Therapists in KwaZulu-Natal

View cities and districts in KwaZulu-Natal
Photo of Philisiwe Portia Kubheka, Social Worker in KwaZulu-Natal
Philisiwe Portia Kubheka
Social Worker, BSocSci Hons, SACSSP
Verified Verified
My services cater for men, women, youth and children. With a focus to empower victims to regain their strength. People seeking to be healed from emotional wounds, feelings of helplessness, hopelessness and loneliness or battling low self-esteem. Everyone deserves to be respected, heard, empowered and restored to their true self.
My services cater for men, women, youth and children. With a focus to empower victims to regain their strength. People seeking to be healed from emotional wounds, feelings of helplessness, hopelessness and loneliness or battling low self-esteem. Everyone deserves to be respected, heard, empowered and restored to their true self.
087 250 0412 x79 View 087 250 0412 x79
Photo of Namsile Faith Zamangidi Mabaso, Social Worker in KwaZulu-Natal
Namsile Faith Zamangidi Mabaso
Social Worker, SACSSP
Verified Verified
Durban 4001
In my practice I use a person-centred approach, ensuring that I allow us to know each other and provide an environment that allows you to feel free to share, knowing that you are not judged and all conversations are treated with confidentiality. Through attentive listening, I aim to first establish where you are as a client. We would then look at what the presenting problem is and guide you through to acknowledge how you have contributed to the situation you are in. We look into what your expectations of the session are and work through a treatment plan to ensure your expectations can be met.
In my practice I use a person-centred approach, ensuring that I allow us to know each other and provide an environment that allows you to feel free to share, knowing that you are not judged and all conversations are treated with confidentiality. Through attentive listening, I aim to first establish where you are as a client. We would then look at what the presenting problem is and guide you through to acknowledge how you have contributed to the situation you are in. We look into what your expectations of the session are and work through a treatment plan to ensure your expectations can be met.
087 250 0062 x18 View 087 250 0062 x18
Photo of Thokozani Sithole, Psychologist in KwaZulu-Natal
Thokozani Sithole
Psychologist, MSocSci, HPCSA - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
Thokozani Sithole is a Counselling Psychologist registered with Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA) and the Board of Healthcare Funders (BHF). I hold a Masters degree in Counselling Psychology from the University of KwaZulu-Natal and a Postgraduate Diploma in HIV and AIDS Management from the Stellenbosch University. I am currently pursuing a Doctoral degree in Consulting Psychology from the University of South Africa. I started working as a Psychologist in the year 2014.
Thokozani Sithole is a Counselling Psychologist registered with Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA) and the Board of Healthcare Funders (BHF). I hold a Masters degree in Counselling Psychology from the University of KwaZulu-Natal and a Postgraduate Diploma in HIV and AIDS Management from the Stellenbosch University. I am currently pursuing a Doctoral degree in Consulting Psychology from the University of South Africa. I started working as a Psychologist in the year 2014.
087 250 0160 x17 View 087 250 0160 x17
Photo of Mariel Kabelo Mokoena, Psychologist in KwaZulu-Natal
Mariel Kabelo Mokoena
Psychologist, MA, HPCSA - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
I am a registered Clinical Psychologist with the Health Professions Council of South Africa as well as the Board of Healthcare Funders (BHF). I have graduated with a Masters degree in Clinical Psychology and completed my clinical training at Fort Napier Psychiatric Hospital. During my training, I gained experience in community work at the local clinics, Hospitals and other remote areas of KZN, as well as providing workshops for corporate institutions. I completed my community service at Mahatma Ghandi Memorial Hospital which also included a rotation to the Phoenix Assessment and Therapy Centre as well as some local hospices.
I am a registered Clinical Psychologist with the Health Professions Council of South Africa as well as the Board of Healthcare Funders (BHF). I have graduated with a Masters degree in Clinical Psychology and completed my clinical training at Fort Napier Psychiatric Hospital. During my training, I gained experience in community work at the local clinics, Hospitals and other remote areas of KZN, as well as providing workshops for corporate institutions. I completed my community service at Mahatma Ghandi Memorial Hospital which also included a rotation to the Phoenix Assessment and Therapy Centre as well as some local hospices.
087 250 2477 x93 View 087 250 2477 x93
Photo of PeopleSmart Consulting, Psychologist in KwaZulu-Natal
PeopleSmart Consulting
Psychologist, MSocSci, HPCSA - Ind. Psych.
Verified Verified
Berea 4001
You know how leaders often share that managing people and teams is the difficult part of their job? Leadership, development, assessments, culture, wellness, safety, transformation, strategy and behaviour change. We help leaders and organisations navigate this with a clear plan and with ease so they can experience the power of people. Our award-winning interventions especially in the Safety Leadership, Wellness and Women in Mining space have positively impacted individuals, teams and organisations in SA and across the globe!
You know how leaders often share that managing people and teams is the difficult part of their job? Leadership, development, assessments, culture, wellness, safety, transformation, strategy and behaviour change. We help leaders and organisations navigate this with a clear plan and with ease so they can experience the power of people. Our award-winning interventions especially in the Safety Leadership, Wellness and Women in Mining space have positively impacted individuals, teams and organisations in SA and across the globe!
087 250 3069 x92 View 087 250 3069 x92
Photo of Nqobile Nontobeko Maphumulo, Psychologist in KwaZulu-Natal
Nqobile Nontobeko Maphumulo
Psychologist, MSocSci, HPCSA - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
I believe in the importance of creating a better world where mental health is prioritised and appreciated. Restoring humanity and helping people reach their full potential is my passion. I accomplish this by empowering individuals to reach their desired state of well-being by carrying them through the process. I incorporate holistic healing psychotherapeutic practices to assist people in achieving their mental health goals.
I believe in the importance of creating a better world where mental health is prioritised and appreciated. Restoring humanity and helping people reach their full potential is my passion. I accomplish this by empowering individuals to reach their desired state of well-being by carrying them through the process. I incorporate holistic healing psychotherapeutic practices to assist people in achieving their mental health goals.
087 250 0902 x19 View 087 250 0902 x19
Photo of Dr. Dirk Kotze, Psychologist in KwaZulu-Natal
Dr. Dirk Kotze
Psychologist, MA, HPCSA - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Howick 3290
A client once asked me: “Don’t you get tired of listening to people’s problems for so many years?” I intuitively responded”: “How can I get tired of listening to their solutions?” I have for most of my life been training and supervising counsellors at two different universities. At the same time always running a private practice part time to ensure I learn from my clients: How they tell their problem saturated stories; and then how we together discover the alternative stories from which they then build their solutions and a preferred life story.
A client once asked me: “Don’t you get tired of listening to people’s problems for so many years?” I intuitively responded”: “How can I get tired of listening to their solutions?” I have for most of my life been training and supervising counsellors at two different universities. At the same time always running a private practice part time to ensure I learn from my clients: How they tell their problem saturated stories; and then how we together discover the alternative stories from which they then build their solutions and a preferred life story.
087 250 2293 x93 View 087 250 2293 x93
Photo of Delene Strydom, General Counsellor in KwaZulu-Natal
Delene Strydom
General Counsellor, BSocSci Hons, ASCHP Specialist Wellness Counsellor
Verified Verified
Ballito 4399
If you're feeling overwhelmed by circumstances, experiencing anxiety, depression, or a sense of being lost or misunderstood, or struggling with cognitive strain, bullying, or relationship issues, it may be helpful to reframe your perspective, establish new goals, and cultivate greater self-awareness and consciousness. Recognising the impact of past trauma on your present reality is crucial, as is embracing the potential for joy and fulfillment. Additionally, addressing any struggles with addiction can empower you to regain control of your life. I'm here to support you through these challenges and help you navigate towards healing
If you're feeling overwhelmed by circumstances, experiencing anxiety, depression, or a sense of being lost or misunderstood, or struggling with cognitive strain, bullying, or relationship issues, it may be helpful to reframe your perspective, establish new goals, and cultivate greater self-awareness and consciousness. Recognising the impact of past trauma on your present reality is crucial, as is embracing the potential for joy and fulfillment. Additionally, addressing any struggles with addiction can empower you to regain control of your life. I'm here to support you through these challenges and help you navigate towards healing
087 250 0914 x25 View 087 250 0914 x25
Khanyisisa Professional and Wellness Consultancy
Psychologist, MSocSci, HPCSA - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Durban 4001
At Khanyisisa PWC we are open minded and like to view our clients from a holistic perspective - understanding that emotional and psychological problems are not as a result of personal weakness but rather a result of a combination of biological, psychological, social and spiritual factors which if left unattended they lead to mental health problems. As Psychologists we are experienced in treating a range of mood, behavioral and personality disorders both for children and adults. A psychological evaluation and clinical assessment may be helpful in identifying the presenting problem and developing a tailored solution for your needs!
At Khanyisisa PWC we are open minded and like to view our clients from a holistic perspective - understanding that emotional and psychological problems are not as a result of personal weakness but rather a result of a combination of biological, psychological, social and spiritual factors which if left unattended they lead to mental health problems. As Psychologists we are experienced in treating a range of mood, behavioral and personality disorders both for children and adults. A psychological evaluation and clinical assessment may be helpful in identifying the presenting problem and developing a tailored solution for your needs!
087 250 0902 x75 View 087 250 0902 x75
Photo of Fathima Khatib, Psychologist in KwaZulu-Natal
Fathima Khatib
Psychologist, MPsych, HPCSA - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Berea 4083
Im a Clinical Psychologist trained both in the UK and South Africa and deal with a variety of mental health issues (ncluding depression, anxiety, bipolar mood disorder, grief,couples therapy, and so on). My multifaceted training allows an edge to the psychotherapeutic field and generally helps in the overall healing process.I am trained in different therapeutic approaches including brain-working recursive therapy, gottman couples therapy, dialectical beahviour therapy, etc. The non-judgemental, empathetic therapeutic space allows for change, growth, improvement in the self and healing.
Im a Clinical Psychologist trained both in the UK and South Africa and deal with a variety of mental health issues (ncluding depression, anxiety, bipolar mood disorder, grief,couples therapy, and so on). My multifaceted training allows an edge to the psychotherapeutic field and generally helps in the overall healing process.I am trained in different therapeutic approaches including brain-working recursive therapy, gottman couples therapy, dialectical beahviour therapy, etc. The non-judgemental, empathetic therapeutic space allows for change, growth, improvement in the self and healing.
087 250 0442 x58 View 087 250 0442 x58
Photo of Lisa Nicholas, Psychologist in KwaZulu-Natal
Lisa Nicholas
Psychologist, MSocSci, HPCSA - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Waitlist for new clients
Hi I'm Lisa. I know it can be hard to get the momentum to make that first call or send that first email out, especially if you are feeling unmotivated, depressed, anxious, unfulfilled or unchallenged in life. You don't need to feel this way any longer. Investing in yourself and your relationships are always wise investments. I offer face-to-face, online and walk-and-talk therapy. LGBTQ+ allied.
Hi I'm Lisa. I know it can be hard to get the momentum to make that first call or send that first email out, especially if you are feeling unmotivated, depressed, anxious, unfulfilled or unchallenged in life. You don't need to feel this way any longer. Investing in yourself and your relationships are always wise investments. I offer face-to-face, online and walk-and-talk therapy. LGBTQ+ allied.
087 250 2837 x26 View 087 250 2837 x26
Photo of Venece Maduray, Social Worker in KwaZulu-Natal
Venece Maduray
Social Worker, BSocSci Hons
Verified Verified
Berea 4001
Through therapy there is always a way to address the Issues you face and to learn coping skills to help you now and well into the future.
Through therapy there is always a way to address the Issues you face and to learn coping skills to help you now and well into the future.
087 250 2910 x48 View 087 250 2910 x48
Photo of Vireshnie Pillay, Psychologist in KwaZulu-Natal
Vireshnie Pillay
Psychologist, MA, HPCSA - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
The approach mainly used is a Psychodynamic approach, which can be described as linking current life difficulties to relevant early childhood experiences, which may be affecting one’s life at a later stage. It is important to note that each individual may suit a different intervention and this can be determined by their unique circumstances, environments as well as their needs and process.
The approach mainly used is a Psychodynamic approach, which can be described as linking current life difficulties to relevant early childhood experiences, which may be affecting one’s life at a later stage. It is important to note that each individual may suit a different intervention and this can be determined by their unique circumstances, environments as well as their needs and process.
087 250 0902 x45 View 087 250 0902 x45
Photo of Philisiwe Sheron Hadebe, Social Worker in KwaZulu-Natal
Philisiwe Sheron Hadebe
Social Worker, SACSSP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Durban 4001
I am a social worker working with all people with social illness irrespective of their age, gender, race and ethnicity. I specialize in grief counseling, Para-suicide, Marital counseling both pre & post, Substance &drug dependency, Mental illnesses, Teenage pragnancy. I also do Individuals, groups n community
I am a social worker working with all people with social illness irrespective of their age, gender, race and ethnicity. I specialize in grief counseling, Para-suicide, Marital counseling both pre & post, Substance &drug dependency, Mental illnesses, Teenage pragnancy. I also do Individuals, groups n community
087 250 2219 x54 View 087 250 2219 x54
Photo of Monique Hill Online Drama Therapist in KwaZulu-Natal
Monique Hill Online Drama Therapist
MA
Verified Verified
Pietermaritzburg 3201  (Online Only)
Life can throw curveballs in our path from time to time, and these transitional periods can cause stress, anxiety, depression, and isolate us from our friends and families. Going through significant events such as exams, starting at university, thinking about getting married, getting divorced, changing jobs, or even moving house or country can bring up all sorts of emotions and struggles. At the end of the day, we all want to be able to navigate all of life's challenges with the least stress possible, feeling grounded and supported and ready to face the day.
Life can throw curveballs in our path from time to time, and these transitional periods can cause stress, anxiety, depression, and isolate us from our friends and families. Going through significant events such as exams, starting at university, thinking about getting married, getting divorced, changing jobs, or even moving house or country can bring up all sorts of emotions and struggles. At the end of the day, we all want to be able to navigate all of life's challenges with the least stress possible, feeling grounded and supported and ready to face the day.
087 250 2042 x98 View 087 250 2042 x98
Photo of Hlakaniphile Nokwazi Msane, Psychologist in KwaZulu-Natal
Hlakaniphile Nokwazi Msane
Psychologist, HPCSA - Ed. Psych.
Verified Verified
Pietermaritzburg 3201  (Online Only)
I am a licensed Educational Psychologist in private practice, registered with HPCSA. I am an BPsych and MEd Psych graduate from University of Zululand. My areas of expertise include psychological assessment and psychotherapy, counseling and career guidance, research, mentoring and coaching, learner support and development, teacher development and training. I am open to offer psychological services to children and adolescents including learners, youth, adults, and parents and families. Should you or your child experience any learning, behavioural, and emotional difficulties, I am the therapist to consult for support!
I am a licensed Educational Psychologist in private practice, registered with HPCSA. I am an BPsych and MEd Psych graduate from University of Zululand. My areas of expertise include psychological assessment and psychotherapy, counseling and career guidance, research, mentoring and coaching, learner support and development, teacher development and training. I am open to offer psychological services to children and adolescents including learners, youth, adults, and parents and families. Should you or your child experience any learning, behavioural, and emotional difficulties, I am the therapist to consult for support!
087 250 0536 x54 View 087 250 0536 x54
Photo of Dr. Portia Monnapula-Mazabane, Psychologist in KwaZulu-Natal
Dr. Portia Monnapula-Mazabane
Psychologist, PhD, HPCSA - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
She is a qualified Clinical Psychologist based at Umhlanga in private practice. She offers psychotherapy focusing on emotional, cognitive, and behavioural components to assist individuals in coping with daily challenges and difficulties. Her expertise includes working with relationship conflicts, anxiety, mood disorders such as depression, bipolar, adjustment disorders, postnatal depression, family-related challenges, grief, acute post-traumatic stress, workplace-related stress, and conflict management. She holds a PhD in Psychology, where she passionately researched the stigma surrounding mental health.
She is a qualified Clinical Psychologist based at Umhlanga in private practice. She offers psychotherapy focusing on emotional, cognitive, and behavioural components to assist individuals in coping with daily challenges and difficulties. Her expertise includes working with relationship conflicts, anxiety, mood disorders such as depression, bipolar, adjustment disorders, postnatal depression, family-related challenges, grief, acute post-traumatic stress, workplace-related stress, and conflict management. She holds a PhD in Psychology, where she passionately researched the stigma surrounding mental health.
031 562 1570 View 031 562 1570
Photo of Gina Sim Clinical Psychologist, Psychologist in KwaZulu-Natal
Gina Sim Clinical Psychologist
Psychologist, MA, HPCSA - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
My name is Gina, I offer a warm and open environment in which I treat moderate to severe psychological issues. This includes anxiety, depression, grief, behavioural problems and suicidal thoughts. Mental healthcare issues manifest in various ways, they can prohibit one from functioning effectively at home / work or in a personal relationships. My approach is to build at trusting relationship in order to explore the source of your difficulties. Taking the step to seek therapy is daunting, it is due to this that i adopt a gentle and nurturing approach to ensure you are at ease.
My name is Gina, I offer a warm and open environment in which I treat moderate to severe psychological issues. This includes anxiety, depression, grief, behavioural problems and suicidal thoughts. Mental healthcare issues manifest in various ways, they can prohibit one from functioning effectively at home / work or in a personal relationships. My approach is to build at trusting relationship in order to explore the source of your difficulties. Taking the step to seek therapy is daunting, it is due to this that i adopt a gentle and nurturing approach to ensure you are at ease.
087 250 2837 x46 View 087 250 2837 x46
Photo of ZZ Kunene Clinical Psychologist INC, Psychologist in KwaZulu-Natal
ZZ Kunene Clinical Psychologist INC
Psychologist, MA, HPCSA - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Welcome to ZZ Kunene-Clinical Psychologist, your trusted partner in mental health and well-being. Established in November 2021, our practice is located in the heart of Mtubatuba, providing accessible and compassionate care to our community. As the sole service provider, I, ZZ Kunene, am dedicated to offering a comprehensive range of psychological services tailored to meet your unique needs. Holding a license as a Clinical Psychologist, I am proudly registered with both the Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA) and the Board of Healthcare Funders (BHF), ensuring the highest standards of professionalism.
Welcome to ZZ Kunene-Clinical Psychologist, your trusted partner in mental health and well-being. Established in November 2021, our practice is located in the heart of Mtubatuba, providing accessible and compassionate care to our community. As the sole service provider, I, ZZ Kunene, am dedicated to offering a comprehensive range of psychological services tailored to meet your unique needs. Holding a license as a Clinical Psychologist, I am proudly registered with both the Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA) and the Board of Healthcare Funders (BHF), ensuring the highest standards of professionalism.
087 250 2219 x18 View 087 250 2219 x18
Photo of Marc David Greener, Psychologist in KwaZulu-Natal
Marc David Greener
Psychologist, MSocSci, HPCSA - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
As a psychologist, my therapeutic approach focuses on tailoring the experience to each client. I'm dedicated to incorporating contemporary holistic therapies into my practice, recognizing the intricate interplay of mind, body, and spirit in the healing process. In my work, I prioritize empathy and collaboration, creating a space for clients to explore their concerns within a framework that aligns with their distinct needs and values. By merging evidence-based practices with cutting-edge holistic approaches, I aim to facilitate a comprehensive and personalized healing process for individuals, fostering lasting positive change.
As a psychologist, my therapeutic approach focuses on tailoring the experience to each client. I'm dedicated to incorporating contemporary holistic therapies into my practice, recognizing the intricate interplay of mind, body, and spirit in the healing process. In my work, I prioritize empathy and collaboration, creating a space for clients to explore their concerns within a framework that aligns with their distinct needs and values. By merging evidence-based practices with cutting-edge holistic approaches, I aim to facilitate a comprehensive and personalized healing process for individuals, fostering lasting positive change.
087 250 2389 x17 View 087 250 2389 x17

See more therapy options for KwaZulu-Natal

How does your Counsellor compare?

Average cost per session

R700

Counsellors in KwaZulu-Natal who prioritize treating:

64% Anxiety
63% Relationship Issues
63% Stress
62% Self Esteem
58% Coping Skills
57% Depression
57% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

91% Discovery Health
90% Bonitas
86% GEMS

How Counsellors in KwaZulu-Natal see their clients

88% In Person and Online
12% Online Only

Gender breakdown

83% Female
17% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in KwaZulu-Natal?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Psychologists listed in the directory are registered with the Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA). The majority of General Counsellors featured in the directory align themselves with reputable professional bodies, particularly the Association for Supportive Counsellors and Holistic Practitioners. All Registered Counsellors listed must be registered with the Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA). Social Workers listed in the directory must be registered with the South African Council for Social Service Professionals.

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for general counsellors in South Africa, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Psychologists, counsellors and social workers can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and supervised, practical experience that enable them to do so in South Africa.

Psychologists have five years training in psychology, have completed an internship over 12 months, and have completed the National Examination of the Professional Board for Psychology. They must be registered with Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA). Registered Counsellors must have at least four years of study at a university or college, such as the Bachelor of Psychology and have completed the National Examination of the Professional Board for Psychology. General counsellors, such as Supportive Counsellors, Holistic Counsellors, and Wellness Counsellors, registered with the ASCHP must possess at least an NQF Level 4 qualification. Social Workers must possess a Bachelor of Social Work and must have completed an approved internship in the social service sector.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in South Africa could be between R600 and R1,500. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are registered with the HPCSA and professional organisations such as PsySSA or the ASCHP are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client, or as required by law, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.