Therapists in Mill Park

Photo of Georgia Rose Flax, Registered Counsellor in Mill Park, Eastern Cape
Georgia Rose Flax
Registered Counsellor, HPCSA - Counsellor
Verified
Mill Park 6001  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Registered Counsellors are there to help you deal with personal issues before they get out of hand. We aspire to prevent mental disorders from developing rather than treating them once they have developed. We don’t work with people who have a clinical diagnosis, but we are able to refer you to the right type of psychological practitioner who can. I can help you work on areas such as Grief and Bereavement, Self-Esteem and Body Image Issues, Acute Depression & Anxiety, Overcoming Trauma, General Coping and Adjustment Challenges, Behaviour Management (children), and COVID-19 Related Stress
Registered Counsellors are there to help you deal with personal issues before they get out of hand. We aspire to prevent mental disorders from developing rather than treating them once they have developed. We don’t work with people who have a clinical diagnosis, but we are able to refer you to the right type of psychological practitioner who can. I can help you work on areas such as Grief and Bereavement, Self-Esteem and Body Image Issues, Acute Depression & Anxiety, Overcoming Trauma, General Coping and Adjustment Challenges, Behaviour Management (children), and COVID-19 Related Stress
087 250 0049 x71 View 087 250 0049 x71

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Barry De Klerk, Registered Counsellor in Mill Park, Eastern Cape
Barry De Klerk
Registered Counsellor, HPCSA - Counsellor
Verified
Humewood 6013  (Online Only)
This is my calling, to serve others! There is nothing I love more than to work with someone towards hope and a new beginning. I am a creative, flexible and passionate practitioner. Don't hesitate to contact me and let's put the puzzle back together one piece at a time.
This is my calling, to serve others! There is nothing I love more than to work with someone towards hope and a new beginning. I am a creative, flexible and passionate practitioner. Don't hesitate to contact me and let's put the puzzle back together one piece at a time.
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Photo of Nicole Marchenko Psychometric Assessment , Psychometrist in Mill Park, Eastern Cape
Nicole Marchenko Psychometric Assessment
Psychometrist
Verified
Port Elizabeth 6001
Nicole Marchenko Psychometric Assessment specializes in Scholastic Screening, Special School Placement, ADHD Screening, Cognitive Ability, School Readiness, Behaviour, Concessions, IQ, Career Guidance and Memory Assessments.
Nicole Marchenko Psychometric Assessment specializes in Scholastic Screening, Special School Placement, ADHD Screening, Cognitive Ability, School Readiness, Behaviour, Concessions, IQ, Career Guidance and Memory Assessments.
082 710 4244 View 082 710 4244
Photo of Dr. Angelique McConney, Psychologist in Mill Park, Eastern Cape
Dr. Angelique McConney
Psychologist, PhD, HPCSA - Clin. Psych.
Verified
Humewood 6001
Life can be tough. We live in a world with so much pressure on everyone, young and old. There is so much pressure and expectations to be and behave in a certain way, with little room to check in with ourselves. Amid all of this we are sometimes confronted with challenges that disrupts us in ways that we cannot cope by ourselves, and we need some support. As a therapist, it is important for me to create a space where each individual feels comfortable and safe enough to authentically share their experiences and challenges without fear of judgment, irrespective of their beliefs, backgrounds or the social systems they are part of.
Life can be tough. We live in a world with so much pressure on everyone, young and old. There is so much pressure and expectations to be and behave in a certain way, with little room to check in with ourselves. Amid all of this we are sometimes confronted with challenges that disrupts us in ways that we cannot cope by ourselves, and we need some support. As a therapist, it is important for me to create a space where each individual feels comfortable and safe enough to authentically share their experiences and challenges without fear of judgment, irrespective of their beliefs, backgrounds or the social systems they are part of.
087 250 2148 x73 View 087 250 2148 x73
Photo of Motshabi Catherine Mokolobate, Psychologist in Mill Park, Eastern Cape
Motshabi Catherine Mokolobate
Psychologist, MPsych, HPCSA - Clin. Psych.
Verified
Port Elizabeth 6001  (Online Only)
I believe that mental health is an integral part of our well-being which is underpinned by an appreciation of the intricate interplay between the mind, environment, and physiology. Life challenges should not steal your joy but rather be an opportunity for personal growth. I believe that attitude is key therefore changing your perspective about life is a big step towards healing and living a better quality of life. Just like physical health mental health is something to be celebrated and worth investing in. -Carpe Diem-
I believe that mental health is an integral part of our well-being which is underpinned by an appreciation of the intricate interplay between the mind, environment, and physiology. Life challenges should not steal your joy but rather be an opportunity for personal growth. I believe that attitude is key therefore changing your perspective about life is a big step towards healing and living a better quality of life. Just like physical health mental health is something to be celebrated and worth investing in. -Carpe Diem-
087 250 0782 x22 View 087 250 0782 x22
Photo of Nosipho Londiwe Ndlovu, Psychologist in Mill Park, Eastern Cape
Nosipho Londiwe Ndlovu
Psychologist, MA, HPCSA - Couns. Psych.
Verified
Newton Park 6055
Not accepting new clients
I am passionate about helping people thrive in their own unique way. I strongly believe that no matter what life throws at you, your strengths and resources will not only help you get back up, but will help you live a fulfilling life. I have worked primarily with adults who experience anxiety, depression, relationship and family issues, bereavement, and trauma. I use Person-centered therapy as my foundation, CBT, Narrative therapy and Solution-Focused therapy techniques
I am passionate about helping people thrive in their own unique way. I strongly believe that no matter what life throws at you, your strengths and resources will not only help you get back up, but will help you live a fulfilling life. I have worked primarily with adults who experience anxiety, depression, relationship and family issues, bereavement, and trauma. I use Person-centered therapy as my foundation, CBT, Narrative therapy and Solution-Focused therapy techniques
087 250 0902 x54 View 087 250 0902 x54
Photo of Madeleine Swart, General Counsellor in Mill Park, Eastern Cape
Madeleine Swart
General Counsellor, BSocSci Hons, ASCHP Specialist Wellness Counsellor
Verified
Summerstrand 6001
I am a General & Pastoral counselor. I have specialized training in Trauma Counseling and Trauma Debriefings, Domestic Violence Advocacy & Sexual Assault Counseling. I also received specialized training in Relationship Counseling (ie. marriage counseling, betrayal trauma, infidelity), Pregnancy-Related Counseling (ie. post-partum, infertility, miscarriage, abortion), and Counseling for First-Responders that involves managing job-related stressors with general life. As a registered Emergency Services Chaplain, I frequently assist members of SAPS, the Metro, Traffic Officers, Paramedics, Firefighters, etc. and their families.
I am a General & Pastoral counselor. I have specialized training in Trauma Counseling and Trauma Debriefings, Domestic Violence Advocacy & Sexual Assault Counseling. I also received specialized training in Relationship Counseling (ie. marriage counseling, betrayal trauma, infidelity), Pregnancy-Related Counseling (ie. post-partum, infertility, miscarriage, abortion), and Counseling for First-Responders that involves managing job-related stressors with general life. As a registered Emergency Services Chaplain, I frequently assist members of SAPS, the Metro, Traffic Officers, Paramedics, Firefighters, etc. and their families.
087 250 0412 x45 View 087 250 0412 x45
Photo of Kim Castle, Psychologist in Mill Park, Eastern Cape
Kim Castle
Psychologist, MPsych, HPCSA - Clin. Psych.
Verified
Newton Park 6045  (Online Only)
I specialize in the treatment of all intrapsychic and interpersonal issues that a person may be experiencing - such as anxiety, depression, mood disorders, anger issues, issues related to self-esteem, work difficulties, bereavement and relationship issues etc
I specialize in the treatment of all intrapsychic and interpersonal issues that a person may be experiencing - such as anxiety, depression, mood disorders, anger issues, issues related to self-esteem, work difficulties, bereavement and relationship issues etc
087 250 0442 x20 View 087 250 0442 x20
Photo of Zakkiya Suleman, Registered Counsellor in Mill Park, Eastern Cape
Zakkiya Suleman
Registered Counsellor, HPCSA - Counsellor
Verified
1 Endorsed
Port Elizabeth 6001
I am a Registered Counsellor currently based in Durban. I offer counselling, play therapy, group therapy, career and scholastic assessments and children’s workshops. The psychological intervention I offer is short term, supportive counselling and coping skills training. I work collaboratively with my clients to facilitate growth during life transitions and I cater the treatment I offer according to my clients' individual needs. I aim to offer a warm therapeutic environment in which clients can gain a deep insight into their lives and overcome distress.
I am a Registered Counsellor currently based in Durban. I offer counselling, play therapy, group therapy, career and scholastic assessments and children’s workshops. The psychological intervention I offer is short term, supportive counselling and coping skills training. I work collaboratively with my clients to facilitate growth during life transitions and I cater the treatment I offer according to my clients' individual needs. I aim to offer a warm therapeutic environment in which clients can gain a deep insight into their lives and overcome distress.
087 250 0592 x86 View 087 250 0592 x86
Photo of Kau Social Work and Life Coaching Services, Social Worker in Mill Park, Eastern Cape
Kau Social Work and Life Coaching Services
Social Worker, SACSSP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Korsten 6020
As a Social Worker and a Life coach, I support clients by providing them with tools to take action. I used evidence-based techniques to help my clients identify and address their needs, and develop strategies for coping with and overcoming these challenges. I work with individuals, couples, and families to address a variety of issues, including anxiety, depression, trauma, and relationship difficulties. I have a strong interest in unlocking people' potential to maximize their well-bein. I have a huge belief that all of us have the potential to be magnificent, we just need nourishment and light to move forward.
As a Social Worker and a Life coach, I support clients by providing them with tools to take action. I used evidence-based techniques to help my clients identify and address their needs, and develop strategies for coping with and overcoming these challenges. I work with individuals, couples, and families to address a variety of issues, including anxiety, depression, trauma, and relationship difficulties. I have a strong interest in unlocking people' potential to maximize their well-bein. I have a huge belief that all of us have the potential to be magnificent, we just need nourishment and light to move forward.
087 250 2148 x43 View 087 250 2148 x43
Photo of Luke Morgan Bands, Psychologist in Mill Park, Eastern Cape
Luke Morgan Bands
Psychologist, MA, HPCSA - Couns. Psych.
Verified
Port Elizabeth 6001
I believe that each person is an incredibly unique and complex being. I do my utmost to fully understand who you are. Whether you have a specific goal for therapy, or whether you are sitting with a vague sense that something in your life is just not right, I want to help you understand it. I believe that people's experiences of relationships play a role in how they view themselves and others. I therefore prioritize creating a safe space to explore your concerns.
I believe that each person is an incredibly unique and complex being. I do my utmost to fully understand who you are. Whether you have a specific goal for therapy, or whether you are sitting with a vague sense that something in your life is just not right, I want to help you understand it. I believe that people's experiences of relationships play a role in how they view themselves and others. I therefore prioritize creating a safe space to explore your concerns.
087 250 0536 x12 View 087 250 0536 x12
Photo of Lize Olivier, Psychologist in Mill Park, Eastern Cape
Lize Olivier
Psychologist, MPsych, HPCSA - Ed. Psych.
Verified
Walmer 6070
I am passionate about working with children, teenagers and young adults. I provide you and your child with more insight as well as tools and skills to thrive. I can assist with Psychological assessments and Therapy for children of all ages, teens and young adults. Working closely with parents guiding and empowering them to help their children to function optimally is my privilege. I work holistically and also empower teachers to support your child. I am fully bilingual in English and Afrikaans.
I am passionate about working with children, teenagers and young adults. I provide you and your child with more insight as well as tools and skills to thrive. I can assist with Psychological assessments and Therapy for children of all ages, teens and young adults. Working closely with parents guiding and empowering them to help their children to function optimally is my privilege. I work holistically and also empower teachers to support your child. I am fully bilingual in English and Afrikaans.
087 250 0782 x41 View 087 250 0782 x41
Photo of Dale Contell, General Counsellor in Mill Park, Eastern Cape
Dale Contell
General Counsellor, ASCHP Specialist Wellness Counsellor
Verified
1 Endorsed
Port Elizabeth 6001  (Online Only)
I work with clients who believe the mind, body and soul are not disconnected, to achieve wellness. Wellness is a holistic approach to counselling and healthcare that is globally very popular, there 6 dimensions of wellness namely, emotional, occupational, physical, social, intellectual, and spiritual. Addressing all six dimensions of wellness in our lives builds a holistic sense of wellness and fulfilment. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines wellness as "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity."
I work with clients who believe the mind, body and soul are not disconnected, to achieve wellness. Wellness is a holistic approach to counselling and healthcare that is globally very popular, there 6 dimensions of wellness namely, emotional, occupational, physical, social, intellectual, and spiritual. Addressing all six dimensions of wellness in our lives builds a holistic sense of wellness and fulfilment. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines wellness as "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity."
087 250 2293 x66 View 087 250 2293 x66
Photo of Wayne Kelsall Hadley, General Counsellor in Mill Park, Eastern Cape
Wayne Kelsall Hadley
General Counsellor
Verified
Port Elizabeth 6001
Hi thank you for your interest in my profile, I would really like to help you get into recovery and can assure you I will make this journey as pleasant as it is rewarding. I have first hand experience and knowledge of addiction and it’s crippling effects, not only on you but on your loved ones and friends. Let’s break free from its grip and make the one thing you wish for a reality. Sobriety, and the ability to drop the monkey and finally LIVE, make memories and enjoy the beauty that life has to offer. It appears an impossible task now, however that’s the disease talking, don’t listen to it. Join me and we WILL break free.
Hi thank you for your interest in my profile, I would really like to help you get into recovery and can assure you I will make this journey as pleasant as it is rewarding. I have first hand experience and knowledge of addiction and it’s crippling effects, not only on you but on your loved ones and friends. Let’s break free from its grip and make the one thing you wish for a reality. Sobriety, and the ability to drop the monkey and finally LIVE, make memories and enjoy the beauty that life has to offer. It appears an impossible task now, however that’s the disease talking, don’t listen to it. Join me and we WILL break free.
087 250 0719 x57 View 087 250 0719 x57
Photo of Mimi Jordan Counselling, Registered Counsellor in Mill Park, Eastern Cape
Mimi Jordan Counselling
Registered Counsellor, HPCSA - Counsellor
Verified
Port Elizabeth 6001
Mimi completed a four-year degree in psychology and 9 month internship counselling at Headway (An association for Traumatic Brain Injury); Witkoppen Health and Welfare Clinic and volunteered on The Phelophepha Train of Hope, under the supervision of psychologists. These experiences opened Mimi up to extensively appreciate the extreme diversity and need to offer polarised and inclusive counselling services to the dynamic cultures and context of South Africa. Mimi is highly trained in psychology to provide an array of psychological & mental health services. She’s adopted the Person-Centered and Solution-Focused Approach.
Mimi completed a four-year degree in psychology and 9 month internship counselling at Headway (An association for Traumatic Brain Injury); Witkoppen Health and Welfare Clinic and volunteered on The Phelophepha Train of Hope, under the supervision of psychologists. These experiences opened Mimi up to extensively appreciate the extreme diversity and need to offer polarised and inclusive counselling services to the dynamic cultures and context of South Africa. Mimi is highly trained in psychology to provide an array of psychological & mental health services. She’s adopted the Person-Centered and Solution-Focused Approach.
087 250 2464 x43 View 087 250 2464 x43
Photo of Robyne Povey, Registered Counsellor in Mill Park, Eastern Cape
Robyne Povey
Registered Counsellor
Verified
Port Elizabeth 6001
I assist clients with a variety of issues they may face in their lives. These issues can range from adjustment issues, behavioral issues, divorce, interpersonal issues, anger management, grief and stress, to name a few. I take a holistic approach to each clients issues and help them in setting up a treatment plan, which aims to teach each client the necessary coping skills, information and emotional knowledge to navigate these issues.
I assist clients with a variety of issues they may face in their lives. These issues can range from adjustment issues, behavioral issues, divorce, interpersonal issues, anger management, grief and stress, to name a few. I take a holistic approach to each clients issues and help them in setting up a treatment plan, which aims to teach each client the necessary coping skills, information and emotional knowledge to navigate these issues.
087 250 2477 x44 View 087 250 2477 x44
Photo of Richard James Barker, General Counsellor in Mill Park, Eastern Cape
Richard James Barker
General Counsellor, BSocSci Hons
1 Endorsed
Port Elizabeth 6001
Not accepting new clients
I offer counselling and therapeutic life coaching. Clients will come to me with a range of problems and often feel confused. In our work we will clarify the problem and see what is most challenging for you at the present time. We will discover where this confusion arises in the body and mind and be able to see what started it. Perhaps this has been triggered in the past: by an environment, people, a person, upbringing etc. The work we do is non-judgemental and my purpose is to help you find your way out of the confusion and suffering, so you can find success, purpose and meaning in your life. I will be with you all the way
I offer counselling and therapeutic life coaching. Clients will come to me with a range of problems and often feel confused. In our work we will clarify the problem and see what is most challenging for you at the present time. We will discover where this confusion arises in the body and mind and be able to see what started it. Perhaps this has been triggered in the past: by an environment, people, a person, upbringing etc. The work we do is non-judgemental and my purpose is to help you find your way out of the confusion and suffering, so you can find success, purpose and meaning in your life. I will be with you all the way
087 250 0442 x45 View 087 250 0442 x45
Photo of Sanda Maps Consulting (Pty) Ltd, Social Worker in Mill Park, Eastern Cape
Sanda Maps Consulting (Pty) Ltd
Social Worker
Verified
Gqebera 6024
I am a social worker in private practice based in Gqeberha, my areas of expertise are bereavement, behavioral problems and emotional disturbance. I offer counselling and coaching services to adults and teenagers; I am very zealous about working with teenagers and journeying with them as they work on adjusting their behavioral challenges.
I am a social worker in private practice based in Gqeberha, my areas of expertise are bereavement, behavioral problems and emotional disturbance. I offer counselling and coaching services to adults and teenagers; I am very zealous about working with teenagers and journeying with them as they work on adjusting their behavioral challenges.
087 250 2219 x84 View 087 250 2219 x84
Photo of Leonie M Dippenaar, General Counsellor in Mill Park, Eastern Cape
Leonie M Dippenaar
General Counsellor
Port Elizabeth 6001  (Online Only)
Leonie is a Transformative Mindset Coach/counselor. Are you tired of being stuck in survival mode? Grief, sadness, Loss over what if? Guilt and shame holding you bondage? Do you question life, wanting to give up? Is living a lie draining your life force? With Abandonment issues, comes Fear, Anxiety, and Trauma. Not feeling heard! Old coping habits of self-destructive Addictions blocking your life and repeatedly setting yourself up for failure! Excuses Be- gone, shift your mind. Let Leonie help you Reset that feeling of loss and hopelessness. Learn to Take back self-control, bring in balance and find your Joy through acceptance.
Leonie is a Transformative Mindset Coach/counselor. Are you tired of being stuck in survival mode? Grief, sadness, Loss over what if? Guilt and shame holding you bondage? Do you question life, wanting to give up? Is living a lie draining your life force? With Abandonment issues, comes Fear, Anxiety, and Trauma. Not feeling heard! Old coping habits of self-destructive Addictions blocking your life and repeatedly setting yourself up for failure! Excuses Be- gone, shift your mind. Let Leonie help you Reset that feeling of loss and hopelessness. Learn to Take back self-control, bring in balance and find your Joy through acceptance.
087 250 0049 x24 View 087 250 0049 x24
Photo of Zintle Yokwe, Psychologist in Mill Park, Eastern Cape
Zintle Yokwe
Psychologist, MA, HPCSA - Couns. Psych.
Verified
Sidwell 6001
I am passionate about mental health and through therapy I seek to positively transform lives and ensure holistic growth for individuals. The approach that I often use is informed by the client’s presentation and needs. Seeking psychological assistance is a brave step that shows strength rather than weakness. People continuously strive to better themselves and I am happy to provide a safe space that allows them to do that.
I am passionate about mental health and through therapy I seek to positively transform lives and ensure holistic growth for individuals. The approach that I often use is informed by the client’s presentation and needs. Seeking psychological assistance is a brave step that shows strength rather than weakness. People continuously strive to better themselves and I am happy to provide a safe space that allows them to do that.
087 250 2837 x21 View 087 250 2837 x21

Nearby Searches for Mill Park

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Mill Park

< 10

Counsellors in Mill Park who prioritize treating:

Average years in practice

4 Years

Gender breakdown

100% Female

How Counsellors in Mill Park see their clients

100% Online Only

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Mill Park?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Psychologists listed in the directory are registered with the Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA). The majority of General Counsellors featured in the directory align themselves with reputable professional bodies, particularly the Association for Supportive Counsellors and Holistic Practitioners. All Registered Counsellors listed must be registered with the Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA). Social Workers listed in the directory must be registered with the South African Council for Social Service Professionals.

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for general counsellors in South Africa, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Psychologists, counsellors and social workers can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and supervised, practical experience that enable them to do so in South Africa.

Psychologists have five years training in psychology, have completed an internship over 12 months, and have completed the National Examination of the Professional Board for Psychology. They must be registered with Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA). Registered Counsellors must have at least four years of study at a university or college, such as the Bachelor of Psychology and have completed the National Examination of the Professional Board for Psychology. General counsellors, such as Supportive Counsellors, Holistic Counsellors, and Wellness Counsellors, registered with the ASCHP must possess at least an NQF Level 4 qualification. Social Workers must possess a Bachelor of Social Work and must have completed an approved internship in the social service sector.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in South Africa could be between R600 and R1,500. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are registered with the HPCSA and professional organisations such as PsySSA or the ASCHP are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client, or as required by law, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.