Photo of Narda Ludena, MA, EdS, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Narda Ludena
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, EdS, LMFT
Verified Verified
Succasunna, NJ 07876
I have served as an agent of change for families and couples for 27 years. As a consultant, I provide options for clients to engage in moments and experiences that offer reflection and presence in areas that clients may feel alone, abandoned, lack of safety, and devalued. I provide a safe and open environment where each individual and couple can risk reaching within and/or with their significant other in identifying areas in need of healing and repair. Whether it is improving in school, work, or with significant other, it is an opportunity in participating in the possibilities.
I have served as an agent of change for families and couples for 27 years. As a consultant, I provide options for clients to engage in moments and experiences that offer reflection and presence in areas that clients may feel alone, abandoned, lack of safety, and devalued. I provide a safe and open environment where each individual and couple can risk reaching within and/or with their significant other in identifying areas in need of healing and repair. Whether it is improving in school, work, or with significant other, it is an opportunity in participating in the possibilities.
(973) 447-4534 View (973) 447-4534
Photo of Vincent D'Elia, PhD, Psychologist
Vincent D'Elia
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Succasunna, NJ 07876  (Online Only)
I have a Ph.D. from New York University and have been a licensed psychologist in New Jersey for over 25 years. I'd like to help you work on the struggles you are facing; and offer you a safe place to explore your thoughts and feelings. My approach combines cognitive-behavioral therapy and mindfulness. My goal will be to help you reach your therapeutic goals as quickly as possible.
I have a Ph.D. from New York University and have been a licensed psychologist in New Jersey for over 25 years. I'd like to help you work on the struggles you are facing; and offer you a safe place to explore your thoughts and feelings. My approach combines cognitive-behavioral therapy and mindfulness. My goal will be to help you reach your therapeutic goals as quickly as possible.
(862) 212-0487 View (862) 212-0487
Photo of Dr. Erica Geraci, PhD, BCC, Psychologist
Dr. Erica Geraci
Psychologist, PhD, BCC
Verified Verified
Succasunna, NJ 07876
I am a licensed clinical Psychologist and board certified coach. I have over a decade of experience working in various settings including hospitals, agencies and private practice. I offer psychotherapy and life coaching for adolescents, adults and couples facing a variety of issues including: anxiety, depression, life transitions, stress and academic performance. I have a particular expertise in helping couples make their relationship work and prevent conflict. My treatment approach is informed from a psychodynamic perspective, although I integrate a range of techniques, to meet my clients specific needs.
I am a licensed clinical Psychologist and board certified coach. I have over a decade of experience working in various settings including hospitals, agencies and private practice. I offer psychotherapy and life coaching for adolescents, adults and couples facing a variety of issues including: anxiety, depression, life transitions, stress and academic performance. I have a particular expertise in helping couples make their relationship work and prevent conflict. My treatment approach is informed from a psychodynamic perspective, although I integrate a range of techniques, to meet my clients specific needs.
(862) 263-1397 View (862) 263-1397
Photo of Cathy Ludwig, EdS, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Cathy Ludwig
Licensed Professional Counselor, EdS, LPC
Verified Verified
Succasunna, NJ 07876
We are creatures of habit. Most of us spend our days on the proverbial hamster wheel, going round and round, engaging in the same behavior, experiencing the same feelings, making no progress toward our goals. We feel stuck but don't know why. Therapy helps get you unstuck and moving towards the life that you want. It's about identifying the thoughts, values, and beliefs that create behavioral and emotional patterns that get us nowhere. Then it's about looking at options that will create movement. Believe it or not, there are always options. It's a matter of deciding which one you're willing to implement.
We are creatures of habit. Most of us spend our days on the proverbial hamster wheel, going round and round, engaging in the same behavior, experiencing the same feelings, making no progress toward our goals. We feel stuck but don't know why. Therapy helps get you unstuck and moving towards the life that you want. It's about identifying the thoughts, values, and beliefs that create behavioral and emotional patterns that get us nowhere. Then it's about looking at options that will create movement. Believe it or not, there are always options. It's a matter of deciding which one you're willing to implement.
(201) 688-7184 View (201) 688-7184
Photo of Christine Peters, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Christine Peters
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Succasunna, NJ 07876
Christine has over 10 years of therapy experience, utilizing Cognitive Behavior Therapy, Dialectical Behavior Therapy, and other approaches. She received her degree from New York University and is also a Board Certified Behavior Analyst. She has experience working with children, adolescents, and adults for a variety of issues. These include depression, Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), anxiety, phobias, panic, anger, stress, insomnia, ADHD, autism, developmental delays, and work/home/school issues.
Christine has over 10 years of therapy experience, utilizing Cognitive Behavior Therapy, Dialectical Behavior Therapy, and other approaches. She received her degree from New York University and is also a Board Certified Behavior Analyst. She has experience working with children, adolescents, and adults for a variety of issues. These include depression, Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), anxiety, phobias, panic, anger, stress, insomnia, ADHD, autism, developmental delays, and work/home/school issues.
View
Photo of Samuel Parton, LMSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Samuel Parton
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Succasunna, NJ 07876
Working in schools and foster care settings for years, Sam is an expert in child and adolescent therapy. He utilizes two of the leading therapies, Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) and Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT). With CBT, Sam helps clients change unhelpful thought processes and behavioral patterns and aids clients in bravely facing their fears. While with DBT, he helps clients learn better emotion regulation, distress tolerance, and interpersonal skills. He is passionate about building connections and assists clients in finding strengths and skills within themselves to work through any struggles they might be experiencing.
Working in schools and foster care settings for years, Sam is an expert in child and adolescent therapy. He utilizes two of the leading therapies, Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) and Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT). With CBT, Sam helps clients change unhelpful thought processes and behavioral patterns and aids clients in bravely facing their fears. While with DBT, he helps clients learn better emotion regulation, distress tolerance, and interpersonal skills. He is passionate about building connections and assists clients in finding strengths and skills within themselves to work through any struggles they might be experiencing.
View
Photo of Caitlin Northern, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Caitlin Northern
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Succasunna, NJ 07876
Caitlin is a seasoned therapist with over a decade of experience who is dedicated to help guide you on your journey to healing and personal growth. She specializes in helping children, adults, and families to not only address issues like anxiety, depression, OCD, ADHD, behavioral problems (child/teen), and autism, but to find their overall path towards happiness and well-being. Her expertise further extends to complex trauma and loss with a deep understanding of attachment-related issues. Her understanding of Child and Family Studies makes her exceptionally well-prepared to address issues at the individual and environmental levels.
Caitlin is a seasoned therapist with over a decade of experience who is dedicated to help guide you on your journey to healing and personal growth. She specializes in helping children, adults, and families to not only address issues like anxiety, depression, OCD, ADHD, behavioral problems (child/teen), and autism, but to find their overall path towards happiness and well-being. Her expertise further extends to complex trauma and loss with a deep understanding of attachment-related issues. Her understanding of Child and Family Studies makes her exceptionally well-prepared to address issues at the individual and environmental levels.
View
Photo of Michaela D'Urso, MS, Pre-Licensed Professional
Michaela D'Urso
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS
Verified Verified
Succasunna, NJ 07876
Michaela is a passionate Cognitive Behavioral therapist (which is the most effective, researched, and validated therapy to date). She will work with you to identify and change overly negative thinking and unhelpful behaviors that interfere with your mood, reaching your goals, or hampering interpersonal relationships. She works with those struggling with depression, anxiety, worry, phobias, stress, body image issues, performance anxiety, defiant behavior in children, relationship struggles, and work/school issues.
Michaela is a passionate Cognitive Behavioral therapist (which is the most effective, researched, and validated therapy to date). She will work with you to identify and change overly negative thinking and unhelpful behaviors that interfere with your mood, reaching your goals, or hampering interpersonal relationships. She works with those struggling with depression, anxiety, worry, phobias, stress, body image issues, performance anxiety, defiant behavior in children, relationship struggles, and work/school issues.
View
Photo of Clorinda Bulfamante, PsyD, Psychologist
Clorinda Bulfamante
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Succasunna, NJ 07876
I am a clinical psychologist providing therapy and assessment services in Scarsdale and Greenwich. I treat various conditions, such as depression, anxiety, behavioral problems, social anxiety, and school/work issues. I also focus on life transitions, whether that be a recent move, transition from college, changes in family dynamics, or changes in significant relationships. Furthermore, I have extensive experience in conducting psychological assessments. Therapeutically, I focus on developing teens and adults, where as I provide assessments for all ages.
I am a clinical psychologist providing therapy and assessment services in Scarsdale and Greenwich. I treat various conditions, such as depression, anxiety, behavioral problems, social anxiety, and school/work issues. I also focus on life transitions, whether that be a recent move, transition from college, changes in family dynamics, or changes in significant relationships. Furthermore, I have extensive experience in conducting psychological assessments. Therapeutically, I focus on developing teens and adults, where as I provide assessments for all ages.
View
Photo of Haley Kastner, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Haley Kastner
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Succasunna, NJ 07876
Haley provides evidence-based therapy for children, teens, and adults. She has had the opportunity to provide care in private practice, school, and medical settings. This array of experiences has fostered her ability to understand clients through a multi-disciplinary lens and draw upon a multitude of evidence-based treatments, such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Motivational Interviewing, Behavioral Activation, Prevention-Focused Care, Crisis Intervention, Trauma-Focused CBT, and Exposure and Response Prevention. She utilizes these therapies to target anxiety, stress, depression, OCD, trauma, and executive functioning deficits.
Haley provides evidence-based therapy for children, teens, and adults. She has had the opportunity to provide care in private practice, school, and medical settings. This array of experiences has fostered her ability to understand clients through a multi-disciplinary lens and draw upon a multitude of evidence-based treatments, such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Motivational Interviewing, Behavioral Activation, Prevention-Focused Care, Crisis Intervention, Trauma-Focused CBT, and Exposure and Response Prevention. She utilizes these therapies to target anxiety, stress, depression, OCD, trauma, and executive functioning deficits.
View
Photo of Ranjana Hari, PsyD, NCSP, Pre-Licensed Professional
Ranjana Hari
Pre-Licensed Professional, PsyD, NCSP
Verified Verified
Succasunna, NJ 07876
I'm a dedicated psychotherapist with an extensive and diverse background, spanning private practice, schools, college clinics, foster care, and hospitals, including acute care. With a passion for treating individuals of all ages, I specialize in harnessing the power of evidence-based therapies to create long-lasting positive change, focusing on the core of issues, rather than surface change. I take pride in fostering a safe, warm, and compassionate environment that embraces the unique perspectives of clients from diverse backgrounds. Even the most resistant patients find themselves engaged in the therapeutic process under my care.
I'm a dedicated psychotherapist with an extensive and diverse background, spanning private practice, schools, college clinics, foster care, and hospitals, including acute care. With a passion for treating individuals of all ages, I specialize in harnessing the power of evidence-based therapies to create long-lasting positive change, focusing on the core of issues, rather than surface change. I take pride in fostering a safe, warm, and compassionate environment that embraces the unique perspectives of clients from diverse backgrounds. Even the most resistant patients find themselves engaged in the therapeutic process under my care.
View
Photo of undefined - Serenity Psychotherapy LLC, LSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Serenity Psychotherapy LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSW
Verified Verified
Succasunna, NJ 07876
I am a Licensed Social Worker (LSW) who graduated from Rutgers University. I have experience working with children, adolescents, and young adults ranging from the ages of 6-30. I have worked with clients in partial hospitalization programs, schools, outpatient, and telehealth settings. I specialize in supporting clients manage and overcome anxiety, depression, mood disorders, suicidal ideation, grief, and life transitions by using cognitive behavioral therapy, strengths-based, and person-in-environment modalities.
I am a Licensed Social Worker (LSW) who graduated from Rutgers University. I have experience working with children, adolescents, and young adults ranging from the ages of 6-30. I have worked with clients in partial hospitalization programs, schools, outpatient, and telehealth settings. I specialize in supporting clients manage and overcome anxiety, depression, mood disorders, suicidal ideation, grief, and life transitions by using cognitive behavioral therapy, strengths-based, and person-in-environment modalities.
(973) 737-9687 View (973) 737-9687
Photo of Jason Duncan, PhD, Psychologist
Jason Duncan
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Succasunna, NJ 07876
I am a psychologist providing therapy and assessment services for children through adults. I have extensive clinical experience and am an expert Cognitive Behavioral Therapist. I’ve been trained by top therapy institutes, am a board member for well accomplished CBT organizations, and run the official podcast for the national CBT organization. I strive to regularly advance my knowledge and provide leading scientific treatments. I specialize in the treatment of anxiety, depression, panic, OCD, trauma, stress, insomnia, ADHD, defiance, and work/school issues. Many of my clients lead busy lives; therefore, I offer evening appointments.
I am a psychologist providing therapy and assessment services for children through adults. I have extensive clinical experience and am an expert Cognitive Behavioral Therapist. I’ve been trained by top therapy institutes, am a board member for well accomplished CBT organizations, and run the official podcast for the national CBT organization. I strive to regularly advance my knowledge and provide leading scientific treatments. I specialize in the treatment of anxiety, depression, panic, OCD, trauma, stress, insomnia, ADHD, defiance, and work/school issues. Many of my clients lead busy lives; therefore, I offer evening appointments.
View
Photo of Jessica Stiskin, LPC, NCC, ACS, Licensed Professional Counselor
Jessica Stiskin
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, NCC, ACS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Succasunna, NJ 07876  (Online Only)
Perhaps you've been feeling like you're the passenger in your own metaphorical car as it drives cruise control through your life. You have wants and needs but feelings of fear, self-doubt, or unworthiness, keep you from fulfilling them. You've been viewing other people as having it better than you, always wishing to be someone else other than yourself. What if I told you, you are deserving and capable of the happiness you desire. I specialize in working with adolescents and adults who have a poor connection with themselves, and difficulty accepting themselves and their life circumstances, both fortunate and unfortunate.
Perhaps you've been feeling like you're the passenger in your own metaphorical car as it drives cruise control through your life. You have wants and needs but feelings of fear, self-doubt, or unworthiness, keep you from fulfilling them. You've been viewing other people as having it better than you, always wishing to be someone else other than yourself. What if I told you, you are deserving and capable of the happiness you desire. I specialize in working with adolescents and adults who have a poor connection with themselves, and difficulty accepting themselves and their life circumstances, both fortunate and unfortunate.
(862) 378-3130 View (862) 378-3130
Photo of Virginia 'ginny' Dinsmore, MA, LPC, NCC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Virginia 'ginny' Dinsmore
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Succasunna, NJ 07876  (Online Only)
Are you feeling stuck? Repeating old patterns? Do you feel overwhelmed by a life transition? Sometimes, life is difficult and filled with complexity! Yet, even in this, we can find hope and joy. I believe the first steps as a counselor are accepting whatever you bring to each session, acknowledging your courage, and honoring the positive and protective aspects of your issues. From that place of acceptance, we can work together to discover your strengths, develop skills, and uncover inner resources for moving forward.
Are you feeling stuck? Repeating old patterns? Do you feel overwhelmed by a life transition? Sometimes, life is difficult and filled with complexity! Yet, even in this, we can find hope and joy. I believe the first steps as a counselor are accepting whatever you bring to each session, acknowledging your courage, and honoring the positive and protective aspects of your issues. From that place of acceptance, we can work together to discover your strengths, develop skills, and uncover inner resources for moving forward.
(973) 620-7724 View (973) 620-7724
Photo of undefined - The Neurodiversity Collective, PsyD, Psychologist
The Neurodiversity Collective
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Succasunna, NJ 07876
At NDC, our ideal client is seeking to understand their neurodivergence and use it effectively in the real-world. We specialize in working with gifted, ADHD, Autistic, dyslexic, dysgraphic, and other ND folks.
At NDC, our ideal client is seeking to understand their neurodivergence and use it effectively in the real-world. We specialize in working with gifted, ADHD, Autistic, dyslexic, dysgraphic, and other ND folks.
(973) 358-8362 View (973) 358-8362
Photo of Lauren Dobbs, PsyD, Psychologist
Lauren Dobbs
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Succasunna, NJ 07876
Dr. Dobbs is an accomplished clinical psychologist with over fifteen years of experience between teaching and clinical work. She specializes in working with children, teens, and adults and has worked across various settings, including private practice, school, residential, and community mental health. Her therapeutic approach is rooted in the gold standard of treatment, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, which provides faster, more effective results. With children and teens, she goes beyond the traditional confines of therapy by harnessing their natural creativity, integrating art, music, games, journaling, and other creative outlets.
Dr. Dobbs is an accomplished clinical psychologist with over fifteen years of experience between teaching and clinical work. She specializes in working with children, teens, and adults and has worked across various settings, including private practice, school, residential, and community mental health. Her therapeutic approach is rooted in the gold standard of treatment, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, which provides faster, more effective results. With children and teens, she goes beyond the traditional confines of therapy by harnessing their natural creativity, integrating art, music, games, journaling, and other creative outlets.
View
Photo of Dara Duryea, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Dara Duryea
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Succasunna, NJ 07876
I have over 30 years experience working with children and their families. I use creative techniques to address anxiety, impulsive behaviors, anger and depression. For children the most effective therapy is Play Therapy and for Adolescents, Cognitive Behavioral and creative techniques. I have extensive expereince working within these modalties
I have over 30 years experience working with children and their families. I use creative techniques to address anxiety, impulsive behaviors, anger and depression. For children the most effective therapy is Play Therapy and for Adolescents, Cognitive Behavioral and creative techniques. I have extensive expereince working within these modalties
(973) 671-8298 View (973) 671-8298
Photo of Jeffrey A Steigman, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Jeffrey A Steigman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Succasunna, NJ 07876
I am a licensed clinical social worker with close to 15 years of experience providing mental health services. I have worked with children, adolescents and adults struggling with a variety of mental health and behavioral issues. I am skilled at providing services to individuals, couples, siblings or the family as a whole. My approach is to develop a strong collaboration with my clients where we work together as a team to accomplish treatment goals and improve one's quality of life.
I am a licensed clinical social worker with close to 15 years of experience providing mental health services. I have worked with children, adolescents and adults struggling with a variety of mental health and behavioral issues. I am skilled at providing services to individuals, couples, siblings or the family as a whole. My approach is to develop a strong collaboration with my clients where we work together as a team to accomplish treatment goals and improve one's quality of life.
(201) 778-7861 View (201) 778-7861
Photo of undefined - Marcia Kurtz, LCSW, LLC, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Marcia Kurtz, LCSW, LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Succasunna, NJ 07876
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Morris County, NJ. I have over 10 years experience working with children, adolescents and adults on a variety of issues including but not limited to mood disorders, oppositional behaviors, depression and anxiety, as well as life's challenges. I understand and appreciate the difficulty with accepting the idea of therapy, the work in finding a therapist and even the anxiety that often accompanies building trust in a complete stranger. As your therapist, I will do my best to honor and respect your thoughts and feelings while working with you towards positive change.
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Morris County, NJ. I have over 10 years experience working with children, adolescents and adults on a variety of issues including but not limited to mood disorders, oppositional behaviors, depression and anxiety, as well as life's challenges. I understand and appreciate the difficulty with accepting the idea of therapy, the work in finding a therapist and even the anxiety that often accompanies building trust in a complete stranger. As your therapist, I will do my best to honor and respect your thoughts and feelings while working with you towards positive change.
(973) 536-0224 View (973) 536-0224

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 07876

20+

Average cost per session

$165

Therapists in 07876 who prioritize treating:

100% Anxiety
96% Depression
88% Relationship Issues
83% Stress
79% Family Conflict
79% Coping Skills
79% Self Esteem

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

79% Aetna
79% BlueCross and BlueShield
79% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in 07876 see their clients

88% In Person and Online
12% Online Only

Gender breakdown

81% Female
19% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 07876?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.