Photo of Delamere Health Ltd, Counsellor in CW8, England
Delamere Health Ltd
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
People stay with us when alcohol, drugs, prescription drugs or addictive behaviour have become a problem in life. We believe that with the right support anyone can permanently break the addictive cycle and grow beyond addiction.
People stay with us when alcohol, drugs, prescription drugs or addictive behaviour have become a problem in life. We believe that with the right support anyone can permanently break the addictive cycle and grow beyond addiction.
0330 058 1956 View 0330 058 1956
Photo of New Horizon Counselling, Counsellor in CW8, England
New Horizon Counselling
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Hi, my name is Martin and I have been qualified as a person-centred counsellor since 2018. I put my clients goals and needs at the forefront of my practice. I'm non-judgemental and will work with my clients agenda and desired goals in mind. I am a member of the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP). I specialise in bereavement, trauma, depression and anxiety. I also work with individuals, couples and families covering a broad range of other issues including family, marital and relationship guidance, coping skills, coaching and play therapy.
Hi, my name is Martin and I have been qualified as a person-centred counsellor since 2018. I put my clients goals and needs at the forefront of my practice. I'm non-judgemental and will work with my clients agenda and desired goals in mind. I am a member of the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP). I specialise in bereavement, trauma, depression and anxiety. I also work with individuals, couples and families covering a broad range of other issues including family, marital and relationship guidance, coping skills, coaching and play therapy.
01606 533825 View 01606 533825
Photo of Lynda Hill, Psychotherapist in CW8, England
Lynda Hill
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
With a background in both Psychology and Counselling, I have been immersed in offering psychological therapeutic support to different communities almost all my adult life. This has included supporting families through illness and loss, working with University students and counselling individuals with a history of complex trauma. I am passionate about combining my own personal experiences, my accumulated knowledge and specific training in Psychology and Person-Centred Counselling to offer you a compassionate and safe therapeutic space to explore your own experiences in a way that best suits your unique needs.
With a background in both Psychology and Counselling, I have been immersed in offering psychological therapeutic support to different communities almost all my adult life. This has included supporting families through illness and loss, working with University students and counselling individuals with a history of complex trauma. I am passionate about combining my own personal experiences, my accumulated knowledge and specific training in Psychology and Person-Centred Counselling to offer you a compassionate and safe therapeutic space to explore your own experiences in a way that best suits your unique needs.
01606 664232 View 01606 664232
Photo of Sharon Pritchard, Psychotherapist in CW8, England
Sharon Pritchard
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBABCP
Verified Verified
I am an experienced cognitive behaviour therapist, EMDR practitioner and counsellor. I offer individual therapy, working with anxiety and mood disorders, using Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT), EMDR and Counselling in Northwich, Cheshire. I qualified at Keele University with a BSc (Dual Hons.) degree in Psychology and Criminology and subsequently studied for the Post-graduate Diploma in Counselling, passing at Masters level, and the MSc in Cognitive Behavioural Therapy at The University of Chester. I trained with Dr Michael Paterson to Level 4 in EMDR in 2015.
I am an experienced cognitive behaviour therapist, EMDR practitioner and counsellor. I offer individual therapy, working with anxiety and mood disorders, using Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT), EMDR and Counselling in Northwich, Cheshire. I qualified at Keele University with a BSc (Dual Hons.) degree in Psychology and Criminology and subsequently studied for the Post-graduate Diploma in Counselling, passing at Masters level, and the MSc in Cognitive Behavioural Therapy at The University of Chester. I trained with Dr Michael Paterson to Level 4 in EMDR in 2015.
01606 533441 View 01606 533441
Photo of Helen Pickering, Psychologist in CW8, England
Helen Pickering
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
I am a clinical psychologist and CAT practitioner with over 21 years of experience of working with adults with a range of mental health difficulties including stress & anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, loss & bereavement, relationship difficulties, trauma & abuse, interpersonal and personality difficulties. I also specialise in working with people with chronic pain, chronic fatigue and other health problems. Using my skills and experience I work in an integrative way to offer bespoke interventions to meet the specific needs of clients. For more information see my website: www.embrace-psych.co.uk
I am a clinical psychologist and CAT practitioner with over 21 years of experience of working with adults with a range of mental health difficulties including stress & anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, loss & bereavement, relationship difficulties, trauma & abuse, interpersonal and personality difficulties. I also specialise in working with people with chronic pain, chronic fatigue and other health problems. Using my skills and experience I work in an integrative way to offer bespoke interventions to meet the specific needs of clients. For more information see my website: www.embrace-psych.co.uk
01606 539466 View 01606 539466
Photo of Donna Maria Davenport, Counsellor in CW8, England
Donna Maria Davenport
Counsellor
Verified Verified
At DD Counselling, I offer a laid back approach which puts my clients immediately at ease. My clients are able to speak freely without any judgement, whilst feeling valued and respected at all times. I offer face to face and online appointments, ensuring that clients are able to communicate on every level throughout their session. I adapt my sessions which is catered around my clients needs. I will use a variety of Integrated Therapies, which enable clients to understand their thoughts and feelings. If you feel that this type of Counselling approach is for you, I would love to hear from you.
At DD Counselling, I offer a laid back approach which puts my clients immediately at ease. My clients are able to speak freely without any judgement, whilst feeling valued and respected at all times. I offer face to face and online appointments, ensuring that clients are able to communicate on every level throughout their session. I adapt my sessions which is catered around my clients needs. I will use a variety of Integrated Therapies, which enable clients to understand their thoughts and feelings. If you feel that this type of Counselling approach is for you, I would love to hear from you.
01270 441979 View 01270 441979
Photo of Hannah Lloyd, Psychotherapist in CW8, England
Hannah Lloyd
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Hi, I’m Hannah. I have worked in mental health services for over 18 years. I enjoy working with clients to help them understand the development and maintenance of their current difficulties, so that it is possible to make meaningful changes using evidence based CBT strategies or EMDR. I incorporate mindfulness and compassionate approaches into my clinical work. I aim to provide a compassionate, non judgmental, therapeutic environment to clients and understand how difficult it can be to reach out for support. I will do my best to help you feel comfortable and at ease whilst helping you to achieve your goals.
Hi, I’m Hannah. I have worked in mental health services for over 18 years. I enjoy working with clients to help them understand the development and maintenance of their current difficulties, so that it is possible to make meaningful changes using evidence based CBT strategies or EMDR. I incorporate mindfulness and compassionate approaches into my clinical work. I aim to provide a compassionate, non judgmental, therapeutic environment to clients and understand how difficult it can be to reach out for support. I will do my best to help you feel comfortable and at ease whilst helping you to achieve your goals.
01925 730123 View 01925 730123
Photo of Cheshire Psychotherapy Services, Psychotherapist in CW8, England
Cheshire Psychotherapy Services
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Hello, I'm Sam Chiffers. I'm an Accredited Psychotherapist working in the field of mental health since 2005. I'm also a Senior Lecturer in Cognitive Behavioural Therapy on the Postgraduate Diploma course at the University of Chester. Please feel free to contact me for a FREE 15-minute chat to ask any questions about what therapy may entail or to book an initial assessment appointment.
Hello, I'm Sam Chiffers. I'm an Accredited Psychotherapist working in the field of mental health since 2005. I'm also a Senior Lecturer in Cognitive Behavioural Therapy on the Postgraduate Diploma course at the University of Chester. Please feel free to contact me for a FREE 15-minute chat to ask any questions about what therapy may entail or to book an initial assessment appointment.
01244 662684 View 01244 662684
Photo of Samantha Wilkins, Psychotherapist in CW8, England
Samantha Wilkins
Psychotherapist, COSRT Accred
Verified Verified
Samantha brings a non-judgemental and open-minded approach to her practice, creating a safe space for individuals and couples to explore their sexual desires and preferences, including those that fall outside of the traditional norms. Samantha works with a range of sexual function issues and relationship problems, of which she has a deep understanding of empathy and acceptance. Samantha’s clients appreciate her warmth, understanding and her ability to integrate her diverse experiences into her therapeutic practice fostering a sense of safety and trust.
Samantha brings a non-judgemental and open-minded approach to her practice, creating a safe space for individuals and couples to explore their sexual desires and preferences, including those that fall outside of the traditional norms. Samantha works with a range of sexual function issues and relationship problems, of which she has a deep understanding of empathy and acceptance. Samantha’s clients appreciate her warmth, understanding and her ability to integrate her diverse experiences into her therapeutic practice fostering a sense of safety and trust.
01928 243257 View 01928 243257
Photo of Cognitive Behavioural Therapist (CBT), Psychotherapist in CW8, England
Cognitive Behavioural Therapist (CBT)
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
I'm a fully accredited Cognitive Behavioural Therapist (CBT) with post graduate certificate in Compassion Focused Therapy (CFT). I am also accredited as a Schema Therapist with the ISST. I have using Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) with social anxiet, OCD, PTSD and depression. Over the years I have specialised in using CFT and schema therapy with people who experienced difficulties in early life. In adult life this can shows itself as high levels of anxiety, self-criticism, low mood, feeling overwhelmed by emotions, feeling like a failure, feeling alone, blaming yourself for everything, feeling guilty and people pleasing.
I'm a fully accredited Cognitive Behavioural Therapist (CBT) with post graduate certificate in Compassion Focused Therapy (CFT). I am also accredited as a Schema Therapist with the ISST. I have using Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) with social anxiet, OCD, PTSD and depression. Over the years I have specialised in using CFT and schema therapy with people who experienced difficulties in early life. In adult life this can shows itself as high levels of anxiety, self-criticism, low mood, feeling overwhelmed by emotions, feeling like a failure, feeling alone, blaming yourself for everything, feeling guilty and people pleasing.
01606 533793 View 01606 533793
Photo of Natalie Carter-Gibson, Psychotherapist in CW8, England
Natalie Carter-Gibson
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
I work with clients using techniques from different therapy methods from person centred, behavioural to CBT and solution focused and IFS. My focus is on the person in front of me and where they are at that moment. Any client arrives with an idea of what they want to look at, but the journey that follows is unique and generally directed by the client's needs. The difference can be evident so quickly once we move together towards a clearer understanding of how to move forward from the place the client began - its fulfilling and rewarding for all involved
I work with clients using techniques from different therapy methods from person centred, behavioural to CBT and solution focused and IFS. My focus is on the person in front of me and where they are at that moment. Any client arrives with an idea of what they want to look at, but the journey that follows is unique and generally directed by the client's needs. The difference can be evident so quickly once we move together towards a clearer understanding of how to move forward from the place the client began - its fulfilling and rewarding for all involved
01270 447578 View 01270 447578
Photo of Rose Arnold, Counsellor in CW8, England
Rose Arnold
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
I understand how important it is to find a therapist you feel comfortable with, especially at a time when you may be feeling stuck, or struggling with emotions or unhelpful thinking patterns? I offer a warm, compassionate, confidential and non-judgemental approach; a place to offload, perhaps find simple coping strategies, fresh insight, and the greater sense of balance or peace of mind you may seek.
I understand how important it is to find a therapist you feel comfortable with, especially at a time when you may be feeling stuck, or struggling with emotions or unhelpful thinking patterns? I offer a warm, compassionate, confidential and non-judgemental approach; a place to offload, perhaps find simple coping strategies, fresh insight, and the greater sense of balance or peace of mind you may seek.
07984 290514 View 07984 290514
Photo of Dr Kate Rose, Psychologist in CW8, England
Dr Kate Rose
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
I help people to overcome their past, so that they can embrace their future. So often, the things we are struggling with in life, can be linked back to our early life experiences or difficult life events, which can have a huge impact on how we feel about ourselves, our relationships with others and our overall well being. My goal is to help my clients understand and make sense of their past experiences and explore how their current difficulties may fit into this. I help them to learn new skills and break old patterns so that they can reclaim the life that they want.
I help people to overcome their past, so that they can embrace their future. So often, the things we are struggling with in life, can be linked back to our early life experiences or difficult life events, which can have a huge impact on how we feel about ourselves, our relationships with others and our overall well being. My goal is to help my clients understand and make sense of their past experiences and explore how their current difficulties may fit into this. I help them to learn new skills and break old patterns so that they can reclaim the life that they want.
01829 701714 View 01829 701714
Photo of Janine Lee Norris, Psychotherapist in CW8, England
Janine Lee Norris
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBABCP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Hello, I'm Janine, a dedicated and compassionate trauma-informed therapist. I am a BABCP Accredited Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapist with over 9 years of experience helping teenagers, and adults overcome a wide range of psychological challenges. I can successfully treat; anxiety, depression, OCD, PTSD, phobias, and other mental health problems so that you can enjoy life again as you once did.
Hello, I'm Janine, a dedicated and compassionate trauma-informed therapist. I am a BABCP Accredited Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapist with over 9 years of experience helping teenagers, and adults overcome a wide range of psychological challenges. I can successfully treat; anxiety, depression, OCD, PTSD, phobias, and other mental health problems so that you can enjoy life again as you once did.
01925 598713 View 01925 598713
Photo of Joanne Robertson, Psychotherapist in CW8, England
Joanne Robertson
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Hi, I'm Joanne, I'm a Cognitive Behavioural Therapist and EMDR practitioner based in Knutsford, Cheshire. I specialise in working with adults who are struggling with anxiety problems, low confidence, depression and trauma-related difficulties.
Hi, I'm Joanne, I'm a Cognitive Behavioural Therapist and EMDR practitioner based in Knutsford, Cheshire. I specialise in working with adults who are struggling with anxiety problems, low confidence, depression and trauma-related difficulties.
01565 743735 View 01565 743735
Photo of Achieve360 Ltd individual MBACP Children & Adults, Counsellor in CW8, England
Achieve360 Ltd individual MBACP Children & Adults
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
Northwich CW8  (Online Only)
Hello, my name is Nicki, I have been a therapist since 2008 and a member of the BACP, I am very passionate about my work as a person centered counsellor and a Family Mentor. I want to see my clients empowered by gaining confidence, and to get to their desired goals. I offer a very warm welcome, non judgemental environment. For those who may feel uncomfortable just sitting and talking, you can draw, use play dough, paint during our sessions, I would happily bring my therapy dog in, Jax too!
Hello, my name is Nicki, I have been a therapist since 2008 and a member of the BACP, I am very passionate about my work as a person centered counsellor and a Family Mentor. I want to see my clients empowered by gaining confidence, and to get to their desired goals. I offer a very warm welcome, non judgemental environment. For those who may feel uncomfortable just sitting and talking, you can draw, use play dough, paint during our sessions, I would happily bring my therapy dog in, Jax too!
01643 802392 View 01643 802392
Photo of Dr Graham Simpson-Adkins, Psychologist in CW8, England
Dr Graham Simpson-Adkins
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
I aim to support any adult, child, young person, family or organisation to maximise their potential and effectively manage the difficulties that life often brings. I believe that by building an understanding of your social, emotional, psychological and physical needs, you can be supported to feel safe, ready to cope and able to achieve the goals that matter to you. My aim will be to help you to explore your needs, to better understand the difficulties you face and to provide tailored psychological support, based on a wide range of evidence based interventions to help develop solutions that work for you.
I aim to support any adult, child, young person, family or organisation to maximise their potential and effectively manage the difficulties that life often brings. I believe that by building an understanding of your social, emotional, psychological and physical needs, you can be supported to feel safe, ready to cope and able to achieve the goals that matter to you. My aim will be to help you to explore your needs, to better understand the difficulties you face and to provide tailored psychological support, based on a wide range of evidence based interventions to help develop solutions that work for you.
01925 931591 View 01925 931591
Photo of Christine (Chris) Jackson, Counsellor in CW8, England
Christine (Chris) Jackson
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
I qualified as a Person-Centred Counsellor in 2013 and feel privileged to work with adults, couples and young people. I am also a qualified supervisor having the pleasure to supervise both trainee and qualified counsellors. I offer a safe, caring and respectful relationship in which you are offered the space to explore self in ways which feel comfortable for you. Counselling can help with a wide range of issues including relationships, work-related matters, loneliness, sexuality, spirituality, low self-esteem, depression, anxiety, abuse,trauma, illness, loss and bereavement.
I qualified as a Person-Centred Counsellor in 2013 and feel privileged to work with adults, couples and young people. I am also a qualified supervisor having the pleasure to supervise both trainee and qualified counsellors. I offer a safe, caring and respectful relationship in which you are offered the space to explore self in ways which feel comfortable for you. Counselling can help with a wide range of issues including relationships, work-related matters, loneliness, sexuality, spirituality, low self-esteem, depression, anxiety, abuse,trauma, illness, loss and bereavement.
01606 668847 View 01606 668847
Photo of Anne Therapy Services, Counsellor in CW8, England
Anne Therapy Services
Counsellor, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
Northwich CW8  (Online Only)
Hi, I have been a counsellor for 24 yrs and supervisor for 14 yrs, working with adults and young people. My focus is very much on the client's needs and working at your pace, in a caring and safe way, looking at a wide range of short term, on-going and/or long term issues around trauma, stress, anxiety, phobias etc. which can affect your everyday life. I am also an Accredited Certified EFT Practitioner, which is known as a tapping tool, that can help you to overcome and let go of negative beliefs, emotions and thought patterns, and reduce anxiety that allows you to feel more relaxed and able to cope with every day life.
Hi, I have been a counsellor for 24 yrs and supervisor for 14 yrs, working with adults and young people. My focus is very much on the client's needs and working at your pace, in a caring and safe way, looking at a wide range of short term, on-going and/or long term issues around trauma, stress, anxiety, phobias etc. which can affect your everyday life. I am also an Accredited Certified EFT Practitioner, which is known as a tapping tool, that can help you to overcome and let go of negative beliefs, emotions and thought patterns, and reduce anxiety that allows you to feel more relaxed and able to cope with every day life.
0161 696 8429 View 0161 696 8429
Photo of Sarah Bennett, Counsellor in CW8, England
Sarah Bennett
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Northwich CW8  (Online Only)
My name is Sarah , I hold Accredited Registrant membership of The National Counselling Society . I work online to support clients using Teams, or Facetime to connect via either phone or video call. I am able to support adults and teenage/adolescent clients from the age of 11 . I am qualified and experienced to support clients in a range of issues such as: Depression Bereavement Relationships Counselling Loss Divorce Anger Negative Thinking Intrusive Thoughts Loneliness Eating Disorders Issues with Food, Pregnancy and Infant Loss Anxiety Management, Alcohol, Smoking and more
My name is Sarah , I hold Accredited Registrant membership of The National Counselling Society . I work online to support clients using Teams, or Facetime to connect via either phone or video call. I am able to support adults and teenage/adolescent clients from the age of 11 . I am qualified and experienced to support clients in a range of issues such as: Depression Bereavement Relationships Counselling Loss Divorce Anger Negative Thinking Intrusive Thoughts Loneliness Eating Disorders Issues with Food, Pregnancy and Infant Loss Anxiety Management, Alcohol, Smoking and more
01270 444996 View 01270 444996

See more therapy options for CW8

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in CW8

20+

Average cost per session

£70

Counsellors in CW8 who prioritize treating:

96% Anxiety
96% Self Esteem
91% Depression
87% Trauma and PTSD
83% Stress
65% Bereavement
65% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

73% Aviva
73% AXA PPP
73% WPA

How Counsellors in CW8 see their clients

87% In Person and Online
13% Online Only

Gender breakdown

90% Female
10% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in CW8?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.