Photo of Dr. Nadine Phillips-Smart, Counselor in 02649, MA
Dr. Nadine Phillips-Smart
Counselor, PhD, LMHC, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Mashpee, MA 02649
All people are innately good & have the ability to heal themselves. Stressors are ever present in our everyday lives & are manifested in multiple ways. While these stressors can be the genesis of our problems, they are also the catalyst to starting the healing process. With a focus on life transitions, relationship distresses, traumatic experiences & other psychological concerns, we will in our collaborative work improve resiliency, empower, & restore. I consider myself an active therapist, combining experience, education, creativity, & a sense of humor with a down-to-earth approach to counseling in treating the whole person.
All people are innately good & have the ability to heal themselves. Stressors are ever present in our everyday lives & are manifested in multiple ways. While these stressors can be the genesis of our problems, they are also the catalyst to starting the healing process. With a focus on life transitions, relationship distresses, traumatic experiences & other psychological concerns, we will in our collaborative work improve resiliency, empower, & restore. I consider myself an active therapist, combining experience, education, creativity, & a sense of humor with a down-to-earth approach to counseling in treating the whole person.
(508) 388-5359 View (508) 388-5359
Photo of Lisa M Holmes, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 02649, MA
Lisa M Holmes
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, CCTP, CTMHP
Verified Verified
Mashpee, MA 02649  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
You're probably here because something in your life feels impossible right now. Just browsing around, looking at your options for a therapist is the first step in taking care of your mental health. You've chosen this moment because it's the right moment for you to start the work that will help you build the life you envision for yourself. I'm here to help and support you as you discover ways to create positive change and find a pathway to your true self. I believe in relentless empathy and constant curiosity and will partner with you in a non-judgmental way to help you build skills you will use for the rest of your life.
You're probably here because something in your life feels impossible right now. Just browsing around, looking at your options for a therapist is the first step in taking care of your mental health. You've chosen this moment because it's the right moment for you to start the work that will help you build the life you envision for yourself. I'm here to help and support you as you discover ways to create positive change and find a pathway to your true self. I believe in relentless empathy and constant curiosity and will partner with you in a non-judgmental way to help you build skills you will use for the rest of your life.
(508) 960-6617 View (508) 960-6617
Photo of Robert L Holmes, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 02649, MA
Robert L Holmes
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Mashpee, MA 02649
Over the last 9 years, I have worked with children, adolescents, and adults. I have seen the impact I, and those in my profession, have on them. I have grown to be appreciative of my influence and impact on them in their daily lives.
Over the last 9 years, I have worked with children, adolescents, and adults. I have seen the impact I, and those in my profession, have on them. I have grown to be appreciative of my influence and impact on them in their daily lives.
(508) 290-8621 View (508) 290-8621
Photo of Debra Bravman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 02649, MA
Debra Bravman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Mashpee, MA 02649
Welcome, I encourage you to learn about my practice. My primary focus is working with you in a safe, supportive partnership. Together we will work to promote healing, skill development and creativity for a fuller, meaningful life. I provide compassionate care to help you explore positive change, overcome life's challenges and achieve fulfillment in loving relationships and work. I will thoughtfully listen to your concerns and assist you in problem solving, gaining insight and attaining a capacity for contentment, joy and connectedness.
Welcome, I encourage you to learn about my practice. My primary focus is working with you in a safe, supportive partnership. Together we will work to promote healing, skill development and creativity for a fuller, meaningful life. I provide compassionate care to help you explore positive change, overcome life's challenges and achieve fulfillment in loving relationships and work. I will thoughtfully listen to your concerns and assist you in problem solving, gaining insight and attaining a capacity for contentment, joy and connectedness.
(774) 228-4722 View (774) 228-4722
Photo of Donna Jackson, Psychologist in 02649, MA
Donna Jackson
Psychologist
Verified Verified
Mashpee, MA 02649
Not accepting new clients
I have found that when someone is truly heard and understood that an internal shift occurs. This shift allows for greater flexibility, coping, and decision making. I work with people to clarify what they want, the options available to them, and the course of action that works best for them. This may mean working with thoughts, feelings, and/or behaviors that inhibit the desired changes or learning new skills and attitudes that promote bringing about these changes. I work to support the inherent human capacity for adaptability which becomes worn down by daily stressors and/or stressful life events.
I have found that when someone is truly heard and understood that an internal shift occurs. This shift allows for greater flexibility, coping, and decision making. I work with people to clarify what they want, the options available to them, and the course of action that works best for them. This may mean working with thoughts, feelings, and/or behaviors that inhibit the desired changes or learning new skills and attitudes that promote bringing about these changes. I work to support the inherent human capacity for adaptability which becomes worn down by daily stressors and/or stressful life events.
(774) 251-2275 View (774) 251-2275
Photo of Susan Fornaro, Counselor in 02649, MA
Susan Fornaro
Counselor, MA, LMHC, ATR
Verified Verified
Mashpee, MA 02649  (Online Only)
My goal is to help you see yourself more clearly by helping you quiet the chatter in your mind, slow down and listen to that small voice inside that knows everything you need to know to have the life you want. Using traditional talking therapy, and combinations of meditation, art, writing and role playing, many people are able to carve out that route to the heart of the matter hidden inside. It's a wonderful journey and I'd love to go there with you.
My goal is to help you see yourself more clearly by helping you quiet the chatter in your mind, slow down and listen to that small voice inside that knows everything you need to know to have the life you want. Using traditional talking therapy, and combinations of meditation, art, writing and role playing, many people are able to carve out that route to the heart of the matter hidden inside. It's a wonderful journey and I'd love to go there with you.
(508) 232-4346 View (508) 232-4346
Photo of Carolyn O'Connor, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 02649, MA
Carolyn O'Connor
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Mashpee, MA 02649  (Online Only)
Carolyn O'Connor, LICSW, offers individual psychotherapy for adults and older adults experiencing mental health issues. She treats a variety of issues including, but not limited to, depression, anxiety, grief, mood disorders and more. She specializes in treating adults who are managing roles as caregivers for aging adults with dementia, chronic illness and other conditions and disorders. She conducts ivirtual sessions only at this time and is accepting new clients. She will work with you on your treatment goals and building healthy coping skills to manage your symptoms.
Carolyn O'Connor, LICSW, offers individual psychotherapy for adults and older adults experiencing mental health issues. She treats a variety of issues including, but not limited to, depression, anxiety, grief, mood disorders and more. She specializes in treating adults who are managing roles as caregivers for aging adults with dementia, chronic illness and other conditions and disorders. She conducts ivirtual sessions only at this time and is accepting new clients. She will work with you on your treatment goals and building healthy coping skills to manage your symptoms.
(774) 484-1256 View (774) 484-1256
Photo of Karen Vernen Thompson LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 02649, MA
Karen Vernen Thompson LICSW
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICW, CADACII, LADCI
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Mashpee, MA 02649
Addiction ,depression ,anxiety and trauma are my specialties.I have worked with thousands of adolescents,couples. adults and familes over the last 29 years. Extensive training PTSD. MSW BOSTON COLLEGE LICENCE CLINCAL SOCIAL WORK. DRUG COUNSELOR IN MA. LADCI LICENCE. CERTIFED ALCOHOL AND DRUG ADDICTION COUNSELOR CADACII RAPID RESOLUTION TREATMENT CERTIFIED RRT
Addiction ,depression ,anxiety and trauma are my specialties.I have worked with thousands of adolescents,couples. adults and familes over the last 29 years. Extensive training PTSD. MSW BOSTON COLLEGE LICENCE CLINCAL SOCIAL WORK. DRUG COUNSELOR IN MA. LADCI LICENCE. CERTIFED ALCOHOL AND DRUG ADDICTION COUNSELOR CADACII RAPID RESOLUTION TREATMENT CERTIFIED RRT
(774) 462-5399 View (774) 462-5399
Photo of Natalie Loewen, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 02649, MA
Natalie Loewen
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Mashpee, MA 02649
Not accepting new clients
I don't have any evening or late afternoon appointments available. Changes and transitions in life, whether positive or negative, can be overwhelming. At some time in our lives, we can find ourselves facing depression, life circumstances, or navigating life’s transitions like aging. We can become overwhelmed with being a caregiver to children or a loved one with an illness. It’s important to learn how to cope with life’s variety of stressors.
I don't have any evening or late afternoon appointments available. Changes and transitions in life, whether positive or negative, can be overwhelming. At some time in our lives, we can find ourselves facing depression, life circumstances, or navigating life’s transitions like aging. We can become overwhelmed with being a caregiver to children or a loved one with an illness. It’s important to learn how to cope with life’s variety of stressors.
(508) 718-2102 View (508) 718-2102
Photo of Jill Garvin, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 02649, MA
Jill Garvin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Mashpee, MA 02649  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Therapy is about talking through your problems, but that’s only the beginning. When you develop a relationship with a caring, attuned therapist you will find new ways to solve problems, heal old wounds, and change the way you live. I’ve been a therapist for the better part of two decades. Working as a counselor and supporting hundreds of clients over the years has been an immense privilege. I am so glad to call it my life’s work. And it’s only the beginning. My goal is to assist you in becoming your most authentic self.
Therapy is about talking through your problems, but that’s only the beginning. When you develop a relationship with a caring, attuned therapist you will find new ways to solve problems, heal old wounds, and change the way you live. I’ve been a therapist for the better part of two decades. Working as a counselor and supporting hundreds of clients over the years has been an immense privilege. I am so glad to call it my life’s work. And it’s only the beginning. My goal is to assist you in becoming your most authentic self.
(508) 286-7982 View (508) 286-7982
Photo of Sarah J Stevenson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 02649, MA
Sarah J Stevenson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW , LICSW
Verified Verified
Mashpee, MA 02649
I counsel my clients through various life transitions, grief & loss, relationship struggles, career challenges, medical issues, family conflicts, depression, anxiety and other psychological/social/emotional difficulties. I promote overall well-being and personal growth with a holistic approach. I ensure that our sessions are centered around client goals and I approach therapy with a focus on strengths, and work together towards achieving positive outcomes. I am experienced in counseling diverse populations and I strive to create a safe and non-judgmental environment where individuals can freely express themselves.
I counsel my clients through various life transitions, grief & loss, relationship struggles, career challenges, medical issues, family conflicts, depression, anxiety and other psychological/social/emotional difficulties. I promote overall well-being and personal growth with a holistic approach. I ensure that our sessions are centered around client goals and I approach therapy with a focus on strengths, and work together towards achieving positive outcomes. I am experienced in counseling diverse populations and I strive to create a safe and non-judgmental environment where individuals can freely express themselves.
(508) 501-9404 View (508) 501-9404
Photo of Lori Berler, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 02649, MA
Lori Berler
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Mashpee, MA 02649
Has life become overwhelming,stressful,filled with anxiety or depression? My approach is empathetic, compassionate listening in a safe, supportive, judgement-free environment that fosters a sense of self and personal growth. Together we will seek to discover coping strategies to face and overcome life's challenges. Together we will seek to move forward and heal.
Has life become overwhelming,stressful,filled with anxiety or depression? My approach is empathetic, compassionate listening in a safe, supportive, judgement-free environment that fosters a sense of self and personal growth. Together we will seek to discover coping strategies to face and overcome life's challenges. Together we will seek to move forward and heal.
(508) 232-6772 View (508) 232-6772
Photo of Douglas Reichwein in 02649, MA
Douglas Reichwein
MA, MFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Mashpee, MA 02649
Is it possible to have a really good, satisfying relationship? I believe it is. Having a partnership that is growing, nurturing and fulfilling is not only possible - it is a skill that can be learned. As a Couple and Family Therapist, I have the latest training in relationship systems with an inclusive lens covering all types of relationships. Along with this evidence-based theory I bring a lifetime of psychological study and practice tested over time in my own partnership relationship. We never fight. Good communication skills and clear boundaries serve us well. Helping others find joy in their relationships is my highest calling.
Is it possible to have a really good, satisfying relationship? I believe it is. Having a partnership that is growing, nurturing and fulfilling is not only possible - it is a skill that can be learned. As a Couple and Family Therapist, I have the latest training in relationship systems with an inclusive lens covering all types of relationships. Along with this evidence-based theory I bring a lifetime of psychological study and practice tested over time in my own partnership relationship. We never fight. Good communication skills and clear boundaries serve us well. Helping others find joy in their relationships is my highest calling.
(508) 507-2276 View (508) 507-2276
Photo of Karin White, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 02649, MA
Karin White
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, IFS
Verified Verified
Mashpee, MA 02649
If you are feeling stuck in behaviors or attitudes that limit your ability to live a fuller life or impact your relationships, Internal Family Systems Therapy (IFS) can help you achieve the changes you desire. IFS is the framework I use to help individuals and couples move from where they are stuck into a more desirable way of relating and being internally, with their partner, family and in the world. In my 30 + years of practice I have found that IFS is the most gentle yet profound way to guide people in this transformation. IFS is a radically different way of understanding what happens inside of ourselves.
If you are feeling stuck in behaviors or attitudes that limit your ability to live a fuller life or impact your relationships, Internal Family Systems Therapy (IFS) can help you achieve the changes you desire. IFS is the framework I use to help individuals and couples move from where they are stuck into a more desirable way of relating and being internally, with their partner, family and in the world. In my 30 + years of practice I have found that IFS is the most gentle yet profound way to guide people in this transformation. IFS is a radically different way of understanding what happens inside of ourselves.
(774) 413-7848 View (774) 413-7848
Photo of Tracy Chapman, Counselor in 02649, MA
Tracy Chapman
Counselor, MA, LPC, LMHC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Mashpee, MA 02649
Are you struggling with confidence and feeling like life isn’t what it used to be? Stuck in a pattern of behavior that is causing you anxiety, sadness or depression? Is negative self-talk and low self-esteem keeping you from achieving your goals or forming strong relationships? Maybe you’ve experienced childhood or relational trauma that has you trapped, doubting your ability to heal. Consider booking an appointment to start the journey of healing, getting unstuck, and equip yourself with the tools to live a happy, healthy, full life.
Are you struggling with confidence and feeling like life isn’t what it used to be? Stuck in a pattern of behavior that is causing you anxiety, sadness or depression? Is negative self-talk and low self-esteem keeping you from achieving your goals or forming strong relationships? Maybe you’ve experienced childhood or relational trauma that has you trapped, doubting your ability to heal. Consider booking an appointment to start the journey of healing, getting unstuck, and equip yourself with the tools to live a happy, healthy, full life.
(508) 514-5811 View (508) 514-5811
Photo of Jane E Ginsberg, Psychologist in 02649, MA
Jane E Ginsberg
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Mashpee, MA 02649
Whether you are struggling with a loss, working through a life transition, challenged in a relationship, or wanting to change a pattern, it can be useful to have a compassionate, honest therapist helping you navigate. Life can be hard but with the right support, nothing is impossible. At different times in life we all become terrified, triggered, overwhelmed, or just realize things are not working. These times of crisis provide opportunities to look at things differently and make new, more grounded choices. I love this work and am comfortable with anything that might come up.
Whether you are struggling with a loss, working through a life transition, challenged in a relationship, or wanting to change a pattern, it can be useful to have a compassionate, honest therapist helping you navigate. Life can be hard but with the right support, nothing is impossible. At different times in life we all become terrified, triggered, overwhelmed, or just realize things are not working. These times of crisis provide opportunities to look at things differently and make new, more grounded choices. I love this work and am comfortable with anything that might come up.
(855) 332-1616 View (855) 332-1616
Photo of Zalis Counseling , Drug & Alcohol Counselor in 02649, MA
Zalis Counseling
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, MEd, LADC 1, CADC
Verified Verified
Mashpee, MA 02649
Are you tired of the way you have been feeling? Are you beginning to think your situation is hopeless? Have friends or relations mentioned your alcohol and/or drug use to you? Do you find you need to apologize for your behavior? Perhaps you have legal issues as a result of your use. Do you believe your alcohol and/or drug use may be to blame for the difficulty in your life? Or, instead, are you troubled by a loved one's substance use disorder? I am a professional who specializes in and has experience working with individuals, couples, and worried family members. If you are ready to take action, please contact me.
Are you tired of the way you have been feeling? Are you beginning to think your situation is hopeless? Have friends or relations mentioned your alcohol and/or drug use to you? Do you find you need to apologize for your behavior? Perhaps you have legal issues as a result of your use. Do you believe your alcohol and/or drug use may be to blame for the difficulty in your life? Or, instead, are you troubled by a loved one's substance use disorder? I am a professional who specializes in and has experience working with individuals, couples, and worried family members. If you are ready to take action, please contact me.
(508) 433-3083 View (508) 433-3083
Photo of Glen A Freiband, Counselor in 02649, MA
Glen A Freiband
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Mashpee, MA 02649
I have been a human being for 64 years, a practicing psychotherapist for 22. I invite you to stand shoulder to shoulder with me in our journey to ease your suffering and achieve your goals. Therapy offers many possibilities- seeing old problems in a new and open way, being more alive in the world, celebrating the possibility of wonder, or learning more effective strategies for relating. This means exploring and addressing various kinds of dilemmas and pain. It may simply mean support with your creative process, or more commonly, with the feeling that you are “stuck”.
I have been a human being for 64 years, a practicing psychotherapist for 22. I invite you to stand shoulder to shoulder with me in our journey to ease your suffering and achieve your goals. Therapy offers many possibilities- seeing old problems in a new and open way, being more alive in the world, celebrating the possibility of wonder, or learning more effective strategies for relating. This means exploring and addressing various kinds of dilemmas and pain. It may simply mean support with your creative process, or more commonly, with the feeling that you are “stuck”.
(774) 316-7564 View (774) 316-7564
Photo of Melissa A. Plourde, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 02649, MA
Melissa A. Plourde
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Mashpee, MA 02649
Waitlist for new clients
As your therapist, I believe in getting to know you and working together as a team through this process. I'm client-centered, and utilize a realistic, cognitive-behavioral therapeutic approach although my counseling style is dependent upon your individual needs. To me, establishing a trusting, empathic, judgment free environment is the key to building a relationship that will support and empower people to achieve their best selves. We will spend the first couple of sessions working on getting to know your needs and together, coming up with topics and goals to focus on.
As your therapist, I believe in getting to know you and working together as a team through this process. I'm client-centered, and utilize a realistic, cognitive-behavioral therapeutic approach although my counseling style is dependent upon your individual needs. To me, establishing a trusting, empathic, judgment free environment is the key to building a relationship that will support and empower people to achieve their best selves. We will spend the first couple of sessions working on getting to know your needs and together, coming up with topics and goals to focus on.
(774) 208-0505 View (774) 208-0505
Photo of Jeffrey A Gaudet, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 02649, MA
Jeffrey A Gaudet
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Mashpee, MA 02649
We live in a very confusing world. I am a Christian man and Clinical Social Worker who has a passion for working with people who are experiencing difficulty with coping with multiple life changes. I would encourage you to reach out and contact me to help you with the impact of these life events and the depression and anxiety that goes along with them. I have experience in dealing with the developmental issues of retirement, growing older successfully and maintaining a positive quality of life. I look forward to helping you with life stresses, depression, anxiety and losses that come with life transitions.
We live in a very confusing world. I am a Christian man and Clinical Social Worker who has a passion for working with people who are experiencing difficulty with coping with multiple life changes. I would encourage you to reach out and contact me to help you with the impact of these life events and the depression and anxiety that goes along with them. I have experience in dealing with the developmental issues of retirement, growing older successfully and maintaining a positive quality of life. I look forward to helping you with life stresses, depression, anxiety and losses that come with life transitions.
(774) 481-5056 View (774) 481-5056

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 02649

70+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in 02649 who prioritize treating:

96% Anxiety
91% Depression
80% Self Esteem
71% Relationship Issues
71% Coping Skills
69% Stress
67% Grief

Average years in practice

16 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

95% BlueCross and BlueShield
85% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
81% Optum

How Therapists in 02649 see their clients

73% In Person and Online
27% Online Only

Gender breakdown

76% Female
24% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 02649?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.