Therapists in Forest, VA

Photo of Gwen Seiler, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Gwen Seiler
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Forest, VA 24551
My career background before pursuing a Master of Arts in counseling was as an RN and then as executive director of a nonprofit women's ministry focused on eating disorders and other co-existing conditions. When assessing a client I try to take in the whole person: body, mind, and spirit, considering how each of these components is impacting the others. If a client chooses, I am willing to incorporate Christian faith-based counseling, in addition to a mix of therapeutic approaches. I also provide couples and family counseling. I have been married for 37 years and we have three grown children, 4 grandchildren, and 2 doodle-pups.
My career background before pursuing a Master of Arts in counseling was as an RN and then as executive director of a nonprofit women's ministry focused on eating disorders and other co-existing conditions. When assessing a client I try to take in the whole person: body, mind, and spirit, considering how each of these components is impacting the others. If a client chooses, I am willing to incorporate Christian faith-based counseling, in addition to a mix of therapeutic approaches. I also provide couples and family counseling. I have been married for 37 years and we have three grown children, 4 grandchildren, and 2 doodle-pups.
(434) 201-7441 View (434) 201-7441
Photo of Bosede Balogun, LPC-R, MA
Bosede Balogun
Resident in Counseling, LPC-R, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Forest, VA 24551
I hold an M.A. in Human Services, Marriage and Family Counseling, and Clinical Mental Health Counseling from Liberty University and am a Resident in Counseling. Currently, I am pursuing a Ph.D. in Counselor Education and Supervision. My counseling approach is tailored to each client's specific needs. I incorporate multicultural and creative arts with an eclectic approach to counseling to address each client's needs. I am also trained in EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing).
I hold an M.A. in Human Services, Marriage and Family Counseling, and Clinical Mental Health Counseling from Liberty University and am a Resident in Counseling. Currently, I am pursuing a Ph.D. in Counselor Education and Supervision. My counseling approach is tailored to each client's specific needs. I incorporate multicultural and creative arts with an eclectic approach to counseling to address each client's needs. I am also trained in EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing).
(434) 732-2092 View (434) 732-2092
Photo of Khalil E Karl, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Khalil E Karl
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Forest, VA 24551
I consider it a privilege and am passionate about helping others uncover their own hope, receive healing, and grow to their full potential. I enjoy working alongside individuals, couples, and families collaboratively to help them reach their goals. I believe the foundation of effective counseling is taking in the uniqueness of each individual or family and building a strong therapeutic environment where it is a safe place to be authentic and honest about struggles. I've worked with individuals and families of all ages going through personal and relational conflict.
I consider it a privilege and am passionate about helping others uncover their own hope, receive healing, and grow to their full potential. I enjoy working alongside individuals, couples, and families collaboratively to help them reach their goals. I believe the foundation of effective counseling is taking in the uniqueness of each individual or family and building a strong therapeutic environment where it is a safe place to be authentic and honest about struggles. I've worked with individuals and families of all ages going through personal and relational conflict.
(434) 325-5547 View (434) 325-5547
Photo of Timothy H Barclay - Advanced Psychotherapeutics, PhD, Psychologist
Advanced Psychotherapeutics
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Forest, VA 24551
Our motto: "We don't treat problems, we fix them." We offer the best in counseling and alternative medicine in Virginia. I have been trained in research applications and the clinical use of non-invasive brain stimulation at Harvard Medical School. I'm also trained in neurofeedback. Our therapists treat a variety of disorders to include ADHD, Autism, Mood disorders, substance abuse, marriage and family, and others. We offer the most comprehensive services available in Virginia. In addition to treatment, we are also a training and research facility. Whether you're looking for therapy, life coaching, or brain stimulation, we can help.
Our motto: "We don't treat problems, we fix them." We offer the best in counseling and alternative medicine in Virginia. I have been trained in research applications and the clinical use of non-invasive brain stimulation at Harvard Medical School. I'm also trained in neurofeedback. Our therapists treat a variety of disorders to include ADHD, Autism, Mood disorders, substance abuse, marriage and family, and others. We offer the most comprehensive services available in Virginia. In addition to treatment, we are also a training and research facility. Whether you're looking for therapy, life coaching, or brain stimulation, we can help.
(434) 446-1018 View (434) 446-1018
Photo of Heather Jennings, MA, Counselor
Heather Jennings
Counselor, MA
Not Verified Not Verified
Forest, VA 24551  (Online Only)
I am a passionate Mental Health Life Coach committed to encouraging men and women of any age through difficulties they may face. Sometimes people need redirection and help in finding their best selves. I have been there and look forward to helping walk you through and help you achieve the next level, whether in your career or anxiety and depression, or if you need help with difficult people in your life. My work focuses on targeting irrational thoughts, behaviors, and beliefs that keep us discouraged and feeling stuck in life. At the end of our work together, I believe you will feel more empowered to take the next step.
I am a passionate Mental Health Life Coach committed to encouraging men and women of any age through difficulties they may face. Sometimes people need redirection and help in finding their best selves. I have been there and look forward to helping walk you through and help you achieve the next level, whether in your career or anxiety and depression, or if you need help with difficult people in your life. My work focuses on targeting irrational thoughts, behaviors, and beliefs that keep us discouraged and feeling stuck in life. At the end of our work together, I believe you will feel more empowered to take the next step.
(434) 290-4401 View (434) 290-4401
Photo of Ashton Smith, MA,  LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Ashton Smith
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Forest, VA 24551
Life throws us unexpected curves, hurdles, and struggles. In fact, life can be down right hard. How would life be different if you had an advocate on your side to empathetically and non-judgmentally walk alongside you in your journey to experience healing, growth, and a fulfilling life As a Licensed Professional Counselor, I provide counseling to individuals of all ages and families to address various issues such as trauma, anxiety, anger management, abuse, depression, life changes, parenting issues, grief, attention-deficit disorders, disruptive behavior disorders, and adjustment disorders.
Life throws us unexpected curves, hurdles, and struggles. In fact, life can be down right hard. How would life be different if you had an advocate on your side to empathetically and non-judgmentally walk alongside you in your journey to experience healing, growth, and a fulfilling life As a Licensed Professional Counselor, I provide counseling to individuals of all ages and families to address various issues such as trauma, anxiety, anger management, abuse, depression, life changes, parenting issues, grief, attention-deficit disorders, disruptive behavior disorders, and adjustment disorders.
(434) 623-9395 View (434) 623-9395
Photo of Tara Cothren, M Ed, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Tara Cothren
Licensed Professional Counselor, M Ed, LPC
Verified Verified
Forest, VA 24551
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor in the state of Virginia with over 15 years of experience working in various therapeutic settings. I take an individualized, person centered approach in working with adolescents and adults. I look forward to providing a healing environment to my clients to collaboratively address needs brought to each session. I have extensive training in working with trauma and addressing negative self-limiting beliefs as well as instilling more positive and adaptive methods of coping.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor in the state of Virginia with over 15 years of experience working in various therapeutic settings. I take an individualized, person centered approach in working with adolescents and adults. I look forward to providing a healing environment to my clients to collaboratively address needs brought to each session. I have extensive training in working with trauma and addressing negative self-limiting beliefs as well as instilling more positive and adaptive methods of coping.
(434) 885-0465 View (434) 885-0465
Photo of Krystal Frailey, MA
Krystal Frailey
Resident in Counseling, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Forest, VA 24551
I believe it is crucial for those seeking counseling to encounter a safe and compassionate environment. My goal is to meet clients where they are with warmth, connection, faith in their ability to achieve the outcomes they desire, compassionate challenge, and even humor. I hope that clients leave their therapy experience with increased awareness and insight, new skills, a sense of relief, and expanded knowledge about themselves, others and the world around them.
I believe it is crucial for those seeking counseling to encounter a safe and compassionate environment. My goal is to meet clients where they are with warmth, connection, faith in their ability to achieve the outcomes they desire, compassionate challenge, and even humor. I hope that clients leave their therapy experience with increased awareness and insight, new skills, a sense of relief, and expanded knowledge about themselves, others and the world around them.
(434) 202-4080 View (434) 202-4080
Photo of Kenzie Ribeiro, MA
Kenzie Ribeiro
Resident in Counseling, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Forest, VA 24551
I have a special interest in working with individuals struggling with family relational issues, trauma/PTSD, body image/eating disorders, and anxiety/depression. I help clients overcome tough generational patterns that are hard to break and often stem from one's family of origin. Many of my clients have been through some form of trauma and are in need of a supportive presence to help them process their pain and validate their feelings. No matter your reason for counseling, my goal is to help you grow and restore a greater sense of empowerment and peace to your life.
I have a special interest in working with individuals struggling with family relational issues, trauma/PTSD, body image/eating disorders, and anxiety/depression. I help clients overcome tough generational patterns that are hard to break and often stem from one's family of origin. Many of my clients have been through some form of trauma and are in need of a supportive presence to help them process their pain and validate their feelings. No matter your reason for counseling, my goal is to help you grow and restore a greater sense of empowerment and peace to your life.
(434) 443-5112 View (434) 443-5112
Photo of Lisa Michelle Fox, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Lisa Michelle Fox
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Forest, VA 24551
Just relax, they said - and you want to, but you feel like you can't! What if something goes wrong? It did that one time. You are not alone: many people spend their time dealing with thoughts, emotions, or images that feel intrusive and time-consuming. If you struggle with feeling unlovable, powerless, or unsafe, there is hope. My passion is helping people get unstuck from their experiences such as childhood and adult trauma, PTSD, OCD (Obsessive-compulsive Disorder) and other anxiety and depression related issues and back into living life.
Just relax, they said - and you want to, but you feel like you can't! What if something goes wrong? It did that one time. You are not alone: many people spend their time dealing with thoughts, emotions, or images that feel intrusive and time-consuming. If you struggle with feeling unlovable, powerless, or unsafe, there is hope. My passion is helping people get unstuck from their experiences such as childhood and adult trauma, PTSD, OCD (Obsessive-compulsive Disorder) and other anxiety and depression related issues and back into living life.
(434) 602-9907 View (434) 602-9907
Photo of Nikki Kilian, LPC Intern
Nikki Kilian
LPC Intern
Verified Verified
Forest, VA 24551
Life can throw you unexpected curve balls and sometimes knock the wind completely out of you. Whatever life has thrown at you, I am here to listen. Your story is unique, your life is your own, and thankfully no matter what has come your way, both are malleable. My heart is to come alongside you through this challenging time. To uplift and empower you as you make the hard changes.
Life can throw you unexpected curve balls and sometimes knock the wind completely out of you. Whatever life has thrown at you, I am here to listen. Your story is unique, your life is your own, and thankfully no matter what has come your way, both are malleable. My heart is to come alongside you through this challenging time. To uplift and empower you as you make the hard changes.
(434) 623-5363 View (434) 623-5363
Photo of Emily Woody, MEd , LPC , CEDS, Counselor
Emily Woody
Counselor, MEd , LPC , CEDS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Forest, VA 24551
Emily has a passion for working with individuals dealing with matters such as transition to adulthood, relationship issues, Eating Disorders, and trauma history. She uses a variety of techniques when developing rich relationships with her clients to help them overcome their challenges. Emily believes in all around wellness with the body and soul and incorporates this into her therapy sessions. She has training in Telehealth Services, CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy), TF-CBT (Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy) and Basic EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing). Emily is a Certified Eating Disorder Specialist.
Emily has a passion for working with individuals dealing with matters such as transition to adulthood, relationship issues, Eating Disorders, and trauma history. She uses a variety of techniques when developing rich relationships with her clients to help them overcome their challenges. Emily believes in all around wellness with the body and soul and incorporates this into her therapy sessions. She has training in Telehealth Services, CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy), TF-CBT (Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy) and Basic EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing). Emily is a Certified Eating Disorder Specialist.
(434) 597-3328 x116 View (434) 597-3328 x116
Photo of Avigyil Buehler, MEd, Licensed Professional Counselor
Avigyil Buehler
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd
Verified Verified
Forest, VA 24551  (Online Only)
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor with a diverse background in mental health; working with issues including anxiety, depression, attachment injuries, domestic violence, parenting concerns, communication, boundaries, emotional regulation, Adverse Childhood Experiences/family of origin, grief/loss, chronic illness, etc. I prefer to use a holistic model, taking into account biopsychosocial factors in a person's life, rather than treating symptoms alone. When we work towards harmony among all systems in the body and with the rest of the world, we can find deeper, sustainable healing.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor with a diverse background in mental health; working with issues including anxiety, depression, attachment injuries, domestic violence, parenting concerns, communication, boundaries, emotional regulation, Adverse Childhood Experiences/family of origin, grief/loss, chronic illness, etc. I prefer to use a holistic model, taking into account biopsychosocial factors in a person's life, rather than treating symptoms alone. When we work towards harmony among all systems in the body and with the rest of the world, we can find deeper, sustainable healing.
(434) 362-5111 View (434) 362-5111
Photo of Keith D Huffman, LPC-S, Licensed Professional Counselor
Keith D Huffman
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC-S
Verified Verified
Forest, VA 24551  (Online Only)
My ideal client are the ones who tried therapy in the past, felt like it didn't match or work as well as they had wanted and are hesitant to try again but hold out hope that they can have the life they always wanted. One of the greatest feelings I have as a therapist is watching a client is seeing a client go from lack of confidence and hope to to a place of confidence, peace and happiness.
My ideal client are the ones who tried therapy in the past, felt like it didn't match or work as well as they had wanted and are hesitant to try again but hold out hope that they can have the life they always wanted. One of the greatest feelings I have as a therapist is watching a client is seeing a client go from lack of confidence and hope to to a place of confidence, peace and happiness.
(434) 226-5745 View (434) 226-5745
Photo of Heather J Aldridge, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Heather J Aldridge
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Forest, VA 24551  (Online Only)
I enjoy working collaboratively with women who feel stuck in a particular place. Often these times are during a transition phase of life coupled with some grieving for a particular phase of life being left behind. I have a natural curiosity for why people do the things they do and this helps me to be inquisitive yet not judgemental regarding a person's behavior. I have a strong faith based background and will seek to use whatever spiritual strengths a person has to move them further along in the process of healing and adjusting to their new reality.
I enjoy working collaboratively with women who feel stuck in a particular place. Often these times are during a transition phase of life coupled with some grieving for a particular phase of life being left behind. I have a natural curiosity for why people do the things they do and this helps me to be inquisitive yet not judgemental regarding a person's behavior. I have a strong faith based background and will seek to use whatever spiritual strengths a person has to move them further along in the process of healing and adjusting to their new reality.
(540) 296-2680 View (540) 296-2680
Photo of Shannon Soto, MA, LPC-R
Shannon Soto
Resident in Counseling, MA, LPC-R
Verified Verified
Forest, VA 24551
I am an outpatient therapist in private practice taking new clients at this time. I specialize in working with survivors, women and people who are learning to know their voice, their thoughts, their emotions as life enhancers, and discovering what they need to flourish. I aim to offer clients space to process emotions in a safe place and to come to know themselves and their needs for improved self-efficacy and empowerment.
I am an outpatient therapist in private practice taking new clients at this time. I specialize in working with survivors, women and people who are learning to know their voice, their thoughts, their emotions as life enhancers, and discovering what they need to flourish. I aim to offer clients space to process emotions in a safe place and to come to know themselves and their needs for improved self-efficacy and empowerment.
(434) 505-8433 View (434) 505-8433
Photo of Marisa Jones, LCPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Marisa Jones
Licensed Professional Counselor, LCPC
Verified Verified
Forest, VA 24551
Hello! If you're seeking support for yourself, your child, or your family, Marisa is here to help. Whether you're navigating challenges with children, adolescents, or family dynamics, you're looking for a therapist who understands the complexities of your experiences. You desire a collaborative approach to healing, where your unique life experiences, relationships, and beliefs are honored and explored. Your goal is to find healing and growth in a safe, accepting environment where you feel understood and supported.
Hello! If you're seeking support for yourself, your child, or your family, Marisa is here to help. Whether you're navigating challenges with children, adolescents, or family dynamics, you're looking for a therapist who understands the complexities of your experiences. You desire a collaborative approach to healing, where your unique life experiences, relationships, and beliefs are honored and explored. Your goal is to find healing and growth in a safe, accepting environment where you feel understood and supported.
(434) 277-4691 View (434) 277-4691
Photo of Ashleigh Nicole Spencer, CSAC-S
Ashleigh Nicole Spencer
Resident in Counseling, CSAC-S
Verified Verified
Forest, VA 24551
Hello! I am a licensed Resident in Counseling in Virginia and am supervised by Kathleen Van Allen, LPC. I specialize in working with individuals, couples and families struggling with a variety of concerns from difficulties with self-esteem and self-worth to processing the many different forms of stressors that life can bring. I have experience in working with addiction, anxiety, depression and mood disorders (including premenstrual dysphoric disorder), obsessive compulsive disorder and borderline personality disorder. Other specialties include moms, dads, and military deployment.
Hello! I am a licensed Resident in Counseling in Virginia and am supervised by Kathleen Van Allen, LPC. I specialize in working with individuals, couples and families struggling with a variety of concerns from difficulties with self-esteem and self-worth to processing the many different forms of stressors that life can bring. I have experience in working with addiction, anxiety, depression and mood disorders (including premenstrual dysphoric disorder), obsessive compulsive disorder and borderline personality disorder. Other specialties include moms, dads, and military deployment.
(434) 201-3440 View (434) 201-3440
Photo of Michelle Smith, LPC, PMH-C, RPT-S, ACS, NCC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Michelle Smith
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, PMH-C, RPT-S, ACS, NCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Forest, VA 24551
Waitlist for new clients
I think the first thing someone seeking help needs to release is a sense of wrongness - "I let this happen," "I'm no good," "If only I had..." These are all normal, human responses, but they are also hurtful and create a false sense of self. The reason I became a counselor was to help those individuals carrying around guilt and shame. It affects everything - your relationships, your work, everything! I want everyone to thrive and live their fullest life. Being able to see yourself clearly, not for what you've done or did not do, is a powerful healing agent.
I think the first thing someone seeking help needs to release is a sense of wrongness - "I let this happen," "I'm no good," "If only I had..." These are all normal, human responses, but they are also hurtful and create a false sense of self. The reason I became a counselor was to help those individuals carrying around guilt and shame. It affects everything - your relationships, your work, everything! I want everyone to thrive and live their fullest life. Being able to see yourself clearly, not for what you've done or did not do, is a powerful healing agent.
(434) 505-5451 View (434) 505-5451
Photo of Pius Asamoah, MA, LMHP-R, Pre-Licensed Professional
Pius Asamoah
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, LMHP-R
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Forest, VA 24551
Not accepting new clients
I am a Resident in Counseling working towards becoming a Licensed Professional Counselor. I received my BS in Psychology and an MA in Clinical Mental Health Counseling. I have experience in community-based mental health services, school based counseling, and outpatient counseling. I'm very passionate about equipping children, adolescents, and adults with the proper tools they need in order to live a victorious and enriching life.
I am a Resident in Counseling working towards becoming a Licensed Professional Counselor. I received my BS in Psychology and an MA in Clinical Mental Health Counseling. I have experience in community-based mental health services, school based counseling, and outpatient counseling. I'm very passionate about equipping children, adolescents, and adults with the proper tools they need in order to live a victorious and enriching life.
(434) 478-4915 View (434) 478-4915
1

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Forest, VA

60+

Average cost per session

$100

Therapists in Forest, VA who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
83% Depression
78% Trauma and PTSD
77% Relationship Issues
69% Stress
68% Self Esteem
60% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

83% Anthem | Elevance
75% Aetna
75% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Forest, VA see their clients

91% In Person and Online
9% Online Only

Gender breakdown

77% Female
23% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Forest?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.