Therapists in 12603

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Photo of Marilyn Green Counseling Services LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 12603, NY
Marilyn Green Counseling Services LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R, ASWB
Verified
Poughkeepsie, NY 12603
My name is Marilyn Green, LCSW-R, BC-TMH. I have worked in the social work field for over twenty five years. I received my Masters of Social Work degree from Fordham Graduate School of Social Work in 1993. I have been in private practice for more than twenty years. I was awarded "Social 'Worker in the Trenches" of the year award in 2001 from the Hudson Valley Division of NASW.
My name is Marilyn Green, LCSW-R, BC-TMH. I have worked in the social work field for over twenty five years. I received my Masters of Social Work degree from Fordham Graduate School of Social Work in 1993. I have been in private practice for more than twenty years. I was awarded "Social 'Worker in the Trenches" of the year award in 2001 from the Hudson Valley Division of NASW.
(845) 393-0868 View (845) 393-0868
Photo of Samaria Gray, Licensed Master Social Worker in 12603, NY
Samaria Gray
Licensed Master Social Worker, LMSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Poughkeepsie, NY 12603
Samaria is a New York State Licensed Master Social Worker with a special focus on youth, adolescents, and young adults. She believes that everyone deserves to be seen and heard, especially when it comes to dealing with past traumas. Samaria is experienced in working with anxiety, depression, learning disabilities, grief, domestic violence, and trauma survivors and uses various evidence-based approaches to help her clients heal and move forward in life. Samaria is supervised by Kimberly Mazza, New York State Licensed Clinical Social Worker.
Samaria is a New York State Licensed Master Social Worker with a special focus on youth, adolescents, and young adults. She believes that everyone deserves to be seen and heard, especially when it comes to dealing with past traumas. Samaria is experienced in working with anxiety, depression, learning disabilities, grief, domestic violence, and trauma survivors and uses various evidence-based approaches to help her clients heal and move forward in life. Samaria is supervised by Kimberly Mazza, New York State Licensed Clinical Social Worker.
(845) 622-6391 View (845) 622-6391
Photo of Dr. Lubna Somjee, Psychologist in 12603, NY
Dr. Lubna Somjee
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Poughkeepsie, NY 12603
Between relationships, career, life changes, or various responsibilities, it can leave you feeling fatigued, anxious, stressed or sad. You may feel you should be able to handle things yourself, or that you may not be able to find the support and tools you need to feel better. My goal is to ensure you feel comfortable, supported and help you gain insight into patterns in your life that help or hold you back - and find actionable approaches so you can grow. All with the thread of best practices using cognitive-behavioral, interpersonal and mindfulness based therapy.
Between relationships, career, life changes, or various responsibilities, it can leave you feeling fatigued, anxious, stressed or sad. You may feel you should be able to handle things yourself, or that you may not be able to find the support and tools you need to feel better. My goal is to ensure you feel comfortable, supported and help you gain insight into patterns in your life that help or hold you back - and find actionable approaches so you can grow. All with the thread of best practices using cognitive-behavioral, interpersonal and mindfulness based therapy.
(845) 723-3233 View (845) 723-3233
Photo of Sarah Jane Mantica, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 12603, NY
Sarah Jane Mantica
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSWR
Verified
Poughkeepsie, NY 12603  (Online Only)
I strive to provide a safe and confidential space in which my clients can explore habitual beliefs and behaviors that have been causing personal distress and/or relational problems. I attempt to help them find ways of re-directing their energy towards more effective and satisfying ways of being and interacting. The goal of therapy as I see it for people to develop an understanding of themselves, both alone and in the world, which will enable them to act reasonably and confidently in a way that honors their goals and personal values.
I strive to provide a safe and confidential space in which my clients can explore habitual beliefs and behaviors that have been causing personal distress and/or relational problems. I attempt to help them find ways of re-directing their energy towards more effective and satisfying ways of being and interacting. The goal of therapy as I see it for people to develop an understanding of themselves, both alone and in the world, which will enable them to act reasonably and confidently in a way that honors their goals and personal values.
(845) 617-4861 View (845) 617-4861
Photo of Jonathan Rust, Psychologist in 12603, NY
Jonathan Rust
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Poughkeepsie, NY 12603
Not accepting new clients
During your life, you may experience difficult periods of adjustment related to major life changes and/or losses, difficulty in relationships, and/or cultural/social differences in environmental contexts. These periods in your life may lead to or be related to general difficulty coping with life circumstance, depression, anxiety, and other mental health issues. I provide a holistic approach to working with clients striving to understand them from an intrapsychic, interpersonal, and sociocultural perspective. In working with you, I endeavor to understand how your personality, relationships, and sociocultural identities and environmental contexts interact to affect your psychological functioning and wellbeing.
During your life, you may experience difficult periods of adjustment related to major life changes and/or losses, difficulty in relationships, and/or cultural/social differences in environmental contexts. These periods in your life may lead to or be related to general difficulty coping with life circumstance, depression, anxiety, and other mental health issues. I provide a holistic approach to working with clients striving to understand them from an intrapsychic, interpersonal, and sociocultural perspective. In working with you, I endeavor to understand how your personality, relationships, and sociocultural identities and environmental contexts interact to affect your psychological functioning and wellbeing.
(914) 712-6979 View (914) 712-6979
Photo of Jenna Coburn, Pre-Licensed Professional in 12603, NY
Jenna Coburn
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified
Poughkeepsie, NY 12603
My name is Jenna and I am a graduate student intern with Amanda Dixon Mental Health Counseling Services. Whether in work, school, relationships, or our own personal worlds, we often fall into patterns of being that serve a purpose, but may not feel fulfilling. We might feel compelled to cast aside our true feelings and values to protect ourselves from pain or judgment. This can cause us to lose sight of our authentic selves. I believe therapy can provide clarity as to why we take on the roles that we do and how we can instead move toward recognizing, embracing, and embodying our true values and goals.
My name is Jenna and I am a graduate student intern with Amanda Dixon Mental Health Counseling Services. Whether in work, school, relationships, or our own personal worlds, we often fall into patterns of being that serve a purpose, but may not feel fulfilling. We might feel compelled to cast aside our true feelings and values to protect ourselves from pain or judgment. This can cause us to lose sight of our authentic selves. I believe therapy can provide clarity as to why we take on the roles that we do and how we can instead move toward recognizing, embracing, and embodying our true values and goals.
(845) 254-2416 View (845) 254-2416
Photo of Vinny Malik Dehili, Psychologist in 12603, NY
Vinny Malik Dehili
Psychologist, PhD, CGP, ABPP
Verified
8 Endorsed
Poughkeepsie, NY 12603  (Online Only)
**Free 30-min Video Consultation** Being in the circus taught me that juggling too many balls in the air can lead to feeling like you're always picking up the pieces rather than enjoying the show. While our emotions float up and down, we start applying binary labels of "good" (happy) and "bad" (anger, sadness, anxiety) that our systems (e.g., US Society, Family, Culture) has assigned. Improve self-awareness of our emotions, thoughts, and the stories we tell ourselves about our worth internally, with others, and in the world. Change the Narrative you've internalized through identifying, observing, respecting, and accepting emotions.
**Free 30-min Video Consultation** Being in the circus taught me that juggling too many balls in the air can lead to feeling like you're always picking up the pieces rather than enjoying the show. While our emotions float up and down, we start applying binary labels of "good" (happy) and "bad" (anger, sadness, anxiety) that our systems (e.g., US Society, Family, Culture) has assigned. Improve self-awareness of our emotions, thoughts, and the stories we tell ourselves about our worth internally, with others, and in the world. Change the Narrative you've internalized through identifying, observing, respecting, and accepting emotions.
(813) 734-7360 View (813) 734-7360
Photo of Tammy L Robson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 12603, NY
Tammy L Robson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, NYCPS-P
Verified
1 Endorsed
Poughkeepsie, NY 12603  (Online Only)
Therapy is a powerful tool that can bring about positive change and growth in your life and relationships. I offer a safe and supportive environment where you can explore your thoughts, feelings, and experiences, and work towards finding solutions and healing. I offer a non-judgmental and confidential space where we can explore your concerns and work towards your goals. If you're ready to take steps forward and embark on a journey of self-discovery and healing I can support, you through that process.
Therapy is a powerful tool that can bring about positive change and growth in your life and relationships. I offer a safe and supportive environment where you can explore your thoughts, feelings, and experiences, and work towards finding solutions and healing. I offer a non-judgmental and confidential space where we can explore your concerns and work towards your goals. If you're ready to take steps forward and embark on a journey of self-discovery and healing I can support, you through that process.
(845) 516-8650 View (845) 516-8650
Photo of Emily L Fucheck, Psychologist in 12603, NY
Emily L Fucheck
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Poughkeepsie, NY 12603
Waitlist for new clients
I'm a clinical psychologist also trained in yoga and body-based techniques. In therapy, we will work holistically to help you gain control of your experiences and develop a thriving life. Whether you are working with a history of trauma, disordered eating or issues with mood, desire couple's treatment, or are interested in exploring your gender or sexual identity, each appointment provides insight into your emotional and body-based experience and offers tools for helping.
I'm a clinical psychologist also trained in yoga and body-based techniques. In therapy, we will work holistically to help you gain control of your experiences and develop a thriving life. Whether you are working with a history of trauma, disordered eating or issues with mood, desire couple's treatment, or are interested in exploring your gender or sexual identity, each appointment provides insight into your emotional and body-based experience and offers tools for helping.
(845) 510-8767 View (845) 510-8767
Photo of Stephen Ronda, Counselor in 12603, NY
Stephen Ronda
Counselor, LMHC, CASAC-M, BC-TMH, C-DBT, CCTP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Poughkeepsie, NY 12603  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
If you'd like to make a difference in your life, let's work together and discover your true potential. I want to help you see your problems differently, as more manageable, and ultimately, as something you can overcome. During our time together, I'll work with you to set your goals and break down the barriers between you and progress. My aim is always to help every person I meet become a more complete and whole person. Whether you're seeking a more conventional approach through DBT or are looking for transpersonal work, I know that the journey ahead will be filled with insight and strength. Let's walk that path together soon.
If you'd like to make a difference in your life, let's work together and discover your true potential. I want to help you see your problems differently, as more manageable, and ultimately, as something you can overcome. During our time together, I'll work with you to set your goals and break down the barriers between you and progress. My aim is always to help every person I meet become a more complete and whole person. Whether you're seeking a more conventional approach through DBT or are looking for transpersonal work, I know that the journey ahead will be filled with insight and strength. Let's walk that path together soon.
(845) 668-9476 View (845) 668-9476
Photo of Colman Durkee, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 12603, NY
Colman Durkee
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Poughkeepsie, NY 12603
The focus of my work is helping young people, adults, and couples respond to and manage feelings that negatively impact love, relationships, and work. I have successfully helped many couples and families work through and solve problems coping with transitions and life adjustments. As a clinical social worker and psychotherapist in community mental health settings in NYC and the Hudson Valley, I have helped people experiencing acute symptoms of anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress, among other problems.
The focus of my work is helping young people, adults, and couples respond to and manage feelings that negatively impact love, relationships, and work. I have successfully helped many couples and families work through and solve problems coping with transitions and life adjustments. As a clinical social worker and psychotherapist in community mental health settings in NYC and the Hudson Valley, I have helped people experiencing acute symptoms of anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress, among other problems.
(845) 203-8984 View (845) 203-8984
Photo of Joy Sniffen, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 12603, NY
Joy Sniffen
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R
Verified
Poughkeepsie, NY 12603  (Online Only)
Currently accepting new clients! Only morning and early afternoon appointments available. Sometimes life's challenges become overwhelming and too difficult to handle on our own. I can offer a therapeutic environment that is supportive, solution focused and non-judgmental. I seek to work collaboratively with my clients to identify concerns and develop coping skills to move from feeling "stuck" in difficult life situations, to gain deeper self awareness and to attain personal growth.
Currently accepting new clients! Only morning and early afternoon appointments available. Sometimes life's challenges become overwhelming and too difficult to handle on our own. I can offer a therapeutic environment that is supportive, solution focused and non-judgmental. I seek to work collaboratively with my clients to identify concerns and develop coping skills to move from feeling "stuck" in difficult life situations, to gain deeper self awareness and to attain personal growth.
(845) 720-4095 View (845) 720-4095
Photo of Amanda Dixon Mental Health Counseling Services, Counselor in 12603, NY
Amanda Dixon Mental Health Counseling Services
Counselor, LMHC
Verified
8 Endorsed
Poughkeepsie, NY 12603
The practice has availability for telehealth currently. I personally don't have openings. If you're reading this, chances are you're having some difficultly in your life and are ready for change. Therapy should be geared towards growth, empowerment and maximization of a person's innate strengths. My goal is to help with your journey in life. If you are looking for help in healing emotional wounds, finding better ways to cope with stress, and improving your relationships I might be able to help.
The practice has availability for telehealth currently. I personally don't have openings. If you're reading this, chances are you're having some difficultly in your life and are ready for change. Therapy should be geared towards growth, empowerment and maximization of a person's innate strengths. My goal is to help with your journey in life. If you are looking for help in healing emotional wounds, finding better ways to cope with stress, and improving your relationships I might be able to help.
(845) 367-4406 View (845) 367-4406
Photo of Samantha Kosier, Counselor in 12603, NY
Samantha Kosier
Counselor, LMHC
Verified
Poughkeepsie, NY 12603  (Online Only)
Email is preferred and quickest method of contact. It’s OK that you're here. Read that again. You are taking the very first step on your healing journey and finding the right therapist can be an overwhelming task. I am here to make it easier for you and share what I value in a therapeutic relationship. I take pride in my natural instinct to empathize and understand an individual's struggles. I value connection and our relationship. I do not expect anyone to feel comfortable opening up to me without first building our rapport together. Above all, I strive to convey an open, safe, and non-judgmental space for each and every person.
Email is preferred and quickest method of contact. It’s OK that you're here. Read that again. You are taking the very first step on your healing journey and finding the right therapist can be an overwhelming task. I am here to make it easier for you and share what I value in a therapeutic relationship. I take pride in my natural instinct to empathize and understand an individual's struggles. I value connection and our relationship. I do not expect anyone to feel comfortable opening up to me without first building our rapport together. Above all, I strive to convey an open, safe, and non-judgmental space for each and every person.
(845) 209-0512 View (845) 209-0512
Photo of Compass Wellness Associates, LCSWs, PLLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 12603, NY
Compass Wellness Associates, LCSWs, PLLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified
Poughkeepsie, NY 12603
Our agency was developed to incorporate the skills and experiences of clinicians and wellness providers to support children, individuals and families with personalized goals related to a variety of emotional, physical, and behavioral concerns. Our agency partners, collectively, have over 50 years of clinical experience focusing on substance use, neurodivergence, personality disorders, depression, anxiety/OCD, life transitions, LGBTQ related concerns, behavior and emotional disturbances, trauma, pre/post-natal needs, parenting and parent-child interaction needs, grief/loss, and domestic violence.
Our agency was developed to incorporate the skills and experiences of clinicians and wellness providers to support children, individuals and families with personalized goals related to a variety of emotional, physical, and behavioral concerns. Our agency partners, collectively, have over 50 years of clinical experience focusing on substance use, neurodivergence, personality disorders, depression, anxiety/OCD, life transitions, LGBTQ related concerns, behavior and emotional disturbances, trauma, pre/post-natal needs, parenting and parent-child interaction needs, grief/loss, and domestic violence.
(845) 218-7911 View (845) 218-7911
Photo of Judith Elkin, Licensed Master Social Worker in 12603, NY
Judith Elkin
Licensed Master Social Worker, AB, LMSW
Verified
Poughkeepsie, NY 12603  (Online Only)
Hello. By way of introduction, I have been a social worker for 27 years with a practice devoted to grief and loss. I have helped many people heal from the anguish of their losses. I can offer you my professional experience, and, of equal importance, kindness, empathy, understanding and the ability to listen deeply.
Hello. By way of introduction, I have been a social worker for 27 years with a practice devoted to grief and loss. I have helped many people heal from the anguish of their losses. I can offer you my professional experience, and, of equal importance, kindness, empathy, understanding and the ability to listen deeply.
View
Photo of Nicole Romano, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 12603, NY
Nicole Romano
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R
Verified
Poughkeepsie, NY 12603  (Online Only)
We all go through struggles that may get us “stuck.” My approach is to support you in becoming “unstuck” ” I tend to use the cognitive solution focused model. I’ve worked with patients struggling with depression, addiction, ADHD, anxiety, PTSD, anger, relationships, phobias and parenting; just to name a few. It’s my objective to support you in reaching your goals at your own pace, although it may seem like I’m pushing you sometimes. I will support you in times you need to vent, but also shift you back to focus and teach you new ways to cope. I’m here to facilitate personal growth when you are feeling like it might not be reachable.
We all go through struggles that may get us “stuck.” My approach is to support you in becoming “unstuck” ” I tend to use the cognitive solution focused model. I’ve worked with patients struggling with depression, addiction, ADHD, anxiety, PTSD, anger, relationships, phobias and parenting; just to name a few. It’s my objective to support you in reaching your goals at your own pace, although it may seem like I’m pushing you sometimes. I will support you in times you need to vent, but also shift you back to focus and teach you new ways to cope. I’m here to facilitate personal growth when you are feeling like it might not be reachable.
(845) 668-4307 View (845) 668-4307
Photo of Susan Grencer, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 12603, NY
Susan Grencer
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified
Poughkeepsie, NY 12603  (Online Only)
Is something getting in the way, keeping you from truly living life and experiencing joy? Does a feeling of “not good enough” seem to play in your head, keeping you stuck? I would love to partner with you and help you to clear the blocks that are keeping you from being your best.
Is something getting in the way, keeping you from truly living life and experiencing joy? Does a feeling of “not good enough” seem to play in your head, keeping you stuck? I would love to partner with you and help you to clear the blocks that are keeping you from being your best.
(845) 237-5176 View (845) 237-5176
Photo of Justina Anne Reilly, Counselor in 12603, NY
Justina Anne Reilly
Counselor, LMHC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Poughkeepsie, NY 12603  (Online Only)
I am a Mental Health Counselor with an empathic demeanor allowing others to feel comfortable. I am educated in cognitive behavioral therapy, evidence-based programs focused on social emotional learning and play therapy. I have experience working with children and adolescents, parents, and adults. As a therapist I practice psychoanalytic orientation, finding the “root of the problem”. I also practice the importance of living in the now, empowering clients to focus on their strengths.
I am a Mental Health Counselor with an empathic demeanor allowing others to feel comfortable. I am educated in cognitive behavioral therapy, evidence-based programs focused on social emotional learning and play therapy. I have experience working with children and adolescents, parents, and adults. As a therapist I practice psychoanalytic orientation, finding the “root of the problem”. I also practice the importance of living in the now, empowering clients to focus on their strengths.
(845) 506-8408 View (845) 506-8408
Photo of Meredith Madden in 12603, NY
Meredith Madden
LMHC
Verified
Poughkeepsie, NY 12603
Existing as a human being these days can be rough. "Existing" translates into "not living fully." This is no fun for anybody. Many individuals suffer from uncomfortable symptoms leading to feelings of sadness, irritability, or fatigue. Others experience trouble concentrating, racing or negative thoughts, and even difficulty breathing. You are not alone in this complicated world; it's easy to get off course and/or it can be difficult to find your way due to various roadblocks. It may help to work with a person outside your friend & family groups in an effort to gain a fresh perspective, to be seen with unbiased, non-judgmental eyes.
Existing as a human being these days can be rough. "Existing" translates into "not living fully." This is no fun for anybody. Many individuals suffer from uncomfortable symptoms leading to feelings of sadness, irritability, or fatigue. Others experience trouble concentrating, racing or negative thoughts, and even difficulty breathing. You are not alone in this complicated world; it's easy to get off course and/or it can be difficult to find your way due to various roadblocks. It may help to work with a person outside your friend & family groups in an effort to gain a fresh perspective, to be seen with unbiased, non-judgmental eyes.
(845) 681-6590 View (845) 681-6590

See more therapy options for 12603

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 12603

100+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in 12603 who prioritize treating:

90% Anxiety
84% Depression
75% Relationship Issues
72% Coping Skills
72% Self Esteem
64% Stress
60% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

86% Aetna
74% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
65% Oxford

How Therapists in 12603 see their clients

61% In Person and Online
39% Online Only

Gender breakdown

79% Female
20% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 12603?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.