Therapists in Bellingham, WA

View neighborhoods in Bellingham
Photo of Kendra Pasma, Marriage & Family Therapist in Bellingham, WA
Kendra Pasma
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bellingham, WA 98225
Not accepting new clients
NOTE: I am unable to accept new clients at this time. My goal as a therapist is to empower clients to overcome the challenges they face so they can thrive with their whole being. I am honored to accompany clients on their journey of growth. With an intersectional, anti-oppression lens, I work hard to support people in finding and living as their authentic selves in what is often a hostile cultural environment. My approach is warm, affirming, and relational.
NOTE: I am unable to accept new clients at this time. My goal as a therapist is to empower clients to overcome the challenges they face so they can thrive with their whole being. I am honored to accompany clients on their journey of growth. With an intersectional, anti-oppression lens, I work hard to support people in finding and living as their authentic selves in what is often a hostile cultural environment. My approach is warm, affirming, and relational.
(360) 209-7045 View (360) 209-7045
Photo of Virginia A Diaz, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Bellingham, WA
Virginia A Diaz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Bellingham, WA 98225  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
When you invest time in yourself amazing insights and change can occur. Sometimes all it takes is sitting down with an objective person to share what you've been going through. The best part of my job is getting to be that person for my clients! I work with women with a range of challenges from depression and anxiety to substance use issues, self esteem/body image challenges, pre/postpartum challenges, and grief/loss.
When you invest time in yourself amazing insights and change can occur. Sometimes all it takes is sitting down with an objective person to share what you've been going through. The best part of my job is getting to be that person for my clients! I work with women with a range of challenges from depression and anxiety to substance use issues, self esteem/body image challenges, pre/postpartum challenges, and grief/loss.
(206) 823-2275 View (206) 823-2275
Photo of Kendra Buerger, Mental Health Counselor in Bellingham, WA
Kendra Buerger
Mental Health Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified Verified
Bellingham, WA 98226  (Online Only)
I believe you have the strength, wisdom, and capability to heal innately within you and that you deserve to live a life of intention and joy. I hold a safe space of acceptance, compassion, and connection for you to process, heal, and transform. In our work together I recognize you as the expert on your life. I will be a guide and will highlight patterns, provide tools, and offer perspective while empowering you to develop trust and confidence in yourself. I take an integrative, intuitive, whole-person approach to therapy. We will explore how the past influences the present, and work to release limiting beliefs and stories.
I believe you have the strength, wisdom, and capability to heal innately within you and that you deserve to live a life of intention and joy. I hold a safe space of acceptance, compassion, and connection for you to process, heal, and transform. In our work together I recognize you as the expert on your life. I will be a guide and will highlight patterns, provide tools, and offer perspective while empowering you to develop trust and confidence in yourself. I take an integrative, intuitive, whole-person approach to therapy. We will explore how the past influences the present, and work to release limiting beliefs and stories.
(360) 685-1054 View (360) 685-1054
Photo of Ryan David Kocourek, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Bellingham, WA
Ryan David Kocourek
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Bellingham, WA 98229
At times we all find ourselves in periods of growth that can be challenging and confusing. Growth and change can be difficult but if troubling obstacles are removed, one can move towards a healthier, creative, vibrant life with a new sense of meaning and purpose. I tend to look at symptoms individuals are struggling with as guides showing the changes one needs to make in order to develop into their authentic, creative self. The work I do with client’s is often symbolic and includes dream work, creative expression, deep conversation, lessons from nature, and a deep relational connection that can foster authentic experience.
At times we all find ourselves in periods of growth that can be challenging and confusing. Growth and change can be difficult but if troubling obstacles are removed, one can move towards a healthier, creative, vibrant life with a new sense of meaning and purpose. I tend to look at symptoms individuals are struggling with as guides showing the changes one needs to make in order to develop into their authentic, creative self. The work I do with client’s is often symbolic and includes dream work, creative expression, deep conversation, lessons from nature, and a deep relational connection that can foster authentic experience.
(360) 594-5702 View (360) 594-5702
Photo of Jeff Roskelley, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Bellingham, WA
Jeff Roskelley
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Bellingham, WA 98225  (Online Only)
Thoughts, feelings and behaviors, which we often aren't even aware of, can keep us cycling in painful patterns of suffering, and may deepen those patterns over time. Through exploring our experience in a safe and compassionate space, we have the opportunity to see more clearly the patterns that aren't supporting our wellness or allowing us to live in line with what's truly valuable to us, and learn tools that move us toward a more fulfilling existence, regardless of how difficult our life circumstances may feel to us.
Thoughts, feelings and behaviors, which we often aren't even aware of, can keep us cycling in painful patterns of suffering, and may deepen those patterns over time. Through exploring our experience in a safe and compassionate space, we have the opportunity to see more clearly the patterns that aren't supporting our wellness or allowing us to live in line with what's truly valuable to us, and learn tools that move us toward a more fulfilling existence, regardless of how difficult our life circumstances may feel to us.
(360) 526-8467 View (360) 526-8467
Photo of Tara Rose, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Bellingham, WA
Tara Rose
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Bellingham, WA 98225  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Welcome. I am currently accepting new clients residing in Washington and Oregon via telehealth. My desire for you is to be more connected to yourself and others in a way that feels meaningful. I believe in the innate wisdom we all hold within our hearts as the guiding force that can lead us to a place of deep healing. This wisdom has often been clouded by experiences we have had growing up, systemic oppression, and wounds in relationships. I am here with you in your exploration and am committed to providing a safe place to land to explore the darkest and brightest corners of ourselves.
Welcome. I am currently accepting new clients residing in Washington and Oregon via telehealth. My desire for you is to be more connected to yourself and others in a way that feels meaningful. I believe in the innate wisdom we all hold within our hearts as the guiding force that can lead us to a place of deep healing. This wisdom has often been clouded by experiences we have had growing up, systemic oppression, and wounds in relationships. I am here with you in your exploration and am committed to providing a safe place to land to explore the darkest and brightest corners of ourselves.
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Photo of Jonathan Barry, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Bellingham, WA
Jonathan Barry
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Bellingham, WA 98225
Throughout the 18 years I have been a therapist, I continually grow in my love for this work. I am in awe of the profound healing nature that each of us carry. My hope is that our work together supports you in remembering your wholeness. Whether it’s couples counseling or individual therapy you are looking for, my hope is to create an inclusive, safe, and supportive environment to promote your personal goals and healing.
Throughout the 18 years I have been a therapist, I continually grow in my love for this work. I am in awe of the profound healing nature that each of us carry. My hope is that our work together supports you in remembering your wholeness. Whether it’s couples counseling or individual therapy you are looking for, my hope is to create an inclusive, safe, and supportive environment to promote your personal goals and healing.
(360) 800-2256 View (360) 800-2256
Photo of Christy Boex, Counselor in Bellingham, WA
Christy Boex
Counselor, MS, LMHC
Verified Verified
Bellingham, WA 98225
Our practice has expanded and we have openings! Navigating the emotional and psychological landscape of pregnancy and postpartum is not meant to be done in isolation. I specialize in supporting birthing folks through the transition of pregnancy and postpartum, as well as the journey into parenthood. Additionally, I work with those motivated to explore identity (within and outside of pregnancy and parenthood) and assist clients in building clarity in this potent area of their lives. Along with therapy services I also provide clinical supervision to therapists working towards full licensure.
Our practice has expanded and we have openings! Navigating the emotional and psychological landscape of pregnancy and postpartum is not meant to be done in isolation. I specialize in supporting birthing folks through the transition of pregnancy and postpartum, as well as the journey into parenthood. Additionally, I work with those motivated to explore identity (within and outside of pregnancy and parenthood) and assist clients in building clarity in this potent area of their lives. Along with therapy services I also provide clinical supervision to therapists working towards full licensure.
(360) 961-8928 View (360) 961-8928
Photo of Aj Vlossak, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Bellingham, WA
Aj Vlossak
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LISCWA
Verified Verified
Bellingham, WA 98225
Something's wrong. Let's figure out what and why. If you've been in and out of therapy for a long time and struggled to find a fit or feel like real change was happening, you're in my wheelhouse. If you're neurodivergent, neurospicy, got the AuDHD two-for-one special, or are just really, really traumatized (or all of the above!), you're part of the group I work with best.
Something's wrong. Let's figure out what and why. If you've been in and out of therapy for a long time and struggled to find a fit or feel like real change was happening, you're in my wheelhouse. If you're neurodivergent, neurospicy, got the AuDHD two-for-one special, or are just really, really traumatized (or all of the above!), you're part of the group I work with best.
(360) 492-4820 View (360) 492-4820
Photo of Shayna Adelstein, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Bellingham, WA
Shayna Adelstein
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LSWAIC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bellingham, WA 98225
Life's heaviness may weigh you down and stop you from doing the things you want to do or being the person you know you are. That heaviness does not need to be carried alone. My approach is warm, flexible, welcoming and fluid. I value having an authentic working relationship with individuals by practicing respect, empathy, honesty, and consistently working to create a safe and comfortable environment.
Life's heaviness may weigh you down and stop you from doing the things you want to do or being the person you know you are. That heaviness does not need to be carried alone. My approach is warm, flexible, welcoming and fluid. I value having an authentic working relationship with individuals by practicing respect, empathy, honesty, and consistently working to create a safe and comfortable environment.
(360) 587-2054 View (360) 587-2054
Photo of TreeSong Counseling and Consulting, Counselor in Bellingham, WA
TreeSong Counseling and Consulting
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Bellingham, WA 98225
Have you experienced a loss that is impacting your quality of life? My focus is to support individuals who are experiencing chronic grief, trauma, depression, anxiety, identity confusion, or developmental adjustments as a result of traumatic events, environmental changes or life transitions. As you engage in a therapeutic trusting relationship, your core strengths, values, insights and resilence will emerge to gain balance. Humans are in a continual process of transformation. When developmental process is interrupted by an event, loss or stuck in the social structures we live in, an opportunity for new growth becomes possible.
Have you experienced a loss that is impacting your quality of life? My focus is to support individuals who are experiencing chronic grief, trauma, depression, anxiety, identity confusion, or developmental adjustments as a result of traumatic events, environmental changes or life transitions. As you engage in a therapeutic trusting relationship, your core strengths, values, insights and resilence will emerge to gain balance. Humans are in a continual process of transformation. When developmental process is interrupted by an event, loss or stuck in the social structures we live in, an opportunity for new growth becomes possible.
(360) 523-7065 View (360) 523-7065
Photo of Jamie Fredeen, Marriage & Family Therapist in Bellingham, WA
Jamie Fredeen
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, MHP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Bellingham, WA 98226  (Online Only)
You may notice that past experiences are holding you back. You are looking for support in building self-worth. Often experiences of grief, depression, trauma or anxiety can keep us stuck. You want to explore and strengthen your voice and self-awareness. You are looking for lasting changes and want more than talk therapy. I offer compassionate support and believe you do not need to do this alone. I respect the courage and strength it takes to be vulnerable. My first goal is to understand your goals and then learn about your identities and experiences. I am passionate about people defining their own path and recovery.
You may notice that past experiences are holding you back. You are looking for support in building self-worth. Often experiences of grief, depression, trauma or anxiety can keep us stuck. You want to explore and strengthen your voice and self-awareness. You are looking for lasting changes and want more than talk therapy. I offer compassionate support and believe you do not need to do this alone. I respect the courage and strength it takes to be vulnerable. My first goal is to understand your goals and then learn about your identities and experiences. I am passionate about people defining their own path and recovery.
(206) 558-9135 View (206) 558-9135
Photo of Jaime Moore, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Bellingham, WA
Jaime Moore
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, LMFTA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bellingham, WA 98225
Waitlist for new clients
Are you sad or anxious? Maybe you are hard on yourself and want to stop, but can't. Maybe something difficult happened to you, or world events have disrupted your ability to function. You're not alone, and you're welcome here. I am an Internal Family Systems (IFS)-informed psychodynamic therapist. That means that I am guided by the therapeutic relationship itself, and I trust that there is an innate healing force within each of us that emerges naturally as each part of us is fully heard and understood.
Are you sad or anxious? Maybe you are hard on yourself and want to stop, but can't. Maybe something difficult happened to you, or world events have disrupted your ability to function. You're not alone, and you're welcome here. I am an Internal Family Systems (IFS)-informed psychodynamic therapist. That means that I am guided by the therapeutic relationship itself, and I trust that there is an innate healing force within each of us that emerges naturally as each part of us is fully heard and understood.
(360) 837-5908 View (360) 837-5908
Photo of T Christopher Portman, Psychologist in Bellingham, WA
T Christopher Portman
Psychologist, PhD, SAP
Verified Verified
Bellingham, WA 98225
I work with each client to find and apply the most effective strategies for liberation from anxiety, depression, relationship problems, and/or addictions. 35 years experience working in and directing treatment programs and in private practice. Author: The New Template for Recovery. Visit chrisportmanphd.com
I work with each client to find and apply the most effective strategies for liberation from anxiety, depression, relationship problems, and/or addictions. 35 years experience working in and directing treatment programs and in private practice. Author: The New Template for Recovery. Visit chrisportmanphd.com
(360) 523-7222 View (360) 523-7222
Photo of Lin Wilder Counseling, Counselor in Bellingham, WA
Lin Wilder Counseling
Counselor, MA, LMHC, LPC
Verified Verified
Bellingham, WA 98226
Do you find yourself caught in the same repeated patterns ? Does depression, anxiety or past trauma limit your life? Are you in a relationship that feels stuck or lonely? Do you struggle with critical self-talk? And the most important question is - do you want to overcome these barriers and build the rich, full and meaningful life you want? I can provide a safe, supportive space, as well as helping you learn effective tools and skills, that will help you make the changes and improvements you seek in your life. You will find me easy to talk to, warm, honest, direct, and participatory with a tendency towards healthy humor.
Do you find yourself caught in the same repeated patterns ? Does depression, anxiety or past trauma limit your life? Are you in a relationship that feels stuck or lonely? Do you struggle with critical self-talk? And the most important question is - do you want to overcome these barriers and build the rich, full and meaningful life you want? I can provide a safe, supportive space, as well as helping you learn effective tools and skills, that will help you make the changes and improvements you seek in your life. You will find me easy to talk to, warm, honest, direct, and participatory with a tendency towards healthy humor.
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Photo of Robert Mark Hutchings, Counselor in Bellingham, WA
Robert Mark Hutchings
Counselor, MS, LMHC
Verified Verified
Bellingham, WA 98225
I assist those who have become aware that the story they are currently living is no longer serving them well. Together we will create a therapeutic environment that cultivates this initial awareness. Through the learned application of compassionate boundaries and a mind/body integrative approach, we work to resolve the past dysfunctional or traumatic parts of your story. As we bring balance to our mind/body through awareness, we may align ourselves with our spiritual center to create a new intentional, energetic story that allows healing and the possibility of wellbeing. I further offer nature therapy and grounding/yogic guidance.
I assist those who have become aware that the story they are currently living is no longer serving them well. Together we will create a therapeutic environment that cultivates this initial awareness. Through the learned application of compassionate boundaries and a mind/body integrative approach, we work to resolve the past dysfunctional or traumatic parts of your story. As we bring balance to our mind/body through awareness, we may align ourselves with our spiritual center to create a new intentional, energetic story that allows healing and the possibility of wellbeing. I further offer nature therapy and grounding/yogic guidance.
(360) 233-8944 View (360) 233-8944
Photo of Sage L. Willis, PhD, Psychologist in Bellingham, WA
Sage L. Willis, PhD
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Bellingham, WA 98226
Not accepting new clients
I specialize in working with college students and LGBTQIA+ people (13 and up), including the transgender/gender diverse community. This includes a range of queer identities (non-binary, ace, demi, pan, intersex, etc.). I also welcome people from all walks of life, including those who do not identify as LGBTQIA+ (cis-heterosexual people). The college student population in general is also a focus of mine. I also love geeks and gamers. I work from Compassion Focused (CFT), Client-Centered approach, but I tailor my approach for each person.
I specialize in working with college students and LGBTQIA+ people (13 and up), including the transgender/gender diverse community. This includes a range of queer identities (non-binary, ace, demi, pan, intersex, etc.). I also welcome people from all walks of life, including those who do not identify as LGBTQIA+ (cis-heterosexual people). The college student population in general is also a focus of mine. I also love geeks and gamers. I work from Compassion Focused (CFT), Client-Centered approach, but I tailor my approach for each person.
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Photo of Nick Mabbutt, Marriage & Family Therapist in Bellingham, WA
Nick Mabbutt
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Bellingham, WA 98229
Hello! Welcome to my profile. My name is Nick Mabbutt, I help children, ages (7-18), individuals, and families navigate a wide range of mental health challenges. Is your child exhibiting challenging behaviors? Emotional Struggles? Difficulty getting to grasp with active/new diagnoses? Is your family struggling to connect? Stuck in difficult patterns? Behavior is communication. Through therapy we may begin to work through these challenges and begin the journey of building a more empowered and connected lived experience for you, your child, and your family.
Hello! Welcome to my profile. My name is Nick Mabbutt, I help children, ages (7-18), individuals, and families navigate a wide range of mental health challenges. Is your child exhibiting challenging behaviors? Emotional Struggles? Difficulty getting to grasp with active/new diagnoses? Is your family struggling to connect? Stuck in difficult patterns? Behavior is communication. Through therapy we may begin to work through these challenges and begin the journey of building a more empowered and connected lived experience for you, your child, and your family.
(360) 657-9399 View (360) 657-9399
Photo of Lynne Graham, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Bellingham, WA
Lynne Graham
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Bellingham, WA 98229  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
If you are experiencing anxiety, feelings of overwhelm and depression or keep repeating the same unhelpful patterns, I can help. Therapy is about creating the happiest, healthiest version of you. Sometimes it’s the impact of the past keeping you stuck, sometimes it’s simply the stressors of living in today’s world. Therapy is about gaining self-understanding and creating change that improves your quality of life. I incorporate a trauma informed and individually focused approach to support you and your goals. I have experience with active-duty military, veterans, first responders, border patrol and sexual abuse/assault survivors.
If you are experiencing anxiety, feelings of overwhelm and depression or keep repeating the same unhelpful patterns, I can help. Therapy is about creating the happiest, healthiest version of you. Sometimes it’s the impact of the past keeping you stuck, sometimes it’s simply the stressors of living in today’s world. Therapy is about gaining self-understanding and creating change that improves your quality of life. I incorporate a trauma informed and individually focused approach to support you and your goals. I have experience with active-duty military, veterans, first responders, border patrol and sexual abuse/assault survivors.
(360) 968-7740 View (360) 968-7740
Photo of Rule and Associates, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Bellingham, WA
Rule and Associates
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSWAIC
Verified Verified
Bellingham, WA 98225
I work with a wide variety of folks who are experiencing mental health, trauma, family, and life related stressors. With experience supporting children ages 3 and up, teens, adults, and families I aim to provide holistic services meeting folks where they are at in their journey. My work includes providing affirming services for LGBTQ+ and Non-monogamous folks. I am skilled at providing services for neurodivergent (ADHD/Autistic) folks aimed at increasing self-understanding and coping with the stressors of the outside world.
I work with a wide variety of folks who are experiencing mental health, trauma, family, and life related stressors. With experience supporting children ages 3 and up, teens, adults, and families I aim to provide holistic services meeting folks where they are at in their journey. My work includes providing affirming services for LGBTQ+ and Non-monogamous folks. I am skilled at providing services for neurodivergent (ADHD/Autistic) folks aimed at increasing self-understanding and coping with the stressors of the outside world.
(360) 531-6411 View (360) 531-6411

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Bellingham, WA

500+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Bellingham, WA who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
87% Depression
79% Self Esteem
78% Relationship Issues
76% Trauma and PTSD
75% Stress
71% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

82% Premera
64% Aetna
61% Regence

How Therapists in Bellingham, WA see their clients

61% In Person and Online
39% Online Only

Gender breakdown

77% Female
18% Male
5% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Bellingham?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.