Counselling in Greater Melbourne (Metropolitan), VIC

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Photo of Louis Spence, Psychotherapist in Greater Melbourne (Metropolitan), VIC
Louis Spence
Psychotherapist, MA, PACFA
Verified Verified
Brunswick, VIC 3056
Louis is an integrative psychotherapist who offers ongoing individual psychotherapy to people of all kinds. They specialise in working with LGBTQIA+ people and their families, people in non-normative relationships, workers in the sex industry, and others whose experiences of marginalisation have affected their mental health and access to affirmative treatment. They are passionate about exploring the intersections of individual mental health and systemic forces, and helping clients to find congruent and meaningful ways of understanding their experiences and navigating the world.
Louis is an integrative psychotherapist who offers ongoing individual psychotherapy to people of all kinds. They specialise in working with LGBTQIA+ people and their families, people in non-normative relationships, workers in the sex industry, and others whose experiences of marginalisation have affected their mental health and access to affirmative treatment. They are passionate about exploring the intersections of individual mental health and systemic forces, and helping clients to find congruent and meaningful ways of understanding their experiences and navigating the world.
(02) 4504 0330 View (02) 4504 0330
Photo of Pearl Taylor, Psychotherapist in Greater Melbourne (Metropolitan), VIC
Pearl Taylor
Psychotherapist, MA, AThR
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Thornbury, VIC 3071
Maybe you've tried psychology and it didn't get to the heart of what you were going through? maybe you couldn't find words for whats going on, or have often struggled with "just words" in the therapeutic process. Sometimes, with PTSD, BPD, or Identity formation, we need a tangible object to sit with and reflect on. The ideal client to the Thou Art Studio is seeking creative expression, a tangible object for reflecting on, or maybe wanting to push paint around before the words come. Come get messy on the outside to articulate the messy on the inside. Pearl can sit with both messes with you.
Maybe you've tried psychology and it didn't get to the heart of what you were going through? maybe you couldn't find words for whats going on, or have often struggled with "just words" in the therapeutic process. Sometimes, with PTSD, BPD, or Identity formation, we need a tangible object to sit with and reflect on. The ideal client to the Thou Art Studio is seeking creative expression, a tangible object for reflecting on, or maybe wanting to push paint around before the words come. Come get messy on the outside to articulate the messy on the inside. Pearl can sit with both messes with you.
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Photo of Anna Inkster, Counsellor in Greater Melbourne (Metropolitan), VIC
Anna Inkster
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Seddon, VIC 3011
Counselling is a practice that can be very helpful in times of emotional upheaval or periods when our mental health and well-being is suffering. In my practice I take a side by side approach, collaborating with you to explore and discover solutions to issues that are causing blockages and pain. Through working together with me , my clients improve their coping skills, boost self-esteem and achieve much wanted behaviour change, leading to optimal mental health and well-being. I have counselled clients in areas such as anxiety, depression, low -self esteem, loss of direction and family conflict and more.
Counselling is a practice that can be very helpful in times of emotional upheaval or periods when our mental health and well-being is suffering. In my practice I take a side by side approach, collaborating with you to explore and discover solutions to issues that are causing blockages and pain. Through working together with me , my clients improve their coping skills, boost self-esteem and achieve much wanted behaviour change, leading to optimal mental health and well-being. I have counselled clients in areas such as anxiety, depression, low -self esteem, loss of direction and family conflict and more.
(03) 6146 1669 View (03) 6146 1669
Photo of Kim Thomas, Psychologist in Greater Melbourne (Metropolitan), VIC
Kim Thomas
Psychologist, MA, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Rosanna, VIC 3084
Individually tailored sessions to help each person improve their mental health. Flexible, supportive help to grow and change for the better. Kim has worked within the NDIS framework with complex clients and utilises a variety of techniques to give you strategies and insight towards improved mental health. With an interest in trauma, Kim plans to add EMDR training to her skillset this year. As well as rooms and online options, Kim will walk and talk and in some circumstances, travel to clients.
Individually tailored sessions to help each person improve their mental health. Flexible, supportive help to grow and change for the better. Kim has worked within the NDIS framework with complex clients and utilises a variety of techniques to give you strategies and insight towards improved mental health. With an interest in trauma, Kim plans to add EMDR training to her skillset this year. As well as rooms and online options, Kim will walk and talk and in some circumstances, travel to clients.
(03) 8797 2164 View (03) 8797 2164
Photo of Lynn Ng, Psychologist in Greater Melbourne (Metropolitan), VIC
Lynn Ng
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Moorabbin, VIC 3189
I specialise working with neurodivergent individuals and dual/multiple diagnoses. I complete ASD, ADHD, learning and behavioural assessments. I also provide support for parents to understand their children's diagnoses and support their children. I have an extensive experience working with children, adolescents and young adults
I specialise working with neurodivergent individuals and dual/multiple diagnoses. I complete ASD, ADHD, learning and behavioural assessments. I also provide support for parents to understand their children's diagnoses and support their children. I have an extensive experience working with children, adolescents and young adults
(03) 7500 5663 View (03) 7500 5663
Photo of Michael Phung, Psychologist in Greater Melbourne (Metropolitan), VIC
Michael Phung
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Essendon, VIC 3040
Michael carries experience in treating depressive and anxiety disorders. He has special interest in working with Neurodiversities. He is keen to work with clients from across the lifespan. He is also enjoys working with children and families. He likes to take the time to talk with clients and understand their troubles to work together to come up with the best way to meet the client’s needs.
Michael carries experience in treating depressive and anxiety disorders. He has special interest in working with Neurodiversities. He is keen to work with clients from across the lifespan. He is also enjoys working with children and families. He likes to take the time to talk with clients and understand their troubles to work together to come up with the best way to meet the client’s needs.
(03) 8338 4839 View (03) 8338 4839
Photo of Alix Quirke, Psychologist in Greater Melbourne (Metropolitan), VIC
Alix Quirke
Psychologist, PsyBA Prov
Verified Verified
I am a provisional psychologist with prior experience working in community mental health settings working across the lifespan in both private and university settings. I offer an eclectic approach to my therapy and am trained in a number of therapies including Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, Dialectical Behaviour Therapy, Internal Family Systems therapy, Systemic Family Therapies (including EFT-C), and mindfulness based therapies. I can also administer a wide range of psychometric tools for the clinical diagnosis of adults and children.
I am a provisional psychologist with prior experience working in community mental health settings working across the lifespan in both private and university settings. I offer an eclectic approach to my therapy and am trained in a number of therapies including Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, Dialectical Behaviour Therapy, Internal Family Systems therapy, Systemic Family Therapies (including EFT-C), and mindfulness based therapies. I can also administer a wide range of psychometric tools for the clinical diagnosis of adults and children.
(03) 7003 2588 View (03) 7003 2588
Photo of Lotus Mental Health and Wellness, Counsellor in Greater Melbourne (Metropolitan), VIC
Lotus Mental Health and Wellness
Counsellor, MA, Assoc MAPS
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Forest Hill, VIC 3131
I'm a Mental Health Professional dedicated to helping individuals navigate the challenges of life with grace and resilience. You might be facing depression, anxiety, or seeking clarity on your racial identity. Perhaps you're grappling with issues related to coping skills, internet addiction, life transitions, or peer relationships. Whether it's relationship challenges, school stress, low self-esteem, spiritual concerns, sports performance, or the impact of stress on your life, we're here to provide tailored support and guidance.
I'm a Mental Health Professional dedicated to helping individuals navigate the challenges of life with grace and resilience. You might be facing depression, anxiety, or seeking clarity on your racial identity. Perhaps you're grappling with issues related to coping skills, internet addiction, life transitions, or peer relationships. Whether it's relationship challenges, school stress, low self-esteem, spiritual concerns, sports performance, or the impact of stress on your life, we're here to provide tailored support and guidance.
(03) 7500 5019 View (03) 7500 5019
Photo of Elena Manning, Psychologist in Greater Melbourne (Metropolitan), VIC
Elena Manning
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Caulfield North, VIC 3161  (Online Only)
Elena is a registered Psychologist with many years’ experience assisting people manage life stressors and challenges. Elena’s experience stems from years working in various setting to support people struggling with mental health. She utilizes a range of approaches, tailored to meet the individual’s needs, and recognizes that everyone has strengths and capabilities that that can be built on.
Elena is a registered Psychologist with many years’ experience assisting people manage life stressors and challenges. Elena’s experience stems from years working in various setting to support people struggling with mental health. She utilizes a range of approaches, tailored to meet the individual’s needs, and recognizes that everyone has strengths and capabilities that that can be built on.
(03) 9068 5778 View (03) 9068 5778
Photo of Ellie Kras, Psychologist in Greater Melbourne (Metropolitan), VIC
Ellie Kras
Psychologist, MA, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Ellie has experience working with adults and much of her work has involved working with people who are experiencing a range of difficulties such as: addiction, trauma, mood disorders, anxiety, grief and loss, and personality disorders.
Ellie has experience working with adults and much of her work has involved working with people who are experiencing a range of difficulties such as: addiction, trauma, mood disorders, anxiety, grief and loss, and personality disorders.
(03) 7003 2644 View (03) 7003 2644
Photo of Nathan Smith, Counsellor in Greater Melbourne (Metropolitan), VIC
Nathan Smith
Counsellor, MC, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Footscray, VIC 3011
I have a passion for working with young people to empower and support them with their challenges. I also work with people of all ages and gender identities. Whether you are looking for support with anxiety, depression, AOD, relationship issues, or any thing else I'd be happy to help.
I have a passion for working with young people to empower and support them with their challenges. I also work with people of all ages and gender identities. Whether you are looking for support with anxiety, depression, AOD, relationship issues, or any thing else I'd be happy to help.
(03) 8594 4097 View (03) 8594 4097
Photo of Alexa Powell Therapy , Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Greater Melbourne (Metropolitan), VIC
Alexa Powell Therapy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, AMHSW
Verified Verified
Thornbury, VIC 3071  (Online Only)
I approach my work with people in a trauma informed, supportive, empathic and non judgmental way. Building a trusting therapeutic relationship is key to enable you to have a sanctuary for self discovery and connection as we work through life's complexities together. I work with adults of all ages and have extensive experience in grief, loss and trauma, including infertility and perinatal and suicide bereavement. My practice approach is grounded in social work theory and evidence based psychological strategies. I work collaboratively with you to build sustainable skills and approaches to support your mental health into the future.
I approach my work with people in a trauma informed, supportive, empathic and non judgmental way. Building a trusting therapeutic relationship is key to enable you to have a sanctuary for self discovery and connection as we work through life's complexities together. I work with adults of all ages and have extensive experience in grief, loss and trauma, including infertility and perinatal and suicide bereavement. My practice approach is grounded in social work theory and evidence based psychological strategies. I work collaboratively with you to build sustainable skills and approaches to support your mental health into the future.
(03) 8338 1670 View (03) 8338 1670
Photo of Dr Lyndel Cuesta, Psychologist in Greater Melbourne (Metropolitan), VIC
Dr Lyndel Cuesta
Psychologist, PhD, MAPS
Verified Verified
Parkdale, VIC 3195
I enjoy helping young professionals and uni students (aged 21 - 40 years) to gain a greater sense of control over their experience of anxiety and feel more calm more often. Maybe you have always struggled with things like worry, stress, or anxiety. Or maybe this is your first experience of not being able to "fix it" yourself. When we learn how to constructively deal with our mental health challenges, we feel more at ease, more energized, and better able to pursue those things in life that nourish us and bring us joy; enabling us to thrive.
I enjoy helping young professionals and uni students (aged 21 - 40 years) to gain a greater sense of control over their experience of anxiety and feel more calm more often. Maybe you have always struggled with things like worry, stress, or anxiety. Or maybe this is your first experience of not being able to "fix it" yourself. When we learn how to constructively deal with our mental health challenges, we feel more at ease, more energized, and better able to pursue those things in life that nourish us and bring us joy; enabling us to thrive.
0432 662 447 View 0432 662 447
Photo of Mona Gendy, Counsellor in Greater Melbourne (Metropolitan), VIC
Mona Gendy
Counsellor, MA, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
As a counsellor, my desire is to help people by providing a safe environment where they can express their emotions, thoughts, fears, and where they can be open about how they feel. Seeing my clients improving their issues, reaching their goals, overcoming their challenges and obstacles are the most fulfilling things for me as a counsellor. I have lived in different countries and witnessed different backgrounds. My experience counselling people with different issues and conditions taught me how to understand what my clients actually need so I can help as best as I can. Everyone has a unique story and I hope I can create a safe spa
As a counsellor, my desire is to help people by providing a safe environment where they can express their emotions, thoughts, fears, and where they can be open about how they feel. Seeing my clients improving their issues, reaching their goals, overcoming their challenges and obstacles are the most fulfilling things for me as a counsellor. I have lived in different countries and witnessed different backgrounds. My experience counselling people with different issues and conditions taught me how to understand what my clients actually need so I can help as best as I can. Everyone has a unique story and I hope I can create a safe spa
0412 859 950 View 0412 859 950
Photo of Alicia Fisher, Psychologist in Greater Melbourne (Metropolitan), VIC
Alicia Fisher
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Blackburn, VIC 3130
Hi, my name is Alisha, I enjoy working with children, teenagers, and young adults. Much of my work is directed toward Autism, ADHD, and learning difficulties, including tailored psychological assessments and reports for these issues. I also work with people who experience behavioural and social difficulties, low self-esteem, interpersonal difficulties, depression and anxiety disorders such as separation, phobias, and OCD. I will work collaboratively with parents (where relevant), and other professionals to help you find more peace in life and ensure that the best outcomes can be achieved.
Hi, my name is Alisha, I enjoy working with children, teenagers, and young adults. Much of my work is directed toward Autism, ADHD, and learning difficulties, including tailored psychological assessments and reports for these issues. I also work with people who experience behavioural and social difficulties, low self-esteem, interpersonal difficulties, depression and anxiety disorders such as separation, phobias, and OCD. I will work collaboratively with parents (where relevant), and other professionals to help you find more peace in life and ensure that the best outcomes can be achieved.
(03) 7500 5810 View (03) 7500 5810
Photo of Sprout Psychology Melbourne Pty Ltd, Psychologist in Greater Melbourne (Metropolitan), VIC
Sprout Psychology Melbourne Pty Ltd
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Ed. Psych.
Verified Verified
Burwood, VIC 3125
This is an unprecedented time, where many individuals suffer from overwhelming stress and immense feelings of loneliness. Our psychologists provide professional, non-judgemental, client-centred, and holistic treatment to assist clients undergoing difficulties - (Director, Educational and Developmental Psychologist, Sharen Lui)
This is an unprecedented time, where many individuals suffer from overwhelming stress and immense feelings of loneliness. Our psychologists provide professional, non-judgemental, client-centred, and holistic treatment to assist clients undergoing difficulties - (Director, Educational and Developmental Psychologist, Sharen Lui)
(03) 8686 8317 View (03) 8686 8317
Photo of Emotional Health Centre, Psychologist in Greater Melbourne (Metropolitan), VIC
Emotional Health Centre
Psychologist, MPsych, MAPS
Verified Verified
Cheltenham, VIC 3192
“I am passionate about helping people explore and develop new avenues for personal growth and resilience". I support teams and individuals to build their resilience and address issues around workplace culture, relationships, conflict, stress, anxiety and depression, anger, disability, parenting and trauma. I do this with a compassionate, down-to-earth approach. As a workplace trainer for more than 15 years, I’m passionate about building resilience to adversity and change, at home and at work. View my team below :)
“I am passionate about helping people explore and develop new avenues for personal growth and resilience". I support teams and individuals to build their resilience and address issues around workplace culture, relationships, conflict, stress, anxiety and depression, anger, disability, parenting and trauma. I do this with a compassionate, down-to-earth approach. As a workplace trainer for more than 15 years, I’m passionate about building resilience to adversity and change, at home and at work. View my team below :)
(03) 9068 5718 View (03) 9068 5718
Photo of Dr Shalya Hirschson, Psychologist in Greater Melbourne (Metropolitan), VIC
Dr Shalya Hirschson
Psychologist, PhD, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
As a psychologist, I feel privileged, to observe & work with the difficult life experiences, which lead individuals to engage in therapy. I believe that therapy is a form of self-exploration & learning. In sessions, I use safe, containing ways to help clients process their thoughts and feelings, gaining insight and understanding, so that they can navigate the world around them, with a sense of confidence, purpose and hope. I help clients develop skills to manage their discomfort, pain, uncertainty and fear, to facilitate change in their lives and improve their overall sense of well-being.
As a psychologist, I feel privileged, to observe & work with the difficult life experiences, which lead individuals to engage in therapy. I believe that therapy is a form of self-exploration & learning. In sessions, I use safe, containing ways to help clients process their thoughts and feelings, gaining insight and understanding, so that they can navigate the world around them, with a sense of confidence, purpose and hope. I help clients develop skills to manage their discomfort, pain, uncertainty and fear, to facilitate change in their lives and improve their overall sense of well-being.
(03) 9988 1271 View (03) 9988 1271
Photo of Alana Greco - Inspiring Growth Psychology, Psychologist in Greater Melbourne (Metropolitan), VIC
Alana Greco - Inspiring Growth Psychology
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Alana Greco is a Clinical Psychologist specializing in anxiety disorders, perinatal concerns, relationships, and mental well-being. With 14 years of experience, a compassionate approach and extensive therapeutic knowledge, she helps individuals overcome their mental health concerns. Alana's curiosity about the human mind grew from a young age, guiding her decision to pursue psychology. Her academic journey includes undergraduate studies, a Post Graduate Diploma, and a Master's degree in Clinical Psychology. Drawing primarily from cognitive-behavioural, humanistic, and psychodynamic therapies.
Alana Greco is a Clinical Psychologist specializing in anxiety disorders, perinatal concerns, relationships, and mental well-being. With 14 years of experience, a compassionate approach and extensive therapeutic knowledge, she helps individuals overcome their mental health concerns. Alana's curiosity about the human mind grew from a young age, guiding her decision to pursue psychology. Her academic journey includes undergraduate studies, a Post Graduate Diploma, and a Master's degree in Clinical Psychology. Drawing primarily from cognitive-behavioural, humanistic, and psychodynamic therapies.
(03) 8771 4081 View (03) 8771 4081
Photo of Deborah Stahmer, Psychologist in Greater Melbourne (Metropolitan), VIC
Deborah Stahmer
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Doncaster, VIC 3108
I am an experienced psychologist who focuses on building authentic connections with clients, aged 18-65 years, to help them move towards recovery. I offer evidence-based assessment and support for a wide range of mental health concerns including depression, anxiety, stress, perinatal issues, parenting, relationship breakdown, grief and loss, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.
I am an experienced psychologist who focuses on building authentic connections with clients, aged 18-65 years, to help them move towards recovery. I offer evidence-based assessment and support for a wide range of mental health concerns including depression, anxiety, stress, perinatal issues, parenting, relationship breakdown, grief and loss, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.
(03) 8771 4126 View (03) 8771 4126

See more therapy options for Greater Melbourne (Metropolitan)

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Greater Melbourne (Metropolitan), VIC

1,000+

Average cost per session

$180

Counsellors in Greater Melbourne (Metropolitan), VIC who prioritize treating:

89% Anxiety
83% Depression
77% Stress
76% Self Esteem
73% Relationship Issues
67% Trauma and PTSD
60% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

72% Medicare Rebates
48% Bupa
40% Medibank Private

How Counsellors in Greater Melbourne (Metropolitan), VIC see their clients

87% In Person and Online
13% Online Only

Gender breakdown

78% Female
21% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Greater Melbourne (Metropolitan)?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.