Photo of Dr. Laura Cyran, Psychologist in 10706, NY
Dr. Laura Cyran
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Hastings on Hudson, NY 10706  (Online Only)
If you struggle with frequent "what if" thoughts, intrusive thoughts, or feeling like you are always trying to manage or control your anxiety, I want you to know that relief is possible. I specialize in working with teens and adults with generalized anxiety, social anxiety, perfectionism, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic attacks, procrastination, and high-pressure academic or occupational environments. My guess is that if you struggle with these, you have been working very hard to feel better. I would love to work with you to develop new, evidence-backed strategies to respond to your anxiety and find relief.
If you struggle with frequent "what if" thoughts, intrusive thoughts, or feeling like you are always trying to manage or control your anxiety, I want you to know that relief is possible. I specialize in working with teens and adults with generalized anxiety, social anxiety, perfectionism, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic attacks, procrastination, and high-pressure academic or occupational environments. My guess is that if you struggle with these, you have been working very hard to feel better. I would love to work with you to develop new, evidence-backed strategies to respond to your anxiety and find relief.
(914) 786-6634 View (914) 786-6634
Photo of Ellen Theg, Licensed Psychoanalyst in 10706, NY
Ellen Theg
Licensed Psychoanalyst
Verified Verified
Do you struggle with loss from death, divorce, relocation, aging, illness? Come out of isolation and heal. We will work together to move through your grief and find a resolution for your pain and a return to joyful living. Discover and work through your unfinished business, manage upsetting emotions and bring a balance to your thoughts and feelings. I'm a gestalt therapist, and my methods employ deep listening and creating scenarios to bring your issues to life during our sessions. Compassionate confrontation and education about emotions are central aspects of my work. And safety is my hallmark.
Do you struggle with loss from death, divorce, relocation, aging, illness? Come out of isolation and heal. We will work together to move through your grief and find a resolution for your pain and a return to joyful living. Discover and work through your unfinished business, manage upsetting emotions and bring a balance to your thoughts and feelings. I'm a gestalt therapist, and my methods employ deep listening and creating scenarios to bring your issues to life during our sessions. Compassionate confrontation and education about emotions are central aspects of my work. And safety is my hallmark.
(914) 417-4435 View (914) 417-4435
Photo of LeRoy L Ennis, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10706, NY
LeRoy L Ennis
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hello! My name is LeRoy Ennis. I am a licensed clinical social worker with 20 years of experience. I know that life can be overwhelming at times and I am here to help you navigate through the different challenges that life can present. I am experienced in working with individuals who struggle with anxiety, depression and phase of life issues. I am certified in DBT and I am trained in Parent Management, TF-CBT. I also hold a post graduate certificate in CBT.
Hello! My name is LeRoy Ennis. I am a licensed clinical social worker with 20 years of experience. I know that life can be overwhelming at times and I am here to help you navigate through the different challenges that life can present. I am experienced in working with individuals who struggle with anxiety, depression and phase of life issues. I am certified in DBT and I am trained in Parent Management, TF-CBT. I also hold a post graduate certificate in CBT.
(914) 809-8760 View (914) 809-8760
Photo of Joyce Bluestone, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10706, NY
Joyce Bluestone
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, R
Verified Verified
Looking and finding a therapist can simultaneously be a daunting and hopeful process. Perhaps you're wondering How does therapy work? I believe it's our ability to create an authentic relationship as patient and therapist that matters most. We are two equal participants working to solve the problems you are struggling with. The goals are that you will know yourself better, develop the tools to change and accept those parts of yourself that get in the way of living, working and loving well.
Looking and finding a therapist can simultaneously be a daunting and hopeful process. Perhaps you're wondering How does therapy work? I believe it's our ability to create an authentic relationship as patient and therapist that matters most. We are two equal participants working to solve the problems you are struggling with. The goals are that you will know yourself better, develop the tools to change and accept those parts of yourself that get in the way of living, working and loving well.
(914) 902-8768 View (914) 902-8768
Photo of Joanne Loeb, Psychologist in 10706, NY
Joanne Loeb
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
I have enjoyed working with children and adults for over 20 years in clinical and educational settings, including as a faculty member in pediatrics at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine. My therapy sessions respect the unique experience of each family member and help facilitate insight and provide strategies leading to positive change. I work with children and teens with anxiety, social and academic challenges and difficulties with emotion regulation using talk therapy, play therapy, family therapy, and child-parent psychotherapy. I am also a certified trainer in Parent-Child Interaction Therapy.
I have enjoyed working with children and adults for over 20 years in clinical and educational settings, including as a faculty member in pediatrics at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine. My therapy sessions respect the unique experience of each family member and help facilitate insight and provide strategies leading to positive change. I work with children and teens with anxiety, social and academic challenges and difficulties with emotion regulation using talk therapy, play therapy, family therapy, and child-parent psychotherapy. I am also a certified trainer in Parent-Child Interaction Therapy.
(914) 574-2861 View (914) 574-2861
Photo of Lori Walsh, Psychologist in 10706, NY
Lori Walsh
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
A clinical psychologist with experience in both hospital settings and private practice, I develop a compassionate and non-judgmental rapport with people. The course of treatment is never doctrinaire or pre-determined, but dependent on the patient's temperament, life history and goals. If a patient is seeking treatment that is more ruminative and exploratory: that's fine. If a patient feels that an active and problem solving therapy holds promise, that's fine too. The essential thread, across any particular approach, is to link the narrative of a patient's life to behavioral patterns and improved choices, which reduces anxiety and heightens fulfillment.
A clinical psychologist with experience in both hospital settings and private practice, I develop a compassionate and non-judgmental rapport with people. The course of treatment is never doctrinaire or pre-determined, but dependent on the patient's temperament, life history and goals. If a patient is seeking treatment that is more ruminative and exploratory: that's fine. If a patient feels that an active and problem solving therapy holds promise, that's fine too. The essential thread, across any particular approach, is to link the narrative of a patient's life to behavioral patterns and improved choices, which reduces anxiety and heightens fulfillment.
(914) 215-5019 View (914) 215-5019
Photo of Alan Wineburgh, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10706, NY
Alan Wineburgh
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Hastings on Hudson, NY 10706  (Online Only)
Psychotherapy offers a rather unique opportunity for an individual to get to know themselves better and to lead a more fulfilling life. We all get stuck in old patterns that are frustrating and self-defeating. It is the goal of therapy to unlock these patterns and allow for a new relationship to yourself and others. I love my role as a guide on this path, set by the individual, which clears over time with growing self awareness and agency. I seek to provide warmth, safety, and understanding as we collaborate to resolve the problems that bring someone into treatment.
Psychotherapy offers a rather unique opportunity for an individual to get to know themselves better and to lead a more fulfilling life. We all get stuck in old patterns that are frustrating and self-defeating. It is the goal of therapy to unlock these patterns and allow for a new relationship to yourself and others. I love my role as a guide on this path, set by the individual, which clears over time with growing self awareness and agency. I seek to provide warmth, safety, and understanding as we collaborate to resolve the problems that bring someone into treatment.
(914) 350-4420 View (914) 350-4420
Photo of Daryl Feinfeld, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10706, NY
Daryl Feinfeld
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
People are best treated in a relaxed, comfortable environment with a knowledgeable and caring therapist. I am a well-trained, experienced psychotherapist with a prior background in nursing. My nursing training has given me not only a dedication to caring for patients but also a working knowledge of different medical problems and how they can seriously disrupt a person's life. In treating my patients, I have expertise and training in a number of different approaches, including individual, family, and couples therapy, and Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR). These skills help my patients maximize their strengths.
People are best treated in a relaxed, comfortable environment with a knowledgeable and caring therapist. I am a well-trained, experienced psychotherapist with a prior background in nursing. My nursing training has given me not only a dedication to caring for patients but also a working knowledge of different medical problems and how they can seriously disrupt a person's life. In treating my patients, I have expertise and training in a number of different approaches, including individual, family, and couples therapy, and Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR). These skills help my patients maximize their strengths.
(914) 712-8193 View (914) 712-8193
Photo of Donna Moss, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10706, NY
Donna Moss
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, LCSW-R
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Hastings on Hudson, NY 10706  (Online Only)
In a caring home-office I offer supportive, practical, goal-oriented, cognitive behavioral (CBT) and dialectical behavioral (DBT) psychotherapy for accepting and processing what's past and embracing what's next with wisdom and ease. With 25+ years of experience in areas such as: infertility, cancer, health, stress, relationships, divorce mediation, family therapy, meditation and yoga, depression/anxiety and wellness, work/life balance, I have a strong understanding life's transitions, especially with teens, young adults and families. My hours are flexible. The first appointment will be helpful in understanding the client's history and desires and determining if the rapport is comfortable.
In a caring home-office I offer supportive, practical, goal-oriented, cognitive behavioral (CBT) and dialectical behavioral (DBT) psychotherapy for accepting and processing what's past and embracing what's next with wisdom and ease. With 25+ years of experience in areas such as: infertility, cancer, health, stress, relationships, divorce mediation, family therapy, meditation and yoga, depression/anxiety and wellness, work/life balance, I have a strong understanding life's transitions, especially with teens, young adults and families. My hours are flexible. The first appointment will be helpful in understanding the client's history and desires and determining if the rapport is comfortable.
(914) 873-4861 View (914) 873-4861
Photo of Ron Moss, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10706, NY
Ron Moss
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, Esq, LCSW
Verified Verified
Hastings on Hudson, NY 10706  (Online Only)
I am a NY licensed clinical social worker, business attorney and Buddhist practitioner, with more than 30 years' experience. With a holistic perspective, I use mindfulness, meditation, CBT, DBT and integrative therapies to help you be proactive rather than reactive. I have formal training in mediation, contracts, divorce, family conflict, couples, men's transitions, adolescent development, negotiation and anger management. I have additional training in win-win business structures and entrepreneurial matters, family business conflict, depression, anxiety and the stresses of work, family and life. Hours are flexible
I am a NY licensed clinical social worker, business attorney and Buddhist practitioner, with more than 30 years' experience. With a holistic perspective, I use mindfulness, meditation, CBT, DBT and integrative therapies to help you be proactive rather than reactive. I have formal training in mediation, contracts, divorce, family conflict, couples, men's transitions, adolescent development, negotiation and anger management. I have additional training in win-win business structures and entrepreneurial matters, family business conflict, depression, anxiety and the stresses of work, family and life. Hours are flexible
(914) 326-2948 View (914) 326-2948
Photo of Amy J Colley, Psychologist in 10706, NY
Amy J Colley
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
I am a New York state licensed clinical psychologist with extensive experience treating adults with a variety of disorders such as depression, anxiety and substance use disorders. Prior to full-time private practice, I was the director of admissions at the Division of Substance Abuse at Albert Einstein College of Medicine in the Bronx, overseeing admissions at nine clinics serving over 4,000 patients. I recently joined a boutique addiction center in midtown Manhattan called Wholeview.
I am a New York state licensed clinical psychologist with extensive experience treating adults with a variety of disorders such as depression, anxiety and substance use disorders. Prior to full-time private practice, I was the director of admissions at the Division of Substance Abuse at Albert Einstein College of Medicine in the Bronx, overseeing admissions at nine clinics serving over 4,000 patients. I recently joined a boutique addiction center in midtown Manhattan called Wholeview.
(914) 930-6835 View (914) 930-6835
Photo of Monica Rickenberg, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10706, NY
Monica Rickenberg
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Hastings on Hudson, NY 10706  (Online Only)
I help people see and appreciate their strengths. When we are compassionate with ourselves, we discover that even aspects of our personalities that get in our way have developed for good reasons. This understanding tends to quiet our self-criticism, opening the door for creative problem-solving and growth. As Carl Rogers famously said, “The curious paradox is that when I accept myself just as I am, then I can change.”
I help people see and appreciate their strengths. When we are compassionate with ourselves, we discover that even aspects of our personalities that get in our way have developed for good reasons. This understanding tends to quiet our self-criticism, opening the door for creative problem-solving and growth. As Carl Rogers famously said, “The curious paradox is that when I accept myself just as I am, then I can change.”
(914) 673-1918 View (914) 673-1918
Photo of Patricia M Murphy in 10706, NY
Patricia M Murphy
LMHC
Verified Verified
Waitlist for new clients
I am compassionate, approachable and practical, working toward empowering clients to learn healthy coping skills to develop a deeper understanding of themselves and their relationships. I work collaboratively with individuals, providing a safe and warm environment allowing them to explore issues that may interfere with their daily lives or where they may be feeling stuck. We look at ways of increasing confidence, developing more satisfying relationships, learning new coping skills by exploring possible self defeating patterns and areas for growth.
I am compassionate, approachable and practical, working toward empowering clients to learn healthy coping skills to develop a deeper understanding of themselves and their relationships. I work collaboratively with individuals, providing a safe and warm environment allowing them to explore issues that may interfere with their daily lives or where they may be feeling stuck. We look at ways of increasing confidence, developing more satisfying relationships, learning new coping skills by exploring possible self defeating patterns and areas for growth.
(914) 533-1809 View (914) 533-1809
Photo of Jessica Shechter, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10706, NY
Jessica Shechter
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Are there areas where you feel stuck? Are there things you want for yourself that feel unattainable? Do you feel misunderstood by most of the people in your life? Have relationships become difficult to manage? As we work together, I will be there to listen and accept different parts of yourself. You will get to know yourself better. We will begin to uncover what is getting in the way.
Are there areas where you feel stuck? Are there things you want for yourself that feel unattainable? Do you feel misunderstood by most of the people in your life? Have relationships become difficult to manage? As we work together, I will be there to listen and accept different parts of yourself. You will get to know yourself better. We will begin to uncover what is getting in the way.
(347) 797-5865 View (347) 797-5865
Photo of Deirdre Drohan Forbes, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10706, NY
Deirdre Drohan Forbes
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Congratulations, you've taken the first step toward emotional well-being. Seeking help is a sign of strength. The past few years have been a disorienting and tumultuous time. With recent landmark rulings it doesn't look like it will be getting easier anytime soon. But you don't have to go through it alone. I believe you'll find me empathic, curious and as a client once told me, "You care and you keep it real." I believe this to be true because this is my second career. My life experience has enabled me to walk in many people's shoes. Now I'd like to walk beside you on your journey.
Congratulations, you've taken the first step toward emotional well-being. Seeking help is a sign of strength. The past few years have been a disorienting and tumultuous time. With recent landmark rulings it doesn't look like it will be getting easier anytime soon. But you don't have to go through it alone. I believe you'll find me empathic, curious and as a client once told me, "You care and you keep it real." I believe this to be true because this is my second career. My life experience has enabled me to walk in many people's shoes. Now I'd like to walk beside you on your journey.
(347) 609-7101 View (347) 609-7101
Photo of Tina M Reiser, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10706, NY
Tina M Reiser
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Though people can share similar life experiences the impact of these experiences is unique to each individual. Together we will help you gain insights to how your unique early relationships and experiences are informing your current relationships, feelings, thoughts and behaviors. We will focus on understanding your difficulties, how you protect yourself from painful feelings and how this might be interfering with your relationships and enjoyment of life. We will identify your strengths to guide you towards new ways of coping with stressors and reducing your anxiety and depression. Most importantly you will learn self-compassion.
Though people can share similar life experiences the impact of these experiences is unique to each individual. Together we will help you gain insights to how your unique early relationships and experiences are informing your current relationships, feelings, thoughts and behaviors. We will focus on understanding your difficulties, how you protect yourself from painful feelings and how this might be interfering with your relationships and enjoyment of life. We will identify your strengths to guide you towards new ways of coping with stressors and reducing your anxiety and depression. Most importantly you will learn self-compassion.
(914) 477-2260 View (914) 477-2260
Photo of Maryann R Manchester, Marriage & Family Therapist in 10706, NY
Maryann R Manchester
Marriage & Family Therapist, MSLMFT
Verified Verified
"We can talk it out". I do believe in the talking cure. Once you've shared your problem with me the burden will not be all on you. Life is not easy but having healthy relationships make it all worthwhile. Feeling alone is overwhelming and not necessary when you can get support from your therapist. Let me help you feel better about yourself. Once you feel stronger you will be more confident in your relationships. You cannot change anyone but yourself. I can help you make changes in life that will promote satisfying changes in your relationships
"We can talk it out". I do believe in the talking cure. Once you've shared your problem with me the burden will not be all on you. Life is not easy but having healthy relationships make it all worthwhile. Feeling alone is overwhelming and not necessary when you can get support from your therapist. Let me help you feel better about yourself. Once you feel stronger you will be more confident in your relationships. You cannot change anyone but yourself. I can help you make changes in life that will promote satisfying changes in your relationships
(914) 380-3993 View (914) 380-3993
Photo of Sharon Weiss, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10706, NY
Sharon Weiss
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Welcome to an extraordinary opportunity for self-discovery and personal growth. Unleash the transformative power of self-acceptance and self-care through understanding your values, beliefs, and emotions. Cultivate profound relationships, find purpose, and experience genuine fulfillment. With over 20 years of expertise, I specialize in trauma recovery, depression, anxiety, parenting support, addiction counseling, ADHD, family dynamics, couples therapy, and divorce guidance. Tailored approaches empower you to improve relationships, achieve career success, and enhance self-confidence.
Welcome to an extraordinary opportunity for self-discovery and personal growth. Unleash the transformative power of self-acceptance and self-care through understanding your values, beliefs, and emotions. Cultivate profound relationships, find purpose, and experience genuine fulfillment. With over 20 years of expertise, I specialize in trauma recovery, depression, anxiety, parenting support, addiction counseling, ADHD, family dynamics, couples therapy, and divorce guidance. Tailored approaches empower you to improve relationships, achieve career success, and enhance self-confidence.
(914) 292-7696 View (914) 292-7696
Photo of Alex Mammadyarov, Counselor in 10706, NY
Alex Mammadyarov
Counselor, LMHC, EdM, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hastings on Hudson, NY 10706  (Online Only)
I believe that by tending to our deepest pains in a nonjudgmental environment where we are truly witnessed, we can adapt and even find the inspiration to embark upon a fulfilling and joyful existence. When you step into my office, know that you can set aside societal pressures to quickly “move on” from your difficult experiences, who or what you have lost, and show up authentically.
I believe that by tending to our deepest pains in a nonjudgmental environment where we are truly witnessed, we can adapt and even find the inspiration to embark upon a fulfilling and joyful existence. When you step into my office, know that you can set aside societal pressures to quickly “move on” from your difficult experiences, who or what you have lost, and show up authentically.
(929) 345-3769 View (929) 345-3769
Photo of David Rabinowitz, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10706, NY
David Rabinowitz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Finding a therapist and feeling comfortable with that person is a very important aspect of getting started. I like to think of therapy as a conversation at the same time knowing that you have goals for your life that will be the focus of our work. I take a very humanistic and interpersonal approach to my practice, which seems to put people at ease.
Finding a therapist and feeling comfortable with that person is a very important aspect of getting started. I like to think of therapy as a conversation at the same time knowing that you have goals for your life that will be the focus of our work. I take a very humanistic and interpersonal approach to my practice, which seems to put people at ease.
(914) 487-3291 View (914) 487-3291

See more therapy options for 10706

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 10706

70+

Average cost per session

$200

Therapists in 10706 who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
90% Relationship Issues
90% Depression
73% Grief
73% Self Esteem
63% Trauma and PTSD
59% Parenting

Average years in practice

23 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

71% Aetna
57% Oxford
54% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 10706 see their clients

70% In Person and Online
30% Online Only

Gender breakdown

74% Female
26% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 10706?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.