Photo of Cheryl Jones, Counselor in 32401, FL
Cheryl Jones
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Panama City, FL 32401  (Online Only)
Hello and welcome to Grow Therapy! My name is Dr. Cheryl or Cheryl, whichever you prefer. Does stress, anxiety, or depression interfere with your full participation in life? Are past traumas, shame, and guilt keeping you from achieving your goals? I empower adult men and women to overcome trauma, anxiety, depression, and addictions through an integrative, client-centered therapy approach. We will first build a working, trusting relationship based which is the foundation for all change. Next, we will identify barriers that prevent positive growth in your life and work to remove them.
Hello and welcome to Grow Therapy! My name is Dr. Cheryl or Cheryl, whichever you prefer. Does stress, anxiety, or depression interfere with your full participation in life? Are past traumas, shame, and guilt keeping you from achieving your goals? I empower adult men and women to overcome trauma, anxiety, depression, and addictions through an integrative, client-centered therapy approach. We will first build a working, trusting relationship based which is the foundation for all change. Next, we will identify barriers that prevent positive growth in your life and work to remove them.
(850) 204-0236 View (850) 204-0236
Photo of Janet Justice, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 32401, FL
Janet Justice
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Panama City, FL 32401
Welcome. If you're here, you might be ready to take the next step to getting help. My focus is on building a trusting therapeutic relationship, so you receive the support and guidance you need to navigate life's challenges. I work interactively and collaboratively with each client to identify what keeps you from living a more fulfilling life. Together, we'll explore past and present struggles and develop newer, healthier coping skills. I truly believe each person has the capacity, strength, and ability to change their life and achieve their goals.
Welcome. If you're here, you might be ready to take the next step to getting help. My focus is on building a trusting therapeutic relationship, so you receive the support and guidance you need to navigate life's challenges. I work interactively and collaboratively with each client to identify what keeps you from living a more fulfilling life. Together, we'll explore past and present struggles and develop newer, healthier coping skills. I truly believe each person has the capacity, strength, and ability to change their life and achieve their goals.
(850) 854-8283 View (850) 854-8283
Photo of Pamela Ann Monaco, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 32401, FL
Pamela Ann Monaco
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Panama City, FL 32401
I am privileged to work with those struggling with life issues. I work with chronic mental and addictive issues, couples issues, and coaching life skills. Helping to reset unchallenged life boundaries; assisting in the development of your unique and wonderful self. I view therapy as a journey through another's life; helping rescript coping skills so they can become the person they want to be, attain goals never imagined. It is my mission to provide an environment allowing personal safety so they can explore possibilities and decide what changes they want to make to enrich their lives.
I am privileged to work with those struggling with life issues. I work with chronic mental and addictive issues, couples issues, and coaching life skills. Helping to reset unchallenged life boundaries; assisting in the development of your unique and wonderful self. I view therapy as a journey through another's life; helping rescript coping skills so they can become the person they want to be, attain goals never imagined. It is my mission to provide an environment allowing personal safety so they can explore possibilities and decide what changes they want to make to enrich their lives.
(850) 972-1522 View (850) 972-1522
Photo of Finch & Finch Consulting Group, LLC, Counselor in 32401, FL
Finch & Finch Consulting Group, LLC
Counselor, LCSW
Verified Verified
Panama City, FL 32401
Finch & Finch Consulting Group, LLC is comprised of Kenneth A. Finch, Ph.D., LMHC and Dallas A. Finch, LCSW. We offer psychotherapy services to individuals, couples and families to address specific issues or for general therapeutic growth as well as organizational consulting for coaching, team building and leadership development. Our mission is to create a safe environment that adds value and therapeutic significance to empower clients towards healing, health and growth in the context of faith.
Finch & Finch Consulting Group, LLC is comprised of Kenneth A. Finch, Ph.D., LMHC and Dallas A. Finch, LCSW. We offer psychotherapy services to individuals, couples and families to address specific issues or for general therapeutic growth as well as organizational consulting for coaching, team building and leadership development. Our mission is to create a safe environment that adds value and therapeutic significance to empower clients towards healing, health and growth in the context of faith.
(850) 747-8144 View (850) 747-8144
Photo of Coleen L Hernandez, Licensed Professional Counselor in 32401, FL
Coleen L Hernandez
Licensed Professional Counselor, LMHC, MS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Panama City, FL 32401
Have you ever felt like life is crashing down on you, everywhere you turn is a closed door? Or maybe you just need someone to talk to? Therapy can be your missing piece! This can be your open door. Divorce, kids, stress, work, trauma, or just life in general brings all of us on different journeys; therapy can help you gain healthy insight and learn positive coping strategies for wherever you are at in life.
Have you ever felt like life is crashing down on you, everywhere you turn is a closed door? Or maybe you just need someone to talk to? Therapy can be your missing piece! This can be your open door. Divorce, kids, stress, work, trauma, or just life in general brings all of us on different journeys; therapy can help you gain healthy insight and learn positive coping strategies for wherever you are at in life.
(850) 290-0541 View (850) 290-0541
Photo of Alyssa Duesler, Pre-Licensed Professional in 32401, FL
Alyssa Duesler
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, RMHCI, MHC-LP
Verified Verified
Panama City, FL 32401
Change is difficult and uncomfortable and things can become even harder when those around you don’t understand. You’re stuck in this cycle of addiction or negative thinking and sometimes it feels as though you will never get out of this pattern. You go around and around, you follow the steps, you read the books but it’s just not working and no one understands why that is. You’re thinking “maybe I’m just not cut out for this? Maybe I need this? I’m just broken.” But MAYBE you just haven’t found a solution that works for your needs. You're searching for a solution that works for you.
Change is difficult and uncomfortable and things can become even harder when those around you don’t understand. You’re stuck in this cycle of addiction or negative thinking and sometimes it feels as though you will never get out of this pattern. You go around and around, you follow the steps, you read the books but it’s just not working and no one understands why that is. You’re thinking “maybe I’m just not cut out for this? Maybe I need this? I’m just broken.” But MAYBE you just haven’t found a solution that works for your needs. You're searching for a solution that works for you.
(850) 988-3860 View (850) 988-3860
Photo of Lifeworks Mental Health Counseling, LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 32401, FL
Lifeworks Mental Health Counseling, LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Panama City, FL 32401  (Online Only)
Welcome! Evening appointments available now. Ms. Miller provides counseling to adults and families. She is compassionate, cares about your healing process and wants to see you succeed. Using a person-centered approach incorporating various techniques she focuses on your individual needs and works with you to both develop and achieve your goals.
Welcome! Evening appointments available now. Ms. Miller provides counseling to adults and families. She is compassionate, cares about your healing process and wants to see you succeed. Using a person-centered approach incorporating various techniques she focuses on your individual needs and works with you to both develop and achieve your goals.
(850) 771-1864 View (850) 771-1864
Photo of Erin Schramm, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 32401, FL
Erin Schramm
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CCTP, BSP-CIT
Verified Verified
Panama City, FL 32401
Life can often throw us curveballs making finding the joy in life difficult or even impossible. Have the daily stresses of life made it difficult to get out of bed in the morning? Are you stuck in achieving your goals, keeping you from becoming the individual that you want to be? Have sadness, anger, anxiety or fear become your norm? Here at Solid Rock Solutions, we strive to provide individualized treatment and therapy options that can help you find your footing and look forward to a new day.
Life can often throw us curveballs making finding the joy in life difficult or even impossible. Have the daily stresses of life made it difficult to get out of bed in the morning? Are you stuck in achieving your goals, keeping you from becoming the individual that you want to be? Have sadness, anger, anxiety or fear become your norm? Here at Solid Rock Solutions, we strive to provide individualized treatment and therapy options that can help you find your footing and look forward to a new day.
(850) 204-9316 View (850) 204-9316
Photo of Dr. Sherry Taylor-Butler, LMHC, LLC, Counselor in 32401, FL
Dr. Sherry Taylor-Butler, LMHC, LLC
Counselor, LMHC, LLC
Verified Verified
Panama City, FL 32401
Today you are one step closer to a new you where you feel empowered and a positive sense of well-being. I'm Dr. Sherry Taylor-Butler. I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor (LMHC). I have 20+ years of experience working with and providing counseling to adults, adolescents, and children in the homes, at school, in inpatient facilities and hospitals, at outpatient facilities and with non-profit agencies. I provide services to individuals, couples, families and groups. I use Cognitive Behavioral, Solution-Focused and Existential approaches to assist my clients in overcoming issues that cause them undue stress.
Today you are one step closer to a new you where you feel empowered and a positive sense of well-being. I'm Dr. Sherry Taylor-Butler. I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor (LMHC). I have 20+ years of experience working with and providing counseling to adults, adolescents, and children in the homes, at school, in inpatient facilities and hospitals, at outpatient facilities and with non-profit agencies. I provide services to individuals, couples, families and groups. I use Cognitive Behavioral, Solution-Focused and Existential approaches to assist my clients in overcoming issues that cause them undue stress.
(850) 400-4811 View (850) 400-4811
Photo of Mandi Long, Pre-Licensed Professional in 32401, FL
Mandi Long
Pre-Licensed Professional, NCC, RMHCI
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Panama City, FL 32401
Waitlist for new clients
You’re exploring your feelings about gender, sex, and sexuality, or you might be looking to explore sex work, kink, or polyamory. You’re realizing you’ve never felt truly empowered to make your own decisions and you’d like to step into your power and take back control. This could be because of trauma, infidelity, problematic sexual behaviors, lack of communication with partners, shame and stigma, or religious and societal expectations. You need someone to help you sort through the noise to find solutions that prioritize your needs and desires.
You’re exploring your feelings about gender, sex, and sexuality, or you might be looking to explore sex work, kink, or polyamory. You’re realizing you’ve never felt truly empowered to make your own decisions and you’d like to step into your power and take back control. This could be because of trauma, infidelity, problematic sexual behaviors, lack of communication with partners, shame and stigma, or religious and societal expectations. You need someone to help you sort through the noise to find solutions that prioritize your needs and desires.
(850) 495-7551 View (850) 495-7551
Photo of Cindy-Joy Rosado, Pre-Licensed Professional in 32401, FL
Cindy-Joy Rosado
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS, EdS, RMHCI
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Panama City, FL 32401
“Healed people heal people.” I hold this dearly in my heart. It is the notion that brokenness is not a fixed state, but a jumping off point for greater things. It is the belief that what was once in pieces can still be built into something strong and beautiful. My passion is to serve populations that are marginalized, underserved, or merely unseen, such as those of diverse cultural backgrounds and social identities, those who have experienced trauma and/or abuse, or anyone who is having trouble navigating life’s turbulence. I aim to provide a safe space for you to feel comfortable and empowered in your vulnerability.
“Healed people heal people.” I hold this dearly in my heart. It is the notion that brokenness is not a fixed state, but a jumping off point for greater things. It is the belief that what was once in pieces can still be built into something strong and beautiful. My passion is to serve populations that are marginalized, underserved, or merely unseen, such as those of diverse cultural backgrounds and social identities, those who have experienced trauma and/or abuse, or anyone who is having trouble navigating life’s turbulence. I aim to provide a safe space for you to feel comfortable and empowered in your vulnerability.
(850) 673-0630 View (850) 673-0630
Photo of Catie Myers, LMFT, LMHC, Marriage & Family Therapist in 32401, FL
Catie Myers, LMFT, LMHC
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, LMHC
Verified Verified
Panama City, FL 32401
As a Christian therapist, I am honored to join with individuals, couples, and families who are seeking personal and relational insight and healing, through the pairing of cognitive/behavioral interventions with the wisdom of scripture and prayer. I understand the decision to embark on this journey may seem scary and challenging. It may be difficult to trust that you, along with your thoughts, feelings, struggles, and vulnerabilities, will be treated empathetically and professionally. Thus, I have a deep respect and admiration for those who seek wise counsel. ~ He heals the brokenhearted and binds up their wounds. ~ Psalm 147:3
As a Christian therapist, I am honored to join with individuals, couples, and families who are seeking personal and relational insight and healing, through the pairing of cognitive/behavioral interventions with the wisdom of scripture and prayer. I understand the decision to embark on this journey may seem scary and challenging. It may be difficult to trust that you, along with your thoughts, feelings, struggles, and vulnerabilities, will be treated empathetically and professionally. Thus, I have a deep respect and admiration for those who seek wise counsel. ~ He heals the brokenhearted and binds up their wounds. ~ Psalm 147:3
(850) 604-4379 View (850) 604-4379
Photo of Jenny Natalio, Pre-Licensed Professional in 32401, FL
Jenny Natalio
Pre-Licensed Professional, MSW, RCSWI
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Panama City, FL 32401
Hello, I'm Jenny! My passion lies in guiding others towards success by nurturing a positive mindset. I truly believe in the inherent greatness within each of us, given the right tools. Through therapy, I offer a warm and welcoming space to explore boundaries, self-esteem, relationships, work/life balance, anxiety, mindfulness, stress, anger management, coping skills, and self-care. Let's start a journey toward wellness together.
Hello, I'm Jenny! My passion lies in guiding others towards success by nurturing a positive mindset. I truly believe in the inherent greatness within each of us, given the right tools. Through therapy, I offer a warm and welcoming space to explore boundaries, self-esteem, relationships, work/life balance, anxiety, mindfulness, stress, anger management, coping skills, and self-care. Let's start a journey toward wellness together.
(850) 468-2335 View (850) 468-2335
Photo of Dr. Steven Foster, Counselor in 32401, FL
Dr. Steven Foster
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Panama City, FL 32401  (Online Only)
I specialize in guiding adults seeking to conquer anxiety, stress, and relationship hurdles. I foster personal growth by helping clients discover new perspectives and meaningful understanding. My ideal clients aspire to improve daily life, find clarity, and attain happiness.
I specialize in guiding adults seeking to conquer anxiety, stress, and relationship hurdles. I foster personal growth by helping clients discover new perspectives and meaningful understanding. My ideal clients aspire to improve daily life, find clarity, and attain happiness.
(850) 918-8224 View (850) 918-8224
Photo of Holly Chancey, Counselor in 32401, FL
Holly Chancey
Counselor, MS, LMHC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Panama City, FL 32401
Working with women as they transition into and throughout motherhood holds a special place in my heart. My passion working with individuals in the perinatal season of life was ignited through my own experiences of motherhood. There are many unseen and unspoken challenges that come along with parenthood. No matter what your experience, I am here to support you in anyway I can. I also specialize working with adolescents and teens through social, emotional, and behavioral difficulties. The transition of adolescents is such a unique time in a persons’ life, for the adolescent their parents. I am here to support you through it!
Working with women as they transition into and throughout motherhood holds a special place in my heart. My passion working with individuals in the perinatal season of life was ignited through my own experiences of motherhood. There are many unseen and unspoken challenges that come along with parenthood. No matter what your experience, I am here to support you in anyway I can. I also specialize working with adolescents and teens through social, emotional, and behavioral difficulties. The transition of adolescents is such a unique time in a persons’ life, for the adolescent their parents. I am here to support you through it!
(850) 918-8167 View (850) 918-8167
Photo of Tanya Bernadette Quarterman in 32401, FL
Tanya Bernadette Quarterman
CH, CI, RMT
Verified Verified
Panama City, FL 32401
Hypnosis is a safe tool for achieving personal goals whether you want to stop doing something (smoking, over eating, biting fingernails, feeling anxious, worrying, any unwanted habit) or want to start doing something (eating better, exercising, improve concentration, test scores, even athletic ability). It can be utilized to improve mood, reduce tension and stress, relieve feelings of overwhelm and teach the body to deeply relax. Further, Hypnosis is well documented as an effective treatment for chronic pain and complements medical treatment. Regular practice of hypnotism reduces blood pressure and improves sleep.
Hypnosis is a safe tool for achieving personal goals whether you want to stop doing something (smoking, over eating, biting fingernails, feeling anxious, worrying, any unwanted habit) or want to start doing something (eating better, exercising, improve concentration, test scores, even athletic ability). It can be utilized to improve mood, reduce tension and stress, relieve feelings of overwhelm and teach the body to deeply relax. Further, Hypnosis is well documented as an effective treatment for chronic pain and complements medical treatment. Regular practice of hypnotism reduces blood pressure and improves sleep.
(850) 988-8236 View (850) 988-8236
Photo of Kristi Srichan, Counselor in 32401, FL
Kristi Srichan
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Panama City, FL 32401
Have you ever felt overwhelmed by life's demands, struggling to sleep due to responsibilities and emotional turmoil? I offer individual counseling and Brainspotting to help clients navigate challenges like anxiety, depression, and relationship issues. We will develop a "toolbox" of coping skills and assist in establishing a roadmap towards self-awareness, growth, and positive change. I work alongside clients to explore challenges, set goals, and develop strategies for positive change. I have 10 years in community mental health and in private practice, and work with teenagers and adults.
Have you ever felt overwhelmed by life's demands, struggling to sleep due to responsibilities and emotional turmoil? I offer individual counseling and Brainspotting to help clients navigate challenges like anxiety, depression, and relationship issues. We will develop a "toolbox" of coping skills and assist in establishing a roadmap towards self-awareness, growth, and positive change. I work alongside clients to explore challenges, set goals, and develop strategies for positive change. I have 10 years in community mental health and in private practice, and work with teenagers and adults.
(305) 901-3344 View (305) 901-3344
Photo of Lisa Herring, Counselor in 32401, FL
Lisa Herring
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Panama City, FL 32401
I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor in the State of Florida (MH 16403). I received my Master’s Degree in Psychology and and Clinical Counseling from Troy University and have been a clinical counselor since 2015.
I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor in the State of Florida (MH 16403). I received my Master’s Degree in Psychology and and Clinical Counseling from Troy University and have been a clinical counselor since 2015.
(786) 767-6702 View (786) 767-6702
Photo of Leticia Grove, Counselor in 32401, FL
Leticia Grove
Counselor, MA, LMHC-S, NCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Panama City, FL 32401
Waitlist for new clients
I approach mental health and personality from a holistic perspective. I consider multiple variables when working with clients including mental health, medical history, nutrition, exercise and environment. I would describe my theoretical orientation as eclectic. Eclecticism incorporates therapies from a number of different sources ranging from cognitive-behavioral approaches to alternative treatments such as mindfulness training and meditation. The therapeutic techniques that I use vary from client to client because what works for one person may not work for another. Moreover, I often use more than one therapeutic method depending on my clients' needs.
I approach mental health and personality from a holistic perspective. I consider multiple variables when working with clients including mental health, medical history, nutrition, exercise and environment. I would describe my theoretical orientation as eclectic. Eclecticism incorporates therapies from a number of different sources ranging from cognitive-behavioral approaches to alternative treatments such as mindfulness training and meditation. The therapeutic techniques that I use vary from client to client because what works for one person may not work for another. Moreover, I often use more than one therapeutic method depending on my clients' needs.
(828) 662-9323 View (828) 662-9323
Photo of Mindi Lunday, Counselor in 32401, FL
Mindi Lunday
Counselor, MA, EdD, MA, LMHC-S, LPC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Panama City, FL 32401
Sometimes life is just hard! Whether you are struggling with the ups and downs of life, or life has thrown you curve balls such as abuse or divorce, getting through can be hard...but you do not have to do it alone. I am here to be your coach, confidant, encourager, and friend, and to help you learn the skills needed to weather the storm. I am a faith-based counselor, incorporating Christ into sessions, and practice play therapy with children and adolescents. Come find hope and healing, and include a contact number! I look forward to working with you!
Sometimes life is just hard! Whether you are struggling with the ups and downs of life, or life has thrown you curve balls such as abuse or divorce, getting through can be hard...but you do not have to do it alone. I am here to be your coach, confidant, encourager, and friend, and to help you learn the skills needed to weather the storm. I am a faith-based counselor, incorporating Christ into sessions, and practice play therapy with children and adolescents. Come find hope and healing, and include a contact number! I look forward to working with you!
(850) 387-1747 View (850) 387-1747

See more therapy options for 32401

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 32401

30+

Average cost per session

$120

Therapists in 32401 who prioritize treating:

91% Anxiety
86% Depression
80% Trauma and PTSD
80% Self Esteem
66% Coping Skills
60% Relationship Issues
57% Grief

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

80% Cigna and Evernorth
72% Aetna
68% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 32401 see their clients

75% In Person and Online
25% Online Only

Gender breakdown

90% Female
10% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 32401?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.