Photo of Alex Jurgensen, Psychotherapist in RG1, England
Alex Jurgensen
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Hello and welcome! My name is Alex and I offer in-person sessions in Reading (town centre), or online via zoom. I am a fully qualified, BACP-registered, counsellor with a proven track record of helping people work through all kinds of problems. I think that part of the problem we all share is that we grew up in a society that didn't really understand human emotions. Thus, we quickly learned that emotions are a problem and that the only proper way of dealing with them is to shut them off, brush them under the carpet and put on a brave face.
Hello and welcome! My name is Alex and I offer in-person sessions in Reading (town centre), or online via zoom. I am a fully qualified, BACP-registered, counsellor with a proven track record of helping people work through all kinds of problems. I think that part of the problem we all share is that we grew up in a society that didn't really understand human emotions. Thus, we quickly learned that emotions are a problem and that the only proper way of dealing with them is to shut them off, brush them under the carpet and put on a brave face.
01707 245330 View 01707 245330
Photo of Kayleigh Rainbird in RG1, England
Kayleigh Rainbird
PTUK
Verified Verified
I am a therapist who has a holistic approach to helping children to heal by supporting both parents and their children . Through my work I have noticed that children with low confidence and low self-esteem can express this through becoming withdrawn and avoidant or becoming angry and controlling. Parents come to me and tell me their child always wants control or they feel like they are stepping on eggshells when around their child. I offer play therapy, parent coaching, parent-child attachment play and life story therapy which is for fostered or adopted children. Please see rainbirdtherapy.co.uk for more information.
I am a therapist who has a holistic approach to helping children to heal by supporting both parents and their children . Through my work I have noticed that children with low confidence and low self-esteem can express this through becoming withdrawn and avoidant or becoming angry and controlling. Parents come to me and tell me their child always wants control or they feel like they are stepping on eggshells when around their child. I offer play therapy, parent coaching, parent-child attachment play and life story therapy which is for fostered or adopted children. Please see rainbirdtherapy.co.uk for more information.
01256 591396 View 01256 591396
Photo of Dr Anna Norris - Clinical Psychologist; Hcpc; Bps, Psychologist in RG1, England
Dr Anna Norris - Clinical Psychologist; Hcpc; Bps
Psychologist, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Reading RG1  (Online Only)
I am a Clinical Psychologist, registered with the HCPC (Health and Care Professions Council), and a chartered member and associate fellow of the BPS (British Psychological Society). I have over 20 years of experience of working with a wide range of presenting difficulties, including anxiety, burnout and work-related stress, depression, low self-esteem, emotion regulation difficulties, ADHD, trauma and PTSD and relationship difficulties. I have worked in a number of NHS services and settings over the years, working directly with clients with longstanding difficulties, in addition to offering consultation, supervision and training.
I am a Clinical Psychologist, registered with the HCPC (Health and Care Professions Council), and a chartered member and associate fellow of the BPS (British Psychological Society). I have over 20 years of experience of working with a wide range of presenting difficulties, including anxiety, burnout and work-related stress, depression, low self-esteem, emotion regulation difficulties, ADHD, trauma and PTSD and relationship difficulties. I have worked in a number of NHS services and settings over the years, working directly with clients with longstanding difficulties, in addition to offering consultation, supervision and training.
0118 230 0342 View 0118 230 0342
Photo of Kate Walker, Counsellor in RG1, England
Kate Walker
Counsellor, MSc, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Welcome to my profile. It may be daunting to first reach out for therapy but I can assure you, you are taking the right steps to feeling better, managing your symptoms and moving forwards with all aspects of your daily life. Life can be difficult and we all experience challenges with our mental, physical or emotional health. Through exploration together in a safe environment, we can uncover difficulties and start to make valuable discoveries and positive changes.
Welcome to my profile. It may be daunting to first reach out for therapy but I can assure you, you are taking the right steps to feeling better, managing your symptoms and moving forwards with all aspects of your daily life. Life can be difficult and we all experience challenges with our mental, physical or emotional health. Through exploration together in a safe environment, we can uncover difficulties and start to make valuable discoveries and positive changes.
0118 230 2004 View 0118 230 2004
Photo of Susie Bradforth, Counsellor in RG1, England
Susie Bradforth
Counsellor, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
Do you feel that your needs aren’t being acknowledged, let alone met; that no one really listens to you? Perhaps you feel worthless, or you are unsure where to turn for unbiased support? Maybe you are really tired of the challenges of life and need a space to work through your thoughts. Or facing a life changing event and need the strength to move through it? Do you feel you have 'lost' who you truly are? We can work together to process these feelings and grow your awareness of potentially different choices moving forward. Counselling is an opportunity to regain control of your life and feel more confident in your skin.
Do you feel that your needs aren’t being acknowledged, let alone met; that no one really listens to you? Perhaps you feel worthless, or you are unsure where to turn for unbiased support? Maybe you are really tired of the challenges of life and need a space to work through your thoughts. Or facing a life changing event and need the strength to move through it? Do you feel you have 'lost' who you truly are? We can work together to process these feelings and grow your awareness of potentially different choices moving forward. Counselling is an opportunity to regain control of your life and feel more confident in your skin.
0118 230 4941 View 0118 230 4941
Photo of James Carthew, Counsellor in RG1, England
James Carthew
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Life can feel difficult, and we might not even know why. It can be helpful to work through our feelings in a safe, confidential, and supportive therapeutic relationship. I believe the answers are in us as individuals, and that we also benefit from being alongside someone as we explore our thoughts and feelings, and get a deeper understanding of ourselves.
Life can feel difficult, and we might not even know why. It can be helpful to work through our feelings in a safe, confidential, and supportive therapeutic relationship. I believe the answers are in us as individuals, and that we also benefit from being alongside someone as we explore our thoughts and feelings, and get a deeper understanding of ourselves.
0118 230 0185 View 0118 230 0185
Photo of Evolve Coaching & Psychotherapy, Psychotherapist in RG1, England
Evolve Coaching & Psychotherapy
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Clients that come to me often want to feel more resilient to stress, reduce or eliminate anxiety or panic, process trauma, improve breathing difficulties, boost physical & mental health or improve sports performance .
Clients that come to me often want to feel more resilient to stress, reduce or eliminate anxiety or panic, process trauma, improve breathing difficulties, boost physical & mental health or improve sports performance .
0118 230 8540 View 0118 230 8540
Photo of Lisa Bruton, Psychotherapist in RG1, England
Lisa Bruton
Psychotherapist, MA, MUKCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Perhaps you are grappling with something very specific - a bereavement, problems at work or in your relationship, addictive behaviours - or perhaps you are feeling depressed, uneasy, short-tempered and you don’t know why. Perhaps you are a couple looking to improve your relationship and communicate better. I offer a safe space where you can gain reflection on your problems and find better ways of coping. I am an empathetic, skilled, relational therapist with over 12 years of experience in the field of psychotherapy and counselling, with work including the NHS, the Metropolitan Police, Reading University and the Mindful Project.
Perhaps you are grappling with something very specific - a bereavement, problems at work or in your relationship, addictive behaviours - or perhaps you are feeling depressed, uneasy, short-tempered and you don’t know why. Perhaps you are a couple looking to improve your relationship and communicate better. I offer a safe space where you can gain reflection on your problems and find better ways of coping. I am an empathetic, skilled, relational therapist with over 12 years of experience in the field of psychotherapy and counselling, with work including the NHS, the Metropolitan Police, Reading University and the Mindful Project.
0118 230 8562 View 0118 230 8562
Photo of Kelly Dodd, Counsellor in RG1, England
Kelly Dodd
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Are thoughts and emotions impacting your life, causing anxiety, stress, or low self-esteem? Finding the right therapist is so important, but I understand it isn't easy and can add to anxiety, especially if seeking help for the first time. I'm a qualified Integrative Counsellor working with teenagers and adults. I offer a space to reflect on your concerns and explore the changes you would like to make. I currently help clients to overcome and manage stress, anxiety, and depression, while also addressing life changes, trauma, relationship difficulties, and low self-esteem.
Are thoughts and emotions impacting your life, causing anxiety, stress, or low self-esteem? Finding the right therapist is so important, but I understand it isn't easy and can add to anxiety, especially if seeking help for the first time. I'm a qualified Integrative Counsellor working with teenagers and adults. I offer a space to reflect on your concerns and explore the changes you would like to make. I currently help clients to overcome and manage stress, anxiety, and depression, while also addressing life changes, trauma, relationship difficulties, and low self-esteem.
0118 230 5732 View 0118 230 5732
Photo of Toni Doyle, Psychologist in RG1, England
Toni Doyle
Psychologist, MSc, HCPC - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
My name is Toni and I am an HPCP Registered and BPS Chartered Counselling Psychologist working in Reading, Berkshire and online. In addition to my private practice, I worked in the NHS for over fifteen years where I gained experience working with adults and elders who struggled with a wide variety of issues including anxiety and panic, depression, stress, trauma, psychosis, substance misuse, bereavement, domestic violence, rape, personality issues, self-harm and suicidality. The knowledge and the experience I gained throughout the years enables me to adapt my approach to suit the needs of each individual that I meet.
My name is Toni and I am an HPCP Registered and BPS Chartered Counselling Psychologist working in Reading, Berkshire and online. In addition to my private practice, I worked in the NHS for over fifteen years where I gained experience working with adults and elders who struggled with a wide variety of issues including anxiety and panic, depression, stress, trauma, psychosis, substance misuse, bereavement, domestic violence, rape, personality issues, self-harm and suicidality. The knowledge and the experience I gained throughout the years enables me to adapt my approach to suit the needs of each individual that I meet.
020 3870 3920 View 020 3870 3920
Photo of Craig Everard, Counsellor in RG1, England
Craig Everard
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
I am qualified TA Psychotherapeutic Counsellor with 3 years formal training in Transactional Analysis Psychotherapy. I have also worked for 3 years in a Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit working with individuals struggling with acute mental health conditions. Whether it’s wanting to understand yourself better or Life has thrown you one of its many curveballs, it’s okay to be overwhelmed by it. I hold the belief that everyone is OK and that the relationship built between Therapist and Client holds the key to creating change for the better. I want to help give you back your power to control and enjoy your life to its fullest.
I am qualified TA Psychotherapeutic Counsellor with 3 years formal training in Transactional Analysis Psychotherapy. I have also worked for 3 years in a Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit working with individuals struggling with acute mental health conditions. Whether it’s wanting to understand yourself better or Life has thrown you one of its many curveballs, it’s okay to be overwhelmed by it. I hold the belief that everyone is OK and that the relationship built between Therapist and Client holds the key to creating change for the better. I want to help give you back your power to control and enjoy your life to its fullest.
01753 251599 View 01753 251599
Photo of Penny Wenham, Counsellor in RG1, England
Penny Wenham
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Hello. I'm Penny and I offer short or long-term therapy with an integrative approach. Is there something that is troubling you? Something you’d like to talk through, but with someone outside of family or friends? Perhaps you’re asking yourself some questions about who you are, what is going on in your life, or about the relationships you have? Maybe your feelings seem overwhelming, or you can’t identify what emotions you’re experiencing? Whatever issue you’d like to bring to counselling it is my hope that you will find some clarity and peace
Hello. I'm Penny and I offer short or long-term therapy with an integrative approach. Is there something that is troubling you? Something you’d like to talk through, but with someone outside of family or friends? Perhaps you’re asking yourself some questions about who you are, what is going on in your life, or about the relationships you have? Maybe your feelings seem overwhelming, or you can’t identify what emotions you’re experiencing? Whatever issue you’d like to bring to counselling it is my hope that you will find some clarity and peace
0118 324 0722 View 0118 324 0722
Photo of Richard James Kelly, Psychotherapist in RG1, England
Richard James Kelly
Psychotherapist, MSc, BPC
Verified Verified
I am a Psychodynamic Psychotherapist working with adults in private practice as well as in an NHS Complex Needs department. I have around ten years of experience in NHS mental health services, including inpatient units, child and adolescent (CAMHS) specialist community services, adult psychological therapy teams and crisis resolution community services. I have previously been involved in research and auditing on the effectiveness and outcomes of psychological therapies in collaboration with the Child Outcomes Research Consortium (CORC) and the Anna Freud Centre.
I am a Psychodynamic Psychotherapist working with adults in private practice as well as in an NHS Complex Needs department. I have around ten years of experience in NHS mental health services, including inpatient units, child and adolescent (CAMHS) specialist community services, adult psychological therapy teams and crisis resolution community services. I have previously been involved in research and auditing on the effectiveness and outcomes of psychological therapies in collaboration with the Child Outcomes Research Consortium (CORC) and the Anna Freud Centre.
07301 205990 View 07301 205990
Photo of Brighter Life Therapy, Psychotherapist in RG1, England
Brighter Life Therapy
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Reading RG1  (Online Only)
How are you feeling? If you are feeling really low, anxious or lacking confidence, you are not alone. My team and I can help using Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and psychotherapy to make you feel yourself again. We can help with depression, anxiety and stress. We support children, adolescents and adults. We have a lot of experience working with autistic clients, clients with health conditions, people who have a twin, and those from a South African or South Asian/Indian backgrounds. It’s so important to find a therapist that you can trust and open up to, so we work hard to create a non-judgemental, confidential and safe space.
How are you feeling? If you are feeling really low, anxious or lacking confidence, you are not alone. My team and I can help using Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and psychotherapy to make you feel yourself again. We can help with depression, anxiety and stress. We support children, adolescents and adults. We have a lot of experience working with autistic clients, clients with health conditions, people who have a twin, and those from a South African or South Asian/Indian backgrounds. It’s so important to find a therapist that you can trust and open up to, so we work hard to create a non-judgemental, confidential and safe space.
View
Photo of Sonia Diane, Counsellor in RG1, England
Sonia Diane
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Reading RG1  (Online Only)
I am a licensed, registered Counsellor with the BACP and have been practicing online since the beginning of lockdown. Previous to that I worked with clients face to face. Having worked with clients who have various different issues including relationship problems, low self esteem, trouble in dealing with emotions, fear of rejection, and more. I have the experience in lots of different issues but realise that everyone is an individual and deals with things in different ways so there is no 'one size fits all' . You are the expert on you, so I shall sit with you and support you in your quest to find a solution.
I am a licensed, registered Counsellor with the BACP and have been practicing online since the beginning of lockdown. Previous to that I worked with clients face to face. Having worked with clients who have various different issues including relationship problems, low self esteem, trouble in dealing with emotions, fear of rejection, and more. I have the experience in lots of different issues but realise that everyone is an individual and deals with things in different ways so there is no 'one size fits all' . You are the expert on you, so I shall sit with you and support you in your quest to find a solution.
0118 338 5048 View 0118 338 5048
Photo of Rob Palterman, Counsellor in RG1, England
Rob Palterman
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Not accepting new clients
Sometimes we feel overwhelmed by life,  feelings of anxiety and depression disrupting our wellbeing, making us feel less than acceptable to ourselves and others.  Difficult or traumatising experiences in the past can leave us feeling stuck, alone, fearful or angry. We might be stuck in a flight/flight/freeze response blighting our ability to be in the present moment unable to lean into the people in our lives. Safely speak your truth, express you deepest feelings, learn about yourself in a safe therapeutic space where you could explore these experiences transmut trauma into wisdom and become nearer to being your best self.
Sometimes we feel overwhelmed by life,  feelings of anxiety and depression disrupting our wellbeing, making us feel less than acceptable to ourselves and others.  Difficult or traumatising experiences in the past can leave us feeling stuck, alone, fearful or angry. We might be stuck in a flight/flight/freeze response blighting our ability to be in the present moment unable to lean into the people in our lives. Safely speak your truth, express you deepest feelings, learn about yourself in a safe therapeutic space where you could explore these experiences transmut trauma into wisdom and become nearer to being your best self.
0118 230 2064 View 0118 230 2064
Photo of Paul Hughes, Psychotherapist in RG1, England
Paul Hughes
Psychotherapist, MUKCP
Verified Verified
I see clients from across all ages, ethnicities and with an extremely wide range of issues. I help clients to come to grips with substance abuse, depression, all forms of anxiety and much more besides. I help my clients to summon the strength to put their issues behind them. I help them to find new ways of feeling, thinking and behaving. Whatever their goals might be, I help them to realise that they're strong enough, good enough and able to achieve them. I particularly specialise in working with clients on the high functioning end of the autistic spectrum.
I see clients from across all ages, ethnicities and with an extremely wide range of issues. I help clients to come to grips with substance abuse, depression, all forms of anxiety and much more besides. I help my clients to summon the strength to put their issues behind them. I help them to find new ways of feeling, thinking and behaving. Whatever their goals might be, I help them to realise that they're strong enough, good enough and able to achieve them. I particularly specialise in working with clients on the high functioning end of the autistic spectrum.
0118 207 2581 View 0118 207 2581
Photo of Emma Bollan, Counsellor in RG1, England
Emma Bollan
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
I believe that at times, we all struggle with life difficulties and need someone who understand and sees us. There can be huge barriers to fairness in our society and this, along with the pressures of relationships, social media, work and expectations of others, can reduce our ability to cope alone. I believe that counselling can play a key role in helping us navigate these difficulties and face the future with a little more optimism.
I believe that at times, we all struggle with life difficulties and need someone who understand and sees us. There can be huge barriers to fairness in our society and this, along with the pressures of relationships, social media, work and expectations of others, can reduce our ability to cope alone. I believe that counselling can play a key role in helping us navigate these difficulties and face the future with a little more optimism.
01844 393764 View 01844 393764
Photo of Kam Gillar, Psychotherapist in RG1, England
Kam Gillar
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Is there something in your life you want to change? Do you feel lost, unable to get on with your life? Are you looking to conquer a fear, break a habit, make a change in your life or simply want to manage the stresses of everyday living. Take a look at my website and make the first step in creating the positive changes you want in your life. Given the current COVID - 19 situation and also our busy lives and hectic schedules I offer confidential online therapy using Skype or Zoom. I am also seeing clients face to face both in my Reading and London locations.
Is there something in your life you want to change? Do you feel lost, unable to get on with your life? Are you looking to conquer a fear, break a habit, make a change in your life or simply want to manage the stresses of everyday living. Take a look at my website and make the first step in creating the positive changes you want in your life. Given the current COVID - 19 situation and also our busy lives and hectic schedules I offer confidential online therapy using Skype or Zoom. I am also seeing clients face to face both in my Reading and London locations.
0118 214 8648 View 0118 214 8648
Photo of Helma Marlow, Counsellor in RG1, England
Helma Marlow
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Individual and Couple's Counsellor. Are you feeling depressed, anxious or stressed? Do you have low self esteem? Do you have communication problems in your marriage/other relationships? Is your head full of negative or unhelpful thoughts? Do you need help in making adjustments? These are things I can help you with.. Taking the first step in reaching out for help is often daunting, but I will be there to support you. Counselling can lead to exploring other options and choices in your life, whilst rediscovering your unique qualities, and who you really are. I find my clients notice improvements in their lives after a few sessions.
Individual and Couple's Counsellor. Are you feeling depressed, anxious or stressed? Do you have low self esteem? Do you have communication problems in your marriage/other relationships? Is your head full of negative or unhelpful thoughts? Do you need help in making adjustments? These are things I can help you with.. Taking the first step in reaching out for help is often daunting, but I will be there to support you. Counselling can lead to exploring other options and choices in your life, whilst rediscovering your unique qualities, and who you really are. I find my clients notice improvements in their lives after a few sessions.
020 3984 7834 View 020 3984 7834

See more therapy options for RG1

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in RG1

100+

Average cost per session

£70

Counsellors in RG1 who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
93% Self Esteem
86% Depression
83% Stress
79% Relationship Issues
72% Trauma and PTSD
64% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

68% Aviva
63% AXA PPP
53% Vitality

How Counsellors in RG1 see their clients

83% In Person and Online
17% Online Only

Gender breakdown

82% Female
17% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in RG1?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.