Therapists in 64111

Photo of Krissy Pratt, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 64111, MO
Krissy Pratt
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LSCSW
Verified Verified
Kansas City, MO 64111  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
True healing happens in community. Whatever you have experienced, I am here to help you understand and commit to your values. No one deserves to suffer and I believe wholeheartedly in a person's ability to change. My experience working with survivors & offenders of domestic violence has allowed me to witness the strength of a caring and accepting community and I am committed to creating such an environment for all my clients.
True healing happens in community. Whatever you have experienced, I am here to help you understand and commit to your values. No one deserves to suffer and I believe wholeheartedly in a person's ability to change. My experience working with survivors & offenders of domestic violence has allowed me to witness the strength of a caring and accepting community and I am committed to creating such an environment for all my clients.
(816) 323-6609 View (816) 323-6609
Photo of Kara Joy Werner, Licensed Professional Counselor in 64111, MO
Kara Joy Werner
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, LCPC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Kansas City, MO 64111  (Online Only)
We are all just walking each other home. While I bring a deep love for/nerdiness about how we become us, you know you best. You've got the map and say where to go — I empower you to navigate, process, unpack and heal. We will work to make connections, identify patterns/themes and reframe old stories that no longer serve you. I am also trained in EMDR & approach therapy through a trauma-informed, systemic, anti-oppression lens, practicing cultural humility. I am a visionary curator of transformative experiences. If you have tried therapy before and are still struggling and/or are ready to change your trajectory, call me.
We are all just walking each other home. While I bring a deep love for/nerdiness about how we become us, you know you best. You've got the map and say where to go — I empower you to navigate, process, unpack and heal. We will work to make connections, identify patterns/themes and reframe old stories that no longer serve you. I am also trained in EMDR & approach therapy through a trauma-informed, systemic, anti-oppression lens, practicing cultural humility. I am a visionary curator of transformative experiences. If you have tried therapy before and are still struggling and/or are ready to change your trajectory, call me.
(816) 656-3398 View (816) 656-3398
Photo of Justin Grotheer, Marriage & Family Therapist in 64111, MO
Justin Grotheer
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, PLMFT
Verified Verified
Kansas City, MO 64111  (Online Only)
Hello, and welcome! I’m glad you’ve found your way to this space. Life is hard sometimes! We can all use a little help. I work to help you feel less overwhelm—and more of the joy and belonging you are searching for. I help you find a way out of distress or feeling stuck, and back to your best self. We’ll figure out the map to your best self together, and then start moving toward an increased sense of joy, strength, calm, and freedom. If that is something you’d like for yourself, contact me for a consultation. It is my honor to accompany so many wonderful people on the journey to wellness!
Hello, and welcome! I’m glad you’ve found your way to this space. Life is hard sometimes! We can all use a little help. I work to help you feel less overwhelm—and more of the joy and belonging you are searching for. I help you find a way out of distress or feeling stuck, and back to your best self. We’ll figure out the map to your best self together, and then start moving toward an increased sense of joy, strength, calm, and freedom. If that is something you’d like for yourself, contact me for a consultation. It is my honor to accompany so many wonderful people on the journey to wellness!
(816) 290-6829 View (816) 290-6829
Photo of Tiffany Radcliff, Licensed Professional Counselor in 64111, MO
Tiffany Radcliff
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, LCPC
Verified Verified
Kansas City, MO 64111  (Online Only)
I am Licensed Professional Counselor in Missouri and Kansas. I describe myself as empathetic, warm, and calm and I enjoy developing a connection and a collaborative relationship with clients to help them understand the impact of anxiety, stress, and depression while also helping them learn and develop skills to manage their emotions and develop effective problem-solving skills that reinforce personal growth and improve overall mental and physical health.
I am Licensed Professional Counselor in Missouri and Kansas. I describe myself as empathetic, warm, and calm and I enjoy developing a connection and a collaborative relationship with clients to help them understand the impact of anxiety, stress, and depression while also helping them learn and develop skills to manage their emotions and develop effective problem-solving skills that reinforce personal growth and improve overall mental and physical health.
(816) 312-4653 x21 View (816) 312-4653 x21
Photo of Donna K Burgess, Licensed Professional Counselor in 64111, MO
Donna K Burgess
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, EdS, LPC
Verified Verified
Kansas City, MO 64111
Overwhelmed? Everyone needs help occasionally through life transitions. Do you have trouble saying no? Do you feel like you do not value yourself enough or have difficulty setting boundaries? Do you have traumatic or abusive experiences (or episodes of panic)? Do you overanalyze things? I have extensive helping experience with these and other issues. I work to get to the root of these issues.
Overwhelmed? Everyone needs help occasionally through life transitions. Do you have trouble saying no? Do you feel like you do not value yourself enough or have difficulty setting boundaries? Do you have traumatic or abusive experiences (or episodes of panic)? Do you overanalyze things? I have extensive helping experience with these and other issues. I work to get to the root of these issues.
(816) 607-3869 View (816) 607-3869
Photo of Tanner Edwards, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 64111, MO
Tanner Edwards
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Kansas City, MO 64111
I provide a therapy called ERP (exposure and response prevention) for people with OCD. If you’re reading this, you probably know that OCD can take on a life of its own. My clients are trying their best to keep themselves and their loved ones safe, yet OCD can become incredibly time consuming and take attention away from the very activities and people that matter most. With treatment, my clients are increasingly able to feel a sense of safety in their lives and join others instead of needing to control the moment.
I provide a therapy called ERP (exposure and response prevention) for people with OCD. If you’re reading this, you probably know that OCD can take on a life of its own. My clients are trying their best to keep themselves and their loved ones safe, yet OCD can become incredibly time consuming and take attention away from the very activities and people that matter most. With treatment, my clients are increasingly able to feel a sense of safety in their lives and join others instead of needing to control the moment.
(816) 227-6894 View (816) 227-6894
Photo of Jameshia Sykes, Licensed Professional Counselor in 64111, MO
Jameshia Sykes
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, RYT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kansas City, MO 64111  (Online Only)
I specialize in helping individuals heal low self-esteem and its debilitating consequences- anxiety, depression, negative self-talk, people pleasing, and co-dependency. Feeling like you are not good enough? You’re not alone! Low self-esteem is a core issue for many who seek therapy. You may struggle with healthy relationships, find constructive criticism overwhelming, have poor boundaries, lack assertive communication, and have low performance at work/school. Living with low self-confidence and its effects is exhausting. It really IS possible to love yourself, speak kinder to yourself, and to end feelings of shame/guilt. I can help!
I specialize in helping individuals heal low self-esteem and its debilitating consequences- anxiety, depression, negative self-talk, people pleasing, and co-dependency. Feeling like you are not good enough? You’re not alone! Low self-esteem is a core issue for many who seek therapy. You may struggle with healthy relationships, find constructive criticism overwhelming, have poor boundaries, lack assertive communication, and have low performance at work/school. Living with low self-confidence and its effects is exhausting. It really IS possible to love yourself, speak kinder to yourself, and to end feelings of shame/guilt. I can help!
(816) 326-2965 View (816) 326-2965
Photo of Jason C Purinton in 64111, MO
Jason C Purinton
MS, PLPC, CRC
Verified Verified
Kansas City, MO 64111
Jason Purinton is a Certified Rehabilitation Counselor focusing on career counseling and job placements. Vocational Pros, LLC is an employment services firm specializing in career coaching and vocational consultation to individuals, corporations, and institutions. I provide placement and support to those looking for employment and those looking for more satisfying careers. These services include vocational assessment, testing, consulting, earning capacity evaluation, labor market access, job placement, and post-placement support.
Jason Purinton is a Certified Rehabilitation Counselor focusing on career counseling and job placements. Vocational Pros, LLC is an employment services firm specializing in career coaching and vocational consultation to individuals, corporations, and institutions. I provide placement and support to those looking for employment and those looking for more satisfying careers. These services include vocational assessment, testing, consulting, earning capacity evaluation, labor market access, job placement, and post-placement support.
(816) 227-6570 View (816) 227-6570
Photo of Kiley Gerkovich, Pre-Licensed Professional in 64111, MO
Kiley Gerkovich
Pre-Licensed Professional, SMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kansas City, MO 64111
How do we become proud of ourselves, feel self-love, confidence, calmness, & peace? These questions may feel familiar to you, & the truth is, the answer looks different for everyone. Simple tasks can feel like a mountain to climb & self-criticism consumes our day echoing "what's wrong with me?" This experience feel isolating. We have all felt self-doubt. Maybe we have even felt so lost we question our identity altogether. Living in a world of constant comparison, it's easy to doubt ourselves. Now we find ourselves wanting freedom from this pattern, we are hungry & eager for change. You want to thrive, not just survive.
How do we become proud of ourselves, feel self-love, confidence, calmness, & peace? These questions may feel familiar to you, & the truth is, the answer looks different for everyone. Simple tasks can feel like a mountain to climb & self-criticism consumes our day echoing "what's wrong with me?" This experience feel isolating. We have all felt self-doubt. Maybe we have even felt so lost we question our identity altogether. Living in a world of constant comparison, it's easy to doubt ourselves. Now we find ourselves wanting freedom from this pattern, we are hungry & eager for change. You want to thrive, not just survive.
(816) 484-3746 View (816) 484-3746
Photo of From A Strong Place, Licensed Professional Counselor in 64111, MO
From A Strong Place
Licensed Professional Counselor, LCPC, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Kansas City, MO 64111  (Online Only)
**Online Services Only** As a counselor, I seek to provide counseling that fits the need of the client. From A Strong Place is a safe space that offers convenient telehealth for adults, young adults, and teens.
**Online Services Only** As a counselor, I seek to provide counseling that fits the need of the client. From A Strong Place is a safe space that offers convenient telehealth for adults, young adults, and teens.
(816) 239-3205 View (816) 239-3205
Photo of Andrea Stover, Marriage & Family Therapist in 64111, MO
Andrea Stover
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD, MS, LMFT, LCMFT
Verified Verified
Kansas City, MO 64111
Relationships are my passion! Whether it be your relationship with yourself, your partner, or life itself, I aim to help people more deeply connect with their authentic selves. When we're living out of alignment, we can have a whole host of symptoms, and it's difficult to get clear about what to do next when we can't see things accurately. Trauma is real. Fear is inevitable. Being disconnected from your heart can also be a thing. Any of these factors can lead to hinderances on your path to leading a soulful life. If you're at a crossroads and unsure which way to go, let me help you illuminate your path forward!
Relationships are my passion! Whether it be your relationship with yourself, your partner, or life itself, I aim to help people more deeply connect with their authentic selves. When we're living out of alignment, we can have a whole host of symptoms, and it's difficult to get clear about what to do next when we can't see things accurately. Trauma is real. Fear is inevitable. Being disconnected from your heart can also be a thing. Any of these factors can lead to hinderances on your path to leading a soulful life. If you're at a crossroads and unsure which way to go, let me help you illuminate your path forward!
(816) 227-6688 View (816) 227-6688
Photo of Cognitions: Anxiety/Depression Treatment Services in 64111, MO
Cognitions: Anxiety/Depression Treatment Services
Verified Verified
Kansas City, MO 64111
Adolescent and adult clients seeking group treatment for depression, adjustment disorders and anxiety (generalized anxiety, social anxiety etc.).
Adolescent and adult clients seeking group treatment for depression, adjustment disorders and anxiety (generalized anxiety, social anxiety etc.).
(816) 327-9134 View (816) 327-9134
Photo of Jill Hamilton, Marriage & Family Therapist in 64111, MO
Jill Hamilton
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS , LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Kansas City, MO 64111
Maybe you're feeling stuck. Maybe you are seeking answers but not able to see through the darkness. Maybe peace feels impossible. Maybe you're questioning who you are or going through a life transition. Maybe it's your relationship or parenting or past hurts. This life experience is filled with highs, lows, and in-between moments. At times, we all want someone to join in our journey and walk alongside us so we can feel supported. I am here to meet you where you are in your life right now. As a Marriage and Family Therapist, I believe that all of life is relational, whether that is within or outside with family, friends, society.
Maybe you're feeling stuck. Maybe you are seeking answers but not able to see through the darkness. Maybe peace feels impossible. Maybe you're questioning who you are or going through a life transition. Maybe it's your relationship or parenting or past hurts. This life experience is filled with highs, lows, and in-between moments. At times, we all want someone to join in our journey and walk alongside us so we can feel supported. I am here to meet you where you are in your life right now. As a Marriage and Family Therapist, I believe that all of life is relational, whether that is within or outside with family, friends, society.
(816) 839-9683 View (816) 839-9683
Photo of Abby Galyon, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 64111, MO
Abby Galyon
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Kansas City, MO 64111  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I enjoy working with individuals from all backgrounds and belief systems. I have several years of experience supporting individuals and families in crisis, as well as dealing with acute grief and loss. Whether you are new to therapy or just haven’t found the right therapist, I would be honored to be a part of your journey to growth and healing.
I enjoy working with individuals from all backgrounds and belief systems. I have several years of experience supporting individuals and families in crisis, as well as dealing with acute grief and loss. Whether you are new to therapy or just haven’t found the right therapist, I would be honored to be a part of your journey to growth and healing.
(816) 693-6963 View (816) 693-6963
Photo of Justin Mann, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 64111, MO
Justin Mann
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Kansas City, MO 64111  (Online Only)
Justin Mann is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) who has 8 years of experience in the mental health field. Justin specializes in helping people overcome their struggles with depression, anxiety, substance use, and trauma. He also specializes in couples counseling and family therapy. Justin enjoys playing music and spending time with his wife and two sons. Justin completed his Master of Social Work (MSW) at Saint Louis University, where he graduated as part of the Phi Alpha Honor Society. He has certifications in Co-Occurring Disorders and Medication Assisted Recovery.
Justin Mann is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) who has 8 years of experience in the mental health field. Justin specializes in helping people overcome their struggles with depression, anxiety, substance use, and trauma. He also specializes in couples counseling and family therapy. Justin enjoys playing music and spending time with his wife and two sons. Justin completed his Master of Social Work (MSW) at Saint Louis University, where he graduated as part of the Phi Alpha Honor Society. He has certifications in Co-Occurring Disorders and Medication Assisted Recovery.
(417) 216-6071 View (417) 216-6071
Photo of Darbi Keene, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 64111, MO
Darbi Keene
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Kansas City, MO 64111  (Online Only)
You're tired of regular "talk therapy" and are sick of being stuck in a cycle that leaves you feeling burnt out. Maybe you are LGBTQ+ or Neurodivergent and need someone who understands the nuances of that. Do you want to learn distress tolerance skills to use in moments where it seems like the overwhelming emotions you feel are a dangerous tidal wave about to crash around you? Are you a caretaker who has discovered how overstimulating parenting is and want to improve your own emotional regulation so that you can help your child regulate? You are capable of the hard things. Let me help you find that capability within yourself!
You're tired of regular "talk therapy" and are sick of being stuck in a cycle that leaves you feeling burnt out. Maybe you are LGBTQ+ or Neurodivergent and need someone who understands the nuances of that. Do you want to learn distress tolerance skills to use in moments where it seems like the overwhelming emotions you feel are a dangerous tidal wave about to crash around you? Are you a caretaker who has discovered how overstimulating parenting is and want to improve your own emotional regulation so that you can help your child regulate? You are capable of the hard things. Let me help you find that capability within yourself!
(816) 312-5962 View (816) 312-5962
Photo of Lori Alvarez, Marriage & Family Therapist in 64111, MO
Lori Alvarez
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
Kansas City, MO 64111
It can feel impossible to tell what’s going on within ourselves. Sometimes we feel so disconnected that it takes getting physically ill to finally see how stressed we are. How can we untangle all of our conflicting thoughts on top of dealing with life’s stressors? I’m here to help you find your voice in all the noise. I love helping people learn how to listen to their thoughts and emotions without being controlled by them. Therapy in my office is a place to explore and understand yourself to new depths. Reach out if you feel ready to give it a try.
It can feel impossible to tell what’s going on within ourselves. Sometimes we feel so disconnected that it takes getting physically ill to finally see how stressed we are. How can we untangle all of our conflicting thoughts on top of dealing with life’s stressors? I’m here to help you find your voice in all the noise. I love helping people learn how to listen to their thoughts and emotions without being controlled by them. Therapy in my office is a place to explore and understand yourself to new depths. Reach out if you feel ready to give it a try.
(816) 608-7822 View (816) 608-7822
Photo of Nikol Averbuch, Licensed Professional Counselor in 64111, MO
Nikol Averbuch
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MEd, MPT
Verified Verified
Kansas City, MO 64111
Counseling provides an opportunity for people to explore areas of their lives and relationships that may feel dissatisfying, difficult, or even painful. It takes courage for us to look at parts of ourselves and our relationships that are troubling, especially when we're not sure exactly where to begin or what's not feeling quite right. Therapy is a journey, a path toward developing a connection to our own deepest knowing and inner strengths. With increased awareness and internal supports, we feel more hope, strength and freedom to live as fully as possible.
Counseling provides an opportunity for people to explore areas of their lives and relationships that may feel dissatisfying, difficult, or even painful. It takes courage for us to look at parts of ourselves and our relationships that are troubling, especially when we're not sure exactly where to begin or what's not feeling quite right. Therapy is a journey, a path toward developing a connection to our own deepest knowing and inner strengths. With increased awareness and internal supports, we feel more hope, strength and freedom to live as fully as possible.
(816) 929-6118 View (816) 929-6118
Photo of Larry Sidney, Licensed Professional Counselor in 64111, MO
Larry Sidney
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kansas City, MO 64111
For over 20 years, I have helped individuals, couples & families resolve their difficulties of depression, anxiety, stress, loss or grief, trauma incidents, couple/marital or relational matters by utilizing a cognitive behavioral, solution-focused treatment approach. I provide compassionate care and am genuinely concerned about the people I treat. My approach incorporates an action oriented aspect in bringing about the change that clients desire or request.
For over 20 years, I have helped individuals, couples & families resolve their difficulties of depression, anxiety, stress, loss or grief, trauma incidents, couple/marital or relational matters by utilizing a cognitive behavioral, solution-focused treatment approach. I provide compassionate care and am genuinely concerned about the people I treat. My approach incorporates an action oriented aspect in bringing about the change that clients desire or request.
(816) 521-6209 View (816) 521-6209
Photo of Jerald Payne, LSCSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 64111, MO
Jerald Payne, LSCSW, LCSW
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSCSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kansas City, MO 64111
I work with individuals, couples and families on such issues as relationship issues, problem solving, conflict resolution, communication enhancement, anger management, drug/alcohol abuse and addiction. Many clients present with depression, bipolar disorder and other mood disorders, psychotic disorders, ADHD, childhood disorders such as conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, etc. I work with adults and couples on relationship/marital issues, domestic violence, etc. I work with clients who have experienced abuse, both sexual and physical. I assist parents with parent-child relational issues and behavior modification skill development. I also assist clients with anxiety disorders, grief/loss issues and struggles with adjusting to life circumstances.
I work with individuals, couples and families on such issues as relationship issues, problem solving, conflict resolution, communication enhancement, anger management, drug/alcohol abuse and addiction. Many clients present with depression, bipolar disorder and other mood disorders, psychotic disorders, ADHD, childhood disorders such as conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, etc. I work with adults and couples on relationship/marital issues, domestic violence, etc. I work with clients who have experienced abuse, both sexual and physical. I assist parents with parent-child relational issues and behavior modification skill development. I also assist clients with anxiety disorders, grief/loss issues and struggles with adjusting to life circumstances.
(816) 839-9448 View (816) 839-9448

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 64111

100+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in 64111 who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
85% Depression
77% Relationship Issues
76% Trauma and PTSD
72% Self Esteem
66% Stress
61% Grief

Average years in practice

8 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

69% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
61% Aetna
53% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in 64111 see their clients

76% In Person and Online
24% Online Only

Gender breakdown

77% Female
21% Male
2% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 64111?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.