Therapists in Norwood, MA

Photo of Courtney Easler-The Therapy Space, LMHC10165 in Norwood, MA
Courtney Easler-The Therapy Space
LMHC10165, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Norwood, MA 02062  (Online Only)
Are you someone who is looking for help coping with anxiety, depression, or postpartum? Are you having trouble adjusting to a transition in life such as a new job or baby? Or even just feeling stuck? Life can be so difficult, and I'm here to help you manage these struggles without feeling alone.
Are you someone who is looking for help coping with anxiety, depression, or postpartum? Are you having trouble adjusting to a transition in life such as a new job or baby? Or even just feeling stuck? Life can be so difficult, and I'm here to help you manage these struggles without feeling alone.
(781) 625-9380 View (781) 625-9380
Photo of (David) Billy Klun, Counselor in Norwood, MA
(David) Billy Klun
Counselor, MA, MS, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Norwood, MA 02062
Sometimes it can be really hard to connect to people. Sometimes it feels like nobody cares or can "relate". Sometimes this means it's time to try something different with somebody different - let's see if I can be that somebody different for you. Therapy can be a challenge because it requires a lot of trust in someone that you just met, which is why it can be so important for me to make my clients feel as understood and heard as possible. When life starts to feel unbearable or when it seems like everyone is against you, sometimes that's when it might be time to try something different and reach out for help.
Sometimes it can be really hard to connect to people. Sometimes it feels like nobody cares or can "relate". Sometimes this means it's time to try something different with somebody different - let's see if I can be that somebody different for you. Therapy can be a challenge because it requires a lot of trust in someone that you just met, which is why it can be so important for me to make my clients feel as understood and heard as possible. When life starts to feel unbearable or when it seems like everyone is against you, sometimes that's when it might be time to try something different and reach out for help.
(781) 253-8170 View (781) 253-8170
Photo of Janice Nowicki, LMHC-The Therapy Space, LLC, Counselor in Norwood, MA
Janice Nowicki, LMHC-The Therapy Space, LLC
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Norwood, MA 02062  (Online Only)
I am a licensed mental health counselor and have been working with individuals and families for over 30 years in a variety of settings. I provide a safe and trusting environment to assist clients to develop problem solving skills and navigate life. I actively listen to understand and am passionate in helping individuals dealing with anxiety, depression, self-esteem, career, school, family, substance abuse, low mood, chronic illness, fatigue, pain, weight loss, grief, loss, and aging.
I am a licensed mental health counselor and have been working with individuals and families for over 30 years in a variety of settings. I provide a safe and trusting environment to assist clients to develop problem solving skills and navigate life. I actively listen to understand and am passionate in helping individuals dealing with anxiety, depression, self-esteem, career, school, family, substance abuse, low mood, chronic illness, fatigue, pain, weight loss, grief, loss, and aging.
(781) 488-7660 View (781) 488-7660
Photo of Elissa McIntosh, Pre-Licensed Professional in Norwood, MA
Elissa McIntosh
Pre-Licensed Professional, PhD
Verified Verified
Norwood, MA 02062
Dr. Elissa McIntosh is a Psychologist in Massachusetts who has been practicing since 2023. Dr. McIntosh completed her doctorate in clinical psychology at the University of Southern California. She subsequently completed a clinical internship at the VA Boston Healthcare System and a clinical neuropsychology fellowship at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine in the Medical Psychology Division. Dr. McIntosh provides neuropsychological evaluation and treatment for adults across the lifespan with varying presentations including neurodevelopmental, medical, neurological, and psychiatric conditions.
Dr. Elissa McIntosh is a Psychologist in Massachusetts who has been practicing since 2023. Dr. McIntosh completed her doctorate in clinical psychology at the University of Southern California. She subsequently completed a clinical internship at the VA Boston Healthcare System and a clinical neuropsychology fellowship at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine in the Medical Psychology Division. Dr. McIntosh provides neuropsychological evaluation and treatment for adults across the lifespan with varying presentations including neurodevelopmental, medical, neurological, and psychiatric conditions.
(781) 230-7393 View (781) 230-7393
Photo of Kenneth Martel, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Norwood, MA
Kenneth Martel
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Norwood, MA 02062  (Online Only)
Accepting new clients! I would love to hear your story and support you, whether it is a short-term challenge or a more complex situation. I bring humor and positive energy in my style of therapy. I see adults and older kids.
Accepting new clients! I would love to hear your story and support you, whether it is a short-term challenge or a more complex situation. I bring humor and positive energy in my style of therapy. I see adults and older kids.
(781) 412-1450 View (781) 412-1450
Photo of Carmen Foti, LICSW- The Therapy Space LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Norwood, MA
Carmen Foti, LICSW- The Therapy Space LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Norwood, MA 02062  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I offer support for individuals wondering how to free themselves from limiting narratives; questioning the connection between past experiences and current patterns; processing grief from loss or major life change; seeking healing from intergenerational trauma. “Your coping behaviors show you what needs witnessing, caring for, and unburdening. If we can just approach them with curiosity and compassion, we might find what is underneath it all.” (Natalie Gutiérrez, LMFT) I offer an approach that leads with compassion and curiosity and support you to hold this for yourself.
I offer support for individuals wondering how to free themselves from limiting narratives; questioning the connection between past experiences and current patterns; processing grief from loss or major life change; seeking healing from intergenerational trauma. “Your coping behaviors show you what needs witnessing, caring for, and unburdening. If we can just approach them with curiosity and compassion, we might find what is underneath it all.” (Natalie Gutiérrez, LMFT) I offer an approach that leads with compassion and curiosity and support you to hold this for yourself.
(781) 506-1776 View (781) 506-1776
Photo of Danielle (MacDonald) Morse, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Norwood, MA
Danielle (MacDonald) Morse
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Norwood, MA 02062  (Online Only)
Accepting clients for Tuesday or Friday early afternoon only. Please e-mail. Are you looking for a neutral person to lend an open ear? A box of tissues? A high-five? Or some sound advice? Therapy can provide you all of those things and lead to a transformation in your life. I have seen it first hand in my work with individuals and families. They initially feel very overwhelmed and hopeless. Once we establish a relationship, push through the resistance to change and the "hard stuff"; new chapters quickly start to write themselves. This is the most rewarding part of my career, helping others see their true potential.
Accepting clients for Tuesday or Friday early afternoon only. Please e-mail. Are you looking for a neutral person to lend an open ear? A box of tissues? A high-five? Or some sound advice? Therapy can provide you all of those things and lead to a transformation in your life. I have seen it first hand in my work with individuals and families. They initially feel very overwhelmed and hopeless. Once we establish a relationship, push through the resistance to change and the "hard stuff"; new chapters quickly start to write themselves. This is the most rewarding part of my career, helping others see their true potential.
(781) 336-4642 View (781) 336-4642
Photo of Amanda Springer, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Norwood, MA
Amanda Springer
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Norwood, MA 02062
Amanda earned her master’s degree in Clinical Social Work with a certificate in Trauma from Simmons University in Boston, MA. Amanda has worked with adults (18+) in various stages of treatment including inpatient, residential, day treatment, and outpatient therapy which helps to diversify her understanding of human experience and how to meet people where they are at. Amanda has a background in working with individuals suffering from severe mental illness as well as substance use challenges where she has used a harm reduction lens to avoid relapse in symptoms / behaviors.
Amanda earned her master’s degree in Clinical Social Work with a certificate in Trauma from Simmons University in Boston, MA. Amanda has worked with adults (18+) in various stages of treatment including inpatient, residential, day treatment, and outpatient therapy which helps to diversify her understanding of human experience and how to meet people where they are at. Amanda has a background in working with individuals suffering from severe mental illness as well as substance use challenges where she has used a harm reduction lens to avoid relapse in symptoms / behaviors.
(781) 917-3477 View (781) 917-3477
Photo of Kelly Williams, Counselor in Norwood, MA
Kelly Williams
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Norwood, MA 02062
Not accepting new clients
*Please note I am not accepting new clients at this time.* My approach to therapy is a collaborative style that is tailored to your unique needs. I bring compassion, patience, and humor to the process as we explore what may be interfering with your goals. I feel privileged to hear life's stories and to help you navigate and make sense of them. Together, let's build on your strengths so you can be empowered to be your best self.
*Please note I am not accepting new clients at this time.* My approach to therapy is a collaborative style that is tailored to your unique needs. I bring compassion, patience, and humor to the process as we explore what may be interfering with your goals. I feel privileged to hear life's stories and to help you navigate and make sense of them. Together, let's build on your strengths so you can be empowered to be your best self.
(781) 570-5180 View (781) 570-5180
Photo of Rachel Seed, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Norwood, MA
Rachel Seed
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Norwood, MA 02062
Not accepting new clients
It can be overwhelming to navigate the path to wellness and the process of change alone. I would love to help you on your journey to challenge old patterns that may have you feeling stuck, explore new ways to problem-solve, and enhance your connections to yourself and others. I am passionate about creating a collaborative and non-judgmental space where we can work together to implement change consistent with your values and goals.
It can be overwhelming to navigate the path to wellness and the process of change alone. I would love to help you on your journey to challenge old patterns that may have you feeling stuck, explore new ways to problem-solve, and enhance your connections to yourself and others. I am passionate about creating a collaborative and non-judgmental space where we can work together to implement change consistent with your values and goals.
(781) 563-5722 View (781) 563-5722
Photo of Whitney Cunningham, Counselor in Norwood, MA
Whitney Cunningham
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Norwood, MA 02062
Not accepting new clients
Are you looking for a listener, a cheerleader, a coach, a teacher or a helper? This is my approach in counseling. Giving you what you need, when you need it. I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor who has worked for over eleven years with children, teenagers, families and adults. I have supported people through individual and family therapy, co-parenting sessions and couples counseling. I understand the challenges of day to day stressors and how this affects a person's emotional and physical health. My goal is to help you embrace life and all its potential.
Are you looking for a listener, a cheerleader, a coach, a teacher or a helper? This is my approach in counseling. Giving you what you need, when you need it. I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor who has worked for over eleven years with children, teenagers, families and adults. I have supported people through individual and family therapy, co-parenting sessions and couples counseling. I understand the challenges of day to day stressors and how this affects a person's emotional and physical health. My goal is to help you embrace life and all its potential.
(781) 780-6956 View (781) 780-6956
Photo of Marc A. Pizzuto, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Norwood, MA
Marc A. Pizzuto
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Norwood, MA 02062  (Online Only)
NOTE: DUE TO COVID 19, ALL SERVICES ARE THROUGH TELEHEALTH. Life can be an emotional rollercoaster at times. Seeking the support of a clinician can be the first step in achieving freedom from troubling feelings or conflict. Engaging in a therapeutic relationship with the right clinician can create opportunity to gain insight and perspective to stay on track with identifying and pursuing your goals. There are many reasons why one seeks out counseling. Some issues may revolve around relationships, family, raising children, difficulty at work, school, substance use or any issue which causes one distress.
NOTE: DUE TO COVID 19, ALL SERVICES ARE THROUGH TELEHEALTH. Life can be an emotional rollercoaster at times. Seeking the support of a clinician can be the first step in achieving freedom from troubling feelings or conflict. Engaging in a therapeutic relationship with the right clinician can create opportunity to gain insight and perspective to stay on track with identifying and pursuing your goals. There are many reasons why one seeks out counseling. Some issues may revolve around relationships, family, raising children, difficulty at work, school, substance use or any issue which causes one distress.
(781) 417-5228 View (781) 417-5228
Photo of Keena N. Allen, Psychologist in Norwood, MA
Keena N. Allen
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Norwood, MA 02062
I am a licensed clinical psychologist and owner of Allied Behavioral Healthcare, a group psychology practice offering evidenced based treatment for children, adolescents and adults. Through training in hospitals, school settings and outpatient behavioral health clinics, I have worked extensively with adults and children with complex presentations related to early attachment, familial and relational trauma, anxiety, depression, relationship issues and separation anxiety, ADHD and executive dysfunction, social anxiety, mood disorders, grief and loss, chronic illness and adjustment issues involving some of life's hardest circumstances.
I am a licensed clinical psychologist and owner of Allied Behavioral Healthcare, a group psychology practice offering evidenced based treatment for children, adolescents and adults. Through training in hospitals, school settings and outpatient behavioral health clinics, I have worked extensively with adults and children with complex presentations related to early attachment, familial and relational trauma, anxiety, depression, relationship issues and separation anxiety, ADHD and executive dysfunction, social anxiety, mood disorders, grief and loss, chronic illness and adjustment issues involving some of life's hardest circumstances.
(781) 702-3295 View (781) 702-3295
Photo of Mary C Tarvin, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Norwood, MA
Mary C Tarvin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Norwood, MA 02062
Not accepting new clients
Are you struggling, with life's challenges: Balancing personal and work life, feeling trapped in an unsatisfying career, or feeling tired, sad, or constantly worried? Are you concerned about a loved one with a mental illness who won't seek treatment, a spouse who is drinking too much, an aging parent, or an adult child struggling to find a job or live independently? As a clinical social worker and psychotherapist with 15 years' experience on both psychiatric inpatient as well as outpatient settings, I bring unique abilities to these as well as other interpersonal, life, and emotional issues.
Are you struggling, with life's challenges: Balancing personal and work life, feeling trapped in an unsatisfying career, or feeling tired, sad, or constantly worried? Are you concerned about a loved one with a mental illness who won't seek treatment, a spouse who is drinking too much, an aging parent, or an adult child struggling to find a job or live independently? As a clinical social worker and psychotherapist with 15 years' experience on both psychiatric inpatient as well as outpatient settings, I bring unique abilities to these as well as other interpersonal, life, and emotional issues.
(781) 519-0658 View (781) 519-0658
Photo of Deborah Chamberlain, Counselor in Norwood, MA
Deborah Chamberlain
Counselor, MS, MA, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Norwood, MA 02062  (Online Only)
My work is guided by a belief that clients need to feel safe enough to explore why they "feel" the way they do,and to help them develop a positive self-regard. As they say, "We can't heal what we can't see." My role in the context of the therapeutic relationship is to help clients "see".
My work is guided by a belief that clients need to feel safe enough to explore why they "feel" the way they do,and to help them develop a positive self-regard. As they say, "We can't heal what we can't see." My role in the context of the therapeutic relationship is to help clients "see".
(617) 209-3050 View (617) 209-3050
Photo of Amanda Murray- The Therapy Space LLC in Norwood, MA
Amanda Murray- The Therapy Space LLC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Norwood, MA 02062  (Online Only)
I believe that therapy is a collaborative process and hope to provide care in a setting that feels safe, supportive, and non-judgmental as you explore your story, emotions, and behaviors. I hope to meet you where you are and build a therapeutic alliance based on mutual trust and respect in order to help you feel confident and empowered in your journey toward healing, growth and change. Some of my clinical interests include mood and anxiety disorders, adjustment, trauma and women’s mental health, and working with pregnant and postpartum women.
I believe that therapy is a collaborative process and hope to provide care in a setting that feels safe, supportive, and non-judgmental as you explore your story, emotions, and behaviors. I hope to meet you where you are and build a therapeutic alliance based on mutual trust and respect in order to help you feel confident and empowered in your journey toward healing, growth and change. Some of my clinical interests include mood and anxiety disorders, adjustment, trauma and women’s mental health, and working with pregnant and postpartum women.
(781) 546-5746 View (781) 546-5746
Photo of Maddy Morrin - The Therapy Space Llc, Counselor in Norwood, MA
Maddy Morrin - The Therapy Space Llc
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Norwood, MA 02062  (Online Only)
I am passionate about cultural competence in mental health treatment, and strive to create safe spaces for members of the BIPOC and LGBTQ community to process the trauma of racism, sexism, homophobia, and transphobia. Let's work together to identify emotions, break destructive patterns, and refine communication. I'm honored to see couples through rough patches and families through transition. I also specialize in working with adolescents.
I am passionate about cultural competence in mental health treatment, and strive to create safe spaces for members of the BIPOC and LGBTQ community to process the trauma of racism, sexism, homophobia, and transphobia. Let's work together to identify emotions, break destructive patterns, and refine communication. I'm honored to see couples through rough patches and families through transition. I also specialize in working with adolescents.
(781) 536-7216 View (781) 536-7216
Photo of Alan S Jacobson, Psychologist in Norwood, MA
Alan S Jacobson
Psychologist, PsyD, MBA
Verified Verified
Norwood, MA 02062
I am a Licensed Clinical Psychologist who has been treating adolescents, adults, couples, and families for over 20 years. I am trained in a wide variety of techniques that are designed to produce measurable and meaningful results. I also work with families and couples to help improve or repair relationships. My approach is positive, empathic, and solution-focused. Therapy results should not be a mystery - it should be clear that it works as you feel better, reach goals, and set new ones.
I am a Licensed Clinical Psychologist who has been treating adolescents, adults, couples, and families for over 20 years. I am trained in a wide variety of techniques that are designed to produce measurable and meaningful results. I also work with families and couples to help improve or repair relationships. My approach is positive, empathic, and solution-focused. Therapy results should not be a mystery - it should be clear that it works as you feel better, reach goals, and set new ones.
(617) 767-0148 View (617) 767-0148
Photo of Rick A Gershberg, Psychologist in Norwood, MA
Rick A Gershberg
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Norwood, MA 02062
Not accepting new clients
My approach to helping people is to begin by treating each person with dignity and respect. I believe myself to be warm, engaging and compassionate; easy to identify with and talk to. I make every effort to establish a sincere relationship within the boundaries and context of the therapy. I believe every individual is unique and I accept their thoughts, feelings and experiences, as such. I employ a variety of therapeutic perspectives and techniques to work collaboratively with my clients to identify their needs and goals, and to construct a therapeutic experience specific to them as an individual.
My approach to helping people is to begin by treating each person with dignity and respect. I believe myself to be warm, engaging and compassionate; easy to identify with and talk to. I make every effort to establish a sincere relationship within the boundaries and context of the therapy. I believe every individual is unique and I accept their thoughts, feelings and experiences, as such. I employ a variety of therapeutic perspectives and techniques to work collaboratively with my clients to identify their needs and goals, and to construct a therapeutic experience specific to them as an individual.
(781) 336-4546 View (781) 336-4546
Photo of Jennifer Hersey, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Norwood, MA
Jennifer Hersey
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Norwood, MA 02062  (Online Only)
I am an independent licensed clinical social worker with over 10 years of experience working with children, adolescents, college students, and adults. I specialize in treating anxiety, autism, relationship issues, depression, life transitions, and behavioral patterns that may be holding one back from experiencing a life they desire. I use evidence-based methods of treatment. By establishing a collaborative relationship, I help individuals learn how to self-regulate, self-advocate, build relationships, confidence, and problem solve. I also provide parent coaching to help parents learn how to best support their child's unique needs.
I am an independent licensed clinical social worker with over 10 years of experience working with children, adolescents, college students, and adults. I specialize in treating anxiety, autism, relationship issues, depression, life transitions, and behavioral patterns that may be holding one back from experiencing a life they desire. I use evidence-based methods of treatment. By establishing a collaborative relationship, I help individuals learn how to self-regulate, self-advocate, build relationships, confidence, and problem solve. I also provide parent coaching to help parents learn how to best support their child's unique needs.
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How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Norwood, MA

100+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Norwood, MA who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
94% Depression
77% Self Esteem
74% Relationship Issues
74% Coping Skills
65% Trauma and PTSD
60% Grief

Average years in practice

15 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

96% BlueCross and BlueShield
66% Optum
64% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Norwood, MA see their clients

56% In Person and Online
44% Online Only

Gender breakdown

78% Female
21% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Norwood?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.