate about fostering collaboration and building meaningful relationships to help individuals gain deeper insight and awareness into their lives. With a strong background in multiculturalism, I bring a unique perspective to therapy, emphasizing the importance of considering each person's context and identities. My goal is to create a safe and supportive environment where you can explore your experiences and challenges. I believe that understanding your cultural background, social context, and individual identities is crucial for effective therapy.
I’m passionate about fostering collaboration and building meaningful relationships to help individuals gain deeper insight and awareness into their lives. With a strong background in multiculturalism, I bring a unique perspective to therapy, emphasizing the importance of considering each person's context and identities. My goal is to create a safe and supportive environment where you can explore your experiences and challenges. I believe that understanding your cultural background, social context, and individual identities is crucial for effective therapy.
(646) 718-9906 View (646) 718-9906
Photo of Greg Lowder, Psychologist in 10009, NY
Greg Lowder
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10009  (Online Only)
When you are physically ill you turn to your doctor, hoping they can help you feel better. Problems like depression, anxiety, impulsivity, uncontrollable anger, guilt, or low self-confidence can be as painful, if not more so, than physical illness; they can also create serious relationship and work difficulties. I have over 30 years of experience and I have helped many adults, adolescents, and couples who had received limited or no benefit from previous therapists, other doctors, or medications. I work well with people who are skeptical of, or intimidated by, talk therapy.
When you are physically ill you turn to your doctor, hoping they can help you feel better. Problems like depression, anxiety, impulsivity, uncontrollable anger, guilt, or low self-confidence can be as painful, if not more so, than physical illness; they can also create serious relationship and work difficulties. I have over 30 years of experience and I have helped many adults, adolescents, and couples who had received limited or no benefit from previous therapists, other doctors, or medications. I work well with people who are skeptical of, or intimidated by, talk therapy.
(929) 556-4011 View (929) 556-4011
Photo of Allison Steinberg, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10009, NY
Allison Steinberg
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10009
Hi! My name is Allison Steinberg and I’m a LCSW psychotherapist in New York. I received my Master of Social Work from Columbia University School of Social Work. I have extensive experience with issues such as depression, anxiety, relationship issues, life changes/transitions, grief and loss, bullying, and work/school difficulties. I’m skilled in children, teens, young adults (20s and 30s), and adults.
Hi! My name is Allison Steinberg and I’m a LCSW psychotherapist in New York. I received my Master of Social Work from Columbia University School of Social Work. I have extensive experience with issues such as depression, anxiety, relationship issues, life changes/transitions, grief and loss, bullying, and work/school difficulties. I’m skilled in children, teens, young adults (20s and 30s), and adults.
(646) 768-8329 View (646) 768-8329
Photo of Hazel Branche, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10009, NY
Hazel Branche
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10009  (Online Only)
Therapy is not a “one-size fits all!” Every person is unique, autonomous and complex. I am a psychotherapist who values the willingness it takes for clients to engage in self-exploration.
Therapy is not a “one-size fits all!” Every person is unique, autonomous and complex. I am a psychotherapist who values the willingness it takes for clients to engage in self-exploration.
(646) 859-0616 View (646) 859-0616
Photo of Stefan Heise, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10009, NY
Stefan Heise
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10009  (Online Only)
Have you felt things should be different in your life? Do you feel like everything you do is just leading you in the wrong direction? Have you felt depressed, anxious, or just generally low energy most of the time? This can be very difficult, and it’s common to feel this way. Unfortunately, many people learn to just brush these feeling aside expecting them to to go away. This can lead to a build up of difficulties, which can cause more frequent episodes and lead to long-term problems. If your goal is to rise above these feelings and thoughts, have you thought about therapy as a solution?
Have you felt things should be different in your life? Do you feel like everything you do is just leading you in the wrong direction? Have you felt depressed, anxious, or just generally low energy most of the time? This can be very difficult, and it’s common to feel this way. Unfortunately, many people learn to just brush these feeling aside expecting them to to go away. This can lead to a build up of difficulties, which can cause more frequent episodes and lead to long-term problems. If your goal is to rise above these feelings and thoughts, have you thought about therapy as a solution?
(646) 736-7352 View (646) 736-7352
Photo of Kristina Jones, Counselor in 10009, NY
Kristina Jones
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10009  (Online Only)
Do you feel like you don’t have a space that is meant for you in this world? You’re an outcast, a weirdo, an “other”. It’s been hard for you to feel like you’re really thriving in life. The majority has never been where you fit in, and that’s fine with you. But you are more than a little tired of being so damn resilient all of the time. It’s exhausting to hold up this mask for so long. So you want to explore deeper within yourself and be true to who you are. The best, realest version of you. Not whoever they say you “should” be.
Do you feel like you don’t have a space that is meant for you in this world? You’re an outcast, a weirdo, an “other”. It’s been hard for you to feel like you’re really thriving in life. The majority has never been where you fit in, and that’s fine with you. But you are more than a little tired of being so damn resilient all of the time. It’s exhausting to hold up this mask for so long. So you want to explore deeper within yourself and be true to who you are. The best, realest version of you. Not whoever they say you “should” be.
(646) 798-5297 View (646) 798-5297

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 10009

200+

Average cost per session

$200

Therapists in 10009 who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
90% Depression
83% Relationship Issues
76% Self Esteem
65% Trauma and PTSD
62% Coping Skills
61% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

74% Aetna
65% Cigna and Evernorth
65% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 10009 see their clients

60% In Person and Online
40% Online Only

Gender breakdown

84% Female
15% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 10009?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.