Psychiatrists in 32210

Photo of Millian Okafor, DNP, PMHNP, FNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Millian Okafor
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, DNP, PMHNP, FNP
Verified Verified
9 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32210  (Online Only)
Welcome! I'm a dedicated healthcare professional with a rich background in nursing education and patient care across various settings. I have extensive, diverse experience working with various age groups. I have held various positions in hospitals in critical care units and worked in private practices in the community as a Nurse Practitioner. Throughout my profession, I have always had a special interest in my patients' mental health, which has enabled me to render holistic and compassionate care to this population.
Welcome! I'm a dedicated healthcare professional with a rich background in nursing education and patient care across various settings. I have extensive, diverse experience working with various age groups. I have held various positions in hospitals in critical care units and worked in private practices in the community as a Nurse Practitioner. Throughout my profession, I have always had a special interest in my patients' mental health, which has enabled me to render holistic and compassionate care to this population.
(321) 341-5154 View (321) 341-5154
Photo of Margaret Olivero Pachiano, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Margaret Olivero Pachiano
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32210  (Online Only)
I am a Florida Licensed Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP-BC) and a Certified Dementia Provider. I hold a Master's Degree in Nursing from St. Thomas University Miami Gardens Florida, and a Bachelor of Science from Pasco Hernando State College. In my nursing career, I have seen firsthand the harmful impact of social stigma associated with mental illness. This is one of the reasons, I have pursued this journey in hopes that I can be a part of reducing the social stigma that is all too often associated with mental health.
I am a Florida Licensed Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP-BC) and a Certified Dementia Provider. I hold a Master's Degree in Nursing from St. Thomas University Miami Gardens Florida, and a Bachelor of Science from Pasco Hernando State College. In my nursing career, I have seen firsthand the harmful impact of social stigma associated with mental illness. This is one of the reasons, I have pursued this journey in hopes that I can be a part of reducing the social stigma that is all too often associated with mental health.
(904) 682-9022 View (904) 682-9022
Photo of Danielle Ruben, MSN, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Danielle Ruben
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32210
Danielle Ruben is a board certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP-BC). She is a Jacksonville native who received both her undergraduate and graduate nursing degrees from the Jacksonville University. As a PMHNP she has worked professionally in both Georgia and Florida, treating mental health patients in crisis within the emergency departments, patients on the medical units with mental health needs, and acute inpatient psychiatric hospital patients. Danielle uses a holistic approach to treating her patients, utilizing medication management, psychotherapy, and behavioral interventions.
Danielle Ruben is a board certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP-BC). She is a Jacksonville native who received both her undergraduate and graduate nursing degrees from the Jacksonville University. As a PMHNP she has worked professionally in both Georgia and Florida, treating mental health patients in crisis within the emergency departments, patients on the medical units with mental health needs, and acute inpatient psychiatric hospital patients. Danielle uses a holistic approach to treating her patients, utilizing medication management, psychotherapy, and behavioral interventions.
(904) 692-7984 View (904) 692-7984
Photo of Christine Forge, FNP-BC, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Christine Forge
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, FNP-BC, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32210
My ideal clients are pre-teens, teens, and adults who are navigating the complexities of life’s journey. They may be dealing with issues such as anxiety, depression, PTSD, ADHD, mood disorders, or life transitions. These clients often need support in managing their symptoms, developing coping strategies, and working towards personal growth and stability. Their goals typically include improving mental health, achieving a better quality of life, and fostering positive relationships.
My ideal clients are pre-teens, teens, and adults who are navigating the complexities of life’s journey. They may be dealing with issues such as anxiety, depression, PTSD, ADHD, mood disorders, or life transitions. These clients often need support in managing their symptoms, developing coping strategies, and working towards personal growth and stability. Their goals typically include improving mental health, achieving a better quality of life, and fostering positive relationships.
(904) 606-1326 View (904) 606-1326
Photo of Olivier Djoumessi, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Olivier Djoumessi
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32210  (Online Only)
Accepting NEW Patients! Welcome to Advanced Medical Psychiatry Group, an Integrative Psychiatry Practice founded on the belief that healing is a holistic process. We help children, adults, elders, and veterans with depression, anxiety, untreated ADHD, trauma, addictions, aging concerns, and life transitions build self-confidence, clarify their inner purpose, establish calmness of mind, and find fulfillment in life and love. Our goal is not just to prescribe you a medication and send you on your way. It is a long-term, trusted partner in helping you achieve a happy and fulfilling life. we believe in high-quality, affordable care.
Accepting NEW Patients! Welcome to Advanced Medical Psychiatry Group, an Integrative Psychiatry Practice founded on the belief that healing is a holistic process. We help children, adults, elders, and veterans with depression, anxiety, untreated ADHD, trauma, addictions, aging concerns, and life transitions build self-confidence, clarify their inner purpose, establish calmness of mind, and find fulfillment in life and love. Our goal is not just to prescribe you a medication and send you on your way. It is a long-term, trusted partner in helping you achieve a happy and fulfilling life. we believe in high-quality, affordable care.
(727) 597-5765 View (727) 597-5765
Photo of undefined - First Stop Healthcare, DNP, FNP-C, PMHNP-C, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
First Stop Healthcare
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, DNP, FNP-C, PMHNP-C
Verified Verified
8 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32210
My ideal client may seek help for one condition or a range of issues, including depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, ADHD, or addiction. They require understanding, coping skills, and support to enhance their well-being, including medication management when necessary. Their goals include finding inner peace, mood stability, improved focus, and healthier relationships. They want a fulfilling life, free from emotional burdens, and the ability to enjoy a brighter future.
My ideal client may seek help for one condition or a range of issues, including depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, ADHD, or addiction. They require understanding, coping skills, and support to enhance their well-being, including medication management when necessary. Their goals include finding inner peace, mood stability, improved focus, and healthier relationships. They want a fulfilling life, free from emotional burdens, and the ability to enjoy a brighter future.
(904) 601-0931 View (904) 601-0931
Photo of Millian Okafor, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Millian Okafor
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32210
Millian Okafor, DNP, PMHNP-BC, FNP-BC. I am a psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner. I am focused on becoming a change agent to provide the best possible care to enable and equip patients to attain optimal mental health and wellness. I am family-oriented and believe in the importance and strength of family and the social support system. I provide individualized, holistic care, combining evidence-based therapeutic interventions, medication management, and psychotherapy.
Millian Okafor, DNP, PMHNP-BC, FNP-BC. I am a psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner. I am focused on becoming a change agent to provide the best possible care to enable and equip patients to attain optimal mental health and wellness. I am family-oriented and believe in the importance and strength of family and the social support system. I provide individualized, holistic care, combining evidence-based therapeutic interventions, medication management, and psychotherapy.
(904) 734-7020 View (904) 734-7020
Photo of Kelley Bitter, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Kelley Bitter
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32210  (Online Only)
Welcome to my profile, I'm Kelley Bitter, a dedicated mental health nurse practitioner with over two decades of rich experience in the healthcare realm. My educational path began at the University of Phoenix and reached its zenith at the University of Akron, where I achieved my APRN certification specializing in psychiatry. This journey has bestowed upon me a profound understanding and essential skills in nursing, which I apply daily in my practice. As an expert in mental health, my passion lies in supporting individuals through their emotional challenges and managing conditions like ADHD.
Welcome to my profile, I'm Kelley Bitter, a dedicated mental health nurse practitioner with over two decades of rich experience in the healthcare realm. My educational path began at the University of Phoenix and reached its zenith at the University of Akron, where I achieved my APRN certification specializing in psychiatry. This journey has bestowed upon me a profound understanding and essential skills in nursing, which I apply daily in my practice. As an expert in mental health, my passion lies in supporting individuals through their emotional challenges and managing conditions like ADHD.
(206) 210-2191 View (206) 210-2191
Photo of Brence Brooks, APRN, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Brence Brooks
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, APRN
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32210
Brence Brooks is a psychiatric and mental health nurse practitioner, board-certified through the American Nurses Credentialing Center in 2020. He received his bachelor’s degree in Nursing from the University of Louisville and his master’s degree in Nursing from Walden University. Specialty areas include medication management for major depressive disorder, bipolar I and II disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, childhood behavioral disorders, psychotic disorders, and post-traumatic stress disorder.
Brence Brooks is a psychiatric and mental health nurse practitioner, board-certified through the American Nurses Credentialing Center in 2020. He received his bachelor’s degree in Nursing from the University of Louisville and his master’s degree in Nursing from Walden University. Specialty areas include medication management for major depressive disorder, bipolar I and II disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, childhood behavioral disorders, psychotic disorders, and post-traumatic stress disorder.
(561) 269-0783 View (561) 269-0783
Photo of Alina M Galliano-Pardo, MD, FAPA, FASAM, Psychiatrist
Alina M Galliano-Pardo
Psychiatrist, MD, FAPA, FASAM
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32210
Originally from San Juan, PR, Alina M. Galliano-Pardo, M.D. completed her medical school and residency training at University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine where she served as Chief Resident. Dr. Galliano-Pardo has been practicing psychiatry for over fifteen years and has diagnosed and treated thousands of patients. She is a Fellow in both the American Psychiatric Association and the American Society of Addiction Medicine. She is one of few private practice psychiatrists on Florida’s First Coast who is board certified in both General Psychiatry and Addiction Medicine and is the only female.
Originally from San Juan, PR, Alina M. Galliano-Pardo, M.D. completed her medical school and residency training at University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine where she served as Chief Resident. Dr. Galliano-Pardo has been practicing psychiatry for over fifteen years and has diagnosed and treated thousands of patients. She is a Fellow in both the American Psychiatric Association and the American Society of Addiction Medicine. She is one of few private practice psychiatrists on Florida’s First Coast who is board certified in both General Psychiatry and Addiction Medicine and is the only female.
(904) 685-9385 View (904) 685-9385
Photo of Carmen Irene Herbruger, APRN, PMHNP, BC, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Carmen Irene Herbruger
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, APRN, PMHNP, BC
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32210  (Online Only)
Welcome to a safe space for your mental health journey. I'm Carmen Herbruger, a dedicated and compassionate Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner based in Jacksonville, Fl with over 12 years of experience in diverse healthcare environments. With a deep commitment to holistic wellness, I blend medication management with evidence-based talk therapy to provide comprehensive care tailored to your unique needs. My approach is collaborative, empowering you to actively participate in your treatment journey while fostering a trusting therapeutic relationship.
Welcome to a safe space for your mental health journey. I'm Carmen Herbruger, a dedicated and compassionate Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner based in Jacksonville, Fl with over 12 years of experience in diverse healthcare environments. With a deep commitment to holistic wellness, I blend medication management with evidence-based talk therapy to provide comprehensive care tailored to your unique needs. My approach is collaborative, empowering you to actively participate in your treatment journey while fostering a trusting therapeutic relationship.
(904) 590-2844 View (904) 590-2844
Photo of undefined - Brave Health, MD, LCSW, MSW, FNP-C, PhD, Psychiatrist
Brave Health
Psychiatrist, MD, LCSW, MSW, FNP-C, PhD
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32210  (Online Only)
Brave Health is a virtual mental health provider dedicated to helping people thrive by engaging them in high-quality, affordable, and easily accessible mental health care. Our diverse clinical staff includes licensed psychiatrists, nurse practitioners, and therapists with expertise in treating mental health and substance use disorders. One size doesn’t fit all when it comes to your health. We’ll work together to create a customized treatment plan for your needs.
Brave Health is a virtual mental health provider dedicated to helping people thrive by engaging them in high-quality, affordable, and easily accessible mental health care. Our diverse clinical staff includes licensed psychiatrists, nurse practitioners, and therapists with expertise in treating mental health and substance use disorders. One size doesn’t fit all when it comes to your health. We’ll work together to create a customized treatment plan for your needs.
(786) 828-5399 View (786) 828-5399
Photo of Yolanda Cardona, PMHNP, FNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Yolanda Cardona
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP, FNP
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32210  (Online Only)
My ideal client is someone seeking psychiatric mental health services, possibly struggling with conditions such as depression, anxiety, PTSD, or other mental health challenges. They value a collaborative approach to care and seek personalized treatment tailored to their unique needs. They aspire to regain control over their mental health, improve their quality of life, and enhance their overall well-being.
My ideal client is someone seeking psychiatric mental health services, possibly struggling with conditions such as depression, anxiety, PTSD, or other mental health challenges. They value a collaborative approach to care and seek personalized treatment tailored to their unique needs. They aspire to regain control over their mental health, improve their quality of life, and enhance their overall well-being.
(904) 906-8212 View (904) 906-8212
Photo of undefined - Insightful Psychiatry, NP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Insightful Psychiatry
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, NP
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32210
Appointments Available! We are Insightful Psychiatry, a growing, and innovative Psychiatric office with the goal of providing treatment for mental health problems in the comfort of home. Evening and Weekend appointments available. www.insightfulpsychiatry.com
Appointments Available! We are Insightful Psychiatry, a growing, and innovative Psychiatric office with the goal of providing treatment for mental health problems in the comfort of home. Evening and Weekend appointments available. www.insightfulpsychiatry.com
(206) 620-1222 View (206) 620-1222
Photo of Dorrett McDonald-Lovell, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Dorrett McDonald-Lovell
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32210
Welcome! I'm Dorrett McDonald-Lovell, a dedicated Psychiatric-Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP-BC) based in the warm and welcoming community of Kissimmee, FL. With over two decades of rich experience in healthcare, my journey has been driven by a passion for enhancing the wellbeing of my patients and their families. My expertise lies in understanding and addressing your mental health needs with empathy and professionalism. I've spent significant time honing my skills, practicing as a PMHNP across all ages. My approach is patient-centered, ensuring that you receive personalized care tailored to your unique situation.
Welcome! I'm Dorrett McDonald-Lovell, a dedicated Psychiatric-Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP-BC) based in the warm and welcoming community of Kissimmee, FL. With over two decades of rich experience in healthcare, my journey has been driven by a passion for enhancing the wellbeing of my patients and their families. My expertise lies in understanding and addressing your mental health needs with empathy and professionalism. I've spent significant time honing my skills, practicing as a PMHNP across all ages. My approach is patient-centered, ensuring that you receive personalized care tailored to your unique situation.
(863) 243-6479 View (863) 243-6479
Photo of Dr. Michael Amiel, MD, Psychiatrist
Dr. Michael Amiel
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32210
Dr. Amiel provides psychiatric services to both adolescents (16+) and adults. In a comfortable and supportive atmosphere, we offer a highly personalized approach tailored to clients' individual needs to help attain the personal growth they’re striving for. Dr. Amiel and his psychiatric team offer medication management services alone or in collaboration with the agency's psychotherapy services.
Dr. Amiel provides psychiatric services to both adolescents (16+) and adults. In a comfortable and supportive atmosphere, we offer a highly personalized approach tailored to clients' individual needs to help attain the personal growth they’re striving for. Dr. Amiel and his psychiatric team offer medication management services alone or in collaboration with the agency's psychotherapy services.
(904) 344-0438 View (904) 344-0438
Photo of Margaret Oliver, APRN, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Margaret Oliver
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, APRN
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32210  (Online Only)
Maggie is a board-certified Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP-BC). She has a Master of Science in Nursing from Vanderbilt University School of Nursing, as well as a Bachelor of Science in Psychology and minor in Neuroscience from Miami University. Since 2013 she has worked in various settings, such as: community mental health, private practice, corrections, and skilled/assisted nursing facilities.
Maggie is a board-certified Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP-BC). She has a Master of Science in Nursing from Vanderbilt University School of Nursing, as well as a Bachelor of Science in Psychology and minor in Neuroscience from Miami University. Since 2013 she has worked in various settings, such as: community mental health, private practice, corrections, and skilled/assisted nursing facilities.
(786) 981-4926 View (786) 981-4926
Photo of Dr. Marie M Weber, MSN DNP, FNP, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Dr. Marie M Weber
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN DNP, FNP, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32210  (Online Only)
Patients are the most important aspect of my practice. I strive to create an environment where they feel genuinely heard and understood. My goal is to ensure that my patients know that their concerns are valid and that they matter.
Patients are the most important aspect of my practice. I strive to create an environment where they feel genuinely heard and understood. My goal is to ensure that my patients know that their concerns are valid and that they matter.
(904) 736-3407 View (904) 736-3407
Photo of undefined - Today Telemedicine, PA-C, Psychiatrist
Today Telemedicine
Psychiatrist, PA-C
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32210  (Online Only)
ADD/ADHD computer testing and stimulants (Adderall, Vyvanse ect) available for Florida residents via telemedicine. see program details. fully online psychiatry, therapy and urgent care. Genetic testing for psychiatric medication available (nearly all medication available except NO benzodiazepines) . Easy self-scheduling from our website www.TodayTelemedicine.com and book a session this week! Insurance accepted, self pay rates initial visit $199, follow ups $99, Qb Test for ADD/ADHD $130.
ADD/ADHD computer testing and stimulants (Adderall, Vyvanse ect) available for Florida residents via telemedicine. see program details. fully online psychiatry, therapy and urgent care. Genetic testing for psychiatric medication available (nearly all medication available except NO benzodiazepines) . Easy self-scheduling from our website www.TodayTelemedicine.com and book a session this week! Insurance accepted, self pay rates initial visit $199, follow ups $99, Qb Test for ADD/ADHD $130.
(786) 933-6711 View (786) 933-6711
Photo of Helen Lancy, NP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Helen Lancy
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, NP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32210  (Online Only)
Helen Lancy is a board-certified Nurse Practitioner with a Master’s in Nursing from Spring Arbor University, pursuing a Doctor of Nursing in Psychiatric Mental Health from the University of Missouri. With four years of adult-gerontology psychiatry experience, she specializes in anxiety, depression, mood disorders, ADHD, and trauma in adults 18+. Passionate about providing evidence-based, compassionate care, Helen is dedicated to serving patients from diverse backgrounds, particularly those in underserved communities. Helen champions patient empowerment, guiding her patients to take control of their health and emotional wellbeing.
Helen Lancy is a board-certified Nurse Practitioner with a Master’s in Nursing from Spring Arbor University, pursuing a Doctor of Nursing in Psychiatric Mental Health from the University of Missouri. With four years of adult-gerontology psychiatry experience, she specializes in anxiety, depression, mood disorders, ADHD, and trauma in adults 18+. Passionate about providing evidence-based, compassionate care, Helen is dedicated to serving patients from diverse backgrounds, particularly those in underserved communities. Helen champions patient empowerment, guiding her patients to take control of their health and emotional wellbeing.
(813) 576-2569 View (813) 576-2569

How does your Psychiatrist compare?

Number of Psychiatrists in 32210

20+

Average cost per session

$199

Psychiatrists in 32210 who prioritize treating:

100% Anxiety
96% Depression
92% Bipolar Disorder
79% ADHD
71% Obsessive-Compulsive (OCD)
67% Medication Management
58% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

16 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

95% Aetna
91% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
86% Cigna and Evernorth

How Psychiatrists in 32210 see their clients

58% Online Only
42% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

84% Female
16% Male
FAQs - About Psychiatrists and Psychiatric Nurses

How can I find a psychiatrist in 32210?

The Psychology Today Directory enables you to search specifically for psychiatrists, using the drop down provider menu in the navigation bar, by city or zip code, or by the name of the psychiatrist. Search results provide detailed profiles of professionals, including their treatment approach and areas of expertise. In addition, listings provide important information about each psychiatrist’s credentials, fees, payment options, and insurance affiliations. Directory users can select psychiatrists who meet an array of personally-desired criteria, such as familiarity with a specific community or condition.

What is the difference between a psychiatrist and a psychologist?

Psychiatrists are medical specialists who focus on understanding, diagnosing, and treating diseases of the brain and disorders of the mind and behavior. As physicians, psychiatrists are trained to recognize the often-subtle biological causes of mental disorders and to monitor the effects of mental disturbances on physical conditions, such as heart disease. Psychologists are especially attuned to the influence of early experience on development and behavior, emotional and cognitive processes, the nature of personality, and social functioning. They are also trained to deploy an array of psychological tests—IQ tests, personality tests, behavioral assessments—to gauge a person’s functioning.

What is a psychiatric nurse practitioner?

A psychiatric nurse practitioner, also known as a mental health nurse practitioner, is a registered nurse who completes advanced training in psychiatric care, earning either a master’s or doctoral degree in psychiatric nursing, and in the U.S., passes a national certification exam. Like psychiatrists, psychiatric nurse practitioners are trained to assess, diagnose, and treat mental health conditions. In some locales, psychiatric nurse practitioners can offer the full range of psychiatric care, including prescribing and managing medication. In other places, they must work in collaboration with a physician.

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed psychiatrist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and counselors. All psychiatrists listed in the directory have a valid license issued by the state(s) in which they practice and are certified by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology. Providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some individuals or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

Can a psychiatrist prescribe medication?

Psychiatrists are licensed medical doctors who are trained to recognize the many ways body processes affect the functioning of the brain and mind. As physicians, they can prescribe medication. Patients who are prescribed medications will typically need to continue to see a psychiatrist so that the effects of the medication can be monitored. For many psychiatric conditions, including common disorders such as anxiety and depression, the preferred treatment is combination therapy—medication accompanied by psychotherapy.

Do psychiatrists offer therapy?

Psychiatrists are generally trained in a number of treatment modalities, including psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, and, increasingly, somatic therapies. Typically, psychiatrists make a diagnosis and determine a course of treatment based on chemical or biological factors, using lab tests, brain scans and physical and psychological evaluations. While psychotherapy may be used in the first session to aid in diagnosis, it is not typically utilized in subsequent visits. In fact, after the introductory session, most sessions with a psychiatrist may only be 15-20 minutes in length and are largely focused on medication management. Many psychiatrists who do not offer psychotherapy work collaboratively with psychologists and other mental health clinicians and can refer clients seeking talk therapy to those providers.

How do I know if I need a psychiatrist or a therapist?

It is not always easy to know which type of mental health practitioner to choose. Many people are unaware of the root of their mental or behavioral problem. One way many people learn which type of care is best for them is by seeing their primary care provider first. Depending on the nature and severity of the symptoms, the physician may review their medical history or perform medical tests to determine whether biological factors are involved before making a referral. It is not necessary for a person to know precisely what type of care they need in order to seek help. Many psychiatrists and psychologists refer clients to each other depending on client needs.

Do I need a referral to see a psychiatrist?

A referral to a psychiatrist is often not required. However, seeing your primary care physician first can be helpful and actually prove to be a shortcut to getting what you need. Your PCP may have a clear idea whether psychiatric help is needed and/or which kind of mental health care would be most beneficial and refer you to the right type of practitioner. For that reason alone, some psychiatrists require a referral. Further, many insurance plans require a referral from a PCP if they cover all of part of the cost of seeing a specialist; if, however, you are paying out of pocket, you may not need a referral. In any case, a referral may speed the process of securing an appointment with a psychiatrist, especially in areas where there is a shortage of mental health specialists and new patients face long waits for appointments.