Therapists in Colonial Heights, VA

Photo of Lisa M Brown, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Lisa M Brown
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Colonial Heights, VA 23834  (Online Only)
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker with several years of experience working in outpatient practice, schools, residential treatment, therapeutic day school, and hospital settings. I provide individual and family therapy for children, adolescents, and adults.
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker with several years of experience working in outpatient practice, schools, residential treatment, therapeutic day school, and hospital settings. I provide individual and family therapy for children, adolescents, and adults.
(804) 596-4981 View (804) 596-4981
Photo of Kimberly Mcgrady, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Kimberly Mcgrady
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Colonial Heights, VA 23834
Welcome! My name is Kimberly McGrady (VA license 0904015173). Right now it doesn't feel like it, but you can create change in your life! It is hard work to get your mind to stop doing all that unhealthy stuff like keeping you stuck, unmotivated, ruminating, anxious, fearful, insecure, depressed, being self-critical, and repeating negative patterns. Let's dive in, see where your head is, set some goals, create some new thought patterns, learn self-compassion, and get you back to living your best life. My ideal client wants to actively engage in therapy and learn effective mind skills to evolve and thrive.
Welcome! My name is Kimberly McGrady (VA license 0904015173). Right now it doesn't feel like it, but you can create change in your life! It is hard work to get your mind to stop doing all that unhealthy stuff like keeping you stuck, unmotivated, ruminating, anxious, fearful, insecure, depressed, being self-critical, and repeating negative patterns. Let's dive in, see where your head is, set some goals, create some new thought patterns, learn self-compassion, and get you back to living your best life. My ideal client wants to actively engage in therapy and learn effective mind skills to evolve and thrive.
(804) 429-1344 View (804) 429-1344
Photo of Tyshauna Rose-Parker, LPC, Counselor
Tyshauna Rose-Parker
Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Colonial Heights, VA 23834  (Online Only)
I believe in the power of creativity, flexibility, and awareness as essential components of effective therapy. By integrating these elements, I ensure that our sessions are not only meaningful but also responsive to your evolving needs. Together, we'll explore and navigate the complexities of your experiences, promoting resilience and positive change. Every individual is unique, and so is their journey. I am dedicated to tailoring our sessions to align with your specific goals and preferences.
I believe in the power of creativity, flexibility, and awareness as essential components of effective therapy. By integrating these elements, I ensure that our sessions are not only meaningful but also responsive to your evolving needs. Together, we'll explore and navigate the complexities of your experiences, promoting resilience and positive change. Every individual is unique, and so is their journey. I am dedicated to tailoring our sessions to align with your specific goals and preferences.
(804) 531-5626 View (804) 531-5626
Photo of undefined - Obsidian Therapy Group, Licensed Professional Counselor
Obsidian Therapy Group
Licensed Professional Counselor
Verified Verified
Colonial Heights, VA 23834
The Obsidian Therapy Group specializes in serving children, adults and families who either are on Medicaid, are ineligible for state-funded services, or do not have adequate insurance coverage or the financial resources to pay for counseling through the private sector. We especially welcome multicultural populations and specialize in concerns of people of color. Our counseling is oriented toward insight and behavioral change. Our goal is to help clients experience more peace of mind, improve relationships and self-esteem, and find positive approaches and solutions to dealing with life and mental health challenges.
The Obsidian Therapy Group specializes in serving children, adults and families who either are on Medicaid, are ineligible for state-funded services, or do not have adequate insurance coverage or the financial resources to pay for counseling through the private sector. We especially welcome multicultural populations and specialize in concerns of people of color. Our counseling is oriented toward insight and behavioral change. Our goal is to help clients experience more peace of mind, improve relationships and self-esteem, and find positive approaches and solutions to dealing with life and mental health challenges.
(804) 534-2984 View (804) 534-2984
Photo of Leanora J Harkless, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Leanora J Harkless
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Colonial Heights, VA 23834  (Online Only)
Hello, my name is Leanora! Please call me “Lea.” I would like to ask you two questions, “Are you sick-n-tired of being sick-n-tired?” “Are you ready to make positive change? Let me help you take a journey and explore what is preventing you from moving forward. Please know that I am non-judgmental, reliable, compassionate, and committed to my clients. I adhere to ethical principles and treat people with dignity and respect. Whether its depression, anxiety, fear of change, stress, trauma, relationship issues, oppression, excessive use of substances. I believe that by working together, we can develop a treatment plan for you!
Hello, my name is Leanora! Please call me “Lea.” I would like to ask you two questions, “Are you sick-n-tired of being sick-n-tired?” “Are you ready to make positive change? Let me help you take a journey and explore what is preventing you from moving forward. Please know that I am non-judgmental, reliable, compassionate, and committed to my clients. I adhere to ethical principles and treat people with dignity and respect. Whether its depression, anxiety, fear of change, stress, trauma, relationship issues, oppression, excessive use of substances. I believe that by working together, we can develop a treatment plan for you!
(804) 465-9882 View (804) 465-9882
Photo of Haley Swoope
Haley Swoope
Resident in Counseling
Verified Verified
Colonial Heights, VA 23834
I specialize in working with marginalized communities centering around systematic issues and empathetic work. My past work experiences have been aiding individuals with relational strain, the LGBTQIA+ community, young adults going through transitional life changes, and individuals with anxiety and depression.
I specialize in working with marginalized communities centering around systematic issues and empathetic work. My past work experiences have been aiding individuals with relational strain, the LGBTQIA+ community, young adults going through transitional life changes, and individuals with anxiety and depression.
(804) 676-6917 View (804) 676-6917
Photo of undefined - Obsidian Therapy Group
Obsidian Therapy Group
Resident in Marriage and Family Therapy
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Colonial Heights, VA 23834
Not accepting new clients
I work with the goal of assisting my clients to rediscover hope and help them with their struggles of coping with many life issues such as grief, anxiety, depression, and unprocessed trauma. I work primarily from a systems perspective. Many people come to therapy as individuals, couples, and families thinking that communication is the main concern. How we have learned to communicate comes from our familial relationships growing up. Understanding what we have learned and how it contributes to our current relationships helps us to better understand our triggers and process through the way one thinks giving direction for improvement.
I work with the goal of assisting my clients to rediscover hope and help them with their struggles of coping with many life issues such as grief, anxiety, depression, and unprocessed trauma. I work primarily from a systems perspective. Many people come to therapy as individuals, couples, and families thinking that communication is the main concern. How we have learned to communicate comes from our familial relationships growing up. Understanding what we have learned and how it contributes to our current relationships helps us to better understand our triggers and process through the way one thinks giving direction for improvement.
(804) 607-8514 View (804) 607-8514
Photo of Scott Thomas Gilchrist, LCSW, CCATP, CAMS II, CCTP, ADHD-CC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Scott Thomas Gilchrist
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CCATP, CAMS II, CCTP, ADHD-CC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Colonial Heights, VA 23834
I am an LCSW, and I have been working for over 30 years with Adults, children and families who have issues with trauma, anxiety, anger management, couples counseling, addictions, ADHD treatment and assessments and issues related to breaking up families. I am a certified Anger Management Specialist, I'm trained in neurofeedback and EMDR. I am a Certified Clinical ADHD, Anxiety and Trauma Treatment Provider through PESI. I have worked with children, men, women, and couples, trying to strengthen themselves and their families. In all cases, I help and try to achieve their maximum potential through helping the mind, body and spirit.
I am an LCSW, and I have been working for over 30 years with Adults, children and families who have issues with trauma, anxiety, anger management, couples counseling, addictions, ADHD treatment and assessments and issues related to breaking up families. I am a certified Anger Management Specialist, I'm trained in neurofeedback and EMDR. I am a Certified Clinical ADHD, Anxiety and Trauma Treatment Provider through PESI. I have worked with children, men, women, and couples, trying to strengthen themselves and their families. In all cases, I help and try to achieve their maximum potential through helping the mind, body and spirit.
(804) 374-9762 View (804) 374-9762
Photo of undefined - Greenberg & Associates, PhD, MPH, LCP, Psychologist
Greenberg & Associates
Psychologist, PhD, MPH, LCP
Verified Verified
Colonial Heights, VA 23834
Clients who come with a specific need (depression, anxiety, grief, relationship problems), and a willingness to change, will find therapy most efficient and effective. Many people come with a general sense of what is wrong, but seek therapy to help identify the meaning and source of feelings, thoughts, and behaviors that are disturbing. Therapeutic goals can be as simple as diagnosing the concern and developing life strategies to manage symptoms. Goals can be as complicated as working through a history of multiple diagnosis offered by multiple providers and identifying what will work best for this client, then offering treatment.
Clients who come with a specific need (depression, anxiety, grief, relationship problems), and a willingness to change, will find therapy most efficient and effective. Many people come with a general sense of what is wrong, but seek therapy to help identify the meaning and source of feelings, thoughts, and behaviors that are disturbing. Therapeutic goals can be as simple as diagnosing the concern and developing life strategies to manage symptoms. Goals can be as complicated as working through a history of multiple diagnosis offered by multiple providers and identifying what will work best for this client, then offering treatment.
(855) 958-4451 View (855) 958-4451
Photo of Alison Outten, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Alison Outten
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Colonial Heights, VA 23834
Hi, I'm Alison Outten, a Licensed Clinical Social Worker with over 7 years of clinical experience working with individuals in areas including but not limited to depression, anxiety, trauma, substance use, and life coaching. I use a holistic approach that consists of Cognitive Behavioral (CBT), Person-Centered, Supportive, Strength-Based, and Holistic therapies during treatment with clients. I believe in working in partnership with clients to utilize their strengths to help them sort out their challenges and achieve their goals.
Hi, I'm Alison Outten, a Licensed Clinical Social Worker with over 7 years of clinical experience working with individuals in areas including but not limited to depression, anxiety, trauma, substance use, and life coaching. I use a holistic approach that consists of Cognitive Behavioral (CBT), Person-Centered, Supportive, Strength-Based, and Holistic therapies during treatment with clients. I believe in working in partnership with clients to utilize their strengths to help them sort out their challenges and achieve their goals.
(804) 494-4453 View (804) 494-4453
Photo of Brittany Palmer, MS, NCC
Brittany Palmer
Resident in Counseling, MS, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Colonial Heights, VA 23834
I am a Resident in Counseling focused on working with children, adolescents and adults. I believe that healing through life's stressors is not a straight path, and my role as your therapist is to guide you through those difficult times. My outlook for your process is that this is a positive healing journey, where you are heard and understood. My passion for working with Veterans stems from my unique perspective as a Military spouse for over ten years.
I am a Resident in Counseling focused on working with children, adolescents and adults. I believe that healing through life's stressors is not a straight path, and my role as your therapist is to guide you through those difficult times. My outlook for your process is that this is a positive healing journey, where you are heard and understood. My passion for working with Veterans stems from my unique perspective as a Military spouse for over ten years.
(571) 581-6121 x800 View (571) 581-6121 x800
Photo of Ashley Waddell, LCSW, RPT, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Ashley Waddell
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, RPT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Colonial Heights, VA 23834  (Online Only)
Hi, I’m Ashley! I love working with highly ambitious young professional Black women and women of color who desire to reclaim control over their emotions. You may struggle with trauma, anxiety, or stress, making daily life feel unmanageable. Perhaps you hear negative voices in your head from your family and friends, causing self-doubt, inadequacy, or a loss of your voice. You might experience nightmares, flashbacks, or live in a state of constant tension. If you’re ready to overcome these challenges and live boldly with purpose, I am your girl and I’m here to help!
Hi, I’m Ashley! I love working with highly ambitious young professional Black women and women of color who desire to reclaim control over their emotions. You may struggle with trauma, anxiety, or stress, making daily life feel unmanageable. Perhaps you hear negative voices in your head from your family and friends, causing self-doubt, inadequacy, or a loss of your voice. You might experience nightmares, flashbacks, or live in a state of constant tension. If you’re ready to overcome these challenges and live boldly with purpose, I am your girl and I’m here to help!
(804) 570-1950 View (804) 570-1950
Photo of Cynthia Minto, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Cynthia Minto
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Colonial Heights, VA 23834
I am a Richmond-based licensed professional counselor with more than 20-years of experience working with individuals and families in community mental health settings and the military. As a proud military retiree, I have a passion for military members and understand their unique culture and stressors. I have worked extensively with individuals with developmental disabilities and physical disabilities. I am passionate about helping people work through challenging life issues that have been impacted by trauma, marginalization, and lack of autonomy.
I am a Richmond-based licensed professional counselor with more than 20-years of experience working with individuals and families in community mental health settings and the military. As a proud military retiree, I have a passion for military members and understand their unique culture and stressors. I have worked extensively with individuals with developmental disabilities and physical disabilities. I am passionate about helping people work through challenging life issues that have been impacted by trauma, marginalization, and lack of autonomy.
(804) 531-4175 View (804) 531-4175
Photo of Tracy S Moore, LCSW, CCTP, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Tracy S Moore
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CCTP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Colonial Heights, VA 23834
Tracy Moore, LCSW, CTP is a compassionate and experienced therapist specializing in trauma, parenting, substance use, and mood disorders. Integrating expressive arts techniques, including drawing, storytelling, and role-playing, to engage clients in therapy and facilitate emotional expression.She employs evidence-based therapeutic techniques and creates a safe and nonjudgmental space for her clients to explore their thoughts, emotions, and behaviors.
Tracy Moore, LCSW, CTP is a compassionate and experienced therapist specializing in trauma, parenting, substance use, and mood disorders. Integrating expressive arts techniques, including drawing, storytelling, and role-playing, to engage clients in therapy and facilitate emotional expression.She employs evidence-based therapeutic techniques and creates a safe and nonjudgmental space for her clients to explore their thoughts, emotions, and behaviors.
(804) 567-8231 View (804) 567-8231
Photo of undefined - Obsidian Therapy Group, MEd, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Obsidian Therapy Group
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC
Verified Verified
Colonial Heights, VA 23834  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor who has over 20 years of experience as a mental health provider. I currently serve as the Executive Director of a non-profit community outpatient mental health clinic. I also do a lot of behavioral health consulting and teaching as an adjunct instructor at the colleges in the area. In addition, I provide clinical mental health supervision to private agencies, counseling interns and those seeking professional licensure within the state.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor who has over 20 years of experience as a mental health provider. I currently serve as the Executive Director of a non-profit community outpatient mental health clinic. I also do a lot of behavioral health consulting and teaching as an adjunct instructor at the colleges in the area. In addition, I provide clinical mental health supervision to private agencies, counseling interns and those seeking professional licensure within the state.
(804) 655-4927 View (804) 655-4927
Lauren Rowell
Resident in Counseling, MA, LMHP-R
Verified Verified
Colonial Heights, VA 23834
Hello! My name is Lauren! I am a Resident in Counseling and graduated with my Master's in Clinical Mental Health Counseling in 2020 from Liberty University. It is my heart and calling to help people in their journey toward healing and I would be honored to work with you on your journey. I am currently married and have one child. In my free time, I enjoy volunteering with my church's praise and worship team.
Hello! My name is Lauren! I am a Resident in Counseling and graduated with my Master's in Clinical Mental Health Counseling in 2020 from Liberty University. It is my heart and calling to help people in their journey toward healing and I would be honored to work with you on your journey. I am currently married and have one child. In my free time, I enjoy volunteering with my church's praise and worship team.
(804) 294-3752 View (804) 294-3752
Photo of Melissa Marks, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Melissa Marks
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Colonial Heights, VA 23834
I have an array of hands-on experience from initially beginning in healthcare and later transitioning into mental health. I received a master's degree in Marriage and Family in 2013 and a master's degree in Professional Counseling in 2015. I have worked with children, adolescents, and adults struggling with anxiety, depression, PTSD, anger, mood instability, and substance abuse. I believe that we all experience moments where we need additional support and someone to walk alongside us on our journey.
I have an array of hands-on experience from initially beginning in healthcare and later transitioning into mental health. I received a master's degree in Marriage and Family in 2013 and a master's degree in Professional Counseling in 2015. I have worked with children, adolescents, and adults struggling with anxiety, depression, PTSD, anger, mood instability, and substance abuse. I believe that we all experience moments where we need additional support and someone to walk alongside us on our journey.
(757) 797-9105 View (757) 797-9105
Photo of undefined - Got Your Six Counseling Services, PLLC, LPC, CCTP, CSAC, MAC, CSOTP, Licensed Professional Counselor
Got Your Six Counseling Services, PLLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, CCTP, CSAC, MAC, CSOTP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Colonial Heights, VA 23834
Veteran-owned and operated, we seek to help Veterans, First Responders, their Families, and children impacted by traumatic events. We provide specialized individual and group therapy, and provide therapy for a wide range of children, adolescent, and adult clients. We welcome those who are struggling with life issues, depression, anxiety, trauma, coping, gender identity, mood disorders, relationship issues, sexuality, and addictions. We believe that the situations we experience impact us, but do not define us. Our clinicians are trained to help you reach your full potential and overcome difficult situations.
Veteran-owned and operated, we seek to help Veterans, First Responders, their Families, and children impacted by traumatic events. We provide specialized individual and group therapy, and provide therapy for a wide range of children, adolescent, and adult clients. We welcome those who are struggling with life issues, depression, anxiety, trauma, coping, gender identity, mood disorders, relationship issues, sexuality, and addictions. We believe that the situations we experience impact us, but do not define us. Our clinicians are trained to help you reach your full potential and overcome difficult situations.
(571) 636-1800 View (571) 636-1800
Photo of Keshanda Garland, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Keshanda Garland
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Colonial Heights, VA 23834
My name is Keshanda Garland. Please feel free to call me Kesha. I am a Licensed Professional Counselor. and a Virginia Native. I have over 15 years of experience working with clients who have mental health issues. I enjoy working with adults and adolescents, and my specialty lies in working with clients with anxiety disorders, panic attacks, depression, stress and relationship issues, and trauma-related disorders. I am dedicated to helping her client's foster growth and healing through a collaborative therapeutic relationship.
My name is Keshanda Garland. Please feel free to call me Kesha. I am a Licensed Professional Counselor. and a Virginia Native. I have over 15 years of experience working with clients who have mental health issues. I enjoy working with adults and adolescents, and my specialty lies in working with clients with anxiety disorders, panic attacks, depression, stress and relationship issues, and trauma-related disorders. I am dedicated to helping her client's foster growth and healing through a collaborative therapeutic relationship.
(703) 420-1049 View (703) 420-1049
Photo of Arsheia Jones, LPC, CSOTP, CSAC, LSATP, NCC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Arsheia Jones
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, CSOTP, CSAC, LSATP, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Colonial Heights, VA 23834
Not accepting new clients
Do you ever find yourself battling negative thoughts? Feeling overwhelmed with trying to cope with feelings? Are you in need of a space where you can feel seen and heard? Whether you are facing loss, traumas, family conflict, life transitions or difficulty with social wellness, my collaborative and supportive style supports you as you work toward your wellness goals.
Do you ever find yourself battling negative thoughts? Feeling overwhelmed with trying to cope with feelings? Are you in need of a space where you can feel seen and heard? Whether you are facing loss, traumas, family conflict, life transitions or difficulty with social wellness, my collaborative and supportive style supports you as you work toward your wellness goals.
(804) 203-0618 View (804) 203-0618

See more therapy options for Colonial Heights

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Colonial Heights, VA

30+

Average cost per session

$140

Therapists in Colonial Heights, VA who prioritize treating:

86% Depression
84% Anxiety
73% Coping Skills
68% Self Esteem
65% Trauma and PTSD
59% Relationship Issues
57% Stress

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

91% Aetna
82% Anthem | Elevance
71% BlueCross and BlueShield

How Therapists in Colonial Heights, VA see their clients

68% In Person and Online
32% Online Only

Gender breakdown

94% Female
6% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Colonial Heights?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.