Therapists in 85381

Photo of Del Soul Counseling & Wellness, Psychologist in 85381, AZ
Del Soul Counseling & Wellness
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Peoria, AZ 85381
I am a Clinical Psychologist and owner of Del Soul Counseling & Wellness in Peoria. At our growing center we have experienced psychotherapists with a wide range of specialties, including, Hypnotherapy, Somatic Experiencing (SE), Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT), Internal Family Systems (IFS), substance abuse, sex and love addiction. In the fall we are adding couples therapy.
I am a Clinical Psychologist and owner of Del Soul Counseling & Wellness in Peoria. At our growing center we have experienced psychotherapists with a wide range of specialties, including, Hypnotherapy, Somatic Experiencing (SE), Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT), Internal Family Systems (IFS), substance abuse, sex and love addiction. In the fall we are adding couples therapy.
(623) 335-0255 View (623) 335-0255
Photo of Audrianna Patterson, Licensed Professional Counselor in 85381, AZ
Audrianna Patterson
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
Peoria, AZ 85381
Waitlist for new clients
Trauma, anxiety, depression, life and faith transitions, stress, substance use concerns, relational struggles... All things that can impact ALL of us at one time or another. These are some examples of areas where I can help you move through and move forward, to lead a fuller life. I am a Certified First Responder Counselor and have a passion for working with first responders & their families (13+). My practice also focuses on working with individuals who have complex PTSD.
Trauma, anxiety, depression, life and faith transitions, stress, substance use concerns, relational struggles... All things that can impact ALL of us at one time or another. These are some examples of areas where I can help you move through and move forward, to lead a fuller life. I am a Certified First Responder Counselor and have a passion for working with first responders & their families (13+). My practice also focuses on working with individuals who have complex PTSD.
(623) 257-8669 View (623) 257-8669
Photo of Jennifer Jones, Licensed Professional Counselor in 85381, AZ
Jennifer Jones
Licensed Professional Counselor, MSPC, LPC, LISAC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Peoria, AZ 85381
Holding it all together is something you used to do... but you feel you have lost the ability to manage your life since the pandemic .... You feel depressed, on edge, overly sensitive...not to mention the 3 AM crazies. The highs and lows seem so extreme! You realize you are more agitated and cannot feel "present." You may be looking for relief more often by numbing out with the latest binge-- alcohol or Netflix...does it even matter anymore? "Is this all there is? Where did I go? How did I get here?" If any of this sounds familiar, there is hope and I can help!
Holding it all together is something you used to do... but you feel you have lost the ability to manage your life since the pandemic .... You feel depressed, on edge, overly sensitive...not to mention the 3 AM crazies. The highs and lows seem so extreme! You realize you are more agitated and cannot feel "present." You may be looking for relief more often by numbing out with the latest binge-- alcohol or Netflix...does it even matter anymore? "Is this all there is? Where did I go? How did I get here?" If any of this sounds familiar, there is hope and I can help!
(602) 461-7982 View (602) 461-7982
Photo of Heather de Soler, Psychologist in 85381, AZ
Heather de Soler
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Peoria, AZ 85381
Have the stresses of daily life including relationship issues, on the job issues, college life, or physical health become overwhelming? I am part of a group practice specializing in total stress reduction, offering a variety of services aimed towards inner peace and tranquility. Our full range of services includes: anti-aging remedies, holistic energy healing, massage, chiropractic and naturopath medicine. Our philosophy views emotional and physical health as continuously interwoven aspects of our behaviors and moods. I employ alternative therapies such as EMDR and "Brain Rewiring" techniques to move individuals to a balanced and more deeply understood self.
Have the stresses of daily life including relationship issues, on the job issues, college life, or physical health become overwhelming? I am part of a group practice specializing in total stress reduction, offering a variety of services aimed towards inner peace and tranquility. Our full range of services includes: anti-aging remedies, holistic energy healing, massage, chiropractic and naturopath medicine. Our philosophy views emotional and physical health as continuously interwoven aspects of our behaviors and moods. I employ alternative therapies such as EMDR and "Brain Rewiring" techniques to move individuals to a balanced and more deeply understood self.
(623) 462-2487 View (623) 462-2487
Photo of Machado Therapy and Wellness, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 85381, AZ
Machado Therapy and Wellness
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, BC-TMH
Verified Verified
Peoria, AZ 85381  (Online Only)
First I want to congratulate you on looking for help, I know it can be hard. If you have been feeling like your are not experiencing your life because of anxiety, depression, relationship problem, or the effects of the past, I would love to talk to you. It can be difficult to think about of talk through these problems. Often time it feel like there is no hope, or way of moving forwards. However, I know that together we can create a safe environment to help you work through whatever it is life is throwing at you.
First I want to congratulate you on looking for help, I know it can be hard. If you have been feeling like your are not experiencing your life because of anxiety, depression, relationship problem, or the effects of the past, I would love to talk to you. It can be difficult to think about of talk through these problems. Often time it feel like there is no hope, or way of moving forwards. However, I know that together we can create a safe environment to help you work through whatever it is life is throwing at you.
(623) 300-1978 View (623) 300-1978
Photo of Inside Out Therapy + Consulting, Licensed Professional Counselor in 85381, AZ
Inside Out Therapy + Consulting
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Peoria, AZ 85381
Throughout the years, life events, both big and small, are inevitable. These events challenge and shape who we are and how we respond to others and situations. Occasionally, we begin to have abnormal responses to people or situations that others would most likely not have. These responses can affect a multitude of areas in our lives. This can cause higher levels of depression, anxiety, OCD, negative self-esteem, weight gain/loss, and even suicidal thoughts.
Throughout the years, life events, both big and small, are inevitable. These events challenge and shape who we are and how we respond to others and situations. Occasionally, we begin to have abnormal responses to people or situations that others would most likely not have. These responses can affect a multitude of areas in our lives. This can cause higher levels of depression, anxiety, OCD, negative self-esteem, weight gain/loss, and even suicidal thoughts.
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Photo of Simply Empowered Counseling, Licensed Professional Counselor in 85381, AZ
Simply Empowered Counseling
Licensed Professional Counselor, MSc, NCC, LPC, CTMH
Verified Verified
Peoria, AZ 85381
We are a practice of therapists with specialized training in trauma work and have worked with people struggling with a variety of symptoms including PTSD, anxiety, depression, anger issues, relationship issues, and others. We also have specialized training as a Holistic Nutrition Practitioner to help incorporate healthy nutrition for physical and mental health. Clients are happy to learn they can heal from trauma, restoring hope, self-esteem, self-care, energy, peace, intimacy, and health.
We are a practice of therapists with specialized training in trauma work and have worked with people struggling with a variety of symptoms including PTSD, anxiety, depression, anger issues, relationship issues, and others. We also have specialized training as a Holistic Nutrition Practitioner to help incorporate healthy nutrition for physical and mental health. Clients are happy to learn they can heal from trauma, restoring hope, self-esteem, self-care, energy, peace, intimacy, and health.
(480) 568-1264 View (480) 568-1264
Photo of Brenda Paluc, Psychologist in 85381, AZ
Brenda Paluc
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Peoria, AZ 85381  (Online Only)
I am a Licensed Clinical Psychologist providing telehealth/secure video services to adults. I specialize in the treatment of anxiety and depression but can also help with several other issues including navigating life changes. My approach is warm and client-centered in nature and I tailor my therapy to the individual needs of each client. I use several components of cognitive-behavioral therapy to help my clients cope with and decrease their symptoms and better manage life stress. If you would like a phone consultation to see if we would be a good fit, send me an email with the best times to contact you and I will reach out.
I am a Licensed Clinical Psychologist providing telehealth/secure video services to adults. I specialize in the treatment of anxiety and depression but can also help with several other issues including navigating life changes. My approach is warm and client-centered in nature and I tailor my therapy to the individual needs of each client. I use several components of cognitive-behavioral therapy to help my clients cope with and decrease their symptoms and better manage life stress. If you would like a phone consultation to see if we would be a good fit, send me an email with the best times to contact you and I will reach out.
(602) 362-9413 View (602) 362-9413
Photo of Eduardo Corona Torres, Licensed Professional Counselor in 85381, AZ
Eduardo Corona Torres
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, MBA, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Peoria, AZ 85381
I utilize a Cognitive Behavioral Therapy approach (CBT) to help clients identify their internal strengths and ability to function productively despite facing life's challenges and, to live a more meaningful, purposeful, and productive life. ---Uso el modelo de Terapia Cognoscitiva Conductual (CBT) para ayudar a los clientes a identificar sus fuertes internos y habilidad de funcionar productivamente aun con los desafíos de la vida y, para vivir una vida mas significante, productiva y con propósito.
I utilize a Cognitive Behavioral Therapy approach (CBT) to help clients identify their internal strengths and ability to function productively despite facing life's challenges and, to live a more meaningful, purposeful, and productive life. ---Uso el modelo de Terapia Cognoscitiva Conductual (CBT) para ayudar a los clientes a identificar sus fuertes internos y habilidad de funcionar productivamente aun con los desafíos de la vida y, para vivir una vida mas significante, productiva y con propósito.
(623) 400-6732 View (623) 400-6732
Photo of Debra Konecni, Licensed Professional Counselor in 85381, AZ
Debra Konecni
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Peoria, AZ 85381  (Online Only)
Debra Konecni is a Licensed Professional Counselor who specializes in working with clients who have experienced a traumatic event — especially anyone who has experienced any type of child abuse or sexual abuse.
Debra Konecni is a Licensed Professional Counselor who specializes in working with clients who have experienced a traumatic event — especially anyone who has experienced any type of child abuse or sexual abuse.
(623) 343-1579 View (623) 343-1579
Photo of Dawn Marie Bellingham, Licensed Professional Counselor in 85381, AZ
Dawn Marie Bellingham
Licensed Professional Counselor, MAPC, LPC, CSAT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Peoria, AZ 85381
Welcome to Grace & Gratitude Counseling, PLLC. My desire is that you will find hope and healing throughout your journey. I have been working in the mental health and addiction field for 15 years. Additionally, I have worked in the education field for over 20 years. My expertise includes working in the areas of Christian counseling, trauma work, experiential therapy, mental health, relationships, family, and addiction. I also have a passion for working with adolescents and young adults. I spent time at the junior high and high school level teaching English, working as a guidance counselor, and as a social worker.
Welcome to Grace & Gratitude Counseling, PLLC. My desire is that you will find hope and healing throughout your journey. I have been working in the mental health and addiction field for 15 years. Additionally, I have worked in the education field for over 20 years. My expertise includes working in the areas of Christian counseling, trauma work, experiential therapy, mental health, relationships, family, and addiction. I also have a passion for working with adolescents and young adults. I spent time at the junior high and high school level teaching English, working as a guidance counselor, and as a social worker.
(602) 497-0121 View (602) 497-0121
Photo of Valerie Girod, Licensed Professional Counselor in 85381, AZ
Valerie Girod
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Peoria, AZ 85381
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor and I have offices in Peoria, Avondale, and Scottsdale Arizona. I graduated from the University of Oklahoma. I have 18 years of experience in the social service field and have been a Clinical Director for several programs in the valley, but enjoy providing therapy to individuals and families the most. I work with children, adolescents, and adults providing individual, couples, and family therapy. I understand that taking the first step towards getting help can be the most difficult and look forward to gaining your trust and helping you regain peace in your life.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor and I have offices in Peoria, Avondale, and Scottsdale Arizona. I graduated from the University of Oklahoma. I have 18 years of experience in the social service field and have been a Clinical Director for several programs in the valley, but enjoy providing therapy to individuals and families the most. I work with children, adolescents, and adults providing individual, couples, and family therapy. I understand that taking the first step towards getting help can be the most difficult and look forward to gaining your trust and helping you regain peace in your life.
(520) 549-3083 View (520) 549-3083
Photo of Cassidy Gallimore, Counselor in 85381, AZ
Cassidy Gallimore
Counselor, LPC, CFRC, CMCC
Verified Verified
Peoria, AZ 85381
Not accepting new clients
Are you a First Responder, Military/Veteran, or medical professional constantly witnessing human suffering, risking your life for others, have an intense work-load, make life or death decisions regularly, have severe anxiety, constant stress, depression, PTSD, childhood trauma, have suicidal or unwanted thoughts, relational issues, fail to communicate effectively or appropriately? Are you a family member to one of these mentioned professions? These are few of many things I can help reduce the symptoms of that may be controlling your life and keeping you from living happily and fulfilled. Lets find growth in your storm!
Are you a First Responder, Military/Veteran, or medical professional constantly witnessing human suffering, risking your life for others, have an intense work-load, make life or death decisions regularly, have severe anxiety, constant stress, depression, PTSD, childhood trauma, have suicidal or unwanted thoughts, relational issues, fail to communicate effectively or appropriately? Are you a family member to one of these mentioned professions? These are few of many things I can help reduce the symptoms of that may be controlling your life and keeping you from living happily and fulfilled. Lets find growth in your storm!
(623) 263-5427 View (623) 263-5427
Photo of Traci Manry, Licensed Professional Counselor in 85381, AZ
Traci Manry
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Peoria, AZ 85381
I have a wait list currently....Many people struggle with shame. Shame is the belief "something is wrong with you". You know that nagging voice that shows up from time to time telling you "You're not good enough". Shame comes from our experiences in life. Each experience especially in our younger years creates beliefs about ourselves which can create struggles including depression, anxiety and low self esteem.
I have a wait list currently....Many people struggle with shame. Shame is the belief "something is wrong with you". You know that nagging voice that shows up from time to time telling you "You're not good enough". Shame comes from our experiences in life. Each experience especially in our younger years creates beliefs about ourselves which can create struggles including depression, anxiety and low self esteem.
(602) 932-7839 View (602) 932-7839
Photo of Karen Ferguson, Licensed Professional Counselor in 85381, AZ
Karen Ferguson
Licensed Professional Counselor, PsyD
Verified Verified
Peoria, AZ 85381  (Online Only)
Dr. Karen Ferguson is a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) and Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor (LPCC) in both Arizona and California with over 35 years of experience. She has worked with individuals of all ages and families who are coping with issues such as anxiety, depression, trauma, grief, parenting, low self-esteem, attachment issues, relationship issues, bipolar disorder, and abuse. She has significant experience working with those who have suffered child abuse and those who have lived through foster care. I offer counseling and talk therapy services; however, I do not currently offer psychological testing.
Dr. Karen Ferguson is a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) and Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor (LPCC) in both Arizona and California with over 35 years of experience. She has worked with individuals of all ages and families who are coping with issues such as anxiety, depression, trauma, grief, parenting, low self-esteem, attachment issues, relationship issues, bipolar disorder, and abuse. She has significant experience working with those who have suffered child abuse and those who have lived through foster care. I offer counseling and talk therapy services; however, I do not currently offer psychological testing.
(623) 462-1319 View (623) 462-1319
Photo of Anna Miller, Licensed Professional Counselor in 85381, AZ
Anna Miller
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, BC-TMH, MAC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Peoria, AZ 85381
I believe we are all born our true authentic selves but often life gets in the way! Our childhood experiences, day-to-day life, and relationships impact us along the way. I work with clients to sort through the clutter in our minds to understand the meaning. I love to help clients get “unstuck,” close the loop of past traumas, and stop the rumination. “Let go of who you think you’re supposed to be; embrace who you are.”-Brene Brown
I believe we are all born our true authentic selves but often life gets in the way! Our childhood experiences, day-to-day life, and relationships impact us along the way. I work with clients to sort through the clutter in our minds to understand the meaning. I love to help clients get “unstuck,” close the loop of past traumas, and stop the rumination. “Let go of who you think you’re supposed to be; embrace who you are.”-Brene Brown
(623) 294-8729 View (623) 294-8729
Photo of Kristina McDonald, Counselor in 85381, AZ
Kristina McDonald
Counselor, MA, LAC, CCPT, NERPSC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Peoria, AZ 85381
As retired law enforcement with a military upbringing, I understand the toll this service can have on ourselves, our relationships, our families, and our outlook on community. I focus on post-traumatic stress, first responder/military trauma, childhood/adult trauma, process addictions, substance abuse issues, grief and loss, anxiety, depression, and anger. I have a passion for working with and reducing the effects of trauma.
As retired law enforcement with a military upbringing, I understand the toll this service can have on ourselves, our relationships, our families, and our outlook on community. I focus on post-traumatic stress, first responder/military trauma, childhood/adult trauma, process addictions, substance abuse issues, grief and loss, anxiety, depression, and anger. I have a passion for working with and reducing the effects of trauma.
(623) 288-4158 View (623) 288-4158
Photo of RONIC Psychological Services, LLC, Psychologist in 85381, AZ
RONIC Psychological Services, LLC
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Peoria, AZ 85381
In an effort to bridge the gaps which exist within the current mental health treatment and evaluation process, my psychiatrist partner and I have developed a comprehensive model which utilizes an interdisciplinary approach that combines the specialized work of psychology and psychiatry all in one agency. Prior to the development of our agency, my partner and I individually provided evaluation and treatment services in a variety of diverse settings throughout Maricopa County and abroad for over 10 years. Our interdisciplinary approach yields a useful product which benefits our colleagues and members of our community.
In an effort to bridge the gaps which exist within the current mental health treatment and evaluation process, my psychiatrist partner and I have developed a comprehensive model which utilizes an interdisciplinary approach that combines the specialized work of psychology and psychiatry all in one agency. Prior to the development of our agency, my partner and I individually provided evaluation and treatment services in a variety of diverse settings throughout Maricopa County and abroad for over 10 years. Our interdisciplinary approach yields a useful product which benefits our colleagues and members of our community.
(623) 455-5697 View (623) 455-5697
Photo of Tena Thomas, Licensed Professional Counselor in 85381, AZ
Tena Thomas
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Peoria, AZ 85381  (Online Only)
Has fighting with emotions, planning your day around triggers, or feeling distracted and overstimulated become part of your everyday life? Maybe it feels like you can't quite get things right and you're searching for a deeper understanding of what's holding you back. It can be difficult to keep moving, especially when you have frequent symptoms. In our sessions, we will dive deep to uncover the messages you have absorbed from other people and give your inner child some love. We will laugh, cry, and learn together, all while guiding you towards healing.
Has fighting with emotions, planning your day around triggers, or feeling distracted and overstimulated become part of your everyday life? Maybe it feels like you can't quite get things right and you're searching for a deeper understanding of what's holding you back. It can be difficult to keep moving, especially when you have frequent symptoms. In our sessions, we will dive deep to uncover the messages you have absorbed from other people and give your inner child some love. We will laugh, cry, and learn together, all while guiding you towards healing.
(928) 770-6340 View (928) 770-6340
Photo of Sonoran Life Solutions, Licensed Professional Counselor in 85381, AZ
Sonoran Life Solutions
Licensed Professional Counselor
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Peoria, AZ 85381
Sonoran Life Solutions is an outpatient counseling office with locations in Peoria and Goodyear. We offer some of the lowest private pay rates: $100 to see a Independently Licensed Therapist and $65 to see our amazing Life Coach or our counseling interns. We are a group of 21. We are licensed through the AZBBHE. We provide individual, couples, and family therapy. We are open Mon-Fri 7a-9p and Sat from 8a-5p. We accept almost all insurance plans. We also accept most Employee Assistance Programs. SLS believes in making counseling services affordable for those who need it.
Sonoran Life Solutions is an outpatient counseling office with locations in Peoria and Goodyear. We offer some of the lowest private pay rates: $100 to see a Independently Licensed Therapist and $65 to see our amazing Life Coach or our counseling interns. We are a group of 21. We are licensed through the AZBBHE. We provide individual, couples, and family therapy. We are open Mon-Fri 7a-9p and Sat from 8a-5p. We accept almost all insurance plans. We also accept most Employee Assistance Programs. SLS believes in making counseling services affordable for those who need it.
(623) 777-7270 View (623) 777-7270

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 85381

50+

Average cost per session

$145

Therapists in 85381 who prioritize treating:

96% Depression
90% Anxiety
85% Trauma and PTSD
81% Self Esteem
79% Relationship Issues
71% Coping Skills
65% Stress

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

97% Aetna
85% BlueCross and BlueShield
72% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 85381 see their clients

79% In Person and Online
21% Online Only

Gender breakdown

81% Female
17% Male
2% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 85381?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.