Therapists in Charleston, WV

Photo of Angela Brogan, Pre-Licensed Professional in Charleston, WV
Angela Brogan
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified
Charleston, WV 25301
The Healing House provides counseling, case management, and wrap-around services to adult women who have experienced trauma. We use those services to help support women as they complete the necessary “root work” to achieve total healing. We are the perfect place for women looking for both treatment and support services to help them achieve their goals, whether that be continuing education, finding employment or housing, achieving financial stability/independence, or becoming the parent you want to be for your children. We are here to support you on your healing journey.
The Healing House provides counseling, case management, and wrap-around services to adult women who have experienced trauma. We use those services to help support women as they complete the necessary “root work” to achieve total healing. We are the perfect place for women looking for both treatment and support services to help them achieve their goals, whether that be continuing education, finding employment or housing, achieving financial stability/independence, or becoming the parent you want to be for your children. We are here to support you on your healing journey.
(304) 451-5605 View (304) 451-5605
Photo of Briana Washington, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Charleston, WV
Briana Washington
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Charleston, WV 25302
Life is full of ups and downs. It can be overwhelming, confusing, challenging or just plain hard! We all need support to maneuver our way through the uncertainties that life can bring - traumatic experiences, loss of a loved one or even struggles with self esteem.  Having a safe space to sort out these thoughts and feelings is key. I will use my holistic approach to focus on healing the whole person. We will work together to build resilience and develop skills to help you on your journey so you can feel confident while facing life's challenges.
Life is full of ups and downs. It can be overwhelming, confusing, challenging or just plain hard! We all need support to maneuver our way through the uncertainties that life can bring - traumatic experiences, loss of a loved one or even struggles with self esteem.  Having a safe space to sort out these thoughts and feelings is key. I will use my holistic approach to focus on healing the whole person. We will work together to build resilience and develop skills to help you on your journey so you can feel confident while facing life's challenges.
(304) 318-7527 View (304) 318-7527
Photo of Christina Hill, Licensed Professional Counselor in Charleston, WV
Christina Hill
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, ALPS
Verified
Charleston, WV 25301
Peace of Mind Counseling is an independent private practice in Charleston, WV. At my practice, I am dedicated to providing quality counseling services in a warm and welcoming atmosphere. I have over 10 plus years of experience in the Mental Health field working in multiple settings including hospital, community, educational, and private practice. I specialize in the treatment of children, adolescents, and families who are struggling with emotional, behavioral, and relationship issues. My therapy style is warm, interactive, and empowering. I believe in treating everyone with respect, sensitivity, and compassion.
Peace of Mind Counseling is an independent private practice in Charleston, WV. At my practice, I am dedicated to providing quality counseling services in a warm and welcoming atmosphere. I have over 10 plus years of experience in the Mental Health field working in multiple settings including hospital, community, educational, and private practice. I specialize in the treatment of children, adolescents, and families who are struggling with emotional, behavioral, and relationship issues. My therapy style is warm, interactive, and empowering. I believe in treating everyone with respect, sensitivity, and compassion.
(304) 621-6220 View (304) 621-6220
Photo of Stephanie Knight Clarke, Licensed Professional Counselor in Charleston, WV
Stephanie Knight Clarke
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, NCC, P-MHC
Verified
Charleston, WV 25302
Deciding you are ready to make a lifelong change can be a difficult decision, or maybe you are ready to start living the life you have envisioned and the choice is obvious. Either way, our team of qualified professionals is ready to work with you to help you determine specific goals that will improve your quality of life and enrich your relationships. We invite you into our comfortable environment. We will maintain a caring and non-judgmental stance, and will patiently follow your lead to your path to peace.
Deciding you are ready to make a lifelong change can be a difficult decision, or maybe you are ready to start living the life you have envisioned and the choice is obvious. Either way, our team of qualified professionals is ready to work with you to help you determine specific goals that will improve your quality of life and enrich your relationships. We invite you into our comfortable environment. We will maintain a caring and non-judgmental stance, and will patiently follow your lead to your path to peace.
(681) 201-1417 View (681) 201-1417
Photo of Jack Alan Copley, Marriage & Family Therapist in Charleston, WV
Jack Alan Copley
Marriage & Family Therapist, DMin, LMFT, CST
Verified
Charleston, WV 25314  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and an AASECT Certified Sex Therapist who provides Telehealth appointments to people living in Charleston and throughout WV. I am open and affirming of all persons-regardless of sexual orientation, gender, age, race, faith, or marital status. People see me for a variety of needs, such as couples therapy, individual therapy, recovery after an affair, grief, or a traumatic personal history.
I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and an AASECT Certified Sex Therapist who provides Telehealth appointments to people living in Charleston and throughout WV. I am open and affirming of all persons-regardless of sexual orientation, gender, age, race, faith, or marital status. People see me for a variety of needs, such as couples therapy, individual therapy, recovery after an affair, grief, or a traumatic personal history.
(304) 205-0695 View (304) 205-0695
Photo of Crescent Counseling Group, Licensed Professional Counselor in Charleston, WV
Crescent Counseling Group
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, ALPS
Verified
Charleston, WV 25302
Not accepting new clients
There is no need to struggle in silence. Life can become overwhelming, confusing, and difficult to manage. Do you find yourself repeating past patterns and behaviors that are destructive? Therapy is a place to regain a sense of self and purpose. Together we will find your strengths, re-examine harmful patterns, and reconnect you to a healthy life where you feel connected and fulfilled. I have over twenty-four years of working as a licensed therapist (WV LPC). I am a Certified EMDR therapist. I also have training in other evidence-based treatment modalities including Emotionally Focused Therapy and AEDP.
There is no need to struggle in silence. Life can become overwhelming, confusing, and difficult to manage. Do you find yourself repeating past patterns and behaviors that are destructive? Therapy is a place to regain a sense of self and purpose. Together we will find your strengths, re-examine harmful patterns, and reconnect you to a healthy life where you feel connected and fulfilled. I have over twenty-four years of working as a licensed therapist (WV LPC). I am a Certified EMDR therapist. I also have training in other evidence-based treatment modalities including Emotionally Focused Therapy and AEDP.
(304) 316-6969 View (304) 316-6969
Photo of Laurie C Covington, Counselor in Charleston, WV
Laurie C Covington
Counselor, PsyD, LPC, NCC
Verified
Charleston, WV 25301
Deciding to start therapy is not always easy. It takes courage, commitment and a desire to make a positive difference in your life. If you have decided you are ready to make lasting changes in your life then finding a therapist is your next step. How do you choose the right therapist for you? If you are looking for someone who will listen to you unconditionally, without judgment, who shows empathy regarding your situation, who is easy to talk with and provides a space where you can feel safe, then I might be the therapist for you.
Deciding to start therapy is not always easy. It takes courage, commitment and a desire to make a positive difference in your life. If you have decided you are ready to make lasting changes in your life then finding a therapist is your next step. How do you choose the right therapist for you? If you are looking for someone who will listen to you unconditionally, without judgment, who shows empathy regarding your situation, who is easy to talk with and provides a space where you can feel safe, then I might be the therapist for you.
(304) 937-0533 View (304) 937-0533
Photo of Williamson Mental Health, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Charleston, WV
Williamson Mental Health
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, DSW, LICSW
Verified
Charleston, WV 25301
If you are seeking assistance with intrusive thoughts or troubling behavior, like checking the locks repeatedly, then I may be of service. I have experience with PTSD, depression, and anxiety. If you struggle getting along with coworkers or even friends and family, we can work to improve those relationships. Isolation does not fix the problem, it further damages those relationships and leaves you feeling alone. Anger and anxiety are natural feelings. However, sometimes controlling them can be easier said than done.
If you are seeking assistance with intrusive thoughts or troubling behavior, like checking the locks repeatedly, then I may be of service. I have experience with PTSD, depression, and anxiety. If you struggle getting along with coworkers or even friends and family, we can work to improve those relationships. Isolation does not fix the problem, it further damages those relationships and leaves you feeling alone. Anger and anxiety are natural feelings. However, sometimes controlling them can be easier said than done.
(304) 443-5587 View (304) 443-5587
Photo of KPCC Counseling, Counselor in Charleston, WV
KPCC Counseling
Counselor, LPC, LCSW
Verified
Charleston, WV 25301
KPCC Counseling - Voted #1 Counseling Center in West Virginia two years in a row. Convenient locations, free parking, flexible scheduling. KPCC Counseling has licensed counselors who are well trained in a number of different kinds of counseling. We match you and your goals with the counselor who will be the best fit for you. Our counselors are known for being positive, open, accepting, and available. Kathy Muscari- Andy Counts - Vanessa Landgrave- Sarah Stanley - Kerrie Harris - Paige Winfree - Jaime Richmond - Bessie Tadlock-Jimenez - Susan Armentrout - Pamela Blue- Brittany Powell- Hollie McClanahan.
KPCC Counseling - Voted #1 Counseling Center in West Virginia two years in a row. Convenient locations, free parking, flexible scheduling. KPCC Counseling has licensed counselors who are well trained in a number of different kinds of counseling. We match you and your goals with the counselor who will be the best fit for you. Our counselors are known for being positive, open, accepting, and available. Kathy Muscari- Andy Counts - Vanessa Landgrave- Sarah Stanley - Kerrie Harris - Paige Winfree - Jaime Richmond - Bessie Tadlock-Jimenez - Susan Armentrout - Pamela Blue- Brittany Powell- Hollie McClanahan.
(304) 519-0960 View (304) 519-0960
Photo of Ben Redmond, Licensed Professional Counselor in Charleston, WV
Ben Redmond
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified
Charleston, WV 25301
Do you feel stuck? Stuck in your life, your past, your anxiety, depression, anger, apathy, emotional overwhelm, grief, or PTSD? Life can be a challenging journey, and as a man, it's not always easy to seek help or express vulnerability. But you don't have to carry the weight of your struggles alone. I'm here to provide a safe and non-judgmental space where you can find the support and guidance you need. If you fully invest in this process, you can expect to feel lighter as old emotional baggage lifts, more effective, efficient, powerful, and clear about where you want to go and what you want to do with your life and/or parenthood.
Do you feel stuck? Stuck in your life, your past, your anxiety, depression, anger, apathy, emotional overwhelm, grief, or PTSD? Life can be a challenging journey, and as a man, it's not always easy to seek help or express vulnerability. But you don't have to carry the weight of your struggles alone. I'm here to provide a safe and non-judgmental space where you can find the support and guidance you need. If you fully invest in this process, you can expect to feel lighter as old emotional baggage lifts, more effective, efficient, powerful, and clear about where you want to go and what you want to do with your life and/or parenthood.
(304) 892-8213 View (304) 892-8213
Photo of Anthony Arthur, Licensed Professional Counselor in Charleston, WV
Anthony Arthur
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, CGP, CGCS-CA
Verified
Charleston, WV 25302
My ideal client is looking for something more. They are lost in what feels like nothing more than a bunch of rules and rigidity that has never really served them well. Their goals are to feel fulfilled, but they are lost as to how to achieve that. They have tried the rules and only come up empty handed. They were taught that happiness is the only acceptable emotion to feel and that if they feel anything else that something is wrong with them. That makes life so limiting, and I want to show them another way that allows them too actually live fulfilled. My ideal client is looking for meaning, purpose, and peace beyond the rules.
My ideal client is looking for something more. They are lost in what feels like nothing more than a bunch of rules and rigidity that has never really served them well. Their goals are to feel fulfilled, but they are lost as to how to achieve that. They have tried the rules and only come up empty handed. They were taught that happiness is the only acceptable emotion to feel and that if they feel anything else that something is wrong with them. That makes life so limiting, and I want to show them another way that allows them too actually live fulfilled. My ideal client is looking for meaning, purpose, and peace beyond the rules.
(304) 396-0085 View (304) 396-0085
Photo of Life Strategies Counseling, Licensed Professional Counselor in Charleston, WV
Life Strategies Counseling
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, LSW
Verified
Charleston, WV 25304
Since 2001 we have helped thousands of people navigate life challenges on a path to betterment. We have a multi-discipline team spanning a plethora of services including help for the following challenges: Relational, Behavioral, Anxiety, Depression, Addiction, Trauma, Marriage, Grief, Attention Deficit, Adjustment, Stress, Dysphoria, Post Traumatic Stress, Loneliness, Career Development, Job-Related Stress, School Problems, Learning Issues, Autism.
Since 2001 we have helped thousands of people navigate life challenges on a path to betterment. We have a multi-discipline team spanning a plethora of services including help for the following challenges: Relational, Behavioral, Anxiety, Depression, Addiction, Trauma, Marriage, Grief, Attention Deficit, Adjustment, Stress, Dysphoria, Post Traumatic Stress, Loneliness, Career Development, Job-Related Stress, School Problems, Learning Issues, Autism.
(304) 459-2587 View (304) 459-2587
Photo of Samantha Files, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Charleston, WV
Samantha Files
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LGSW
Verified
Charleston, WV 25311
I strive to create a safe, personal, and supportive environment. My approach is empathy, respect, and nonjudgment. I tailor my therapeutic technique to each specific client. I am here to provide support, guidance, and help the client better understand themselves and their environment.
I strive to create a safe, personal, and supportive environment. My approach is empathy, respect, and nonjudgment. I tailor my therapeutic technique to each specific client. I am here to provide support, guidance, and help the client better understand themselves and their environment.
(681) 252-9727 View (681) 252-9727
Photo of Susan Armentrout, Licensed Professional Counselor in Charleston, WV
Susan Armentrout
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Charleston, WV 25301
If you wish to reach me, please contact KPCC Counseling at the number listed and they will take your information and send it to me. I am a Licensed Professional counselor and have been practicing for 10+ years providing evidence-based counseling to individuals and couples. I have experience with children through adults, but am currently only seeing adults and some couples. I am certified in EMDR which is a specialized treatment with those suffering from trauma and anxiety.
If you wish to reach me, please contact KPCC Counseling at the number listed and they will take your information and send it to me. I am a Licensed Professional counselor and have been practicing for 10+ years providing evidence-based counseling to individuals and couples. I have experience with children through adults, but am currently only seeing adults and some couples. I am certified in EMDR which is a specialized treatment with those suffering from trauma and anxiety.
(304) 316-6430 View (304) 316-6430
Photo of Harmony Charleston, Licensed Professional Counselor in Charleston, WV
Harmony Charleston
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, NCC, AADC
Verified
Charleston, WV 25311
Harmony is the resource of choice for mental health care in the Charleston, West Virginia community. We are a practice of board certified psychiatrists and therapists, working to provide our community with support and treatment for a variety of diagnoses including depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, ADHD, substance abuse, body image, and more. We provide individual therapy for children, teens and adults. Our experienced providers work with you or your loved one to address symptoms, improve quality of life, and restore balance. We are part of Transformations Care Network, a family of local mental health clinics.
Harmony is the resource of choice for mental health care in the Charleston, West Virginia community. We are a practice of board certified psychiatrists and therapists, working to provide our community with support and treatment for a variety of diagnoses including depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, ADHD, substance abuse, body image, and more. We provide individual therapy for children, teens and adults. Our experienced providers work with you or your loved one to address symptoms, improve quality of life, and restore balance. We are part of Transformations Care Network, a family of local mental health clinics.
(681) 252-9588 View (681) 252-9588
Photo of Amanda Tarbett, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Charleston, WV
Amanda Tarbett
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LGSW
Verified
Charleston, WV 25311
My ideal client would be anyone that is in need and receptive to accepting the help that they have initiated. The client would be engaging in session, honest, motivated, and willing to be held accountable for their actions, reactions, thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. They would be willing to hear things that they may not initially agree with or fully understand but interested in learning how to change the negative aspects that they have sought change for.
My ideal client would be anyone that is in need and receptive to accepting the help that they have initiated. The client would be engaging in session, honest, motivated, and willing to be held accountable for their actions, reactions, thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. They would be willing to hear things that they may not initially agree with or fully understand but interested in learning how to change the negative aspects that they have sought change for.
(681) 248-5056 View (681) 248-5056
Photo of Inspiring Horizons Counseling & Wellness, LLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in Charleston, WV
Inspiring Horizons Counseling & Wellness, LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, ALPS, NCC, BC-TMH, ASDCS,
Verified
Charleston, WV 25302
Waitlist for new clients
Hey there, are you or your child struggling with stressors or are not feeling your best self? Call me to get started on your counseling journey! There are an unlimited number of benefits to therapy! I am committed to the providing quality mental health care to help my patients overcome barriers and achieve an optimal level of wellness. I provide treatment of social, emotional, behavioral, addiction disorders and treat relationship problems as well. I am a Licensed Professional Counselor, and National Board Certified Counselor as well as Board Certified Tele-Mental Health Provider! To schedule: www.InspiringHorizonsLLC.com
Hey there, are you or your child struggling with stressors or are not feeling your best self? Call me to get started on your counseling journey! There are an unlimited number of benefits to therapy! I am committed to the providing quality mental health care to help my patients overcome barriers and achieve an optimal level of wellness. I provide treatment of social, emotional, behavioral, addiction disorders and treat relationship problems as well. I am a Licensed Professional Counselor, and National Board Certified Counselor as well as Board Certified Tele-Mental Health Provider! To schedule: www.InspiringHorizonsLLC.com
(304) 427-5596 View (304) 427-5596
Photo of Diane Briers Hendricks, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Charleston, WV
Diane Briers Hendricks
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified
Charleston, WV 25301
I work predominantly with adults ages 21-81. About 20% of my practice consists of families or couples. Common themes for therapy are family conflict, romantic relationships or lack of, chronic illness, anxiety and depression.
I work predominantly with adults ages 21-81. About 20% of my practice consists of families or couples. Common themes for therapy are family conflict, romantic relationships or lack of, chronic illness, anxiety and depression.
(304) 301-5116 View (304) 301-5116
Photo of Ascension Recovery Services, Counselor in Charleston, WV
Ascension Recovery Services
Counselor
Charleston, WV 25304
Have a family member struggling with addiction? Our team of intervention professionals have decades of experience and are extremely proud Ascension's interventions having over a 96% success rate. We find the most appropriate treatment center for your loved one and will negotiate any out of pocket costs on your behalf to keep costs to a minimum. We don't just get your loved one into treatment; we work with the entire family system during the person of concern's inpatient stay so that the family can begin to heal and develop healthy boundaries. Call us today!
Have a family member struggling with addiction? Our team of intervention professionals have decades of experience and are extremely proud Ascension's interventions having over a 96% success rate. We find the most appropriate treatment center for your loved one and will negotiate any out of pocket costs on your behalf to keep costs to a minimum. We don't just get your loved one into treatment; we work with the entire family system during the person of concern's inpatient stay so that the family can begin to heal and develop healthy boundaries. Call us today!
(304) 621-9306 View (304) 621-9306
Photo of the Well, PLLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Charleston, WV
the Well, PLLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified
Charleston, WV 25301
To contact us, visit our webpage (www.thewellwestvirginia.com). The Well is a small practice with two therapists. We are Emily Chilko and Tia Lasporgara. ​We ​are united by our professional values (service, diversity, equity + inclusion, and seeing the dignity in worth in every person​). Emily has a background in the treatment of addictions and is currently specializing in treating PTSD with a therapy model called IFS (tinyurl.com/4zhh27yw). Her style is authentic and playful. Emily sees adults with histories of stressful experiences who now have internal discomfort (anger, guilt, feeling out of control, etc).
To contact us, visit our webpage (www.thewellwestvirginia.com). The Well is a small practice with two therapists. We are Emily Chilko and Tia Lasporgara. ​We ​are united by our professional values (service, diversity, equity + inclusion, and seeing the dignity in worth in every person​). Emily has a background in the treatment of addictions and is currently specializing in treating PTSD with a therapy model called IFS (tinyurl.com/4zhh27yw). Her style is authentic and playful. Emily sees adults with histories of stressful experiences who now have internal discomfort (anger, guilt, feeling out of control, etc).

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How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Charleston, WV

60+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Charleston, WV who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
85% Depression
79% Relationship Issues
75% Grief
75% Self Esteem
75% Stress
74% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

14 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

82% BlueCross and BlueShield
61% Aetna
57% Public Employees Insurance Agency

How Therapists in Charleston, WV see their clients

61% In Person and Online
39% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
20% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Charleston?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.