Counselling in LE1

Photo of Karpal Kaur, Counsellor in LE1, England
Karpal Kaur
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
You have already taken the very first step to reach out and help yourself - that is brave. Is it because nothing is making sense anymore? Feelings of anxiety now have its strongholds and nothing feels certain either, only this deep sinking feeling of dread! I know it can feel daunting to reach out for help but by working together I can provide that space in a safe, and confidential environment to explore these issues. There maybe many reasons for accessing counselling and I am mindful that everyone has a story. I am also aware that there can be stigma attached in seeking emotional support.
You have already taken the very first step to reach out and help yourself - that is brave. Is it because nothing is making sense anymore? Feelings of anxiety now have its strongholds and nothing feels certain either, only this deep sinking feeling of dread! I know it can feel daunting to reach out for help but by working together I can provide that space in a safe, and confidential environment to explore these issues. There maybe many reasons for accessing counselling and I am mindful that everyone has a story. I am also aware that there can be stigma attached in seeking emotional support.
0116 216 5753 View 0116 216 5753
Photo of Sacha Jackson, Counsellor in LE1, England
Sacha Jackson
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
I provide a safe, confidential and non judgemental environment to explore emotional difficulties which may be causing distress or imbalance. I have been providing face to face Counselling for over 13 years and hold BACP Accreditation. I have experience of working with a variety of issues including sexuality, bereavement, gender identity, abuse, and depression to name some.
I provide a safe, confidential and non judgemental environment to explore emotional difficulties which may be causing distress or imbalance. I have been providing face to face Counselling for over 13 years and hold BACP Accreditation. I have experience of working with a variety of issues including sexuality, bereavement, gender identity, abuse, and depression to name some.
0116 464 9978 View 0116 464 9978
Photo of Shaheena Haider, Counsellor in LE1, England
Shaheena Haider
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
If you are at a time in your life when you are feeling stuck and you are facing difficulties that are causing you uncertainty, fear and anxiety. It can create a sense of vulnerability and feelings of insecurities. Past experiences or trauma may resurface. Surviving through this can be quite challenging. Sharing your concerns with myself can help find a way through this and relieve some of the burden you may be carrying. Counselling can create an awakening within you, becoming more reflective, insightful and aware of your surroundings. I have the ability to connect authentically and deeply with your emotions.
If you are at a time in your life when you are feeling stuck and you are facing difficulties that are causing you uncertainty, fear and anxiety. It can create a sense of vulnerability and feelings of insecurities. Past experiences or trauma may resurface. Surviving through this can be quite challenging. Sharing your concerns with myself can help find a way through this and relieve some of the burden you may be carrying. Counselling can create an awakening within you, becoming more reflective, insightful and aware of your surroundings. I have the ability to connect authentically and deeply with your emotions.
0116 366 6777 View 0116 366 6777
Photo of Shabnum Ahmed, Psychotherapist in LE1, England
Shabnum Ahmed
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Hello, I am an accredited Integrative Psychotherapist at Healand Clinic. I've had the privilege of working with Individuals, couples, families, young people. I offer a non-judgmental, safe, and confidential space where we can explore what's going on for you. Together, we can work towards understanding your challenges and finding ways to restore balance in your life. A significant part of my practice is dedicated to exploring relationships—both the one we have with ourselves and our connections with others, including relationships with food, pain, work, self-harm, and more.
Hello, I am an accredited Integrative Psychotherapist at Healand Clinic. I've had the privilege of working with Individuals, couples, families, young people. I offer a non-judgmental, safe, and confidential space where we can explore what's going on for you. Together, we can work towards understanding your challenges and finding ways to restore balance in your life. A significant part of my practice is dedicated to exploring relationships—both the one we have with ourselves and our connections with others, including relationships with food, pain, work, self-harm, and more.
0116 216 8812 View 0116 216 8812
Photo of Kerry Martine Corbett, Psychotherapist in LE1, England
Kerry Martine Corbett
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Leicester LE1  (Online Only)
Qualified Psychologist and Psychotherapist specialising in Childhood Trauma and sexual/domestic abuse, leading to a whole range of developmental problems such as; dissociation, psychosis, suicide ideation/attempts, self harm, substance misuse, sexual violence, domestic violence, a range of mental health disorders, emotional dysregulation, relationship and personal issues. Trauma can get very complex but you can heal, and move forward, you just may need support to help you. The most important thing about starting this process is that you choose a therapist that you feel safe/comfortable. Please contact me with any queries.
Qualified Psychologist and Psychotherapist specialising in Childhood Trauma and sexual/domestic abuse, leading to a whole range of developmental problems such as; dissociation, psychosis, suicide ideation/attempts, self harm, substance misuse, sexual violence, domestic violence, a range of mental health disorders, emotional dysregulation, relationship and personal issues. Trauma can get very complex but you can heal, and move forward, you just may need support to help you. The most important thing about starting this process is that you choose a therapist that you feel safe/comfortable. Please contact me with any queries.
0116 502 3495 View 0116 502 3495
Photo of Cat Buchan, Psychotherapist in LE1, England
Cat Buchan
Psychotherapist, MA, MUKCP
Verified Verified
A great deal of my practice is focused on supporting individuals going through challenging times in their lives due to anxiety, depression and those having difficulty in finding direction. I have particular experience supporting people suffering from chronic or terminal illness and with bereaved people, exploring the many complex issues which arise at such times. I am very comfortable and able to work with clients who have concerns about sexual identity and sexuality. I am also a qualified supervisor. Within this role, again, I base my practise on a developmental, relational model.
A great deal of my practice is focused on supporting individuals going through challenging times in their lives due to anxiety, depression and those having difficulty in finding direction. I have particular experience supporting people suffering from chronic or terminal illness and with bereaved people, exploring the many complex issues which arise at such times. I am very comfortable and able to work with clients who have concerns about sexual identity and sexuality. I am also a qualified supervisor. Within this role, again, I base my practise on a developmental, relational model.
0116 216 8973 View 0116 216 8973
Photo of Stepping Stones, Counsellor in LE1, England
Stepping Stones
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
l am a BACP (Accredited) Counsellor / Psychotherapist with 18 years experience. I work in a way that is sensitive, in-touch and eclectic, offering a tailor-made approach for each individual client. As a professional Therapist my role is to provide a safe and trusting environment, the emphasis being on the therapeutic relationship, where you will find a calm, compassionate and non-judgmental approach, enabling you to explore any issues that you feel are causing you difficulties in your life.
l am a BACP (Accredited) Counsellor / Psychotherapist with 18 years experience. I work in a way that is sensitive, in-touch and eclectic, offering a tailor-made approach for each individual client. As a professional Therapist my role is to provide a safe and trusting environment, the emphasis being on the therapeutic relationship, where you will find a calm, compassionate and non-judgmental approach, enabling you to explore any issues that you feel are causing you difficulties in your life.
0116 464 9570 View 0116 464 9570
Photo of Emma Crocker Counselling, Psychotherapist in LE1, England
Emma Crocker Counselling
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Leicester LE1  (Online Only)
Sometimes it can be difficult to pinpoint exactly what’s wrong. Or, you may know what’s wrong, but not necessarily how to go about changing it. Everyone is different, and I utilise my skills and training to approach counselling in a collaborative way. I provide a non-judgemental, safe, confidential, therapeutic space where we can better understand what’s going on for you and explore ways to create or restore balance in your life. A great deal of my practice is focused on relationships (with ourselves and others- including our relationships with the things and people we turn to- substances, eating disorders, self- harm etc).
Sometimes it can be difficult to pinpoint exactly what’s wrong. Or, you may know what’s wrong, but not necessarily how to go about changing it. Everyone is different, and I utilise my skills and training to approach counselling in a collaborative way. I provide a non-judgemental, safe, confidential, therapeutic space where we can better understand what’s going on for you and explore ways to create or restore balance in your life. A great deal of my practice is focused on relationships (with ourselves and others- including our relationships with the things and people we turn to- substances, eating disorders, self- harm etc).
0116 326 5124 View 0116 326 5124
Photo of Imbeko Counselling, Counsellor in LE1, England
Imbeko Counselling
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
I am an Integrative Counsellor who qualified from the University of Leicester and is a member of the BACP. I have a friendly & trustworthy personality and has experience in working with clients with a wide range of issues, including Depression, Anxiety, Bereavement, Trauma, PTSD, Low Confidence and problems arising from childhood. By applying an integrative approach; Psychodynamic, Person-Centred, Cogitative Behavioural Therapy (CBT), Transitional Analysis (TA), Gestalt etc. I would feel honoured to listen empathetically to your individual concerns.
I am an Integrative Counsellor who qualified from the University of Leicester and is a member of the BACP. I have a friendly & trustworthy personality and has experience in working with clients with a wide range of issues, including Depression, Anxiety, Bereavement, Trauma, PTSD, Low Confidence and problems arising from childhood. By applying an integrative approach; Psychodynamic, Person-Centred, Cogitative Behavioural Therapy (CBT), Transitional Analysis (TA), Gestalt etc. I would feel honoured to listen empathetically to your individual concerns.
0116 326 1315 View 0116 326 1315
Photo of Chris Parker, Psychotherapist in LE1, England
Chris Parker
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Hi I'm Chris and based in Leicester. I'm an accredited Member of the BACP. At Leicester Therapy if you are struggling with something in your life at the moment and want to take that first step towards change I am here to help you. My priority is to provide you with a safe, confidential space and to support you through the whole process. As a humanistic therapist I practice in a non-judgemental, ethical, structured way and can help you to develop your solutions that will help you change and grow. I work from Office 5 above Leicester Coffee House Company, 110 Granby Street Leicester LE1 1DL
Hi I'm Chris and based in Leicester. I'm an accredited Member of the BACP. At Leicester Therapy if you are struggling with something in your life at the moment and want to take that first step towards change I am here to help you. My priority is to provide you with a safe, confidential space and to support you through the whole process. As a humanistic therapist I practice in a non-judgemental, ethical, structured way and can help you to develop your solutions that will help you change and grow. I work from Office 5 above Leicester Coffee House Company, 110 Granby Street Leicester LE1 1DL
0116 478 6983 View 0116 478 6983
Photo of Jenny Collard, Psychotherapist in LE1, England
Jenny Collard
Psychotherapist, MSc, MUKCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hi, I am Practice Director, Psychotherapist & DBT Service Lead at Rutland House Counselling and Psychotherapy Ltd (RHCP), a private therapy service based in the heart of Leicester city. I offer private therapy myself, however RHCP hosts a team of practitioners offering tailor-made therapy for Adults, Families, Couples and Businesses in a comfortable location . If you are looking for private therapy but are overwhelmed by the choices available we would be very happy to offer an assessment with a senior therapist who will make recommendations for you.
Hi, I am Practice Director, Psychotherapist & DBT Service Lead at Rutland House Counselling and Psychotherapy Ltd (RHCP), a private therapy service based in the heart of Leicester city. I offer private therapy myself, however RHCP hosts a team of practitioners offering tailor-made therapy for Adults, Families, Couples and Businesses in a comfortable location . If you are looking for private therapy but are overwhelmed by the choices available we would be very happy to offer an assessment with a senior therapist who will make recommendations for you.
0116 478 2900 View 0116 478 2900
Photo of Debbie Harnett, Counsellor in LE1, England
Debbie Harnett
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
At times life can be hard to cope with and understanding our thoughts, emotions and actions can feel over whelming and all consuming. Life at times can feel rather heavy and embarking on a therapeutic journey together we can help lighten the load. Working together on your journey to help you understand your past experiences, how these experiences can shape the way we feel and act, how this affects you now. Being able to reflect and start to recognise our own emotions is the building foundation for emotional, mental and physical resilience.
At times life can be hard to cope with and understanding our thoughts, emotions and actions can feel over whelming and all consuming. Life at times can feel rather heavy and embarking on a therapeutic journey together we can help lighten the load. Working together on your journey to help you understand your past experiences, how these experiences can shape the way we feel and act, how this affects you now. Being able to reflect and start to recognise our own emotions is the building foundation for emotional, mental and physical resilience.
01858 457166 View 01858 457166
Photo of Insiya Maimoon, Psychotherapist in LE1, England
Insiya Maimoon
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Hello and welcome. There may be a number of reasons for seeking counselling and sometimes the reasons might not be completely clear. That is ok, we will work together to better understand what is going on. Deciding to start sessions can be difficult and it is vital to me that you feel comfortable and respected in your Individual journey. Therapy can increase self-awareness as well facilitate an environment for growth and change. It also may be a place for you to process life experiences and events, including the past and present.
Hello and welcome. There may be a number of reasons for seeking counselling and sometimes the reasons might not be completely clear. That is ok, we will work together to better understand what is going on. Deciding to start sessions can be difficult and it is vital to me that you feel comfortable and respected in your Individual journey. Therapy can increase self-awareness as well facilitate an environment for growth and change. It also may be a place for you to process life experiences and events, including the past and present.
0116 502 3564 View 0116 502 3564
Photo of You And Me Therapy, Psychotherapist in LE1, England
You And Me Therapy
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hello, I believe it can be tough sometimes perhaps because you might be feeling stuck or your sense of direction has derailed, its ok! I get it! All you want is to feel heard. However you are feeling, it truly is ok! Trying to understand where it is you are right now is an important part of therapy, which will help you to overcome issues, such as anxiety, stress, lack of confidence & low self - esteem. You maybe feeling some or all of these and the thought of getting back on track feels like a challenge.
Hello, I believe it can be tough sometimes perhaps because you might be feeling stuck or your sense of direction has derailed, its ok! I get it! All you want is to feel heard. However you are feeling, it truly is ok! Trying to understand where it is you are right now is an important part of therapy, which will help you to overcome issues, such as anxiety, stress, lack of confidence & low self - esteem. You maybe feeling some or all of these and the thought of getting back on track feels like a challenge.
0116 326 4298 View 0116 326 4298
Photo of Frankie Gates, Counsellor in LE1, England
Frankie Gates
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
At For the Love of you, Counselling I offer both face to face & online counselling. I provide a space where you can talk and feel heard in a safe, private and confidential setting. You no longer need to face your problems alone; I am here to support you in exploring, expressing and processing your emotions.
At For the Love of you, Counselling I offer both face to face & online counselling. I provide a space where you can talk and feel heard in a safe, private and confidential setting. You no longer need to face your problems alone; I am here to support you in exploring, expressing and processing your emotions.
01780 432723 View 01780 432723
Photo of Jo Flynn, Counsellor in LE1, England
Jo Flynn
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
If you are reading this I wonder if life feels difficult at the moment. Perhaps you are feeling anxious, depressed, living with the distress of uncertainty? Finding it difficult to let go of control, of perfectionism, feeling vulnerable or struggling with living in a ‘never enough’ world? Is this having a negative effect on your relationships, or are you struggling to understand traumatic events in your past, and you can no longer soldier on as before? However you may be feeling, it can feel really scary to come and talk to a counsellor. But I respect your courage to reach out, and I will listen to you with warmth and empathy.
If you are reading this I wonder if life feels difficult at the moment. Perhaps you are feeling anxious, depressed, living with the distress of uncertainty? Finding it difficult to let go of control, of perfectionism, feeling vulnerable or struggling with living in a ‘never enough’ world? Is this having a negative effect on your relationships, or are you struggling to understand traumatic events in your past, and you can no longer soldier on as before? However you may be feeling, it can feel really scary to come and talk to a counsellor. But I respect your courage to reach out, and I will listen to you with warmth and empathy.
07570 923142 View 07570 923142
Photo of Hannah Ruby, Counsellor in LE1, England
Hannah Ruby
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Leicester LE1  (Online Only)
Hello, I'm Hannah, welcome to my page! I offer both long and short term individual therapy for adults and young people aged 16 and above. I am trained in integrative counselling and psychotherapy. This means that I use a range of theories to suit the client, including cognitive behavioural therapy, person-centered counselling and attachment theory. I have lots of experience in working with young people and adults in a therapeutic setting. No matter what form of support you need, I believe that the client-therapist relationship is most important. I provide a safe and non-judgmental space to explore your thoughts and feelings.
Hello, I'm Hannah, welcome to my page! I offer both long and short term individual therapy for adults and young people aged 16 and above. I am trained in integrative counselling and psychotherapy. This means that I use a range of theories to suit the client, including cognitive behavioural therapy, person-centered counselling and attachment theory. I have lots of experience in working with young people and adults in a therapeutic setting. No matter what form of support you need, I believe that the client-therapist relationship is most important. I provide a safe and non-judgmental space to explore your thoughts and feelings.
0116 326 1939 View 0116 326 1939
Photo of Tom Robson, Psychotherapist in LE1, England
Tom Robson
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
It takes great courage to consider therapy and I have deep admiration for you doing so. My personal experience of therapy has shown me how important it is to find the right counsellor, and I hope after reading more about my approach and what I can support you with, helps you decide if I’m the therapist you would like alongside you. You may be considering therapy to explore issues, thoughts and feelings that are currently causing concern and distress. Not limited to, but issues such as bereavement, relationships, employment, anger, addiction, family conflict, self esteem, etc.
It takes great courage to consider therapy and I have deep admiration for you doing so. My personal experience of therapy has shown me how important it is to find the right counsellor, and I hope after reading more about my approach and what I can support you with, helps you decide if I’m the therapist you would like alongside you. You may be considering therapy to explore issues, thoughts and feelings that are currently causing concern and distress. Not limited to, but issues such as bereavement, relationships, employment, anger, addiction, family conflict, self esteem, etc.
0116 216 2743 View 0116 216 2743
Photo of Rima Sidhpara, Psychotherapist in LE1, England
Rima Sidhpara
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
I offer an initial consultation, which is also an opportunity to assess whether my style of working is for you. My aim is to help individuals and couples address the causes of their problems, reduce symptoms and move forward in life. I can work with most adult mental health issues , and I specialise in Borderline personality disorder/EUPD, Trauma, and PTSD.
I offer an initial consultation, which is also an opportunity to assess whether my style of working is for you. My aim is to help individuals and couples address the causes of their problems, reduce symptoms and move forward in life. I can work with most adult mental health issues , and I specialise in Borderline personality disorder/EUPD, Trauma, and PTSD.
0116 478 4480 View 0116 478 4480
Photo of Sheereen Sidat, Psychotherapist in LE1, England
Sheereen Sidat
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
"Maybe the journey isn't so much about becoming anything. Maybe it's about unbecoming everything that isn't you, so you can be who you were meant to be in the first place."unknown. There are many different reasons to seek out counselling - whatever your reason, I aim to provide a safe, confidential space and time that is yours. A place for you to talk and be heard, to explore, to imagine, to feel and express without judgement. A place where you are not alone in your journey, but have someone alongside you to support you and honour your unique life experiences.
"Maybe the journey isn't so much about becoming anything. Maybe it's about unbecoming everything that isn't you, so you can be who you were meant to be in the first place."unknown. There are many different reasons to seek out counselling - whatever your reason, I aim to provide a safe, confidential space and time that is yours. A place for you to talk and be heard, to explore, to imagine, to feel and express without judgement. A place where you are not alone in your journey, but have someone alongside you to support you and honour your unique life experiences.
0116 464 9410 View 0116 464 9410

See more therapy options for LE1

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in LE1

100+

Average cost per session

£55

Counsellors in LE1 who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
90% Depression
84% Self Esteem
83% Stress
81% Relationship Issues
78% Trauma and PTSD
71% Bereavement

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

69% Aviva
54% AXA PPP
46% Bupa

How Counsellors in LE1 see their clients

81% In Person and Online
19% Online Only

Gender breakdown

78% Female
20% Male
2% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in LE1?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.