Therapists in Bozeman, MT

Photo of Meaghan Gaul, LCPC, NCC, Counselor
Meaghan Gaul
Counselor, LCPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Bozeman, MT 59715
Waitlist for new clients
My goal as a counselor is to help you feel comfortable to face life's challenges, no matter the circumstances. Therapy can feel like a leap of faith, and I'm here to help create safety. Through this process, you can search for your truest self and honest desires without ever feeling like you're alone. For better or for worse, we live within our own world where we are the center and the focus. Therapy can be difficult. I also believe it can be connective, creative, insightful, and foster immense healing. And the hardest part can be reaching out.
My goal as a counselor is to help you feel comfortable to face life's challenges, no matter the circumstances. Therapy can feel like a leap of faith, and I'm here to help create safety. Through this process, you can search for your truest self and honest desires without ever feeling like you're alone. For better or for worse, we live within our own world where we are the center and the focus. Therapy can be difficult. I also believe it can be connective, creative, insightful, and foster immense healing. And the hardest part can be reaching out.
(406) 500-7389 View (406) 500-7389
Photo of Brandi Fischer, MS, LCPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Brandi Fischer
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LCPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bozeman, MT 59718
Not accepting new clients
I am a relationally focused counselor who believes that true healing and change occurs when there is a strong therapeutic relationship. I view my role as counselor as not only a source of support but also, an objective guide to help you see patterns, make connections, and address thoughts and behaviors that are contributing to your current emotional state and symptoms. It is often difficult for us to see these things for ourselves and having a safe, supportive place to explore our emotional experiences, thoughts, and behaviors can be incredibly beneficial.
I am a relationally focused counselor who believes that true healing and change occurs when there is a strong therapeutic relationship. I view my role as counselor as not only a source of support but also, an objective guide to help you see patterns, make connections, and address thoughts and behaviors that are contributing to your current emotional state and symptoms. It is often difficult for us to see these things for ourselves and having a safe, supportive place to explore our emotional experiences, thoughts, and behaviors can be incredibly beneficial.
(406) 518-7944 View (406) 518-7944
Photo of Michael Nolt, MS, LCPC, NCC, Counselor
Michael Nolt
Counselor, MS, LCPC, NCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Bozeman, MT 59718
Waitlist for new clients
I once heard it said that "Mental health problems need to be viewed as proof of our humanity, not an exception to it." Such problems in today's world often present themselves as anxiety, depression, stress, burnout, isolation, stagnation, trauma, relationship strain, etc. and can leave people feeling like they are merely existing rather than living. Does this sound familiar to you? If it does, then a counselor like myself may be able to help you through it.
I once heard it said that "Mental health problems need to be viewed as proof of our humanity, not an exception to it." Such problems in today's world often present themselves as anxiety, depression, stress, burnout, isolation, stagnation, trauma, relationship strain, etc. and can leave people feeling like they are merely existing rather than living. Does this sound familiar to you? If it does, then a counselor like myself may be able to help you through it.
(406) 296-4774 View (406) 296-4774
Photo of Christalie Kuglin, MS, LCPC, Counselor
Christalie Kuglin
Counselor, MS, LCPC
Verified Verified
Bozeman, MT 59715
I am interested in learning about each individual I see because my personal aim is to aid clients in reaching their full potential. I believe this can be achieved with a mutual and holistic understanding of each client, specifically within one's social world and through the lens of one's past. For me, counseling is a collaborative process, and I have respect for each individual's autonomy throughout the process. To find meaning, even in the middle of suffering, to heal past or current events, and to develop coping skills can all lead to a deeper understanding of oneself, which is a never ending process.
I am interested in learning about each individual I see because my personal aim is to aid clients in reaching their full potential. I believe this can be achieved with a mutual and holistic understanding of each client, specifically within one's social world and through the lens of one's past. For me, counseling is a collaborative process, and I have respect for each individual's autonomy throughout the process. To find meaning, even in the middle of suffering, to heal past or current events, and to develop coping skills can all lead to a deeper understanding of oneself, which is a never ending process.
(406) 599-2492 View (406) 599-2492
Photo of Hilary Jessica Stroud, LCPC, Counselor
Hilary Jessica Stroud
Counselor, LCPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bozeman, MT 59718
Not accepting new clients
I believe all humans are messy and imperfect; my goal is to assist clients in embracing and accepting the chaotic nature of life while nurturing growth and mastery over new skills and ways of coping with losses, traumas and ways in which life throws unexpected changes our way. I work creatively and flexibly with populations from 6 years old to 70 years old. I work from a person-centered, interpersonal view, believing we must all accept our gifts and shortcomings before change can happen.
I believe all humans are messy and imperfect; my goal is to assist clients in embracing and accepting the chaotic nature of life while nurturing growth and mastery over new skills and ways of coping with losses, traumas and ways in which life throws unexpected changes our way. I work creatively and flexibly with populations from 6 years old to 70 years old. I work from a person-centered, interpersonal view, believing we must all accept our gifts and shortcomings before change can happen.
(406) 551-4751 View (406) 551-4751
Photo of John Shirkey, MSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
John Shirkey
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Bozeman, MT 59715
Are you an athlete, parent of an athlete, or perhaps a coach? Are you looking to restore, maintain, or optimize your performance? Athletics and Mental Health have never been more connected than they are right now. We can learn, practice and execute skills to help us be the best version of ourselves on and off the field and I'm excited to join you on the journey to find your best today. NOT an athlete? That's okay too...performance is performance and every day symptoms of anxiety and depression threaten to derail us, but together we can work to grow through whatever you may be facing.
Are you an athlete, parent of an athlete, or perhaps a coach? Are you looking to restore, maintain, or optimize your performance? Athletics and Mental Health have never been more connected than they are right now. We can learn, practice and execute skills to help us be the best version of ourselves on and off the field and I'm excited to join you on the journey to find your best today. NOT an athlete? That's okay too...performance is performance and every day symptoms of anxiety and depression threaten to derail us, but together we can work to grow through whatever you may be facing.
(406) 213-7616 View (406) 213-7616
Photo of Tia Utzinger, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Tia Utzinger
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Bozeman, MT 59718
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker based in Bozeman, Montana. My focus is on treating adults struggling with issues such as trauma, PTSD, anxiety, depression, grief, divorce, and OCD. Pulling from multiple modalities, I use evidenced based practices to assist individuals in achieving their goals and learning ways to cope with life's challenges. I have additional training in EMDR and trauma focused treatment.
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker based in Bozeman, Montana. My focus is on treating adults struggling with issues such as trauma, PTSD, anxiety, depression, grief, divorce, and OCD. Pulling from multiple modalities, I use evidenced based practices to assist individuals in achieving their goals and learning ways to cope with life's challenges. I have additional training in EMDR and trauma focused treatment.
(406) 345-6502 View (406) 345-6502
Photo of Mike Hetherington, MS, LCPC, Counselor
Mike Hetherington
Counselor, MS, LCPC
Verified Verified
Bozeman, MT 59718
If you, an adolescent child or an adult family member is frustrated, hurting, fearful, discouraged or just at wits end, I bring respect, curiosity and a healing approach to help you. Together we will find ways to cope with and overcome the stresses, pains, obstacles and trauma of life. Your peace of mind is worth it. From personal pain, relationships, addiction and motivation to work-related issues, my approach to your needs focuses on your experiences, strengths and goals. My therapeutic approach is compassionate, collaborative, positive and direct. We can explore your needs & goals during an initial no-charge consultation session.
If you, an adolescent child or an adult family member is frustrated, hurting, fearful, discouraged or just at wits end, I bring respect, curiosity and a healing approach to help you. Together we will find ways to cope with and overcome the stresses, pains, obstacles and trauma of life. Your peace of mind is worth it. From personal pain, relationships, addiction and motivation to work-related issues, my approach to your needs focuses on your experiences, strengths and goals. My therapeutic approach is compassionate, collaborative, positive and direct. We can explore your needs & goals during an initial no-charge consultation session.
(406) 415-7151 View (406) 415-7151
Photo of Jentry De Castro, DNP, FNP-C, PMH-C
Jentry De Castro
DNP, FNP-C, PMH-C
Verified Verified
Bozeman, MT 59715
I offer medication management services to all genders and backgrounds for patients ages 16 and older.
I offer medication management services to all genders and backgrounds for patients ages 16 and older.
(406) 369-6009 View (406) 369-6009
Photo of Mackenzie Fulleton, MSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Mackenzie Fulleton
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Bozeman, MT 59718
Accepting new clients! I work with individuals who are seeking assistance in healing recent or past trauma, anxiety/depression, life transitions, interpersonal/domestic violence, and women who are experiencing pregnancy or postpartum. I use evidence-based modalities such as EMDR, psychodynamic therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), parts work, solution focused brief therapy, and acceptance and commitment therapy.
Accepting new clients! I work with individuals who are seeking assistance in healing recent or past trauma, anxiety/depression, life transitions, interpersonal/domestic violence, and women who are experiencing pregnancy or postpartum. I use evidence-based modalities such as EMDR, psychodynamic therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), parts work, solution focused brief therapy, and acceptance and commitment therapy.
(406) 505-7617 View (406) 505-7617
Photo of Melissa Costigan Davis - Melissa Costigan Davis, LCPC, MA, LCPC, Counselor
Melissa Costigan Davis, LCPC
Counselor, MA, LCPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bozeman, MT 59715
I believe at the core of each of our experiences in life is our felt sense of feeling safe or unsafe in relationships and situations. I also believe that our nervous system is inherently linked to how we are responding to people & situations. The acknowledgement of our nervous system requires us to connect to our body & become an active observer of how we are managing or coping while being in the world. This process is focused on initially helping people begin to find things that make them feel better & resourced & then moving towards the "hot button topics" once we have reached a more resilient place in our systems.
I believe at the core of each of our experiences in life is our felt sense of feeling safe or unsafe in relationships and situations. I also believe that our nervous system is inherently linked to how we are responding to people & situations. The acknowledgement of our nervous system requires us to connect to our body & become an active observer of how we are managing or coping while being in the world. This process is focused on initially helping people begin to find things that make them feel better & resourced & then moving towards the "hot button topics" once we have reached a more resilient place in our systems.
(406) 551-9554 View (406) 551-9554
Photo of Rebecka D. Pearson Ph.d, PhD, LCPC, LPCC, Counselor
Rebecka D. Pearson Ph.d
Counselor, PhD, LCPC, LPCC
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Bozeman, MT 59718
Growth and healing are best achieved within the context of a relationship. As a therapist with over 15 years of experience, I strive to connect with my clients on a deep level in order to facilitate meaningful and lasting change. I believe we our the expert of our own experience, and I seek to empower my client's in finding their own voice on the way to health and healing while providing guidance and support along the path. From a depth perspective, I take seriously the power of the unconscious, dreams, and synchronicities in a holistic, integrative approach which looks deeper than the surface level of the symptoms.
Growth and healing are best achieved within the context of a relationship. As a therapist with over 15 years of experience, I strive to connect with my clients on a deep level in order to facilitate meaningful and lasting change. I believe we our the expert of our own experience, and I seek to empower my client's in finding their own voice on the way to health and healing while providing guidance and support along the path. From a depth perspective, I take seriously the power of the unconscious, dreams, and synchronicities in a holistic, integrative approach which looks deeper than the surface level of the symptoms.
(406) 296-5242 View (406) 296-5242
Photo of Adrianne Wallace, MA, MFTLC, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Adrianne Wallace
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, MFTLC
Verified Verified
Bozeman, MT 59718
As soft-bellied mammals, we're all vulnerable in the world and in relationships. We often receive the message that if we're just tough or smart enough, we should be fine. I've learned that the toughest, smartest, and most resilient people struggle and there are always good reasons. I help people find ways to create more security in their relationships by understanding where attachment instincts may be tangled up with survival instincts that make efforts to connect feel confusing and painful. Using Emotionally Focused Therapy and Somatic Experiencing, I help you feel better in your relationships with yourself, others, and your past.
As soft-bellied mammals, we're all vulnerable in the world and in relationships. We often receive the message that if we're just tough or smart enough, we should be fine. I've learned that the toughest, smartest, and most resilient people struggle and there are always good reasons. I help people find ways to create more security in their relationships by understanding where attachment instincts may be tangled up with survival instincts that make efforts to connect feel confusing and painful. Using Emotionally Focused Therapy and Somatic Experiencing, I help you feel better in your relationships with yourself, others, and your past.
(406) 308-5583 View (406) 308-5583
Photo of Chloe Schuh, MS, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Chloe Schuh
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bozeman, MT 59715  (Online Only)
Are you feeling generally overwhelmed, stuck or lonely in your life or relationships? Are there problems or patterns you're struggling to heal? Relationships have the capacity to affect our lives in really negative ways when they aren't safe and connected. I have a passion for helping couples explore and understand relational wounds so they can heal present problems and find relief from these negative impacts. When relationships are functioning well, they can be a profound source of healing and resiliency - I want my clients to experience this change in, and outside of, the therapy space.
Are you feeling generally overwhelmed, stuck or lonely in your life or relationships? Are there problems or patterns you're struggling to heal? Relationships have the capacity to affect our lives in really negative ways when they aren't safe and connected. I have a passion for helping couples explore and understand relational wounds so they can heal present problems and find relief from these negative impacts. When relationships are functioning well, they can be a profound source of healing and resiliency - I want my clients to experience this change in, and outside of, the therapy space.
(406) 306-7728 View (406) 306-7728
Photo of Candace McMann, MS, LCPC, Counselor
Candace McMann
Counselor, MS, LCPC
Verified Verified
9 Endorsed
Bozeman, MT 59715
Waitlist for new clients
We can all become stuck at times and it can feel so awful. Sometimes we need assistance in facing our difficulties or in identifying fixed patterns that no longer serve us. I help guide clients in exploring these patterns with a curious and self-empowering mindset and support them in finding creative paths to resolution. I have a warm, interactive, directive, and relational style of counseling. I always look forward to collaborating with my clients on their personal journeys! I enjoy using a more directive approach in therapy with clients while still providing plenty of space for clients to explore and process.
We can all become stuck at times and it can feel so awful. Sometimes we need assistance in facing our difficulties or in identifying fixed patterns that no longer serve us. I help guide clients in exploring these patterns with a curious and self-empowering mindset and support them in finding creative paths to resolution. I have a warm, interactive, directive, and relational style of counseling. I always look forward to collaborating with my clients on their personal journeys! I enjoy using a more directive approach in therapy with clients while still providing plenty of space for clients to explore and process.
(406) 296-5568 View (406) 296-5568
Photo of Susan Jedd, LCPC, Counselor
Susan Jedd
Counselor, LCPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Bozeman, MT 59715  (Online Only)
I am trained as a grief counselor and also in EMDR. I also work with couples as an EFT therapist and have a strong belief that relationship is at the center of our well-being; whether it's our relationship with others or with ourselves and am versed in Internal Family Systems Therapy. I also belong to team of practitioners who meet weekly to consider the needs of our clients. We offer an excellent and holistic approach for your care.
I am trained as a grief counselor and also in EMDR. I also work with couples as an EFT therapist and have a strong belief that relationship is at the center of our well-being; whether it's our relationship with others or with ourselves and am versed in Internal Family Systems Therapy. I also belong to team of practitioners who meet weekly to consider the needs of our clients. We offer an excellent and holistic approach for your care.
(406) 630-5390 View (406) 630-5390
Photo of Megan Pagano, MS, LCPC, Counselor
Megan Pagano
Counselor, MS, LCPC
Verified Verified
Bozeman, MT 59715  (Online Only)
Maybe you are seeking more meaning and purpose in your life. Maybe you worry about not living in a way that reflects your true potential. These are common concerns and ones that deserve attention. When they are avoided, unwanted behaviors and emotional distress can follow. One way to begin addressing these concerns is to develop a sense of authenticity and alignment with personal values. Another is to confront fears and uncertainties around death and dying. Exploration of what makes life worth living allows clarity of motivation and potential to emerge, bringing with them an opportunity for new choices and ways of living or being.
Maybe you are seeking more meaning and purpose in your life. Maybe you worry about not living in a way that reflects your true potential. These are common concerns and ones that deserve attention. When they are avoided, unwanted behaviors and emotional distress can follow. One way to begin addressing these concerns is to develop a sense of authenticity and alignment with personal values. Another is to confront fears and uncertainties around death and dying. Exploration of what makes life worth living allows clarity of motivation and potential to emerge, bringing with them an opportunity for new choices and ways of living or being.
(406) 602-0576 View (406) 602-0576
Photo of Gina Temple, MS Ed, CRC , LCPC, Counselor
Gina Temple
Counselor, MS Ed, CRC , LCPC
Verified Verified
Bozeman, MT 59718
*Taking new clients*Offering Telehealth. I have 30 years of experience in the field of counseling. I enjoy working with adolescents, adults, couples, and families who are seeking compassionate support with anxiety, depression or a challenging transition or experience. I create a space to foster positive growth and strengthen overall quality of life through personal awareness. I believe that each individual has unique gifts and strengths within them, and when given the support and guidance through the counseling process, great progress can be made. My approach is Eclectic in nature, as I use techniques from all schools of therapy.
*Taking new clients*Offering Telehealth. I have 30 years of experience in the field of counseling. I enjoy working with adolescents, adults, couples, and families who are seeking compassionate support with anxiety, depression or a challenging transition or experience. I create a space to foster positive growth and strengthen overall quality of life through personal awareness. I believe that each individual has unique gifts and strengths within them, and when given the support and guidance through the counseling process, great progress can be made. My approach is Eclectic in nature, as I use techniques from all schools of therapy.
(207) 994-8568 View (207) 994-8568
Photo of Sierra Lee, MS, PCLC, Pre-Licensed Professional
Sierra Lee
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS, PCLC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Bozeman, MT 59715
I am accepting new clients..Hi there! my aim is to cultivate a space that fosters authentic connection, healing and curiosity while honoring each person's unique needs and truth. I firmly believe that true healing begins with our relationship with ourselves and blossoms through connections with others. I recognize that life experiences, relationships, and systemic influences can sometimes lead to feeling like you have a lack of control. I wish to assist you in re-establishing a sense of self-autonomy and agency within your life.
I am accepting new clients..Hi there! my aim is to cultivate a space that fosters authentic connection, healing and curiosity while honoring each person's unique needs and truth. I firmly believe that true healing begins with our relationship with ourselves and blossoms through connections with others. I recognize that life experiences, relationships, and systemic influences can sometimes lead to feeling like you have a lack of control. I wish to assist you in re-establishing a sense of self-autonomy and agency within your life.
(406) 500-5292 View (406) 500-5292
Photo of Hannah Bretz, MA, LCPC, Counselor
Hannah Bretz
Counselor, MA, LCPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Bozeman, MT 59718  (Online Only)
Is life starting to feel unmanageable? As someone living with anxiety, you might be grappling with thoughts that no matter how hard you try, it's never enough. Everyday situations can trigger overwhelming feelings, like navigating relationships, and not achieving goals. Perhaps you can't even recall a time when things didn't feel this way. But one thing is certain: you're ready for change. Above all, you're prepared to embrace a new phase of life, one free from insecurity and low self-esteem.
Is life starting to feel unmanageable? As someone living with anxiety, you might be grappling with thoughts that no matter how hard you try, it's never enough. Everyday situations can trigger overwhelming feelings, like navigating relationships, and not achieving goals. Perhaps you can't even recall a time when things didn't feel this way. But one thing is certain: you're ready for change. Above all, you're prepared to embrace a new phase of life, one free from insecurity and low self-esteem.
(406) 506-5877 View (406) 506-5877
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How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Bozeman, MT

400+

Average cost per session

$165

Therapists in Bozeman, MT who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
86% Depression
80% Self Esteem
78% Relationship Issues
75% Trauma and PTSD
71% Coping Skills
71% Stress

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

96% BlueCross and BlueShield
82% Allegiance
81% PacificSource

How Therapists in Bozeman, MT see their clients

83% In Person and Online
17% Online Only

Gender breakdown

83% Female
16% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Bozeman?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.