Therapists in Athens, TX

Photo of Dr. Kimberly Essler, PhD, MA, LPC, TF-CBT, Licensed Professional Counselor
Dr. Kimberly Essler
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, MA, LPC, TF-CBT
Verified Verified
Athens, TX 75751
Thank you for taking time to visit my profile. Choosing a therapist can be a difficult process and you are likely already overwhelmed. Let me walk alongside you as we navigate through your struggles. Depression, anxiety, grief, behavioral concerns, parenting, ADD, trauma, or intimacy and relational problems, I want to help you achieve a happy and well-balanced life. Together we can work towards improving negative symptoms and establishing positive outcomes. I work with ages from 3 to 80+. I provide office visits and phone sessions. I am an interactive therapist who uses an array of therapeutic techniques.
Thank you for taking time to visit my profile. Choosing a therapist can be a difficult process and you are likely already overwhelmed. Let me walk alongside you as we navigate through your struggles. Depression, anxiety, grief, behavioral concerns, parenting, ADD, trauma, or intimacy and relational problems, I want to help you achieve a happy and well-balanced life. Together we can work towards improving negative symptoms and establishing positive outcomes. I work with ages from 3 to 80+. I provide office visits and phone sessions. I am an interactive therapist who uses an array of therapeutic techniques.
(430) 206-3655 View (430) 206-3655
Photo of Zeb Lyons, MS, LPC-A, LPC Intern
Zeb Lyons
LPC Intern, MS, LPC-A
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Athens, TX 75751
Everyone has that moment where the pain is too much. I love giving people the space they need to explore what is causing the hurt, so that we can work together and find solutions. Sometimes that space or need is the schedule and the cost. I intentionally keep my office hours open for evening and occasional weekend sessions and my costs are designed to help those in East Texas that may not have insurance or high incomes.
Everyone has that moment where the pain is too much. I love giving people the space they need to explore what is causing the hurt, so that we can work together and find solutions. Sometimes that space or need is the schedule and the cost. I intentionally keep my office hours open for evening and occasional weekend sessions and my costs are designed to help those in East Texas that may not have insurance or high incomes.
(430) 220-0908 View (430) 220-0908
Photo of Julia Dean Wall, MEd, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Julia Dean Wall
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC
Verified Verified
Athens, TX 75751
Thank you for viewing my profile. I am a licensed professional counselor with 26 years of clinical experience. Making the decision to reach out for help when you are feeling lost, confused or find yourself in a difficult situation can be stressful. My goal as a therapist is to make that process less stressful, to empower you and uncover your potential to resolve and overcome the difficulties you face. While we can not change the difficult situations of the past, we can work together to better understand and resolve the challenges in your life today.
Thank you for viewing my profile. I am a licensed professional counselor with 26 years of clinical experience. Making the decision to reach out for help when you are feeling lost, confused or find yourself in a difficult situation can be stressful. My goal as a therapist is to make that process less stressful, to empower you and uncover your potential to resolve and overcome the difficulties you face. While we can not change the difficult situations of the past, we can work together to better understand and resolve the challenges in your life today.
(903) 804-4279 View (903) 804-4279
Photo of Melissa Tatum, LPC-S, PLLC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Melissa Tatum
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC-S, PLLC
Verified Verified
Athens, TX 75751  (Online Only)
Hello! I am a Licensed Professional Counselor-Supervisor certified in the State of Texas. I have 15 years of experience working in the mental health field. My treatment approach is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy where I work primarily with adults. My treatment focus is working with individuals struggling to overcome traumatic experiences using Cognitive Processing Therapy as means to achieve this. However, I have experience working with a variety of mental health concerns or illnesses.
Hello! I am a Licensed Professional Counselor-Supervisor certified in the State of Texas. I have 15 years of experience working in the mental health field. My treatment approach is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy where I work primarily with adults. My treatment focus is working with individuals struggling to overcome traumatic experiences using Cognitive Processing Therapy as means to achieve this. However, I have experience working with a variety of mental health concerns or illnesses.
(903) 205-9363 View (903) 205-9363
Photo of Vicki R Wolfe, MEd, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Vicki R Wolfe
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC
Verified Verified
Athens, TX 75751
As both a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) and an elementary school counselor, I have a passion for helping others negiotiate life. Uniquely formed through personal experiences, my geniune personality allows me to empathize with others and assist them with formulating positive resolutions in both personal and professional situations. Above all, as a Christ follower, I know we are all uniquely created and divinely designed to connect to, rely on and help one another navigate life. Simply put, I have been commissioned by our Creator to help you get through whatever it is you are facing.
As both a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) and an elementary school counselor, I have a passion for helping others negiotiate life. Uniquely formed through personal experiences, my geniune personality allows me to empathize with others and assist them with formulating positive resolutions in both personal and professional situations. Above all, as a Christ follower, I know we are all uniquely created and divinely designed to connect to, rely on and help one another navigate life. Simply put, I have been commissioned by our Creator to help you get through whatever it is you are facing.
(430) 259-3365 View (430) 259-3365
Photo of Summer Allan Wilson, LCSW-S, C-TFCBT, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Summer Allan Wilson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-S, C-TFCBT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Athens, TX 75751
Thank you for taking time to read my profile. I know you are busy and need solutions fast. I have 31 years post graduate clinical experience in psychotherapy. My training and experience gives me an advantage when working with complex family dynamics such as divorce, custody and other traumas. I am accepting court ordered Child Custody Evaluations. I am comfortable giving expert testimony and being called as a witness when the situation presents itself. My ideal client is motivated, honest, and ready for relief. My humor- infused style of intervention tends to make the change process more bearable.
Thank you for taking time to read my profile. I know you are busy and need solutions fast. I have 31 years post graduate clinical experience in psychotherapy. My training and experience gives me an advantage when working with complex family dynamics such as divorce, custody and other traumas. I am accepting court ordered Child Custody Evaluations. I am comfortable giving expert testimony and being called as a witness when the situation presents itself. My ideal client is motivated, honest, and ready for relief. My humor- infused style of intervention tends to make the change process more bearable.
(430) 204-2164 View (430) 204-2164
Photo of Patricia Shaw, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Patricia Shaw
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Athens, TX 75751
I am Dr. Patricia Shaw, a licensed therapist. I have over 28 years experience teaching, supervising, and practicing evidenced-based approaches for those experiencing issues with addiction, trauma. depression, relationships, and a wide variety of other life challenges. I am licensed in Texas with over 28 years of professional work experience. I typically work with clients experiencing challenges with stress and anxiety, sexual identity, coping with addictions, marital and relationship issues, & trauma and abuse.
I am Dr. Patricia Shaw, a licensed therapist. I have over 28 years experience teaching, supervising, and practicing evidenced-based approaches for those experiencing issues with addiction, trauma. depression, relationships, and a wide variety of other life challenges. I am licensed in Texas with over 28 years of professional work experience. I typically work with clients experiencing challenges with stress and anxiety, sexual identity, coping with addictions, marital and relationship issues, & trauma and abuse.
(281) 524-4391 View (281) 524-4391
Photo of Larry Dale Brisendine, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Larry Dale Brisendine
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Athens, TX 75751
Not accepting new clients
Attending a session with a counselor for the first time can be daunting. Anxiety abounds with the fear or hope of improving one's emotional life. We will focus first on building the relationship together in a non-judging, empathetic and caring manner that eases that anxiety. Many of us know that we are in need of relationship building with those we interact with, in our family, workplace, social setting, romantic interests and within marriage. We will work together to repair and practice connecting and communication skills needed to facilitate safe rewarding relationship habits.
Attending a session with a counselor for the first time can be daunting. Anxiety abounds with the fear or hope of improving one's emotional life. We will focus first on building the relationship together in a non-judging, empathetic and caring manner that eases that anxiety. Many of us know that we are in need of relationship building with those we interact with, in our family, workplace, social setting, romantic interests and within marriage. We will work together to repair and practice connecting and communication skills needed to facilitate safe rewarding relationship habits.
(903) 451-4281 View (903) 451-4281
Photo of Susan Cason-Parks, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Susan Cason-Parks
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Athens, TX 75751
With over a decade of experience treating individuals,couples and families in community mental health, non-profits, military bases, psychiatric hospitals and private practice, you can be assured that your mental health issues will be empathically and skillfully treated and resolved.
With over a decade of experience treating individuals,couples and families in community mental health, non-profits, military bases, psychiatric hospitals and private practice, you can be assured that your mental health issues will be empathically and skillfully treated and resolved.
(903) 705-4651 View (903) 705-4651
Photo of Diane M Gard, PhD, BFK, NFK, Psychologist
Diane M Gard
Psychologist, PhD, BFK, NFK
Verified Verified
Athens, TX 75751
Dr. Gard has a PhD in Health Psychology/Behavioral Medicine with over 30 years of clinical experience. Clients span a wide variety of diagnoses. She sees clients Age 5 to seniors. ETNH office is open Mondays through Thursdays and by appointment to serve the community. She can provide biofeedback, neurofeedback, EMDR, hypnosis, light therapy in addition to eclectic approaches (cognitive and behavioral) to address your specific needs.
Dr. Gard has a PhD in Health Psychology/Behavioral Medicine with over 30 years of clinical experience. Clients span a wide variety of diagnoses. She sees clients Age 5 to seniors. ETNH office is open Mondays through Thursdays and by appointment to serve the community. She can provide biofeedback, neurofeedback, EMDR, hypnosis, light therapy in addition to eclectic approaches (cognitive and behavioral) to address your specific needs.
(903) 767-4190 View (903) 767-4190
Photo of Jeanne Ramirez, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Jeanne Ramirez
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Athens, TX 75752  (Online Only)
My name is Jeanne Ramirez, and I am a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) based in the Dallas-Fort Worth area of Texas. I work via telehealth with adults and adolescents throughout the state. My specialties are trauma, anxiety, and depression. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is the main approach I use to help my clients work through the issues that are troubling them, so they can begin to feel better as quickly as possible. Most of my clients are adults or teens who have experienced some type of trauma that has led to depression, anxiety, or post-traumatic stress.
My name is Jeanne Ramirez, and I am a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) based in the Dallas-Fort Worth area of Texas. I work via telehealth with adults and adolescents throughout the state. My specialties are trauma, anxiety, and depression. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is the main approach I use to help my clients work through the issues that are troubling them, so they can begin to feel better as quickly as possible. Most of my clients are adults or teens who have experienced some type of trauma that has led to depression, anxiety, or post-traumatic stress.
(346) 594-7745 View (346) 594-7745
Photo of Angela Murphy, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Angela Murphy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Athens, TX 75752
My name is Angela Murphy & I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) in the state of Texas with 15 years of professional work experience. I enjoy helping adolescent & adult clients with a variety of life circumstances including depression, anxiety, relationship issues, grief/loss, self-esteem, life changes, career difficulties, separation/divorce & young adult issues. I love working with adolescents and young adults as they navigate a difficult transition embracing independence! I also enjoy helping clients of all ages overcome struggles surrounding anxiety, self-esteem, depression, life transitions, and family relationships.
My name is Angela Murphy & I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) in the state of Texas with 15 years of professional work experience. I enjoy helping adolescent & adult clients with a variety of life circumstances including depression, anxiety, relationship issues, grief/loss, self-esteem, life changes, career difficulties, separation/divorce & young adult issues. I love working with adolescents and young adults as they navigate a difficult transition embracing independence! I also enjoy helping clients of all ages overcome struggles surrounding anxiety, self-esteem, depression, life transitions, and family relationships.
(972) 734-3040 View (972) 734-3040
Photo of Sarah A Lowery, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Sarah A Lowery
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Athens, TX 75751
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor. I received a Master's degree in Professional Counseling from Liberty University and my undergraduate degree in Psychology from Indiana University-Purdue University at Indianapolis.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor. I received a Master's degree in Professional Counseling from Liberty University and my undergraduate degree in Psychology from Indiana University-Purdue University at Indianapolis.
(430) 204-1257 View (430) 204-1257
Photo of Kristi Zimmerman, MS, LPC, LMFT, LCDC, NCC
Kristi Zimmerman
MS, LPC, LMFT, LCDC, NCC
Verified Verified
Athens, TX 75752
Master level Counselor (LPC, LMFT, LCDC, NCC, EMDR certified). My primary focus is trauma work through EMDR, Expressive Arts, REBT, and DBT, Family Therapy through Experiential and Structural Therapy, and Addiction Therapy with Motivational Interviewing and Twelve Steps. I also have experience working with children and adolescents using Play Therapy, Animal Assisted Therapy, and Expressive Arts.
Master level Counselor (LPC, LMFT, LCDC, NCC, EMDR certified). My primary focus is trauma work through EMDR, Expressive Arts, REBT, and DBT, Family Therapy through Experiential and Structural Therapy, and Addiction Therapy with Motivational Interviewing and Twelve Steps. I also have experience working with children and adolescents using Play Therapy, Animal Assisted Therapy, and Expressive Arts.
(430) 206-3165 View (430) 206-3165
Photo of Allison Cooper, MA, LPC-S, Licensed Professional Counselor
Allison Cooper
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC-S
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Athens, TX 75751
In my practice I enjoy working with adolescents and adults on a variety of different situations and challenges. I have a special interest in helping clients who are experiencing anxiety, excessive worry, OCD and phobias. Treatment areas include: Anxiety Disorders (Social anxiety, Separation Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety), Phobias, Depression, Parenting Support, Grief Counseling, Adjustments and transitions, Stress Management, Conflict Resolution. I enjoy working with adolescents, teens and adults in a variety of different therapeutic areas. I strive to create a comfortable and safe atmosphere for clients.
In my practice I enjoy working with adolescents and adults on a variety of different situations and challenges. I have a special interest in helping clients who are experiencing anxiety, excessive worry, OCD and phobias. Treatment areas include: Anxiety Disorders (Social anxiety, Separation Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety), Phobias, Depression, Parenting Support, Grief Counseling, Adjustments and transitions, Stress Management, Conflict Resolution. I enjoy working with adolescents, teens and adults in a variety of different therapeutic areas. I strive to create a comfortable and safe atmosphere for clients.
(903) 730-6513 View (903) 730-6513
Photo of Cheyanne Honeycutt, LPC, LCDC, NCC, MA
Cheyanne Honeycutt
LPC Associate, LPC, LCDC, NCC, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Athens, TX 75751
Cheyanne is a Licensed Professional Counselor and a National Certified Counselor with the National Board for Certified Counselors, Inc. She received her Master’s degree in Clinical Mental Health Counseling from UT-Tyler in 2021 where she graduated with honors as a member of Chi Sigma Iota- Counseling Academic and Professional Honor Society. She is also a member of the American Counseling Association (ACA). Cheyanne is also a Licensed Chemical Dependency Counselor and has experience working with individuals ages 12 and up who struggle with addiction.
Cheyanne is a Licensed Professional Counselor and a National Certified Counselor with the National Board for Certified Counselors, Inc. She received her Master’s degree in Clinical Mental Health Counseling from UT-Tyler in 2021 where she graduated with honors as a member of Chi Sigma Iota- Counseling Academic and Professional Honor Society. She is also a member of the American Counseling Association (ACA). Cheyanne is also a Licensed Chemical Dependency Counselor and has experience working with individuals ages 12 and up who struggle with addiction.
(430) 222-4188 View (430) 222-4188
Photo of Katie Farmer, LPC-A
Katie Farmer
Licensed Professional Counselor Associate, LPC-A
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Athens, TX 75751
Life can be tough, and sometimes it can feel as if the storms may never pass, but you don't have to face them alone. It’s okay to feel overwhelmed and it’s okay to reach out for help. That’s where I come in. No matter what challenges you are facing - stress, anxiety, grief, depression, or difficulties in your relationships - I'm here to offer you a safe and non-judgmental space for support. I believe therapy should be personalized to fit your unique needs, which is why I draw from a blend of approaches such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, and Mindfulness Therapy.
Life can be tough, and sometimes it can feel as if the storms may never pass, but you don't have to face them alone. It’s okay to feel overwhelmed and it’s okay to reach out for help. That’s where I come in. No matter what challenges you are facing - stress, anxiety, grief, depression, or difficulties in your relationships - I'm here to offer you a safe and non-judgmental space for support. I believe therapy should be personalized to fit your unique needs, which is why I draw from a blend of approaches such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, and Mindfulness Therapy.
(430) 237-3515 View (430) 237-3515

Online Therapists

Photo of Natoya M Cook - Redwood Social Services and Consulting, PLLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Redwood Social Services and Consulting, PLLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified Verified
Crandall, TX 75114  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
As a therapist, I believe in the inherent resilience and strength of each person, and I would be honored to be a part of your journey towards self-discovery and healing. I am passionate about mental health and committed to providing quality, ethical, and compassionate care to all of my clients. I am constantly learning and growing as a therapist, and I strive to create a therapeutic environment that is nurturing, empowering, and conducive to your personal growth and healing. I am grateful for the opportunity to work with you on your path towards greater self-understanding, self-compassion, and fulfillment.
As a therapist, I believe in the inherent resilience and strength of each person, and I would be honored to be a part of your journey towards self-discovery and healing. I am passionate about mental health and committed to providing quality, ethical, and compassionate care to all of my clients. I am constantly learning and growing as a therapist, and I strive to create a therapeutic environment that is nurturing, empowering, and conducive to your personal growth and healing. I am grateful for the opportunity to work with you on your path towards greater self-understanding, self-compassion, and fulfillment.
(903) 231-8031 View (903) 231-8031
Photo of Maddisson Shelbie Elizardo, MA, Licensed Professional Counselor
Maddisson Shelbie Elizardo
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA
Verified Verified
Garland, TX 75040
I have worked with individuals from different age groups and backgrounds including members of the LGBTQIA+ community and couples. I have worked with people with trauma including betrayal trauma, addiction (sex and substance use), depression, anxiety, and severe mental illness. I am a CPTT (Certified Partner Trauma Therapist ) candidate. I offer EMDR therapy
I have worked with individuals from different age groups and backgrounds including members of the LGBTQIA+ community and couples. I have worked with people with trauma including betrayal trauma, addiction (sex and substance use), depression, anxiety, and severe mental illness. I am a CPTT (Certified Partner Trauma Therapist ) candidate. I offer EMDR therapy
(972) 774-6462 View (972) 774-6462
Photo of Carmen Casares-Cernoch, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Carmen Casares-Cernoch
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Plano, TX 75024  (Online Only)
Welcome! I'm Carmen Casares-Cernoch. First, I would like to acknowledge the courage and initiative in taking the first step towards working on your mental health. Therapy can be intimidating, confusing, or scary, all at the same time but necessary in the course of change.
Welcome! I'm Carmen Casares-Cernoch. First, I would like to acknowledge the courage and initiative in taking the first step towards working on your mental health. Therapy can be intimidating, confusing, or scary, all at the same time but necessary in the course of change.
(469) 780-8461 View (469) 780-8461

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Athens, TX

10+

Average cost per session

$120

Therapists in Athens, TX who prioritize treating:

88% Depression
82% Anxiety
76% Coping Skills
71% Self Esteem
65% Trauma and PTSD
59% Relationship Issues
59% Grief

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

77% Aetna
77% BlueCross and BlueShield
77% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Athens, TX see their clients

89% In Person and Online
11% Online Only

Gender breakdown

89% Female
11% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Athens?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.