Therapists in 08108

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Photo of Danielle Almquist, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 08108, NJ
Danielle Almquist
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CCTP, EMDRt
Verified
Welcome! This journey of life is full of challenges and no one needs to walk it alone. However you found your way here, if you are seeking healing from trauma, dysfunctional family patterns, relationships, life experiences, or everyday functioning and want something better for your life, let's work together to find you relief.
Welcome! This journey of life is full of challenges and no one needs to walk it alone. However you found your way here, if you are seeking healing from trauma, dysfunctional family patterns, relationships, life experiences, or everyday functioning and want something better for your life, let's work together to find you relief.
(609) 293-5580 View (609) 293-5580
Photo of Jill Goldner, Licensed Professional Counselor in 08108, NJ
Jill Goldner
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, NCC
Verified
Collingswood, NJ 08108  (Online Only)
Current immediate availability! I am a solution focused, inclusive and nonjudgmental therapist. My goal is to help you feel better by focusing on you as an individual and your own specific needs. Collaborating with my clients helps to identify problems, build skills and focus on your personal goals of care. I focus on self care and self compassion and am here to support and guide you to the best version of yourself. I have a passion for working with family building (infertility, pregnancy and parenting), chronic illness, and young adults.
Current immediate availability! I am a solution focused, inclusive and nonjudgmental therapist. My goal is to help you feel better by focusing on you as an individual and your own specific needs. Collaborating with my clients helps to identify problems, build skills and focus on your personal goals of care. I focus on self care and self compassion and am here to support and guide you to the best version of yourself. I have a passion for working with family building (infertility, pregnancy and parenting), chronic illness, and young adults.
(856) 259-1431 View (856) 259-1431
Photo of Allyson Graves, Licensed Professional Counselor in 08108, NJ
Allyson Graves
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, `ATR-BC
Verified
Collingswood, NJ 08108  (Online Only)
Hi there, I'm Allyson! I know that seeking therapy can be challenging, and finding a good fit is so important. I might be a good fit for you if you’d prefer a therapist who is more authentic and open, creative, and willing to sit through the discomfort. Whether you are dealing with an acute issue or you are looking to have a more long-term therapist to help with the difficulties that life brings, I can offer a warm and safe space for you to process whatever comes up. I believe connection and feeling safe are the cornerstones of well-being, and with them we can move closer to our authentic selves and handle difficult situations.
Hi there, I'm Allyson! I know that seeking therapy can be challenging, and finding a good fit is so important. I might be a good fit for you if you’d prefer a therapist who is more authentic and open, creative, and willing to sit through the discomfort. Whether you are dealing with an acute issue or you are looking to have a more long-term therapist to help with the difficulties that life brings, I can offer a warm and safe space for you to process whatever comes up. I believe connection and feeling safe are the cornerstones of well-being, and with them we can move closer to our authentic selves and handle difficult situations.
(856) 595-4216 View (856) 595-4216
Photo of Maggie Lancioni Lpc, Licensed Professional Counselor in 08108, NJ
Maggie Lancioni Lpc
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Collingswood, NJ 08108
*ACCEPTING NEW CLIENTS* Sometimes our thoughts and emotions can feel really overwhelming. It can be really difficult to sort through it all. My hope is to be a safe space for you to grow, learn, and heal. I specialize in women's health. I am trained by Postpartum Support International on Perinatal Mood & Anxiety disorders. If you are experiencing struggles with pregnancy/postpartum, have a history of birth trauma, anxiety, low self-esteem, low mood, chronic worry, a history of challenging experiences,I would be honored to help you navigate through it.
*ACCEPTING NEW CLIENTS* Sometimes our thoughts and emotions can feel really overwhelming. It can be really difficult to sort through it all. My hope is to be a safe space for you to grow, learn, and heal. I specialize in women's health. I am trained by Postpartum Support International on Perinatal Mood & Anxiety disorders. If you are experiencing struggles with pregnancy/postpartum, have a history of birth trauma, anxiety, low self-esteem, low mood, chronic worry, a history of challenging experiences,I would be honored to help you navigate through it.
(856) 249-3500 View (856) 249-3500
Photo of Joanne McMillan Toback, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 08108, NJ
Joanne McMillan Toback
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LSW
Verified
Joanne helps her clients to identify and prioritize their own needs, using a "team approach", with the goal of leading them to view all options from different perspectives, enabling them to make decisions that are otherwise difficult or that seem insurmountable. She is strongly supportive of the needs of those who are stressed by their role as caregivers, and is also skilled in helping those with depression, anxieties, grief in its many forms, relationship difficulties, and mindfulness (including self-care).
Joanne helps her clients to identify and prioritize their own needs, using a "team approach", with the goal of leading them to view all options from different perspectives, enabling them to make decisions that are otherwise difficult or that seem insurmountable. She is strongly supportive of the needs of those who are stressed by their role as caregivers, and is also skilled in helping those with depression, anxieties, grief in its many forms, relationship difficulties, and mindfulness (including self-care).
(609) 913-2880 View (609) 913-2880
Photo of Brooke Deschenes, Licensed Professional Counselor in 08108, NJ
Brooke Deschenes
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified
Haddon Township, NJ 08108  (Online Only)
Brooke is a Licensed Professional Counselor in New Jersey and has been working in the field of mental health and addiction for over 7 years. Brooke obtained her Bachelor of Arts in Psychology and Master of Science in Clinical Mental Health Counseling from Shippensburg University. Brooke works primarily with adolescents and adults struggling with a variety of issues, including but not limited to: depression, anxiety, relationship conflict, trauma, substance abuse, self-esteem, and stress related issues. Additionally, I am an approved clinical supervisor for LPC candidates in NJ.
Brooke is a Licensed Professional Counselor in New Jersey and has been working in the field of mental health and addiction for over 7 years. Brooke obtained her Bachelor of Arts in Psychology and Master of Science in Clinical Mental Health Counseling from Shippensburg University. Brooke works primarily with adolescents and adults struggling with a variety of issues, including but not limited to: depression, anxiety, relationship conflict, trauma, substance abuse, self-esteem, and stress related issues. Additionally, I am an approved clinical supervisor for LPC candidates in NJ.
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Photo of Jonathan Hannum, Licensed Professional Counselor in 08108, NJ
Jonathan Hannum
Licensed Professional Counselor, MSEd, NCC, LPC
Verified
2 Endorsed
Collingswood, NJ 08108
I specialize in working with folks with ADHD and other neurodivergent-types in NJ and PA but also heavily work with anxiety, depression, and issues surrounding activation and assertion. So I'm very action-oriented in my approach and that's because I believe when we see and experience change it can help build momentum. People are resilient, creative, and adaptive but sometimes we get stuck. (And when we neurodivergent folks get stuck we get really stuck!) Let's work to build awareness, strategies, and change!
I specialize in working with folks with ADHD and other neurodivergent-types in NJ and PA but also heavily work with anxiety, depression, and issues surrounding activation and assertion. So I'm very action-oriented in my approach and that's because I believe when we see and experience change it can help build momentum. People are resilient, creative, and adaptive but sometimes we get stuck. (And when we neurodivergent folks get stuck we get really stuck!) Let's work to build awareness, strategies, and change!
(215) 978-9709 View (215) 978-9709
Photo of Elizabeth Tedeschi, Licensed Professional Counselor in 08108, NJ
Elizabeth Tedeschi
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified
2 Endorsed
Collingswood, NJ 08108  (Online Only)
Far too often we are weighed down by heavy emotions; intrusive thoughts and conditioned patterns. Through my varied experience I have been able to witness firsthand--that even in the most dire circumstances positive change is possible. My philosophy is to provide you with patience; positivity and pragmatism while varying the therapeutic approach to fit your current needs. To foster motivation and facilitate insight, I utilize a combination of strength-based techniques. I also believe in the significance of incorporating your interests and creativity (e.g. art, music, theatre and humor) into sessions.
Far too often we are weighed down by heavy emotions; intrusive thoughts and conditioned patterns. Through my varied experience I have been able to witness firsthand--that even in the most dire circumstances positive change is possible. My philosophy is to provide you with patience; positivity and pragmatism while varying the therapeutic approach to fit your current needs. To foster motivation and facilitate insight, I utilize a combination of strength-based techniques. I also believe in the significance of incorporating your interests and creativity (e.g. art, music, theatre and humor) into sessions.
(973) 310-5294 View (973) 310-5294
Photo of Rebecca Davis, Licensed Professional Counselor in 08108, NJ
Rebecca Davis
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Collingswood, NJ 08108  (Online Only)
I strive to create a safe and non-judgmental space where we can explore your thoughts, feelings, and innermost experiences. By fostering a collaborative relationship, I aim to empower you to gain insights into your challenges, develop new skills, and process your past in order to feel more grounded in your present and future. My clinical strengths include depression, adult ADHD, trauma, social anxiety, childhood sexual assault, as well as relational & transitional issues, including pregnancy and parenthood. She is knowledgeable in a wide range of techniques, including Psychodynamic, CBT, DBT, TF-CBT, and Motivational Interviewing.
I strive to create a safe and non-judgmental space where we can explore your thoughts, feelings, and innermost experiences. By fostering a collaborative relationship, I aim to empower you to gain insights into your challenges, develop new skills, and process your past in order to feel more grounded in your present and future. My clinical strengths include depression, adult ADHD, trauma, social anxiety, childhood sexual assault, as well as relational & transitional issues, including pregnancy and parenthood. She is knowledgeable in a wide range of techniques, including Psychodynamic, CBT, DBT, TF-CBT, and Motivational Interviewing.
(856) 452-7762 View (856) 452-7762
Photo of Ashley Derdzikowski-Farrell, Licensed Professional Counselor in 08108, NJ
Ashley Derdzikowski-Farrell
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
Collingswood, NJ 08108
As a mental health therapist, my goal is to help you uncover your fears and help resolve your challenges that you face in life through therapy. Whether your life challenges are depression, anxiety, relationship struggles, social media addiction/struggles or co-occurring issues, I am here to work with you through these challenges. I am a licensed professional counselor, as well as a certified school counselor that has worked in the mental health field for over 5 years. I have experience working with clients whom have struggled with depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, PTSD, schizophrenia, co-occurring disorders and addiction.
As a mental health therapist, my goal is to help you uncover your fears and help resolve your challenges that you face in life through therapy. Whether your life challenges are depression, anxiety, relationship struggles, social media addiction/struggles or co-occurring issues, I am here to work with you through these challenges. I am a licensed professional counselor, as well as a certified school counselor that has worked in the mental health field for over 5 years. I have experience working with clients whom have struggled with depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, PTSD, schizophrenia, co-occurring disorders and addiction.
(856) 619-8296 View (856) 619-8296
Photo of Lesya Popil, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 08108, NJ
Lesya Popil
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Collingswood, NJ 08108
Depression, anxiety, trauma and relationship concerns can affect us all, especially in these uncertain times. Let's work on developing a greater understanding of you and your trajectory in this life. Together we can set goals that meet the unique concerns that need to be addressed.
Depression, anxiety, trauma and relationship concerns can affect us all, especially in these uncertain times. Let's work on developing a greater understanding of you and your trajectory in this life. Together we can set goals that meet the unique concerns that need to be addressed.
(856) 712-9011 View (856) 712-9011
Photo of Aspire To Achieve Counseling Services. LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 08108, NJ
Aspire To Achieve Counseling Services. LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Greetings, I am Janice,, as a psychotherapist, I would define myself and my foundation as eclectic. I believe that the human condition and many stages of our life cycle presents challenges and conflict. As your therapist, my goal is to help you move to a better space in your life. You and I we will work together through your distress or conflict. I am comfortable with all ages. I also run many groups at my practice.
Greetings, I am Janice,, as a psychotherapist, I would define myself and my foundation as eclectic. I believe that the human condition and many stages of our life cycle presents challenges and conflict. As your therapist, my goal is to help you move to a better space in your life. You and I we will work together through your distress or conflict. I am comfortable with all ages. I also run many groups at my practice.
(856) 292-8194 View (856) 292-8194
Photo of Annie (Natalie) Fisher, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 08108, NJ
Annie (Natalie) Fisher
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Collingswood, NJ 08108
My work combines psychoanalytic therapy with helping people learn how to listen to the unique and creative way in which our body carries wisdom, information and unprocessed experiences. It is important for us to tell the story of what has happened to us and to have our stories held in a compassionate manner. If we already know our story and find ourselves still stuck in old behaviors, thoughts and patterns, then learning to listen and experience how our bodies hold meaning for what's still unresolved or unknown is a valuable skill.
My work combines psychoanalytic therapy with helping people learn how to listen to the unique and creative way in which our body carries wisdom, information and unprocessed experiences. It is important for us to tell the story of what has happened to us and to have our stories held in a compassionate manner. If we already know our story and find ourselves still stuck in old behaviors, thoughts and patterns, then learning to listen and experience how our bodies hold meaning for what's still unresolved or unknown is a valuable skill.
(856) 259-1375 View (856) 259-1375
Photo of Tara Brophy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 08108, NJ
Tara Brophy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, LLC
Verified
Life as we know presents us with many challenges, and some are often difficult to navigate through alone. I have a special interest working with adults and adolescents who are struggling particularly with anger, anxiety, depression and/or self esteem issues. I believe in exploring unhelpful thoughts, beliefs and patterns that continue to promote unpleasant feelings and self sabotage. I can assist you with developing positive self care; increased insight, healthy boundaries, better communication and strategies to manage stress better.
Life as we know presents us with many challenges, and some are often difficult to navigate through alone. I have a special interest working with adults and adolescents who are struggling particularly with anger, anxiety, depression and/or self esteem issues. I believe in exploring unhelpful thoughts, beliefs and patterns that continue to promote unpleasant feelings and self sabotage. I can assist you with developing positive self care; increased insight, healthy boundaries, better communication and strategies to manage stress better.
(856) 497-4265 View (856) 497-4265
Photo of Deborah Ejiofor, Licensed Professional Counselor in 08108, NJ
Deborah Ejiofor
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified
Collingswood, NJ 08108
Do you feel overwhelmed by your current situation? When confronted with unchangeable circumstances, you may feel unable to do anything but wish your situation would change. I can help you move forward toward finding peace, happiness and a more satisfying life. I have experience working with depression, anxiety, trauma, adjustment to life stressors, relationships, and women's issues.
Do you feel overwhelmed by your current situation? When confronted with unchangeable circumstances, you may feel unable to do anything but wish your situation would change. I can help you move forward toward finding peace, happiness and a more satisfying life. I have experience working with depression, anxiety, trauma, adjustment to life stressors, relationships, and women's issues.
(973) 878-0819 View (973) 878-0819
Photo of Patricia L Obst, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 08108, NJ
Patricia L Obst
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified
Waitlist for new clients
None of us can leave this planet without experiencing loss. We all grieve in our own way on our own unique grief journey. I've made it my life's mission to help those who've experienced loss of a loved one, loss due to divorce, life altering illness or injury, and other types of loss. You’ve come to this place because you've experienced a life-altering loss. Something has happened that has changed the trajectory of your life. The road ahead may seem confusing — riddled with sadness, heartache, and maybe even fear. You might wonder what comes next, what comes AFTERWARDS.
None of us can leave this planet without experiencing loss. We all grieve in our own way on our own unique grief journey. I've made it my life's mission to help those who've experienced loss of a loved one, loss due to divorce, life altering illness or injury, and other types of loss. You’ve come to this place because you've experienced a life-altering loss. Something has happened that has changed the trajectory of your life. The road ahead may seem confusing — riddled with sadness, heartache, and maybe even fear. You might wonder what comes next, what comes AFTERWARDS.
(609) 474-3863 View (609) 474-3863
Photo of Catherine Westerduin, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 08108, NJ
Catherine Westerduin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, LCSW
Verified
Collingswood, NJ 08108
Not accepting new clients
If you find yourself navigating difficult life transitions (work, relationships, loss, etc.) and are seeking to feel more connected with life or to manage these stressors with greater ease and confidence, please reach out. Clients experiencing grief, or who carry heavy worries or painful recollections of the past may find solace in individual sessions where we will identify the distress and make a plan for moving forward. You don't need to have specific symptoms to "deserve" therapy; we all deserve more peace. Catherine works primarily with adults in individual sessions, and has special expertise with caregivers.
If you find yourself navigating difficult life transitions (work, relationships, loss, etc.) and are seeking to feel more connected with life or to manage these stressors with greater ease and confidence, please reach out. Clients experiencing grief, or who carry heavy worries or painful recollections of the past may find solace in individual sessions where we will identify the distress and make a plan for moving forward. You don't need to have specific symptoms to "deserve" therapy; we all deserve more peace. Catherine works primarily with adults in individual sessions, and has special expertise with caregivers.
(856) 452-8637 View (856) 452-8637
Photo of Katie Rose, Counselor in 08108, NJ
Katie Rose
Counselor, MA, LAC
Verified
Accepting New Clients! You've been through a lot. The idea of "doing the work" and healing feels overwhelming sometimes but you know something has to change. Maybe you've been hurt by someone and now you have a hard time trusting people. Maybe you've realized you're living by messages or beliefs you grew up with that you're not so sure about now. I started my career working with survivors of sexual trauma. As I worked with my clients toward healing I found that many of them also had experienced trauma from their religious upbringing or institutions and I began to study religious trauma.
Accepting New Clients! You've been through a lot. The idea of "doing the work" and healing feels overwhelming sometimes but you know something has to change. Maybe you've been hurt by someone and now you have a hard time trusting people. Maybe you've realized you're living by messages or beliefs you grew up with that you're not so sure about now. I started my career working with survivors of sexual trauma. As I worked with my clients toward healing I found that many of them also had experienced trauma from their religious upbringing or institutions and I began to study religious trauma.
(609) 849-5896 View (609) 849-5896
Photo of Ebony Yelder, Licensed Professional Counselor in 08108, NJ
Ebony Yelder
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified
Collingswood, NJ 08108  (Online Only)
Congratulations on taking such a significant and courageous step in your self care. We can easily become stagnated by the struggles of our past or bounded by the worries of our future. My mission is to empower my clients through identifying and cultivating their strengths consequently building upon these qualities to achieve the vision and goals they have for themselves. I strive to foster a relationship that provides a safe and non-judgmental space for clients to share openly and freely.
Congratulations on taking such a significant and courageous step in your self care. We can easily become stagnated by the struggles of our past or bounded by the worries of our future. My mission is to empower my clients through identifying and cultivating their strengths consequently building upon these qualities to achieve the vision and goals they have for themselves. I strive to foster a relationship that provides a safe and non-judgmental space for clients to share openly and freely.
(609) 293-5376 View (609) 293-5376
Photo of Barbara Faracchio, Licensed Professional Counselor in 08108, NJ
Barbara Faracchio
Licensed Professional Counselor, LCADC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Barbara is a Licensed Professional Counselor in NJ and PA, and a Licensed Drug and Alcohol Counselor in NJ. Barbara earned her bachelor’s degree in psychology at Temple University and received her master’s degree from Chestnut Hill College in Counseling and Clinical Psychology. Barbara’s approach is warm, encouraging, and collaborative. She has experience working with adults in early and long-term recovery. Barbara practices trauma-informed counseling and has experience working with clients who are survivors of childhood sexual abuse, physical abuse, emotional abuse, mental abuse, and neglect.
Barbara is a Licensed Professional Counselor in NJ and PA, and a Licensed Drug and Alcohol Counselor in NJ. Barbara earned her bachelor’s degree in psychology at Temple University and received her master’s degree from Chestnut Hill College in Counseling and Clinical Psychology. Barbara’s approach is warm, encouraging, and collaborative. She has experience working with adults in early and long-term recovery. Barbara practices trauma-informed counseling and has experience working with clients who are survivors of childhood sexual abuse, physical abuse, emotional abuse, mental abuse, and neglect.
(856) 854-3155 x165 View (856) 854-3155 x165

See more therapy options for 08108

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 08108

90+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in 08108 who prioritize treating:

91% Anxiety
87% Depression
79% Relationship Issues
69% Self Esteem
67% Trauma and PTSD
67% Coping Skills
64% Stress

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

85% Aetna
71% Horizon Blue Cross and Blue Shield
58% BlueCross and BlueShield

How Therapists in 08108 see their clients

76% In Person and Online
24% Online Only

Gender breakdown

83% Female
14% Male
3% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 08108?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.