Therapists in East Hardwick, VT

Photo of L. Roen Prowe in East Hardwick, VT
L. Roen Prowe
Verified Verified
East Hardwick, VT 05836
My work centers on helping clients confront, relate to, and manage the interplay between their feelings, actions, and sense of self. This understanding shapes my therapeutic approach, grounded not in a quest for temporary happiness or conventional success but in exploring and affirming our values, emotions, and unique way of being. Through simple exercises, journaling, and thoughtful conversation, we journey together toward a deeper self-awareness and coherence of being.
My work centers on helping clients confront, relate to, and manage the interplay between their feelings, actions, and sense of self. This understanding shapes my therapeutic approach, grounded not in a quest for temporary happiness or conventional success but in exploring and affirming our values, emotions, and unique way of being. Through simple exercises, journaling, and thoughtful conversation, we journey together toward a deeper self-awareness and coherence of being.
(802) 736-7797 View (802) 736-7797
Photo of Aaron Billings, Counselor in East Hardwick, VT
Aaron Billings
Counselor, MEd, MA, LCMHC
Verified Verified
East Hardwick, VT 05836
Aaron Billings, LCMHC a licensed clinician in Northern Vermont. Aaron primarily works with adults and children who are struggling with mental health, addiction, co-occurring and/or accompanying medical concerns. Aaron has been working in the fields of human services, wellness, and education since 1993 and as a counselor since 2012. Experience includes young children, teens, disabled persons, TBI and acquired brain injury, autism, Trauma and abuse, college students, elders, young adults, and people with addictions. I use a combination of counseling and learning theories including Solution Focused, Human centered, and Cognitive.
Aaron Billings, LCMHC a licensed clinician in Northern Vermont. Aaron primarily works with adults and children who are struggling with mental health, addiction, co-occurring and/or accompanying medical concerns. Aaron has been working in the fields of human services, wellness, and education since 1993 and as a counselor since 2012. Experience includes young children, teens, disabled persons, TBI and acquired brain injury, autism, Trauma and abuse, college students, elders, young adults, and people with addictions. I use a combination of counseling and learning theories including Solution Focused, Human centered, and Cognitive.
(802) 247-7991 View (802) 247-7991

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Lori J Leff in East Hardwick, VT
Lori J Leff
MA
Verified Verified
Hardwick, VT 05843
Waitlist for new clients
Everyone has the capacity to grow and to heal. It's easy to get stuck in patterns that no longer serve us, limit our perspective and perpetuate suffering. I'd like to help you explore what you need to gain resilience, to discover joy. I'm a good active listener with a big heart. My art background and compassion practice inform all I do. In therapy, we'll look at the larger picture together: notice the patterns and the narratives you've created about them, the self-judgments, the emotions that can (but don't need to) run the show, the places you feel stuck. My practice is client-centered. I honor you and your self-expertise.
Everyone has the capacity to grow and to heal. It's easy to get stuck in patterns that no longer serve us, limit our perspective and perpetuate suffering. I'd like to help you explore what you need to gain resilience, to discover joy. I'm a good active listener with a big heart. My art background and compassion practice inform all I do. In therapy, we'll look at the larger picture together: notice the patterns and the narratives you've created about them, the self-judgments, the emotions that can (but don't need to) run the show, the places you feel stuck. My practice is client-centered. I honor you and your self-expertise.
(802) 465-5019 View (802) 465-5019
Photo of Gary Mitchell, Drug & Alcohol Counselor in East Hardwick, VT
Gary Mitchell
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, MS, LADC, ICGC-1, MAC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hardwick, VT 05843
Not accepting new clients
Living with addiction and cooccurring disorders can be very disruptive. Addiction can lead to making poor choices resulting in relationship difficulties, legal issues and health concerns. Most people simply want the chaos to stop and to find stability in their lives. I believe that everyone deserves a second chance and work with each individual to develop an unique approach to develop the stability that has been illusive. I have a person centered approach and will employ a combination of methods that best match your needs.
Living with addiction and cooccurring disorders can be very disruptive. Addiction can lead to making poor choices resulting in relationship difficulties, legal issues and health concerns. Most people simply want the chaos to stop and to find stability in their lives. I believe that everyone deserves a second chance and work with each individual to develop an unique approach to develop the stability that has been illusive. I have a person centered approach and will employ a combination of methods that best match your needs.
(802) 461-4724 View (802) 461-4724
Photo of Ryan Gouvin, Pre-Licensed Professional in East Hardwick, VT
Ryan Gouvin
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Hardwick, VT 05843
Accepting New Clients (People)! Working together my goal will be to help you become the best version of yourself. Are you ready to make a positive change? Struggling to reach a goal? Making changes often requires clarifying small attainable goals to achieve a larger goal. Need help communicating within a personal or professional relationship? Many times, our communication style may benefit from some adjustment. Having an ally to plan these goals and help provide clarity may help clear the path. People I work with can expect respect, safety, and validation when working with me. Contact me today for a free 15 minute consultation.
Accepting New Clients (People)! Working together my goal will be to help you become the best version of yourself. Are you ready to make a positive change? Struggling to reach a goal? Making changes often requires clarifying small attainable goals to achieve a larger goal. Need help communicating within a personal or professional relationship? Many times, our communication style may benefit from some adjustment. Having an ally to plan these goals and help provide clarity may help clear the path. People I work with can expect respect, safety, and validation when working with me. Contact me today for a free 15 minute consultation.
(802) 444-8512 View (802) 444-8512
Photo of Timothy Ricciardello, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in East Hardwick, VT
Timothy Ricciardello
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Hardwick, VT 05843
Life is complicated. Our history, experiences and trauma affect not only who we are but also how we interact with the world. Whether you are struggling with childhood memories, recent trauma or simply trying to find solutions to balance out life, we can process them together. Therapy is about going deep, processing the wounds that affect us and integrating them into our current selves in order to live productively and meaningfully in the world.
Life is complicated. Our history, experiences and trauma affect not only who we are but also how we interact with the world. Whether you are struggling with childhood memories, recent trauma or simply trying to find solutions to balance out life, we can process them together. Therapy is about going deep, processing the wounds that affect us and integrating them into our current selves in order to live productively and meaningfully in the world.
(517) 468-6887 View (517) 468-6887
Photo of Talaia Thomas, Counselor in East Hardwick, VT
Talaia Thomas
Counselor, LCMHC, MA, QMHP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hardwick, VT 05843
My counseling approach is both practical and realistic, provided in a relaxed atmosphere. I work with adults, children, and families interested and willing to make necessary changes in their lives. I've also incorporated pets into my practice, as research has proven the use of pets in counseling reduces stress and elevates mood. Areas of treatment include depression, anxiety, PTSD, behavioral issues, identity concerns, relationship difficulties, crisis consultation, etc.
My counseling approach is both practical and realistic, provided in a relaxed atmosphere. I work with adults, children, and families interested and willing to make necessary changes in their lives. I've also incorporated pets into my practice, as research has proven the use of pets in counseling reduces stress and elevates mood. Areas of treatment include depression, anxiety, PTSD, behavioral issues, identity concerns, relationship difficulties, crisis consultation, etc.
(802) 772-0404 View (802) 772-0404
Photo of Danielle Leriche-Forkey, Psychologist in East Hardwick, VT
Danielle Leriche-Forkey
Psychologist, MA
Verified Verified
Hardwick, VT 05843
"Success is not final; failure is not fatal: It is the courage to continue that counts." Winston Churchill. While life can be rewarding, it can also present its challenges. By viewing this site, you have taken the courage to make the first steps in addressing these challenges in hopes for a more successful and rewarding life. I have particular experience working with individuals that struggle with past traumas and those that have difficulties in their relationships. I am familiar working with families and systems dynamics, including those served by agencies. I work with individuals of all intellectual ability (children- adults).
"Success is not final; failure is not fatal: It is the courage to continue that counts." Winston Churchill. While life can be rewarding, it can also present its challenges. By viewing this site, you have taken the courage to make the first steps in addressing these challenges in hopes for a more successful and rewarding life. I have particular experience working with individuals that struggle with past traumas and those that have difficulties in their relationships. I am familiar working with families and systems dynamics, including those served by agencies. I work with individuals of all intellectual ability (children- adults).
(802) 536-4136 View (802) 536-4136
Photo of John Aarts, Drug & Alcohol Counselor in East Hardwick, VT
John Aarts
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, MA, LADC
Verified Verified
Hardwick, VT 05843
Everyone wants to have a Successful Life? You know that your life could be better, but you don’t know where to start. You feel overwhelmed. You fall back on the same patterns because they feel familiar, but you know that you need to try something different. My role as a counselor is to guide you toward successful recovery from dependence or abuse. During our confidential, one-on-one meetings, I will share my ideas for you to find successful recovery. I can help you build a strong bridge to move forward.
Everyone wants to have a Successful Life? You know that your life could be better, but you don’t know where to start. You feel overwhelmed. You fall back on the same patterns because they feel familiar, but you know that you need to try something different. My role as a counselor is to guide you toward successful recovery from dependence or abuse. During our confidential, one-on-one meetings, I will share my ideas for you to find successful recovery. I can help you build a strong bridge to move forward.
(802) 648-8103 View (802) 648-8103
Photo of Christopher Steller, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in East Hardwick, VT
Christopher Steller
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, MA
Verified Verified
Hardwick, VT 05843
My goal in all my work with all my different clients is to help them better understand themselves, their lives and their struggles. With honesty, compassion, warmth, humor and respect, as well as my own insights and knowledge gained from my work and my life, I help people more fully become who they wish to be. Whether their issues are behavioral, emotional, relational or involving more specific challenges, I use different strategies from different disciplines to assist my clients in reaching their goals.
My goal in all my work with all my different clients is to help them better understand themselves, their lives and their struggles. With honesty, compassion, warmth, humor and respect, as well as my own insights and knowledge gained from my work and my life, I help people more fully become who they wish to be. Whether their issues are behavioral, emotional, relational or involving more specific challenges, I use different strategies from different disciplines to assist my clients in reaching their goals.
(802) 231-2327 View (802) 231-2327
Sharon Moffatt
Counselor, MS, LCMHC
Verified Verified
Hardwick, VT 05843
Waitlist for new clients
There are many reasons why someone might want to seek out counseling; maybe it's the desire to feel less depressed or anxious, to be more connected or understood, or to learn better communication skills in relationship to others. More often than not, the reason a person reaches out to a therapist is because something is out of balance or 'off'. I believe that people have an inherent desire to feel good and that we do the best we can until we learn better ways.
There are many reasons why someone might want to seek out counseling; maybe it's the desire to feel less depressed or anxious, to be more connected or understood, or to learn better communication skills in relationship to others. More often than not, the reason a person reaches out to a therapist is because something is out of balance or 'off'. I believe that people have an inherent desire to feel good and that we do the best we can until we learn better ways.
(802) 368-5190 View (802) 368-5190
Photo of Mallory Billings-Litke, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in East Hardwick, VT
Mallory Billings-Litke
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
West Danville, VT 05873  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
You will receive a quicker response if you send an email rather than leaving a voicemail. I provide counseling for individuals and couples. We will focus on problem-solving through improved communication and conflict resolution as well as goal setting through the use of cognitive behavioral therapy, mindfulness skills and traditional talk therapy. I will tailor your treatment to your specific needs. I look forward to hearing from you!
You will receive a quicker response if you send an email rather than leaving a voicemail. I provide counseling for individuals and couples. We will focus on problem-solving through improved communication and conflict resolution as well as goal setting through the use of cognitive behavioral therapy, mindfulness skills and traditional talk therapy. I will tailor your treatment to your specific needs. I look forward to hearing from you!
(802) 454-3767 View (802) 454-3767
Photo of Claire Berry, Counselor in East Hardwick, VT
Claire Berry
Counselor, MA, LCMHC
Verified Verified
Hardwick, VT 05843  (Online Only)
When your life needs direction, connection, and/or balance, whether it's your past, present, or future that brings your desire for change, you hold the power to heal. I believe that with honest self-exploration you can identify the roots of your discomfort and the path forward. I believe in the innate goodness of each person and their power to create the solutions to their challenges. I will partner in your self-discovery and healing by creating a safe, non-judgmental space to begin the work of lowering defenses and looking into the most protected areas of yourself.
When your life needs direction, connection, and/or balance, whether it's your past, present, or future that brings your desire for change, you hold the power to heal. I believe that with honest self-exploration you can identify the roots of your discomfort and the path forward. I believe in the innate goodness of each person and their power to create the solutions to their challenges. I will partner in your self-discovery and healing by creating a safe, non-judgmental space to begin the work of lowering defenses and looking into the most protected areas of yourself.
(802) 992-8448 View (802) 992-8448
Photo of Sam Morrigan, Registered Psychotherapist in East Hardwick, VT
Sam Morrigan
Registered Psychotherapist, MS
Verified Verified
Hardwick, VT 05843
I believe everyone deserves a judgement-free space to discover and explore all they are. I provide an eclectic client-centered approach to therapy that is deeply rooted in feministic theory and strengths-based approaches. I help (re)build self-worth, empower, and guide you to your true self. I encourage looking at life from various perspectives in order to fully understand how you can grow and become who you desire to be. I have experience navigating relationships and the unique issues within the gaming, pop culture, and geek/nerd communities. I use essential oil blends, if this is an issue, let me know PRIOR to scheduling.
I believe everyone deserves a judgement-free space to discover and explore all they are. I provide an eclectic client-centered approach to therapy that is deeply rooted in feministic theory and strengths-based approaches. I help (re)build self-worth, empower, and guide you to your true self. I encourage looking at life from various perspectives in order to fully understand how you can grow and become who you desire to be. I have experience navigating relationships and the unique issues within the gaming, pop culture, and geek/nerd communities. I use essential oil blends, if this is an issue, let me know PRIOR to scheduling.
(802) 526-6910 View (802) 526-6910
Photo of Cecile Leriche, Counselor in East Hardwick, VT
Cecile Leriche
Counselor, LCMHC
Verified Verified
Hardwick, VT 05843  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
I believe losing touch with our life purpose can lead to depression, anxiety, mood imbalances, and disconnection to Self. By utilizing talk therapy, goals and embracing the here and now, we have opportunities to reach for and reconnect with healing spirit, opening a portal in which one resolves the obstacles holding us back; This journey facilitates access to a path of self discovery of the deeper meaning and gifts we hold in life. Like an onion, peeling away limiting layers of self-beliefs and the attending reactivity to those beliefs, one can foster deeper awareness of life experience, and a renewal of our sense of purpose.
I believe losing touch with our life purpose can lead to depression, anxiety, mood imbalances, and disconnection to Self. By utilizing talk therapy, goals and embracing the here and now, we have opportunities to reach for and reconnect with healing spirit, opening a portal in which one resolves the obstacles holding us back; This journey facilitates access to a path of self discovery of the deeper meaning and gifts we hold in life. Like an onion, peeling away limiting layers of self-beliefs and the attending reactivity to those beliefs, one can foster deeper awareness of life experience, and a renewal of our sense of purpose.
(802) 454-3077 View (802) 454-3077
Photo of Tina Ghantous, Registered Psychotherapist in East Hardwick, VT
Tina Ghantous
Registered Psychotherapist, MS
Verified Verified
Hardwick, VT 05843
Not accepting new clients
Counseling is a therapeutic container where you can update and reclaim your story to access more of your vitality and presence. I engage somatic (body focused) modalities, including Somatic Experiencing (TM), EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing), parts work, yogic concepts, deep inquiry and deep listening. Because embodiment has many dimensions, restoration of flexibility and adaptability to your mind and nervous system can come through many pathways.
Counseling is a therapeutic container where you can update and reclaim your story to access more of your vitality and presence. I engage somatic (body focused) modalities, including Somatic Experiencing (TM), EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing), parts work, yogic concepts, deep inquiry and deep listening. Because embodiment has many dimensions, restoration of flexibility and adaptability to your mind and nervous system can come through many pathways.
(802) 317-8044 View (802) 317-8044
Photo of Cherise Renee Boutin, Counselor in East Hardwick, VT
Cherise Renee Boutin
Counselor, MA, LCMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hardwick, VT 05843
Waitlist for new clients
In our journeys through life we experience both pleasurable and distressing events. When these events reach a level of trauma and are not processed or effectively integrated, individuals may rely on less adaptive strategies to manage discomfort, stress and change. These strategies can negatively influence the way we perceive and interact with the world and affect our intuitive nature and our intentionality for seeking meaning and experiencing joy. My practice is informed by a deeply attuned and heartfelt approach to my client’s emotional wellbeing. I enjoy working with children, adolescents, individuals, couples and families.
In our journeys through life we experience both pleasurable and distressing events. When these events reach a level of trauma and are not processed or effectively integrated, individuals may rely on less adaptive strategies to manage discomfort, stress and change. These strategies can negatively influence the way we perceive and interact with the world and affect our intuitive nature and our intentionality for seeking meaning and experiencing joy. My practice is informed by a deeply attuned and heartfelt approach to my client’s emotional wellbeing. I enjoy working with children, adolescents, individuals, couples and families.
(802) 536-8020 View (802) 536-8020
Photo of Lydia S Russell, Pre-Licensed Professional in East Hardwick, VT
Lydia S Russell
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, CMHC, HHC, CYT
Verified Verified
13 Endorsed
Hardwick, VT 05843
Not accepting new clients
As a somatic and mindfulness-based mental health counselor, I work with individual adults in identifying and affirming gifts and strengths; finding and maintaining calm, connection, and contentment; and creating new patterns that encourage health, growth, and resilience through life’s changes. A session with me might include movement exploration (informed by dance/movement therapy and yoga), awareness-building (mindfulness and meditation) exercises, therapeutic conversation, and lifestyle coaching. Sessions can be online, or outdoors among the trees - an opportunity to gain insight and inspiration from the natural world.
As a somatic and mindfulness-based mental health counselor, I work with individual adults in identifying and affirming gifts and strengths; finding and maintaining calm, connection, and contentment; and creating new patterns that encourage health, growth, and resilience through life’s changes. A session with me might include movement exploration (informed by dance/movement therapy and yoga), awareness-building (mindfulness and meditation) exercises, therapeutic conversation, and lifestyle coaching. Sessions can be online, or outdoors among the trees - an opportunity to gain insight and inspiration from the natural world.
(802) 613-0888 View (802) 613-0888
Photo of OpenGate , Counselor in East Hardwick, VT
OpenGate
Counselor, MA, LCMHC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Hardwick, VT 05843
We have openings! OpenGate is a group practice offering a variety of styles of therapy, in-person at several locations throughout Vermont, and via Telehealth. We offer services to individuals of all ages and populations, including the LGBTQA+ and neurodivergent populations, with a variety of counseling needs. Our team offers services ranging from expressive arts therapy, IFS, CBT, EMDR, Positive Psychology and wellness based practice, as well as somatic therapy, traditional talk therapy, and more. Visit www.opengatevt.com and check out our counseling team page!
We have openings! OpenGate is a group practice offering a variety of styles of therapy, in-person at several locations throughout Vermont, and via Telehealth. We offer services to individuals of all ages and populations, including the LGBTQA+ and neurodivergent populations, with a variety of counseling needs. Our team offers services ranging from expressive arts therapy, IFS, CBT, EMDR, Positive Psychology and wellness based practice, as well as somatic therapy, traditional talk therapy, and more. Visit www.opengatevt.com and check out our counseling team page!
(802) 793-9850 x1 View (802) 793-9850 x1
Photo of Angel Mason, Pre-Licensed Professional in East Hardwick, VT
Angel Mason
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
Wolcott, VT 05680
My approach is person centered and meeting each individual where they are at in their lives. We work together to address barriers that they may be facing, and work on issues that they are currently facing to ensure a better quality of life for them and those around them.
My approach is person centered and meeting each individual where they are at in their lives. We work together to address barriers that they may be facing, and work on issues that they are currently facing to ensure a better quality of life for them and those around them.
(802) 559-5838 View (802) 559-5838

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in East Hardwick, VT

< 10

Therapists in East Hardwick, VT who prioritize treating:

100% Relationship Issues
100% ADHD
100% Grief
100% Trauma and PTSD
100% Family Conflict
100% Life Transitions
100% Chronic Illness

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% BlueCross and BlueShield
100% Medicaid
100% TRICARE

How Therapists in East Hardwick, VT see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

50% Male
50% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in East Hardwick?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.