Photo of Dr Jeannie Bertoli-Online Couples Crisis Counsling, Marriage & Family Therapist in 33715, FL
Dr Jeannie Bertoli-Online Couples Crisis Counsling
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD, LMFC, CHWC
Verified Verified
Saint Petersburg, FL 33715  (Online Only)
What is happening in your relationship that has you here today? Has one of you had an affair or are dealing with a past trauma? Are you frustrated and dissatisfied with your communication? Are you wondering if you should even stay together? I know you want to feel cared about and prioritized. You need to work together and build trust. You want to feel good again. No matter what kind of relationship challenge you have right now, you have come to the right place. Couples, couples, couples - let's get started and get you to a better place as soon as possible. We will figure this out together!
What is happening in your relationship that has you here today? Has one of you had an affair or are dealing with a past trauma? Are you frustrated and dissatisfied with your communication? Are you wondering if you should even stay together? I know you want to feel cared about and prioritized. You need to work together and build trust. You want to feel good again. No matter what kind of relationship challenge you have right now, you have come to the right place. Couples, couples, couples - let's get started and get you to a better place as soon as possible. We will figure this out together!
(727) 947-1898 View (727) 947-1898
Photo of Ginger Irene Hannigan, Counselor in 33715, FL
Ginger Irene Hannigan
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Welcome and thank you for reviewing my page. A supportive word from me to you: Making a decision to gain a better sense of yourself, redefining (or defining) your value and your purpose in life, is the greatest gift you can offer to yourself and those around you. I anticipate journeying with you and warmly invite you to take the opportunity to reach out to me for a personal consultation.
Welcome and thank you for reviewing my page. A supportive word from me to you: Making a decision to gain a better sense of yourself, redefining (or defining) your value and your purpose in life, is the greatest gift you can offer to yourself and those around you. I anticipate journeying with you and warmly invite you to take the opportunity to reach out to me for a personal consultation.
(727) 325-6588 View (727) 325-6588
Photo of Inner Journeys Therapy, Marriage & Family Therapist in 33715, FL
Inner Journeys Therapy
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, MFT
Verified Verified
We are all on a journey in life.Family, work, relationships, marriage, kids...need I say more? There are times in life when we feel stressed beyond repair, helpless, maybe even hopeless. During these difficult times it can be hard to ask for help. If you make the first step, I'll come along side of you and aid in your your journey towards health, balance, and happiness. I assist individuals, couples, families, and children through difficult situations with understanding, acceptance, and with genuine caring. I will collaborate with you to help guide your journey, as we work together to find health and wellness.
We are all on a journey in life.Family, work, relationships, marriage, kids...need I say more? There are times in life when we feel stressed beyond repair, helpless, maybe even hopeless. During these difficult times it can be hard to ask for help. If you make the first step, I'll come along side of you and aid in your your journey towards health, balance, and happiness. I assist individuals, couples, families, and children through difficult situations with understanding, acceptance, and with genuine caring. I will collaborate with you to help guide your journey, as we work together to find health and wellness.
(775) 319-4550 View (775) 319-4550
Photo of Monica Burton, Marriage & Family Therapist in 33715, FL
Monica Burton
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
Tierra Verde, FL 33715
Hello and thank you for reading my profile. I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT). I use a systemic approach to emphasize factors such as relationships and communication patterns. By seeking therapy you are starting the journey to a healthier happier you. You are taking the steps necessary to find your voice and start living to your life's potential. It is my belief that your greatest change comes from within. My goal is to help you make that change, and start getting fulfillment from your life and your relationships.
Hello and thank you for reading my profile. I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT). I use a systemic approach to emphasize factors such as relationships and communication patterns. By seeking therapy you are starting the journey to a healthier happier you. You are taking the steps necessary to find your voice and start living to your life's potential. It is my belief that your greatest change comes from within. My goal is to help you make that change, and start getting fulfillment from your life and your relationships.
(727) 334-2921 View (727) 334-2921
Photo of Sara Leslie, Psychologist in 33715, FL
Sara Leslie
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
I believe in a mind/body connection, in which physical ailments can affect the mind and mental concerns or stress can affect someone physically. Therefore, I feel it is necessary to look at a person as a whole when you come to me for help. I will take a comprehensive look at all aspects of your life in order to determine the best course of treatment. In addition, I am passionate about therapy! I have seen psycho-therapy change people’s lives for the better and believe this might be possible for you too. Call and schedule an appointment today.
I believe in a mind/body connection, in which physical ailments can affect the mind and mental concerns or stress can affect someone physically. Therefore, I feel it is necessary to look at a person as a whole when you come to me for help. I will take a comprehensive look at all aspects of your life in order to determine the best course of treatment. In addition, I am passionate about therapy! I have seen psycho-therapy change people’s lives for the better and believe this might be possible for you too. Call and schedule an appointment today.
(727) 359-0085 View (727) 359-0085
Photo of Erin Wiley, Licensed Mental Health Counselor in 33715, FL
Erin Wiley
Licensed Mental Health Counselor, MA, LMHC, LPCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
As a therapist in my fifties, with a 27 year marriage and 2 college kids, I not only have my education & clinical experience to offer you, but life experience as well. My goal is to help you (& your partner or family if you wish) improve your overall happiness and life satisfaction. I use the newest, most effective therapy techniques to assist you in healing your mind, your heart, & your relationships. For 7 years in a row I've been named the best therapist in Toledo, Ohio, and in 2023 I started seeing clients in Seminole as well. I look forward to talking with you about how I can help you change your life for the BETTER!
As a therapist in my fifties, with a 27 year marriage and 2 college kids, I not only have my education & clinical experience to offer you, but life experience as well. My goal is to help you (& your partner or family if you wish) improve your overall happiness and life satisfaction. I use the newest, most effective therapy techniques to assist you in healing your mind, your heart, & your relationships. For 7 years in a row I've been named the best therapist in Toledo, Ohio, and in 2023 I started seeing clients in Seminole as well. I look forward to talking with you about how I can help you change your life for the BETTER!
(727) 361-2291 View (727) 361-2291
Photo of Kelly Holder Venuti, Counselor in 33715, FL
Kelly Holder Venuti
Counselor, MS, LMHC, CCBDC, CBHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Tierra Verde, FL 33715
Are you suffering from chronic stress and anxiety? You are most likely experiencing physical symptoms as well, such as headaches, digestive issues, lack of sleep, and brain fog to name a few. There is a direct connection between our physical and mental health. You don't need to suffer any longer! I will work alongside you to create a wellness plan that meets your needs! You will learn how heal with a focus on nutrition, lifestyle habits (movement, improving sleep, self-care), and learning effective coping skills. Focusing on mind-body-spirit encourages renewal and long lasting changes for a happier and healthier YOU!
Are you suffering from chronic stress and anxiety? You are most likely experiencing physical symptoms as well, such as headaches, digestive issues, lack of sleep, and brain fog to name a few. There is a direct connection between our physical and mental health. You don't need to suffer any longer! I will work alongside you to create a wellness plan that meets your needs! You will learn how heal with a focus on nutrition, lifestyle habits (movement, improving sleep, self-care), and learning effective coping skills. Focusing on mind-body-spirit encourages renewal and long lasting changes for a happier and healthier YOU!
(727) 475-2087 View (727) 475-2087
Photo of Shaundra McGuire, Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern in 33715, FL
Shaundra McGuire
Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern, MA, RMHCI
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Unresolved Trauma and Anxiety can leave you feeling out-of-control. You may experience toxic shame, excessive guilt, unstable relationships, helplessness, or a myriad of physical symptoms. Maybe you just want to enjoy your life but you feel trapped by your past, fearful of your future, and disconnected from your present. It can feel scary to start this journey because you’ve become "comfortable" with the way things are even though you want them to be different.
Unresolved Trauma and Anxiety can leave you feeling out-of-control. You may experience toxic shame, excessive guilt, unstable relationships, helplessness, or a myriad of physical symptoms. Maybe you just want to enjoy your life but you feel trapped by your past, fearful of your future, and disconnected from your present. It can feel scary to start this journey because you’ve become "comfortable" with the way things are even though you want them to be different.
(727) 291-9583 View (727) 291-9583
Photo of Chad Thompson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 33715, FL
Chad Thompson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Saint Petersburg, FL 33715  (Online Only)
I believe that life is always changing and sometimes those changes are not easy to go through. Change is the only certainty to life. I have been trained and credentialed as a Certified Clinical Anxiety Treatment Professional, Certified Life Coach, and Certified Mindfulness-Informed Clinician. I am currently pursuing my Registered Expressive Art Therapist. I am here to guide you through the hard times, bad times, and good times.
I believe that life is always changing and sometimes those changes are not easy to go through. Change is the only certainty to life. I have been trained and credentialed as a Certified Clinical Anxiety Treatment Professional, Certified Life Coach, and Certified Mindfulness-Informed Clinician. I am currently pursuing my Registered Expressive Art Therapist. I am here to guide you through the hard times, bad times, and good times.
(813) 694-8493 View (813) 694-8493
Photo of Krysten Hafner, Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern in 33715, FL
Krysten Hafner
Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern, MS, RCMHCI
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Are you looking for better ways to connect to others and yourself? I work with clients of all ages to explore ways to deepen their understanding of themselves and what they need. I support clients in determining what it is that they want by providing a safe and secure environment where they can process difficult and uncomfortable emotions. Clients are able to make peace with the past, learn to embrace and live in the present, and define what it is they want their future to look like. I take a neurodiversity affirming, compassionate and open-minded approach to collaborating with my clients to define their own goals.
Are you looking for better ways to connect to others and yourself? I work with clients of all ages to explore ways to deepen their understanding of themselves and what they need. I support clients in determining what it is that they want by providing a safe and secure environment where they can process difficult and uncomfortable emotions. Clients are able to make peace with the past, learn to embrace and live in the present, and define what it is they want their future to look like. I take a neurodiversity affirming, compassionate and open-minded approach to collaborating with my clients to define their own goals.
(727) 761-4708 View (727) 761-4708
Photo of Whitney Williams, Pre-Licensed Professional in 33715, FL
Whitney Williams
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hello! I'm Whitney, a dedicated and compassionate therapist committed to guiding individuals and couples on their journey to healing, self-discovery, and personal growth. I hold a Master of Science degree from Capella University and am a Pre-Licensed Professional with specialized training in Marriage & Family Therapy/Counseling. My diverse background equips me to address a wide range of concerns, from everyday challenges to more complex issues. In our work together, I utilize an integrative approach, drawing from evidence-based modalities such as Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, Solution-Focused Therapy, and the Gottman Method.
Hello! I'm Whitney, a dedicated and compassionate therapist committed to guiding individuals and couples on their journey to healing, self-discovery, and personal growth. I hold a Master of Science degree from Capella University and am a Pre-Licensed Professional with specialized training in Marriage & Family Therapy/Counseling. My diverse background equips me to address a wide range of concerns, from everyday challenges to more complex issues. In our work together, I utilize an integrative approach, drawing from evidence-based modalities such as Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, Solution-Focused Therapy, and the Gottman Method.
(813) 669-3148 View (813) 669-3148
Photo of Virginia Truglio, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 33715, FL
Virginia Truglio
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CCAPT, CTMH
Verified Verified
I strongly believe that high quality therapy with a professional therapist is something that should be affordable and available to all people. I am a licensed clinical social worker with many years of training and experience. I have advanced training in EMDR which has proven to be the “gold standard” of treatment for trauma issues and post traumatic stress disorder. I am also certified in clinical telehealth (CTMH) and anxiety treatment (CCATP). If you are struggling to find your way or are looking to lead a happier, authentic life, I encourage you to take the first steps on your journey of moving in a positive direction.
I strongly believe that high quality therapy with a professional therapist is something that should be affordable and available to all people. I am a licensed clinical social worker with many years of training and experience. I have advanced training in EMDR which has proven to be the “gold standard” of treatment for trauma issues and post traumatic stress disorder. I am also certified in clinical telehealth (CTMH) and anxiety treatment (CCATP). If you are struggling to find your way or are looking to lead a happier, authentic life, I encourage you to take the first steps on your journey of moving in a positive direction.
(727) 334-7238 View (727) 334-7238
Photo of Samantha F. Pluto, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 33715, FL
Samantha F. Pluto
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Are you struggling in your marriage? Are you questioning how and what the next steps are in your relationship? Do you have past traumas that you are ready to process, but subconscious patterns still control your life? The clients I work with are committed to improving their relationships, working through negative marital patterns, and processing personal trauma. In other words, they are ready to experience joy, love, and personal growth.
Are you struggling in your marriage? Are you questioning how and what the next steps are in your relationship? Do you have past traumas that you are ready to process, but subconscious patterns still control your life? The clients I work with are committed to improving their relationships, working through negative marital patterns, and processing personal trauma. In other words, they are ready to experience joy, love, and personal growth.
(727) 353-6077 View (727) 353-6077
Photo of Tiffany Cutler, Counselor in 33715, FL
Tiffany Cutler
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor in the state of Florida. I have 10 years of professional work experience. I have experience working with adults experiencing depression, anxiety, stress, and low self-esteem. I have found my style and approach are a good fit for young adults and adults that are struggling with low self-esteem, anxiety, and depression. I like to help my clients end the cycle of negative self-talk and begin the journey of self-love.
I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor in the state of Florida. I have 10 years of professional work experience. I have experience working with adults experiencing depression, anxiety, stress, and low self-esteem. I have found my style and approach are a good fit for young adults and adults that are struggling with low self-esteem, anxiety, and depression. I like to help my clients end the cycle of negative self-talk and begin the journey of self-love.
(904) 853-8681 View (904) 853-8681
Photo of Payton S Montague, Marriage & Family Therapist in 33715, FL
Payton S Montague
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Tierra Verde, FL 33715
Congratulations! If you're reading my profile that means you've made a decision to begin to take some action to improve your mental health or to help someone else improve their's. We all go through tough times and we all need to be able to talk with someone about our feelings and the issues we're facing. We were made for human interaction and in today's world its not always easy to find that right person. Please email me or give me a call. I 'd love to speak with you. My company name is "Water's Edge Counseling and Therapeutic Services."
Congratulations! If you're reading my profile that means you've made a decision to begin to take some action to improve your mental health or to help someone else improve their's. We all go through tough times and we all need to be able to talk with someone about our feelings and the issues we're facing. We were made for human interaction and in today's world its not always easy to find that right person. Please email me or give me a call. I 'd love to speak with you. My company name is "Water's Edge Counseling and Therapeutic Services."
(727) 589-1510 View (727) 589-1510
Photo of Margaret Fowee, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 33715, FL
Margaret Fowee
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
My name is Margaret Fowee, and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker with 18 years of experience working with people to help them make changes in their lives. I have worked with people challenged by depression, anxiety, trauma, abuse, addiction, and life-changing situations. My therapeutic approach consists of Cognitive Behavioral (CBT), Compassion Focused, Motivational Interviewing, and Person-Centered. I believe that I could help you create life-changing situations.
My name is Margaret Fowee, and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker with 18 years of experience working with people to help them make changes in their lives. I have worked with people challenged by depression, anxiety, trauma, abuse, addiction, and life-changing situations. My therapeutic approach consists of Cognitive Behavioral (CBT), Compassion Focused, Motivational Interviewing, and Person-Centered. I believe that I could help you create life-changing situations.
(561) 468-5674 View (561) 468-5674
Photo of Stephanie Clark, Profession Licensed in 33715, FL
Stephanie Clark
Profession Licensed , LMHC
Verified Verified
Tierra Verde, FL 33715
If unresolved trauma has left you feeling alone and helpless in a threatening world, or if the catastrophic predictions of anxiety have kept you immobilized, I can help. Using a holistic approach that addresses the mind (our thoughts/beliefs), the emotions, and the body. I work with clients to recognize and embrace the present moment as a safe place from which to connect with others, explore and take risks, and move their lives forward. You’ll learn to regulate your response to triggers, detach from self-defeating core beliefs, and utilize grounding and mindfulness techniques to find the lightness and relief you’ve been seeking.
If unresolved trauma has left you feeling alone and helpless in a threatening world, or if the catastrophic predictions of anxiety have kept you immobilized, I can help. Using a holistic approach that addresses the mind (our thoughts/beliefs), the emotions, and the body. I work with clients to recognize and embrace the present moment as a safe place from which to connect with others, explore and take risks, and move their lives forward. You’ll learn to regulate your response to triggers, detach from self-defeating core beliefs, and utilize grounding and mindfulness techniques to find the lightness and relief you’ve been seeking.
(813) 491-9364 View (813) 491-9364
Photo of Lori Aitken, Counselor in 33715, FL
Lori Aitken
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
I've specialized in treating anxiety disorders for over 25 years. With experience, I've discovered what works to help my clients overcome panic attacks, OCD, phobias, generalized anxiety, health anxiety, social anxiety and more. In addition to practical experience, I have advanced training in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and am a graduate of the International OCD Foundation's Behavioral Therapy Training Institue (BTTI). I currently serve on the Board of Directors of OCD Central and South Florida (an IOCDF affiliate).
I've specialized in treating anxiety disorders for over 25 years. With experience, I've discovered what works to help my clients overcome panic attacks, OCD, phobias, generalized anxiety, health anxiety, social anxiety and more. In addition to practical experience, I have advanced training in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and am a graduate of the International OCD Foundation's Behavioral Therapy Training Institue (BTTI). I currently serve on the Board of Directors of OCD Central and South Florida (an IOCDF affiliate).
(941) 241-1705 View (941) 241-1705
Photo of Nicole Archer, Psychologist in 33715, FL
Nicole Archer
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Tierra Verde, FL 33715  (Online Only)
When you are overwhelmed, it is hard to manage stress & anxiety on your own. I help my clients better cope with all of life's challenges. Past clients have told me that they feel more in control of their emotions and better equipped to handle whatever comes their way. Whether you're struggling to find balance in your work and personal life or looking to be more assertive in your daily interactions, I'm here to help. If you're an adult with ADHD, I have the experience and expertise to help you manage your symptoms.
When you are overwhelmed, it is hard to manage stress & anxiety on your own. I help my clients better cope with all of life's challenges. Past clients have told me that they feel more in control of their emotions and better equipped to handle whatever comes their way. Whether you're struggling to find balance in your work and personal life or looking to be more assertive in your daily interactions, I'm here to help. If you're an adult with ADHD, I have the experience and expertise to help you manage your symptoms.
(727) 349-6117 View (727) 349-6117
Photo of Integrative Counsel, Registered Clinical Social Worker Intern in 33715, FL
Integrative Counsel
Registered Clinical Social Worker Intern, RCSWI
Verified Verified
I remember going through the motions of living life how I thought others wanted me to live. I was always putting others first and myself second, and although I gained joy from some of these experiences, knowing that I was not true to myself and who I wanted to be made me feel lazy and unfulfilled. While I was working on my Masters, the teachings of martial arts and eastern philosophy coincided with my academic lessons in a way that gave me perspective on how I could better myself, my mood, and the lives of others. I have felt a great improvement on my outlook and my ability to assist others in battling their own crossroads.
I remember going through the motions of living life how I thought others wanted me to live. I was always putting others first and myself second, and although I gained joy from some of these experiences, knowing that I was not true to myself and who I wanted to be made me feel lazy and unfulfilled. While I was working on my Masters, the teachings of martial arts and eastern philosophy coincided with my academic lessons in a way that gave me perspective on how I could better myself, my mood, and the lives of others. I have felt a great improvement on my outlook and my ability to assist others in battling their own crossroads.
(727) 485-9402 View (727) 485-9402

See more therapy options for 33715

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 33715

20+

Average cost per session

$152

Therapists in 33715 who prioritize treating:

90% Anxiety
81% Coping Skills
81% Stress
76% Relationship Issues
76% Depression
67% Self Esteem
67% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

85% Aetna
85% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
62% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in 33715 see their clients

86% In Person and Online
14% Online Only

Gender breakdown

90% Female
10% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 33715?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.