Therapists in Tupelo, MS

Photo of Farra O Criswell - Life Seasons Counseling,LLC , MS, LPC-S, BC-TMH, Licensed Professional Counselor
Life Seasons Counseling,LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC-S, BC-TMH
Verified Verified
Tupelo, MS 38804
Eccl. 3:1 "For everything there is a season..." . Each season of life has it's own unique challenges and issues, my goal is to help people navigate these challenges in a way that reflects their personal values. My Christian faith shapes my worldview however I recognize that not everyone shares that same faith experience. My desire is to empower you to have the skills you need to navigate life in all it's seasons.
Eccl. 3:1 "For everything there is a season..." . Each season of life has it's own unique challenges and issues, my goal is to help people navigate these challenges in a way that reflects their personal values. My Christian faith shapes my worldview however I recognize that not everyone shares that same faith experience. My desire is to empower you to have the skills you need to navigate life in all it's seasons.
(662) 723-3914 View (662) 723-3914
Photo of Belinda Tutor, EdS, NCC, RPT, Licensed Professional Counselor
Belinda Tutor
Licensed Professional Counselor, EdS, NCC, RPT
Verified Verified
Tupelo, MS 38804
I am dedicated to creating a safe, inclusive, and positive environment for children and adolescents. I strive to incorporate innovative and engaging techniques from various age-appropriate theories and frameworks, including Child-Centered Play Therapy, Aut-Play, Sand Tray, and Cognitive Behavior Therapy. My goal is to help clients achieve their therapy goals.
I am dedicated to creating a safe, inclusive, and positive environment for children and adolescents. I strive to incorporate innovative and engaging techniques from various age-appropriate theories and frameworks, including Child-Centered Play Therapy, Aut-Play, Sand Tray, and Cognitive Behavior Therapy. My goal is to help clients achieve their therapy goals.
(662) 780-2671 View (662) 780-2671
Photo of Jessica Floyd Roberts, MAMFT, LPC-S, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Jessica Floyd Roberts
Marriage & Family Therapist, MAMFT, LPC-S, LMFT
Verified Verified
Tupelo, MS 38804
Life is incredible, but it is not without challenges. I help distant couples, frustrated kids and parents, and families dealing with life's challenges.
Life is incredible, but it is not without challenges. I help distant couples, frustrated kids and parents, and families dealing with life's challenges.
(662) 468-1017 View (662) 468-1017
Photo of Dana Tate Bailey, MEd, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Dana Tate Bailey
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC
Verified Verified
Tupelo, MS 38801
I believe that everything we need in order to heal is within our internal reach. Sometimes we can access this healing on our own, and sometimes we need supportive, non-biased accompaniment so we can go deeper into our healing processes. Consider me your attentive support person. I look forward to working with you.
I believe that everything we need in order to heal is within our internal reach. Sometimes we can access this healing on our own, and sometimes we need supportive, non-biased accompaniment so we can go deeper into our healing processes. Consider me your attentive support person. I look forward to working with you.
(662) 262-8227 View (662) 262-8227
Photo of Sharon Gates-Albert, PhD, NCC, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Sharon Gates-Albert
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, NCC, LPC
Verified Verified
Tupelo, MS 38801
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor and Therapist in Mississippi since 1999. I hold a Master of Science degree in Counselor Education and a PhD in Educational Leadership. My experience in the field of mental healthcare spans over 30 years. I was a school administrator for six years and a former law enforcement officer for 10 years. I have worked with clients with a wide range of concerns including but not limited to depression, anxiety, relationship issues, couples, parenting problems, career challenges, PTSD and ADHD. I am a compassionate counselor, but I believe in individual accountability.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor and Therapist in Mississippi since 1999. I hold a Master of Science degree in Counselor Education and a PhD in Educational Leadership. My experience in the field of mental healthcare spans over 30 years. I was a school administrator for six years and a former law enforcement officer for 10 years. I have worked with clients with a wide range of concerns including but not limited to depression, anxiety, relationship issues, couples, parenting problems, career challenges, PTSD and ADHD. I am a compassionate counselor, but I believe in individual accountability.
(662) 729-6230 View (662) 729-6230
Photo of Trey Hill, MA, NCC, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Trey Hill
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, NCC, LPC
Verified Verified
Tupelo, MS 38801
Life isn’t always the easiest thing to do. Sometimes we get overwhelmed by situations, people, or even our own thoughts and feelings. You may have even asked yourself questions like "What's wrong with me?" or "Why don't I have all my stuff together like everyone else?" The good news is, we’re all in this together—you’re not alone! Whether you're struggling with obsessions or compulsions, deconstructing your faith, or navigating relationships, identity, or mental health issues, it can be helpful—and even freeing—to have someone to confide in.
Life isn’t always the easiest thing to do. Sometimes we get overwhelmed by situations, people, or even our own thoughts and feelings. You may have even asked yourself questions like "What's wrong with me?" or "Why don't I have all my stuff together like everyone else?" The good news is, we’re all in this together—you’re not alone! Whether you're struggling with obsessions or compulsions, deconstructing your faith, or navigating relationships, identity, or mental health issues, it can be helpful—and even freeing—to have someone to confide in.
(662) 339-1783 View (662) 339-1783
Photo of Leslie Chrestman, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Leslie Chrestman
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Tupelo, MS 38804
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor, specializing in helping those who struggle with anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder, depression, and trauma. I have a Master's Degree from The University of Mississippi in Counselor Education with a focus on Community Mental Health Counseling, and received my Bachelor's Degree in History from Mississippi State University. Outside of the counseling setting I enjoy exercising, baking, and spending time with my family as well as my dogs.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor, specializing in helping those who struggle with anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder, depression, and trauma. I have a Master's Degree from The University of Mississippi in Counselor Education with a focus on Community Mental Health Counseling, and received my Bachelor's Degree in History from Mississippi State University. Outside of the counseling setting I enjoy exercising, baking, and spending time with my family as well as my dogs.
(662) 337-7729 View (662) 337-7729
Photo of Daniele Taylor Nolan, MEd, LPC, BCTMH, Licensed Professional Counselor
Daniele Taylor Nolan
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC, BCTMH
Verified Verified
Tupelo, MS 38804
Not accepting new clients
My name is Daniele Nolan and I am a licensed therapist with 3 years of experience helping individuals, couples, and families overcome life’s challenges. As a therapist I believe that everyone has the capacity for growth and change, and that therapy can provide the tools and support needed to achieve personal and interpersonal goals. I am committed to creating a safe, non-judgmental space where you can explore your thoughts and feelings, gain insight into patterns and behaviors, and develop strategies for moving forward.
My name is Daniele Nolan and I am a licensed therapist with 3 years of experience helping individuals, couples, and families overcome life’s challenges. As a therapist I believe that everyone has the capacity for growth and change, and that therapy can provide the tools and support needed to achieve personal and interpersonal goals. I am committed to creating a safe, non-judgmental space where you can explore your thoughts and feelings, gain insight into patterns and behaviors, and develop strategies for moving forward.
(662) 767-7343 View (662) 767-7343
Photo of Kris Allen Riddle, LPC-S, Licensed Professional Counselor
Kris Allen Riddle
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC-S
Verified Verified
Tupelo, MS 38804
After graduating from the University of Mississippi with a Bachelor’s Degree in Psychology in 1996, Kris began his career working with Individuals with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. He earned his Masters Degree in Counselor Education in 2001, and became a Licensed Professional Counselor in 2008. Since then Kris has worked in Inpatient Psychiatric and Outpatient Settings. He has received training in Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavior Therapy (TFCBT) for children, the Gottman Method Level 2 for Couples Therapy, and Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing (EMDR).
After graduating from the University of Mississippi with a Bachelor’s Degree in Psychology in 1996, Kris began his career working with Individuals with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. He earned his Masters Degree in Counselor Education in 2001, and became a Licensed Professional Counselor in 2008. Since then Kris has worked in Inpatient Psychiatric and Outpatient Settings. He has received training in Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavior Therapy (TFCBT) for children, the Gottman Method Level 2 for Couples Therapy, and Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing (EMDR).
(662) 430-3746 View (662) 430-3746
Photo of Holly Ford Palmer, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Holly Ford Palmer
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Tupelo, MS 38804
Have you found yourself dealing with experiences, thoughts, or emotions that feel out of control or overwhelming? Life is messy on this side of Heaven and you do not have to go through it alone. I believe we were created to be in connection with other people but often our experiences and unhealthy relationships have made that difficult. The support and connection from a skilled therapist can be invaluable when you find yourself in those broken moments. It is my hope that for at least one hour each week, you can come, sip on some coffee or tea and not feel like you have to fix everything on your own.
Have you found yourself dealing with experiences, thoughts, or emotions that feel out of control or overwhelming? Life is messy on this side of Heaven and you do not have to go through it alone. I believe we were created to be in connection with other people but often our experiences and unhealthy relationships have made that difficult. The support and connection from a skilled therapist can be invaluable when you find yourself in those broken moments. It is my hope that for at least one hour each week, you can come, sip on some coffee or tea and not feel like you have to fix everything on your own.
(769) 227-4022 View (769) 227-4022
Photo of Angie Gillespie, LPC , Licensed Professional Counselor
Angie Gillespie
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Tupelo, MS 38804
Angie Gillespie is a Board Certified Mental Health Counselor specializing in issues of anxiety and depression with adults and adolescents. Angie believes it is important to give people an opportunity to share their struggles in a safe, supportive space so they can become a better, healthier version of themselves. Angie knows that achieving healthy mental wellbeing can be a difficult process and believes in helping her clients take charge of their lives through their thoughts and actions to achieve the success they desire.
Angie Gillespie is a Board Certified Mental Health Counselor specializing in issues of anxiety and depression with adults and adolescents. Angie believes it is important to give people an opportunity to share their struggles in a safe, supportive space so they can become a better, healthier version of themselves. Angie knows that achieving healthy mental wellbeing can be a difficult process and believes in helping her clients take charge of their lives through their thoughts and actions to achieve the success they desire.
(662) 670-8012 View (662) 670-8012
Photo of Angie B Gillespie, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Angie B Gillespie
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Tupelo, MS 38804
Are you sad? Are you afraid? Are you tired? Is the trauma from your past getting in your way today? I want to help. I want to help you move through the sadness, face your fears, and overcome the trauma of your past, so you can live with joy in the present and renewed hope for your future. I know it can be difficult to share your struggles. It can be difficult to know who to turn to. I want to help.
Are you sad? Are you afraid? Are you tired? Is the trauma from your past getting in your way today? I want to help. I want to help you move through the sadness, face your fears, and overcome the trauma of your past, so you can live with joy in the present and renewed hope for your future. I know it can be difficult to share your struggles. It can be difficult to know who to turn to. I want to help.
(662) 602-1118 View (662) 602-1118
Photo of Melanie Kay Elmore, M Ed, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Melanie Kay Elmore
Licensed Professional Counselor, M Ed, LPC
Verified Verified
Tupelo, MS 38801
In my 10 years of practice as a counselor, I have had the great honor to walk alongside people from all walks of life as they find healing and improve their relationship with themselves and those that they love. I practice from a person-centered approach and believe that my clients are the experts of their own lives and experiences.
In my 10 years of practice as a counselor, I have had the great honor to walk alongside people from all walks of life as they find healing and improve their relationship with themselves and those that they love. I practice from a person-centered approach and believe that my clients are the experts of their own lives and experiences.
(662) 799-4764 View (662) 799-4764
Photo of Annette C Riddle - Riddle's Focused Consulting & Counseling Services, MS, EdD, NCC, BC-TMH, Licensed Professional Counselor
Riddle's Focused Consulting & Counseling Services
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, EdD, NCC, BC-TMH
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Tupelo, MS 38801  (Online Only)
Struggling with anger, depression, anxiety, stress, or behavioral challenges can deeply affect your mental health, hindering your personal and professional growth. However, there is immense potential for meaningful change. By addressing these issues and acquiring effective coping skills, you can pave the way for transformative shifts in your life.
Struggling with anger, depression, anxiety, stress, or behavioral challenges can deeply affect your mental health, hindering your personal and professional growth. However, there is immense potential for meaningful change. By addressing these issues and acquiring effective coping skills, you can pave the way for transformative shifts in your life.
(662) 493-3968 View (662) 493-3968
Photo of Laura Ann Moore - Faith Christian Counseling, LLC, MA, LPC, BC-TMH, Licensed Professional Counselor
Faith Christian Counseling, LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, BC-TMH
Verified Verified
Tupelo, MS 38804
We all want to be heard, accepted, loved, and understood regardless of the issues or life circumstances we are facing. Whether you struggle with anxiety/depression or you have a diagnosed disorder that causes impairment in your daily function, I can help with a renewed perspective, coping skills, and safe place to talk. My Mission statement is Restore, Renew, Refresh. Ephesians 6:16 “In all circumstances take up the shield of faith...". Counseling is a process, not a one and done deal. Healing and growth require a person to work 100% of the time emotionally, mentally, and physically.
We all want to be heard, accepted, loved, and understood regardless of the issues or life circumstances we are facing. Whether you struggle with anxiety/depression or you have a diagnosed disorder that causes impairment in your daily function, I can help with a renewed perspective, coping skills, and safe place to talk. My Mission statement is Restore, Renew, Refresh. Ephesians 6:16 “In all circumstances take up the shield of faith...". Counseling is a process, not a one and done deal. Healing and growth require a person to work 100% of the time emotionally, mentally, and physically.
(662) 235-8874 View (662) 235-8874
Photo of Sally Eleanor West - West Counseling Services, LLC, MS, LMFT, NCC, Marriage & Family Therapist
West Counseling Services, LLC
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT, NCC
Verified Verified
Tupelo, MS 38801
LIFE CAN BE DIFFICULT, ESPECIALLY WHEN SOMETHING UNEXPECTED HAPPENS. FEELINGS OF ANGER, DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY ARE NORMAL FEELINGS FOR ALL OF US. HOWEVER, IF THEY GET OUT OF CONTROL OR INTERFERE WITH OUR DAILY FUNCTIONING...THAT IS A RED FLAG THAT A PERSON NEEDS HELP. COUNSELING OFFERS COPING STRATEGIES TO HELP A PERSON GET THEIR LIFE BACK ON TRACK. I SPECIALIZE IN RATIONALE EMOTIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY (REBT) AND COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY AND CAN OFFER YOU THE TOOLS TO START LIVING INSTEAD OF JUST EXISTING.
LIFE CAN BE DIFFICULT, ESPECIALLY WHEN SOMETHING UNEXPECTED HAPPENS. FEELINGS OF ANGER, DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY ARE NORMAL FEELINGS FOR ALL OF US. HOWEVER, IF THEY GET OUT OF CONTROL OR INTERFERE WITH OUR DAILY FUNCTIONING...THAT IS A RED FLAG THAT A PERSON NEEDS HELP. COUNSELING OFFERS COPING STRATEGIES TO HELP A PERSON GET THEIR LIFE BACK ON TRACK. I SPECIALIZE IN RATIONALE EMOTIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY (REBT) AND COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY AND CAN OFFER YOU THE TOOLS TO START LIVING INSTEAD OF JUST EXISTING.
(662) 231-6195 View (662) 231-6195
Photo of Dr. Kana Crumby, PhD, CST, LPC, BC-TMH, Licensed Professional Counselor
Dr. Kana Crumby
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, CST, LPC, BC-TMH
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Tupelo, MS 38801
Waitlist for new clients
Maya Angelou said, “There is no greater agony than bearing an untold story inside you." I feel one of the bravest things you can ever do is the work of understanding your own story. Because of that, I'm passionate about helping you find freedom and growth by rewriting the parts of your story that have left you with a negative self-image. I believe therapy is collaborative, and together, we can work to heal the scars preventing you from living your full potential. Our relationship is a safe space to explore deep pain, shame, and trauma. Understanding our stories deepens and reshapes our lives, and I can’t wait to hear yours!
Maya Angelou said, “There is no greater agony than bearing an untold story inside you." I feel one of the bravest things you can ever do is the work of understanding your own story. Because of that, I'm passionate about helping you find freedom and growth by rewriting the parts of your story that have left you with a negative self-image. I believe therapy is collaborative, and together, we can work to heal the scars preventing you from living your full potential. Our relationship is a safe space to explore deep pain, shame, and trauma. Understanding our stories deepens and reshapes our lives, and I can’t wait to hear yours!
(662) 371-1711 View (662) 371-1711
Photo of Colby Cuevas, P-LPC, Pre-Licensed Professional
Colby Cuevas
Pre-Licensed Professional, P-LPC
Verified Verified
Tupelo, MS 38804
Whether going through life challenges, relationship struggles, or just finding yourself "stuck," one of the best things to help is to invest in yourself. Would you be willing to let someone come alongside you who is trained to listen more deeply, look at things that you may or may not have considered, and provide a safe place to be brave? Making life changes can be hard, difficult, and challenging but you do not have to go at it alone. Let someone come alongside you who wants nothing more for you than your absolute best!
Whether going through life challenges, relationship struggles, or just finding yourself "stuck," one of the best things to help is to invest in yourself. Would you be willing to let someone come alongside you who is trained to listen more deeply, look at things that you may or may not have considered, and provide a safe place to be brave? Making life changes can be hard, difficult, and challenging but you do not have to go at it alone. Let someone come alongside you who wants nothing more for you than your absolute best!
(662) 262-5957 View (662) 262-5957
Photo of Liria Peshkepia, LPC, RPT, BC-TMH, Licensed Professional Counselor
Liria Peshkepia
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, RPT, BC-TMH
Verified Verified
Tupelo, MS 38804
I am dedicated to assisting clients reach their individual goals, work through life transitions, and address the difficult challenges that often happen in our lives. As a Licensed Professional Counselor and Registered Play Therapist, I work with children aged 3 – 12, adolescents and adults. I am certified in Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and have training in Eye Movement Desensitization (EMDR). My past work experience has focused on the issues of grief, anxiety, depression, life transitions, relationship concerns, and behavioral issues.
I am dedicated to assisting clients reach their individual goals, work through life transitions, and address the difficult challenges that often happen in our lives. As a Licensed Professional Counselor and Registered Play Therapist, I work with children aged 3 – 12, adolescents and adults. I am certified in Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and have training in Eye Movement Desensitization (EMDR). My past work experience has focused on the issues of grief, anxiety, depression, life transitions, relationship concerns, and behavioral issues.
(662) 262-5458 View (662) 262-5458
Photo of Cami Anderson, MS, LPC, BC-TMH, Licensed Professional Counselor
Cami Anderson
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, BC-TMH
Verified Verified
Tupelo, MS 38801  (Online Only)
I enjoy helping others who live with anxiety, depression, disordered eating, anger, challenging relationships, and have experienced trauma find practical strategies to enhance their lives. I also enjoy helping people process life events and changes. I am passionate about encouraging others as they break through challenges in their lives while spotlighting hope along the way.  One of my greatest joys as a counselor is watching someone recognize hope and realize their own progress.
I enjoy helping others who live with anxiety, depression, disordered eating, anger, challenging relationships, and have experienced trauma find practical strategies to enhance their lives. I also enjoy helping people process life events and changes. I am passionate about encouraging others as they break through challenges in their lives while spotlighting hope along the way.  One of my greatest joys as a counselor is watching someone recognize hope and realize their own progress.
(662) 269-0208 View (662) 269-0208

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Tupelo, MS

60+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Tupelo, MS who prioritize treating:

91% Anxiety
90% Depression
72% Self Esteem
71% Trauma and PTSD
71% Coping Skills
71% Stress
69% Relationship Issues

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

87% BlueCross and BlueShield
42% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
28% Medicaid

How Therapists in Tupelo, MS see their clients

89% In Person and Online
11% Online Only

Gender breakdown

76% Female
24% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Tupelo?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.