Therapists in Putnam County, OH

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Photo of Joan E. Collar, MSW, LISW-S, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Joan E. Collar
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LISW-S
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
My focus is truly about helping people. We all experience challenges in our lives and feel out of balance from time to time. I believe my role is to help people identify challenges and discover methods to address those challenges-returning balance in their lives. I have treated adolescents, adults and the geriatric population- both in the hospital setting and in general practice. Recently, I completed a certificate course in Sports Social Work. This has expanded my practice to include a special focus for athletes, not only to enhance performance but to address specific needs of athletes.
My focus is truly about helping people. We all experience challenges in our lives and feel out of balance from time to time. I believe my role is to help people identify challenges and discover methods to address those challenges-returning balance in their lives. I have treated adolescents, adults and the geriatric population- both in the hospital setting and in general practice. Recently, I completed a certificate course in Sports Social Work. This has expanded my practice to include a special focus for athletes, not only to enhance performance but to address specific needs of athletes.
(419) 659-5998 View (419) 659-5998
Photo of Linda Ellerbrock, LPCC
Linda Ellerbrock
Licensed Social Worker, LPCC
Verified Verified
Leipsic, OH 45856
Hi, I am Linda Ellerbrock LSW, LPCC Do you feel swept up in the storms of life? Do you feel like you are stuck in a bad dream that will never end? Do you feel like you are haunted by the "Wicked Witches" or "Flying Monkeys" of life? Follow the Ellerbrock Road Counseling Services and I can help. Just as the All and Powerful Oz helped Dorothy get back home, the Scarecrow a brain, The Tin Man a heart and the Cowardly Lion find courage, I can help you do the same. I am here to help repair fragile homes, restore disordered thinking, mend broken hearts, and find the courage to keep moving on when times are tough.
Hi, I am Linda Ellerbrock LSW, LPCC Do you feel swept up in the storms of life? Do you feel like you are stuck in a bad dream that will never end? Do you feel like you are haunted by the "Wicked Witches" or "Flying Monkeys" of life? Follow the Ellerbrock Road Counseling Services and I can help. Just as the All and Powerful Oz helped Dorothy get back home, the Scarecrow a brain, The Tin Man a heart and the Cowardly Lion find courage, I can help you do the same. I am here to help repair fragile homes, restore disordered thinking, mend broken hearts, and find the courage to keep moving on when times are tough.
(419) 963-3235 View (419) 963-3235
Photo of Lori Klaus - Klaus Counseling Group, LLC, LPCC-S, CDCA, Counselor
Klaus Counseling Group, LLC
Counselor, LPCC-S, CDCA
Verified Verified
Kalida, OH 45853  (Online Only)
I work with adults to overcome their challenges to achieve their goals and thrive in a supportive, compassionate, and non-judgmental way. I specialize in marital issues, depression, anxiety, mood disorders, PTSD, anger management, stress management, self-esteem issues, grief, trauma, life transitions, burn out, co-dependency, and relationship issues. I am trained in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), mindfulness, solution-focused therapy, trauma informed care, and the Gottman method.
I work with adults to overcome their challenges to achieve their goals and thrive in a supportive, compassionate, and non-judgmental way. I specialize in marital issues, depression, anxiety, mood disorders, PTSD, anger management, stress management, self-esteem issues, grief, trauma, life transitions, burn out, co-dependency, and relationship issues. I am trained in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), mindfulness, solution-focused therapy, trauma informed care, and the Gottman method.
(419) 910-4034 View (419) 910-4034
Photo of Barry M Beckman, PsyD, Psychologist
Barry M Beckman
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Not accepting new clients
I promise my patients to be honest and sincere. I enjoy being a psychologist because I get to be in the privileged position to help others and generally see my patients get better and find greater joy and fulfillment in their lives.I work with children, adolescents, adults, couples and families. I have interest and expertise in a number of areas, but especially get excited about marital/couples therapy. I have been PAIRS trained (Practical Application of Intimate Relationship Skills) and enjoy solution focused interventions with couples.
I promise my patients to be honest and sincere. I enjoy being a psychologist because I get to be in the privileged position to help others and generally see my patients get better and find greater joy and fulfillment in their lives.I work with children, adolescents, adults, couples and families. I have interest and expertise in a number of areas, but especially get excited about marital/couples therapy. I have been PAIRS trained (Practical Application of Intimate Relationship Skills) and enjoy solution focused interventions with couples.
(419) 659-5998 View (419) 659-5998
Photo of Taylor Pace, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Taylor Pace
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Columbus Grove, OH 45830  (Online Only)
I believe in the resilience of the human spirit! There is a reason you landed here. I'm here to help you understand why you are the way you are. You have possibly endured trauma, abuse, loss, and heartbreak. Let's put you back together while focusing on destroying those limiting beliefs you developed about yourself along the way.
I believe in the resilience of the human spirit! There is a reason you landed here. I'm here to help you understand why you are the way you are. You have possibly endured trauma, abuse, loss, and heartbreak. Let's put you back together while focusing on destroying those limiting beliefs you developed about yourself along the way.
(564) 224-2739 View (564) 224-2739
Photo of Deborah Smith, LISW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Deborah Smith
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LISW
Verified Verified
Continental, OH 45831
Hi! My name is Deborah, and I am a Licensed Independent Social Worker. I work with children, adolescents, and adults and specialize in anxiety, depression, complex trauma, parenting, autism, bipolar disorder, and more. I aim to create a safe environment and build a trusting, nourishing relationship where you can start your journey of healing and growth. I work with children, adolescents, and adults and specialize in anxiety, depression, complex trauma, parenting, autism, bipolar disorder, behavioral challenges, and more.
Hi! My name is Deborah, and I am a Licensed Independent Social Worker. I work with children, adolescents, and adults and specialize in anxiety, depression, complex trauma, parenting, autism, bipolar disorder, and more. I aim to create a safe environment and build a trusting, nourishing relationship where you can start your journey of healing and growth. I work with children, adolescents, and adults and specialize in anxiety, depression, complex trauma, parenting, autism, bipolar disorder, behavioral challenges, and more.
(440) 664-2502 View (440) 664-2502
Photo of Donald E Spafford, MA,  MS, LICDC, CRC, Drug & Alcohol Counselor
Donald E Spafford
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, MA, MS, LICDC, CRC
Verified Verified
Hi, I’m Don, and for nearly 40 years as a chemical dependency counselor, I have learned that the most important part of a counselor’s job is to listen.
Hi, I’m Don, and for nearly 40 years as a chemical dependency counselor, I have learned that the most important part of a counselor’s job is to listen.
(937) 699-5407 View (937) 699-5407
Photo of Branden Heineman - Calvary Behavioral Health and Counseling , LPCC-CS, Counselor
Calvary Behavioral Health and Counseling
Counselor, LPCC-CS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Columbus Grove, OH 45830  (Online Only)
Welcome to Calvary Behavioral Health, where healing meets faith. At our practice, we offer a unique approach to therapy that integrates Christian principles with evidence-based techniques to provide holistic care for individuals seeking mental and emotional well-being. Whether you're a devout Christian seeking therapy that aligns with your faith or someone from any background looking for compassionate support, we welcome you with open arms.
Welcome to Calvary Behavioral Health, where healing meets faith. At our practice, we offer a unique approach to therapy that integrates Christian principles with evidence-based techniques to provide holistic care for individuals seeking mental and emotional well-being. Whether you're a devout Christian seeking therapy that aligns with your faith or someone from any background looking for compassionate support, we welcome you with open arms.
(513) 270-2871 View (513) 270-2871
Photo of Taylor Williams, LPCC
Taylor Williams
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
Fort Jennings, OH 45844
Hello, I am Taylor Williams, a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor with over 9 years of clinical experience. I am trauma certified and DBT-focused on helping diverse individuals who have Borderline Personality, Trauma, PTSD, Life Transitions, Family Conflict, and LGBTQIA+ issues. I utilize a combination of Dialectical (DBT), Trauma Focused, Existential, Feminist, and Holistic therapies. From my experiences, I believe life can improve after learning healthy coping skills and processing the past.
Hello, I am Taylor Williams, a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor with over 9 years of clinical experience. I am trauma certified and DBT-focused on helping diverse individuals who have Borderline Personality, Trauma, PTSD, Life Transitions, Family Conflict, and LGBTQIA+ issues. I utilize a combination of Dialectical (DBT), Trauma Focused, Existential, Feminist, and Holistic therapies. From my experiences, I believe life can improve after learning healthy coping skills and processing the past.
(740) 908-4939 View (740) 908-4939
Matthew Bradley
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified Verified
Columbus Grove, OH 45830  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I primarily focused on helping adult individuals. Rather it be a neurotic disorder, a mood disorder, a psychosis, or something less complex, I have a thorough understanding of working with individuals. I have focused my therapeutic education on clinical adult mental health. I utilize system theory, cognitive behavior theory, dialectical behavioral theory, and empowerment theory. All of these concepts I have studied throughout my college career into post-graduate trainings. Each plays an important part throughout the therapeutic process and are utilize interchangeably.
I primarily focused on helping adult individuals. Rather it be a neurotic disorder, a mood disorder, a psychosis, or something less complex, I have a thorough understanding of working with individuals. I have focused my therapeutic education on clinical adult mental health. I utilize system theory, cognitive behavior theory, dialectical behavioral theory, and empowerment theory. All of these concepts I have studied throughout my college career into post-graduate trainings. Each plays an important part throughout the therapeutic process and are utilize interchangeably.
(419) 670-7505 View (419) 670-7505
Photo of Rachel Dorsey, MS, LPC, NCC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Rachel Dorsey
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
The impact of society as well as the cultural expectation to discover on our sense of self can be disheartening. This process may lead to feeling fear, anxiety, doubt, or shame, which can leave you feeling stuck and unfulfilled. You deserve support that honors all aspects of your lived experience. I am a LGBTQIA+ affirming, body positive, trauma informed, socially conscious, and anti-racist/anti-oppressive oriented therapist. My areas of focus are individual work, especially with women 18-40 as they grow into their power as women. I also work with families and couples wanting to increase communication and reduce negativity.
The impact of society as well as the cultural expectation to discover on our sense of self can be disheartening. This process may lead to feeling fear, anxiety, doubt, or shame, which can leave you feeling stuck and unfulfilled. You deserve support that honors all aspects of your lived experience. I am a LGBTQIA+ affirming, body positive, trauma informed, socially conscious, and anti-racist/anti-oppressive oriented therapist. My areas of focus are individual work, especially with women 18-40 as they grow into their power as women. I also work with families and couples wanting to increase communication and reduce negativity.
(440) 271-8259 View (440) 271-8259

Online Therapists

Photo of Crystal Geyer, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Crystal Geyer
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Columbus, OH 43214  (Online Only)
Hello Sacred One! Are you looking to deepen your understanding of your internal world? Would you like to nurture your relationship with yourself and others in a way that cultivates deep connection and authenticity? Together, we can explore the unknowns of your inner world, unraveling the complexities behind moments of reactivity, triggers, and emotional responses. We can do transformational trauma work together to bring healing to wounded parts of you and a deep sense of compassion and understanding.
Hello Sacred One! Are you looking to deepen your understanding of your internal world? Would you like to nurture your relationship with yourself and others in a way that cultivates deep connection and authenticity? Together, we can explore the unknowns of your inner world, unraveling the complexities behind moments of reactivity, triggers, and emotional responses. We can do transformational trauma work together to bring healing to wounded parts of you and a deep sense of compassion and understanding.
(503) 461-1463 View (503) 461-1463
Photo of Rita Abdallah, LISW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Rita Abdallah
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LISW
Verified Verified
Columbus, OH 43235
Hi! I'm a Licensed Independent Social Worker-Supervisor (LISW-S) based in Ohio. I received my Masters from the University of Connecticut and have been practicing for 30+ years. It is a joy to work with people of different backgrounds and to help them deal with a variety of life experiences such as chronic illness, relationships career stressors, spiritual exploration, resilience and more.
Hi! I'm a Licensed Independent Social Worker-Supervisor (LISW-S) based in Ohio. I received my Masters from the University of Connecticut and have been practicing for 30+ years. It is a joy to work with people of different backgrounds and to help them deal with a variety of life experiences such as chronic illness, relationships career stressors, spiritual exploration, resilience and more.
(440) 664-2265 View (440) 664-2265
Photo of Danielle Mumpton, LPCC
Danielle Mumpton
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
Columbus, OH 43212
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor in the state of Ohio. I received my Masters of Science in mental health counseling at the State University of New York at Oswego. I have experience working with children, adolescents and adults. My focus as a counselor is working with children, the treatment of mood disorders, relationships, parenting, personality disorders and more. I am versed utilizing techniques such as non-directive client-centered therapy , as well as other counseling methods.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor in the state of Ohio. I received my Masters of Science in mental health counseling at the State University of New York at Oswego. I have experience working with children, adolescents and adults. My focus as a counselor is working with children, the treatment of mood disorders, relationships, parenting, personality disorders and more. I am versed utilizing techniques such as non-directive client-centered therapy , as well as other counseling methods.
(614) 826-6750 View (614) 826-6750
Photo of Beth Woods, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Beth Woods
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Gahanna, OH 43230  (Online Only)
Are you looking for a nonjudgmental, friendly counselor for you or your teenager? Are you or your teen not feeling like yourself? Beth Woods is a Licensed Professional Counselor and school counselor. Beth specializes in treatment for depression, anxiety, life transitions, developmental issues, self-esteem, grief, and behavioral problems. She has a person-centered approach and utilizes cognitive behavioral and solution-focused therapies to help clients reach their personal wellness goals.
Are you looking for a nonjudgmental, friendly counselor for you or your teenager? Are you or your teen not feeling like yourself? Beth Woods is a Licensed Professional Counselor and school counselor. Beth specializes in treatment for depression, anxiety, life transitions, developmental issues, self-esteem, grief, and behavioral problems. She has a person-centered approach and utilizes cognitive behavioral and solution-focused therapies to help clients reach their personal wellness goals.
(614) 820-1918 View (614) 820-1918
Photo of Joshua Taylor, LPCC, LICDC
Joshua Taylor
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC, LICDC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Dayton, OH 45431  (Online Only)
Are you tired of drinking? Is there somebody else you know that is tired of your drinking? If you can answer yes to either f those statements, I am sure there are times you know deep down you really want to quit or at least cut down. Other times, however, you don't think things are too bad and maybe you can handle it. Often, you have both thoughts in the same day and knowing the best path forward is frustrating. Let me encourage you with this thought: If you are reading this, you have already decided that you need something different in your life, its time.
Are you tired of drinking? Is there somebody else you know that is tired of your drinking? If you can answer yes to either f those statements, I am sure there are times you know deep down you really want to quit or at least cut down. Other times, however, you don't think things are too bad and maybe you can handle it. Often, you have both thoughts in the same day and knowing the best path forward is frustrating. Let me encourage you with this thought: If you are reading this, you have already decided that you need something different in your life, its time.
(937) 400-1995 View (937) 400-1995
Photo of Jennifer E Payne, MA, LPCC, Counselor
Jennifer E Payne
Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified Verified
Wanting change but don't know where to start? Look no further. I love being a counselor! I enjoy meeting and learning about new clients and helping them identify and make changes in their lives. I specialize in mood disorders, anxiety disorders and self-esteem issues, but I can help you address many different problems. I thoroughly enjoy working with members of the LGBTQIA2S+ community, including people who are transitioning. Through a variety of techniques and strategies, including cognitive-behavioral therapy, narrative therapy, mindfulness and many others, we make goals become reality. I can't wait to hear your story!
Wanting change but don't know where to start? Look no further. I love being a counselor! I enjoy meeting and learning about new clients and helping them identify and make changes in their lives. I specialize in mood disorders, anxiety disorders and self-esteem issues, but I can help you address many different problems. I thoroughly enjoy working with members of the LGBTQIA2S+ community, including people who are transitioning. Through a variety of techniques and strategies, including cognitive-behavioral therapy, narrative therapy, mindfulness and many others, we make goals become reality. I can't wait to hear your story!
(567) 229-3295 x5 View (567) 229-3295 x5
Photo of Paul Culbertson, LPC
Paul Culbertson
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Yellow Springs, OH 45387  (Online Only)
I focus on autism/ADHD (with or without trauma/PTSD). ADHD/Autism does not need to be previously diagnosed. My method is to analyze connections which typically stem back to one’s family of origin, which can lead to poor self-regard. Together, we work to identify patterns and tendencies, as well as where they came from. I’ve seen people change for the better. We are looking for results, realizations, epiphanies, and for you to break free from the cycle of unhappiness and self-loathing. www.PaulCulbertson.com
I focus on autism/ADHD (with or without trauma/PTSD). ADHD/Autism does not need to be previously diagnosed. My method is to analyze connections which typically stem back to one’s family of origin, which can lead to poor self-regard. Together, we work to identify patterns and tendencies, as well as where they came from. I’ve seen people change for the better. We are looking for results, realizations, epiphanies, and for you to break free from the cycle of unhappiness and self-loathing. www.PaulCulbertson.com
(234) 217-5494 View (234) 217-5494
Photo of Bethany Troth Dwinnell, MA, MSW, LISW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Bethany Troth Dwinnell
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, MSW, LISW
Verified Verified
Dublin, OH 43017  (Online Only)
I am a private practice Licensed Independent Clinical Social Worker specializing in individuals & couples since 2021. In addition to traditional counseling techniques, I employ an eclectic approach which includes mindfulness training for improving mood and performance. Because of my strong belief in the connection between mind and body, I have received certifications in Natural Health Care and can discuss options for improving your mental health through dietary changes. When working with couples, I employ techniques I've acquired as a Level 2 trained Gottman Therapist.
I am a private practice Licensed Independent Clinical Social Worker specializing in individuals & couples since 2021. In addition to traditional counseling techniques, I employ an eclectic approach which includes mindfulness training for improving mood and performance. Because of my strong belief in the connection between mind and body, I have received certifications in Natural Health Care and can discuss options for improving your mental health through dietary changes. When working with couples, I employ techniques I've acquired as a Level 2 trained Gottman Therapist.
(614) 468-8791 View (614) 468-8791
Photo of Cassidy Keller, LPCC, Counselor
Cassidy Keller
Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
Westerville, OH 43081
Cassidy Keller is a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor Supervisor (LPCC-S) through the State of Ohio Counselor, Social Worker, and Marriage and Family Therapist Board and a National Certified Counselor (NCC) through the National Board for Certified Counselors, Inc. She received her Bachelor of Arts in Psychology, with a minor in Communications, and her Master of Arts in Counseling from West Virginia University. While in West Virginia, Cassidy worked in an intensive outpatient program for substance abuse and a comprehensive opioid addiction treatment program for pregnant women.
Cassidy Keller is a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor Supervisor (LPCC-S) through the State of Ohio Counselor, Social Worker, and Marriage and Family Therapist Board and a National Certified Counselor (NCC) through the National Board for Certified Counselors, Inc. She received her Bachelor of Arts in Psychology, with a minor in Communications, and her Master of Arts in Counseling from West Virginia University. While in West Virginia, Cassidy worked in an intensive outpatient program for substance abuse and a comprehensive opioid addiction treatment program for pregnant women.
(614) 860-5817 View (614) 860-5817

See more therapy options for Putnam County

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Putnam County, OH

10+

Average cost per session

$122

Therapists in Putnam County, OH who prioritize treating:

91% Depression
91% Anxiety
82% Coping Skills
82% Self Esteem
73% Relationship Issues
73% Trauma and PTSD
73% Bipolar Disorder

Average years in practice

18 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% BlueCross and BlueShield
82% Aetna
82% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Putnam County, OH see their clients

64% In Person and Online
36% Online Only

Gender breakdown

63% Female
37% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Putnam County?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.