Therapists in McKenney, VA

Photo of Linda Thimons, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Linda Thimons
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
McKenney, VA 23872
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor with fourteen years of experience. My counseling approaches and interventions include person-centered therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, motivational interviewing, trauma informed care, and more. I specialize in working with addiction, anxiety, depression, trauma, PTSD, and mood disorders. I encourage my clients to define their success and progress by setting goals and defining what progress looks like for them. I will be that support and guidance on their path toward growth.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor with fourteen years of experience. My counseling approaches and interventions include person-centered therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, motivational interviewing, trauma informed care, and more. I specialize in working with addiction, anxiety, depression, trauma, PTSD, and mood disorders. I encourage my clients to define their success and progress by setting goals and defining what progress looks like for them. I will be that support and guidance on their path toward growth.
(540) 453-8274 View (540) 453-8274
Photo of Yozaira Leon-Santiago, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Yozaira Leon-Santiago
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
McKenney, VA 23872
Yozaira Leon-Santiago, Virginia License 0701008987. I am a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) with 10 years of experience in the behavioral healthcare field. Currently I am a Bilingual (Spanish) mental health clinician in a detention center working with young immigrants. Before that, I served as MST (Multisystemic) therapist in the community that dealt with juveniles with serious criminal offenses and are possibly abusing substances. I am experienced with the emotional problems that occur in adults, adolescents and children. I have specialized training with family therapy, trauma depression and anxiety.
Yozaira Leon-Santiago, Virginia License 0701008987. I am a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) with 10 years of experience in the behavioral healthcare field. Currently I am a Bilingual (Spanish) mental health clinician in a detention center working with young immigrants. Before that, I served as MST (Multisystemic) therapist in the community that dealt with juveniles with serious criminal offenses and are possibly abusing substances. I am experienced with the emotional problems that occur in adults, adolescents and children. I have specialized training with family therapy, trauma depression and anxiety.
(571) 771-1910 View (571) 771-1910

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Kimberly Gary, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Kimberly Gary
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Ammon, VA 23850
My name is Kimberly "Kim" Gay and I am a Licensed Professional Counselor in the state of Virginia. I have over 24 years of clinical experience working with adults experiencing depression, anxiety, relationship conflict, and work stress symptoms. I utilize a mix of Client-Centered Therapy, Cognitive Behavioral, Family Therapy, Interpersonal, Motivational Interviewing, Strength-Based, and Solution Focused Brief Therapies. I believe people come to counseling because they want something different in their lives. They may want to change their life situation, solve a particular problem, decide, or understand what is happening in their liv
My name is Kimberly "Kim" Gay and I am a Licensed Professional Counselor in the state of Virginia. I have over 24 years of clinical experience working with adults experiencing depression, anxiety, relationship conflict, and work stress symptoms. I utilize a mix of Client-Centered Therapy, Cognitive Behavioral, Family Therapy, Interpersonal, Motivational Interviewing, Strength-Based, and Solution Focused Brief Therapies. I believe people come to counseling because they want something different in their lives. They may want to change their life situation, solve a particular problem, decide, or understand what is happening in their liv
(804) 596-4681 View (804) 596-4681
Photo of Tamara Powell, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Tamara Powell
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Ammon, VA 23850
My name is Tamara Powell LCSW, CSOTP, CCTP, RPT. I provide a warm, safe, and supportive environment in which my clients can explore the issues and challenges they face. I strongly believe in the power of the therapeutic partnership to help uncover the strengths and resources we all possess in order to bring about the changes we desire in our lives. I feel privileged to be able to offer my assistance to others on this shared journey and commend you for reaching out for help to make things better.
My name is Tamara Powell LCSW, CSOTP, CCTP, RPT. I provide a warm, safe, and supportive environment in which my clients can explore the issues and challenges they face. I strongly believe in the power of the therapeutic partnership to help uncover the strengths and resources we all possess in order to bring about the changes we desire in our lives. I feel privileged to be able to offer my assistance to others on this shared journey and commend you for reaching out for help to make things better.
(703) 639-4039 View (703) 639-4039
Photo of Alimatu Mustapha-Palmer, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Alimatu Mustapha-Palmer
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Dewitt, VA 23840
I am Alimatu Mustapha- Palmer (nee Alima Palmer),PhD., NCC, LPC, MAC, CSAC, BCC. I have been in the world of behavioral health and services for the past 25 years. I am experienced and well-credentialed including several board certifications, awards, and recognitions. My experience includes conducting trainings, workshops, and assessments and working with individuals, families, groups, non-profits, local and international government agencies including DSS- CPS, law enforcement, minority populations, specific women and children’s issues, spirituality, cultural dynamics, marriage, divorce, life transitions, coaching and more.
I am Alimatu Mustapha- Palmer (nee Alima Palmer),PhD., NCC, LPC, MAC, CSAC, BCC. I have been in the world of behavioral health and services for the past 25 years. I am experienced and well-credentialed including several board certifications, awards, and recognitions. My experience includes conducting trainings, workshops, and assessments and working with individuals, families, groups, non-profits, local and international government agencies including DSS- CPS, law enforcement, minority populations, specific women and children’s issues, spirituality, cultural dynamics, marriage, divorce, life transitions, coaching and more.
(804) 626-5653 View (804) 626-5653
Photo of Dionne Dauphin Green, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Dionne Dauphin Green
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Warfield, VA 23889
Hi, my name is Dr. Dionne Dauphin Green. I am a Licensed Professional Counselor with over 11 years of experience. I focus on the family, including adults and children, using cognitive behavioral and trauma-focused therapy to help my clients to obtain a clearer perspective on life. I have experience in working with adults and children with a history of inpatient mental health treatment, substance abuse, and crisis management. I have also worked alongside families and children in the juvenile justice system.
Hi, my name is Dr. Dionne Dauphin Green. I am a Licensed Professional Counselor with over 11 years of experience. I focus on the family, including adults and children, using cognitive behavioral and trauma-focused therapy to help my clients to obtain a clearer perspective on life. I have experience in working with adults and children with a history of inpatient mental health treatment, substance abuse, and crisis management. I have also worked alongside families and children in the juvenile justice system.
(571) 548-3845 View (571) 548-3845
Photo of Matthew Isaacson, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Matthew Isaacson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Rawlings, VA 23876
The first step always seems the toughest when it comes to deciding to seek help for one's problems that are impacting their life. Finding the right therapist can feel like a daunting task and boils down to having enjoyable, meaningful, and memorable conversations with someone you can trust and confide your troublesome issues with. Life is a journey that is unpredictable, hard, and sometimes messy. You need to trust you can safely share whatever issues affecting you without being judged, and ultimately get help learning new skills and perspectives on your troubles.
The first step always seems the toughest when it comes to deciding to seek help for one's problems that are impacting their life. Finding the right therapist can feel like a daunting task and boils down to having enjoyable, meaningful, and memorable conversations with someone you can trust and confide your troublesome issues with. Life is a journey that is unpredictable, hard, and sometimes messy. You need to trust you can safely share whatever issues affecting you without being judged, and ultimately get help learning new skills and perspectives on your troubles.
(434) 325-5112 View (434) 325-5112
Photo of Milov Sonnier, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Milov Sonnier
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Warfield, VA 23889
I am Milov Sonnier a Licensed Clinical Social Worker based in Virginia. I work with clients statewide via telehealth. I specialize in women's issues, trauma, PTSD, thought disorders, stress, anxiety, depression, relationship issues and more. I use integrative approaches to help my clients make progress and to begin to feel better. I have found that my style and approach is a good fit for adults who are experiencing transition periods in their lives, and have traumatic memories that surface due to a current life stressor's.
I am Milov Sonnier a Licensed Clinical Social Worker based in Virginia. I work with clients statewide via telehealth. I specialize in women's issues, trauma, PTSD, thought disorders, stress, anxiety, depression, relationship issues and more. I use integrative approaches to help my clients make progress and to begin to feel better. I have found that my style and approach is a good fit for adults who are experiencing transition periods in their lives, and have traumatic memories that surface due to a current life stressor's.
(804) 596-4915 View (804) 596-4915

Online Therapists

Photo of Krista Branon
Krista Branon
Resident in Counseling
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Glen Allen, VA 23058  (Online Only)
I have experience working with individuals starting at 5 years old and up dealing with anxiety, depression, PTSD/Trauma symptoms. interpersonal challenges, life transitions, relationship issues, abusive relationships, and grief. I have also worked with a diverse age group including children, teens, college/graduate students, active duty and veterans regarding PTSD and trauma-related symptoms, as well as victims of violence/abuse, LGBTQIA population, and men's groups for domestic violence. I always take a client-centered approach in the therapy room to ensure my clients have a safe space to feel heard, understood, and challenged.
I have experience working with individuals starting at 5 years old and up dealing with anxiety, depression, PTSD/Trauma symptoms. interpersonal challenges, life transitions, relationship issues, abusive relationships, and grief. I have also worked with a diverse age group including children, teens, college/graduate students, active duty and veterans regarding PTSD and trauma-related symptoms, as well as victims of violence/abuse, LGBTQIA population, and men's groups for domestic violence. I always take a client-centered approach in the therapy room to ensure my clients have a safe space to feel heard, understood, and challenged.
(804) 465-7143 View (804) 465-7143
Photo of Rolando Liyim, LMSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Rolando Liyim
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Virginia Beach, VA 23452
Rolando Liyim is a Licensed Social Worker (LSW), and a Certified Financial Social Worker with 9 years of experience in the mental health field. He works with teens and adults who are facing a wide range of mental health challenges. Rolando specializes in depression, anxiety, grief, trauma, relationship issues, financial challenges and major life transitions.
Rolando Liyim is a Licensed Social Worker (LSW), and a Certified Financial Social Worker with 9 years of experience in the mental health field. He works with teens and adults who are facing a wide range of mental health challenges. Rolando specializes in depression, anxiety, grief, trauma, relationship issues, financial challenges and major life transitions.
(571) 568-7769 View (571) 568-7769
Photo of Paul Stolzenbach, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Paul Stolzenbach
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Richmond, VA 23225  (Online Only)
Are you looking to reset a relationship to resolve conflict or gain satisfaction? Do you need to get a handle on your stress level, feel more grounded or less anxious? Or are you suffering from depression or other mental illness? I am an experienced clinician who has worked with individuals and couples to help them achieve better mental health and emotional balance. I use traditional psychotherapeutic techniques of CBT, Behavior Modification, or Cognitive therapy to relieve symptoms and help clients reset a positive path forward.
Are you looking to reset a relationship to resolve conflict or gain satisfaction? Do you need to get a handle on your stress level, feel more grounded or less anxious? Or are you suffering from depression or other mental illness? I am an experienced clinician who has worked with individuals and couples to help them achieve better mental health and emotional balance. I use traditional psychotherapeutic techniques of CBT, Behavior Modification, or Cognitive therapy to relieve symptoms and help clients reset a positive path forward.
(804) 294-2759 View (804) 294-2759
Photo of Kathy Verano, EdS, LPC, LMFT, Licensed Professional Counselor
Kathy Verano
Licensed Professional Counselor, EdS, LPC, LMFT
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Williamsburg, VA 23185  (Online Only)
*WILLIAM AND MARY STUDENT AND STAFF experienced. I provide a positive, supportive and nurturing environment for exploration of challenges such as anxiety, depression, life transitions and adjustment issues, relationship problems, grief, trauma, academic and job performance and chronic illness. I am experienced in many approaches including mindfulness, cognitive-behavioral, psychodynamic, family systems and creative and alternative therapies such as expressive arts.
*WILLIAM AND MARY STUDENT AND STAFF experienced. I provide a positive, supportive and nurturing environment for exploration of challenges such as anxiety, depression, life transitions and adjustment issues, relationship problems, grief, trauma, academic and job performance and chronic illness. I am experienced in many approaches including mindfulness, cognitive-behavioral, psychodynamic, family systems and creative and alternative therapies such as expressive arts.
(804) 255-9718 View (804) 255-9718
Photo of Theresa Thomas, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Theresa Thomas
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Richmond, VA 23233
I am Theresa Thomas, a licensed professional therapist. I have worked with individuals, couples, and families seeking counseling for over 10 years, both online and in my private practice treating clients dealing with stress, anxiety, grief, parenting issues, depression, and coping with life changes. Taking the first step to sign up for therapy can take courage and I am proud of you for getting started! I treat clients dealing with anxiety, depression, grief, bipolar disorder, and borderline personality disorder.
I am Theresa Thomas, a licensed professional therapist. I have worked with individuals, couples, and families seeking counseling for over 10 years, both online and in my private practice treating clients dealing with stress, anxiety, grief, parenting issues, depression, and coping with life changes. Taking the first step to sign up for therapy can take courage and I am proud of you for getting started! I treat clients dealing with anxiety, depression, grief, bipolar disorder, and borderline personality disorder.
(804) 599-4466 View (804) 599-4466
Photo of Faye N Whaley, MEd, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Faye N Whaley
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC
Verified Verified
Charlottesville, VA 22906  (Online Only)
With over 25 years professionally, I have assisted many individuals and couples to gain insight into their life, reactions and decision making that is creating difficulty in relationships. The focus of Cognitive Behavorial Therapy (CBT) ( the cornerstone of my approach) is to empower clients to improve their lives through an understanding of individual control over thinking, responses and behaviors. A CBT approach in therapy offers change while highlighting client strength and diversity. My expertise, life experiences and guidance offers an open, accepting environment that creates results. With commitment to the process, Your life will change in a positive way!
With over 25 years professionally, I have assisted many individuals and couples to gain insight into their life, reactions and decision making that is creating difficulty in relationships. The focus of Cognitive Behavorial Therapy (CBT) ( the cornerstone of my approach) is to empower clients to improve their lives through an understanding of individual control over thinking, responses and behaviors. A CBT approach in therapy offers change while highlighting client strength and diversity. My expertise, life experiences and guidance offers an open, accepting environment that creates results. With commitment to the process, Your life will change in a positive way!
(912) 416-9186 View (912) 416-9186
Photo of Tara deButts Langston, MA, CSAC, LPC, ADS, Licensed Professional Counselor
Tara deButts Langston
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, CSAC, LPC, ADS
Verified Verified
Richmond, VA 23234
I'd like to tell you a little about myself since I will be asking a lot about you! I come from a pretty dysfunctional family background with a lot of addiction and strife. So after I completed undergraduate school, I worked at a residential substance use disorder facility in Virginia, working with families of patient's there. I learned that folk with substance use issues also have depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, and other mental health and social skill and communication problems. I work with adolescents, ,college students and adults.
I'd like to tell you a little about myself since I will be asking a lot about you! I come from a pretty dysfunctional family background with a lot of addiction and strife. So after I completed undergraduate school, I worked at a residential substance use disorder facility in Virginia, working with families of patient's there. I learned that folk with substance use issues also have depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, and other mental health and social skill and communication problems. I work with adolescents, ,college students and adults.
(804) 902-2384 View (804) 902-2384
Photo of Marsha Divers-Wiggs, MEd, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Marsha Divers-Wiggs
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC
Verified Verified
Forest, VA 24551
I feel clients grow through challenges best in a non-judgmental, nurturing atmosphere. This quote is so true: "To the world you may be one person, but to one person, you may be the world." You matter. Your feelings matter. If you feel you need someone to talk to, don't hesitate to call me...
I feel clients grow through challenges best in a non-judgmental, nurturing atmosphere. This quote is so true: "To the world you may be one person, but to one person, you may be the world." You matter. Your feelings matter. If you feel you need someone to talk to, don't hesitate to call me...
(434) 738-2101 View (434) 738-2101
Photo of Dr. Marquis Norton - Norton Therapeutic Solutions , PhD, LPC, LPC-S, Licensed Professional Counselor
Norton Therapeutic Solutions
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LPC, LPC-S
Verified Verified
Newport News, VA 23605
Hi, I am Dr. Norton. I am determined to make impactful changes in the lives of those I serve. My agency provides therapeutic services tailored to children, adolescents, and their families. We measure our success by positive transformation we create in our client’s lives. Working with a therapist can be life-changing, with the right tools, you can move forward to a truly fulfilling life. A professional therapist is trained to treat symptoms holistically, taking into account mental and social factors, rather than just the symptoms of a disease.
Hi, I am Dr. Norton. I am determined to make impactful changes in the lives of those I serve. My agency provides therapeutic services tailored to children, adolescents, and their families. We measure our success by positive transformation we create in our client’s lives. Working with a therapist can be life-changing, with the right tools, you can move forward to a truly fulfilling life. A professional therapist is trained to treat symptoms holistically, taking into account mental and social factors, rather than just the symptoms of a disease.
(757) 942-2073 View (757) 942-2073
Photo of Vanessa Bailey, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Vanessa Bailey
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Virginia Beach, VA 23464  (Online Only)
Throughout this journey called life, there are several obstacles, challenges, stressors, and disappointments you will face that contribute to feeling down and out. I am a firm believer in the saying “if nothing changes, nothing changes.” I am thrilled you have decided to take the initial step to produce a change in your life!!
Throughout this journey called life, there are several obstacles, challenges, stressors, and disappointments you will face that contribute to feeling down and out. I am a firm believer in the saying “if nothing changes, nothing changes.” I am thrilled you have decided to take the initial step to produce a change in your life!!
(757) 997-6638 View (757) 997-6638
Photo of Angela Coleman, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Angela Coleman
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Virginia Beach, VA 23452
Hi! I hope to have the opportunity to work alongside you. If you are having hardships in life circumstances, depression, anxiety, panic, mood instability, difficulty coping, challenges in relationships, guilt, shame, unpleasant and or intrusive thoughts, feelings, actions, please reach out. Also, if you feel like you are stuck and can’t figure out why, I will be glad to help. I can integrate physical exercise during sessions, and offer Wilderness Therapy groups as well.
Hi! I hope to have the opportunity to work alongside you. If you are having hardships in life circumstances, depression, anxiety, panic, mood instability, difficulty coping, challenges in relationships, guilt, shame, unpleasant and or intrusive thoughts, feelings, actions, please reach out. Also, if you feel like you are stuck and can’t figure out why, I will be glad to help. I can integrate physical exercise during sessions, and offer Wilderness Therapy groups as well.
(757) 859-0544 View (757) 859-0544
Photo of Tyler J Bray, MSW
Tyler J Bray
Supervisee in Clinical Social Work, MSW
Verified Verified
Charlottesville, VA 22902  (Online Only)
I'm Tyler Bray (she/her). Presently, I am a Supervisee of Social Work in Virginia, on the path to becoming a Licensed Clinical Social Worker. With over three years of experience, I've worked in various settings, such as outpatient mental health clinics, utilizing telehealth, and correctional facilities. My primary treatment modalities include cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), and solution-focused therapy.
I'm Tyler Bray (she/her). Presently, I am a Supervisee of Social Work in Virginia, on the path to becoming a Licensed Clinical Social Worker. With over three years of experience, I've worked in various settings, such as outpatient mental health clinics, utilizing telehealth, and correctional facilities. My primary treatment modalities include cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), and solution-focused therapy.
(434) 595-4971 View (434) 595-4971

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in McKenney, VA

< 10

Therapists in McKenney, VA who prioritize treating:

100% Anxiety
100% Behavioral Issues
50% Depression
50% Addiction
50% ADHD
50% Domestic Abuse
50% Eating Disorders

Average years in practice

16 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Aetna
100% Cigna and Evernorth
100% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in McKenney, VA see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

100% Female
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in McKenney?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.