Counselling in 6056

View suburbs and cities in 6056
Photo of Sigma Therapies, Psychologist in 6056, WA
Sigma Therapies
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Midland, WA 6056
Sigma Therapies is a forward-thinking psychology practice based in Western Australia. As partners on your wellness journey, we are committed to delivering a holistic approach to mental health. Our pioneering approach is rooted in the belief that each individual is more than the sum of their parts. We transform lives through a wide array of services tailored to meet your diverse needs. Visit www.sigmatherapies.com.au for more information and streamlined booking.
Sigma Therapies is a forward-thinking psychology practice based in Western Australia. As partners on your wellness journey, we are committed to delivering a holistic approach to mental health. Our pioneering approach is rooted in the belief that each individual is more than the sum of their parts. We transform lives through a wide array of services tailored to meet your diverse needs. Visit www.sigmatherapies.com.au for more information and streamlined booking.
1300 366 860 View 1300 366 860
Photo of Samantha Strahan, Counsellor in 6056, WA
Samantha Strahan
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified
Midland, WA 6056
Are you struggling with infertility, low self-esteem, or relationship issues? You're not alone. I am here to support you on your journey towards healing and growth. I am a compassionate and experienced counsellor who believes in a holistic approach to therapy. By focusing on the whole person - mind, body, and spirit - I assist clients to achieve balance and well-being in their lives. With a person-centered approach, I create a safe and non-judgmental space for clients to explore their thoughts, feelings, and experiences so they can move through and past pain to a state of awareness and acceptance.
Are you struggling with infertility, low self-esteem, or relationship issues? You're not alone. I am here to support you on your journey towards healing and growth. I am a compassionate and experienced counsellor who believes in a holistic approach to therapy. By focusing on the whole person - mind, body, and spirit - I assist clients to achieve balance and well-being in their lives. With a person-centered approach, I create a safe and non-judgmental space for clients to explore their thoughts, feelings, and experiences so they can move through and past pain to a state of awareness and acceptance.
(08) 9540 0872 View (08) 9540 0872
Photo of Jade Rivera, Counsellor in 6056, WA
Jade Rivera
Counsellor, MA, ACA-L4
Verified
1 Endorsed
Midland, WA 6056
I work from a client-centred and transpersonal lens within a trauma-informed framework. I assist people suffering from anxiety, depression, grief & loss, ADHD, relationship problems, drug & alcohol use, existential crises, life transitions, loneliness and a range of other issues that contribute to difficulties coping. I often help highly sensitive people, and clients interested in moving into deeper truth. The therapeutic process involves identifying needs, working through fears and concerns, exploring various aspects of the self, and helping people to find their centre so they may experience a more joyful and fulfilling existence.
I work from a client-centred and transpersonal lens within a trauma-informed framework. I assist people suffering from anxiety, depression, grief & loss, ADHD, relationship problems, drug & alcohol use, existential crises, life transitions, loneliness and a range of other issues that contribute to difficulties coping. I often help highly sensitive people, and clients interested in moving into deeper truth. The therapeutic process involves identifying needs, working through fears and concerns, exploring various aspects of the self, and helping people to find their centre so they may experience a more joyful and fulfilling existence.
(08) 6490 9810 View (08) 6490 9810
Photo of Olivia Neville, Psychologist in 6056, WA
Olivia Neville
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
Midland, WA 6056
I am passionate about early intervention and working with children, young people and their families providing therapeutic support. I have particular interests in attachment, disrupted attachment, trauma, anxiety and depressive disorders. I also have an interest in perinatal mental health and associated difficulties.
I am passionate about early intervention and working with children, young people and their families providing therapeutic support. I have particular interests in attachment, disrupted attachment, trauma, anxiety and depressive disorders. I also have an interest in perinatal mental health and associated difficulties.
(08) 6109 8062 x08 View (08) 6109 8062 x08
Photo of Nicholas Fares, Psychologist in 6056, WA
Nicholas Fares
Psychologist, PsychD, PsyBA General
Verified
Midland, WA 6056
My ideal client spans all ages, seeking support for challenges from daily stress to deep-seated psychological issues. They desire resilience, understanding, and growth, aiming for a life of balance and enhanced well-being. Whether navigating life transitions, relationship dynamics, or identity struggles, they seek a therapeutic partnership that offers a non-judgmental space for exploration and healing. They aim to build coping skills, foster meaningful connections, and achieve a sense of fulfilment and purpose, guided by compassion and evidence-based strategies.
My ideal client spans all ages, seeking support for challenges from daily stress to deep-seated psychological issues. They desire resilience, understanding, and growth, aiming for a life of balance and enhanced well-being. Whether navigating life transitions, relationship dynamics, or identity struggles, they seek a therapeutic partnership that offers a non-judgmental space for exploration and healing. They aim to build coping skills, foster meaningful connections, and achieve a sense of fulfilment and purpose, guided by compassion and evidence-based strategies.
(08) 6109 8152 View (08) 6109 8152
Photo of Fiona Mann, Psychologist in 6056, WA
Fiona Mann
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
Midland, WA 6056
As a warm and empathic clinical psychology registrar with a person-centred approach, I provide a safe space for clients to explore a range of issues (including adjustment to life changes, stress management, depression, anxiety, parenting issues, body image and self-worth). Together, we identify their unique strengths and utilise evidence-based strategies to facilitate increased insight and lasting change.
As a warm and empathic clinical psychology registrar with a person-centred approach, I provide a safe space for clients to explore a range of issues (including adjustment to life changes, stress management, depression, anxiety, parenting issues, body image and self-worth). Together, we identify their unique strengths and utilise evidence-based strategies to facilitate increased insight and lasting change.
(08) 6171 2965 View (08) 6171 2965
Photo of Hayley Moulton, Psychologist in 6056, WA
Hayley Moulton
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Midland, WA 6056
I’m an empathic registered psychologist who uses a client-driven, collaborative, and holistic approach to therapy. I believe that therapeutic change must be based on a trusting and empathic therapeutic relationship and I work to provide a space where my clients feel safe and heard. I implement evidence-based interventions to help facilitate change and insight. I will work collaboratively with you to ensure you meet your therapeutic goals.
I’m an empathic registered psychologist who uses a client-driven, collaborative, and holistic approach to therapy. I believe that therapeutic change must be based on a trusting and empathic therapeutic relationship and I work to provide a space where my clients feel safe and heard. I implement evidence-based interventions to help facilitate change and insight. I will work collaboratively with you to ensure you meet your therapeutic goals.
(08) 6171 2918 View (08) 6171 2918
Photo of Angela Bitney, Psychologist in 6056, WA
Angela Bitney
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
Midland, WA 6056
Angela is a warm and compassionate psychologist who is passionate about working with people across the lifespan. Angela combines a strong academic background with hands-on experience in providing therapeutic interventions for young minds. Employing evidence based practices grounded in psychodynamic and attachment theory, she is dedicated to creating a safe and nurturing space for children, adolescents, and adults to explore and understand their emotional landscapes.
Angela is a warm and compassionate psychologist who is passionate about working with people across the lifespan. Angela combines a strong academic background with hands-on experience in providing therapeutic interventions for young minds. Employing evidence based practices grounded in psychodynamic and attachment theory, she is dedicated to creating a safe and nurturing space for children, adolescents, and adults to explore and understand their emotional landscapes.
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Photo of Lily Caitlin Martin, Psychologist in 6056, WA
Lily Caitlin Martin
Psychologist, PsyBA Prov
Verified
Midland, WA 6056
I’m a provisionally registered psychologist committed to providing a warm, compassionate, and non-judgemental approach to both therapy and assessment. I appreciate the value of each person's unique experience and I will work collaboratively with you to develop a tailored treatment plan to support your individual needs and goals. I am passionate about building a strong therapeutic alliance, and utilising strategies to create meaningful and lasting change.
I’m a provisionally registered psychologist committed to providing a warm, compassionate, and non-judgemental approach to both therapy and assessment. I appreciate the value of each person's unique experience and I will work collaboratively with you to develop a tailored treatment plan to support your individual needs and goals. I am passionate about building a strong therapeutic alliance, and utilising strategies to create meaningful and lasting change.
(08) 6109 8084 View (08) 6109 8084
Photo of Kellie Sheldon, Counsellor in 6056, WA
Kellie Sheldon
Counsellor, MA, ACA-L3
Verified
3 Endorsed
Midland, WA 6056
Waitlist for new clients
Finding a therapist to help with trauma, relationships, and sex can be daunting. You need someone who understands the complexity of trauma and can help you navigate the healing process. Together, we can explore the past and work towards creating a brighter future. I provide a safe space where you can speak freely in the language you're comfortable with. It's not only about what happened to you but also what didn't. Let's leave behind society's judgments and explore self-acceptance. You can talk to me about your trauma, emotional pain, sexual difficulties and pleasures, and relationship struggles without fear of judgment.
Finding a therapist to help with trauma, relationships, and sex can be daunting. You need someone who understands the complexity of trauma and can help you navigate the healing process. Together, we can explore the past and work towards creating a brighter future. I provide a safe space where you can speak freely in the language you're comfortable with. It's not only about what happened to you but also what didn't. Let's leave behind society's judgments and explore self-acceptance. You can talk to me about your trauma, emotional pain, sexual difficulties and pleasures, and relationship struggles without fear of judgment.
(08) 6109 8292 View (08) 6109 8292
Photo of Georgina Gourley, Psychologist in 6056, WA
Georgina Gourley
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Midland, WA 6056
Hello! I am a warm and empathetic Psychologist with experience in working with a broad variety of issues with both individuals and couples. I particularly enjoy working with Anxiety, OCD, ADHD, Autism, Mood disorders, Life transitions, and Relationship issues. My focus is on providing a welcoming, safe and judgement free space to help you explore, build greater self awareness, reduce distress and make meaningful change in your life. I offer couples counselling to a diverse range of couples experiencing a broad range of issues including within the LGBTQI+ community.
Hello! I am a warm and empathetic Psychologist with experience in working with a broad variety of issues with both individuals and couples. I particularly enjoy working with Anxiety, OCD, ADHD, Autism, Mood disorders, Life transitions, and Relationship issues. My focus is on providing a welcoming, safe and judgement free space to help you explore, build greater self awareness, reduce distress and make meaningful change in your life. I offer couples counselling to a diverse range of couples experiencing a broad range of issues including within the LGBTQI+ community.
(08) 6185 0833 View (08) 6185 0833
Photo of Sheree Argus Bluebell Therapy , Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 6056, WA
Sheree Argus Bluebell Therapy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified
Midland, WA 6056
Sheree has extensive experience with children and young people with complex mental health needs having worked in specialist Child & Adolescent Mental Health Services for many years. She is Family Therapist and Accredited Mental Social Worker with AASW (Australian Association of Social Workers) who works in a collaborative, systemic and non-judgmental manner with young people, adults and families. Sheree works with people presenting with anxiety, depression, trauma, self-harm and school refusal.
Sheree has extensive experience with children and young people with complex mental health needs having worked in specialist Child & Adolescent Mental Health Services for many years. She is Family Therapist and Accredited Mental Social Worker with AASW (Australian Association of Social Workers) who works in a collaborative, systemic and non-judgmental manner with young people, adults and families. Sheree works with people presenting with anxiety, depression, trauma, self-harm and school refusal.
(08) 6109 9364 View (08) 6109 9364
Photo of Ash Wenban, Psychologist in 6056, WA
Ash Wenban
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
Midland, WA 6056
Hey, I am Ash. I typically like to think of myself as someone with an easy-going approach and who has many (many!) different types of interests. I enjoy seeing clients of all ages and have a particular interest in supporting clients in late adolescence and adulthood who are experiencing challenges with their interpersonal relationships. I place a strong focus on building an authentic, trusting, and honest connection with my clients.
Hey, I am Ash. I typically like to think of myself as someone with an easy-going approach and who has many (many!) different types of interests. I enjoy seeing clients of all ages and have a particular interest in supporting clients in late adolescence and adulthood who are experiencing challenges with their interpersonal relationships. I place a strong focus on building an authentic, trusting, and honest connection with my clients.
(08) 6171 2737 View (08) 6171 2737
Photo of Alison G Van Corler, Counsellor in 6056, WA
Alison G Van Corler
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified
Swan View, WA 6056
Not accepting new clients
What I offer is an integrated approach centred on your needs. I have worked in Mental Health Wellness, Family Services and Relationships. My specialty is stress and confusion. I promote a safe space for the client to achieve their outcome. I offer to find healthy solutions in the new story.
What I offer is an integrated approach centred on your needs. I have worked in Mental Health Wellness, Family Services and Relationships. My specialty is stress and confusion. I promote a safe space for the client to achieve their outcome. I offer to find healthy solutions in the new story.
(08) 6120 1664 x61 View (08) 6120 1664 x61
Photo of Kerry Drummond, Counsellor in 6056, WA
Kerry Drummond
Counsellor, ACA-L4
Verified
Midland, WA 6056
Life has ups and downs and most of the time you find a way through. Lately though it seems harder to bounce back, life can be more uncertain and losing parts of life we took for granted, like job security, or jumping on a plane to travel or visit family, is taking its toll. There's a feeling of flatness, lack of motivation or energy which make the frustrations of life more challenging to manage. Family relationships can be more tense than usual balancing unexpected and sudden changes or loss. It would be great to find a way to tap into the best version of yourself to get on with life in a meaningful way and feel energised again.
Life has ups and downs and most of the time you find a way through. Lately though it seems harder to bounce back, life can be more uncertain and losing parts of life we took for granted, like job security, or jumping on a plane to travel or visit family, is taking its toll. There's a feeling of flatness, lack of motivation or energy which make the frustrations of life more challenging to manage. Family relationships can be more tense than usual balancing unexpected and sudden changes or loss. It would be great to find a way to tap into the best version of yourself to get on with life in a meaningful way and feel energised again.
(08) 7078 8248 View (08) 7078 8248
Photo of B Iriks, Psychologist in 6056, WA
B Iriks
Psychologist, PsyBA Prov
Verified
Midland, WA 6056
Hi I'm B (they/him) and I am a proudly neurodivergent therapist with a gentle and easygoing approach. I have lived neurodivergent and LGBTQIA+ experience, so I am very welcoming and open to a diverse range of clients and I have a deep understanding of the struggles involved. I am experienced in providing therapy for a wide scope of issues including ADHD, Autism, Anxiety, Depression, and Gender Dysphoria. I have 7 years of experience working across a range of ages in disability support, and have worked with a range of ages in my psychological practice.
Hi I'm B (they/him) and I am a proudly neurodivergent therapist with a gentle and easygoing approach. I have lived neurodivergent and LGBTQIA+ experience, so I am very welcoming and open to a diverse range of clients and I have a deep understanding of the struggles involved. I am experienced in providing therapy for a wide scope of issues including ADHD, Autism, Anxiety, Depression, and Gender Dysphoria. I have 7 years of experience working across a range of ages in disability support, and have worked with a range of ages in my psychological practice.
(08) 6109 9057 View (08) 6109 9057
Photo of Oliver Brooke - IFS Certified Therapist, Counsellor in 6056, WA
Oliver Brooke - IFS Certified Therapist
Counsellor, MC, ACA-L4
Verified
2 Endorsed
Midland, WA 6056
Oliver is a Certified Internal Family System (IFS) Therapist, ACA Registered Counsellor (Level 4), and ACA Recognised Supervisor. Are you searching for a deeper connection to yourself and others? Are parts of you feeling stuck? Do you feel conflicted inside? Have you tried talking therapy and felt like you weren't getting anywhere? IFS therapy offers a powerful alternative to traditional therapy going directly to the parts of you which are stuck, releasing your true inner potential for connection to yourself, and may shift burdened emotions and beliefs. Allow Oliver to guide you to your true nature with IFS.
Oliver is a Certified Internal Family System (IFS) Therapist, ACA Registered Counsellor (Level 4), and ACA Recognised Supervisor. Are you searching for a deeper connection to yourself and others? Are parts of you feeling stuck? Do you feel conflicted inside? Have you tried talking therapy and felt like you weren't getting anywhere? IFS therapy offers a powerful alternative to traditional therapy going directly to the parts of you which are stuck, releasing your true inner potential for connection to yourself, and may shift burdened emotions and beliefs. Allow Oliver to guide you to your true nature with IFS.
(08) 6490 9826 View (08) 6490 9826
Photo of Stephanie Koutsoukos, Counsellor in 6056, WA
Stephanie Koutsoukos
Counsellor, MA, PACFA
Verified
Midland, WA 6056
Stephanie has experience supporting individuals, couples and families from all walks of life. Stephanie is passionate about providing a safe, insightful space for others, holding a belief that healthy connections foster growth. Integrating Psychodynamic, Attachment-focussed and Emotion-focussed therapies, Stephanie is attentive and creative in her approach. Steph is able to provide support to adults with childhood trauma, utilising IMR (Imagery Rescripting) and a trauma-informed approach.
Stephanie has experience supporting individuals, couples and families from all walks of life. Stephanie is passionate about providing a safe, insightful space for others, holding a belief that healthy connections foster growth. Integrating Psychodynamic, Attachment-focussed and Emotion-focussed therapies, Stephanie is attentive and creative in her approach. Steph is able to provide support to adults with childhood trauma, utilising IMR (Imagery Rescripting) and a trauma-informed approach.
(08) 7078 7829 View (08) 7078 7829
Photo of Bronwyn Lester, Psychologist in 6056, WA
Bronwyn Lester
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Midland, WA 6056
I understand that at times we all feel anxious, stuck, lost, alone or empty. Sometimes it is fleeting, sometimes it stays for a while and sometimes it seems it is never going to leave. No two people are the same and I am committed to a collaborative approach towards understanding you and find a pathway to best resolve your emotional difficulties. I draw from a range of psychological treatment approaches including Psychodynamic Psychotherapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Eye Movement Densensitisation and Reprocessing, and Internal Family Systems
I understand that at times we all feel anxious, stuck, lost, alone or empty. Sometimes it is fleeting, sometimes it stays for a while and sometimes it seems it is never going to leave. No two people are the same and I am committed to a collaborative approach towards understanding you and find a pathway to best resolve your emotional difficulties. I draw from a range of psychological treatment approaches including Psychodynamic Psychotherapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Eye Movement Densensitisation and Reprocessing, and Internal Family Systems
(08) 9250 6001 View (08) 9250 6001
Photo of Susanna B Juchli, Psychologist in 6056, WA
Susanna B Juchli
Psychologist, MSc, PsyBA General
Verified
Midland, WA 6056
Do emotions sometimes become too painful and overwhelming? Taking that first step to contact someone for help can be very difficult. Establishing a caring therapeutic relationship attuned to individual needs is central to Susanna’s work. As research supports, the therapeutic relationship is the most powerful determinant of a positive outcome in psychotherapy. Susanna encourages her clients to explore and become aware how early experiences shape their present thoughts and behaviours. Gaining a greater understanding of their circumstances, allows for an empowered sense of their ability to create positive change.
Do emotions sometimes become too painful and overwhelming? Taking that first step to contact someone for help can be very difficult. Establishing a caring therapeutic relationship attuned to individual needs is central to Susanna’s work. As research supports, the therapeutic relationship is the most powerful determinant of a positive outcome in psychotherapy. Susanna encourages her clients to explore and become aware how early experiences shape their present thoughts and behaviours. Gaining a greater understanding of their circumstances, allows for an empowered sense of their ability to create positive change.
0498 116 684 View 0498 116 684

See more therapy options for 6056

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in 6056

30+

Average cost per session

$175

Counsellors in 6056 who prioritize treating:

91% Anxiety
82% Depression
76% Relationship Issues
76% Coping Skills
76% Self Esteem
76% Stress
67% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

46% Other
46% Bupa
46% Medicare Rebates

How Counsellors in 6056 see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

76% Female
18% Male
6% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in 6056?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.