Counselling in Hawthorn, VIC

Photo of Anxiety Treatment Australia, Psychologist in Hawthorn, VIC
Anxiety Treatment Australia
Psychologist, MA, MAPS
Verified Verified
Hawthorn, VIC 3122  (Online Only)
Depressed? Anxious? Stressed? Overwhelmed? Been suffering for some time? Relief can be experienced quickly in a confidential, non judgmental, supportive environment. I'm a caring, down to earth, experienced clinical psychologist who can help you overcome :shyness, insomnia, depression, body image issues, PTSD, social anxiety, public speaking anxiety, worrying excessively about health or other issues, OCD, panic attacks indecisiveness, perfectionism, procrastination and hoarding. Choosing a therapist can be a difficult decision so you are welcome to a free 15 minutes session before making an appointment to see if we click.
Depressed? Anxious? Stressed? Overwhelmed? Been suffering for some time? Relief can be experienced quickly in a confidential, non judgmental, supportive environment. I'm a caring, down to earth, experienced clinical psychologist who can help you overcome :shyness, insomnia, depression, body image issues, PTSD, social anxiety, public speaking anxiety, worrying excessively about health or other issues, OCD, panic attacks indecisiveness, perfectionism, procrastination and hoarding. Choosing a therapist can be a difficult decision so you are welcome to a free 15 minutes session before making an appointment to see if we click.
(03) 9068 5415 View (03) 9068 5415
Photo of Brooke Lo Giudice, Counsellor in Hawthorn, VIC
Brooke Lo Giudice
Counsellor
Verified Verified
Hawthorn, VIC 3122
I am an experienced and compassionate counsellor with a person-centred and strengths based approach to counselling. I offer a non-judgemental space where you can feel heard and understood and I work on the premise that you as the client have your own innate wisdom to draw on​. As such, I don't impose my ideals and beliefs onto you, but rather support you to draw on your own strengths and wisdom. I have found clients are then able to see the path before them and the steps they need to take to make the changes they are seeking.
I am an experienced and compassionate counsellor with a person-centred and strengths based approach to counselling. I offer a non-judgemental space where you can feel heard and understood and I work on the premise that you as the client have your own innate wisdom to draw on​. As such, I don't impose my ideals and beliefs onto you, but rather support you to draw on your own strengths and wisdom. I have found clients are then able to see the path before them and the steps they need to take to make the changes they are seeking.
(03) 7003 2892 View (03) 7003 2892
Photo of Lightbulbs Counselling, Counsellor in Hawthorn, VIC
Lightbulbs Counselling
Counsellor, MA, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Hawthorn, VIC 3122
I believe that everyone should be able to express and develop strategies in order to become happy individuals. By experiencing this ‘lightbulb’ moment, my clients are able to live their respective lives in which they feel confident, supported and independent.
I believe that everyone should be able to express and develop strategies in order to become happy individuals. By experiencing this ‘lightbulb’ moment, my clients are able to live their respective lives in which they feel confident, supported and independent.
(03) 7003 2857 View (03) 7003 2857
Photo of Insession Counselling, Psychologist in Hawthorn, VIC
Insession Counselling
Psychologist, MSc, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Hawthorn, VIC 3122
I'm Sanduni, a psychologist and South Asian Woman of Colour with over 10 years of experience in the mental health sector. I started Insession Counselling to provide therapy to people from all cultural backgrounds, gender identities and sexual orientations. Navigating my own experiences of marginalisation and intersectionality as a queer Sri-Lankan woman has allowed me to truly understand how culture, gender and sexuality shape so much of who we are and how we experience relationships. I combine this lived experience with evidence-based psychological interventions so that the therapy you receive is tailored specifically to you.
I'm Sanduni, a psychologist and South Asian Woman of Colour with over 10 years of experience in the mental health sector. I started Insession Counselling to provide therapy to people from all cultural backgrounds, gender identities and sexual orientations. Navigating my own experiences of marginalisation and intersectionality as a queer Sri-Lankan woman has allowed me to truly understand how culture, gender and sexuality shape so much of who we are and how we experience relationships. I combine this lived experience with evidence-based psychological interventions so that the therapy you receive is tailored specifically to you.
(03) 9034 9641 View (03) 9034 9641
Photo of Hargan Psychology, Psychologist in Hawthorn, VIC
Hargan Psychology
Psychologist, Assoc MAPS
Verified Verified
Hawthorn, VIC 3122
At Hargan Psychology, we use a person-centred approach and support our clients to live their BEST life according to THEM! We pride ourselves on offering a warm and welcoming environment where clients can be assured of a safe space to explore their presenting concerns. Our psychologists will support you to become your best self.
At Hargan Psychology, we use a person-centred approach and support our clients to live their BEST life according to THEM! We pride ourselves on offering a warm and welcoming environment where clients can be assured of a safe space to explore their presenting concerns. Our psychologists will support you to become your best self.
(03) 9034 5924 View (03) 9034 5924
Photo of Isabella Lay, Psychologist in Hawthorn, VIC
Isabella Lay
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Hawthorn, VIC 3122
My interest is in working with people who have a history of being in unhealthy relationships and who wish to change this. Clients come to me because they notice a pattern of being attracted to individuals who exhibit behaviours such as abusiveness, control, manipulation and devaluation. This often leads to their sense of rejection and abandonment; and feelings of helplessness and hopelessness. Together, we work through factors such as how to regulate intense emotions, tolerate distress and curb impulsiveness. We also learn strategies such as assertiveness, individuation, as well as gaining awareness about the impact of factors such
My interest is in working with people who have a history of being in unhealthy relationships and who wish to change this. Clients come to me because they notice a pattern of being attracted to individuals who exhibit behaviours such as abusiveness, control, manipulation and devaluation. This often leads to their sense of rejection and abandonment; and feelings of helplessness and hopelessness. Together, we work through factors such as how to regulate intense emotions, tolerate distress and curb impulsiveness. We also learn strategies such as assertiveness, individuation, as well as gaining awareness about the impact of factors such
(03) 7003 2967 View (03) 7003 2967
Photo of Su Mei Tan, Psychotherapist in Hawthorn, VIC
Su Mei Tan
Psychotherapist, MA, AThR
Verified Verified
Hawthorn, VIC 3122
Individuals and families may be grappling with personal challenges, yearning for a deeper understanding of themselves and seeking empowerment through creative expression. They appreciate the importance of cultural sensitivity in their therapeutic process, desiring a safe and inclusive space that respects their diverse background. This client values navigating between multiple cultural identities and desires a therapist who comprehends their unique complexities. Their ideal experience involves tailored interventions that integrate creative expression, cultural sensitivity, and third culture therapy.
Individuals and families may be grappling with personal challenges, yearning for a deeper understanding of themselves and seeking empowerment through creative expression. They appreciate the importance of cultural sensitivity in their therapeutic process, desiring a safe and inclusive space that respects their diverse background. This client values navigating between multiple cultural identities and desires a therapist who comprehends their unique complexities. Their ideal experience involves tailored interventions that integrate creative expression, cultural sensitivity, and third culture therapy.
(03) 7003 2156 View (03) 7003 2156
Photo of Dr Kate O'Brien, Psychologist in Hawthorn, VIC
Dr Kate O'Brien
Psychologist, PsychD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Hawthorn, VIC 3122
My approach is about self-discovery. With curiosity and compassion, I am to help clients explore, move through, and integrate challenging experiences, to ultimately discover what they truly value and what is vital for attaining and maintaining psychological well-being.
My approach is about self-discovery. With curiosity and compassion, I am to help clients explore, move through, and integrate challenging experiences, to ultimately discover what they truly value and what is vital for attaining and maintaining psychological well-being.
(03) 7003 2086 View (03) 7003 2086
Photo of Dr Sarah-Jane Dempsey, Psychologist in Hawthorn, VIC
Dr Sarah-Jane Dempsey
Psychologist, PhD, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Hawthorn, VIC 3122
I am a registered psychologist with experience supporting adolescents and adults from diverse backgrounds and with a variety of mental health concerns. You may be seeking a psychologist to address anxiety, trauma, depression, loss, stagnation, hopelessness or relationship difficulties. Establishing connection and a safe therapeutic relationship is an important focus of therapy that enables us to build upon your strengths, create space for working through problems, and progress towards meaningful change.
I am a registered psychologist with experience supporting adolescents and adults from diverse backgrounds and with a variety of mental health concerns. You may be seeking a psychologist to address anxiety, trauma, depression, loss, stagnation, hopelessness or relationship difficulties. Establishing connection and a safe therapeutic relationship is an important focus of therapy that enables us to build upon your strengths, create space for working through problems, and progress towards meaningful change.
(03) 7003 2019 View (03) 7003 2019
Photo of Bita Riazati - Relationships, Anxiety, OCD, Psychologist in Hawthorn, VIC
Bita Riazati - Relationships, Anxiety, OCD
Psychologist, MPsych, MAPS
Verified Verified
Hawthorn, VIC 3122
Relationships can bring about significant stress and challenges when forming close connections and bonds with people, or navigating the complexities of interpersonal relationships with friends or colleagues. This can lead to thoughts of sadness, alienation, loneliness, anger, or even conflict. As you go through life, you might notice recurring issues that persist across various domains. You might ponder questions like, “Why do I keep doing this?”, "What am I doing?", “What's happening to me?”, or “How can I figure out what I want in life?” These questions reveal your desire to learn, explore, and gain understanding.
Relationships can bring about significant stress and challenges when forming close connections and bonds with people, or navigating the complexities of interpersonal relationships with friends or colleagues. This can lead to thoughts of sadness, alienation, loneliness, anger, or even conflict. As you go through life, you might notice recurring issues that persist across various domains. You might ponder questions like, “Why do I keep doing this?”, "What am I doing?", “What's happening to me?”, or “How can I figure out what I want in life?” These questions reveal your desire to learn, explore, and gain understanding.
(03) 6145 0176 View (03) 6145 0176
Photo of Gary Maloney, Psychologist in Hawthorn, VIC
Gary Maloney
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Hawthorn, VIC 3122
Gary is passionate about working with individuals experiencing difficulties with anxiety, stress, depression, self-esteem, sleep, relationships, university and workplace challenges, toxic workplace, emotional abuse/bullying (incl. what is referred to by some people as “narcissistic abuse”, manipulation and the associated enabling behaviours of others), injustice, anger and challenging life situations. Gary is also passionate about exploring identity, life & career direction and supporting progress towards goals. He aims to help deepen self-awareness, encourage the development of flexibility in thinking, healthy coping and living.
Gary is passionate about working with individuals experiencing difficulties with anxiety, stress, depression, self-esteem, sleep, relationships, university and workplace challenges, toxic workplace, emotional abuse/bullying (incl. what is referred to by some people as “narcissistic abuse”, manipulation and the associated enabling behaviours of others), injustice, anger and challenging life situations. Gary is also passionate about exploring identity, life & career direction and supporting progress towards goals. He aims to help deepen self-awareness, encourage the development of flexibility in thinking, healthy coping and living.
(03) 7003 2569 View (03) 7003 2569
Photo of Sandy De Bortoli, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Hawthorn, VIC
Sandy De Bortoli
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified Verified
Hawthorn, VIC 3122
Sandy is a Trauma Recovery Specialist. She has extensive experience as a therapist, working with adults and adolescents struggling with trauma, anxiety, depression, addiction, grief and loss, identity issues and relationships difficulties. She has over 27 years of clinical experience in the mental health space. Sandy has worked alongside many individuals grappling with mental health. Recognised for her integrative and holistic approaches to practice, Sandy believes with time and commitment, counselling can bring about change and transformation.
Sandy is a Trauma Recovery Specialist. She has extensive experience as a therapist, working with adults and adolescents struggling with trauma, anxiety, depression, addiction, grief and loss, identity issues and relationships difficulties. She has over 27 years of clinical experience in the mental health space. Sandy has worked alongside many individuals grappling with mental health. Recognised for her integrative and holistic approaches to practice, Sandy believes with time and commitment, counselling can bring about change and transformation.
(03) 9118 9042 View (03) 9118 9042
Photo of Sage Insight Psychology, Psychologist in Hawthorn, VIC
Sage Insight Psychology
Psychologist, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Hawthorn, VIC 3122
We are a team of Clinical Psychologists who provide quality mental health care. We support emotional wellbeing and mental health through compassionate and collaborative therapy. Let us help you connect with one of our psychologists who meets your needs and is available to see you, online or in-person.
We are a team of Clinical Psychologists who provide quality mental health care. We support emotional wellbeing and mental health through compassionate and collaborative therapy. Let us help you connect with one of our psychologists who meets your needs and is available to see you, online or in-person.
(03) 9131 8787 View (03) 9131 8787
Photo of Amanda Florence Creative Arts Therapy, Psychotherapist in Hawthorn, VIC
Amanda Florence Creative Arts Therapy
Psychotherapist, MA, AThR
Verified Verified
Hawthorn, VIC 3122
Amanda Florence AThR, MA (La Trobe), BA (Hons) (UAL, London UK), PgDip (VCA), is a Melbourne based artist and registered Creative Arts Therapist offering individual and group art therapy. She has over 12 years community and clinical work experience with arts and mental health. Amanda works psychodynamically using a person-centered, humanistic and trauma informed approach which draws from a wide evidence base. By developing a safe non threatening creative environment she is able to help individuals explore and gain personal insight. A creative arts therapy session is focussed on the artistic process and requires no previous skills.
Amanda Florence AThR, MA (La Trobe), BA (Hons) (UAL, London UK), PgDip (VCA), is a Melbourne based artist and registered Creative Arts Therapist offering individual and group art therapy. She has over 12 years community and clinical work experience with arts and mental health. Amanda works psychodynamically using a person-centered, humanistic and trauma informed approach which draws from a wide evidence base. By developing a safe non threatening creative environment she is able to help individuals explore and gain personal insight. A creative arts therapy session is focussed on the artistic process and requires no previous skills.
(02) 4504 0328 View (02) 4504 0328
Photo of Manuela Barichello, Psychologist in Hawthorn, VIC
Manuela Barichello
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Hawthorn, VIC 3122
Manuela is a skilled psychologist with much experience in Community Health, Medical Centres and Education (Primary-Tertiary). She enjoys teaching her clients new skills, identify their strengths to reach their full potential. If you have suffered grief and loss, trauma, or anxiety/depression you can learn reframing and healing strategies to come to a resolution. If you have suffered inter-relational or situational problems you may benefit from learning emotional regulation and acceptance skills. Manuela will help you achieve the outcomes you want by tailoring therapy to meet your individual needs through effective goal setting.
Manuela is a skilled psychologist with much experience in Community Health, Medical Centres and Education (Primary-Tertiary). She enjoys teaching her clients new skills, identify their strengths to reach their full potential. If you have suffered grief and loss, trauma, or anxiety/depression you can learn reframing and healing strategies to come to a resolution. If you have suffered inter-relational or situational problems you may benefit from learning emotional regulation and acceptance skills. Manuela will help you achieve the outcomes you want by tailoring therapy to meet your individual needs through effective goal setting.
(03) 7003 2012 View (03) 7003 2012
Photo of Claire Fowler, Psychologist in Hawthorn, VIC
Claire Fowler
Psychologist, PsychD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Hawthorn, VIC 3122
I have extensive experience with both public and private mental health and have a strong passion for psychology, mental health and well-being. I support clients using a warm, compassionate and collaborative approach. I work directly with clients to help them identify and then address their personal well-being goals to help them to build a life that feels worth living. I can help clients with discovering and shifting thoughts, feelings or behaviours that are creating difficulties across different areas of their lives.
I have extensive experience with both public and private mental health and have a strong passion for psychology, mental health and well-being. I support clients using a warm, compassionate and collaborative approach. I work directly with clients to help them identify and then address their personal well-being goals to help them to build a life that feels worth living. I can help clients with discovering and shifting thoughts, feelings or behaviours that are creating difficulties across different areas of their lives.
(03) 9131 8787 View (03) 9131 8787
Photo of Andrea Murray, Counsellor in Hawthorn, VIC
Andrea Murray
Counsellor, ACA-L4
Verified Verified
Hawthorn, VIC 3122
I am a registered counsellor specialising in addictions treatment, couples counselling including betrayal trauma, and pre-marriage counselling. My specialisation is sex and love addiction. I have worked overseas in Asia for a number of years and understand adjustment struggles.
I am a registered counsellor specialising in addictions treatment, couples counselling including betrayal trauma, and pre-marriage counselling. My specialisation is sex and love addiction. I have worked overseas in Asia for a number of years and understand adjustment struggles.
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Photo of Dr Geoffrey Newbegin, Psychologist in Hawthorn, VIC
Dr Geoffrey Newbegin
Psychologist, PsychD, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Hawthorn, VIC 3122
Not accepting new clients
With over two decades of clinical experience, my therapeutic approach involves a combination of the modalities outlined below. The underpinning nature of my work comes from an existential perspective where the nature of one’s experience and meaning are examined. Essentially we try to make sense of our surroundings, trying to understand ourselves, other people, and their place in the world. This view of ourselves is created by the influences of time, place, culture, society and family. These influences and experiences help in shaping the character and personalities of ourselves as individuals but also our place in this world.
With over two decades of clinical experience, my therapeutic approach involves a combination of the modalities outlined below. The underpinning nature of my work comes from an existential perspective where the nature of one’s experience and meaning are examined. Essentially we try to make sense of our surroundings, trying to understand ourselves, other people, and their place in the world. This view of ourselves is created by the influences of time, place, culture, society and family. These influences and experiences help in shaping the character and personalities of ourselves as individuals but also our place in this world.
(03) 7003 2368 View (03) 7003 2368
Photo of Gabrielle Williams, Psychologist in Hawthorn, VIC
Gabrielle Williams
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Hawthorn, VIC 3122
I am a clinical psychologist, member of the Australian Psychological Society (APS). I have practiced perinatal psychology at the Royal Women's Hospital, supporting women's mental well-being during preconception, pregnancy, birth, and into postpartum. My expertise also extends supporting people dealing with stress that is related to fertility, assisted reproductive technologies, and grief following perinatal loss and trauma. As a clinical psychologist I am also experienced in treating mental health conditions including depression, anxiety disorders and OCD.
I am a clinical psychologist, member of the Australian Psychological Society (APS). I have practiced perinatal psychology at the Royal Women's Hospital, supporting women's mental well-being during preconception, pregnancy, birth, and into postpartum. My expertise also extends supporting people dealing with stress that is related to fertility, assisted reproductive technologies, and grief following perinatal loss and trauma. As a clinical psychologist I am also experienced in treating mental health conditions including depression, anxiety disorders and OCD.
(03) 7003 2242 View (03) 7003 2242
Photo of Bernadette Brown, Counsellor in Hawthorn, VIC
Bernadette Brown
Counsellor, AAFT Sup
Verified Verified
Hawthorn, VIC 3122
Bernadette Brown is a clinically registered Family Therapist/ Couple Therapist/ AAFT Clinical Supervisor and Counsellor. With over 30 years experience working in therapeutic, educational and community services settings, Bernadette is motivated by a deep commitment to making a positive difference to the lives of others. Bernadette practices within a context which embraces acceptance, compassion and inner truth.
Bernadette Brown is a clinically registered Family Therapist/ Couple Therapist/ AAFT Clinical Supervisor and Counsellor. With over 30 years experience working in therapeutic, educational and community services settings, Bernadette is motivated by a deep commitment to making a positive difference to the lives of others. Bernadette practices within a context which embraces acceptance, compassion and inner truth.
(03) 8797 5039 View (03) 8797 5039

See more therapy options for Hawthorn

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Hawthorn, VIC

100+

Average cost per session

$210

Counsellors in Hawthorn, VIC who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
88% Depression
87% Stress
82% Self Esteem
72% Trauma and PTSD
71% Life Transitions
70% Relationship Issues

Average years in practice

14 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

76% Medicare Rebates
47% Bupa
44% Medibank Private

How Counsellors in Hawthorn, VIC see their clients

91% In Person and Online
9% Online Only

Gender breakdown

78% Female
21% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Hawthorn?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.