Photo of Anita P Hoffer, MS, PhD, EdD
Anita P Hoffer
MS, PhD, EdD
Not Verified Not Verified
Brookline, MA 02445  (Online Only)
I offer present- and future-oriented sexuality counseling and educational information tailored to individuals & couples with sexual concerns in a confidential and non-judgmental environment which is designed to empower the client(s) and not the problem. I also provide appropriate external resources while enhancing the internal resources client(s) already have to deal with their sexual concerns. Because of the centrality of sexual experience, this type of work can be transformational in many aspects of a client's life and not just their sexuality. I work as an equal and collaborative partner and am supportive and empathic.
I offer present- and future-oriented sexuality counseling and educational information tailored to individuals & couples with sexual concerns in a confidential and non-judgmental environment which is designed to empower the client(s) and not the problem. I also provide appropriate external resources while enhancing the internal resources client(s) already have to deal with their sexual concerns. Because of the centrality of sexual experience, this type of work can be transformational in many aspects of a client's life and not just their sexuality. I work as an equal and collaborative partner and am supportive and empathic.
(617) 904-9038 View (617) 904-9038
Photo of Brigitte Zakari, PsyaD, LMHC, Counselor
Brigitte Zakari
Counselor, PsyaD, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Brookline, MA 02445
I am a psychoanalyst and licensed mental health counselor in private practice in Brookline, Massachusetts with more than 15 years experience in the field. Throughout my training and career, I have worked with adults in outpatient psychotherapy clinics as well as with children and adolescents and their families in the Public School Systems.
I am a psychoanalyst and licensed mental health counselor in private practice in Brookline, Massachusetts with more than 15 years experience in the field. Throughout my training and career, I have worked with adults in outpatient psychotherapy clinics as well as with children and adolescents and their families in the Public School Systems.
(617) 394-1880 x447 View (617) 394-1880 x447
Photo of Felix William Treitler, LICSW, USTA, USPTA, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Felix William Treitler
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, USTA, USPTA
Verified Verified
Brookline, MA 02445
I offer a co-ed Relationship Group. Feel free to inquire more about how this kind of therapy can be quite useful. I do Individual, Couples, Family, and Group Therapy. I currently facilitate a Bereavement Group which meets at my Brookline office every Saturday from 2-4pm. I also run groups for substance abuse, depression and anxiety. In addition, I have a lot of experience counseling children of all ages. I am a firm believer in strength-based psychotherapy.
I offer a co-ed Relationship Group. Feel free to inquire more about how this kind of therapy can be quite useful. I do Individual, Couples, Family, and Group Therapy. I currently facilitate a Bereavement Group which meets at my Brookline office every Saturday from 2-4pm. I also run groups for substance abuse, depression and anxiety. In addition, I have a lot of experience counseling children of all ages. I am a firm believer in strength-based psychotherapy.
(781) 332-4637 View (781) 332-4637
Photo of Nofar Soffer, LMHC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Nofar Soffer
Licensed Professional Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Brookline, MA 02445  (Online Only)
Nofar is passionate about helping individuals through discovering the power of self and has experience working with adults, children and adolescents. Nofar has experience working with anxiety, depression, trauma related diagnoses and other life experiences. Helping these individuals to heal by strengthening their own self confidence with positive thinking, acceptance and compassion using CBT, DBT, mindfulness and other therapy methods centering around the individual and their unique life experience.
Nofar is passionate about helping individuals through discovering the power of self and has experience working with adults, children and adolescents. Nofar has experience working with anxiety, depression, trauma related diagnoses and other life experiences. Helping these individuals to heal by strengthening their own self confidence with positive thinking, acceptance and compassion using CBT, DBT, mindfulness and other therapy methods centering around the individual and their unique life experience.
(617) 767-0672 View (617) 767-0672
Photo of Maria Daskalopoulos, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Maria Daskalopoulos
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Brookline, MA 02445
Not accepting new clients
Whether working with children, teens, adults, or families, I believe that most problems -and their solutions- are best understood in the context of relationships. I create a space where people can develop curiosity about thoughts, beliefs, and ways of interacting that feel constraining and move toward more preferred ways of being.
Whether working with children, teens, adults, or families, I believe that most problems -and their solutions- are best understood in the context of relationships. I create a space where people can develop curiosity about thoughts, beliefs, and ways of interacting that feel constraining and move toward more preferred ways of being.
(617) 249-7978 View (617) 249-7978
Photo of Yoko Hisano, MA, MSW, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Yoko Hisano
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Brookline, MA 02445  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Please Email to reach me. I offer evidence-based holistic therapy for persons of color who struggle with anxiety, grief/loss, complex trauma, and medical conditions. Do you feel stuck? Do you struggle with perfectionism and productivity? You may have analyzed why you are the way you are but can't seem to change your patterns? I also work with caregivers who are feeling burnt out, alone, and frustrated. You may have read self-help books but not satisfied with the outcome and want more than to cope. Are you are ready to create lasting changes? Together, we will aim to help you feel hopeful & for a felt sense of relief.
Please Email to reach me. I offer evidence-based holistic therapy for persons of color who struggle with anxiety, grief/loss, complex trauma, and medical conditions. Do you feel stuck? Do you struggle with perfectionism and productivity? You may have analyzed why you are the way you are but can't seem to change your patterns? I also work with caregivers who are feeling burnt out, alone, and frustrated. You may have read self-help books but not satisfied with the outcome and want more than to cope. Are you are ready to create lasting changes? Together, we will aim to help you feel hopeful & for a felt sense of relief.
(857) 392-4635 View (857) 392-4635
Photo of Judith Sanditen, MEd, PsyD, Psychologist
Judith Sanditen
Psychologist, MEd, PsyD
Verified Verified
Brookline, MA 02445
I have worked with people who have anxiety, depression, trauma, obsessions, compulsions, phobias, and panic. People come to me to work on relationships in order to resolve conflicts that are having a negative impact on them. These relationships may be significant others, spouse, child, parent, roommate, or co-worker.
I have worked with people who have anxiety, depression, trauma, obsessions, compulsions, phobias, and panic. People come to me to work on relationships in order to resolve conflicts that are having a negative impact on them. These relationships may be significant others, spouse, child, parent, roommate, or co-worker.
(617) 446-3272 View (617) 446-3272
Photo of Linda Fleger-Berman, LICSW, BCD, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Linda Fleger-Berman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, BCD
Verified Verified
Brookline, MA 02445
Together we can discover and develop your inherent strengths so that you can heal, recover, grow and live a fulfilling life. Offering a mature, warm and trusting therapeutic relationship, I take an eclectic approach: integrating Clinical Hypnosis, Psychodynamic therapy, Attachment based therapy (click above on website for details), Bioenergetics, and EMDR (Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing). Understanding that healing has a spiritual dimension, I have practiced meditation for 14 yrs. Adolescents, Adults and Elderly. Individuals, Couples and Families. Resolve Relationship issues,Anxiety, Depression, Trauma and Abuse,Addictions and Co-dependence, Loss and Grief. Realize creative potential and more. The first step is the hardest. Call (617)738-9480.
Together we can discover and develop your inherent strengths so that you can heal, recover, grow and live a fulfilling life. Offering a mature, warm and trusting therapeutic relationship, I take an eclectic approach: integrating Clinical Hypnosis, Psychodynamic therapy, Attachment based therapy (click above on website for details), Bioenergetics, and EMDR (Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing). Understanding that healing has a spiritual dimension, I have practiced meditation for 14 yrs. Adolescents, Adults and Elderly. Individuals, Couples and Families. Resolve Relationship issues,Anxiety, Depression, Trauma and Abuse,Addictions and Co-dependence, Loss and Grief. Realize creative potential and more. The first step is the hardest. Call (617)738-9480.
(617) 841-8478 View (617) 841-8478
Photo of Crystal Johnson, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Crystal Johnson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Brookline, MA 02445  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I am a Licensed Independent Clinical Social Worker who works to provide professional therapeutic services to people across Massachusetts. I specialize in anxiety, trauma, and challenging life transitions. I consider it an absolute privilege when someone allows me to be a part of their process. I have a natural curiosity toward people and strive to provide a non-judgmental environment in my practice. I take pride in understanding my client’s needs while providing quality mental health care. My intention is to bring warmth, compassion, and curiosity to the therapeutic space.
I am a Licensed Independent Clinical Social Worker who works to provide professional therapeutic services to people across Massachusetts. I specialize in anxiety, trauma, and challenging life transitions. I consider it an absolute privilege when someone allows me to be a part of their process. I have a natural curiosity toward people and strive to provide a non-judgmental environment in my practice. I take pride in understanding my client’s needs while providing quality mental health care. My intention is to bring warmth, compassion, and curiosity to the therapeutic space.
(781) 537-0916 View (781) 537-0916
Photo of Michael Mullahy, LADC-I, LCP-T
Michael Mullahy
LADC-I, LCP-T
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Brookline, MA 02445
I am a psychotherapist with 10+ years of experience providing individual therapy for adults and adolescents. My focus is on in-depth psychoanalytic therapy informed by the theory and practice of Lacanian psychoanalysis. People come to work with me when there is a problem—a symptom, a conflict, a traumatic experience—that gets in the way of satisfaction in life. Common issues include anxiety, depression, self-doubt, and difficulty with love and sexuality. Psychoanalytic work aims at addressing the real causes of these problems, and can result in new ways of relating to yourself and others.
I am a psychotherapist with 10+ years of experience providing individual therapy for adults and adolescents. My focus is on in-depth psychoanalytic therapy informed by the theory and practice of Lacanian psychoanalysis. People come to work with me when there is a problem—a symptom, a conflict, a traumatic experience—that gets in the way of satisfaction in life. Common issues include anxiety, depression, self-doubt, and difficulty with love and sexuality. Psychoanalytic work aims at addressing the real causes of these problems, and can result in new ways of relating to yourself and others.
(857) 420-5554 View (857) 420-5554
Photo of Olga E De Armas, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Olga E De Armas
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Brookline, MA 02445  (Online Only)
Perhaps I can best summarize my therapy approach by saying that therapy is an invitation to dare to dream of meeting your heart's longing" and "to know what sustains you from the inside when all else falls away". Taking the courageous step to engage in a journey of inner exploration for the purpose of remapping ourselves, re-assess our limiting beliefs, re organizing our interpersonal ways of relating, and understanding/fulfilling our life's purpose.You'll chisel out the best version of you.
Perhaps I can best summarize my therapy approach by saying that therapy is an invitation to dare to dream of meeting your heart's longing" and "to know what sustains you from the inside when all else falls away". Taking the courageous step to engage in a journey of inner exploration for the purpose of remapping ourselves, re-assess our limiting beliefs, re organizing our interpersonal ways of relating, and understanding/fulfilling our life's purpose.You'll chisel out the best version of you.
(857) 663-7769 View (857) 663-7769
Photo of Jonathan Jurow, LMHC, Counselor
Jonathan Jurow
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Brookline, MA 02445
Waitlist for new clients
I work with adults, groups, and couples, managing a range of personal and interpersonal challenges, from anxiety and depression, to addiction and major relationship dysfunction. If you are troubled by unsatisfying or unstable relationships with family members and/or partners, low self esteem, feeling stuck, concerns about your substance use, coping with transitions, spiritual or existential challenges, impulsive behavior, procrastination, or anxiety, you are welcome to contact me.
I work with adults, groups, and couples, managing a range of personal and interpersonal challenges, from anxiety and depression, to addiction and major relationship dysfunction. If you are troubled by unsatisfying or unstable relationships with family members and/or partners, low self esteem, feeling stuck, concerns about your substance use, coping with transitions, spiritual or existential challenges, impulsive behavior, procrastination, or anxiety, you are welcome to contact me.
(617) 329-5681 View (617) 329-5681
Photo of Tammy Faintuch, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Tammy Faintuch
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Brookline, MA 02445
If you are reading this, it is because you believe that you or someone you care about would benefit from therapy. I know that the search can seem overwhelming and the process daunting, so I make it a priority to create a safe, comfortable, and professional therapeutic space, no matter your difficulties, background or needs. I strive to create a trusting relationship to navigate with you whatever it is that brings you into therapy. My areas of expertise include life transitions, adjustments (acculturation, parenting, etc), learning disabilities (ADHD, Dyslexia, etc.), chronic illness, depression, anxiety, and trauma.
If you are reading this, it is because you believe that you or someone you care about would benefit from therapy. I know that the search can seem overwhelming and the process daunting, so I make it a priority to create a safe, comfortable, and professional therapeutic space, no matter your difficulties, background or needs. I strive to create a trusting relationship to navigate with you whatever it is that brings you into therapy. My areas of expertise include life transitions, adjustments (acculturation, parenting, etc), learning disabilities (ADHD, Dyslexia, etc.), chronic illness, depression, anxiety, and trauma.
View
Photo of Stephanie Welch, LMHC, Counselor
Stephanie Welch
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Brookline, MA 02445  (Online Only)
I believe in collaboration with clients. Why would you see a therapist if you don't feel heard or validated? Therapy is helping the client to gain insight and learn techniques to help them in their lives. My ideal client would be motivated towards exploring different thoughts, skills, and behaviors to a more healthy well-being.
I believe in collaboration with clients. Why would you see a therapist if you don't feel heard or validated? Therapy is helping the client to gain insight and learn techniques to help them in their lives. My ideal client would be motivated towards exploring different thoughts, skills, and behaviors to a more healthy well-being.
(857) 392-5804 View (857) 392-5804
Photo of Lawrence S Abrams, PhD, Psychologist
Lawrence S Abrams
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Brookline, MA 02445
Symptoms arise in the context of trying to adapt to something difficult in one's life. This may be an adaptation to a painful relationship, a work situation, or a physical limitation. Symptom relief comes with an initial understanding of the meaning of the problem, and then working with specific strategies to manage the problem differently. Our work will focus on who you are as a person and how your particular set of symptoms or issues have evolved for you in the context of your life as a whole.
Symptoms arise in the context of trying to adapt to something difficult in one's life. This may be an adaptation to a painful relationship, a work situation, or a physical limitation. Symptom relief comes with an initial understanding of the meaning of the problem, and then working with specific strategies to manage the problem differently. Our work will focus on who you are as a person and how your particular set of symptoms or issues have evolved for you in the context of your life as a whole.
(781) 347-2157 View (781) 347-2157
Photo of Mark W Weber, PhD, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Mark W Weber
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LICSW
Verified Verified
Brookline, MA 02445
Not accepting new clients
Unfortunately I am currently closed to new referrals. I have over 40 years of experience working with a variety of individuals from diverse backgrounds, seeking help for a great range of issues and problems. In this time I have developed great skill in providing an atmosphere of safety, respect, and optimism about the capacity to change. In the process my clients develop a dramatically increased sense of satisfaction and effective control over their lives.
Unfortunately I am currently closed to new referrals. I have over 40 years of experience working with a variety of individuals from diverse backgrounds, seeking help for a great range of issues and problems. In this time I have developed great skill in providing an atmosphere of safety, respect, and optimism about the capacity to change. In the process my clients develop a dramatically increased sense of satisfaction and effective control over their lives.
(617) 910-0972 View (617) 910-0972
Photo of Dr. David Klapatch, PsyD, LMHC, Counselor
Dr. David Klapatch
Counselor, PsyD, LMHC
Verified Verified
Brookline, MA 02445  (Online Only)
Are you struggling to manage your emotional health? Is it difficult to find balance and consistency in your daily life? If you are looking to work with a licensed therapist to manage stress, address psychiatric symptoms, discover yourself, and/or improve your relationships, I look forward to supporting you throughout your process. My approach to treatment incorporates several evidenced-based practices, including cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), psychoeducation, and goal setting, to promote the success and healing you deserve.
Are you struggling to manage your emotional health? Is it difficult to find balance and consistency in your daily life? If you are looking to work with a licensed therapist to manage stress, address psychiatric symptoms, discover yourself, and/or improve your relationships, I look forward to supporting you throughout your process. My approach to treatment incorporates several evidenced-based practices, including cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), psychoeducation, and goal setting, to promote the success and healing you deserve.
(508) 545-9925 View (508) 545-9925
Photo of Adi Inbar, LICSW , Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Adi Inbar
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Brookline, MA 02445
I am a seasoned therapist with over a decade of clinical experience dedicated to a client-centered philosophy, putting your unique needs at the forefront of our therapeutic journey. My approach integrates multiple therapeutic modalities, including psychodynamic, relational, emotion-focused, and self-compassion techniques. When appropriate, I also incorporate cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) skills. This holistic approach ensures that our therapy is tailored specifically to your individual circumstances. In addition to my private practice I am a senior therapist at Boston College.
I am a seasoned therapist with over a decade of clinical experience dedicated to a client-centered philosophy, putting your unique needs at the forefront of our therapeutic journey. My approach integrates multiple therapeutic modalities, including psychodynamic, relational, emotion-focused, and self-compassion techniques. When appropriate, I also incorporate cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) skills. This holistic approach ensures that our therapy is tailored specifically to your individual circumstances. In addition to my private practice I am a senior therapist at Boston College.
(617) 249-7280 View (617) 249-7280
Photo of Emily Carroll, MSW, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Emily Carroll
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Brookline, MA 02445
I firmly believe that growth and change are not only possible but essential aspects of the human experience. Together, we can navigate the complexities of anxiety, depression, and trauma, paving the way for calm and peace to replace feelings of distress. You are capable of overcoming challenges, and I am here to support you every step of the way. I am a dedicated therapist with a passion for facilitating transformative journeys towards healing and growth. I believe in the power of holistic healing and incorporate wellness practices and whole-body approaches into my therapeutic interventions.
I firmly believe that growth and change are not only possible but essential aspects of the human experience. Together, we can navigate the complexities of anxiety, depression, and trauma, paving the way for calm and peace to replace feelings of distress. You are capable of overcoming challenges, and I am here to support you every step of the way. I am a dedicated therapist with a passion for facilitating transformative journeys towards healing and growth. I believe in the power of holistic healing and incorporate wellness practices and whole-body approaches into my therapeutic interventions.
(617) 468-3985 View (617) 468-3985
Photo of Daniel P Johnson, PhD, Psychologist
Daniel P Johnson
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Brookline, MA 02445
I am committed to creating a safe environment in which clients feel empowered to enact meaningful change in their lives. I approach this work using acceptance commitment therapy (ACT), a scientifically-validated treatment that prioritizes the client's values in therapy and offers concrete skills for how to work with painful experiences and how to take mindful, effective action in difficult situations. This ACT approach is supported and informed by my training in other cognitive-behavioral therapies, including exposure with response prevention (ERP), prolonged exposure (PE), and dialectical behavior therapy (DBT).
I am committed to creating a safe environment in which clients feel empowered to enact meaningful change in their lives. I approach this work using acceptance commitment therapy (ACT), a scientifically-validated treatment that prioritizes the client's values in therapy and offers concrete skills for how to work with painful experiences and how to take mindful, effective action in difficult situations. This ACT approach is supported and informed by my training in other cognitive-behavioral therapies, including exposure with response prevention (ERP), prolonged exposure (PE), and dialectical behavior therapy (DBT).
(857) 847-3433 View (857) 847-3433
1
...

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 02445

200+

Average cost per session

$180

Therapists in 02445 who prioritize treating:

91% Anxiety
87% Depression
80% Relationship Issues
75% Self Esteem
66% Coping Skills
65% Trauma and PTSD
63% Grief

Average years in practice

16 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

84% BlueCross and BlueShield
42% Aetna
40% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 02445 see their clients

65% In Person and Online
35% Online Only

Gender breakdown

73% Female
26% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 02445?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.