Photo of Carol Nicholson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 06903, CT
Carol Nicholson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, BCD
Verified Verified
Stamford, CT 06903  (Online Only)
I am a Clinical Social Worker providing guidance and support for individuals and couples. A comfortable, safe environment is offered where you can work on your issues and grow from the experience. Learning more about yourself or your partner is rewarding and invaluable.
I am a Clinical Social Worker providing guidance and support for individuals and couples. A comfortable, safe environment is offered where you can work on your issues and grow from the experience. Learning more about yourself or your partner is rewarding and invaluable.
(203) 692-4437 View (203) 692-4437
Photo of Lauren Dobbs, Psychologist in 06903, CT
Lauren Dobbs
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Stamford, CT 06903
Dr. Dobbs is an accomplished clinical psychologist with over fifteen years of experience between teaching and clinical work. She specializes in working with children, teens, and adults and has worked across various settings, including private practice, school, residential, and community mental health. Her therapeutic approach is rooted in the gold standard of treatment, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, which provides faster, more effective results. With children and teens, she goes beyond the traditional confines of therapy by harnessing their natural creativity, integrating art, music, games, journaling, and other creative outlets.
Dr. Dobbs is an accomplished clinical psychologist with over fifteen years of experience between teaching and clinical work. She specializes in working with children, teens, and adults and has worked across various settings, including private practice, school, residential, and community mental health. Her therapeutic approach is rooted in the gold standard of treatment, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, which provides faster, more effective results. With children and teens, she goes beyond the traditional confines of therapy by harnessing their natural creativity, integrating art, music, games, journaling, and other creative outlets.
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Photo of David Leslie Moses, Drug & Alcohol Counselor in 06903, CT
David Leslie Moses
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, MA, CADAC, 450007
Verified Verified
Stamford, CT 06903
I am a licensed drug and alcohol counselor and I have worked in various treatment settings. Underneath the pain of substances use lie the real issue that I invite you to work through. I have done so. I am also a candidate for a masters degree in social work. I have raised four children. A safe sacred space is essential for doing this work. It is most liberating.
I am a licensed drug and alcohol counselor and I have worked in various treatment settings. Underneath the pain of substances use lie the real issue that I invite you to work through. I have done so. I am also a candidate for a masters degree in social work. I have raised four children. A safe sacred space is essential for doing this work. It is most liberating.
(203) 439-5962 View (203) 439-5962
Photo of Veronica Barrett, Licensed Professional Counselor in 06903, CT
Veronica Barrett
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, NCC, LPC
Verified Verified
Stamford, CT 06903  (Online Only)
As a licensed professional counselor, I provide an open, non-judgmental and laid back approach to mental health counseling. I am a former collegiate athlete who transfers what I have learned in team settings to the counseling chair. I am passionate about working with older teens (16+) and young adults who are open to exploring the pathways to healing in a warm, optimistic way. While completing my master's degree in Clinical Mental Health Counseling, I used to work as a case manager at a non-profit organization helping teens in the foster care system transition into independent living.
As a licensed professional counselor, I provide an open, non-judgmental and laid back approach to mental health counseling. I am a former collegiate athlete who transfers what I have learned in team settings to the counseling chair. I am passionate about working with older teens (16+) and young adults who are open to exploring the pathways to healing in a warm, optimistic way. While completing my master's degree in Clinical Mental Health Counseling, I used to work as a case manager at a non-profit organization helping teens in the foster care system transition into independent living.
(475) 889-7269 View (475) 889-7269
Photo of Badass Counseling® in 06903, CT
Badass Counseling®
MDiv, BA
Verified Verified
Stamford, CT 06903
The former psychologist of a client stated, "Sven accomplished more with you in 5 weeks than I did in 8 years!" Specializing in the most intense people: C-suite/business owners; Olympians; men who hate therapy; highly successful women who are empty inside; struggling couples (infidelity); people who've had no success w/ other therapists; unmotivated young people; highly successful yet unfulfilled ppl; those not living max potential. Former SERE-trained military, Emergency Room Chaplain & NCAA Head Coach for Strength; w/ 25yr highly successful counseling practice. This is high-intensity, RESULTS-DRIVEN. Spiritual elements.
The former psychologist of a client stated, "Sven accomplished more with you in 5 weeks than I did in 8 years!" Specializing in the most intense people: C-suite/business owners; Olympians; men who hate therapy; highly successful women who are empty inside; struggling couples (infidelity); people who've had no success w/ other therapists; unmotivated young people; highly successful yet unfulfilled ppl; those not living max potential. Former SERE-trained military, Emergency Room Chaplain & NCAA Head Coach for Strength; w/ 25yr highly successful counseling practice. This is high-intensity, RESULTS-DRIVEN. Spiritual elements.
(203) 902-5026 View (203) 902-5026
Photo of Helene Connelly in 06903, CT
Helene Connelly
MA
Verified Verified
Stamford, CT 06903  (Online Only)
I am here to help you live your best life. When things in life have been getting you down, or when the choices that you’ve made haven’t taken you where you want to go, perhaps you feel stuck or out of balance, and you need a new perspective with someone to help you determine, plan, and map out the steps to create your vision. I will help you define your goal, break down the steps to achieve it, and support you on your journey. We will work together, building on your strengths and working through your challenges. I will help you bring peace and focus to your process, build momentum, and find success.
I am here to help you live your best life. When things in life have been getting you down, or when the choices that you’ve made haven’t taken you where you want to go, perhaps you feel stuck or out of balance, and you need a new perspective with someone to help you determine, plan, and map out the steps to create your vision. I will help you define your goal, break down the steps to achieve it, and support you on your journey. We will work together, building on your strengths and working through your challenges. I will help you bring peace and focus to your process, build momentum, and find success.
(475) 471-1410 View (475) 471-1410
Photo of Lynn M. Sussman PhD LLC, Psychologist in 06903, CT
Lynn M. Sussman PhD LLC
Psychologist, PhD, LLC
Verified Verified
Stamford, CT 06903  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
At times it can be helpful to speak to someone other than a friend or family member. That's where I can help. As a licensed psychologist with 20 years experience and certified psychoanalyst I am trained to listen without judgement. Together we will explore your immediate concerns and past experiences. We will identify thoughts and feelings that may be leading to negative consequences, and work to remove roadblocks. You may wish to address a situation at hand or work towards change that is more long standing. Whether struggling in a relationship, grieving a loss, feeling stuck--speaking to a psychotherapist can offer hope.
At times it can be helpful to speak to someone other than a friend or family member. That's where I can help. As a licensed psychologist with 20 years experience and certified psychoanalyst I am trained to listen without judgement. Together we will explore your immediate concerns and past experiences. We will identify thoughts and feelings that may be leading to negative consequences, and work to remove roadblocks. You may wish to address a situation at hand or work towards change that is more long standing. Whether struggling in a relationship, grieving a loss, feeling stuck--speaking to a psychotherapist can offer hope.
(203) 802-6229 View (203) 802-6229
Photo of Kelly Marino, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 06903, CT
Kelly Marino
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Stamford, CT 06903  (Online Only)
I generally work with adolescents and adults. I have a genuine interest in the world as you understand it. I do not believe in just pathologizing my clients, but rather highlighting their strengths and finding solutions to challenges that they are facing. I strongly believe in therapy and its cumulative effect on the life course and how it can improve your relationships and help find pleasure in life. I have been described as a warm and down to earth person who is a great listener and kind supporter. My style is comforting and empathetic.
I generally work with adolescents and adults. I have a genuine interest in the world as you understand it. I do not believe in just pathologizing my clients, but rather highlighting their strengths and finding solutions to challenges that they are facing. I strongly believe in therapy and its cumulative effect on the life course and how it can improve your relationships and help find pleasure in life. I have been described as a warm and down to earth person who is a great listener and kind supporter. My style is comforting and empathetic.
(475) 250-2217 View (475) 250-2217
Photo of Krista Rodgerson, Marriage & Family Therapist in 06903, CT
Krista Rodgerson
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Stamford, CT 06903
Understanding life's obstacles and the way we respond to them can be challenging and confusing. Together we can collaboratively build a road map for you to create the change you wish to see in your life, and to find balance and harmony. I believe that everyone has the tools they need to live their authentic life. Seeking a mental health professional is a brave and courageous decision, and I hope that we can build a relationship that supports you in becoming your best self. Everyone's lived experiences are different, and I look forward to an opportunity for you to tell me about yours.
Understanding life's obstacles and the way we respond to them can be challenging and confusing. Together we can collaboratively build a road map for you to create the change you wish to see in your life, and to find balance and harmony. I believe that everyone has the tools they need to live their authentic life. Seeking a mental health professional is a brave and courageous decision, and I hope that we can build a relationship that supports you in becoming your best self. Everyone's lived experiences are different, and I look forward to an opportunity for you to tell me about yours.
(203) 439-5805 View (203) 439-5805
Photo of Elisa Rosner, Psychologist in 06903, CT
Elisa Rosner
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Stamford, CT 06903
I am a licensed clinical psychologist with over 20 years of professional experience. I enjoy working with people of various ages and from all walks of life. I have worked with people on a variety of issues, including depression, anxiety, parenting and relationship problems. In my work, I help people identify and explore the ways they experience themselves and their patterns of relating to others. We explore coping styles as well as obstacles getting in the way. In a supportive, empathic environment, this self-awareness and discovery can lead to profound and enduring change.
I am a licensed clinical psychologist with over 20 years of professional experience. I enjoy working with people of various ages and from all walks of life. I have worked with people on a variety of issues, including depression, anxiety, parenting and relationship problems. In my work, I help people identify and explore the ways they experience themselves and their patterns of relating to others. We explore coping styles as well as obstacles getting in the way. In a supportive, empathic environment, this self-awareness and discovery can lead to profound and enduring change.
(917) 525-2308 View (917) 525-2308
Photo of Michaela D'Urso, Pre-Licensed Professional in 06903, CT
Michaela D'Urso
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS
Verified Verified
Stamford, CT 06903
Michaela is a passionate Cognitive Behavioral therapist (which is the most effective, researched, and validated therapy to date). She will work with you to identify and change overly negative thinking and unhelpful behaviors that interfere with your mood, reaching your goals, or hampering interpersonal relationships. She works with those struggling with depression, anxiety, worry, phobias, stress, body image issues, performance anxiety, defiant behavior in children, relationship struggles, and work/school issues.
Michaela is a passionate Cognitive Behavioral therapist (which is the most effective, researched, and validated therapy to date). She will work with you to identify and change overly negative thinking and unhelpful behaviors that interfere with your mood, reaching your goals, or hampering interpersonal relationships. She works with those struggling with depression, anxiety, worry, phobias, stress, body image issues, performance anxiety, defiant behavior in children, relationship struggles, and work/school issues.
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Photo of Haley Kastner, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 06903, CT
Haley Kastner
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Stamford, CT 06903
Haley provides evidence-based therapy for children, teens, and adults. She has had the opportunity to provide care in private practice, school, and medical settings. This array of experiences has fostered her ability to understand clients through a multi-disciplinary lens and draw upon a multitude of evidence-based treatments, such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Motivational Interviewing, Behavioral Activation, Prevention-Focused Care, Crisis Intervention, Trauma-Focused CBT, and Exposure and Response Prevention. She utilizes these therapies to target anxiety, stress, depression, OCD, trauma, and executive functioning deficits.
Haley provides evidence-based therapy for children, teens, and adults. She has had the opportunity to provide care in private practice, school, and medical settings. This array of experiences has fostered her ability to understand clients through a multi-disciplinary lens and draw upon a multitude of evidence-based treatments, such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Motivational Interviewing, Behavioral Activation, Prevention-Focused Care, Crisis Intervention, Trauma-Focused CBT, and Exposure and Response Prevention. She utilizes these therapies to target anxiety, stress, depression, OCD, trauma, and executive functioning deficits.
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Nancy L Bronson
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Stamford, CT 06903  (Online Only)
Following fellowships at Yale University and the Yale School of Medicine, I served as Director of Psychology at Silver Hill Hospital in New Canaan, CT and have been in private practice in New Canaan, Greenwich and currently Stamford, CT for over 30 years. Happy to answer any questions you may have.
Following fellowships at Yale University and the Yale School of Medicine, I served as Director of Psychology at Silver Hill Hospital in New Canaan, CT and have been in private practice in New Canaan, Greenwich and currently Stamford, CT for over 30 years. Happy to answer any questions you may have.
(203) 433-0691 x203554 View (203) 433-0691 x203554
Photo of Allegra Hachey, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 06903, CT
Allegra Hachey
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Stamford, CT 06903
Not accepting new clients
I have developed a particular niche for treating adolescents, teens, young adults, and families. My experience in the mental health field has included treatment of addiction, PTSD, eating disorders, depression, anxiety, mood disorders, and personality disorders. I aim to guide and encourage my clients to learn how to advocate for themselves in order to get their needs met, regardless of where they are in their lives. When working with a younger population, I believe family integration is an invaluable part of the work. Therefore, I encourage families to be part of the therapeutic process at an appropriate capacity, case by case.
I have developed a particular niche for treating adolescents, teens, young adults, and families. My experience in the mental health field has included treatment of addiction, PTSD, eating disorders, depression, anxiety, mood disorders, and personality disorders. I aim to guide and encourage my clients to learn how to advocate for themselves in order to get their needs met, regardless of where they are in their lives. When working with a younger population, I believe family integration is an invaluable part of the work. Therefore, I encourage families to be part of the therapeutic process at an appropriate capacity, case by case.
(203) 614-1944 View (203) 614-1944
Photo of Samuel Parton, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 06903, CT
Samuel Parton
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Stamford, CT 06903
Working in schools and foster care settings for years, Sam is an expert in child and adolescent therapy. He utilizes two of the leading therapies, Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) and Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT). With CBT, Sam helps clients change unhelpful thought processes and behavioral patterns and aids clients in bravely facing their fears. While with DBT, he helps clients learn better emotion regulation, distress tolerance, and interpersonal skills. He is passionate about building connections and assists clients in finding strengths and skills within themselves to work through any struggles they might be experiencing.
Working in schools and foster care settings for years, Sam is an expert in child and adolescent therapy. He utilizes two of the leading therapies, Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) and Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT). With CBT, Sam helps clients change unhelpful thought processes and behavioral patterns and aids clients in bravely facing their fears. While with DBT, he helps clients learn better emotion regulation, distress tolerance, and interpersonal skills. He is passionate about building connections and assists clients in finding strengths and skills within themselves to work through any struggles they might be experiencing.
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Photo of Bonnie Guild, Psychologist in 06903, CT
Bonnie Guild
Psychologist, MA, EdS, PhD
Verified Verified
Stamford, CT 06903
By coming to Psychology Today you have taken the next step in resolving what is bothering you. As a psychologist with over 25 years of experience, I know that it can be overwhelming, frightening, and confusing when you find that you have challenges that you cannot handle on your own. But the good news is that seeking therapy is the right decision! We will collaboratively explore your thoughts and emotions, change unhealthy patterns, and help you find answers that will not only help you now but in the future as well.
By coming to Psychology Today you have taken the next step in resolving what is bothering you. As a psychologist with over 25 years of experience, I know that it can be overwhelming, frightening, and confusing when you find that you have challenges that you cannot handle on your own. But the good news is that seeking therapy is the right decision! We will collaboratively explore your thoughts and emotions, change unhealthy patterns, and help you find answers that will not only help you now but in the future as well.
(203) 408-6799 View (203) 408-6799
Photo of Janice G Leiper, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 06903, CT
Janice G Leiper
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, ACSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Stamford, CT 06903
I work with adults both individually and as couples, encompassing a range of mental health issues. I specialize in relationship counseling whether you're just getting into one, want to enhance your marriage/relationship with new skills and insight, aren't sure if you are leaning in or out of your relationship or have filed for divorce. We get hurt in relationship and we heal in relationship. Let me help you get on the path of healing. It need not take years of therapy to become conscious of what's going on and what you long for.
I work with adults both individually and as couples, encompassing a range of mental health issues. I specialize in relationship counseling whether you're just getting into one, want to enhance your marriage/relationship with new skills and insight, aren't sure if you are leaning in or out of your relationship or have filed for divorce. We get hurt in relationship and we heal in relationship. Let me help you get on the path of healing. It need not take years of therapy to become conscious of what's going on and what you long for.
(203) 318-4992 View (203) 318-4992
Photo of Ronald Lawrence, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 06903, CT
Ronald Lawrence
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Stamford, CT 06903
I work collaboratively with my patients to explore the ways in which their past experiences have shaped their current relationships, both with themselves and with others. In therapy, we will pay close attention to the dynamics of our own relationship, as well as to patterns of behavior and communication that may be holding you back in other areas of your life. By developing greater self-awareness and insight into these patterns, you can begin to break free of old patterns and forge more meaningful and fulfilling connections with others.
I work collaboratively with my patients to explore the ways in which their past experiences have shaped their current relationships, both with themselves and with others. In therapy, we will pay close attention to the dynamics of our own relationship, as well as to patterns of behavior and communication that may be holding you back in other areas of your life. By developing greater self-awareness and insight into these patterns, you can begin to break free of old patterns and forge more meaningful and fulfilling connections with others.
(203) 941-4772 View (203) 941-4772
Photo of Marianne Cardillo, Marriage & Family Therapist in 06903, CT
Marianne Cardillo
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Stamford, CT 06903  (Online Only)
"Alone we can do so little; together we can do so much." -Helen Keller---- Working together to find solutions that best work for you is one of the most important parts of the way I practice. You are the expert of your life, your wants, and your needs. I am here to collaborate and work with you in figuring out how to achieve what you want out of life, and understand how to navigate around whatever may be standing in the way of getting there. I take pride in being genuine in my practice & offering my empathy & eagerness to support you in achieving your personal goals.
"Alone we can do so little; together we can do so much." -Helen Keller---- Working together to find solutions that best work for you is one of the most important parts of the way I practice. You are the expert of your life, your wants, and your needs. I am here to collaborate and work with you in figuring out how to achieve what you want out of life, and understand how to navigate around whatever may be standing in the way of getting there. I take pride in being genuine in my practice & offering my empathy & eagerness to support you in achieving your personal goals.
(475) 222-1350 View (475) 222-1350
Photo of Jason Duncan, Psychologist in 06903, CT
Jason Duncan
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Stamford, CT 06903
I am a psychologist providing therapy and assessment services for children through adults. I have extensive clinical experience and am an expert Cognitive Behavioral Therapist. I’ve been trained by top therapy institutes, am a board member for well accomplished CBT organizations, and run the official podcast for the national CBT organization. I strive to regularly advance my knowledge and provide leading scientific treatments. I specialize in the treatment of anxiety, depression, panic, OCD, trauma, stress, insomnia, ADHD, defiance, and work/school issues. Many of my clients lead busy lives; therefore, I offer evening appointments.
I am a psychologist providing therapy and assessment services for children through adults. I have extensive clinical experience and am an expert Cognitive Behavioral Therapist. I’ve been trained by top therapy institutes, am a board member for well accomplished CBT organizations, and run the official podcast for the national CBT organization. I strive to regularly advance my knowledge and provide leading scientific treatments. I specialize in the treatment of anxiety, depression, panic, OCD, trauma, stress, insomnia, ADHD, defiance, and work/school issues. Many of my clients lead busy lives; therefore, I offer evening appointments.
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How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 06903

70+

Average cost per session

$200

Therapists in 06903 who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
89% Depression
81% Relationship Issues
72% Coping Skills
72% Self Esteem
68% Family Conflict
65% Stress

Average years in practice

16 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

83% Aetna
78% Cigna and Evernorth
78% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 06903 see their clients

76% In Person and Online
24% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
20% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 06903?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.