Photo of Dov Kugelmass, Psychologist in 06268, CT
Dov Kugelmass
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Storrs, CT 06268  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Currently not accepting new clients, current or former clients please call. I am a licensed psychologist who works with adults of all ages on issues of anxiety, stress reduction, lifestyle and health behavior change, relationship issues, and academic and work success. I collaborate with clients to explore and set goals, prepare for change, and try new ways of approaching life. I believe it is important that clients feel respected and understood in a non-judgmental and growth oriented atmosphere. I am sensitive, respectful, and interested. These qualities help clients feel understood and supported in their unique change process.
Currently not accepting new clients, current or former clients please call. I am a licensed psychologist who works with adults of all ages on issues of anxiety, stress reduction, lifestyle and health behavior change, relationship issues, and academic and work success. I collaborate with clients to explore and set goals, prepare for change, and try new ways of approaching life. I believe it is important that clients feel respected and understood in a non-judgmental and growth oriented atmosphere. I am sensitive, respectful, and interested. These qualities help clients feel understood and supported in their unique change process.
(860) 615-4316 View (860) 615-4316
Photo of Scott William Edington, Psychologist in 06268, CT
Scott William Edington
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Storrs Mansfield, CT 06268  (Online Only)
All people have areas of challenge in their lives. You can improve the quality of your experiences and relationships and develop more self-confidence & self-acceptance. Almost always this is more easily accomplished with therapeutic help and support. ****In addition, if you are experiencing additional stress and PTSD symptoms as a result of Covid issues, I can help you cope. ***If you prefer to seek therapy which does not require using insurance and offers the highest level of privacy, I can provide this.
All people have areas of challenge in their lives. You can improve the quality of your experiences and relationships and develop more self-confidence & self-acceptance. Almost always this is more easily accomplished with therapeutic help and support. ****In addition, if you are experiencing additional stress and PTSD symptoms as a result of Covid issues, I can help you cope. ***If you prefer to seek therapy which does not require using insurance and offers the highest level of privacy, I can provide this.
(959) 207-2851 View (959) 207-2851
Photo of Dr. Stefanie C. F. Toise in 06268, CT
Dr. Stefanie C. F. Toise
PhD, MPH, E-RYT, YACEP, C-IAYT
Verified Verified
Storrs, CT 06268
Are you seeking a compassionate, expert guide to better health and well-being? You might be in pain or feel overwhelmed. I can help. Let's achieve change and transformation together. I have a doctorate in psychology, with 30+ years in healthcare, behavioral health, research, and medical yoga therapy. I can guide you in translating goals into actionable steps so you can improve your quality of life. Conditions may include insufficient sleep, stress, pain, overeating, smoking, autoimmune and cardiovascular issues. My training at Clark, Columbia, and Yale University emphasized a whole-person somatic approach to optimizing well-being.
Are you seeking a compassionate, expert guide to better health and well-being? You might be in pain or feel overwhelmed. I can help. Let's achieve change and transformation together. I have a doctorate in psychology, with 30+ years in healthcare, behavioral health, research, and medical yoga therapy. I can guide you in translating goals into actionable steps so you can improve your quality of life. Conditions may include insufficient sleep, stress, pain, overeating, smoking, autoimmune and cardiovascular issues. My training at Clark, Columbia, and Yale University emphasized a whole-person somatic approach to optimizing well-being.
(860) 901-8013 View (860) 901-8013
Photo of Erica Backmann, Marriage & Family Therapist in 06268, CT
Erica Backmann
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
If you're stuck in a pattern of behavior or thinking that isn't working for you and you want to feel better, I welcome your call! I use traditional psychotherapy as well as acupressure and other body-based techniques to help clients improve quickly. I particularly enjoy working with individuals who are interested in a holistic approach to healing that includes incorporating diet, exercise and mindfulness strategies. I also run groups for men and women throughout the year.
If you're stuck in a pattern of behavior or thinking that isn't working for you and you want to feel better, I welcome your call! I use traditional psychotherapy as well as acupressure and other body-based techniques to help clients improve quickly. I particularly enjoy working with individuals who are interested in a holistic approach to healing that includes incorporating diet, exercise and mindfulness strategies. I also run groups for men and women throughout the year.
(860) 578-2849 View (860) 578-2849
Photo of Tricia Baker, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 06268, CT
Tricia Baker
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CCATP
Verified Verified
Storrs, CT 06268
Is something in your life unmanageable, a pattern that you can see but have no idea how to stop or change? Chronic stress can drain your emotional well-being, leaving you vulnerable to anxiety, depression, unhealthy habits, and many other self-destructive or compulsive behaviors. You might feel trapped, like life is out of control and there is no hope. What if your brain is tricking you into thoughts, feelings and behaviors that are not helpful? I believe it's possible to figure out how to think and act differently, find hope and manage what only feels unmanageable.
Is something in your life unmanageable, a pattern that you can see but have no idea how to stop or change? Chronic stress can drain your emotional well-being, leaving you vulnerable to anxiety, depression, unhealthy habits, and many other self-destructive or compulsive behaviors. You might feel trapped, like life is out of control and there is no hope. What if your brain is tricking you into thoughts, feelings and behaviors that are not helpful? I believe it's possible to figure out how to think and act differently, find hope and manage what only feels unmanageable.
(860) 924-7656 View (860) 924-7656
Photo of J. David Prewitt, Licensed Professional Counselor in 06268, CT
J. David Prewitt
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, MEd, LPC
Verified Verified
Storrs, CT 06268
Individuals interact with life's challenges the best they can given the strategies they have. One of my goals is to help a person acquire further tools with which to work with. It is helpful when individuals are open to learning. I have often been sought out in my counseling career, because of these tools as they are used in support of my clients. I have found that I work well with individuals who are struggling with depression, anxiety and with persons whom are trauma survivors. When working with couples I predominantly use the Gottman Couples Method as I have completed their Level 3 training.
Individuals interact with life's challenges the best they can given the strategies they have. One of my goals is to help a person acquire further tools with which to work with. It is helpful when individuals are open to learning. I have often been sought out in my counseling career, because of these tools as they are used in support of my clients. I have found that I work well with individuals who are struggling with depression, anxiety and with persons whom are trauma survivors. When working with couples I predominantly use the Gottman Couples Method as I have completed their Level 3 training.
(860) 733-0579 View (860) 733-0579
Photo of Ryan Schaffer, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 06268, CT
Ryan Schaffer
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Storrs, CT 06268  (Online Only)
Personal power is a phrase often said, but not always understood. Owning the impact of the choices you make, comes with recognizing the power your voice and behavior have on your future. The journey I have chosen has offered me the understanding of the physical and emotional impact of change, by owning my power to have the life I want. I want to offer you the support we all require, to consciously begin your journey to own your power to change your life.
Personal power is a phrase often said, but not always understood. Owning the impact of the choices you make, comes with recognizing the power your voice and behavior have on your future. The journey I have chosen has offered me the understanding of the physical and emotional impact of change, by owning my power to have the life I want. I want to offer you the support we all require, to consciously begin your journey to own your power to change your life.
(860) 345-5691 View (860) 345-5691
Photo of Vernon Percy, Licensed Professional Counselor in 06268, CT
Vernon Percy
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LPC, CMPC
Verified Verified
Storrs, CT 06268  (Online Only)
Are you an athlete looking to excel in your sport while strengthening your mental skills and overall well-being? Whether you are a professional athlete, a dedicated amateur, or an aspiring talent, the journey to athletic excellence is exhilarating but can also present unique challenges. These challenges often extend beyond the physical aspects of your sport and impact your overall performance and quality of life. Performance anxiety, burnout, injury recovery, and the psychological toll of competition are just a few of the issues athletes commonly face. The demands of your sport can take a toll on your mental and emotional health.
Are you an athlete looking to excel in your sport while strengthening your mental skills and overall well-being? Whether you are a professional athlete, a dedicated amateur, or an aspiring talent, the journey to athletic excellence is exhilarating but can also present unique challenges. These challenges often extend beyond the physical aspects of your sport and impact your overall performance and quality of life. Performance anxiety, burnout, injury recovery, and the psychological toll of competition are just a few of the issues athletes commonly face. The demands of your sport can take a toll on your mental and emotional health.
(860) 864-5712 View (860) 864-5712
Photo of Heather Erskine, LPC, LLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in 06268, CT
Heather Erskine, LPC, LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, NCC, CCTP
Verified Verified
Storrs, CT 06268
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor committed to helping adolescents, adults, and families process and manage difficult emotions, thoughts, and stressors to create more meaningful lives. If you need help taking life in a new direction, I provide guidance in navigating the associated small and big changes, and challenges along the way. Clients will implement strategies for positive change, and build skills for lifelong well-being.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor committed to helping adolescents, adults, and families process and manage difficult emotions, thoughts, and stressors to create more meaningful lives. If you need help taking life in a new direction, I provide guidance in navigating the associated small and big changes, and challenges along the way. Clients will implement strategies for positive change, and build skills for lifelong well-being.
(860) 238-3783 View (860) 238-3783
Photo of Carmel F. Cuyler, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 06268, CT
Carmel F. Cuyler
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
I am a licensed clinical social worker, with extensive experience in individual and couples counseling. My specialties include couples and marriage counseling, anxiety disorders, depression, stress management, self-esteem issues, loss, relationship and vocational counseling.
I am a licensed clinical social worker, with extensive experience in individual and couples counseling. My specialties include couples and marriage counseling, anxiety disorders, depression, stress management, self-esteem issues, loss, relationship and vocational counseling.
(860) 368-3245 View (860) 368-3245
Photo of Laurie H. Cooper, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 06268, CT
Laurie H. Cooper
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Storrs Mansfield, CT 06268  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I offer both brief counseling and longer-term therapy, using a warm and nonjudgmental approach. My role includes supporting clients with increasing overall well-being. This may involve help with responding more effectively to anxiety, depression, stress, life transitions, losses, health concerns, or challenges in relationships/work/school. Past issues or traumas that are contributing to current difficulties may also be addressed.
I offer both brief counseling and longer-term therapy, using a warm and nonjudgmental approach. My role includes supporting clients with increasing overall well-being. This may involve help with responding more effectively to anxiety, depression, stress, life transitions, losses, health concerns, or challenges in relationships/work/school. Past issues or traumas that are contributing to current difficulties may also be addressed.
(860) 222-9038 View (860) 222-9038
Photo of Susan M Cohen, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 06268, CT
Susan M Cohen
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MSW, BS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Working with college students, couples, gender issues, individuals, parenting. If you are a Veteran about to deploy/post deployment- I am a provider for the MilitaryOne program. I incorporate trauma work/yoga, mind-body connections ElderCare throughout the life span and working with caregivers is also provided for the sandwiched baby boomer. Addictions/family problems are difficult & an area of specialization. If you seek a therapeutic alliance to work out problems in a compassionate & empowering environment, call me: 860 450-6267. In-office, Telephone and video sessions are possible for all CT residents. Thank-you.
Working with college students, couples, gender issues, individuals, parenting. If you are a Veteran about to deploy/post deployment- I am a provider for the MilitaryOne program. I incorporate trauma work/yoga, mind-body connections ElderCare throughout the life span and working with caregivers is also provided for the sandwiched baby boomer. Addictions/family problems are difficult & an area of specialization. If you seek a therapeutic alliance to work out problems in a compassionate & empowering environment, call me: 860 450-6267. In-office, Telephone and video sessions are possible for all CT residents. Thank-you.
(860) 322-5084 View (860) 322-5084
Photo of Hillary Stern, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 06268, CT
Hillary Stern
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, ADTR
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Storrs, CT 06268
"Our sorrows and wounds are healed only when we touch them with compassion." -- Buddha. I utilize a gentle but direct approach to assist you in recovering from the pain and sorrow that can be a part of life. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and Dance Movement Therapist. Using my creativity and diverse skill set I help my clients overcome depression, anxiety, eating disorders, traumas and loss. Working with the body, mind and spirit together, I will help you find the way to reconnect with your most authentic self and restore your relationships. My clients are adults, couples, children and adolecents.
"Our sorrows and wounds are healed only when we touch them with compassion." -- Buddha. I utilize a gentle but direct approach to assist you in recovering from the pain and sorrow that can be a part of life. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and Dance Movement Therapist. Using my creativity and diverse skill set I help my clients overcome depression, anxiety, eating disorders, traumas and loss. Working with the body, mind and spirit together, I will help you find the way to reconnect with your most authentic self and restore your relationships. My clients are adults, couples, children and adolecents.
(860) 606-4278 View (860) 606-4278
Photo of Michelle Allison, Marriage & Family Therapist in 06268, CT
Michelle Allison
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Storrs Mansfield, CT 06268  (Online Only)
It's not easy reaching out for professional help with relationship, family or emotional problems, but I hope you choose to take this important first step toward changing your life for the better. In my 30 years of practice, I have never felt a greater sense of hope and optimism about what talk therapy can realistically offer to reduce suffering and improve our personal and family lives. I can present you with a "user friendly" path into treatment that will ease your very understandable anxiety and skepticism. My goals for you as a client are learning, growth, empowerment and customer satisfaction.
It's not easy reaching out for professional help with relationship, family or emotional problems, but I hope you choose to take this important first step toward changing your life for the better. In my 30 years of practice, I have never felt a greater sense of hope and optimism about what talk therapy can realistically offer to reduce suffering and improve our personal and family lives. I can present you with a "user friendly" path into treatment that will ease your very understandable anxiety and skepticism. My goals for you as a client are learning, growth, empowerment and customer satisfaction.
(860) 451-9910 View (860) 451-9910
Photo of Sherry Chen, Marriage & Family Therapist in 06268, CT
Sherry Chen
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Storrs, CT 06268
Hello! (I have a limited amount of in-person appointments at this time and a variety of day-time telehealth appointments). I want to congratulate you on being curious on what is out there. We all know that at times life can be hard, at times overwhelming and uncertain of what to do. Having a person to talk to can be a weight off your shoulders and there’s help available. Everyone deserves to feel better.
Hello! (I have a limited amount of in-person appointments at this time and a variety of day-time telehealth appointments). I want to congratulate you on being curious on what is out there. We all know that at times life can be hard, at times overwhelming and uncertain of what to do. Having a person to talk to can be a weight off your shoulders and there’s help available. Everyone deserves to feel better.
(860) 979-5594 View (860) 979-5594
Photo of Jennifer K. A. Johnson, Licensed Professional Counselor in 06268, CT
Jennifer K. A. Johnson
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MEd, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Storrs, CT 06268  (Online Only)
As a hospice spiritual counselor and devoted animal & nature lover, I would be honored to offer compassionate support within the end of life care and grieving process, resulting from the loss of a beloved animal companion. My therapeutic approach is both person and heart centered, wanting to help you find peace and comfort as you are navigating the complexities of emotions, thoughts and beliefs that accompany the end-of-life journey and death of your dog, cat, horse or other animal.
As a hospice spiritual counselor and devoted animal & nature lover, I would be honored to offer compassionate support within the end of life care and grieving process, resulting from the loss of a beloved animal companion. My therapeutic approach is both person and heart centered, wanting to help you find peace and comfort as you are navigating the complexities of emotions, thoughts and beliefs that accompany the end-of-life journey and death of your dog, cat, horse or other animal.
(860) 815-8863 View (860) 815-8863
Photo of Joe L. Freeman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 06268, CT
Joe L. Freeman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MDiv, LCSW
Verified Verified
Storrs, CT 06268
Sometimes we all feel stuck or confused. At those times it may be hard to figure out what you need. Attunement, insight and support will help you find your way. As an experienced and respectful therapist, it is my privilege to help you set goals for our work together and lift the psychological barriers to your best self. As a licensed clinical social worker, I serve children, teens and adults.
Sometimes we all feel stuck or confused. At those times it may be hard to figure out what you need. Attunement, insight and support will help you find your way. As an experienced and respectful therapist, it is my privilege to help you set goals for our work together and lift the psychological barriers to your best self. As a licensed clinical social worker, I serve children, teens and adults.
(860) 266-1037 View (860) 266-1037
Photo of Ruth Ettenberg Freeman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 06268, CT
Ruth Ettenberg Freeman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
My work focuses on positive relationships - with yourself and others - based on compassion and fearless self-awareness. Even when we are thinking, feeling or doing things that we don't like, there is something about it all that makes sense. Uncovering the mystery of that logic is important to therapy. This process helps us come home to ourselves and to the present moment. I specialize in individual and couple goal oriented therapy. I also have considerable expertise in parent-child relationships, behavior management and emotional intelligence in children (see more at www.PositiveParentingCT.com).
My work focuses on positive relationships - with yourself and others - based on compassion and fearless self-awareness. Even when we are thinking, feeling or doing things that we don't like, there is something about it all that makes sense. Uncovering the mystery of that logic is important to therapy. This process helps us come home to ourselves and to the present moment. I specialize in individual and couple goal oriented therapy. I also have considerable expertise in parent-child relationships, behavior management and emotional intelligence in children (see more at www.PositiveParentingCT.com).
(860) 786-4747 View (860) 786-4747
Photo of Path Student And Family Counseling Centers, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 06268, CT
Path Student And Family Counseling Centers
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified Verified
Storrs, CT 06268
We help young people, ages 5-23, and their families manage emotional, developmental, cognitive, or behavioral challenges and address a range of issues, including anxiety and depression, substance use. We deeply value the inclusion of caregivers in the process to ensure sustained recovery and growth. We offer a wide range of behavioral health services and treatment interventions include Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing, Motivational Interviewing, and Solution Focused Therapy.
We help young people, ages 5-23, and their families manage emotional, developmental, cognitive, or behavioral challenges and address a range of issues, including anxiety and depression, substance use. We deeply value the inclusion of caregivers in the process to ensure sustained recovery and growth. We offer a wide range of behavioral health services and treatment interventions include Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing, Motivational Interviewing, and Solution Focused Therapy.
(860) 450-0151 View (860) 450-0151
Photo of Muna Bhandari, Licensed Professional Counselor in 06268, CT
Muna Bhandari
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
Storrs, CT 06268  (Online Only)
Welcome, I'm so glad you're here! I am looking forward to working with you to get your inner light back. Throughout my career I have had the privilege of helping many navigate life challenges, complex trauma, anxiety, and move towards a more fulfilling and values-driven life. I have a special interest in working with individuals going through life transitions, motherhood, adoption, marital/relationship issues, complex family dynamic issues, and work/life balance including those with demanding careers. I am here to support you on your journey.
Welcome, I'm so glad you're here! I am looking forward to working with you to get your inner light back. Throughout my career I have had the privilege of helping many navigate life challenges, complex trauma, anxiety, and move towards a more fulfilling and values-driven life. I have a special interest in working with individuals going through life transitions, motherhood, adoption, marital/relationship issues, complex family dynamic issues, and work/life balance including those with demanding careers. I am here to support you on your journey.
(203) 941-6385 View (203) 941-6385

See more therapy options for 06268

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 06268

50+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in 06268 who prioritize treating:

90% Anxiety
88% Depression
86% Relationship Issues
76% Coping Skills
74% Self Esteem
74% Stress
70% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

16 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

84% Cigna and Evernorth
79% Aetna
77% Husky | CT BHP

How Therapists in 06268 see their clients

64% In Person and Online
36% Online Only

Gender breakdown

79% Female
21% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 06268?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.