Therapists in East Quogue, NY

Photo of Louise Muzio, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Louise Muzio
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
East Quogue, NY 11942
If you are reading this you are making a courageous decision to find a therapist and change the patterns of your life. Welcome! I have been a licensed therapist for 34 years and I am continuously inspired by the strength, insight, clarity, and wisdom that is revealed in the safety of the therapeutic setting. My approach is client centered and I utilize cognitive behavioral and psychodynamic modalities as indicated by individual needs. I am very excited about the practical application of neuroscience that invites us to use the focus of the mind to harness the power of attention to enhance our lives.
If you are reading this you are making a courageous decision to find a therapist and change the patterns of your life. Welcome! I have been a licensed therapist for 34 years and I am continuously inspired by the strength, insight, clarity, and wisdom that is revealed in the safety of the therapeutic setting. My approach is client centered and I utilize cognitive behavioral and psychodynamic modalities as indicated by individual needs. I am very excited about the practical application of neuroscience that invites us to use the focus of the mind to harness the power of attention to enhance our lives.
(516) 727-7401 View (516) 727-7401
Photo of Jackie Nova (Jablonski), LMHC, MA, MS, RYT, TT, Counselor
Jackie Nova (Jablonski)
Counselor, LMHC, MA, MS, RYT, TT
Verified Verified
East Quogue, NY 11942
The clients drawn to my work are highly sensitive individuals involved in creative & spiritual lifestyles & want a therapist who is appreciative of their choices. I have extensive experience helping clients work through anxiety, depression & self-defeating thoughts & behaviors. Clients will care better for themselves, develop more successful relationships & have more confidence in their decisions. Clients will learn to strengthen their voice, define their boundaries & gain a more expanded view of their future. Once we are aware of our personal nuances, what soothes us, nourishes us & triggers us we can take the steps towards change.
The clients drawn to my work are highly sensitive individuals involved in creative & spiritual lifestyles & want a therapist who is appreciative of their choices. I have extensive experience helping clients work through anxiety, depression & self-defeating thoughts & behaviors. Clients will care better for themselves, develop more successful relationships & have more confidence in their decisions. Clients will learn to strengthen their voice, define their boundaries & gain a more expanded view of their future. Once we are aware of our personal nuances, what soothes us, nourishes us & triggers us we can take the steps towards change.
(631) 250-5187 View (631) 250-5187
Photo of Gracemarie F Louis, LCAT, ATR-BC
Gracemarie F Louis
Creative Arts Therapist, LCAT, ATR-BC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
East Quogue, NY 11942  (Online Only)
In therapy, my number one concern is creating a safe space for my clients to express themselves, whether it’s through art therapy or talk therapy, or maybe a little of both! I have found that once my clients feel comfortable and supported by me, they have been able to begin making exciting strides in their awareness of themselves and thus, make important changes to enhance their quality of life. My goal is to guide clients through their journey to their own self-discovery and gather the tools suited for their personality to successfully address life’s challenges.
In therapy, my number one concern is creating a safe space for my clients to express themselves, whether it’s through art therapy or talk therapy, or maybe a little of both! I have found that once my clients feel comfortable and supported by me, they have been able to begin making exciting strides in their awareness of themselves and thus, make important changes to enhance their quality of life. My goal is to guide clients through their journey to their own self-discovery and gather the tools suited for their personality to successfully address life’s challenges.
(631) 825-9841 View (631) 825-9841
Photo of Kathryn H Clavin-Vunkannon, LCSW, CASAC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Kathryn H Clavin-Vunkannon
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CASAC
Verified Verified
East Quogue, NY 11942  (Online Only)
New Updates! I am accepting new clients! Your goals feel out of reach. You know, at least vaguely, what they are; but they seem very hard to get to. Maybe things have become unmanageable. Are you drinking or eating too much? Are your work stressors piled on too high? Is a relationship feeling toxic? If these things were just "unstuck", could you move forward? You want to help yourself, your loved ones, maybe even the world, if you could just get there. Your open minded and determined; you just need a little help. Then welcome aboard. Give me a call and lets Conquer these Challenges, together!
New Updates! I am accepting new clients! Your goals feel out of reach. You know, at least vaguely, what they are; but they seem very hard to get to. Maybe things have become unmanageable. Are you drinking or eating too much? Are your work stressors piled on too high? Is a relationship feeling toxic? If these things were just "unstuck", could you move forward? You want to help yourself, your loved ones, maybe even the world, if you could just get there. Your open minded and determined; you just need a little help. Then welcome aboard. Give me a call and lets Conquer these Challenges, together!
(631) 818-1929 View (631) 818-1929
Photo of Judy Mosesso, LISWCP, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Judy Mosesso
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LISWCP
Verified Verified
East Quogue, NY 11942
Are you are feeling stuck, anxious, or depressed? Are you unhappy with your current relationships, your career or where you are in life in general? Maybe you're struggling with the loss of a loved one, emotional eating or your ability to handle stress. As a therapist my goal is to provide a safe, supportive environment that offers you the opportunity to talk openly with someone who is objective, neutral and non-judgmental. Together we will work to clarify the issues you are facing, move through the emotions, put them in perspective and develop new skills and behaviors leading to positive thoughts, energy and actions.
Are you are feeling stuck, anxious, or depressed? Are you unhappy with your current relationships, your career or where you are in life in general? Maybe you're struggling with the loss of a loved one, emotional eating or your ability to handle stress. As a therapist my goal is to provide a safe, supportive environment that offers you the opportunity to talk openly with someone who is objective, neutral and non-judgmental. Together we will work to clarify the issues you are facing, move through the emotions, put them in perspective and develop new skills and behaviors leading to positive thoughts, energy and actions.
(843) 242-0878 View (843) 242-0878
Photo of Elizabeth Lyngholm, MA, LP, Licensed Psychoanalyst
Elizabeth Lyngholm
Licensed Psychoanalyst, MA, LP
Verified Verified
East Quogue, NY 11942  (Online Only)
As Gestalt therapists, we are not the arbiter of how you should feel or what you might do to feel better. After all, who knows more about you than you? We simply witness and respond. If you have ever experienced being with a person who suspended judgement, and simply listened, you might be aware of how healing that felt for you. I'm a NYS licensed psychotherapist from Manhattan, NY now based in Hampton Bays. In my nine years of doing experiential psychotherapy, I've focused my approach to be present centered and relational informed.
As Gestalt therapists, we are not the arbiter of how you should feel or what you might do to feel better. After all, who knows more about you than you? We simply witness and respond. If you have ever experienced being with a person who suspended judgement, and simply listened, you might be aware of how healing that felt for you. I'm a NYS licensed psychotherapist from Manhattan, NY now based in Hampton Bays. In my nine years of doing experiential psychotherapy, I've focused my approach to be present centered and relational informed.
(347) 387-1248 View (347) 387-1248
Photo of Kim Galway, MA, LCAT, RDT-BCT
Kim Galway
MA, LCAT, RDT-BCT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
East Quogue, NY 11942
I have 25+ years of experience working with children, adolescents, and adults. I use a creative, eclectic approach to help my clients gain a better understanding of their thoughts, emotions, and actions, help them through difficult periods, discover coping skills, and achieve a deeper satisfaction with their lives. I work with anxiety, anger, depression, bereavement, self-esteem and family issues. I am a licensed creative arts therapist, registered drama therapist, and certified counselor, and draw from CBT, DBT, and psychodynamic theories to inform my practice. In addition, I offer college counseling as an IEC.
I have 25+ years of experience working with children, adolescents, and adults. I use a creative, eclectic approach to help my clients gain a better understanding of their thoughts, emotions, and actions, help them through difficult periods, discover coping skills, and achieve a deeper satisfaction with their lives. I work with anxiety, anger, depression, bereavement, self-esteem and family issues. I am a licensed creative arts therapist, registered drama therapist, and certified counselor, and draw from CBT, DBT, and psychodynamic theories to inform my practice. In addition, I offer college counseling as an IEC.
(917) 746-8554 View (917) 746-8554
Photo of Michaelle Armand-Tassy, LCSW, R, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Michaelle Armand-Tassy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, R
Verified Verified
East Quogue, NY 11942
I am a licensed psychotherapist. I have worked in the field for over 15 years addressing issues of mood disorders, anxiety disorders, PTSD, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, impulse control issues as well as relationship problems. I work with children and adults. My approach is client centered, I personalize my intervention to fit the needs of each individual client. I am proficient in psychodynamic, relational, cognitive behavioral therapy as well as play therapy and family systems therapy. My approach is thoughtful and insight oriented.
I am a licensed psychotherapist. I have worked in the field for over 15 years addressing issues of mood disorders, anxiety disorders, PTSD, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, impulse control issues as well as relationship problems. I work with children and adults. My approach is client centered, I personalize my intervention to fit the needs of each individual client. I am proficient in psychodynamic, relational, cognitive behavioral therapy as well as play therapy and family systems therapy. My approach is thoughtful and insight oriented.
(631) 496-1053 View (631) 496-1053
Photo of Sonia Morlani, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Sonia Morlani
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
East Quogue, NY 11942
Eastend Individual and Family therapy offers a holistic and integrative model of care. I am a licensed clinical social worker with 30 years of clinical experience as a individual and family therapist in mental health. My experience includes clinical practice in Hospital Settings, Pediatric Primary Health Care and in Family Medicine. I working with individuals, children, adolescents,couples and families.
Eastend Individual and Family therapy offers a holistic and integrative model of care. I am a licensed clinical social worker with 30 years of clinical experience as a individual and family therapist in mental health. My experience includes clinical practice in Hospital Settings, Pediatric Primary Health Care and in Family Medicine. I working with individuals, children, adolescents,couples and families.
(631) 740-7022 View (631) 740-7022
Heart and Soul Counseling, LCSW, PC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified Verified
East Quogue, NY 11942
Heart and Soul Counseling, LCSW, PC is a progressive, comprehensive mental health center that offers psychotherapy, medication management, genetic testing and drama workshops in office. We offer individual, couples and family counseling to all populations including veterans, trauma victims, LGBTQI, older adults, teens and children. We take most insurances, Medicaid managed plans and Medicare. Some providers are Spanish speaking. We are pet friendly. We offer three office locations in Babylon, Wantagh and East Quogue, NY. We have over 30 years experience in the field of mental health.
Heart and Soul Counseling, LCSW, PC is a progressive, comprehensive mental health center that offers psychotherapy, medication management, genetic testing and drama workshops in office. We offer individual, couples and family counseling to all populations including veterans, trauma victims, LGBTQI, older adults, teens and children. We take most insurances, Medicaid managed plans and Medicare. Some providers are Spanish speaking. We are pet friendly. We offer three office locations in Babylon, Wantagh and East Quogue, NY. We have over 30 years experience in the field of mental health.
(631) 392-6107 View (631) 392-6107
Photo of Callie Jo Barker, MFA, MA, ATR-P, CAT-LP, Pre-Licensed Professional
Callie Jo Barker
Pre-Licensed Professional, MFA, MA, ATR-P, CAT-LP
Verified Verified
East Quogue, NY 11942
With a focus on youth and adolescent populations, I utilize psychodynamic and cognitive behavioral approaches to meet the individual needs of the client. Sessions focus on helping clients process their unique emotions and experiences by promoting emotional intelligence skills (like self-awareness and self-regulation), improving communication skills, addressing trauma, building self-esteem, relieving stress, incorporating positive coping skills, encouraging a sense of autonomy, and offering a safe space of exploration.
With a focus on youth and adolescent populations, I utilize psychodynamic and cognitive behavioral approaches to meet the individual needs of the client. Sessions focus on helping clients process their unique emotions and experiences by promoting emotional intelligence skills (like self-awareness and self-regulation), improving communication skills, addressing trauma, building self-esteem, relieving stress, incorporating positive coping skills, encouraging a sense of autonomy, and offering a safe space of exploration.
(631) 860-6901 View (631) 860-6901
Photo of Rachel Strax-Haber, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Rachel Strax-Haber
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
East Quogue, NY 11942  (Online Only)
In my work with clients, it is my foremost goal, that client's should feel understood, empowered, and supported as they navigate their personal journeys. I work with clients who are looking for a collaborative relationship, where they are seen as the experts in their own lives, and therapy is a tool to help them follow the paths that best support their personal development and well-being. Clients may be experiencing a variety of issues including anxiety, depression, stress or difficulties in managing emotions and relationships.
In my work with clients, it is my foremost goal, that client's should feel understood, empowered, and supported as they navigate their personal journeys. I work with clients who are looking for a collaborative relationship, where they are seen as the experts in their own lives, and therapy is a tool to help them follow the paths that best support their personal development and well-being. Clients may be experiencing a variety of issues including anxiety, depression, stress or difficulties in managing emotions and relationships.
(347) 601-2862 View (347) 601-2862

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Hayden Cruz, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Hayden Cruz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Hampton Bays, NY 11946
At East End Mental Health, we believe in the integrative approach to behavioral health and psychiatric care. We offer our clients comprehensive array of treatment options which include individual psychotherapy, couples counseling, psychotherapy groups, psychiatric evaluations, psychopharmacotherapies, and laboratory diagnostic/genetic testing services.
At East End Mental Health, we believe in the integrative approach to behavioral health and psychiatric care. We offer our clients comprehensive array of treatment options which include individual psychotherapy, couples counseling, psychotherapy groups, psychiatric evaluations, psychopharmacotherapies, and laboratory diagnostic/genetic testing services.
(631) 685-2002 View (631) 685-2002
Photo of Andrea Goodman, LCSW, MA,  MEd, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Andrea Goodman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MA, MEd
Verified Verified
Quogue, NY 11959
I am passionate about assisting neurodiverse clients on their own journeys to a more fulfilled life. Together we work towards understanding an ASD or ADHD diagnosis and how this may influence life experiences at all stages of life. Maybe you are struggling with self-acceptance or a healthy sense of self? I believe everyone has the possibility for change and to thrive. We will work on integrating all areas of your life, setting realistic goals and personal growth. What are the patterns of thinking and behavior that may be keeping you “stuck?” We will use your strengths to help navigate life’s transitions & obstacles.
I am passionate about assisting neurodiverse clients on their own journeys to a more fulfilled life. Together we work towards understanding an ASD or ADHD diagnosis and how this may influence life experiences at all stages of life. Maybe you are struggling with self-acceptance or a healthy sense of self? I believe everyone has the possibility for change and to thrive. We will work on integrating all areas of your life, setting realistic goals and personal growth. What are the patterns of thinking and behavior that may be keeping you “stuck?” We will use your strengths to help navigate life’s transitions & obstacles.
View
Photo of Gail Smith, LCSW-R, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Gail Smith
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R
Verified Verified
Quogue, NY 11959
Sometimes life is difficult. Asking for help can take a lot of courage. Together we will access your courage and strengths to create the postive changes you hope for in your life. Let me help.
Sometimes life is difficult. Asking for help can take a lot of courage. Together we will access your courage and strengths to create the postive changes you hope for in your life. Let me help.
(631) 956-8361 View (631) 956-8361
Photo of Maggie Bloomfield, LCSW, CASAC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Maggie Bloomfield
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CASAC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Quogue, NY 11959
I specialize in Substance Use Disorder, mood disorders, PTSD, and life crises, and treat individuals, over age 15, couples, and families, using client-centered talk therapy, CBT, and writing therapy. As Certified Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Counselor (CASAC) for 25 years,I worked and supervised inpatient and outpatient. and taught the CASAC curriculum at Marymount and CCNY. As LCSW, (Stony Brook, 1997 and Post-Graduate Center for Mental Health (PCMH), I have maintained a private practice for 27 years in Westhampton Beach, NY. My passion is to motivate and facilitate clients toward positive change.
I specialize in Substance Use Disorder, mood disorders, PTSD, and life crises, and treat individuals, over age 15, couples, and families, using client-centered talk therapy, CBT, and writing therapy. As Certified Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Counselor (CASAC) for 25 years,I worked and supervised inpatient and outpatient. and taught the CASAC curriculum at Marymount and CCNY. As LCSW, (Stony Brook, 1997 and Post-Graduate Center for Mental Health (PCMH), I have maintained a private practice for 27 years in Westhampton Beach, NY. My passion is to motivate and facilitate clients toward positive change.
(631) 714-2782 View (631) 714-2782
Photo of Candice Baugh, MA, LMHC, Counselor
Candice Baugh
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified Verified
Quogue, NY 11959
Do you become easily distracted and have difficulty completing important projects? Have you ever been diagnosed with ADHD or think you may have it? Do impulsivity and intense emotional reactions disrupt your relationships? Do you feel indecisive about your life direction and feel frustrated that you are not reaching your potential? If you answered yes to any of those questions, you clicked on the right profile. My name is Candice Baugh. I help ambitious adolescents and adults with ADHD reset and get their lives on track.
Do you become easily distracted and have difficulty completing important projects? Have you ever been diagnosed with ADHD or think you may have it? Do impulsivity and intense emotional reactions disrupt your relationships? Do you feel indecisive about your life direction and feel frustrated that you are not reaching your potential? If you answered yes to any of those questions, you clicked on the right profile. My name is Candice Baugh. I help ambitious adolescents and adults with ADHD reset and get their lives on track.
(631) 925-2078 View (631) 925-2078
Photo of Prof. Demi Kostouros, LMHC, RBT, Lcoach, Couples, ADHD, Counselor
Prof. Demi Kostouros
Counselor, LMHC, RBT, Lcoach, Couples, ADHD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hampton Bays, NY 11946
Struggling in your relationship? Whether you're dealing with the aftermath of infidelity, facing communication, trust and intimacy issues, feeling like your partner doesn't understand you, or dealing with a divorce, we' re here! What sets us apart is our structured approach. We'll start with weekly sessions, then transition to biweekly, and eventually monthly meetings. Plus, after your "graduation", we'll have two check-ins per year to ensure those healthy habits stick. In between sessions, we'll assign tasks to work on your relationship, and you'll have access to us outside of appointments for advice and support.
Struggling in your relationship? Whether you're dealing with the aftermath of infidelity, facing communication, trust and intimacy issues, feeling like your partner doesn't understand you, or dealing with a divorce, we' re here! What sets us apart is our structured approach. We'll start with weekly sessions, then transition to biweekly, and eventually monthly meetings. Plus, after your "graduation", we'll have two check-ins per year to ensure those healthy habits stick. In between sessions, we'll assign tasks to work on your relationship, and you'll have access to us outside of appointments for advice and support.
(929) 280-7729 View (929) 280-7729
Photo of Esther Gralnick, MA, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Esther Gralnick
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, LCSW
Verified Verified
Hampton Bays, NY 11946
People come to me with emotionally painful life issues and conflicts. I work with individuals who are curious about gaining insight into their minds in order to lead happier and more productive lives.
People come to me with emotionally painful life issues and conflicts. I work with individuals who are curious about gaining insight into their minds in order to lead happier and more productive lives.
(631) 892-4826 View (631) 892-4826
Photo of Sarah Young, LMHC, Counselor
Sarah Young
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hampton Bays, NY 11946
You deserve to enjoy life to the fullest. My goal as a therapist is to help you embrace everything life has to offer with ease and confidence. I know life’s challenges can feel overwhelming, producing emotions that can be difficult to process and overcome. I will provide you with a safe, accepting and respectful environment for you to share your experiences without fear of judgment. My approach is kind, genuine and centered on you.
You deserve to enjoy life to the fullest. My goal as a therapist is to help you embrace everything life has to offer with ease and confidence. I know life’s challenges can feel overwhelming, producing emotions that can be difficult to process and overcome. I will provide you with a safe, accepting and respectful environment for you to share your experiences without fear of judgment. My approach is kind, genuine and centered on you.
(631) 430-5012 View (631) 430-5012

See more therapy options for East Quogue

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in East Quogue, NY

10+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in East Quogue, NY who prioritize treating:

100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% Coping Skills
100% Self Esteem
83% Relationship Issues
83% Family Conflict
67% Grief

Average years in practice

15 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

89% Cigna and Evernorth
56% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
56% Empire BlueCross BlueShield

How Therapists in East Quogue, NY see their clients

67% In Person and Online
33% Online Only

Gender breakdown

100% Female
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in East Quogue?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.