Therapists in Thornwood, NY

Photo of Susan Guiney, EdD, Cl Hyp
Susan Guiney
EdD, Cl Hyp
Verified Verified
Thornwood, NY 10594
Do you know a highly successful individual who feels stuck? Who feels that there is more to life and longs for better health, more wealth and happiness? Does this sound familiar to you? Whether it's feelings of anxiety, issues with self confidence, sleep issues, finding your purpose in life or managing your emotions, I can help you uncover the root cause of these feelings and free yourself from the obsolete beliefs and behaviors that keep you from living the life you always dreamed of living. As a "brain trainer", learning leader, and Supt. of Schools I have helped 1000's of children, teens, and adults find personal success.
Do you know a highly successful individual who feels stuck? Who feels that there is more to life and longs for better health, more wealth and happiness? Does this sound familiar to you? Whether it's feelings of anxiety, issues with self confidence, sleep issues, finding your purpose in life or managing your emotions, I can help you uncover the root cause of these feelings and free yourself from the obsolete beliefs and behaviors that keep you from living the life you always dreamed of living. As a "brain trainer", learning leader, and Supt. of Schools I have helped 1000's of children, teens, and adults find personal success.
(914) 342-7383 View (914) 342-7383
Photo of Ana Scali, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Ana Scali
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Thornwood, NY 10594
I am a Clinical Social Worker licensed to treat patients in NY, NJ, CT, and PA. I specialize in providing care to teens and young adults (12-25) with anxiety and related concerns. My approach is warm, collaborative, compassionate, and pragmatic, and my orientation is rooted in exposure-based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). I believe in partnering with young adults, teens, and their families to provide tailored, effective care so my patients can take their lives back from anxiety.
I am a Clinical Social Worker licensed to treat patients in NY, NJ, CT, and PA. I specialize in providing care to teens and young adults (12-25) with anxiety and related concerns. My approach is warm, collaborative, compassionate, and pragmatic, and my orientation is rooted in exposure-based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). I believe in partnering with young adults, teens, and their families to provide tailored, effective care so my patients can take their lives back from anxiety.
(914) 825-5667 View (914) 825-5667
Photo of Cara Settipani, PhD, Psychologist
Cara Settipani
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Thornwood, NY 10594  (Online Only)
Welcome! I’m a clinical psychologist with 15 years of experience helping children, adolescents, and adults with anxiety, OCD, and related concerns. I specialize in cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), including exposure and response prevention (ERP) for the treatment of OCD. My therapeutic style is collaborative and warm. I enjoy helping people develop effective skills to take back control from anxiety and make meaningful behavior change that is consistent with their personal values and goals. I am licensed to work with clients who reside in NY, NJ, CT & CA.
Welcome! I’m a clinical psychologist with 15 years of experience helping children, adolescents, and adults with anxiety, OCD, and related concerns. I specialize in cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), including exposure and response prevention (ERP) for the treatment of OCD. My therapeutic style is collaborative and warm. I enjoy helping people develop effective skills to take back control from anxiety and make meaningful behavior change that is consistent with their personal values and goals. I am licensed to work with clients who reside in NY, NJ, CT & CA.
(914) 730-5267 View (914) 730-5267
Photo of Diana Zadrima Marriage And Family Therapist, MFT, Ms Ed
Diana Zadrima Marriage And Family Therapist
MFT, Ms Ed
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Thornwood, NY 10594
I am a licensed therapist with dual master’s degrees in Counseling and Personal Services, as well as Marriage and Family Therapy. I am also trained to Level Three in the Gottman Method for couples therapy. I am dedicated to helping individuals, couples, and families navigate life's challenges and achieve meaningful, lasting change. I believe that the therapeutic relationship is a crucial aspect of effective therapy. My approach is tailored to meet the unique needs of each client, integrating various theories and interventions to provide the most effective support possible.
I am a licensed therapist with dual master’s degrees in Counseling and Personal Services, as well as Marriage and Family Therapy. I am also trained to Level Three in the Gottman Method for couples therapy. I am dedicated to helping individuals, couples, and families navigate life's challenges and achieve meaningful, lasting change. I believe that the therapeutic relationship is a crucial aspect of effective therapy. My approach is tailored to meet the unique needs of each client, integrating various theories and interventions to provide the most effective support possible.
(914) 350-6894 View (914) 350-6894
Photo of Erin Vetere, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Erin Vetere
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Thornwood, NY 10594
Are you currently experiencing grief due to the death of a loved one, a major life transition, or a terminal illness diagnosis? Are you looking to find ways to cope with or process the death or traumatic event? Do you need help communicating to loved ones or reinvesting in your life and your family's? Although it may seem impossible now, you can find peace and connection with your loss, while also adjusting to life without your loved one.
Are you currently experiencing grief due to the death of a loved one, a major life transition, or a terminal illness diagnosis? Are you looking to find ways to cope with or process the death or traumatic event? Do you need help communicating to loved ones or reinvesting in your life and your family's? Although it may seem impossible now, you can find peace and connection with your loss, while also adjusting to life without your loved one.
(914) 529-6598 View (914) 529-6598
Photo of Dennis Thornton, PhD, Psychologist
Dennis Thornton
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Thornwood, NY 10594
Not accepting new clients
Isn't it frustrating to be confronted with life issues that can cause hardship and emotional pain. That despite your best efforts a more desirable outcome seems illusive. Sometimes, we all need a helping hand to identify and initiate more effective life strategies. I can help you promote desirable changes with either long standing personal issues or more acute ones that have been brought on by circumstances or unfortunate life events. No matter what the situation, the opportunity for positive change is always present.
Isn't it frustrating to be confronted with life issues that can cause hardship and emotional pain. That despite your best efforts a more desirable outcome seems illusive. Sometimes, we all need a helping hand to identify and initiate more effective life strategies. I can help you promote desirable changes with either long standing personal issues or more acute ones that have been brought on by circumstances or unfortunate life events. No matter what the situation, the opportunity for positive change is always present.
(914) 295-0658 View (914) 295-0658
Photo of Barbara Block, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Barbara Block
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Thornwood, NY 10594
At times, life can be particularly painful and/or challenging. Sometimes the reasons are clear; sometimes you may have no idea why you feel the way you do. Talking with a well-trained empathic therapist can be a great source of comfort and support. It can help you clarify and change the unhealthy patterns in your life.
At times, life can be particularly painful and/or challenging. Sometimes the reasons are clear; sometimes you may have no idea why you feel the way you do. Talking with a well-trained empathic therapist can be a great source of comfort and support. It can help you clarify and change the unhealthy patterns in your life.
(914) 357-4714 View (914) 357-4714
Photo of Beth Donath-Tish, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Beth Donath-Tish
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Thornwood, NY 10594  (Online Only)
I am a LCSW-R who has extensive experience working with adolescents and their parents. I treat areas of depression, anxiety, school related issues and relationship issues. I have been providing services for the last 25 years and have been able to help our teenage population on many different levels. In addition I have also provided individual services to adults in whom are in need of support and guidance. I also provide Supervision to students who are in Graduate School that need someone to help guide them and help them prepare for their LMSW and or LCSW.
I am a LCSW-R who has extensive experience working with adolescents and their parents. I treat areas of depression, anxiety, school related issues and relationship issues. I have been providing services for the last 25 years and have been able to help our teenage population on many different levels. In addition I have also provided individual services to adults in whom are in need of support and guidance. I also provide Supervision to students who are in Graduate School that need someone to help guide them and help them prepare for their LMSW and or LCSW.
(646) 386-2247 View (646) 386-2247
Photo of Laura McAuliffe, LMHC, Counselor
Laura McAuliffe
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Thornwood, NY 10594
Laura Mazzapica, MA, LMHC Laura Mazzapica is a Licensed Mental Health Counselor who is trained in and practices Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) and Dialectal Behavior Therapy(DBT). Laura is highly trained and experienced with providing counseling to children and teens to address social, emotional, and behavioral difficulties. She offers individual and group counseling and Family Therapy sessions. Laura believes in supporting and maintaining emotional health in children and adolescents as the basis for their happiness and success. She appreciates the opportunity to help children and teens change and grow into happy and confident people.
Laura Mazzapica, MA, LMHC Laura Mazzapica is a Licensed Mental Health Counselor who is trained in and practices Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) and Dialectal Behavior Therapy(DBT). Laura is highly trained and experienced with providing counseling to children and teens to address social, emotional, and behavioral difficulties. She offers individual and group counseling and Family Therapy sessions. Laura believes in supporting and maintaining emotional health in children and adolescents as the basis for their happiness and success. She appreciates the opportunity to help children and teens change and grow into happy and confident people.
(914) 712-6845 View (914) 712-6845
Photo of Suzanne Schuster, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Suzanne Schuster
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Thornwood, NY 10594
Have you wondered if your child or adolescent would benefit from therapy? I offer a complimentary consultation to discuss any questions you may have. I can help your child explore their feelings, make sense of their experience, and develop their full potential. I can help your child become their own therapist by learning techniques and coping strategies to learn how to deal with their challenges in their lives. I work well with children and adolescents struggling with anxiety, depression, social issues, learning issues, attention deficit disorder, and body image issues. Clients often see improved well-being early on in therapy.
Have you wondered if your child or adolescent would benefit from therapy? I offer a complimentary consultation to discuss any questions you may have. I can help your child explore their feelings, make sense of their experience, and develop their full potential. I can help your child become their own therapist by learning techniques and coping strategies to learn how to deal with their challenges in their lives. I work well with children and adolescents struggling with anxiety, depression, social issues, learning issues, attention deficit disorder, and body image issues. Clients often see improved well-being early on in therapy.
(347) 252-8296 View (347) 252-8296
Photo of Dr. Brant Anderson, PhD, JD, Pre-Licensed Professional
Dr. Brant Anderson
Pre-Licensed Professional, PhD, JD
Verified Verified
Thornwood, NY 10594
I am a clinical psychologist with expertise in treating a variety of life difficulties, including anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, sexual issues, and career issues. I work well with a variety of clients, from adolescents, adults, parents to executives. I am compassionate, easy to talk to, and real. Whether you are experiencing chronic feelings of anxiety, unhappiness, or procrastinating and feeling stuck in your career, I can help get your life back on track and reach your full potential. My clients often see a reduction in symptoms and improvement early on in treatment.
I am a clinical psychologist with expertise in treating a variety of life difficulties, including anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, sexual issues, and career issues. I work well with a variety of clients, from adolescents, adults, parents to executives. I am compassionate, easy to talk to, and real. Whether you are experiencing chronic feelings of anxiety, unhappiness, or procrastinating and feeling stuck in your career, I can help get your life back on track and reach your full potential. My clients often see a reduction in symptoms and improvement early on in treatment.
(646) 791-3508 View (646) 791-3508
Photo of Susan Jennifer Polese, MS, NCC, LMHC, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Susan Jennifer Polese
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, NCC, LMHC, LPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Thornwood, NY 10594
I specialize in Female and Female Identifying empowerment and liberation. I'm a holistic counselor who employs positive psychology to help you make room for difficult emotions, deal with trauma, manage stress and help you live the life you want. In my therapy room you'll experience a caring approach focusing on your healing and empowerment. LGBTQAI+ (and non labeling) clients work with me to improve their lives from a place of strength. I'm listed as a mental health provider through True Colors, Sexual Minority Youth & Family Services, Connecticut.
I specialize in Female and Female Identifying empowerment and liberation. I'm a holistic counselor who employs positive psychology to help you make room for difficult emotions, deal with trauma, manage stress and help you live the life you want. In my therapy room you'll experience a caring approach focusing on your healing and empowerment. LGBTQAI+ (and non labeling) clients work with me to improve their lives from a place of strength. I'm listed as a mental health provider through True Colors, Sexual Minority Youth & Family Services, Connecticut.
(203) 307-1352 View (203) 307-1352
Photo of Judith Zackson, PhD, Psychologist
Judith Zackson
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Thornwood, NY 10594
Have you wondered if therapy can be helpful to your adolescent or young adult? I offer a complimentary phone consultation to discuss any questions you may have. You can talk to me about anything; nothing you tell me will shock or surprise me. I can help your child become their own therapist by learning techniques and coping strategies to work through the challenges in their lives. I work well with children and adolescents struggling with anxiety, depression, social issues, learning issues, attention deficit disorder, and body image issues. Clients often see a reduction in symptoms and improved well-being early on in therapy.
Have you wondered if therapy can be helpful to your adolescent or young adult? I offer a complimentary phone consultation to discuss any questions you may have. You can talk to me about anything; nothing you tell me will shock or surprise me. I can help your child become their own therapist by learning techniques and coping strategies to work through the challenges in their lives. I work well with children and adolescents struggling with anxiety, depression, social issues, learning issues, attention deficit disorder, and body image issues. Clients often see a reduction in symptoms and improved well-being early on in therapy.
(347) 752-5318 View (347) 752-5318
Photo of Diana Korall Cohen, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Diana Korall Cohen
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Thornwood, NY 10594  (Online Only)
I am interested in assisting and supporting individuals with various needs and concerns. I particularly enjoy working with families with young children. I believed it is extremely important to have emotional and therapeutic support when faced with difficulties in your life. We will create and work towards your goals together. I want individuals to feel like our sessions are a safe place to talk freely. I also offer clinical supervision to clinicians who feel they may need both therapeutic and emotional support. I am trained in Child Parent Psychotherapy (CPP), Trauma Systems Therapy (TST) and various play therapy techniques.
I am interested in assisting and supporting individuals with various needs and concerns. I particularly enjoy working with families with young children. I believed it is extremely important to have emotional and therapeutic support when faced with difficulties in your life. We will create and work towards your goals together. I want individuals to feel like our sessions are a safe place to talk freely. I also offer clinical supervision to clinicians who feel they may need both therapeutic and emotional support. I am trained in Child Parent Psychotherapy (CPP), Trauma Systems Therapy (TST) and various play therapy techniques.
(914) 415-4350 View (914) 415-4350
Photo of Brenda DeEsso, LCSW-R, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Brenda DeEsso
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Thornwood, NY 10594  (Online Only)
I help those who are feeling overwhelmed and stressed, wanting to make and see changes for themselves, or struggling with feeling disconnected to their authentic self. This may be due to personal challenges, past events, relationships conflicts, or life transitions. I work with adults, young adults, adolescents and couples. My clients and I work together toward meeting desired results and creating a balanced management of life stressors.
I help those who are feeling overwhelmed and stressed, wanting to make and see changes for themselves, or struggling with feeling disconnected to their authentic self. This may be due to personal challenges, past events, relationships conflicts, or life transitions. I work with adults, young adults, adolescents and couples. My clients and I work together toward meeting desired results and creating a balanced management of life stressors.
(914) 303-5424 View (914) 303-5424
Photo of Diana Soler, MA, MHC-LP, Pre-Licensed Professional
Diana Soler
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, MHC-LP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Thornwood, NY 10594  (Online Only)
You are courageous for starting your healing journey! As a queer Latinx woman, I want to provide a supportive environment for those that don’t often feel understood or seen in their personal lives. I strive to empower and support individuals to be the best version of themselves. Through developing a genuine connection in our virtual sessions, we will work towards finding your purpose and self-worth.
You are courageous for starting your healing journey! As a queer Latinx woman, I want to provide a supportive environment for those that don’t often feel understood or seen in their personal lives. I strive to empower and support individuals to be the best version of themselves. Through developing a genuine connection in our virtual sessions, we will work towards finding your purpose and self-worth.
(914) 483-5200 View (914) 483-5200

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Donna Rebecca Siegal, LCSW-R, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Donna Rebecca Siegal
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R
Verified Verified
Briarcliff Manor, NY 10510  (Online Only)
I have been a social worker at a large NYC hospital for over thirty years, in addition to maintaining a private practice. Most of the people I've encountered have either struggled with a chronic condition and all the associated family and mental health issues- or had the upheaval of a serious diagnosis. Illness impacts every aspect of an individuals life- from employment, to disclosure, to intimate relationships. My approach is empathetic, yet direct and I have an excellent grasp of the challenges of dealing with the health care system. My work is to empower clients to utilize their strengths and to develop new coping strategies.
I have been a social worker at a large NYC hospital for over thirty years, in addition to maintaining a private practice. Most of the people I've encountered have either struggled with a chronic condition and all the associated family and mental health issues- or had the upheaval of a serious diagnosis. Illness impacts every aspect of an individuals life- from employment, to disclosure, to intimate relationships. My approach is empathetic, yet direct and I have an excellent grasp of the challenges of dealing with the health care system. My work is to empower clients to utilize their strengths and to develop new coping strategies.
(914) 875-2377 View (914) 875-2377
Photo of Marc Fernandez - Westchester Relationship Center, Marriage & Family Therapist
Westchester Relationship Center
Marriage & Family Therapist
Verified Verified
Hawthorne, NY 10532
Westchester Relationship Center is a new therapy practice with availability for new clients. Our clinicians provide in-person and remote individual, couple and family therapy using evidence-based practices to help you meet your therapeutic goals.
Westchester Relationship Center is a new therapy practice with availability for new clients. Our clinicians provide in-person and remote individual, couple and family therapy using evidence-based practices to help you meet your therapeutic goals.
(914) 256-2850 View (914) 256-2850
Photo of Lara Sonia Fastman, LCSW-R, CASAC, CPC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Lara Sonia Fastman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R, CASAC, CPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Pleasantville, NY 10570
We all need help sometimes. You might be a mother struggling with postpartum depression, juggling the stress of kids and work, or coming to grips with an empty nest. You might be a student dealing with the pressures of high school or college, facing the demands of maintaining your grades and social life at the same time. Or maybe you’re someone battling the damage of addiction, staring at the loss of your friends, your job and even your own identity. Whatever the story, life can challenge us all.
We all need help sometimes. You might be a mother struggling with postpartum depression, juggling the stress of kids and work, or coming to grips with an empty nest. You might be a student dealing with the pressures of high school or college, facing the demands of maintaining your grades and social life at the same time. Or maybe you’re someone battling the damage of addiction, staring at the loss of your friends, your job and even your own identity. Whatever the story, life can challenge us all.
(914) 265-2242 View (914) 265-2242
James K Zimmerman
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Pleasantville, NY 10570  (Online Only)
My background and experience are quite varied, including psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, family systems, and neuropsychological perspectives. This allows me to approach each situation with a unique focus on the need of the individual or individuals involved, and to provide treatment tailored to those needs (rather than to narrow conceptualization on my part of what psychotherapy 'is'). I also frequently draw upon the practice of meditation in helping people cope with anxiety, depression, learning issues, impulsivity, addiction, and so on. My commitment is to helping people gain both self-understanding and the ability to make substantive changes in behavior.
My background and experience are quite varied, including psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, family systems, and neuropsychological perspectives. This allows me to approach each situation with a unique focus on the need of the individual or individuals involved, and to provide treatment tailored to those needs (rather than to narrow conceptualization on my part of what psychotherapy 'is'). I also frequently draw upon the practice of meditation in helping people cope with anxiety, depression, learning issues, impulsivity, addiction, and so on. My commitment is to helping people gain both self-understanding and the ability to make substantive changes in behavior.
(914) 712-8045 View (914) 712-8045

See more therapy options for Thornwood

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Thornwood, NY

10+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in Thornwood, NY who prioritize treating:

100% Anxiety
76% Family Conflict
76% Coping Skills
71% Self Esteem
71% Stress
65% Relationship Issues
65% Peer Relationships

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Aetna
91% Oxford
91% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Thornwood, NY see their clients

71% In Person and Online
29% Online Only

Gender breakdown

90% Female
10% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Thornwood?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.