Photo of Lilit Ayrapetyan, Psychologist in 91101, CA
Lilit Ayrapetyan
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Pasadena, CA 91101  (Online Only)
I am here to help you achieve positive change towards an extraordinary life. One that is filled with connection, success, happiness, and health. My passion for empowering mothers comes from a deeply personal place. I have navigated the complicated transition into motherhood as an ambitious entrepreneur and often felt the overwhelm and frustration you may be experiencing right now. I see you, busy mama. You know you were made for more. It is possible to rewrite the stories that are holding you back and feel whole again. I would be honored to help you sort through feelings of burnout and step into confidence in all of your roles.
I am here to help you achieve positive change towards an extraordinary life. One that is filled with connection, success, happiness, and health. My passion for empowering mothers comes from a deeply personal place. I have navigated the complicated transition into motherhood as an ambitious entrepreneur and often felt the overwhelm and frustration you may be experiencing right now. I see you, busy mama. You know you were made for more. It is possible to rewrite the stories that are holding you back and feel whole again. I would be honored to help you sort through feelings of burnout and step into confidence in all of your roles.
(310) 668-1257 View (310) 668-1257
Photo of Sayun Scotton | Holistic Psychotherapy, Marriage & Family Therapist in 91101, CA
Sayun Scotton | Holistic Psychotherapy
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Pasadena, CA 91101  (Online Only)
The capacity for healing resides in everyone. Therapy is about unhooking from self-limiting adaptive patterns, while cultivating self-acceptance and reconnecting with essential wise parts of yourself. I work with men and women using a depth-oriented, body-mind approach to explore the complexity of identity and relationships. My aim is to help you understand from an embodied perspective the deeper dynamics of your struggle, strengthen the parts inside of you that can move beyond it and engage in life with a greater sense of meaning, strength, and self-compassion.
The capacity for healing resides in everyone. Therapy is about unhooking from self-limiting adaptive patterns, while cultivating self-acceptance and reconnecting with essential wise parts of yourself. I work with men and women using a depth-oriented, body-mind approach to explore the complexity of identity and relationships. My aim is to help you understand from an embodied perspective the deeper dynamics of your struggle, strengthen the parts inside of you that can move beyond it and engage in life with a greater sense of meaning, strength, and self-compassion.
(323) 741-2281 View (323) 741-2281
Photo of Abigail A Wambaugh, Marriage & Family Therapist in 91101, CA
Abigail A Wambaugh
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Pasadena, CA 91101
The process of finding a therapist can often be a daunting first step, and it can be difficult to know who to trust and who can help. A good fit with a therapist includes a feeling of safety and a belief that your therapist has the ability to help you. Clients who find themselves at home in my practice are people who experience chronic depression or anxiety, individuals with a history of family wounding, individuals with relationship or identity issues, couples with difficulty resolving arguments, teens in crisis, and those feeling stuck or in transition.
The process of finding a therapist can often be a daunting first step, and it can be difficult to know who to trust and who can help. A good fit with a therapist includes a feeling of safety and a belief that your therapist has the ability to help you. Clients who find themselves at home in my practice are people who experience chronic depression or anxiety, individuals with a history of family wounding, individuals with relationship or identity issues, couples with difficulty resolving arguments, teens in crisis, and those feeling stuck or in transition.
(323) 825-6962 View (323) 825-6962
Photo of Relate Therapy Center, Psychologist in 91101, CA
Relate Therapy Center
Psychologist
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Pasadena, CA 91101
The therapists at Relate Therapy Center specialize in relationships. If you are struggling in your marriage, with your kids, with your significant other, with your friends, or if you're struggling with maintaining relationships at all, we are here to help. Oftentimes, the relationship struggles that people face can lead to significant distress--depression, anxiety, hopelessness, anger, addiction, and more. If you are experiencing these, or other kinds of struggles, know that you don't have to face them alone. We are here to help!
The therapists at Relate Therapy Center specialize in relationships. If you are struggling in your marriage, with your kids, with your significant other, with your friends, or if you're struggling with maintaining relationships at all, we are here to help. Oftentimes, the relationship struggles that people face can lead to significant distress--depression, anxiety, hopelessness, anger, addiction, and more. If you are experiencing these, or other kinds of struggles, know that you don't have to face them alone. We are here to help!
(626) 727-7037 View (626) 727-7037
Photo of Rose Woo, Psychologist in 91101, CA
Rose Woo
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Pasadena, CA 91101  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
As a clinical psychologist in practice for 20+ years, I am interested in the journey of life - who you are and want to be, what you've done and hope to do, and where you've been and want to go. Threshold moments when we move from one phase of life into another and key decisions have to be made (e.g., entering/exiting school, a job, or a relationship) can bring self-doubt, confusion, anxiety and depression. Everything feels important and nothing makes sense. When a fork in the road or a roadblock makes you loose your way or your dreams, therapy can help restore hope and find a new path to follow.
As a clinical psychologist in practice for 20+ years, I am interested in the journey of life - who you are and want to be, what you've done and hope to do, and where you've been and want to go. Threshold moments when we move from one phase of life into another and key decisions have to be made (e.g., entering/exiting school, a job, or a relationship) can bring self-doubt, confusion, anxiety and depression. Everything feels important and nothing makes sense. When a fork in the road or a roadblock makes you loose your way or your dreams, therapy can help restore hope and find a new path to follow.
(626) 427-3504 View (626) 427-3504
Photo of Alice Elizabeth Kevork, Marriage & Family Therapist in 91101, CA
Alice Elizabeth Kevork
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA
Verified Verified
Pasadena, CA 91101  (Online Only)
Is life too much to handle and it's triggering anger? Sometimes it feels that way... Would you like to reach the goals you once set? Are you ready to know more about yourself and do thing and solve problems like you once did but somehow it feels overwhelming now? Are you ready to thrive? You are in the right place. Call the number above for a free phone consultation.
Is life too much to handle and it's triggering anger? Sometimes it feels that way... Would you like to reach the goals you once set? Are you ready to know more about yourself and do thing and solve problems like you once did but somehow it feels overwhelming now? Are you ready to thrive? You are in the right place. Call the number above for a free phone consultation.
(818) 724-9924 View (818) 724-9924
Photo of Laurel Salmon, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 91101, CA
Laurel Salmon
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
Pasadena, CA 91101
Experiencing anxiety, depression, and trauma can be hard to navigate on one’s own. Through the use of integrative modalities, my goal is to help you find your way so that you can manage symptoms, feel your best, discover who you truly are, and move forward in the direction of your dreams whereby your past no longer holds you back. Using warmth and compassion, I also aim to provide trauma-informed care to discuss your struggles without judgment and safely process unresolved trauma and feelings.
Experiencing anxiety, depression, and trauma can be hard to navigate on one’s own. Through the use of integrative modalities, my goal is to help you find your way so that you can manage symptoms, feel your best, discover who you truly are, and move forward in the direction of your dreams whereby your past no longer holds you back. Using warmth and compassion, I also aim to provide trauma-informed care to discuss your struggles without judgment and safely process unresolved trauma and feelings.
(626) 606-2788 View (626) 606-2788
Photo of Cara Frierson-O'Donnell, Marriage & Family Therapist in 91101, CA
Cara Frierson-O'Donnell
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Pasadena, CA 91101
Are you facing change? Maybe considering making changes but, feel too overwhelmed? Life changes, even those typically seen as "good", have the potential to evoke anxiety, fear, or depression. As we grow up we internalize messages from those around us and our experiences. Discovering and challenging those messages can help one learn to manage and tolerate their emotions. Together we can explore what messages are getting in your way. We can discover what is right for you and how you want to rewrite them.
Are you facing change? Maybe considering making changes but, feel too overwhelmed? Life changes, even those typically seen as "good", have the potential to evoke anxiety, fear, or depression. As we grow up we internalize messages from those around us and our experiences. Discovering and challenging those messages can help one learn to manage and tolerate their emotions. Together we can explore what messages are getting in your way. We can discover what is right for you and how you want to rewrite them.
(818) 986-3358 View (818) 986-3358
Photo of Dr. Young Ok Kim, Psychologist in 91101, CA
Dr. Young Ok Kim
Psychologist, PsyD, MDiv
Verified Verified
Pasadena, CA 91101
Waitlist for new clients
Dr. Young Ok Kim enjoys helping those facing diverse challenges such as: anxiety and depression, trauma (including growing up in an abusive family), self-esteem, attachment issues, struggles with loss and grief, relationship and family conflict, and spiritual struggles related to mental health. Particularly, she has a special heart for 1.5 and 2nd generation Asians and their parents who face difficulties related to the unique generational differences stemming from language and cultural barriers. She provides therapy in both English and Korean and she is licensed in California and Illinois.
Dr. Young Ok Kim enjoys helping those facing diverse challenges such as: anxiety and depression, trauma (including growing up in an abusive family), self-esteem, attachment issues, struggles with loss and grief, relationship and family conflict, and spiritual struggles related to mental health. Particularly, she has a special heart for 1.5 and 2nd generation Asians and their parents who face difficulties related to the unique generational differences stemming from language and cultural barriers. She provides therapy in both English and Korean and she is licensed in California and Illinois.
(331) 256-2648 View (331) 256-2648
Photo of Cassandra Meza Carrillo, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 91101, CA
Cassandra Meza Carrillo
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Pasadena, CA 91101  (Online Only)
Do you need a safe place to vent and grow? Is life feeling overwhelming? Do you struggle with depression or/and anxiety? Is there unresolved trauma or grief that is getting in the way of your daily life? I work with clients of all walks of life, different backgrounds, ages and experiences who are ready to create a life worth living. Through therapy, I help facilitate the work of processing and healing underlying issues in your life. Together we can develop a strong foundation that can lead to long term progress and change.
Do you need a safe place to vent and grow? Is life feeling overwhelming? Do you struggle with depression or/and anxiety? Is there unresolved trauma or grief that is getting in the way of your daily life? I work with clients of all walks of life, different backgrounds, ages and experiences who are ready to create a life worth living. Through therapy, I help facilitate the work of processing and healing underlying issues in your life. Together we can develop a strong foundation that can lead to long term progress and change.
(626) 316-6876 View (626) 316-6876
Photo of Rachel Ward, Marriage & Family Therapist in 91101, CA
Rachel Ward
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, ATR
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Pasadena, CA 91101
We all want to be understood and feel like we are making progress towards our life goals. My approach is comforting, humorous, humble, creative and lovingly direct. Everyone needs connection and in my experience the benefits of connecting and being seen by someone in therapy are many. Are you interested in working on an issue related to a relationship, major life change, depression and/or anxiety? Visit my website www.rachelwardlmft.com or call at 626-327-3456 for a free 25 minute consultation to see if we are a good fit. Making sure we connect is very important.
We all want to be understood and feel like we are making progress towards our life goals. My approach is comforting, humorous, humble, creative and lovingly direct. Everyone needs connection and in my experience the benefits of connecting and being seen by someone in therapy are many. Are you interested in working on an issue related to a relationship, major life change, depression and/or anxiety? Visit my website www.rachelwardlmft.com or call at 626-327-3456 for a free 25 minute consultation to see if we are a good fit. Making sure we connect is very important.
(626) 264-8724 x626327 View (626) 264-8724 x626327
Photo of Annie Fuller, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 91101, CA
Annie Fuller
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Pasadena, CA 91101
By seeking support, you are taking one of the most important steps in your journey towards healing. I am an LCSW with over six years of experience providing individual and family psychotherapy to adults, adolescents and children. My aim with each and every client is to create a supportive space for growth and healing. My commitment to you is that our therapeutic relationship will be an authentic one. Together, you and I will pursue, through empathy and honest collaboration, a deep understanding your true self.
By seeking support, you are taking one of the most important steps in your journey towards healing. I am an LCSW with over six years of experience providing individual and family psychotherapy to adults, adolescents and children. My aim with each and every client is to create a supportive space for growth and healing. My commitment to you is that our therapeutic relationship will be an authentic one. Together, you and I will pursue, through empathy and honest collaboration, a deep understanding your true self.
(626) 382-7980 View (626) 382-7980
Photo of Moet Monroe, Marriage & Family Therapist in 91101, CA
Moet Monroe
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
Pasadena, CA 91101
Not accepting new clients
Moet accompanies clients on a journey to unearth and gain mastery over unhelpful patterns in order to live lives of authenticity, meaning, joy, and connection in a non-judgmental way. With clients, she focuses on helping them explore their thoughts and beliefs about themselves and the world so they can make better choices that align with their values. Moet believes everyone has something unique to offer and therapy can help them discover their authentic self while also building on strengths to create healthy boundaries and relationships.
Moet accompanies clients on a journey to unearth and gain mastery over unhelpful patterns in order to live lives of authenticity, meaning, joy, and connection in a non-judgmental way. With clients, she focuses on helping them explore their thoughts and beliefs about themselves and the world so they can make better choices that align with their values. Moet believes everyone has something unique to offer and therapy can help them discover their authentic self while also building on strengths to create healthy boundaries and relationships.
(626) 240-5451 View (626) 240-5451
Photo of Joanna McNeil, Marriage & Family Therapist in 91101, CA
Joanna McNeil
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Pasadena, CA 91101
Do you want someone to hear your story? Have you been in pain for a while and now feel like it's time to get some help? Are you and your partner going through a hard time that you can't seem to get out of alone? Is your child struggling, and you just don't know how to reach him/her? I want to understand what you've been through and what you're going through. I want to help you make meaning of that story. Together, we'll find ways to help you live the life you want.
Do you want someone to hear your story? Have you been in pain for a while and now feel like it's time to get some help? Are you and your partner going through a hard time that you can't seem to get out of alone? Is your child struggling, and you just don't know how to reach him/her? I want to understand what you've been through and what you're going through. I want to help you make meaning of that story. Together, we'll find ways to help you live the life you want.
(626) 427-6513 View (626) 427-6513
Photo of Audrey Hu, Associate Clinical Social Worker in 91101, CA
Audrey Hu
Associate Clinical Social Worker, ASW
Verified Verified
Pasadena, CA 91101
We all feel lost from time to time, but there’s always light at the end of the tunnel. I’ve been through my own therapy as a young adult when I was stuck in a bout of anxiety and panic attacks due to childhood trauma. Throughout my years of working with traumatized individuals, I learned first-hand about how childhood trauma can have a strong impact on adulthood. I can help you address unresolved trauma, in order for you to find passion, connection, and purpose in your life.
We all feel lost from time to time, but there’s always light at the end of the tunnel. I’ve been through my own therapy as a young adult when I was stuck in a bout of anxiety and panic attacks due to childhood trauma. Throughout my years of working with traumatized individuals, I learned first-hand about how childhood trauma can have a strong impact on adulthood. I can help you address unresolved trauma, in order for you to find passion, connection, and purpose in your life.
(626) 316-6712 View (626) 316-6712
Photo of Edward Spangler, Marriage & Family Therapist in 91101, CA
Edward Spangler
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Pasadena, CA 91101  (Online Only)
As a solution-focused therapist, my goal is to help you uncover your true potential and lead a life that is worth celebrating. While we can't change difficult situations of the past, we can work together to better understand and resolve challenges in your life. By applying complementary therapy approaches and techniques, we will unearth long-standing behavior patterns or negative perceptions that may be holding you back from experiencing a more fulfilling and meaningful life. I look forward to working with you to achieve your goals.
As a solution-focused therapist, my goal is to help you uncover your true potential and lead a life that is worth celebrating. While we can't change difficult situations of the past, we can work together to better understand and resolve challenges in your life. By applying complementary therapy approaches and techniques, we will unearth long-standing behavior patterns or negative perceptions that may be holding you back from experiencing a more fulfilling and meaningful life. I look forward to working with you to achieve your goals.
(818) 924-5655 View (818) 924-5655
Photo of Mitra Karimi-Taleghani, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 91101, CA
Mitra Karimi-Taleghani
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CYT
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Pasadena, CA 91101  (Online Only)
As a multiethnic, multicultural woman of color, child of an immigrant, and trauma-informed associate clinical social worker with a background in gender studies, I approach my work with an intersectional lens. I consider the whole human being as well as the various systems they are part of and the effect these systems have on a person’s life. It is important to me that I am mindful of how my client perceives the world and how the world perceives them. As a trauma-informed yoga instructor, I also consider how emotions can show up somatically.
As a multiethnic, multicultural woman of color, child of an immigrant, and trauma-informed associate clinical social worker with a background in gender studies, I approach my work with an intersectional lens. I consider the whole human being as well as the various systems they are part of and the effect these systems have on a person’s life. It is important to me that I am mindful of how my client perceives the world and how the world perceives them. As a trauma-informed yoga instructor, I also consider how emotions can show up somatically.
(626) 316-6708 View (626) 316-6708
Photo of Pouyan Rasi, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 91101, CA
Pouyan Rasi
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Pasadena, CA 91101
Currently accepting New Patients. Somatically Informed treatment-Emotion acceptance and regulation. Life can become difficult at times. We need support and we need help navigating through the storms. If you have struggled with anxiety, depression, feel like you're stuck in a rut and want to change from unhelpful patterns of thinking or behavior, you have come to the right place. Perceptions become facts in our minds because we become hard wired due to our experiences; but because of that we can also rewire our minds which is where the hope comes in. Change can happen for you and it is never too late to start again.
Currently accepting New Patients. Somatically Informed treatment-Emotion acceptance and regulation. Life can become difficult at times. We need support and we need help navigating through the storms. If you have struggled with anxiety, depression, feel like you're stuck in a rut and want to change from unhelpful patterns of thinking or behavior, you have come to the right place. Perceptions become facts in our minds because we become hard wired due to our experiences; but because of that we can also rewire our minds which is where the hope comes in. Change can happen for you and it is never too late to start again.
(626) 628-1645 View (626) 628-1645
Photo of Danielle Palomares, Associate Marriage & Family Therapist in 91101, CA
Danielle Palomares
Associate Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, AMFT
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Pasadena, CA 91101
Are you feeling unseen or unheard in your relationships? Do you often find yourself trapped in an internal tug-of-war with conflicting internal voices or parts? Do you often feel like the black sheep of your family or "the problem"? These experiences can be deeply isolating and spark feelings of hopelessness. If you're currently grappling with the overwhelming impact of trauma, shame, conflict, stress, or pain without a supportive ally by your side, I would be honored to accompany you, your partner/s, family, and children on this transformative journey toward healing and growth.
Are you feeling unseen or unheard in your relationships? Do you often find yourself trapped in an internal tug-of-war with conflicting internal voices or parts? Do you often feel like the black sheep of your family or "the problem"? These experiences can be deeply isolating and spark feelings of hopelessness. If you're currently grappling with the overwhelming impact of trauma, shame, conflict, stress, or pain without a supportive ally by your side, I would be honored to accompany you, your partner/s, family, and children on this transformative journey toward healing and growth.
(323) 524-2966 View (323) 524-2966
Photo of Hillary Mastrosimone, Marriage & Family Therapist in 91101, CA
Hillary Mastrosimone
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Pasadena, CA 91101
Struggling with life transitions, relationships, self-esteem, loneliness, worries, and sadness doesn't make you crazy, it makes you normal. My gentle, yet direct approach supports insight into those thoughts and feelings in an effort to walk alongside you as you decide where you want to go. For more information, please feel free to take a look at my website at www.parallelwellness.org.
Struggling with life transitions, relationships, self-esteem, loneliness, worries, and sadness doesn't make you crazy, it makes you normal. My gentle, yet direct approach supports insight into those thoughts and feelings in an effort to walk alongside you as you decide where you want to go. For more information, please feel free to take a look at my website at www.parallelwellness.org.
(626) 587-2827 View (626) 587-2827

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 91101

800+

Average cost per session

$180

Therapists in 91101 who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
89% Depression
81% Relationship Issues
74% Self Esteem
71% Trauma and PTSD
66% Grief
64% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

58% Aetna
53% Cigna and Evernorth
50% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 91101 see their clients

72% In Person and Online
28% Online Only

Gender breakdown

75% Female
24% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 91101?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.