Photo of Lisa Rubenstein, Counselor in 32444, FL
Lisa Rubenstein
Counselor, MEd, LMHC, NCC
Verified Verified
Lynn Haven, FL 32444  (Online Only)
Hi there! I’m so glad that we found each other! My name is Lisa Rubenstein and 2024 is my 27th year in the behavioral health field providing therapeutic services for children and adults of all ages and their families. I am a Nationally Certified Counselor (NCC), a Florida Licensed Mental Health Counselor (LMHC), and a Certified Florida Professional School Counselor (PSC: PreK-12th).
Hi there! I’m so glad that we found each other! My name is Lisa Rubenstein and 2024 is my 27th year in the behavioral health field providing therapeutic services for children and adults of all ages and their families. I am a Nationally Certified Counselor (NCC), a Florida Licensed Mental Health Counselor (LMHC), and a Certified Florida Professional School Counselor (PSC: PreK-12th).
(850) 713-4201 View (850) 713-4201
Photo of John Bradley Stiles, Psychologist in 32444, FL
John Bradley Stiles
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Lynn Haven, FL 32444  (Online Only)
I am a Licensed Clinical Psychologist practicing in Florida with 40+ years of experience. I have experience helping clients with stress, anxiety, relationship issues, family conflict and coping with grief and loss. I believe that you are the expert of your story and that you have many strengths that will assist you in overcoming your challenges. Taking the first step to seeking a more fulfilling and happier life takes courage. I am here to support you in that process.
I am a Licensed Clinical Psychologist practicing in Florida with 40+ years of experience. I have experience helping clients with stress, anxiety, relationship issues, family conflict and coping with grief and loss. I believe that you are the expert of your story and that you have many strengths that will assist you in overcoming your challenges. Taking the first step to seeking a more fulfilling and happier life takes courage. I am here to support you in that process.
(850) 876-5595 View (850) 876-5595
Photo of Kristina N Berry, Counselor in 32444, FL
Kristina N Berry
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Lynn Haven, FL 32444
Feeling trapped by uncertainty? Relationships not going the way you thought they would? Having trouble getting through your day? There’s hope! Many of us go through “It’s not supposed to be this way” times in life, times when life seems to fall to pieces. As a Christian therapist, seminary-trained & ministry experienced, I weave proven psychological methods with optional ancient Biblical practices (like prayer, meditation, and fasting) to help you become confident in the present and hopeful for the future. And as a Level 2 Gottman therapist, I integrate methods backed by 40 years of research, to help couples reconcile and heal.
Feeling trapped by uncertainty? Relationships not going the way you thought they would? Having trouble getting through your day? There’s hope! Many of us go through “It’s not supposed to be this way” times in life, times when life seems to fall to pieces. As a Christian therapist, seminary-trained & ministry experienced, I weave proven psychological methods with optional ancient Biblical practices (like prayer, meditation, and fasting) to help you become confident in the present and hopeful for the future. And as a Level 2 Gottman therapist, I integrate methods backed by 40 years of research, to help couples reconcile and heal.
(850) 604-4450 View (850) 604-4450
Photo of Zachary R Kuster, Counselor in 32444, FL
Zachary R Kuster
Counselor, MDiv, MA, LMHC, CTP
Verified Verified
Lynn Haven, FL 32444
Waitlist for new clients
We often use the words therapy and counseling interchangeably. For some, this works. For others, they need to be different. As a therapist, there are hundreds of helpful practices and therapeutic modalities that we can implement to promote growth and change in an individual. But, for many, the burdens of life are so relentless that they often need something different. This is where counseling begins to separate itself from therapy. A consistent ear to listen, and reliable person to trust in can truly make a major difference in your life. There is power in simple presence.
We often use the words therapy and counseling interchangeably. For some, this works. For others, they need to be different. As a therapist, there are hundreds of helpful practices and therapeutic modalities that we can implement to promote growth and change in an individual. But, for many, the burdens of life are so relentless that they often need something different. This is where counseling begins to separate itself from therapy. A consistent ear to listen, and reliable person to trust in can truly make a major difference in your life. There is power in simple presence.
(850) 754-9356 View (850) 754-9356
Photo of Jamie-Ann U. Tedtaotao, Counselor in 32444, FL
Jamie-Ann U. Tedtaotao
Counselor, MS, LMHC
Verified Verified
Lynn Haven, FL 32444
We are confident in our ability to empower our clients to reach their goals in building a happier, healthier life.
We are confident in our ability to empower our clients to reach their goals in building a happier, healthier life.
(850) 303-7755 View (850) 303-7755
Photo of Beverly S. Brown LMHC, CHT, Counselor in 32444, FL
Beverly S. Brown LMHC, CHT
Counselor, LMHC, LPC, CHT, RRT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Lynn Haven, FL 32444
It’s a feeling, no, it's not even a real thing, but it won’t go away. It’s a sensation that happens in your chest or stomach. It’s a signal that lets you know it is about to start. It could be the loop of hearing those negative thoughts. You know what I’m talking about, the thoughts that say you’re so stupid, you’re ugly, you can’t do anything, over and over. Or it could be those memories that are always there and that feeling of hopelessness that keeps popping up again and again. You can call it anxiety, depression, grief, or trauma. It doesn’t matter what you call it; it keeps you stuck and disrupts your life. I can help.
It’s a feeling, no, it's not even a real thing, but it won’t go away. It’s a sensation that happens in your chest or stomach. It’s a signal that lets you know it is about to start. It could be the loop of hearing those negative thoughts. You know what I’m talking about, the thoughts that say you’re so stupid, you’re ugly, you can’t do anything, over and over. Or it could be those memories that are always there and that feeling of hopelessness that keeps popping up again and again. You can call it anxiety, depression, grief, or trauma. It doesn’t matter what you call it; it keeps you stuck and disrupts your life. I can help.
(850) 659-7725 View (850) 659-7725
Photo of Leticia Ball, Marriage & Family Therapist in 32444, FL
Leticia Ball
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Lynn Haven, FL 32444
I am Leticia Ball, Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. I have been practicing therapy for over 14 years. I provide therapy using an eclectic, client-centered, Christian approach. I offer a warm, caring tone to my environment. I am listening intently to what you are telling me. I like to ask questions to assist in looking at a different perspective. I provide psycho education. Being a therapist is my passion. What I love about it is that I get to listen to others in their good times and bad. I enjoy helping others to see a new perspective, learn a new skill, or hopefully help in breaking through a difficult time.
I am Leticia Ball, Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. I have been practicing therapy for over 14 years. I provide therapy using an eclectic, client-centered, Christian approach. I offer a warm, caring tone to my environment. I am listening intently to what you are telling me. I like to ask questions to assist in looking at a different perspective. I provide psycho education. Being a therapist is my passion. What I love about it is that I get to listen to others in their good times and bad. I enjoy helping others to see a new perspective, learn a new skill, or hopefully help in breaking through a difficult time.
(813) 519-4596 View (813) 519-4596
Photo of Sunshine Wilder, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 32444, FL
Sunshine Wilder
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Lynn Haven, FL 32444
Hello, my name is Sunshine Wilder and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Florida. In 2004, I graduated with a master’s degree in social work and have been working for the past 19 years with children, teens, and adults in various settings such as child welfare, specialized therapeutic foster care, and outpatient therapy. I have experience working with individuals with a wide range of needs such as stress and anxiety, trauma and abuse, anger management, depression, ADHD, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), attachment issues, and bipolar disorder.
Hello, my name is Sunshine Wilder and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Florida. In 2004, I graduated with a master’s degree in social work and have been working for the past 19 years with children, teens, and adults in various settings such as child welfare, specialized therapeutic foster care, and outpatient therapy. I have experience working with individuals with a wide range of needs such as stress and anxiety, trauma and abuse, anger management, depression, ADHD, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), attachment issues, and bipolar disorder.
(321) 805-3263 View (321) 805-3263
Photo of Cathy Supon Connor, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 32444, FL
Cathy Supon Connor
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Lynn Haven, FL 32444
We live in paradise here on the Gulf Coast, but we have had our stressful moments in the past couple of years -- Hurricane Michael and the slow rebuild, the pandemic, and the continuing housing and employment issues continue to impact our community. My goal is to help people live the best life in spite of difficult times. Depression, anxiety, and life stresses can make life feel unmanageable at times. We can work together to address your issues to make life more pleasant. Compassion, a non-judgemental attitude and a listening ear is there for you. Please reach out today.
We live in paradise here on the Gulf Coast, but we have had our stressful moments in the past couple of years -- Hurricane Michael and the slow rebuild, the pandemic, and the continuing housing and employment issues continue to impact our community. My goal is to help people live the best life in spite of difficult times. Depression, anxiety, and life stresses can make life feel unmanageable at times. We can work together to address your issues to make life more pleasant. Compassion, a non-judgemental attitude and a listening ear is there for you. Please reach out today.
(850) 344-1720 View (850) 344-1720
Photo of Helping Hands Counseling and Interpreting, LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 32444, FL
Helping Hands Counseling and Interpreting, LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Lynn Haven, FL 32444
Welcome! You have accomplished the first step in therapy by identifying that you have a need and contacted a professional to begin improving your life! I specialize in individual/ family/group therapy for Deaf/Hard of Hearing, people with disabilities, and hearing individuals and their families. I have been a Sign Language Interpreter for 25 years and decided to join the field of Social Work 9 years ago to be able to conduct therapy, advocate, and assist with policy changes for underserved populations. I further specialize with ADHD/ADD, Depression, Anxiety, PTSD, Bipolar, Phobias, Military, etc..
Welcome! You have accomplished the first step in therapy by identifying that you have a need and contacted a professional to begin improving your life! I specialize in individual/ family/group therapy for Deaf/Hard of Hearing, people with disabilities, and hearing individuals and their families. I have been a Sign Language Interpreter for 25 years and decided to join the field of Social Work 9 years ago to be able to conduct therapy, advocate, and assist with policy changes for underserved populations. I further specialize with ADHD/ADD, Depression, Anxiety, PTSD, Bipolar, Phobias, Military, etc..
(850) 851-0203 View (850) 851-0203
Photo of Resurgence Counseling LLC, Counselor in 32444, FL
Resurgence Counseling LLC
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Lynn Haven, FL 32444
Every one of us faces difficult times, and some seasons of pain last longer than others. Oftentimes, we can find ourselves “stuck" and in need of some extra help. We are not made to do life alone, and I am here to support you in your journey of healing. Let therapy be something that you allow into your life, as a means of both working through pain and growing in insight as an individual.
Every one of us faces difficult times, and some seasons of pain last longer than others. Oftentimes, we can find ourselves “stuck" and in need of some extra help. We are not made to do life alone, and I am here to support you in your journey of healing. Let therapy be something that you allow into your life, as a means of both working through pain and growing in insight as an individual.
(850) 409-2236 View (850) 409-2236
Photo of James Vertrees, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 32444, FL
James Vertrees
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Lynn Haven, FL 32444
I want to extend a non-judgmental approach to every person I work with. I have been working with adults and adolescents for years and feel confident that I can work with a multitude of personality types. As a member of the LGBTQIA+ community, I understand some of the difficulties we face when seeking counseling services. I want to extend myself to everyone identifying under this umbrella. I am experienced working with active duty military who have experienced trauma, either prior to or during their service. I am currently providing services for Restoring Hope Alliance, which is a local non-profit program.
I want to extend a non-judgmental approach to every person I work with. I have been working with adults and adolescents for years and feel confident that I can work with a multitude of personality types. As a member of the LGBTQIA+ community, I understand some of the difficulties we face when seeking counseling services. I want to extend myself to everyone identifying under this umbrella. I am experienced working with active duty military who have experienced trauma, either prior to or during their service. I am currently providing services for Restoring Hope Alliance, which is a local non-profit program.
(850) 446-7345 View (850) 446-7345
Photo of Lois Collier, Counselor in 32444, FL
Lois Collier
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Lynn Haven, FL 32444
Now Accepting New Clients for Blue Cross Blue Shield. Harbor Counseling is a safe place that provides client centered therapy and care. If you find yourself or someone you know struggling with anxiety, depression, ADHD, behavioral issues, or self-esteem issues, Harbor Counseling is the place you will find support and understanding. I provide counseling for parents and children, individual counseling and couples counseling to help my clients achieve their personal growth goals.
Now Accepting New Clients for Blue Cross Blue Shield. Harbor Counseling is a safe place that provides client centered therapy and care. If you find yourself or someone you know struggling with anxiety, depression, ADHD, behavioral issues, or self-esteem issues, Harbor Counseling is the place you will find support and understanding. I provide counseling for parents and children, individual counseling and couples counseling to help my clients achieve their personal growth goals.
(850) 498-1550 View (850) 498-1550
Photo of Mandi Long, Counselor in 32444, FL
Mandi Long
Counselor, LMHC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Lynn Haven, FL 32444
Waitlist for new clients
You’re exploring your feelings about gender, sex, and sexuality, or you might be looking to explore sex work, kink, or polyamory. You’re realizing you’ve never felt truly empowered to make your own decisions and you’d like to step into your power and take back control. This could be because of trauma, infidelity, problematic sexual behaviors, lack of communication with partners, shame and stigma, or religious and societal expectations. You need someone to help you sort through the noise to find solutions that prioritize your needs and desires.
You’re exploring your feelings about gender, sex, and sexuality, or you might be looking to explore sex work, kink, or polyamory. You’re realizing you’ve never felt truly empowered to make your own decisions and you’d like to step into your power and take back control. This could be because of trauma, infidelity, problematic sexual behaviors, lack of communication with partners, shame and stigma, or religious and societal expectations. You need someone to help you sort through the noise to find solutions that prioritize your needs and desires.
(850) 495-7551 View (850) 495-7551
Photo of Jonathan Rollins, Counselor in 32444, FL
Jonathan Rollins
Counselor, MS, LMHC, CCMHC
Verified Verified
Lynn Haven, FL 32444
Are you struggling with life's challenges, feeling overwhelmed, or experiencing persistent emotional distress? Our ideal client is someone who recognizes the importance of their mental well-being and seeks support to overcome their struggles. They desire to break free from emotional burdens, rediscover their inner strength, nurture healthy relationships, manage stress and anxiety, and embrace self-care. They want to achieve a happier, healthier, and more fulfilling life, filled with personal growth and self-discovery.
Are you struggling with life's challenges, feeling overwhelmed, or experiencing persistent emotional distress? Our ideal client is someone who recognizes the importance of their mental well-being and seeks support to overcome their struggles. They desire to break free from emotional burdens, rediscover their inner strength, nurture healthy relationships, manage stress and anxiety, and embrace self-care. They want to achieve a happier, healthier, and more fulfilling life, filled with personal growth and self-discovery.
(850) 790-9605 View (850) 790-9605
Photo of Lifeworks Mental Health Counseling, LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 32444, FL
Lifeworks Mental Health Counseling, LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Lynn Haven, FL 32444  (Online Only)
Welcome! Evening appointments available now. Ms. Miller provides counseling to adults and families. She is compassionate, cares about your healing process and wants to see you succeed. Using a person-centered approach incorporating various techniques she focuses on your individual needs and works with you to both develop and achieve your goals.
Welcome! Evening appointments available now. Ms. Miller provides counseling to adults and families. She is compassionate, cares about your healing process and wants to see you succeed. Using a person-centered approach incorporating various techniques she focuses on your individual needs and works with you to both develop and achieve your goals.
(850) 771-1864 View (850) 771-1864
Photo of Erin Schramm, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 32444, FL
Erin Schramm
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CCTP, BSP-CIT
Verified Verified
Lynn Haven, FL 32444
Life can often throw us curveballs making finding the joy in life difficult or even impossible. Have the daily stresses of life made it difficult to get out of bed in the morning? Are you stuck in achieving your goals, keeping you from becoming the individual that you want to be? Have sadness, anger, anxiety or fear become your norm? Here at Solid Rock Solutions, we strive to provide individualized treatment and therapy options that can help you find your footing and look forward to a new day.
Life can often throw us curveballs making finding the joy in life difficult or even impossible. Have the daily stresses of life made it difficult to get out of bed in the morning? Are you stuck in achieving your goals, keeping you from becoming the individual that you want to be? Have sadness, anger, anxiety or fear become your norm? Here at Solid Rock Solutions, we strive to provide individualized treatment and therapy options that can help you find your footing and look forward to a new day.
(850) 204-9316 View (850) 204-9316
Photo of Veronica Coachman, Pre-Licensed Professional in 32444, FL
Veronica Coachman
Pre-Licensed Professional, RCSWI, CSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Lynn Haven, FL 32444  (Online Only)
Take a deep breath, you're in the right place! Are you feeling unmotivated, lost, hopeless, or alone? Do you struggle with turning off your thoughts/worry? Have you been feeling misunderstood or invalidated by people you love? Maybe you just moved to a new city, started a new job, or ended a relationship. New experiences & rejection are scary! And feeling sad all the time sucks. It can make it challenging to build/maintain relationships, perform at work/school, as well as negatively impact mood, sleep, and eating habits. Wouldn't it be nice if you could learn to overcome these experiences & feelings and start smiling for real again?
Take a deep breath, you're in the right place! Are you feeling unmotivated, lost, hopeless, or alone? Do you struggle with turning off your thoughts/worry? Have you been feeling misunderstood or invalidated by people you love? Maybe you just moved to a new city, started a new job, or ended a relationship. New experiences & rejection are scary! And feeling sad all the time sucks. It can make it challenging to build/maintain relationships, perform at work/school, as well as negatively impact mood, sleep, and eating habits. Wouldn't it be nice if you could learn to overcome these experiences & feelings and start smiling for real again?
(754) 704-1191 View (754) 704-1191
Photo of Heather Strickland, Pre-Licensed Professional in 32444, FL
Heather Strickland
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
Lynn Haven, FL 32444
Every day, life teaches us something new about who we are and how we respond to the challenges that come our way. Counseling provides great methods to increase your self-awareness and discover what you are genuinely capable of in life. We all need support, compassion, and a fresh perspective. I'll collaborate with you in an understanding and honest way to help you achieve what you want from life.
Every day, life teaches us something new about who we are and how we respond to the challenges that come our way. Counseling provides great methods to increase your self-awareness and discover what you are genuinely capable of in life. We all need support, compassion, and a fresh perspective. I'll collaborate with you in an understanding and honest way to help you achieve what you want from life.
(850) 809-7993 View (850) 809-7993
Photo of Meghan Moody, Marriage & Family Therapist Intern in 32444, FL
Meghan Moody
Marriage & Family Therapist Intern, MA, RMFTI
Verified Verified
Lynn Haven, FL 32444
Hey there! I help anxious overthinkers struggling with relationship wounds to heal their inner child and discover self-compassion. You feel like you’re always on high-alert for the next betrayal or abandonment, so you struggle to find peace in your relationships - and with yourself. Your friends might even call you an “empath” because you’re hyper-attuned to the emotions of those around you (little do they know, it can be quite a curse). You've been hurt in the past and you're tired of feeling like it's dictating your future. I get it, and I'm here to help.
Hey there! I help anxious overthinkers struggling with relationship wounds to heal their inner child and discover self-compassion. You feel like you’re always on high-alert for the next betrayal or abandonment, so you struggle to find peace in your relationships - and with yourself. Your friends might even call you an “empath” because you’re hyper-attuned to the emotions of those around you (little do they know, it can be quite a curse). You've been hurt in the past and you're tired of feeling like it's dictating your future. I get it, and I'm here to help.
(850) 660-9979 View (850) 660-9979

See more therapy options for 32444

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 32444

20+

Average cost per session

$120

Therapists in 32444 who prioritize treating:

96% Anxiety
92% Depression
75% Coping Skills
75% Self Esteem
67% Relationship Issues
67% Grief
67% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

8 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

84% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
79% Cigna and Evernorth
68% Aetna

How Therapists in 32444 see their clients

84% In Person and Online
16% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
20% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 32444?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.