Counselling in Coburg, VIC

Photo of Melbournemindbodypsychology, Psychologist in Coburg, VIC
Melbournemindbodypsychology
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Couns. Psych.
Verified
Coburg, VIC 3058
I enjoy helping people from all walks of life with various presentations including anxiety, depression, addictions, trauma, anger, and PTSD. I utilise a range of therapeutic modalities including CBT, DBT, ACT, whilst incorporating aspects of humanistic and psychodynamic psychotherapy, which I tailor to the individual needs of his clients. I am passionate about helping people navigate life’s challenges by developing an understanding of the connection between their experiences and their learned beliefs and behaviours. Fluent Italian speaker
I enjoy helping people from all walks of life with various presentations including anxiety, depression, addictions, trauma, anger, and PTSD. I utilise a range of therapeutic modalities including CBT, DBT, ACT, whilst incorporating aspects of humanistic and psychodynamic psychotherapy, which I tailor to the individual needs of his clients. I am passionate about helping people navigate life’s challenges by developing an understanding of the connection between their experiences and their learned beliefs and behaviours. Fluent Italian speaker
(03) 7003 2818 View (03) 7003 2818
Photo of Cindy Bridge, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Coburg, VIC
Cindy Bridge
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified
Coburg, VIC 3058
I have worked as a Social Worker and counsellor for 20 years in various settings, including community and the public hospital system. I have specialised in working with unplanned pregnancy, pregnancy loss, interpersonal trauma, mental health issues, particularly anxiety and depression. My approach is strengths-based and person centred, meaning that in working together, we will focus on drawing out your unique strengths and abilities to foster positive change and wellbeing so you can feel more confident to deal with the challenges you face.
I have worked as a Social Worker and counsellor for 20 years in various settings, including community and the public hospital system. I have specialised in working with unplanned pregnancy, pregnancy loss, interpersonal trauma, mental health issues, particularly anxiety and depression. My approach is strengths-based and person centred, meaning that in working together, we will focus on drawing out your unique strengths and abilities to foster positive change and wellbeing so you can feel more confident to deal with the challenges you face.
(03) 8338 4738 View (03) 8338 4738
Photo of Kate Kneipp, Counsellor in Coburg, VIC
Kate Kneipp
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified
Coburg, VIC 3058
I utilise a person-centred approach to help clients adjust to and cope with difficulties that are arising in their life. I believe you are the expert on your own life and I enjoy collaborating with clients to evoke meaningful change. I can assist clients who are experiencing: stress, anxiety, depression, women's health issues (coping with endometriosis, fibroids, fertility and other reproductive health concerns), life transitions, grief and loss, addiction and substance use issues, and relationship concerns.
I utilise a person-centred approach to help clients adjust to and cope with difficulties that are arising in their life. I believe you are the expert on your own life and I enjoy collaborating with clients to evoke meaningful change. I can assist clients who are experiencing: stress, anxiety, depression, women's health issues (coping with endometriosis, fibroids, fertility and other reproductive health concerns), life transitions, grief and loss, addiction and substance use issues, and relationship concerns.
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Photo of Melbourne Mindbody Psychology, Psychologist in Coburg, VIC
Melbourne Mindbody Psychology
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Couns. Psych.
Verified
Coburg, VIC 3058
Learn to let go of the past through Innovative psychology for the mind and body. Using an integrative approach of Acceptance Commitment Therapy, (ACT) Inner child work, and Eye Movement Desensitisation (EMDR) to resolve the past in the present and be free in the future. Erica is also a naturopath and hypnotherapist, working to resolve IBS and physical ailments which are triggered through stress, and nutritional requirements. Naturopathic appointments are separate to psychology appointments. MMBP is a multi-modality clinic that offers additional services for a holistic approach to overall health, melbournemindbodypsychology.com.
Learn to let go of the past through Innovative psychology for the mind and body. Using an integrative approach of Acceptance Commitment Therapy, (ACT) Inner child work, and Eye Movement Desensitisation (EMDR) to resolve the past in the present and be free in the future. Erica is also a naturopath and hypnotherapist, working to resolve IBS and physical ailments which are triggered through stress, and nutritional requirements. Naturopathic appointments are separate to psychology appointments. MMBP is a multi-modality clinic that offers additional services for a holistic approach to overall health, melbournemindbodypsychology.com.
(03) 7003 2894 View (03) 7003 2894
Photo of Guidestar, Psychologist in Coburg, VIC
Guidestar
Psychologist, MAPS
Verified
Coburg, VIC 3058
Psychological counselling focuses on emotional and psychological wellbeing and is designed to help people gain insight, clarity and perspective and find solutions using their own personal strengths. Guidestar provides a safe space for confidential psychology, counselling, assessment and support services for children, adolescents and adults. We are neurodiverse affirming and Rainbow Tick accredited. Our psychologists are registered with the AHPRA and are members of the APS or AAPi. Each psychologist has a different focus and approach; review the profiles of our psychologists on our website.
Psychological counselling focuses on emotional and psychological wellbeing and is designed to help people gain insight, clarity and perspective and find solutions using their own personal strengths. Guidestar provides a safe space for confidential psychology, counselling, assessment and support services for children, adolescents and adults. We are neurodiverse affirming and Rainbow Tick accredited. Our psychologists are registered with the AHPRA and are members of the APS or AAPi. Each psychologist has a different focus and approach; review the profiles of our psychologists on our website.
(03) 9070 5239 View (03) 9070 5239
Photo of Safaa Hakim, Counsellor in Coburg, VIC
Safaa Hakim
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified
Coburg, VIC 3058
I am compassionate about guiding my clients to explore their difficulties and strengthen their emotional wellbeing. I provide specific counselling in the areas of anxiety, stress, depression, and relationships; as well as behavioural and other cognitive issues, offering a wide range of counselling support to meet the needs of clients and an organisation’s employees.
I am compassionate about guiding my clients to explore their difficulties and strengthen their emotional wellbeing. I provide specific counselling in the areas of anxiety, stress, depression, and relationships; as well as behavioural and other cognitive issues, offering a wide range of counselling support to meet the needs of clients and an organisation’s employees.
(03) 9034 5950 View (03) 9034 5950
Photo of Claire Raworth Counselling, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Coburg, VIC
Claire Raworth Counselling
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified
4 Endorsed
Coburg, VIC 3058
I am an empathetic, compassionate and experienced counsellor who utilises a range of evidence-based therapeutic approaches to assist you to make positive changes in your life. I have been a social worker for many years and in that time have provided counselling and support to a wide range of people. I can support you with various issues such as life transitions, work stress, relationship and parenting challenges, grief & loss, anxiety and depression. I am a fully Accredited Mental Health Social Worker and so you can claim a rebate from Medicare for my services of $81.90.
I am an empathetic, compassionate and experienced counsellor who utilises a range of evidence-based therapeutic approaches to assist you to make positive changes in your life. I have been a social worker for many years and in that time have provided counselling and support to a wide range of people. I can support you with various issues such as life transitions, work stress, relationship and parenting challenges, grief & loss, anxiety and depression. I am a fully Accredited Mental Health Social Worker and so you can claim a rebate from Medicare for my services of $81.90.
(03) 8338 4975 View (03) 8338 4975
Anne Robertson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, AASW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Coburg, VIC 3058
I am an Accredited Mental Health Social Worker and Family Therapist . I have been working as a therapist for the last 18 years, however have been in the field for the last 30 years, I have extensive experience working with adults, young people and children and have spent extensive time working in settings including Community Health and Non Government Organisations. I have supported clients with issues including trauma, childabuse, family violence, injustice, as well as parents supporting children with anxiety/depression or regulating their emotional world. I support clients develop a therapeutic plan that targets their hopes.
I am an Accredited Mental Health Social Worker and Family Therapist . I have been working as a therapist for the last 18 years, however have been in the field for the last 30 years, I have extensive experience working with adults, young people and children and have spent extensive time working in settings including Community Health and Non Government Organisations. I have supported clients with issues including trauma, childabuse, family violence, injustice, as well as parents supporting children with anxiety/depression or regulating their emotional world. I support clients develop a therapeutic plan that targets their hopes.
(03) 8338 1770 View (03) 8338 1770
Photo of Natasha Ascenzo, Psychologist in Coburg, VIC
Natasha Ascenzo
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Coburg, VIC 3058
Natasha is a registered Clinical Psychologist and sees clients across the lifespan. She enjoys working with children, adolescents, adults and families, employing a range of therapeutic techniques to compliment the needs of the individual in counselling. Natasha has had experience working in a variety of private and government settings, which include primary and secondary education. Natasha has experience assisting clients to work through a broad range of issues. These include anxiety, depression, trauma, relationship issues, grief and loss, self-esteem and adjustment to transition and change.
Natasha is a registered Clinical Psychologist and sees clients across the lifespan. She enjoys working with children, adolescents, adults and families, employing a range of therapeutic techniques to compliment the needs of the individual in counselling. Natasha has had experience working in a variety of private and government settings, which include primary and secondary education. Natasha has experience assisting clients to work through a broad range of issues. These include anxiety, depression, trauma, relationship issues, grief and loss, self-esteem and adjustment to transition and change.
(03) 8338 4425 View (03) 8338 4425
Photo of Jager Corvus, Counsellor in Coburg, VIC
Jager Corvus
Counsellor, AASW
Verified
Coburg, VIC 3058  (Online Only)
I'm a non-binary trans practitioner with a strong interest in relational, complex & collective trauma. I’m a somatics Intermediate-Level Student in the SE Professional Training. I practice a generative somatics that acknowledges how marginalised bodies are impacted by oppressive systems. I’m also a Masters qualified Social Worker with over 20 years experience working in Community Services (Disability, HIV/AIDS, Youth, AOD, Prison Abolition & LGBTIQA+). I share a cherished alliance with my clients, which holds both gentle vulnerabilities & fierce stirrings. I work with all genders, sexualities, cultures, divergences, abilities.
I'm a non-binary trans practitioner with a strong interest in relational, complex & collective trauma. I’m a somatics Intermediate-Level Student in the SE Professional Training. I practice a generative somatics that acknowledges how marginalised bodies are impacted by oppressive systems. I’m also a Masters qualified Social Worker with over 20 years experience working in Community Services (Disability, HIV/AIDS, Youth, AOD, Prison Abolition & LGBTIQA+). I share a cherished alliance with my clients, which holds both gentle vulnerabilities & fierce stirrings. I work with all genders, sexualities, cultures, divergences, abilities.
(03) 8338 1772 View (03) 8338 1772
Photo of Melbourne MindBody Psychology, Psychologist in Coburg, VIC
Melbourne MindBody Psychology
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
Coburg, VIC 3058
We are here to connect with you and take you on a journey, healing the past and the present to enable you to live a more relaxed peaceful and joyous life. Yes you can let go of pain and be more whole, be happier and more fulfilled .
We are here to connect with you and take you on a journey, healing the past and the present to enable you to live a more relaxed peaceful and joyous life. Yes you can let go of pain and be more whole, be happier and more fulfilled .
(03) 8338 1915 View (03) 8338 1915
Photo of Jigisha Sanghvi, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Coburg, VIC
Jigisha Sanghvi
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified
3 Endorsed
Coburg, VIC 3058
I am a psychotherapist, Medicare approved Clinical Social Worker, a trauma trained EMDR and Eating Disorder therapist. Off late, you may have noticed emotions and thoughts continue to rule your life, and no matter how hard you try, it never feels 'good enough'. You find yourself stuck in the cycle of 'wanting to please others' while feeling unseen and unheard. You now know that your anxiety and need for control is no longer serving you. You want to start honouring yourself and your needs, even when if it feels hard.
I am a psychotherapist, Medicare approved Clinical Social Worker, a trauma trained EMDR and Eating Disorder therapist. Off late, you may have noticed emotions and thoughts continue to rule your life, and no matter how hard you try, it never feels 'good enough'. You find yourself stuck in the cycle of 'wanting to please others' while feeling unseen and unheard. You now know that your anxiety and need for control is no longer serving you. You want to start honouring yourself and your needs, even when if it feels hard.
(03) 8338 1847 View (03) 8338 1847
Photo of Sydney Ruiz, Psychotherapist in Coburg, VIC
Sydney Ruiz
Psychotherapist, ACA-L2
Verified
Coburg, VIC 3058
Hi! I'm a psychotherapist dedicated to helping people to achieve lasting change and growth. My approach is warm, non-judgmental, and supportive, providing a space for you to explore and experience whatever has been unmanageable alone. Whether you're feeling anxious, depressed, overwhelmed, dealing with grief or loss, wanting to make positive changes, or discover your strengths, I will work collaboratively with you. I take an integrative approach, and care about every facet of your wellbeing. Nothing is irrelevant, and nothing is too silly or strange to express.
Hi! I'm a psychotherapist dedicated to helping people to achieve lasting change and growth. My approach is warm, non-judgmental, and supportive, providing a space for you to explore and experience whatever has been unmanageable alone. Whether you're feeling anxious, depressed, overwhelmed, dealing with grief or loss, wanting to make positive changes, or discover your strengths, I will work collaboratively with you. I take an integrative approach, and care about every facet of your wellbeing. Nothing is irrelevant, and nothing is too silly or strange to express.
(03) 9111 2662 View (03) 9111 2662
Photo of Taisia Thompson, Psychologist in Coburg, VIC
Taisia Thompson
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Coburg, VIC 3058
Taisia is an experienced and compassionate Clinical Psychologist with more than a decade of expertise assisting clients with a wide range of mental health conditions including depression, anxiety, stress, and adjustment to major life changes. Taisia has a special interest in treating postnatal depression and anxiety, offering a safe space for parents to discuss their experiences. Additionally, she empowers parents with effective coping strategies to navigate the everyday challenges of raising children.
Taisia is an experienced and compassionate Clinical Psychologist with more than a decade of expertise assisting clients with a wide range of mental health conditions including depression, anxiety, stress, and adjustment to major life changes. Taisia has a special interest in treating postnatal depression and anxiety, offering a safe space for parents to discuss their experiences. Additionally, she empowers parents with effective coping strategies to navigate the everyday challenges of raising children.
(03) 8338 1936 View (03) 8338 1936
Photo of Barbara Drossos, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Coburg, VIC
Barbara Drossos
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified
Coburg, VIC 3058
I specialiase in sexual assault, pregnancy counselling and reproductive health support, however also work with people across a range of issues. You might want support to process a past experience, to deal with a present difficulty or to have more fulfilling relationships and feel a greater sense of joy and wellbeing. I have 20+ years' experience working in social work and counselling settings.
I specialiase in sexual assault, pregnancy counselling and reproductive health support, however also work with people across a range of issues. You might want support to process a past experience, to deal with a present difficulty or to have more fulfilling relationships and feel a greater sense of joy and wellbeing. I have 20+ years' experience working in social work and counselling settings.
(03) 9344 1556 View (03) 9344 1556
Photo of Gayatri Broota in Coburg, VIC
Gayatri Broota
MA
Coburg, VIC 3058  (Online Only)
With a passion for understanding the intricacies of the human mind and behavior, I embarked on a journey in the field of psychology to make a positive impact on people's lives. Throughout my career, I have had the privilege of working with diverse clients, ranging from adolescents to adults, and addressing an array of psychological concerns. My therapeutic approach is integrative, drawing from evidence-based practices such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), psychodynamic therapy, and mindfulness-based techniques. My warm and non-judgmental demeanor creates a safe space where clients feel heard, valued, and respected.
With a passion for understanding the intricacies of the human mind and behavior, I embarked on a journey in the field of psychology to make a positive impact on people's lives. Throughout my career, I have had the privilege of working with diverse clients, ranging from adolescents to adults, and addressing an array of psychological concerns. My therapeutic approach is integrative, drawing from evidence-based practices such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), psychodynamic therapy, and mindfulness-based techniques. My warm and non-judgmental demeanor creates a safe space where clients feel heard, valued, and respected.
(03) 8338 1403 View (03) 8338 1403
Photo of Christina Tester, Psychotherapist in Coburg, VIC
Christina Tester
Psychotherapist, MA
Verified
Coburg, VIC 3058
I'm a creative arts therapist working with teenagers through to the elderly. I can assist you in managing or moving through significant life changes, feelings of loneliness and stuckness, grief and loss and mental health issues such as anxiety and depression. I can assist you in developing and strengthening self awareness, resilience, confidence, self compassion which can lead to making healthier choices, feeling a greater sense of purpose and having more meaningful relationships.
I'm a creative arts therapist working with teenagers through to the elderly. I can assist you in managing or moving through significant life changes, feelings of loneliness and stuckness, grief and loss and mental health issues such as anxiety and depression. I can assist you in developing and strengthening self awareness, resilience, confidence, self compassion which can lead to making healthier choices, feeling a greater sense of purpose and having more meaningful relationships.
(03) 8338 1142 View (03) 8338 1142
Photo of CUE- Support & Counselling, Counsellor in Coburg, VIC
CUE- Support & Counselling
Counsellor, AACBT
Verified
Coburg, VIC 3058
CUE stands for Compassion, Understanding, Empathy as these are the principles which guide my practice and work ethic.
CUE stands for Compassion, Understanding, Empathy as these are the principles which guide my practice and work ethic.
(03) 8104 9335 View (03) 8104 9335
Christina Pitter
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, AASW
Verified
Coburg, VIC 3058
Christina has 20 years experience as a mental health social worker and psychotherapist. She works with people whose lives have been affected by childhood & adult trauma, anxiety, depression, relationship issues, family violence, and the impact of identity, family, ethnic and cultural issues on mental health. She has a special interest in supporting clients with chronic and physical health and disability issues. Christina hopes that through therapy, people can develop a greater awareness of their emotions, thoughts, strengths and goals and an overall improvement in their wellbeing and relationships with others.
Christina has 20 years experience as a mental health social worker and psychotherapist. She works with people whose lives have been affected by childhood & adult trauma, anxiety, depression, relationship issues, family violence, and the impact of identity, family, ethnic and cultural issues on mental health. She has a special interest in supporting clients with chronic and physical health and disability issues. Christina hopes that through therapy, people can develop a greater awareness of their emotions, thoughts, strengths and goals and an overall improvement in their wellbeing and relationships with others.
(02) 4504 0245 View (02) 4504 0245
Photo of Seda Mergen, Psychologist in Coburg, VIC
Seda Mergen
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
1 Endorsed
Coburg, VIC 3058
With a Master's in Counselling Psychology, my therapeutic approach is grounded in evidence-based methodologies such as CBT, ACT, EMDR, and Schema Therapy. Yet, beyond the technical aspects, what truly defines my practice is a deep-seated respect and appreciation for my clients. I feel immensely honoured to be invited into their stories, if only for a brief chapter. My role, as I see it, is to serve as a compassionate guide, helping them navigate, reflect, and find their own paths to healing and self-discovery. Committed to inclusivity, I welcome all backgrounds, creating a space of understanding and growth.
With a Master's in Counselling Psychology, my therapeutic approach is grounded in evidence-based methodologies such as CBT, ACT, EMDR, and Schema Therapy. Yet, beyond the technical aspects, what truly defines my practice is a deep-seated respect and appreciation for my clients. I feel immensely honoured to be invited into their stories, if only for a brief chapter. My role, as I see it, is to serve as a compassionate guide, helping them navigate, reflect, and find their own paths to healing and self-discovery. Committed to inclusivity, I welcome all backgrounds, creating a space of understanding and growth.
(03) 8338 4140 View (03) 8338 4140

See more therapy options for Coburg

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Coburg, VIC

100+

Average cost per session

$160

Counsellors in Coburg, VIC who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
90% Depression
85% Self Esteem
85% Stress
83% Relationship Issues
76% Trauma and PTSD
72% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

74% Medicare Rebates
52% Bupa
50% NDIS

How Counsellors in Coburg, VIC see their clients

93% In Person and Online
7% Online Only

Gender breakdown

74% Female
25% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Coburg?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.