Photo of Paola Soto-Ruiz, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Paola Soto-Ruiz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Vero Beach, FL 32960
I have the privilege of working with clients from diverse backgrounds who seek to make positive changes in their lives. Clients come facing a variety of emotional difficulties and distressing experiences. These painful symptoms and experiences can impact their ability to function and enjoy life, making it essential to seek support and guidance.
I have the privilege of working with clients from diverse backgrounds who seek to make positive changes in their lives. Clients come facing a variety of emotional difficulties and distressing experiences. These painful symptoms and experiences can impact their ability to function and enjoy life, making it essential to seek support and guidance.
(772) 247-3654 View (772) 247-3654
Photo of Michelle Boyles, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Michelle Boyles
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Vero Beach, FL 32960
Emotional disturbance, difficult managing stress or life transitions, substance abuse, relationship problems, unresolved grief, trauma issues - all of these things can have a profound impact on our ability to maintain daily functioning and family/ work responsibilities. The name Mindful Monarch represents the fact that psychotherapy is a purposeful, transformative journey with the overreaching goal of helping clients achieve personal growth similar to the transition of a caterpillar into a butterfly.
Emotional disturbance, difficult managing stress or life transitions, substance abuse, relationship problems, unresolved grief, trauma issues - all of these things can have a profound impact on our ability to maintain daily functioning and family/ work responsibilities. The name Mindful Monarch represents the fact that psychotherapy is a purposeful, transformative journey with the overreaching goal of helping clients achieve personal growth similar to the transition of a caterpillar into a butterfly.
(321) 221-5495 View (321) 221-5495
Photo of undefined - Lori Nelson LMHC Inc., MA, EdS, LMHC, Counselor
Lori Nelson LMHC Inc.
Counselor, MA, EdS, LMHC
Verified Verified
10 Endorsed
Vero Beach, FL 32960
Your well-being is my top priority. I am here to support you through the challenges of anxiety, depression, stress, trauma, low self-esteem, and relationship issues. Emotions can be overwhelming, and when internal pressures build, it’s easy to feel like life is spiraling out of control. In times of severe stress, it’s not uncommon to feel as though everything is falling apart. My commitment is to guide you through healing and change, helping you restore meaning, purpose, and connection in your life. Contact me today to embark on a journey towards discovering the best in yourself. It’s your time for transformation!
Your well-being is my top priority. I am here to support you through the challenges of anxiety, depression, stress, trauma, low self-esteem, and relationship issues. Emotions can be overwhelming, and when internal pressures build, it’s easy to feel like life is spiraling out of control. In times of severe stress, it’s not uncommon to feel as though everything is falling apart. My commitment is to guide you through healing and change, helping you restore meaning, purpose, and connection in your life. Contact me today to embark on a journey towards discovering the best in yourself. It’s your time for transformation!
(772) 245-6947 View (772) 245-6947
Photo of Pilar Greto, MS, LMHC, Counselor
Pilar Greto
Counselor, MS, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Vero Beach, FL 32960
We all have gone through some stressful and traumatic events in our lives and although we consciously know that, what we lived, are past events, at times, those past events somehow become our present that seem to interfere with our ability to form and maintain positive relationships in our lives and feel good about ourselves. I can help you freeing yourself from the past and have present clarity to create your true you, so you can live your life with purpose. I am fully bi-lingual in English and Spanish and enjoy working with clients from all different backgrounds.
We all have gone through some stressful and traumatic events in our lives and although we consciously know that, what we lived, are past events, at times, those past events somehow become our present that seem to interfere with our ability to form and maintain positive relationships in our lives and feel good about ourselves. I can help you freeing yourself from the past and have present clarity to create your true you, so you can live your life with purpose. I am fully bi-lingual in English and Spanish and enjoy working with clients from all different backgrounds.
(772) 248-4101 View (772) 248-4101
Photo of Azat Karen Jones, MA, LMHC, EMDR, Counselor
Azat Karen Jones
Counselor, MA, LMHC, EMDR
Verified Verified
Vero Beach, FL 32960
My passion lies in helping individuals who struggle with mental health and addiction issues, particularly those who have experienced trauma. My own personal journey has fueled my commitment to helping others, and I have dedicated my education and career to empower individuals to discover their authentic selves and purpose. As a Mental Health Counselor and EMDR therapist, I believe that the answers to a person's struggles lie within themselves, and I strive to create a safe environment where they can begin to heal from the underlying core issues that lead to destructive behaviors.
My passion lies in helping individuals who struggle with mental health and addiction issues, particularly those who have experienced trauma. My own personal journey has fueled my commitment to helping others, and I have dedicated my education and career to empower individuals to discover their authentic selves and purpose. As a Mental Health Counselor and EMDR therapist, I believe that the answers to a person's struggles lie within themselves, and I strive to create a safe environment where they can begin to heal from the underlying core issues that lead to destructive behaviors.
(772) 494-2967 View (772) 494-2967
Photo of Azat Karen Jones, MA, LMHC, EMDR
Azat Karen Jones
Licensed Mental Health Counselor, MA, LMHC, EMDR
Verified Verified
Vero Beach, FL 32960
My passion lies in helping individuals who struggle with mental health and addiction issues, particularly those who have experienced trauma. My own personal journey has fueled my commitment to helping others, and I have dedicated my education and career to empower individuals to discover their authentic selves and purpose. As a Mental Health Counselor and EMDR therapist, I believe that the answers to a person's struggles lie within themselves, and I strive to create a safe environment where they can begin to heal from the underlying core issues that lead to destructive behaviors.
My passion lies in helping individuals who struggle with mental health and addiction issues, particularly those who have experienced trauma. My own personal journey has fueled my commitment to helping others, and I have dedicated my education and career to empower individuals to discover their authentic selves and purpose. As a Mental Health Counselor and EMDR therapist, I believe that the answers to a person's struggles lie within themselves, and I strive to create a safe environment where they can begin to heal from the underlying core issues that lead to destructive behaviors.
(772) 404-3972 View (772) 404-3972
Photo of undefined - Windsong Wellness, LMFT, CASM-II, Marriage & Family Therapist
Windsong Wellness
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, CASM-II
Verified Verified
Vero Beach, FL 32960  (Online Only)
At Windsong Wellness, we look to help you get the life you want. We specialize in working with addiction, anger management, trauma, and relationships. Let us help you. If you have Aetna, United Healthcare, Oxford, or Oscar: you can schedule at https://headway.co/providers/brett-lieberman for your therapy needs. If you have other insurance, then you can schedule your appointment for teletherapy at www.windsongwellness.org.
At Windsong Wellness, we look to help you get the life you want. We specialize in working with addiction, anger management, trauma, and relationships. Let us help you. If you have Aetna, United Healthcare, Oxford, or Oscar: you can schedule at https://headway.co/providers/brett-lieberman for your therapy needs. If you have other insurance, then you can schedule your appointment for teletherapy at www.windsongwellness.org.
(772) 675-4111 View (772) 675-4111
Photo of Nikki Rodriguez, MS, LMHC, RYT, Counselor
Nikki Rodriguez
Counselor, MS, LMHC, RYT
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Vero Beach, FL 32960
You have the power to write your own story! I respect that you are the expert in your life and may need assistance in gaining a new perspective in a nonjudgmental space. The therapeutic relationship is sacred to me, and I focus on developing a strong alliance with my clients. I am passionate about assisting those struggling with anxiety and emotional disturbance, overcoming a major life transition or past trauma, and developing a stronger sense of self. Working together, you will develop new skills and insights that will help you live a healthy and more fulfilling life.
You have the power to write your own story! I respect that you are the expert in your life and may need assistance in gaining a new perspective in a nonjudgmental space. The therapeutic relationship is sacred to me, and I focus on developing a strong alliance with my clients. I am passionate about assisting those struggling with anxiety and emotional disturbance, overcoming a major life transition or past trauma, and developing a stronger sense of self. Working together, you will develop new skills and insights that will help you live a healthy and more fulfilling life.
(772) 222-3244 View (772) 222-3244
Photo of Karen P Mattern, LCSW, ABD, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Karen P Mattern
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, ABD
Verified Verified
Vero Beach, FL 32960
Major life transitions can be very stressful. We often need guidance and support navigating new situations, but who can help? Family and friends may not provide an adequate level of support. You may need help with conflicted relationships, honing communication skills, coping with stress and anxiety, addressing feelings of despondency, or coping with a death or other losses. Perhaps you need to learn how to set healthy boundaries, increase self-esteem, learn strategies to cope with adversity, or you may simply desire to be heard. My areas of specialization are grief and loss, depression, anxiety, and those with a history of trauma.
Major life transitions can be very stressful. We often need guidance and support navigating new situations, but who can help? Family and friends may not provide an adequate level of support. You may need help with conflicted relationships, honing communication skills, coping with stress and anxiety, addressing feelings of despondency, or coping with a death or other losses. Perhaps you need to learn how to set healthy boundaries, increase self-esteem, learn strategies to cope with adversity, or you may simply desire to be heard. My areas of specialization are grief and loss, depression, anxiety, and those with a history of trauma.
(772) 758-7750 View (772) 758-7750
Photo of undefined - Center for Mood Disorders Inc, MA, LMHC, Counselor
Center for Mood Disorders Inc
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Vero Beach, FL 32960  (Online Only)
My goal is to provide real relief and alleviate emotional distress using intensive brief therapies for Bipolar and Mood Disorders, Anxiety, Trauma, Grief, Psychosis, Phobias, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders, ADHD, and Interpersonal Conflict. I offer a comfortable and nurturing environment, tailor specific treatment goals to each individual client's needs, and utilize complimentary natural solutions to help the mind and body in recovery. Individual and family psychotherapy treatment focus includes: Bipolar Disorder, Depression, Anxiety, Trauma - Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Multicultural Counseling, Intensive two week outpatient programs are also offered for clients and families in crisis.
My goal is to provide real relief and alleviate emotional distress using intensive brief therapies for Bipolar and Mood Disorders, Anxiety, Trauma, Grief, Psychosis, Phobias, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders, ADHD, and Interpersonal Conflict. I offer a comfortable and nurturing environment, tailor specific treatment goals to each individual client's needs, and utilize complimentary natural solutions to help the mind and body in recovery. Individual and family psychotherapy treatment focus includes: Bipolar Disorder, Depression, Anxiety, Trauma - Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Multicultural Counseling, Intensive two week outpatient programs are also offered for clients and families in crisis.
(772) 617-4468 View (772) 617-4468
Photo of undefined - Gabrielle P. Hackett, Psy.D., LLC, PsyD, Psychologist
Gabrielle P. Hackett, Psy.D., LLC
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Vero Beach, FL 32960
Waitlist for new clients
It can be difficult to come to a psychologist's office to speak about our lives and people often suffer in silence because they believe their problems are too large, too small, unimportant or that nothing can bring about change. It is important to work through the things that cause us depression, anxiety or discomfort. Therefore, I approach every person as a special individual having unique experiences. While providing a safe, relaxing setting, I look for ways we can work together to change even the most tumultuous circumstances into calm, peaceful situations which lead a client to have enjoyable lives.
It can be difficult to come to a psychologist's office to speak about our lives and people often suffer in silence because they believe their problems are too large, too small, unimportant or that nothing can bring about change. It is important to work through the things that cause us depression, anxiety or discomfort. Therefore, I approach every person as a special individual having unique experiences. While providing a safe, relaxing setting, I look for ways we can work together to change even the most tumultuous circumstances into calm, peaceful situations which lead a client to have enjoyable lives.
(954) 654-7549 View (954) 654-7549
Photo of Gwen Zorc, MEd, LMHC, Counselor
Gwen Zorc
Counselor, MEd, LMHC
Verified Verified
Vero Beach, FL 32960
Would you like to resolve conflict, improve relationships, and increase feelings of well-being? Together, we will develop a plan of therapeutic action to identify and confront life situations that are challenging you. You can increase self-esteem and develop positive coping skills! Therapy includes setting goals and making healthy choices, which leads to living happier, more productive lives. Ask me about EMDR therapy to help resolve emotional distress that is a result of disturbing life experiences. You can increase positivity in your life! It is my privilege to walk with you on this journey of self awareness and growth.
Would you like to resolve conflict, improve relationships, and increase feelings of well-being? Together, we will develop a plan of therapeutic action to identify and confront life situations that are challenging you. You can increase self-esteem and develop positive coping skills! Therapy includes setting goals and making healthy choices, which leads to living happier, more productive lives. Ask me about EMDR therapy to help resolve emotional distress that is a result of disturbing life experiences. You can increase positivity in your life! It is my privilege to walk with you on this journey of self awareness and growth.
(772) 879-5585 View (772) 879-5585
Photo of Aurelio Ayuso, MSW, LCSW, CEI, QS, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Aurelio Ayuso
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, CEI, QS
Verified Verified
Vero Beach, FL 32960
Do you feel abandoned by those you love? Do you feel overwhelmed by feelings of dread due to past trauma? Are you consumed by shame? Is living for you a never ending feeling of worthlessness? How many times have you felt you don't belong, even within your own family or circle of friends? Once is too much and I can help. Divorce, loneliness doesn't have to be your future. Nor do anger issues, anxiety or depression. You deserve to have self-worth and a positive tomorrow. Feel free to reach out to me. You are not alone.
Do you feel abandoned by those you love? Do you feel overwhelmed by feelings of dread due to past trauma? Are you consumed by shame? Is living for you a never ending feeling of worthlessness? How many times have you felt you don't belong, even within your own family or circle of friends? Once is too much and I can help. Divorce, loneliness doesn't have to be your future. Nor do anger issues, anxiety or depression. You deserve to have self-worth and a positive tomorrow. Feel free to reach out to me. You are not alone.
(772) 261-9973 View (772) 261-9973
Photo of undefined - Eisert Counseling, LLC, LMHC, ASDCS, Counselor
Eisert Counseling, LLC
Counselor, LMHC, ASDCS
Verified Verified
Vero Beach, FL 32960
Are you looking to regain control of your life to reach your goals and dreams? Do you feel like no one understands what you are going through? Are you looking for a space to share your feelings freely without judgement? Well, you have come to the right place to get the help and support that you are looking for. My practice focuses on Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and also Person Centered Therapy. Person Centered allows you to guide the treatment process so it feels right for you. And to go at the pace that is comfortable for you. I will offer a calm and relaxing atmosphere for you to share your feelings and most challenging needs.
Are you looking to regain control of your life to reach your goals and dreams? Do you feel like no one understands what you are going through? Are you looking for a space to share your feelings freely without judgement? Well, you have come to the right place to get the help and support that you are looking for. My practice focuses on Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and also Person Centered Therapy. Person Centered allows you to guide the treatment process so it feels right for you. And to go at the pace that is comfortable for you. I will offer a calm and relaxing atmosphere for you to share your feelings and most challenging needs.
(772) 218-5581 View (772) 218-5581
Photo of Stephanie Buhler, RMHCI, MS, Pre-Licensed Professional
Stephanie Buhler
Pre-Licensed Professional, RMHCI, MS
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Vero Beach, FL 32960
Hello, I’m Stephanie! I believe it is important to tailor your therapy in a way that is unique to you and your story. I help my clients gain back control of their own life and while providing support and motivation. I have experience working with adults, couples, and adolescents. I am passionate about helping those who suffer from depression, anxiety, addiction, personality disorders, mood disorders, crisis intervention, trauma, and stressor-related disorders.
Hello, I’m Stephanie! I believe it is important to tailor your therapy in a way that is unique to you and your story. I help my clients gain back control of their own life and while providing support and motivation. I have experience working with adults, couples, and adolescents. I am passionate about helping those who suffer from depression, anxiety, addiction, personality disorders, mood disorders, crisis intervention, trauma, and stressor-related disorders.
(772) 934-9882 View (772) 934-9882
Photo of Thomas R. Metzinger, LCSW, CCHt, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Thomas R. Metzinger
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CCHt
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Vero Beach, FL 32960
My experience enables me to offer effective outpatient, individualized, psychological care. I treat a number of mental health disorders, and provide a neutral ground to individuals, families, and couples.
My experience enables me to offer effective outpatient, individualized, psychological care. I treat a number of mental health disorders, and provide a neutral ground to individuals, families, and couples.
(772) 291-0925 View (772) 291-0925
Photo of undefined - Ease Your Mind Counseling, PLLC, MEd, LMHC
Ease Your Mind Counseling, PLLC
Mental Health Counselor, MEd, LMHC
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Vero Beach, FL 32960
We are here to support you if it has been difficult to find balance in your daily life due to history of trauma, anxiety, depression, or if you struggle to set boundaries in relationships by consistently placing the needs of others above your own. Life's stressors can be overwhelming. Imagen finding a safe place to express yourself and the freedom to work through your inner struggles. Addressing our emotional and mental health needs are healthy components to self care.
We are here to support you if it has been difficult to find balance in your daily life due to history of trauma, anxiety, depression, or if you struggle to set boundaries in relationships by consistently placing the needs of others above your own. Life's stressors can be overwhelming. Imagen finding a safe place to express yourself and the freedom to work through your inner struggles. Addressing our emotional and mental health needs are healthy components to self care.
(772) 362-5131 View (772) 362-5131
Photo of Shawndre M Leydon, MA, LMHC, Counselor
Shawndre M Leydon
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Vero Beach, FL 32960
So many of us live stressful, anxiety provoking, hectic lives that it can be difficult to understand why our body and emotions react the way that they do. Whether it is past or present trauma, depression, anxiety, family issues, relationship problems, etc., we deserve to find a way to get help and live our best life. Utilizing eclectic methods such as CBT, DBT, motivational interviewing and a humanistic approach with clients, I have been a witness to many client’s successful transformations and growth in therapy.
So many of us live stressful, anxiety provoking, hectic lives that it can be difficult to understand why our body and emotions react the way that they do. Whether it is past or present trauma, depression, anxiety, family issues, relationship problems, etc., we deserve to find a way to get help and live our best life. Utilizing eclectic methods such as CBT, DBT, motivational interviewing and a humanistic approach with clients, I have been a witness to many client’s successful transformations and growth in therapy.
(772) 227-1445 View (772) 227-1445
Photo of Lisa Westcoat, LMHC, NCC, Counselor
Lisa Westcoat
Counselor, LMHC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Vero Beach, FL 32960  (Online Only)
Perhaps you're down or anxious - maybe you're unsure about the future of a relationship, or just feel that you aren't living the life you were meant to lead. Whatever your needs may be, I am here to offer support. Therapy is a process of growth and self-discovery, and in sessions I promote behavioral transformation by encouraging a positive outlook and the adoption of new attitudes and reactions. I have the tools and professional experience to help you get back on track.
Perhaps you're down or anxious - maybe you're unsure about the future of a relationship, or just feel that you aren't living the life you were meant to lead. Whatever your needs may be, I am here to offer support. Therapy is a process of growth and self-discovery, and in sessions I promote behavioral transformation by encouraging a positive outlook and the adoption of new attitudes and reactions. I have the tools and professional experience to help you get back on track.
(772) 213-0021 View (772) 213-0021
Photo of Andrea Holladay, MA, BCBA, CWC
Andrea Holladay
MA, BCBA, CWC
Verified Verified
Vero Beach, FL 32960
Experience in working with individuals diagnosed within the autism spectrum and related diagnoses, skills and experience include parent and staff training, teacher and school consultation, organizational skills, language and social based training, and addressing behavioral struggles with strategies and interventions. I have additional training in wellness and behavioral approach to making positive change.
Experience in working with individuals diagnosed within the autism spectrum and related diagnoses, skills and experience include parent and staff training, teacher and school consultation, organizational skills, language and social based training, and addressing behavioral struggles with strategies and interventions. I have additional training in wellness and behavioral approach to making positive change.
(772) 266-5443 View (772) 266-5443

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 32960

100+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in 32960 who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
86% Depression
80% Trauma and PTSD
77% Self Esteem
74% Relationship Issues
71% Coping Skills
64% Grief

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

77% Cigna and Evernorth
77% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
73% Optum

How Therapists in 32960 see their clients

81% In Person and Online
19% Online Only

Gender breakdown

85% Female
15% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 32960?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.