Counselling in Broadstairs

Photo of Zoe Walters, Counsellor in Broadstairs, England
Zoe Walters
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Broadstairs CT10
Counselling for Adults, Children & Adolescents People come to me with various worries or concerns and each issue is 'individual & personal' and can cross over many different headings over a period of time, and I have listed a few for you to consider, however, it may be easier to call me and discuss a way forward, I understand how daunting it will be just looking at this website, this is the first step in your journey'.
Counselling for Adults, Children & Adolescents People come to me with various worries or concerns and each issue is 'individual & personal' and can cross over many different headings over a period of time, and I have listed a few for you to consider, however, it may be easier to call me and discuss a way forward, I understand how daunting it will be just looking at this website, this is the first step in your journey'.
01843 268791 View 01843 268791
Photo of Kertland Counselling, Psychotherapist in Broadstairs, England
Kertland Counselling
Psychotherapist, BACP
Verified Verified
Broadstairs CT10
Helping others in my passion and mission. I believe it’s vital to look at each person as an individual. We are all unique and have the ability to discover our best selves, even if life’s difficulties or traumas have got in the way. It’s a journey and it’s possible.
Helping others in my passion and mission. I believe it’s vital to look at each person as an individual. We are all unique and have the ability to discover our best selves, even if life’s difficulties or traumas have got in the way. It’s a journey and it’s possible.
01843 264701 View 01843 264701
Photo of Beverley Liffen-Latter, Counsellor in Broadstairs, England
Beverley Liffen-Latter
Counsellor
Not Verified Not Verified
Broadstairs CT10
Whatever is troubling you, counselling can help. Together we can work through your challenges and issues, find a way to make sense of any difficulties you face. My name is Beverley and I am a qualified counsellor with experience of counselling adults, children and adolescents. Deciding to begin counselling can be a challenging and emotional experience. You are more than welcome to contact me if you have any questions.
Whatever is troubling you, counselling can help. Together we can work through your challenges and issues, find a way to make sense of any difficulties you face. My name is Beverley and I am a qualified counsellor with experience of counselling adults, children and adolescents. Deciding to begin counselling can be a challenging and emotional experience. You are more than welcome to contact me if you have any questions.
01843 264804 View 01843 264804
Photo of Andrew John Matthews, Psychotherapist in Broadstairs, England
Andrew John Matthews
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Broadstairs CT10
I am a highly experienced BACP-Accredited therapist with a master's degree in Integrative Counselling & Psychotherapy. My private practice based in Broadstairs continues my work in London helping people overcome difficult and challenging situations. Whether your concern is recent, long-standing or an isolated event, I offer a confidential and non-judgemental environment where you are free to be yourself and express your genuine thoughts.​​
I am a highly experienced BACP-Accredited therapist with a master's degree in Integrative Counselling & Psychotherapy. My private practice based in Broadstairs continues my work in London helping people overcome difficult and challenging situations. Whether your concern is recent, long-standing or an isolated event, I offer a confidential and non-judgemental environment where you are free to be yourself and express your genuine thoughts.​​
01843 264697 View 01843 264697
Photo of Nick Kerry Psychotherapy Services, Psychotherapist in Broadstairs, England
Nick Kerry Psychotherapy Services
Psychotherapist, MSc, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Broadstairs CT10
I am a fully qualified Psychotherapist and Counsellor. My clinical practice is flexible, and hopes to meet the different needs of individuals, couples and families on both a short and long-term basis. I work within an integrative model which is informed by psychodynamic and systemic models. I work with CBT as and when required. My practice has been running for over ten years, helping many people through very difficult emotional and psychological periods of their lives - including; anxiety; depression; relationship difficulties and childhood related traumas. I am also a specialist in substance addiction.
I am a fully qualified Psychotherapist and Counsellor. My clinical practice is flexible, and hopes to meet the different needs of individuals, couples and families on both a short and long-term basis. I work within an integrative model which is informed by psychodynamic and systemic models. I work with CBT as and when required. My practice has been running for over ten years, helping many people through very difficult emotional and psychological periods of their lives - including; anxiety; depression; relationship difficulties and childhood related traumas. I am also a specialist in substance addiction.
07723 468787 View 07723 468787
Photo of Sophie Anne Ward, Counsellor in Broadstairs, England
Sophie Anne Ward
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Broadstairs CT10
Hello and Welcome! - I'm Sophie, a qualified counsellor with experience of counselling adults and young people. Deciding to begin counselling can be a challenging, emotional experience, and finding the right counsellor can be just as tricky. You're welcome to contact me if you have any questions. - I'd be happy to answer them. As a counsellor, I'm passionate about hearing others' stories, supporting them through their emotions and thoughts, and helping them to process and heal from their experiences. Areas I cover include; Anxiety and Depression, Stress, Relationships, Loneliness, LGBTQ+ related matters, and many other areas.
Hello and Welcome! - I'm Sophie, a qualified counsellor with experience of counselling adults and young people. Deciding to begin counselling can be a challenging, emotional experience, and finding the right counsellor can be just as tricky. You're welcome to contact me if you have any questions. - I'd be happy to answer them. As a counsellor, I'm passionate about hearing others' stories, supporting them through their emotions and thoughts, and helping them to process and heal from their experiences. Areas I cover include; Anxiety and Depression, Stress, Relationships, Loneliness, LGBTQ+ related matters, and many other areas.
01843 264876 View 01843 264876
Photo of Laura McCarthy, Psychotherapist in Broadstairs, England
Laura McCarthy
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Broadstairs CT10
Feeling anxious, angry, or depressed? Experiencing relationship issues? If life feels overwhelming or if something just doesn't feel right, therapy offers a safe space to be heard, supported, and understood. Whether navigating relationship challenges or seeking clarity on personal issues, therapy can provide guidance and support. With an MSc in Transactional Analysis, I advocate for inclusive and safe counselling practices.
Feeling anxious, angry, or depressed? Experiencing relationship issues? If life feels overwhelming or if something just doesn't feel right, therapy offers a safe space to be heard, supported, and understood. Whether navigating relationship challenges or seeking clarity on personal issues, therapy can provide guidance and support. With an MSc in Transactional Analysis, I advocate for inclusive and safe counselling practices.
01285 708204 View 01285 708204
Photo of Mabelle Peñalver, Counsellor in Broadstairs, England
Mabelle Peñalver
Counsellor, PsychD, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Broadstairs CT10
Counselling is all about listening, sometimes to what is not even being said. As a counsellor I have no agenda except your welfare, development and insight, to help you find the path which best suits you. Crucial to this is developing a trusting, consistent relationship within which we can explore far and wide, whilst remaining safe and contained. I am a Registered MBACP counsellor with years of experience in clinical work in community services, GP surgeries and private practice. Talking therapy is nothing new, it helps, it can change lives and transform individuals.
Counselling is all about listening, sometimes to what is not even being said. As a counsellor I have no agenda except your welfare, development and insight, to help you find the path which best suits you. Crucial to this is developing a trusting, consistent relationship within which we can explore far and wide, whilst remaining safe and contained. I am a Registered MBACP counsellor with years of experience in clinical work in community services, GP surgeries and private practice. Talking therapy is nothing new, it helps, it can change lives and transform individuals.
07723 436203 View 07723 436203
Photo of Christine Smith, Psychotherapist in Broadstairs, England
Christine Smith
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Broadstairs CT10
Hello and welcome. Finding the right therapist can feel a bit challenging and I would encourage always to try a few different ones before you decide. You are welcome to contact me to ask any questions that you may have by email or text is the best way to do this and from there we can arrange to speak on the phone at a time that suits you. I have been coaching clients for the last 16 years. My clients have described me as easy to talk to and relaxed, though I do offer a free assessment which is a two-way meeting to see how we get along, so you can dip your toe in the counselling/therapy water with no obligation.
Hello and welcome. Finding the right therapist can feel a bit challenging and I would encourage always to try a few different ones before you decide. You are welcome to contact me to ask any questions that you may have by email or text is the best way to do this and from there we can arrange to speak on the phone at a time that suits you. I have been coaching clients for the last 16 years. My clients have described me as easy to talk to and relaxed, though I do offer a free assessment which is a two-way meeting to see how we get along, so you can dip your toe in the counselling/therapy water with no obligation.
07480 788358 View 07480 788358
Photo of Michelle Painter, Psychologist in Broadstairs, England
Michelle Painter
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Broadstairs CT10
I am a compassionate and approachable Consultant Clinical Psychologist with over 30 years’ experience of working in mental health, both in the NHS and in private practice. I work with adolescents and adults who are seeking expert psychological assessment and therapy for a wide range of mental health difficulties (e.g.anxiety, depression, stress, panic attacks, low self-esteem, relationship problems, bullying, OCD, psychosis, bipolar disorder, self-harm, regulation of emotions, trauma or stemming from being autistic or having difficulties with attention, organisation and/or hyperactivity (ADHD). I also provide adult ADHD assessments.
I am a compassionate and approachable Consultant Clinical Psychologist with over 30 years’ experience of working in mental health, both in the NHS and in private practice. I work with adolescents and adults who are seeking expert psychological assessment and therapy for a wide range of mental health difficulties (e.g.anxiety, depression, stress, panic attacks, low self-esteem, relationship problems, bullying, OCD, psychosis, bipolar disorder, self-harm, regulation of emotions, trauma or stemming from being autistic or having difficulties with attention, organisation and/or hyperactivity (ADHD). I also provide adult ADHD assessments.
01843 265423 View 01843 265423
Photo of Angelo Williams, Counsellor in Broadstairs, England
Angelo Williams
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Broadstairs CT10
I am a qualified counsellor with extensive experience working with people struggling with PTSD, OCD, General Anxiety Disorder, panic disorder, low self-esteem and relationship difficulties. Counselling can help people in distress and lead to changes in the way they see themselves and feel about their situation. Counselling however is not just for crisis, so I am also open to working with people who want to access counselling as part of personal development. I will be able to help you recognise and acknowledge underlying feelings, makes sense of them and draw on any new meanings which emerge to make positive changes in your life.
I am a qualified counsellor with extensive experience working with people struggling with PTSD, OCD, General Anxiety Disorder, panic disorder, low self-esteem and relationship difficulties. Counselling can help people in distress and lead to changes in the way they see themselves and feel about their situation. Counselling however is not just for crisis, so I am also open to working with people who want to access counselling as part of personal development. I will be able to help you recognise and acknowledge underlying feelings, makes sense of them and draw on any new meanings which emerge to make positive changes in your life.
01843 264845 View 01843 264845
Photo of Tracey Cooke, Counsellor in Broadstairs, England
Tracey Cooke
Counsellor, MSc, COSRT Accred
Verified Verified
Broadstairs CT10
Relationships can at times be a great source of distress and anxiety; sometimes it’s easy to feel stuck and unable to move forwards. You may be having difficulties with communication, infidelity, intimacy, sexual difficulties, or perhaps you just can’t seem to get along anymore and you’re not sure why. Whether you are experiencing difficulties within your relationship, or find it difficult to form lasting relationships, counselling can give you the space you need to explore and understand these issues. I offer sex therapy and relationship/couple counselling from my base in Canterbury (Kent) and online.
Relationships can at times be a great source of distress and anxiety; sometimes it’s easy to feel stuck and unable to move forwards. You may be having difficulties with communication, infidelity, intimacy, sexual difficulties, or perhaps you just can’t seem to get along anymore and you’re not sure why. Whether you are experiencing difficulties within your relationship, or find it difficult to form lasting relationships, counselling can give you the space you need to explore and understand these issues. I offer sex therapy and relationship/couple counselling from my base in Canterbury (Kent) and online.
01227 204207 View 01227 204207
Photo of Jill Hanney, Psychotherapist in Broadstairs, England
Jill Hanney
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Broadstairs CT10
Life can often present us with some difficult and painful challenges. How we respond to these challenges, will vary according to our life experiences, especially our early childhood experiences. Having the time and space to untangle and make sense of our past and it’s impact on our present, will help us move out of unhelpful thinking styles, help us move from being stuck in negative relationships and also help find ways to make the changes necessary in our lives. However, on occasion when the source of a persons difficulty is linked with traumatic experiences, then a more specialised trauma focused approach is required.
Life can often present us with some difficult and painful challenges. How we respond to these challenges, will vary according to our life experiences, especially our early childhood experiences. Having the time and space to untangle and make sense of our past and it’s impact on our present, will help us move out of unhelpful thinking styles, help us move from being stuck in negative relationships and also help find ways to make the changes necessary in our lives. However, on occasion when the source of a persons difficulty is linked with traumatic experiences, then a more specialised trauma focused approach is required.
07540 610855 View 07540 610855
Photo of Emma Wilson, Counsellor in Broadstairs, England
Emma Wilson
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Broadstairs CT10
Hi, I’m Emma and I understand life can be challenging, confusing, overwhelming, stressful and often very difficult at times. Sometimes life can just get on top of us, and sometimes something happens to trigger us. Either way, you don’t have to manage this on your own. I understand that coping with the pressures of daily life alongside your own internal struggles can be difficult. I can help you to work through your thoughts, feelings, behaviours and emotions; to help you make sense of your world. I use an integrative approach, I use a range of methods to assist me in my practice, selecting those which are best suited for you.
Hi, I’m Emma and I understand life can be challenging, confusing, overwhelming, stressful and often very difficult at times. Sometimes life can just get on top of us, and sometimes something happens to trigger us. Either way, you don’t have to manage this on your own. I understand that coping with the pressures of daily life alongside your own internal struggles can be difficult. I can help you to work through your thoughts, feelings, behaviours and emotions; to help you make sense of your world. I use an integrative approach, I use a range of methods to assist me in my practice, selecting those which are best suited for you.
01227 532712 View 01227 532712
Photo of Ashleigh Francis, Counsellor in Broadstairs, England
Ashleigh Francis
Counsellor, MSc, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Broadstairs CT10
Hello, my name is Ashleigh and I'm an integrative counsellor. My passion is empowering people to find peace with their past and navigate life's challenges in the present. I believe in the power of the therapeutic relationship to foster real change and give you back ownership of your life. Counselling can help you work through anything that may be troubling you, voice your worries and provide a safe space to explore difficult issues. It can feel daunting taking the first step on your counselling journey but I am here to guide you through the process and work at a pace you feel comfortable with.
Hello, my name is Ashleigh and I'm an integrative counsellor. My passion is empowering people to find peace with their past and navigate life's challenges in the present. I believe in the power of the therapeutic relationship to foster real change and give you back ownership of your life. Counselling can help you work through anything that may be troubling you, voice your worries and provide a safe space to explore difficult issues. It can feel daunting taking the first step on your counselling journey but I am here to guide you through the process and work at a pace you feel comfortable with.
01843 265352 View 01843 265352
Photo of Vela Robinson, Counsellor in Broadstairs, England
Vela Robinson
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
Broadstairs CT10
We all face times in our lives when we feel lost, anxious, and overwhelmed. We may find it hard to get out of bed in the morning, or feel like no-one will understand what we are going through. Sometimes intense memories of a loss or a traumatic event in our past may be hindering us from moving forward, creating painful patterns in our day to day lives. Perhaps we just feel that something is 'off' and sense that we are not living our lives in the most fulfilling and meaningful way possible. I am a qualified Integrative counsellor trained to work with adults and young people, and want to help you find a way forward.
We all face times in our lives when we feel lost, anxious, and overwhelmed. We may find it hard to get out of bed in the morning, or feel like no-one will understand what we are going through. Sometimes intense memories of a loss or a traumatic event in our past may be hindering us from moving forward, creating painful patterns in our day to day lives. Perhaps we just feel that something is 'off' and sense that we are not living our lives in the most fulfilling and meaningful way possible. I am a qualified Integrative counsellor trained to work with adults and young people, and want to help you find a way forward.
01843 264703 View 01843 264703
Photo of Isobel Williams, Psychotherapist in Broadstairs, England
Isobel Williams
Psychotherapist, MUKCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Broadstairs CT10
I'm an experienced psychodynamic psychotherapist offering counselling and psychotherapy to adults, and I work with you in a confidential, collaborative and respectful way. As a psychodynamic psychotherapist I don’t give advice. Instead therapy is a place of safety where your difficult feelings and emotions can be explored without judgment, and in complete confidence.
I'm an experienced psychodynamic psychotherapist offering counselling and psychotherapy to adults, and I work with you in a confidential, collaborative and respectful way. As a psychodynamic psychotherapist I don’t give advice. Instead therapy is a place of safety where your difficult feelings and emotions can be explored without judgment, and in complete confidence.
01304 796932 View 01304 796932
Photo of Vivienne Pettman MBACP - Fairwinds Counselling, Counsellor in Broadstairs, England
Vivienne Pettman MBACP - Fairwinds Counselling
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Broadstairs CT10
Hello my names Vivienne I am passionate in helping individuals to feel heard and understood. I help my clients to be able to open up and feel safe to explore thoughts and feelings that have been painful to visit I help clients to be able to express themselves in ways they may not be able to outside of the counselling environment, my clients leave feeling empowered to come back and unpack the things that have been holding them back from making decisions that benefit them and not to please others . Ultimately I want my clients to feel empowered and comfortable to be themselves in a society that demands conformity.
Hello my names Vivienne I am passionate in helping individuals to feel heard and understood. I help my clients to be able to open up and feel safe to explore thoughts and feelings that have been painful to visit I help clients to be able to express themselves in ways they may not be able to outside of the counselling environment, my clients leave feeling empowered to come back and unpack the things that have been holding them back from making decisions that benefit them and not to please others . Ultimately I want my clients to feel empowered and comfortable to be themselves in a society that demands conformity.
01225 431810 View 01225 431810
Photo of Clare Eldred, Psychologist in Broadstairs, England
Clare Eldred
Psychologist, HCPC - Health Psych.
Verified Verified
Broadstairs CT10
Waitlist for new clients
I am a chartered Health Psychologist providing individual therapy to adults in Kent and online. I have many years experience working as a psychologist in the voluntary sector, civil service, NHS and independent practice. I work with a range of therapeutic approaches including Cognitive Behaviour Therapy and Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing.
I am a chartered Health Psychologist providing individual therapy to adults in Kent and online. I have many years experience working as a psychologist in the voluntary sector, civil service, NHS and independent practice. I work with a range of therapeutic approaches including Cognitive Behaviour Therapy and Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing.
01227 931710 View 01227 931710
Photo of Georgette Anderson, Psychotherapist in Broadstairs, England
Georgette Anderson
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Broadstairs CT10  (Online Only)
Welcome to my profile page. I appreciate that taking those first steps to see a therapist can be scary. We may have fears of being judged, concerns that it might not work out, and with so many therapists out there how do we pick the right one?! These are all perfectly normal thoughts and feelings to have. I will provide a non judgmental, safe space to help you explore the relationship between your thoughts, feelings and behaviours, to help you reach your goals. I have over 15 years experience working in mental health and substance misuse services and am fully accredited with the BABCP.
Welcome to my profile page. I appreciate that taking those first steps to see a therapist can be scary. We may have fears of being judged, concerns that it might not work out, and with so many therapists out there how do we pick the right one?! These are all perfectly normal thoughts and feelings to have. I will provide a non judgmental, safe space to help you explore the relationship between your thoughts, feelings and behaviours, to help you reach your goals. I have over 15 years experience working in mental health and substance misuse services and am fully accredited with the BABCP.
01227 532382 View 01227 532382

See more therapy options for Broadstairs

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Broadstairs

20+

Average cost per session

£65

Counsellors in Broadstairs who prioritize treating:

95% Depression
90% Anxiety
86% Self Esteem
81% Relationship Issues
71% Bereavement
71% Trauma and PTSD
71% Stress

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

71% AXA PPP
43% Vitality
43% WPA

How Counsellors in Broadstairs see their clients

96% In Person and Online
4% Online Only

Gender breakdown

81% Female
19% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Broadstairs?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.