Therapists in Vineland, NJ

Photo of Aspire Counseling Services, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Vineland, NJ
Aspire Counseling Services
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Vineland, NJ 08360  (Online Only)
Katherine Matthews brings an authentic, engaging and eclectic style that meets the client where they are at. She understands that different techniques work for different people, and tailors her approach based on client needs for each session. Katherine provides a warm, empowering and open-minded environment. Katherine can help you establish and work towards goals that involve symptoms and reactions to Depression, Anxiety, Family dysfunction, Adjustment issues, and Trauma.
Katherine Matthews brings an authentic, engaging and eclectic style that meets the client where they are at. She understands that different techniques work for different people, and tailors her approach based on client needs for each session. Katherine provides a warm, empowering and open-minded environment. Katherine can help you establish and work towards goals that involve symptoms and reactions to Depression, Anxiety, Family dysfunction, Adjustment issues, and Trauma.
(856) 523-3225 View (856) 523-3225
Photo of Tammy E. Vaughn, Licensed Professional Counselor in Vineland, NJ
Tammy E. Vaughn
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Vineland, NJ 08361
Hi, my name is Tammy Vaughn. My clients, whether children or adults, tell me they feel comfortable with me because I'm friendly and relatable. My client centered approach is important to me because I believe that clients must feel heard, understood and helped. After a crisis, my clients often reach out to me again because they need support and to be heard or to create a plan. Some clients have requested a spiritual or Christian focus to their counseling, which is another area I can help you better understand. I provide a safe space to share problems and work on your goals. I hope to help you soon!
Hi, my name is Tammy Vaughn. My clients, whether children or adults, tell me they feel comfortable with me because I'm friendly and relatable. My client centered approach is important to me because I believe that clients must feel heard, understood and helped. After a crisis, my clients often reach out to me again because they need support and to be heard or to create a plan. Some clients have requested a spiritual or Christian focus to their counseling, which is another area I can help you better understand. I provide a safe space to share problems and work on your goals. I hope to help you soon!
(856) 558-7043 View (856) 558-7043
Photo of Danielle Matteo, Counselor in Vineland, NJ
Danielle Matteo
Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
Vineland, NJ 08361
Not accepting new clients
Are experiences of trauma, depression or anxiety feeling like too much to carry? If so, know that you do not have to carry it alone. As a clinician at The Healing Den, my goal is to support folks through difficult periods and towards growth and resiliency utilizing a trauma and attachment-based lens.
Are experiences of trauma, depression or anxiety feeling like too much to carry? If so, know that you do not have to carry it alone. As a clinician at The Healing Den, my goal is to support folks through difficult periods and towards growth and resiliency utilizing a trauma and attachment-based lens.
(856) 245-2294 View (856) 245-2294
The Healing Den
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Vineland, NJ 08361
Are you struggling or have you struggled in the past? Your mental health is important and I want to be able to support you and your goals. The time is right now to be the best version of yourself! I am passionate about helping others navigate through life's stressors, develop strategies to manage them, or to simply listen empathetically. I have many years of experience working with children/adolescents/teens, young adults, and parent/child relationships. It is important to me that I create an open space for sharing that allows my client(s) to explore and process their emotions, both safely and effectively.
Are you struggling or have you struggled in the past? Your mental health is important and I want to be able to support you and your goals. The time is right now to be the best version of yourself! I am passionate about helping others navigate through life's stressors, develop strategies to manage them, or to simply listen empathetically. I have many years of experience working with children/adolescents/teens, young adults, and parent/child relationships. It is important to me that I create an open space for sharing that allows my client(s) to explore and process their emotions, both safely and effectively.
(856) 421-6920 View (856) 421-6920
Photo of Phoenix Counseling & Trauma Treatment Center, LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Vineland, NJ
Phoenix Counseling & Trauma Treatment Center, LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Vineland, NJ 08360  (Online Only)
Are you feeling confused, nerves frayed, your health deteriorating? Are you exhausted from walking on eggshells, desperately trying to keep the peace in your relationship? To others your partner is perfect. But living with their chaotic "I love you/I hate you" behavior has left you feeling trapped and hopeless.
Are you feeling confused, nerves frayed, your health deteriorating? Are you exhausted from walking on eggshells, desperately trying to keep the peace in your relationship? To others your partner is perfect. But living with their chaotic "I love you/I hate you" behavior has left you feeling trapped and hopeless.
(856) 205-4139 View (856) 205-4139
Photo of Christine Ruiz, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Vineland, NJ
Christine Ruiz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LISW-CP
Verified Verified
Vineland, NJ 08360  (Online Only)
Are you coming out of a domestic violence relationship? Having a hard time healing after abuse and trauma? Are you looking for ways to reduce the impact of your negative thoughts. Are you ready to seek the support you need to get past this difficult time?
Are you coming out of a domestic violence relationship? Having a hard time healing after abuse and trauma? Are you looking for ways to reduce the impact of your negative thoughts. Are you ready to seek the support you need to get past this difficult time?
(856) 567-5540 View (856) 567-5540
Photo of Cheryl Loddo, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Vineland, NJ
Cheryl Loddo
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, LCADC
Verified Verified
Vineland, NJ 08360
Life is not always easy. Often it can feel like an emotional roller coaster with its ups and downs. Life experiences whether traumatic or stressful can have an impact on our emotions, relationships, and mental well-being. Whether you struggle with anxiety, depression, PTSD, low self-esteem, or any other issues know there is always hope for a better tomorrow. I am passionate about helping people strengthen their abilities to manage life’s challenges and I am committed to providing high quality care to individuals. I provide a judgment free environment where you can learn about yourself and work towards your goals. Lets work together.
Life is not always easy. Often it can feel like an emotional roller coaster with its ups and downs. Life experiences whether traumatic or stressful can have an impact on our emotions, relationships, and mental well-being. Whether you struggle with anxiety, depression, PTSD, low self-esteem, or any other issues know there is always hope for a better tomorrow. I am passionate about helping people strengthen their abilities to manage life’s challenges and I am committed to providing high quality care to individuals. I provide a judgment free environment where you can learn about yourself and work towards your goals. Lets work together.
(856) 644-6314 View (856) 644-6314
Photo of Karina E Castillo, Marriage & Family Therapist Intern in Vineland, NJ
Karina E Castillo
Marriage & Family Therapist Intern, MA
Verified Verified
Vineland, NJ 08360
Welcome! I am Karina Castillo, Marriage and Family Therapist at My Therapy Connection. I am a Marriage and Family Therapy graduate of Syracuse University. I invite you to take the first steps to caring for yourself beginning from the inside out. I look forward to guiding you through this journey in achieving your goals. Whether you are looking to repair a wounded marriage, help your teenager develop ways to have healthy relationships with you or just seeking to gain power over your mental health needs, I am here to help you through it all. I welcome you to find healing in your life and relationships.
Welcome! I am Karina Castillo, Marriage and Family Therapist at My Therapy Connection. I am a Marriage and Family Therapy graduate of Syracuse University. I invite you to take the first steps to caring for yourself beginning from the inside out. I look forward to guiding you through this journey in achieving your goals. Whether you are looking to repair a wounded marriage, help your teenager develop ways to have healthy relationships with you or just seeking to gain power over your mental health needs, I am here to help you through it all. I welcome you to find healing in your life and relationships.
(856) 263-5557 View (856) 263-5557
Photo of Alejandra Montecinos, Marriage & Family Therapist in Vineland, NJ
Alejandra Montecinos
Marriage & Family Therapist, LAMFT
Verified Verified
Vineland, NJ 08360  (Online Only)
Somos un grupo de terapeutas que realizamos evaluaciones para migración para perdones en migración, visas U, VAWA y cartas para migración en general. Usted y su familia son bienvenidos. Cada caso lo tomamos individualmente. Nos escribe un email que lo puede buscar en nuestra pagina web "onlinetherapyusa.com" o nos llama y nosotros tomamos el caso en menos de 48 hrs. despues de hacer un detallado cuestionario para saber el problema. Usted no debe salir de su casa, todo es por la cámara que tiene su teléfono.El costo por evaluación es de $ 1500 en casos individuales(incluye tests y traducciones)
Somos un grupo de terapeutas que realizamos evaluaciones para migración para perdones en migración, visas U, VAWA y cartas para migración en general. Usted y su familia son bienvenidos. Cada caso lo tomamos individualmente. Nos escribe un email que lo puede buscar en nuestra pagina web "onlinetherapyusa.com" o nos llama y nosotros tomamos el caso en menos de 48 hrs. despues de hacer un detallado cuestionario para saber el problema. Usted no debe salir de su casa, todo es por la cámara que tiene su teléfono.El costo por evaluación es de $ 1500 en casos individuales(incluye tests y traducciones)
(215) 458-2747 View (215) 458-2747
Photo of Zelrecka S Lindsey, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Vineland, NJ
Zelrecka S Lindsey
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, ACS, LISW
Verified Verified
Vineland, NJ 08360  (Online Only)
I created Agape Healing Works because I knew what it felt like to want to begin to heal but couldn’t afford that healing process or feeling judged about some of the decisions you have made in your life. We have all fell short of our hopes, dreams and aspirations that we desire in life but at Agape Healing Works those hopes, dreams and aspirations can become a reality. Agape- pure, selfless and unconditional. My mission is to provide individuals with a therapist that is culturally competent, providing holistic and wellness focused services that help transform personal challenges into life enhancing opportunities.
I created Agape Healing Works because I knew what it felt like to want to begin to heal but couldn’t afford that healing process or feeling judged about some of the decisions you have made in your life. We have all fell short of our hopes, dreams and aspirations that we desire in life but at Agape Healing Works those hopes, dreams and aspirations can become a reality. Agape- pure, selfless and unconditional. My mission is to provide individuals with a therapist that is culturally competent, providing holistic and wellness focused services that help transform personal challenges into life enhancing opportunities.
(856) 205-4794 View (856) 205-4794
Photo of The Healing Den , Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Vineland, NJ
The Healing Den
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Vineland, NJ 08361
As a Licensed Clinical Social Worker, I am committed to providing my clients with the support and skills they deserve in order to create a strong sense of mental health. I have experience working with children, adolescents and adults and focus my work using techniques that help re-shape how we see ourselves as well as creating ideal environments for each of us to thrive.
As a Licensed Clinical Social Worker, I am committed to providing my clients with the support and skills they deserve in order to create a strong sense of mental health. I have experience working with children, adolescents and adults and focus my work using techniques that help re-shape how we see ourselves as well as creating ideal environments for each of us to thrive.
(856) 617-5240 View (856) 617-5240
Photo of Lannie Winston, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Vineland, NJ
Lannie Winston
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Vineland, NJ 08360
Lannie Winston is LCSW with over 6 years of experience in the mental health field, working with diverse populations 3-73 years old in diverse settings in outpatient, residential, and in-home therapy. I have witness the positive impact movement and music can have, as a coping strategy when used with mental health services. I specialized in treating people with depression, anxiety and trauma. At Healthy Mind & Body Counseling Services, my motto is that your physical and mind health are connected.
Lannie Winston is LCSW with over 6 years of experience in the mental health field, working with diverse populations 3-73 years old in diverse settings in outpatient, residential, and in-home therapy. I have witness the positive impact movement and music can have, as a coping strategy when used with mental health services. I specialized in treating people with depression, anxiety and trauma. At Healthy Mind & Body Counseling Services, my motto is that your physical and mind health are connected.
(856) 556-3904 View (856) 556-3904
Photo of Linda M Kandle, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Vineland, NJ
Linda M Kandle
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSS, LCSW
Verified Verified
Vineland, NJ 08360
Not accepting new clients
"Happiness is not a destination, it is a way of getting there." Because life is difficult at times, the support and guidance of a therapist now and then can help create a clearer path. My approach is to create a partnership in a safe environment that will allow clients to confront obstacles, conflicts and fears that impede happiness. Sometimes this is a solo journey or one you take with a partner or family. Learning new skills, expanding your vision and beliefs, trusting your own innate wisdom can help you find more contentment even in the face of life's challenges.
"Happiness is not a destination, it is a way of getting there." Because life is difficult at times, the support and guidance of a therapist now and then can help create a clearer path. My approach is to create a partnership in a safe environment that will allow clients to confront obstacles, conflicts and fears that impede happiness. Sometimes this is a solo journey or one you take with a partner or family. Learning new skills, expanding your vision and beliefs, trusting your own innate wisdom can help you find more contentment even in the face of life's challenges.
(856) 375-8540 View (856) 375-8540
Photo of Toyin Obajinmi, Licensed Professional Counselor in Vineland, NJ
Toyin Obajinmi
Licensed Professional Counselor, EdS, MA, MEd
Verified Verified
Vineland, NJ 08360  (Online Only)
Are you feeling uneasy about life and overwhelm about how you could manage your uncharted issues? Getting well cannot be under-mentioned in our world. Mental health issues raise major concerns in the society. Nevertheless, being mentally wealthy contributes to fulfillment in life as inner peace remains the core of every day living. People are anxious, depressed and uncertain almost every minute. Need for therapeutic support is germane to healthy lifestyle. Looking for a compassionate therapist who will walk you through the process of becoming mentally wealthy? Reach out to me and let us begin the journey to recovery and wellness.
Are you feeling uneasy about life and overwhelm about how you could manage your uncharted issues? Getting well cannot be under-mentioned in our world. Mental health issues raise major concerns in the society. Nevertheless, being mentally wealthy contributes to fulfillment in life as inner peace remains the core of every day living. People are anxious, depressed and uncertain almost every minute. Need for therapeutic support is germane to healthy lifestyle. Looking for a compassionate therapist who will walk you through the process of becoming mentally wealthy? Reach out to me and let us begin the journey to recovery and wellness.
(609) 881-1549 View (609) 881-1549
Photo of Shannon Gallina, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Vineland, NJ
Shannon Gallina
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Vineland, NJ 08360
Hello! My name is Shannon and I am a Licensed Social Worker in New Jersey. As your therapist, I am dedicated to actively listening to your personal story while helping you create a growth and healing plan that will lead to your specific goals and needs. I believe that you are the greatest asset when it comes to navigating therapy and we will work together in a safe, respected, and empathetic environment towards your desired results.
Hello! My name is Shannon and I am a Licensed Social Worker in New Jersey. As your therapist, I am dedicated to actively listening to your personal story while helping you create a growth and healing plan that will lead to your specific goals and needs. I believe that you are the greatest asset when it comes to navigating therapy and we will work together in a safe, respected, and empathetic environment towards your desired results.
(856) 367-6538 View (856) 367-6538
Photo of Joseph M Williams, Licensed Professional Counselor in Vineland, NJ
Joseph M Williams
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, LCADC, CCS, CPS
Verified Verified
Vineland, NJ 08360
Life's struggles can cause confusion, discomfort, and unhappiness in our life. Issues that are troubling can lead to substance use, increased stress, and or other unsettling thoughts/behaviors often resulting in unpleasant actions or regrettable decisions. It has been stated, "a wise man [person] seeks counsel", and truly a person who recognizes the benefits of counseling demonstrates action toward a healthier lifestyle and positive mental health. Regardless of the reasons why, it is important to feel empowered to overcome them and effectively cope with them in a more effective, healthier way.
Life's struggles can cause confusion, discomfort, and unhappiness in our life. Issues that are troubling can lead to substance use, increased stress, and or other unsettling thoughts/behaviors often resulting in unpleasant actions or regrettable decisions. It has been stated, "a wise man [person] seeks counsel", and truly a person who recognizes the benefits of counseling demonstrates action toward a healthier lifestyle and positive mental health. Regardless of the reasons why, it is important to feel empowered to overcome them and effectively cope with them in a more effective, healthier way.
(856) 794-1011 x311 View (856) 794-1011 x311
Photo of Dr. Alexis Reyes, Psychologist in Vineland, NJ
Dr. Alexis Reyes
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Vineland, NJ 08361
I am a licensed forensic psychologist specializing in psycho-legal assessment. I’m trained in the areas of risk assessment, competency to proceed, criminal responsibility, malingering, parental capacity and bonding, firearms evaluations, fitness for duty, and sexual recidivism. In addition to my assessment experience, I have completed clinical work related to juveniles within the criminal justice system, as well as adults ordered to participate in anger management, domestic violence, competency restoration, and sex offender treatment.
I am a licensed forensic psychologist specializing in psycho-legal assessment. I’m trained in the areas of risk assessment, competency to proceed, criminal responsibility, malingering, parental capacity and bonding, firearms evaluations, fitness for duty, and sexual recidivism. In addition to my assessment experience, I have completed clinical work related to juveniles within the criminal justice system, as well as adults ordered to participate in anger management, domestic violence, competency restoration, and sex offender treatment.
(856) 420-7668 View (856) 420-7668
Photo of Jillian Young, Licensed Professional Counselor in Vineland, NJ
Jillian Young
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, ACS
Verified Verified
Vineland, NJ 08360
Hi there! My name is Jillian with My Therapy Connection. I am a Licensed Professional Counselor and a Nationally Approved Clinical Supervisor. I love the work that I do and have a true passion for helping others. It has always been my belief that when working with an individual, it is a partnership. You steer the car and I hold the map, to help guide you to your ultimate end goal while feeling fully supported. We know life can get challenging and overwhelming at times, making the choice to ask for help is a powerful choice. I believe and practice in my relationships that it is a privilege and honor to be part of someone’s journey.
Hi there! My name is Jillian with My Therapy Connection. I am a Licensed Professional Counselor and a Nationally Approved Clinical Supervisor. I love the work that I do and have a true passion for helping others. It has always been my belief that when working with an individual, it is a partnership. You steer the car and I hold the map, to help guide you to your ultimate end goal while feeling fully supported. We know life can get challenging and overwhelming at times, making the choice to ask for help is a powerful choice. I believe and practice in my relationships that it is a privilege and honor to be part of someone’s journey.
(856) 672-7955 View (856) 672-7955
Photo of D. Michelle Mayfield Christian Parenting Coach, Pastoral Counselor in Vineland, NJ
D. Michelle Mayfield Christian Parenting Coach
Pastoral Counselor, ThD
Verified Verified
Vineland, NJ 08360  (Online Only)
Goal setting for parents is important for modeling the behavior and values you want for your children, as well as relationship building. Your goal setting should help you become the parent you want to be, but they should also be achievable. The goals should be focused on what you can do as a parent to support your child’s strengths and weaknesses, and empower them to be successful. …
Goal setting for parents is important for modeling the behavior and values you want for your children, as well as relationship building. Your goal setting should help you become the parent you want to be, but they should also be achievable. The goals should be focused on what you can do as a parent to support your child’s strengths and weaknesses, and empower them to be successful. …
(856) 746-6893 View (856) 746-6893
Photo of Brittany Battise, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Vineland, NJ
Brittany Battise
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Vineland, NJ 08361  (Online Only)
Do you often feel alone or perhaps sad? Do you sometimes feel like no one quite understands you or what you are going through? You are not alone! I am here to help you. The focus of Heart & Soul is to create not only a partnership but a safe space. A space that will allow you the freedom to confront any fears, conflicts, doubts, or obstacles that may deter you from finding peace and happiness. My role is to support and guide you. We will work together to identify and create new skills and goals tailored specifically to you. If you are ready to begin a new journey toward better living Heart and Soul can fulfill your needs.
Do you often feel alone or perhaps sad? Do you sometimes feel like no one quite understands you or what you are going through? You are not alone! I am here to help you. The focus of Heart & Soul is to create not only a partnership but a safe space. A space that will allow you the freedom to confront any fears, conflicts, doubts, or obstacles that may deter you from finding peace and happiness. My role is to support and guide you. We will work together to identify and create new skills and goals tailored specifically to you. If you are ready to begin a new journey toward better living Heart and Soul can fulfill your needs.
(856) 452-8462 View (856) 452-8462

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Vineland, NJ

80+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in Vineland, NJ who prioritize treating:

88% Anxiety
82% Depression
81% Coping Skills
79% Self Esteem
69% Relationship Issues
62% Stress
60% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

6 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

92% Aetna
86% Cigna and Evernorth
86% Horizon Blue Cross and Blue Shield

How Therapists in Vineland, NJ see their clients

79% In Person and Online
21% Online Only

Gender breakdown

90% Female
8% Male
2% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Vineland?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.