Therapists in Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI

Photo of Sara Goetz - Integrative Wellness And Nutrition Certified Therapist, Marriage & Family Therapist in Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI
Sara Goetz - Integrative Wellness And Nutrition Certified Therapist
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI 53211
Over the past 12 years, I have worked with individuals, families, and couples in a variety of capacities; at a hospital, clinic, community behavioral health organization, and within school settings. I went to graduate school to specifically study how each aspect of our system plays a part in our overall mental and physical health. I’m also certified in Integrative Wellness and Nutrition for Mental Health as well as Addiction Counseling. Feeling better requires changes within your entire system. One’s system might include family, friends, work, exercise, nutrition, school, social activities, alone time, running errands, chores, etc.
Over the past 12 years, I have worked with individuals, families, and couples in a variety of capacities; at a hospital, clinic, community behavioral health organization, and within school settings. I went to graduate school to specifically study how each aspect of our system plays a part in our overall mental and physical health. I’m also certified in Integrative Wellness and Nutrition for Mental Health as well as Addiction Counseling. Feeling better requires changes within your entire system. One’s system might include family, friends, work, exercise, nutrition, school, social activities, alone time, running errands, chores, etc.
(262) 492-1090 View (262) 492-1090
Photo of Madisen Stoler, Licensed Professional Counselor in Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI
Madisen Stoler
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI 53211
As a clinician, I am committed to helping people process the many pieces of themselves. Therapy is a place to grow and heal, which can feel painful, magical, and everything in between. I will be there with you through all parts of the change process, offering warmth, teamwork, and invitations to practice new ways of being. Our work together may include shedding unhelpful patterns, building a life of meaning and purpose, and practicing better ways of regulating emotions, making decisions, and communicating. My own commitment to continual growth as a person and practitioner allows me to better show up as your collaborator.
As a clinician, I am committed to helping people process the many pieces of themselves. Therapy is a place to grow and heal, which can feel painful, magical, and everything in between. I will be there with you through all parts of the change process, offering warmth, teamwork, and invitations to practice new ways of being. Our work together may include shedding unhelpful patterns, building a life of meaning and purpose, and practicing better ways of regulating emotions, making decisions, and communicating. My own commitment to continual growth as a person and practitioner allows me to better show up as your collaborator.
(414) 626-2723 View (414) 626-2723
Photo of Dhanya Nair, Marriage & Family Therapist in Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI
Dhanya Nair
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI 53202  (Online Only)
I work primarily with couples and individuals experiencing relationship distress, mood disturbances and adjustment problems. Some of the outcomes that my clients typically seek are improved means of managing conflict, increase in positive emotional experiences , and ways to interact and relate more meaningfully. I focus on helping my clients gain deeper insights, identify and utilize their strengths and acknowledge and understand their emotional experiences.
I work primarily with couples and individuals experiencing relationship distress, mood disturbances and adjustment problems. Some of the outcomes that my clients typically seek are improved means of managing conflict, increase in positive emotional experiences , and ways to interact and relate more meaningfully. I focus on helping my clients gain deeper insights, identify and utilize their strengths and acknowledge and understand their emotional experiences.
(414) 877-6926 View (414) 877-6926
Photo of Kennedy Ochs, Pre-Licensed Professional in Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI
Kennedy Ochs
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS, LPC-IT, NCC
Verified Verified
Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI 53211
I believe that through the therapeutic relationship and building on the strengths you already possess; healthy and positive change can take place. My clients often come to therapy seeking a safe environment to reflect, learn about themselves, and discover new ways to think and feel. You deserve to have someone who can hold space and be a compassionate ally in this process. I strive to offer unconditional support and empathy to give you the space to explore and grow. I want to support you in making choices that align with your values and bring you closer to the life you envision for yourself.
I believe that through the therapeutic relationship and building on the strengths you already possess; healthy and positive change can take place. My clients often come to therapy seeking a safe environment to reflect, learn about themselves, and discover new ways to think and feel. You deserve to have someone who can hold space and be a compassionate ally in this process. I strive to offer unconditional support and empathy to give you the space to explore and grow. I want to support you in making choices that align with your values and bring you closer to the life you envision for yourself.
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Photo of Dawn Mayer, Counselor in Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI
Dawn Mayer
Counselor, MA, LPC-IT, NCC
Verified Verified
Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI 53211
My approach to therapy is strengths-based and solution-focused using a variety of treatment modalities such as cognitive-behavioral interventions, mindfulness, and person-centered therapy. I believe that every person has value and strengths and that through the right support and trust, individuals can create change in their lives and reach their highest potential. I am passionate about providing a healing space for those that want to welcome their complete and authentic selves.
My approach to therapy is strengths-based and solution-focused using a variety of treatment modalities such as cognitive-behavioral interventions, mindfulness, and person-centered therapy. I believe that every person has value and strengths and that through the right support and trust, individuals can create change in their lives and reach their highest potential. I am passionate about providing a healing space for those that want to welcome their complete and authentic selves.
(414) 404-5718 View (414) 404-5718
Photo of Cherie A Katt, Mental Health Counselor License in Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI
Cherie A Katt
Mental Health Counselor License, LMHC
Verified Verified
Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI 53211  (Online Only)
Therapy is a place for you to name areas of pain, a place to feel without judgment, and a place to reclaim what is yours. Shame is the source of so much of this pain and judgment, convincing you that you are broken. Shame is often so intertwined with sexuality because of the societal silence around the topic. Perhaps sex is painful, perhaps you are more aware of others desires than your own, perhaps you feel empty from running on fumes and enjoyment is the last thing on your mind. Whatever the reason, engaging your sexual health can help overall wellness, and ultimately be the way back into relationship with yourself!
Therapy is a place for you to name areas of pain, a place to feel without judgment, and a place to reclaim what is yours. Shame is the source of so much of this pain and judgment, convincing you that you are broken. Shame is often so intertwined with sexuality because of the societal silence around the topic. Perhaps sex is painful, perhaps you are more aware of others desires than your own, perhaps you feel empty from running on fumes and enjoyment is the last thing on your mind. Whatever the reason, engaging your sexual health can help overall wellness, and ultimately be the way back into relationship with yourself!
(414) 441-5247 View (414) 441-5247
Photo of Regina Penn, owner of Penn Psychotherapy, Pre-Licensed Professional in Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI
Regina Penn, owner of Penn Psychotherapy
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS, LPC-IT, SAC-IT
Verified Verified
Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI 53211
Greetings! I specialize in getting you to specialize in you! I work from a client-oriented perspective. I can easily adapt and help you to work on everything from developing a safety plan to creating a self-love/self-care plan to developing healthy coping mechanisms to career counseling. I am here to help:)
Greetings! I specialize in getting you to specialize in you! I work from a client-oriented perspective. I can easily adapt and help you to work on everything from developing a safety plan to creating a self-love/self-care plan to developing healthy coping mechanisms to career counseling. I am here to help:)
(414) 667-7575 View (414) 667-7575
Photo of Jade M Mueller, Psychologist in Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI
Jade M Mueller
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI 53211  (Online Only)
Hello, I'm Jade Mueller PhD and I'm honored to share my experiences with people who've been helped by the practice of psychology. They may have a feeling of loss, guilt, despair, anger or fear. They may be in the midst of a crisis of trauma, family disruption, chronic illness, aging or abuse. Together we look at all of it with 'kind eyes' and without judging. Often we can identify patterns, beliefs and experiences to heal or release that have led to setbacks in the past. They want support in developing or recovering their joy, confidence, self-worth and personal strengths. Clients can evolve toward their own vision of wholeness.
Hello, I'm Jade Mueller PhD and I'm honored to share my experiences with people who've been helped by the practice of psychology. They may have a feeling of loss, guilt, despair, anger or fear. They may be in the midst of a crisis of trauma, family disruption, chronic illness, aging or abuse. Together we look at all of it with 'kind eyes' and without judging. Often we can identify patterns, beliefs and experiences to heal or release that have led to setbacks in the past. They want support in developing or recovering their joy, confidence, self-worth and personal strengths. Clients can evolve toward their own vision of wholeness.
(414) 404-8084 x217 View (414) 404-8084 x217
Photo of Lighthouse Clinic in Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI
Lighthouse Clinic
Verified Verified
Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI 53211
Overwhelmed during a challenging time? We at the Lighthouse Clinic, realize that even the strongest of us can be under an extra burden of anxiety and fear. Uncertainty and apprehension can take over. Talking to a therapist about your concerns can lessen the feelings of distress at this time of high-anxiety. Our new Child Psychiatrist, Child Therapists and Adult Therapists also has immediate openings for medication management. Please contact us for an appointment.
Overwhelmed during a challenging time? We at the Lighthouse Clinic, realize that even the strongest of us can be under an extra burden of anxiety and fear. Uncertainty and apprehension can take over. Talking to a therapist about your concerns can lessen the feelings of distress at this time of high-anxiety. Our new Child Psychiatrist, Child Therapists and Adult Therapists also has immediate openings for medication management. Please contact us for an appointment.
(414) 420-9086 View (414) 420-9086
Photo of Michael D Bates, Psychologist in Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI
Michael D Bates
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI 53211  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I specialize in the treatment of depression and anxiety, including general anxiety, social anxiety, career- and performance-related anxiety, and phobias. My practice also includes marriage and parenting counseling. Using well-known and evidence-based strategies, we focus on basic and uncomplicated aspects of how we think, feel, and act to understand and change our patterns leading to clarity and control in one's life, in our families, and relationships. If you are ready to restore self-confidence, motivation, and resilience, or build these qualities for the first time, I am privileged to provide a skilled hand to help you get there.
I specialize in the treatment of depression and anxiety, including general anxiety, social anxiety, career- and performance-related anxiety, and phobias. My practice also includes marriage and parenting counseling. Using well-known and evidence-based strategies, we focus on basic and uncomplicated aspects of how we think, feel, and act to understand and change our patterns leading to clarity and control in one's life, in our families, and relationships. If you are ready to restore self-confidence, motivation, and resilience, or build these qualities for the first time, I am privileged to provide a skilled hand to help you get there.
(414) 964-9200 View (414) 964-9200
Photo of Michael Casali, PhD, LLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI
Michael Casali, PhD, LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LCSW, LPC
Verified Verified
Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI 53211
My clients are children, adolescents, adults, couples and families facing a range of life challenges including, depression, anxiety, loneliness, identity, relationship issues, and life meaning. I tend to work best with individuals who are curious about themselves and motivated to understand how their choices are impacting their lives.
My clients are children, adolescents, adults, couples and families facing a range of life challenges including, depression, anxiety, loneliness, identity, relationship issues, and life meaning. I tend to work best with individuals who are curious about themselves and motivated to understand how their choices are impacting their lives.
(414) 964-4388 View (414) 964-4388
Photo of Joe Greco, Counselor in Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI
Joe Greco
Counselor, MA, LPC, CSAC
Verified Verified
Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI 53211
I am a master's trained psychotherapist who believes in the power and importance of interpersonal relationships and the empowerment of the self. I bring a challenging, yet empathic, supportive, engaging and safe approach to psychotherapy. If you are seeking to alleviate emotional distress, make behavior changes or seeking greater self understanding/exploration, feel free to contact me. I realize that engaging in psychotherapy often requires a significant commitment of your time and resources. Due to this, I have office hours that can accomodate most scheduling needs. I also accept private insurance and self payment agreements can also be arranged.
I am a master's trained psychotherapist who believes in the power and importance of interpersonal relationships and the empowerment of the self. I bring a challenging, yet empathic, supportive, engaging and safe approach to psychotherapy. If you are seeking to alleviate emotional distress, make behavior changes or seeking greater self understanding/exploration, feel free to contact me. I realize that engaging in psychotherapy often requires a significant commitment of your time and resources. Due to this, I have office hours that can accomodate most scheduling needs. I also accept private insurance and self payment agreements can also be arranged.
(414) 973-8666 View (414) 973-8666

Online Therapists

Photo of Pa Chee Lee, Pre-Licensed Professional in Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI
Pa Chee Lee
Pre-Licensed Professional, APSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Milwaukee, WI 53202
Life can be intimidating especially in an ever changing world of technology, opinions, and expectations. Instead bearing the stress by yourself, I can assist you. I will utilize my skills to genuinely listen and empathize while creating a safe environment from a non judgement viewpoint to reach your individual goals. I will work with you on understanding your strengths and social systems to holistically assist with balancing life stressors. This will empower you to make your voice be heard as a step towards your personal development.
Life can be intimidating especially in an ever changing world of technology, opinions, and expectations. Instead bearing the stress by yourself, I can assist you. I will utilize my skills to genuinely listen and empathize while creating a safe environment from a non judgement viewpoint to reach your individual goals. I will work with you on understanding your strengths and social systems to holistically assist with balancing life stressors. This will empower you to make your voice be heard as a step towards your personal development.
(414) 246-8834 View (414) 246-8834
Photo of Donald L Schade, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI
Donald L Schade
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Milwaukee, WI 53201  (Online Only)
Donnie utilizes a solution-focused and client-centered approach that supports clients in setting and reaching personalized, obtainable goals that improve their overall wellbeing. He also draws on evidence-based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) to teach clients coping skills and help them develop a better understanding of the connections between their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. With almost ten years of clinical experience, Donnie has abundant experience integrating these therapy modalities in a manner best suited to meet the needs of each client.
Donnie utilizes a solution-focused and client-centered approach that supports clients in setting and reaching personalized, obtainable goals that improve their overall wellbeing. He also draws on evidence-based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) to teach clients coping skills and help them develop a better understanding of the connections between their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. With almost ten years of clinical experience, Donnie has abundant experience integrating these therapy modalities in a manner best suited to meet the needs of each client.
(608) 200-5208 View (608) 200-5208
Photo of Karen Baker, Licensed Professional Counselor in Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI
Karen Baker
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
Milwaukee, WI 53222
The process of therapy requires the unmasking of socially condoned violence done to individuals. In therapy, the uncovering process requires digging through layers of neglect and indifference, contempt and ridicule, shame and humiliation, criticism and guilt, exploitation and manipulation. Almost without exception, each breakthrough involves breakage and releases costly feelings of outrage, hatred, and pain. The reparative process calls for understanding, acceptance, and support, along with a ritualistic observance of the symbolic meanings of the events which come to light.
The process of therapy requires the unmasking of socially condoned violence done to individuals. In therapy, the uncovering process requires digging through layers of neglect and indifference, contempt and ridicule, shame and humiliation, criticism and guilt, exploitation and manipulation. Almost without exception, each breakthrough involves breakage and releases costly feelings of outrage, hatred, and pain. The reparative process calls for understanding, acceptance, and support, along with a ritualistic observance of the symbolic meanings of the events which come to light.
(414) 509-0477 View (414) 509-0477
Photo of Michele M Mastalarz, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI
Michele M Mastalarz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Milwaukee, WI 53202
My professional goal is to provide a compassionate and supportive therapy environment for persons with mental health and behavioral challenges. My hope is to provide a safe, secure and comfortable space during your time of healing and exploration.
My professional goal is to provide a compassionate and supportive therapy environment for persons with mental health and behavioral challenges. My hope is to provide a safe, secure and comfortable space during your time of healing and exploration.
(262) 584-4977 View (262) 584-4977
Photo of Daniel Dashner, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI
Daniel Dashner
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Milwaukee, WI 53215
My name is Dan Dashner. I am dually licensed in the treatment of mental health and substance use disorders. As a therapist, I prefer to look beyond labels and identify and resolve root causes for emotional pain and suffering. Clients I work with are typically individuals, couples, and families who are experiencing some form of emotional discomfort, or emotional pain. Sometimes this is stress brought on by recent changes to work, family, or significant relationships. Other times the focus of therapy is with clients who've made repeated but unsuccessful attempts at resolving a persistent condition.
My name is Dan Dashner. I am dually licensed in the treatment of mental health and substance use disorders. As a therapist, I prefer to look beyond labels and identify and resolve root causes for emotional pain and suffering. Clients I work with are typically individuals, couples, and families who are experiencing some form of emotional discomfort, or emotional pain. Sometimes this is stress brought on by recent changes to work, family, or significant relationships. Other times the focus of therapy is with clients who've made repeated but unsuccessful attempts at resolving a persistent condition.
(414) 348-5792 View (414) 348-5792
Photo of Jennifer Brau, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI
Jennifer Brau
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, SAC
Verified Verified
Milwaukee, WI 53202  (Online Only)
I am 12 years into my journey as a therapist and continue to feel honored every time someone invites me to walk with them on their path. Every person seeks out therapy for a different reason and I look forward to each opportunity to listen, to learn, and to grow together. Change is possible, it starts with turning one small "stone".
I am 12 years into my journey as a therapist and continue to feel honored every time someone invites me to walk with them on their path. Every person seeks out therapy for a different reason and I look forward to each opportunity to listen, to learn, and to grow together. Change is possible, it starts with turning one small "stone".
(262) 587-6572 View (262) 587-6572
Photo of Christina Lynn Williams Counseling, Licensed Professional Counselor in Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI
Christina Lynn Williams Counseling
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS
Verified Verified
Milwaukee, WI 53216  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor with experience in evidence-based therapies Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Cognitive Processing Therapy, and providing trauma-informed care to individuals, couples, and families. I work collaboratively with clients to achieve therapeutic goals and increasing client satisfaction through effective communication and engagement.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor with experience in evidence-based therapies Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Cognitive Processing Therapy, and providing trauma-informed care to individuals, couples, and families. I work collaboratively with clients to achieve therapeutic goals and increasing client satisfaction through effective communication and engagement.
(414) 928-2299 View (414) 928-2299
Photo of Steven Petrie, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI
Steven Petrie
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Milwaukee, WI 53207
Steven has more than thirty-five years of clinical experience treating children, adolescents, families and adults with a specialization in children, adolescents and families. Areas of expertise include attention deficit disorder, depression, grief, anxiety, and school-related problems. He enjoys working with families and believes that parents need to be an integral part of the treatment process. Mr. Petrie works collaboratively with his patients to develop treatment goals that capitalize on their strengths and to develop solutions for the problems they bring to therapy.
Steven has more than thirty-five years of clinical experience treating children, adolescents, families and adults with a specialization in children, adolescents and families. Areas of expertise include attention deficit disorder, depression, grief, anxiety, and school-related problems. He enjoys working with families and believes that parents need to be an integral part of the treatment process. Mr. Petrie works collaboratively with his patients to develop treatment goals that capitalize on their strengths and to develop solutions for the problems they bring to therapy.
(414) 348-4651 View (414) 348-4651

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI

10+

Average cost per session

$160

Therapists in Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI who prioritize treating:

100% Depression
100% Anxiety
92% Self Esteem
75% Relationship Issues
75% Coping Skills
75% Stress
67% Grief

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

91% Aetna
91% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
55% BlueCross and BlueShield

How Therapists in Murray Hill, Milwaukee, WI see their clients

67% In Person and Online
33% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
20% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Murray Hill, Milwaukee?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.