Therapists in Newlands

Photo of Janda Macdonald, Registered Counsellor in Newlands, Western Cape
Janda Macdonald
Registered Counsellor, HPCSA - Counsellor
Verified
1 Endorsed
Newlands 7700
I focus on couples and individuals experiencing relational and emotional distress. My couple work is a structured approach to build hope, trust and connection whilst guiding the couple into more productive ways of communicating and connecting which allow their needs to be met more effectively. I use primarily Emotionally Focused Therapy and borrowing also from the work of Hedy Shleifer and Imago attachment principles. This is deep work aimed at moving the couple away from pain and negativity, as they are guided on an empowering journey of healing and self discovery.
I focus on couples and individuals experiencing relational and emotional distress. My couple work is a structured approach to build hope, trust and connection whilst guiding the couple into more productive ways of communicating and connecting which allow their needs to be met more effectively. I use primarily Emotionally Focused Therapy and borrowing also from the work of Hedy Shleifer and Imago attachment principles. This is deep work aimed at moving the couple away from pain and negativity, as they are guided on an empowering journey of healing and self discovery.
087 250 2910 x74 View 087 250 2910 x74
Photo of Cape Town Adoption Support, Psychologist in Newlands, Western Cape
Cape Town Adoption Support
Psychologist, PhD, HPCSA - Clin. Psych.
Verified
Newlands 7700
Being an adoptive family comes with unique challenges for all members. Cape Town Adoption Support aims to assist adoptive families at every stage of their journey, whehter you are considering adoption as a way to grow your family, being screened as an adoptive parent, waiting for placement of a baby or parenting your adopted children. Therapists from Cape Town Adoption Support see adoptive parents, adopted people, children and adults as well as birth parents who have placed a child for adoption. Cape Town Adoption Support also runs monthly support groups for adoptive parents and adopted people.
Being an adoptive family comes with unique challenges for all members. Cape Town Adoption Support aims to assist adoptive families at every stage of their journey, whehter you are considering adoption as a way to grow your family, being screened as an adoptive parent, waiting for placement of a baby or parenting your adopted children. Therapists from Cape Town Adoption Support see adoptive parents, adopted people, children and adults as well as birth parents who have placed a child for adoption. Cape Town Adoption Support also runs monthly support groups for adoptive parents and adopted people.
087 250 2148 x11 View 087 250 2148 x11
Photo of Newlands Therapy Centre, Psychologist in Newlands, Western Cape
Newlands Therapy Centre
Psychologist, MA, HPCSA - Clin. Psych.
Verified
Newlands 7700
I see children, adolescents and adults. I have a particular interest in supporting families, whether parenting, managing life transitions, adoption, relationship or family struggles, dealing with chronic or life-threatening illness. I have many years of experience working with undergraduate and graduate students, and working professionals.
I see children, adolescents and adults. I have a particular interest in supporting families, whether parenting, managing life transitions, adoption, relationship or family struggles, dealing with chronic or life-threatening illness. I have many years of experience working with undergraduate and graduate students, and working professionals.
087 250 0160 x84 View 087 250 0160 x84
Photo of Kerry Acheson, Psychologist in Newlands, Western Cape
Kerry Acheson
Psychologist, MA, HPCSA - Couns. Psych.
Verified
2 Endorsed
Newlands 7700
You may be looking for support to alleviate pain (such as anxiety, depression, trauma, loss or stressful life circumstances). Perhaps, like me, you are an HSP (highly sensitive person) and are needing help designing a sustainable life. You’re ready to invest in your personal growth, working towards improving your sense of well-being and fulfilment in your self, your relationships and your life. I enjoy a diverse practice however I have a special interest in supporting women through all aspects of matrescence (including contemplating parenthood, infertility, IVF, pregnancy, and navigating life as a biological, adoptive or step mom).
You may be looking for support to alleviate pain (such as anxiety, depression, trauma, loss or stressful life circumstances). Perhaps, like me, you are an HSP (highly sensitive person) and are needing help designing a sustainable life. You’re ready to invest in your personal growth, working towards improving your sense of well-being and fulfilment in your self, your relationships and your life. I enjoy a diverse practice however I have a special interest in supporting women through all aspects of matrescence (including contemplating parenthood, infertility, IVF, pregnancy, and navigating life as a biological, adoptive or step mom).
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Photo of Dr Siya Mjwara, Social Worker in Newlands, Western Cape
Dr Siya Mjwara
Social Worker, PhD
Verified
Newlands 7700
I offer counselling and coaching mostly in the areas of trauma, depression, anxiety, relationship and family matters. I work with individuals, couples and families. Having been in the field for over 15 years; I have a passion for assisting clients to overcome challenges; seeing them become the best version of themselves and living within their purpose.
I offer counselling and coaching mostly in the areas of trauma, depression, anxiety, relationship and family matters. I work with individuals, couples and families. Having been in the field for over 15 years; I have a passion for assisting clients to overcome challenges; seeing them become the best version of themselves and living within their purpose.
087 250 0782 x23 View 087 250 0782 x23
Photo of Michaella Sloane, Registered Counsellor in Newlands, Western Cape
Michaella Sloane
Registered Counsellor, HPCSA - Counsellor
Verified
Newlands 7700
Sometimes life can be hard and we can feel overwhelmed and defeated by circumstances and experiences. Do you feel disconnected or isolated from your friends and family? Do you feel tired all the time? Do you feel burned out? Do you feel anxious and uncertain about what's happening in your life? Are you struggling with a relationship, whether it's a family member or loved one? Do you often question yourself and your worth or value? Do you sometimes wake up wishing you were someone else? If you answered yes to any of these questions, I am here to hold your hand and listen to what you have experienced, how you think, and how you feel.
Sometimes life can be hard and we can feel overwhelmed and defeated by circumstances and experiences. Do you feel disconnected or isolated from your friends and family? Do you feel tired all the time? Do you feel burned out? Do you feel anxious and uncertain about what's happening in your life? Are you struggling with a relationship, whether it's a family member or loved one? Do you often question yourself and your worth or value? Do you sometimes wake up wishing you were someone else? If you answered yes to any of these questions, I am here to hold your hand and listen to what you have experienced, how you think, and how you feel.
087 250 0914 x53 View 087 250 0914 x53
Photo of Charli-Ann Punt, Psychologist in Newlands, Western Cape
Charli-Ann Punt
Psychologist, MA, HPCSA - Clin. Psych.
Verified
Newlands 7700
Waitlist for new clients
It takes courage to look within and to consider the experiences, relationships and ways of coping that cause you to feel stuck or in pain. The purpose of psychotherapy is to support you in the process of deepening your self-knowledge and to grow your ability to bear life’s challenges. While living with awareness is not always easy, it can mean a life filled with a greater sense of meaning, wellbeing, and peace. Please feel free to email me at charli@charlipunt.co.za to enquire about an appointment. For more information you can also visit my website: www.charlipunt.co.za
It takes courage to look within and to consider the experiences, relationships and ways of coping that cause you to feel stuck or in pain. The purpose of psychotherapy is to support you in the process of deepening your self-knowledge and to grow your ability to bear life’s challenges. While living with awareness is not always easy, it can mean a life filled with a greater sense of meaning, wellbeing, and peace. Please feel free to email me at charli@charlipunt.co.za to enquire about an appointment. For more information you can also visit my website: www.charlipunt.co.za
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Photo of Pieter Carst, General Counsellor in Newlands, Western Cape
Pieter Carst
General Counsellor, ASCHP Wellness Counsellor
Verified
Newlands 7700  (Online Only)
Change and transition happen throughout life. Some of these changes lead to happiness whilst others bring on sadness and confusion. If you are finding such events challenging or stressful then I can provide a safe space for you to share your feelings and experiences where we can work together to create an atmosphere of hope for the future.
Change and transition happen throughout life. Some of these changes lead to happiness whilst others bring on sadness and confusion. If you are finding such events challenging or stressful then I can provide a safe space for you to share your feelings and experiences where we can work together to create an atmosphere of hope for the future.
087 250 3069 x24 View 087 250 3069 x24
Photo of Heintz Heyneke, General Counsellor in Newlands, Western Cape
Heintz Heyneke
General Counsellor
Verified
Newlands 7700
Life as we know it is challenging – it’s hard! The future seems uncertain, security one thought you had isn’t so secure anymore. Constant stress and past trauma(s) may leave one feeling alone, confused, burnt out, lost, stuck, or that it all has become too much. The constant change and financial struggles seem to be ever-increasing. All (or some) of this leads to anxiety, depression, and feelings that leave us feeling helpless and even hopeless. It also skews the way that we perceive others and our surroundings. You are not alone, there is help at hand!
Life as we know it is challenging – it’s hard! The future seems uncertain, security one thought you had isn’t so secure anymore. Constant stress and past trauma(s) may leave one feeling alone, confused, burnt out, lost, stuck, or that it all has become too much. The constant change and financial struggles seem to be ever-increasing. All (or some) of this leads to anxiety, depression, and feelings that leave us feeling helpless and even hopeless. It also skews the way that we perceive others and our surroundings. You are not alone, there is help at hand!
087 250 0049 x44 View 087 250 0049 x44
Photo of Waseem Hoosain Hawa, Psychologist in Newlands, Western Cape
Waseem Hoosain Hawa
Psychologist, MPsych, HPCSA - Clin. Psych.
Verified
Newlands 7700
Sanctuary is what so many of us need in this turbulent world. We face internal and external challenges daily. My aim is to provide a nurturing space - a space in which we can safely explore and hopefully resolve any challenges you face. A space where you can feel safe to share your thoughts, your hopes, your dreams and your heartaches. A space that focuses on the work to help you overcome what is affecting your mental well-being. I aim to work with you to build a better foundation from which you can reach your full potential. Message us on 0735833831 for a call back from our administrator.
Sanctuary is what so many of us need in this turbulent world. We face internal and external challenges daily. My aim is to provide a nurturing space - a space in which we can safely explore and hopefully resolve any challenges you face. A space where you can feel safe to share your thoughts, your hopes, your dreams and your heartaches. A space that focuses on the work to help you overcome what is affecting your mental well-being. I aim to work with you to build a better foundation from which you can reach your full potential. Message us on 0735833831 for a call back from our administrator.
087 250 0902 x84 View 087 250 0902 x84
Photo of Nicola Revington, Psychologist in Newlands, Western Cape
Nicola Revington
Psychologist, MA, HPCSA - Clin. Psych.
Verified
Newlands 7700
We can all benefit from creating spaces of reflection and connection in our lives. Psychotherapy can be useful not only in helping people in severe psychological distress, but also in facilitating self-discovery, insight and growth, particularly during times of difficulty, change and transition. Greater curiosity about one’s self and increased self-awareness can help to bring recognition to, and shift, unhelpful patterns of behaviour. This insight can also increase the capacity to cope with challenging situations; contribute to building more meaningful relationships; & create space for a rich, meaningful and balanced life.
We can all benefit from creating spaces of reflection and connection in our lives. Psychotherapy can be useful not only in helping people in severe psychological distress, but also in facilitating self-discovery, insight and growth, particularly during times of difficulty, change and transition. Greater curiosity about one’s self and increased self-awareness can help to bring recognition to, and shift, unhelpful patterns of behaviour. This insight can also increase the capacity to cope with challenging situations; contribute to building more meaningful relationships; & create space for a rich, meaningful and balanced life.
087 250 2389 x45 View 087 250 2389 x45
Photo of Holistic Life Counselling, General Counsellor in Newlands, Western Cape
Holistic Life Counselling
General Counsellor, ASCHP Wellness Counsellor
Newlands 7700
Have you lived life feeling like you were never really loved, like you were never truly connected? Do you find yourself in unhealthy/toxic relationships? Do you feel aligned with your inner truth or do you feel like you keep missing your chance to be who you were really meant to be? Have you experienced traumatic losses of the kinds society often doesn't acknowledge? Do you spend your time trying to make others happy and feel like you are always failing? Do you feel depressed, anxious and stressed a lot of the time? If the answer to any of these yes, I want to help. This was me for much of my life. At 33 I entered into therapy.
Have you lived life feeling like you were never really loved, like you were never truly connected? Do you find yourself in unhealthy/toxic relationships? Do you feel aligned with your inner truth or do you feel like you keep missing your chance to be who you were really meant to be? Have you experienced traumatic losses of the kinds society often doesn't acknowledge? Do you spend your time trying to make others happy and feel like you are always failing? Do you feel depressed, anxious and stressed a lot of the time? If the answer to any of these yes, I want to help. This was me for much of my life. At 33 I entered into therapy.
087 250 2477 x74 View 087 250 2477 x74
Photo of Johrine Cronjé, Registered Counsellor in Newlands, Western Cape
Johrine Cronjé
Registered Counsellor, MA, HPCSA - Counsellor
Verified
Newlands 7700  (Online Only)
I am a compassionate registered counselor, who understands that one of the most difficult and longest journeys in life, is from the head to the heart. In my practice, I work with individuals from all walks of life. I work with trauma, addiction in teenagers and adults, familiy restructuring and parenting, marrige and adjustment counselling, anger management ect. I have a person - centered approach and I am trained in Brainspotting (trauma reprocessing), solution focused, IMAGO couples counselling techniques, EQ development etc and ready to gently journey with you to wholeness and wholehearted living. Bon Voyage!
I am a compassionate registered counselor, who understands that one of the most difficult and longest journeys in life, is from the head to the heart. In my practice, I work with individuals from all walks of life. I work with trauma, addiction in teenagers and adults, familiy restructuring and parenting, marrige and adjustment counselling, anger management ect. I have a person - centered approach and I am trained in Brainspotting (trauma reprocessing), solution focused, IMAGO couples counselling techniques, EQ development etc and ready to gently journey with you to wholeness and wholehearted living. Bon Voyage!
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Photo of Emily Sheard in Newlands, Western Cape
Emily Sheard
Verified
Newlands 7700
If you are feeling unable to cope, or are struggling to break out of old habits or self-defeating patterns, you don't have to navigate the journey to well-being alone. Together, we can find and integrate the tools you need to reconnect with a valued life, and to build a healthier, more compassionate relationship with yourself. I am well equipped to help individuals with a variety of conditions including mood disorders, eating disorders, personality disorders, and the autism spectrum; however, you do not need a diagnosis to need support. We all get stuck in unhelpful ways of thinking and doing; it's part of being human.
If you are feeling unable to cope, or are struggling to break out of old habits or self-defeating patterns, you don't have to navigate the journey to well-being alone. Together, we can find and integrate the tools you need to reconnect with a valued life, and to build a healthier, more compassionate relationship with yourself. I am well equipped to help individuals with a variety of conditions including mood disorders, eating disorders, personality disorders, and the autism spectrum; however, you do not need a diagnosis to need support. We all get stuck in unhelpful ways of thinking and doing; it's part of being human.
087 250 2837 x96 View 087 250 2837 x96
Photo of Jean Alfeld, General Counsellor in Newlands, Western Cape
Jean Alfeld
General Counsellor, MA
Newlands 7700
Are you going through a life change or challenge? Are you feeling stuck? I have 30 years of experience as a counsellor & career coach, working with children, teens & adults - young and old. I've worked privately, in non-profit and education sectors, in SA & Switzerland. If you are struggling with a personal or professional issue, going through a crisis or a transition, or need to think through options & make decisions, then I would love to support you. I have a holisitic approach & am a practical, goal-oriented counsellor who can help you understand yourself, focus on your development & move forward with confidence and positivity.
Are you going through a life change or challenge? Are you feeling stuck? I have 30 years of experience as a counsellor & career coach, working with children, teens & adults - young and old. I've worked privately, in non-profit and education sectors, in SA & Switzerland. If you are struggling with a personal or professional issue, going through a crisis or a transition, or need to think through options & make decisions, then I would love to support you. I have a holisitic approach & am a practical, goal-oriented counsellor who can help you understand yourself, focus on your development & move forward with confidence and positivity.
087 250 2477 x28 View 087 250 2477 x28
Photo of Celeste Paterson, Psychologist in Newlands, Western Cape
Celeste Paterson
Psychologist, HPCSA - Ed. Psych.
Verified
Newlands 7700
I work with young adults and adolescents. Through therapy, I aim to instill within my client the confidence, self-awareness and skill sets needed to facilitate their inner healing, in a curious thinking way, in a safe and non-judgmental therapeutic space. I also encourage mindfulness and meditation. My area of expertise is treating anxiety, depression, relationship problems, low self-esteem, behavioural and emotional difficulties and young adult issues in general.
I work with young adults and adolescents. Through therapy, I aim to instill within my client the confidence, self-awareness and skill sets needed to facilitate their inner healing, in a curious thinking way, in a safe and non-judgmental therapeutic space. I also encourage mindfulness and meditation. My area of expertise is treating anxiety, depression, relationship problems, low self-esteem, behavioural and emotional difficulties and young adult issues in general.
087 250 2910 x69 View 087 250 2910 x69
Photo of Christiane Irene Viljoen, General Counsellor in Newlands, Western Cape
Christiane Irene Viljoen
General Counsellor
Verified
Newlands 7700
I aim to help you discover your true and highest potential in a safe; healthy and caring space. Along with the Arise team, we provide a safe space for individuals, couples, families and groups to receive the tools, education, and services needed in order to develop personal insight and resilience; to create a personal toolbox that you can carry with you for the rest of your life
I aim to help you discover your true and highest potential in a safe; healthy and caring space. Along with the Arise team, we provide a safe space for individuals, couples, families and groups to receive the tools, education, and services needed in order to develop personal insight and resilience; to create a personal toolbox that you can carry with you for the rest of your life
087 250 0902 x25 View 087 250 0902 x25
Photo of Tina Koyounoglou, Registered Counsellor in Newlands, Western Cape
Tina Koyounoglou
Registered Counsellor, BSocSci Hons, HPCSA - Counsellor
Verified
Newlands 7700
Everybody faces challenges at different stages of life. Some greater than others. I am always amazed at the strength of the human spirit and the will to survive. My aim is to help the client to focus on their strengths (rather than their weaknesses). Furthermore to capitalise on their strengths and to realise their full potential. In times of crisis people tend to forget that they have actually overcome so much in life already and given the support they need, they will be able continue to do so. My motto is: Never Give Up. Don’t underestimate yourself. There is always a Plan B!
Everybody faces challenges at different stages of life. Some greater than others. I am always amazed at the strength of the human spirit and the will to survive. My aim is to help the client to focus on their strengths (rather than their weaknesses). Furthermore to capitalise on their strengths and to realise their full potential. In times of crisis people tend to forget that they have actually overcome so much in life already and given the support they need, they will be able continue to do so. My motto is: Never Give Up. Don’t underestimate yourself. There is always a Plan B!
087 250 0162 x31 View 087 250 0162 x31
Photo of Karen Fleming, Psychologist in Newlands, Western Cape
Karen Fleming
Psychologist, MA, HPCSA - Clin. Psych.
Verified
Newlands 7700  (Online Only)
I work individually with adults who might be feeling overwhelmed or struggling to cope with difficulties that may be related to depression, anxiety, trauma and life changes. For the treatment of depression and anxiety disorders, I primarily make use of a skills based approach called Metacognitive Therapy (MCT). I am a certified EMDR practitioner, a helpful approach for the processing of trauma. I also draw from Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and psychodynamic approaches, depending on the specific needs of the client.
I work individually with adults who might be feeling overwhelmed or struggling to cope with difficulties that may be related to depression, anxiety, trauma and life changes. For the treatment of depression and anxiety disorders, I primarily make use of a skills based approach called Metacognitive Therapy (MCT). I am a certified EMDR practitioner, a helpful approach for the processing of trauma. I also draw from Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and psychodynamic approaches, depending on the specific needs of the client.
087 250 0442 x17 View 087 250 0442 x17
Photo of Bryony McCormick, Registered Counsellor in Newlands, Western Cape
Bryony McCormick
Registered Counsellor, BSocSci Hons
Verified
Newlands 7700
I'm Bryony and I'm a Registered Counsellor (RC). As an RC I am here to extend psychological services and make them accessible to you. I conduct psychological and preventative interventions that promote and enhance psychosocial well-being for individuals from age 13 upward and couples. I am passionate about working with adults on the pre and postnatal journey on an individual basis or as a couple.
I'm Bryony and I'm a Registered Counsellor (RC). As an RC I am here to extend psychological services and make them accessible to you. I conduct psychological and preventative interventions that promote and enhance psychosocial well-being for individuals from age 13 upward and couples. I am passionate about working with adults on the pre and postnatal journey on an individual basis or as a couple.
087 250 0719 x75 View 087 250 0719 x75

See more therapy options for Newlands

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Newlands

40+

Average cost per session

R700

Counsellors in Newlands who prioritize treating:

80% Anxiety
80% Self Esteem
78% Relationship Issues
73% Depression
73% Stress
73% Life Transitions
67% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

84% Discovery Health
79% Bonitas
68% Momentum

How Counsellors in Newlands see their clients

89% In Person and Online
11% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
20% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Newlands?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Psychologists listed in the directory are registered with the Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA). The majority of General Counsellors featured in the directory align themselves with reputable professional bodies, particularly the Association for Supportive Counsellors and Holistic Practitioners. All Registered Counsellors listed must be registered with the Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA). Social Workers listed in the directory must be registered with the South African Council for Social Service Professionals.

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for general counsellors in South Africa, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Psychologists, counsellors and social workers can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and supervised, practical experience that enable them to do so in South Africa.

Psychologists have five years training in psychology, have completed an internship over 12 months, and have completed the National Examination of the Professional Board for Psychology. They must be registered with Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA). Registered Counsellors must have at least four years of study at a university or college, such as the Bachelor of Psychology and have completed the National Examination of the Professional Board for Psychology. General counsellors, such as Supportive Counsellors, Holistic Counsellors, and Wellness Counsellors, registered with the ASCHP must possess at least an NQF Level 4 qualification. Social Workers must possess a Bachelor of Social Work and must have completed an approved internship in the social service sector.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in South Africa could be between R600 and R1,500. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are registered with the HPCSA and professional organisations such as PsySSA or the ASCHP are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client, or as required by law, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.