Therapists in Underhill, VT

Photo of David M Martin, Psychologist in Underhill, VT
David M Martin
Psychologist, PhD, LP
Verified Verified
Underhill, VT 05489  (Online Only)
Accepting Teletherapy Appointments Only. I work collaboratively with my clients, empowering them to find balance, wholeness, and greater happiness in life. My broad experience both in a variety of psychological treatment modalities (Internal Family Systems, EMDR, Dialectical Behavioural Therapy and Emotion Focused Therapy) as well as in working with a wide range of clients, enables me to provide therapy that is both deeply compassionate and well-rooted in psychological science. I’m here to help you create stronger, more fulfilling relationships, make peace with yourself, and start living a life of fulfillment and connection.
Accepting Teletherapy Appointments Only. I work collaboratively with my clients, empowering them to find balance, wholeness, and greater happiness in life. My broad experience both in a variety of psychological treatment modalities (Internal Family Systems, EMDR, Dialectical Behavioural Therapy and Emotion Focused Therapy) as well as in working with a wide range of clients, enables me to provide therapy that is both deeply compassionate and well-rooted in psychological science. I’m here to help you create stronger, more fulfilling relationships, make peace with yourself, and start living a life of fulfillment and connection.
(802) 448-8594 View (802) 448-8594
Photo of Phyllis A Satink in Underhill, VT
Phyllis A Satink
MS, APRN-CS, LCMHC, MAC
Verified Verified
Underhill, VT 05489  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
I see clients from age 16 thru life. As a nurse, I use a holistic approach employing a variety of techniques and tools including hypnosis, Spiritual guidance, aromatherapy, nutritional counseling and energy healing. I am also an addictions specialist and work with recovering adults. A full description of my specialties is on my website including relationship, life transitions, women's issues and life crises.
I see clients from age 16 thru life. As a nurse, I use a holistic approach employing a variety of techniques and tools including hypnosis, Spiritual guidance, aromatherapy, nutritional counseling and energy healing. I am also an addictions specialist and work with recovering adults. A full description of my specialties is on my website including relationship, life transitions, women's issues and life crises.
(802) 459-4128 View (802) 459-4128
Photo of Carolyn Crotty, Art Therapist in Underhill, VT
Carolyn Crotty
Art Therapist, MA, ATR, LCMHC, RYT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Underhill, VT 05489
Life can sometimes leave us feeling overwhelmed and unsure of how to move forward when all we long for is to nurture our creativity and cultivate meaningful connection with others. If you yearn to find the beauty in life that you know is there but has seemed just out of reach lately, please know you don't have to move through this journey alone. You have all that you need to create the life you want for yourself but may just need a guide to help you get there. I help clients learn how to set and hold healthy boundaries and clarify their true sense of self in order to cultivate the relationships and work/life balance they desire.
Life can sometimes leave us feeling overwhelmed and unsure of how to move forward when all we long for is to nurture our creativity and cultivate meaningful connection with others. If you yearn to find the beauty in life that you know is there but has seemed just out of reach lately, please know you don't have to move through this journey alone. You have all that you need to create the life you want for yourself but may just need a guide to help you get there. I help clients learn how to set and hold healthy boundaries and clarify their true sense of self in order to cultivate the relationships and work/life balance they desire.
(802) 200-2387 View (802) 200-2387
Photo of Andrew Even Seguel, Licensed Professional Counselor in Underhill, VT
Andrew Even Seguel
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, LCMHC, CCSCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Underhill, VT 05489  (Online Only)
I am here to help! Requesting professional assistance is an important decision, so I want to assure you of my experience and my approach. Please review my qualifications, style, and other pertinent information here and on my website. I also offer a free, 30-minute session for new clients for the purpose of getting to know each other and determining whether we are a good fit. Finding the right counselor can be a sensitive and challenging process. This free consult is my way of taking the pressure out of the experience. Thank you for considering me as your counselor, and I hope to have the privilege of working with you!
I am here to help! Requesting professional assistance is an important decision, so I want to assure you of my experience and my approach. Please review my qualifications, style, and other pertinent information here and on my website. I also offer a free, 30-minute session for new clients for the purpose of getting to know each other and determining whether we are a good fit. Finding the right counselor can be a sensitive and challenging process. This free consult is my way of taking the pressure out of the experience. Thank you for considering me as your counselor, and I hope to have the privilege of working with you!
(973) 554-4874 View (973) 554-4874

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Danielle Long, Pre-Licensed Professional in Underhill, VT
Danielle Long
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS
Verified Verified
Essex Junction, VT 05452  (Online Only)
Hello! I am currently accepting new clients! I specialize in working with people who may be struggling with anxiety, depression, relationship issues, trauma, or general life challenges. These things can have such an impact on our lives and our relationships with others and it feels so overwhelming to try and navigate these struggles on your own. You've probably tried various strategies, but none of them are working. You may feel out of control and like everything is happening to you. You want to understand why these things are happening and how to change them or make them stop. You want to be happy and enjoy your life.
Hello! I am currently accepting new clients! I specialize in working with people who may be struggling with anxiety, depression, relationship issues, trauma, or general life challenges. These things can have such an impact on our lives and our relationships with others and it feels so overwhelming to try and navigate these struggles on your own. You've probably tried various strategies, but none of them are working. You may feel out of control and like everything is happening to you. You want to understand why these things are happening and how to change them or make them stop. You want to be happy and enjoy your life.
(802) 528-7012 View (802) 528-7012
Photo of Daniel Daneau, Psychologist in Underhill, VT
Daniel Daneau
Psychologist, MA
Verified Verified
Essex Junction, VT 05452
Waitlist for new clients
I believe there are times that all of us will experience a sense of struggle. I believe in a collaborative approach to help people manage feelings and thoughts that make it harder to engage in experiencing life to its fullest. I have been in the mental health field since 2000 and support individuals and families in identifying life long tools to continue to cope.
I believe there are times that all of us will experience a sense of struggle. I believe in a collaborative approach to help people manage feelings and thoughts that make it harder to engage in experiencing life to its fullest. I have been in the mental health field since 2000 and support individuals and families in identifying life long tools to continue to cope.
(802) 441-7209 View (802) 441-7209
Photo of Carla Osgood, Psychologist in Underhill, VT
Carla Osgood
Psychologist, EdD
Verified Verified
Underhill Center, VT 05490  (Online Only)
Clients come to me when they are feeling 'life' is much too painful. Perhaps a loved one has just died ; they have been bullied or abused by someone at work or in a relationship; they are experiencing chronic physical pain; parenting is driving them crazy; financial pressures are unbearable. Whatever the issues, the pain that is felt indicates there is a great deal to be learned. I work closely with my clients as clarity emerges; awareness grows; the impossible becomes possible.
Clients come to me when they are feeling 'life' is much too painful. Perhaps a loved one has just died ; they have been bullied or abused by someone at work or in a relationship; they are experiencing chronic physical pain; parenting is driving them crazy; financial pressures are unbearable. Whatever the issues, the pain that is felt indicates there is a great deal to be learned. I work closely with my clients as clarity emerges; awareness grows; the impossible becomes possible.
View
Photo of Venessa Luck, Psychologist in Underhill, VT
Venessa Luck
Psychologist, MA, PLC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Essex, VT 05451
Waitlist for new clients
I offer confidential psychotherapy working with individuals to help alleviate suffering, process trauma, work through relational discord, and navigate life transitions. This is possible through a collaboration of dialogue between therapist and client, in which we work together to find clarity, process emotions, explore past experiences, and discuss relational patterns. When given the opportunity to bring these themes forward in a trusting space, one can find a deeper connection to self and others.
I offer confidential psychotherapy working with individuals to help alleviate suffering, process trauma, work through relational discord, and navigate life transitions. This is possible through a collaboration of dialogue between therapist and client, in which we work together to find clarity, process emotions, explore past experiences, and discuss relational patterns. When given the opportunity to bring these themes forward in a trusting space, one can find a deeper connection to self and others.
(802) 210-3573 View (802) 210-3573
Photo of Bernadette O'Neil, Drug & Alcohol Counselor in Underhill, VT
Bernadette O'Neil
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, LICSW, LADC, ACSW
Verified Verified
Essex Junction, VT 05453
my area of expertise is in the evaluation and treatment of substance abuse. I have worked in substance abuse settings since 1986 including detox ,and outpatient settings . I currently provide counseling required by Project Crash to assist clients in regaining their license after a DWI offense and also provide evaluation for the office of professional regulation. I enjoy working with individuals, couples and families who are dealing with addiction issues.I also have a degree in theology and enjoy discussing how one's faith can be used in dealing with life's issues.
my area of expertise is in the evaluation and treatment of substance abuse. I have worked in substance abuse settings since 1986 including detox ,and outpatient settings . I currently provide counseling required by Project Crash to assist clients in regaining their license after a DWI offense and also provide evaluation for the office of professional regulation. I enjoy working with individuals, couples and families who are dealing with addiction issues.I also have a degree in theology and enjoy discussing how one's faith can be used in dealing with life's issues.
(802) 316-3454 View (802) 316-3454
Robert Martin Duwors
Psychologist, PhD, MS
Verified Verified
Essex Junction, VT 05452
I am a neuropsychologist, trained to evaluate individuals throughout the lifespan. Training fellowships at the Massachusetts General Hospital and Tufts Hospital. Current practice primarily assessing learning and other neuropsychological issues in children and adolescents; post concussive and TBI related issues; assessing normal aging v minor cognitive or other disorders and developing treatment/intervention plans. Currently engaged in multiple research activities. Forensic neuropsychological evaluations also conducted. Harvard Medical School faculty.
I am a neuropsychologist, trained to evaluate individuals throughout the lifespan. Training fellowships at the Massachusetts General Hospital and Tufts Hospital. Current practice primarily assessing learning and other neuropsychological issues in children and adolescents; post concussive and TBI related issues; assessing normal aging v minor cognitive or other disorders and developing treatment/intervention plans. Currently engaged in multiple research activities. Forensic neuropsychological evaluations also conducted. Harvard Medical School faculty.
(802) 992-8173 View (802) 992-8173
Photo of James Fitzgerald, Licensed Clinical Mental Health Counselor in Underhill, VT
James Fitzgerald
Licensed Clinical Mental Health Counselor, MS, NCC, AAP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Essex, VT 05451
I use an integrative approach to therapy; person centered, trauma informed, strength based, and culturally sensitive. I believe that thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by many factors; genetics, biology, psychology, society, community, family, relationships, education, occupation, religion, and culture. I work with clients to help them gain an understanding of how their early relationships with others affect their current relationships through trauma-informed, CBT, attachment theory work. I am primarily interested in Internal Family Systems, Cognitive Behavioral, Dialectical Behavior, and Motivational Therapies.
I use an integrative approach to therapy; person centered, trauma informed, strength based, and culturally sensitive. I believe that thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by many factors; genetics, biology, psychology, society, community, family, relationships, education, occupation, religion, and culture. I work with clients to help them gain an understanding of how their early relationships with others affect their current relationships through trauma-informed, CBT, attachment theory work. I am primarily interested in Internal Family Systems, Cognitive Behavioral, Dialectical Behavior, and Motivational Therapies.
(802) 255-9078 View (802) 255-9078
Photo of Kiersten Parks, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Underhill, VT
Kiersten Parks
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, PMH-C
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Essex Junction, VT 05452
Not accepting new clients
I provide therapy to adults who are experiencing depression, anxiety, symptoms of trauma, interpersonal challenges, life transitions, difficulties with self-esteem, and those who are seeking clarity around their values, needs, and goals. I specialize in supporting individuals in the perinatal and postpartum periods, as well as parents at any stage of their journey. I work with clients experiencing postpartum anxiety and depression and provide a safe and supportive space for them to process issues such as perinatal loss, infertility, and birth trauma.
I provide therapy to adults who are experiencing depression, anxiety, symptoms of trauma, interpersonal challenges, life transitions, difficulties with self-esteem, and those who are seeking clarity around their values, needs, and goals. I specialize in supporting individuals in the perinatal and postpartum periods, as well as parents at any stage of their journey. I work with clients experiencing postpartum anxiety and depression and provide a safe and supportive space for them to process issues such as perinatal loss, infertility, and birth trauma.
(802) 424-9204 View (802) 424-9204
Photo of Alexis Pless, Pre-Licensed Professional in Underhill, VT
Alexis Pless
Pre-Licensed Professional, BA
Verified Verified
Essex, VT 05451
Currently scheduling intake sessions for late April and May. I ground my work in a Relational-Cultural and Feminist perspective, in which a collaborative therapeutic relationship is integral to supporting you in recognizing, establishing, and reaching personally meaningful goals. I work primarily with adults working through relationship and communication struggles, identity development, depression, and anxiety. Through creating a stable and grounded therapeutic relationship to each other, we will explore the ways in which maladaptive relational patterns and beliefs impact your current ability to live the life you want and deserve.
Currently scheduling intake sessions for late April and May. I ground my work in a Relational-Cultural and Feminist perspective, in which a collaborative therapeutic relationship is integral to supporting you in recognizing, establishing, and reaching personally meaningful goals. I work primarily with adults working through relationship and communication struggles, identity development, depression, and anxiety. Through creating a stable and grounded therapeutic relationship to each other, we will explore the ways in which maladaptive relational patterns and beliefs impact your current ability to live the life you want and deserve.
(802) 210-3981 View (802) 210-3981
Photo of David O'Leary, Psychologist in Underhill, VT
David O'Leary
Psychologist, MA
Verified Verified
Essex Junction, VT 05452
Not accepting new clients
As of April 2024, I no longer have openings. Thank you for visiting my profile. I am a Psychologist-Master in private practice in Essex, Vt, I use a person-centered approach to psychotherapy, and treat a number of mental health issues. I provide in-person sessions at my Essex office, with off-street free parking and a private waiting area. I also offer video sessions using secure software. I look forward to speaking with you if you are interested in finding out more about my practice.
As of April 2024, I no longer have openings. Thank you for visiting my profile. I am a Psychologist-Master in private practice in Essex, Vt, I use a person-centered approach to psychotherapy, and treat a number of mental health issues. I provide in-person sessions at my Essex office, with off-street free parking and a private waiting area. I also offer video sessions using secure software. I look forward to speaking with you if you are interested in finding out more about my practice.
(802) 328-9181 View (802) 328-9181
Photo of David Osgood, Psychologist in Underhill, VT
David Osgood
Psychologist, EdD, MPH
Verified Verified
Underhill Center, VT 05490
More than 30 years of practice as a psychologist has taught me that true healing arrises within a deep and trusting relationship with each individual, couple and group with whom I work. My colleague Dr. Peter Wrycza calls this work "Conversations on the edge of silence" Our thinking mind is a marvelous tool when it is used appropriately. The deeper problem is that the thinking mind can keep us locked into our stories of either the past or the future. Much of the work is about exploring ways to become more present in life and release the historic patterns and beliefs that keep us stuck in the illusion of separation from one another.
More than 30 years of practice as a psychologist has taught me that true healing arrises within a deep and trusting relationship with each individual, couple and group with whom I work. My colleague Dr. Peter Wrycza calls this work "Conversations on the edge of silence" Our thinking mind is a marvelous tool when it is used appropriately. The deeper problem is that the thinking mind can keep us locked into our stories of either the past or the future. Much of the work is about exploring ways to become more present in life and release the historic patterns and beliefs that keep us stuck in the illusion of separation from one another.
(802) 999-8310 View (802) 999-8310
Photo of Jacqueline Esancy, Counselor in Underhill, VT
Jacqueline Esancy
Counselor, MA, LCMHC , LADC , LPC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Fairfax, VT 05454  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
You deserve to be treated fairly, without judgment or stigma in a comfortable setting. You don't have to go through this alone. You don’t have to suffer with addiction, anxiety, trauma, depression, eating disorders or other mental health concerns alone. Whether you are in legal trouble or have a DUI, your relationships are suffering or have DCF involvement I am here to help. You can get through your current situation and work to be better for having gone through it.
You deserve to be treated fairly, without judgment or stigma in a comfortable setting. You don't have to go through this alone. You don’t have to suffer with addiction, anxiety, trauma, depression, eating disorders or other mental health concerns alone. Whether you are in legal trouble or have a DUI, your relationships are suffering or have DCF involvement I am here to help. You can get through your current situation and work to be better for having gone through it.
(802) 536-8044 View (802) 536-8044
Photo of David A Porter, Drug & Alcohol Counselor in Underhill, VT
David A Porter
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, LADC
Verified Verified
Essex Junction, VT 05452  (Online Only)
LEAVE AN EMAIL IN ADDITION TO A PHONE. NOTE MY RETURN PHONE CALL WILL COME UP AS PRIVATE, ANONYMOUS, OR UNLISTED. I help people overcome their addictions, manage anger, depression, and anxiety, and cope with trauma. I offer guidance to those who have family addicted to drugs or alcohol. I am dedicated to improving quality of life for people. I routinely go far above and beyond expectations. I am respectful but very direct and straightforward.
LEAVE AN EMAIL IN ADDITION TO A PHONE. NOTE MY RETURN PHONE CALL WILL COME UP AS PRIVATE, ANONYMOUS, OR UNLISTED. I help people overcome their addictions, manage anger, depression, and anxiety, and cope with trauma. I offer guidance to those who have family addicted to drugs or alcohol. I am dedicated to improving quality of life for people. I routinely go far above and beyond expectations. I am respectful but very direct and straightforward.
(802) 448-8496 View (802) 448-8496
Photo of Crystal Poirier Fisher, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Underhill, VT
Crystal Poirier Fisher
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW, LADC
Verified Verified
Essex Junction, VT 05452
The world renowned teacher, Pema Chodron, once said that "compassion is not a relationship between the healer and the wounded. It is a relationship between equals". This quote speaks to the heart of my clinical practice. I view therapy as a journey that we take together, one step at a time. We will travel together on this path and find ways to support a life of health and wellbeing that are meaningful to you.
The world renowned teacher, Pema Chodron, once said that "compassion is not a relationship between the healer and the wounded. It is a relationship between equals". This quote speaks to the heart of my clinical practice. I view therapy as a journey that we take together, one step at a time. We will travel together on this path and find ways to support a life of health and wellbeing that are meaningful to you.
(802) 526-2150 View (802) 526-2150
Photo of Rebecca Morse, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Underhill, VT
Rebecca Morse
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Essex Junction, VT 05452
I am currently accepting new patients online and in person. The quality of the therapeutic relationship is an important part of the healing process. With 26 years of experience counseling adolescents, adults and families, I offer a warm and trusting environment. My approach is client-centered, nonjudgmental and collaborative.
I am currently accepting new patients online and in person. The quality of the therapeutic relationship is an important part of the healing process. With 26 years of experience counseling adolescents, adults and families, I offer a warm and trusting environment. My approach is client-centered, nonjudgmental and collaborative.
(802) 992-8034 View (802) 992-8034
Photo of Michael Belyea, Psychologist in Underhill, VT
Michael Belyea
Psychologist, MA
Verified Verified
Essex Junction, VT 05452
I'm dedicated to helping individuals discover and enhance their emotional capacities. I hope to raise awareness within the sense of self, leading to stronger interpersonal relationships and a more fulfilling life. Through the therapeutic experience of being understood by another in a safe and genuine relationship, individuals develop an increased kindness for themselves and others, and are able to experience a more authentic view of themself. This self-awareness often leads us to new ways of relating to others, increased awareness and tolerance for difficult emotions, and the transformation of destructive patterns in our lives.
I'm dedicated to helping individuals discover and enhance their emotional capacities. I hope to raise awareness within the sense of self, leading to stronger interpersonal relationships and a more fulfilling life. Through the therapeutic experience of being understood by another in a safe and genuine relationship, individuals develop an increased kindness for themselves and others, and are able to experience a more authentic view of themself. This self-awareness often leads us to new ways of relating to others, increased awareness and tolerance for difficult emotions, and the transformation of destructive patterns in our lives.
(802) 676-4266 View (802) 676-4266

See more therapy options for Underhill

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Underhill, VT

< 10

Therapists in Underhill, VT who prioritize treating:

100% Anxiety
100% Self Esteem
75% Relationship Issues
75% Other
75% Family Conflict
75% Coping Skills
75% Stress

Average years in practice

14 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Cigna and Evernorth
50% Aetna
50% BlueCross and BlueShield

How Therapists in Underhill, VT see their clients

75% Online Only
25% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

50% Female
50% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Underhill?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.