Therapists in Charlotte, VT

Photo of Carter Branley, Counselor in Charlotte, VT
Carter Branley
Counselor, MS, LCMHC, NCC
Verified Verified
Charlotte, VT 05445  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Are you looking for support around a concern in your life? Do you sense that exploring those concerns in a caring and open environment with a professional counselor could be helpful? If yes, I encourage you to give me a call or email today. Over my time as a professional counselor, I have worked with hundreds of clients experiencing a diverse array of life concerns and/or circumstances and who have found support and solace in the counseling space. As a counselor it is my highest goal for you to feel understood, respected, and cared for as we explore together.
Are you looking for support around a concern in your life? Do you sense that exploring those concerns in a caring and open environment with a professional counselor could be helpful? If yes, I encourage you to give me a call or email today. Over my time as a professional counselor, I have worked with hundreds of clients experiencing a diverse array of life concerns and/or circumstances and who have found support and solace in the counseling space. As a counselor it is my highest goal for you to feel understood, respected, and cared for as we explore together.
(802) 242-8491 View (802) 242-8491
Photo of Lila M. Webb, Licensed Clinical Mental Health Counselor in Charlotte, VT
Lila M. Webb
Licensed Clinical Mental Health Counselor, LCMHC
Verified Verified
Charlotte, VT 05445
Waitlist for new clients
There are times in our lives when everything seems to be humming right along, and there are times when it's just not. It could be that you're worried about your child who's struggling, maybe you don't know what you want in life, your relationships aren't fulfilling, or you're feeling lost and unsatisfied in life despite having done what you thought would make you happy. Regardless of the reason, if these kinds of challenges are keeping you up at night, or distracted during the day, you're not alone. You're at a crossroads.
There are times in our lives when everything seems to be humming right along, and there are times when it's just not. It could be that you're worried about your child who's struggling, maybe you don't know what you want in life, your relationships aren't fulfilling, or you're feeling lost and unsatisfied in life despite having done what you thought would make you happy. Regardless of the reason, if these kinds of challenges are keeping you up at night, or distracted during the day, you're not alone. You're at a crossroads.
(802) 552-4547 View (802) 552-4547
Photo of Audra E. Socinski, Counselor in Charlotte, VT
Audra E. Socinski
Counselor, LCMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Charlotte, VT 05445
Hello and thank you for visiting my page! I specialize in working with teens, adults, and couples, all with Autism Spectrum Disorders. I feel fortunate to have found a niche as unique as this! I am committed to helping these individuals enhance their social and relational skills in order to better develop interpersonal relationships with others. Whether you are an individual or part of a couple, I treat all my clients in a non-judgmental and empathetic manner. PLEASE NOTE: I am currently not accepting new clients, but feel free to inquire about my waiting list.
Hello and thank you for visiting my page! I specialize in working with teens, adults, and couples, all with Autism Spectrum Disorders. I feel fortunate to have found a niche as unique as this! I am committed to helping these individuals enhance their social and relational skills in order to better develop interpersonal relationships with others. Whether you are an individual or part of a couple, I treat all my clients in a non-judgmental and empathetic manner. PLEASE NOTE: I am currently not accepting new clients, but feel free to inquire about my waiting list.
(802) 255-8527 View (802) 255-8527
Photo of Letitia Diane Tayeby, Counselor in Charlotte, VT
Letitia Diane Tayeby
Counselor, LCMHC, NCC
Verified Verified
Charlotte, VT 05445
I have spent the past few years specializing in OCD treatment. Although I do still see clients who are referred for Exposure and Response Prevention therapy, I am moving toward working on helping people find happiness and fulfillment in their lives, particularly as we head into more challenging environmental and political times. Because I spent 3 decades living and working overseas, I have come to view this work through a multi-cultural lens and consider the workings of the world to be impactful in all our lives.
I have spent the past few years specializing in OCD treatment. Although I do still see clients who are referred for Exposure and Response Prevention therapy, I am moving toward working on helping people find happiness and fulfillment in their lives, particularly as we head into more challenging environmental and political times. Because I spent 3 decades living and working overseas, I have come to view this work through a multi-cultural lens and consider the workings of the world to be impactful in all our lives.
(802) 433-4008 View (802) 433-4008
Photo of Mark Nash, Counselor in Charlotte, VT
Mark Nash
Counselor, MS, NCC, LCMHC
Verified Verified
Charlotte, VT 05445  (Online Only)
Okay. Here's the thing. Nobody really knows how therapy works, or why some people get better with one approach and some another. What we do know is that if you connect with your therapist, and if you really commit to digging in and doing the work, healing and change can happen, and things can get better. And I can help you with that. I'll listen to you. I'll pay close attention. I'll meet you where you're at, with empathy and compassion and even some humor. And I'll tell you the truth.
Okay. Here's the thing. Nobody really knows how therapy works, or why some people get better with one approach and some another. What we do know is that if you connect with your therapist, and if you really commit to digging in and doing the work, healing and change can happen, and things can get better. And I can help you with that. I'll listen to you. I'll pay close attention. I'll meet you where you're at, with empathy and compassion and even some humor. And I'll tell you the truth.
(802) 242-4014 View (802) 242-4014
Photo of Dr. Richelle Dadian, Psychologist in Charlotte, VT
Dr. Richelle Dadian
Psychologist, PsyD, LP, CST
Verified Verified
Charlotte, VT 05445  (Online Only)
​​You've been experiencing sexual issues recently or maybe even for some time. You may be experiencing erectile difficulties or pain during sex. You’ve tried everything you’ve found on the internet but still, it's not working how you want. It's frustrating, isolating, infuriating, and confusing. It may even be difficult to remember a time when things didn’t feel this way. But now, you’re ready for some relief. You’re ready to break the pattern and have your body and brain on the same page. You're ready for a more fulfilled sex life. And most of all, you’re ready to feel more connected in your sexuality!
​​You've been experiencing sexual issues recently or maybe even for some time. You may be experiencing erectile difficulties or pain during sex. You’ve tried everything you’ve found on the internet but still, it's not working how you want. It's frustrating, isolating, infuriating, and confusing. It may even be difficult to remember a time when things didn’t feel this way. But now, you’re ready for some relief. You’re ready to break the pattern and have your body and brain on the same page. You're ready for a more fulfilled sex life. And most of all, you’re ready to feel more connected in your sexuality!
(305) 363-7677 View (305) 363-7677
Photo of Jill Sayre Wolcott, Counselor in Charlotte, VT
Jill Sayre Wolcott
Counselor, MA, LCMHC
Verified Verified
Charlotte, VT 05445
Earth school isn't easy. It brings up all kinds of feelings that can be intense, frightening and painful. We all benefit from being in the presence of someone who can support us to be with those feelings, to allow them and learn from them. Someone who can remind us of our own wisdom and how to follow it.
Earth school isn't easy. It brings up all kinds of feelings that can be intense, frightening and painful. We all benefit from being in the presence of someone who can support us to be with those feelings, to allow them and learn from them. Someone who can remind us of our own wisdom and how to follow it.
(802) 397-9265 View (802) 397-9265
Photo of Michelle Coes, Counselor in Charlotte, VT
Michelle Coes
Counselor, MA, LMHC, LCMHC
Verified Verified
Charlotte, VT 05445
Even in the best of times, life transitions can feel overwhelming. Anxiety may feel unmanageable, or depressive symptoms may have you feeling "stuck." Our past experiences shape who we are and how we interact with the world, and those patterns may not serve us anymore. All parents struggle from time to time, and teens are under more pressure than ever these days, making coping as a teen or a parent of a teen difficult at times. The past years with COVID may have changed your perspective on life, or altered your priorities.
Even in the best of times, life transitions can feel overwhelming. Anxiety may feel unmanageable, or depressive symptoms may have you feeling "stuck." Our past experiences shape who we are and how we interact with the world, and those patterns may not serve us anymore. All parents struggle from time to time, and teens are under more pressure than ever these days, making coping as a teen or a parent of a teen difficult at times. The past years with COVID may have changed your perspective on life, or altered your priorities.
(561) 821-3313 View (561) 821-3313
Photo of Brittney Schultz, Licensed Professional Counselor in Charlotte, VT
Brittney Schultz
Licensed Professional Counselor, MAC, BSP, LPC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Charlotte, VT 05445
It is my priority to create a therapeutic atmosphere that promotes growth & positive change. I am thrilled to extend a warm welcome to individuals seeking support and positive change. It is my passion & mission to provide a safe, compassionate environment where you can explore, discover & navigate your unique journey towards well-being. Together, we'll embark on a collaborative process tailored to your needs, fostering resilience, self-discovery & the empowerment to embrace life's challenges. I look forward to the opportunity to work with you on your path to healing & personal transformation, while offering a supportive environment.
It is my priority to create a therapeutic atmosphere that promotes growth & positive change. I am thrilled to extend a warm welcome to individuals seeking support and positive change. It is my passion & mission to provide a safe, compassionate environment where you can explore, discover & navigate your unique journey towards well-being. Together, we'll embark on a collaborative process tailored to your needs, fostering resilience, self-discovery & the empowerment to embrace life's challenges. I look forward to the opportunity to work with you on your path to healing & personal transformation, while offering a supportive environment.
(262) 383-4787 View (262) 383-4787
Photo of Rae Anne Barry, Psychologist in Charlotte, VT
Rae Anne Barry
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Charlotte, VT 05445
Waitlist for new clients
I work with a person to identify their concerns , to help them solve their presenting difficulty's. People are often surprised that they can solve a problem much more quickly than they expected. I tailor my approach to the needs of the individual.
I work with a person to identify their concerns , to help them solve their presenting difficulty's. People are often surprised that they can solve a problem much more quickly than they expected. I tailor my approach to the needs of the individual.
(802) 526-6130 View (802) 526-6130
Photo of Barbara Boutsikaris, Counselor in Charlotte, VT
Barbara Boutsikaris
Counselor, MS, LCMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Charlotte, VT 05445
Waitlist for new clients
For over three decades I have counseled individuals, couples and families. I love my work. I am a Vermont Licensed Clinical Mental Health Counselor, Supervisor, Consultant, Adjunct Professor, Keynote/Workshop Presenter and Non-Denominational Minister. Informed by Family Systems Theory, Relational Life Therapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, I will stay curious and interested in your work, give you my undivided attention, communicate understanding, witness your feelings, challenge your stressful beliefs, provide direction and support, and believe in your ability to think and act in new ways.
For over three decades I have counseled individuals, couples and families. I love my work. I am a Vermont Licensed Clinical Mental Health Counselor, Supervisor, Consultant, Adjunct Professor, Keynote/Workshop Presenter and Non-Denominational Minister. Informed by Family Systems Theory, Relational Life Therapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, I will stay curious and interested in your work, give you my undivided attention, communicate understanding, witness your feelings, challenge your stressful beliefs, provide direction and support, and believe in your ability to think and act in new ways.
(802) 490-3890 View (802) 490-3890
Photo of Corrine Mertz, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Charlotte, VT
Corrine Mertz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Charlotte, VT 05445
Tuesday late AM Bristol/virtual opening: I work with children, teens, families, and adults who are ready to heal from trauma and build healthy relationships. As a Queer therapist, I'm skilled in supporting marginalized people to build self-worth and live with a greater sense of wellbeing amidst systems that undermine our inherent value. Working with me is what it sounds like: having a guide for you, your child, and partner(s) in building more loving, functional, and liberating relationships with yourself and others. With adults and teens, I utilize an evidence-based modality based in neuroscience called Brainspotting to heal trauma.
Tuesday late AM Bristol/virtual opening: I work with children, teens, families, and adults who are ready to heal from trauma and build healthy relationships. As a Queer therapist, I'm skilled in supporting marginalized people to build self-worth and live with a greater sense of wellbeing amidst systems that undermine our inherent value. Working with me is what it sounds like: having a guide for you, your child, and partner(s) in building more loving, functional, and liberating relationships with yourself and others. With adults and teens, I utilize an evidence-based modality based in neuroscience called Brainspotting to heal trauma.
(802) 222-0436 View (802) 222-0436
Photo of Kirsten Lesch, Marriage & Family Therapist in Charlotte, VT
Kirsten Lesch
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Charlotte, VT 05445
It's your life. It's important. Figuring things out for yourself doesn't mean you must do it alone. Therapy helps reconnect to fundamentals, grow from pain, and cultivate wellness. Your therapist is your partner on the journey. We help you build pathways, forge deeper connections, build relationships, and live authentically. We tune into the core of the matter and acknowledge the impacts of your history and society.
It's your life. It's important. Figuring things out for yourself doesn't mean you must do it alone. Therapy helps reconnect to fundamentals, grow from pain, and cultivate wellness. Your therapist is your partner on the journey. We help you build pathways, forge deeper connections, build relationships, and live authentically. We tune into the core of the matter and acknowledge the impacts of your history and society.
(802) 210-3802 View (802) 210-3802
Photo of Dominic Foti, Counselor in Charlotte, VT
Dominic Foti
Counselor, LCMHC, MA
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Charlotte, VT 05445
I believe that owning responsibility for ourselves, and choosing how to respond to our circumstances, is the best path to authentic self-empowerment. While initially uncomfortable, this approach ultimately increases self-confidence, improves relationships, and generates resilience and adaptability to life's challenges. With these concepts in mind, I work closely with clients who want to slow down, assess their situation, identify choice-points, and take action.
I believe that owning responsibility for ourselves, and choosing how to respond to our circumstances, is the best path to authentic self-empowerment. While initially uncomfortable, this approach ultimately increases self-confidence, improves relationships, and generates resilience and adaptability to life's challenges. With these concepts in mind, I work closely with clients who want to slow down, assess their situation, identify choice-points, and take action.
(802) 200-2503 View (802) 200-2503
Photo of Marriage Quest, Psychologist in Charlotte, VT
Marriage Quest
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Charlotte, VT 05445
Is your marriage in trouble? Have you been trying to find a good solution and haven't found the right help yet? No one is ever taught how to be in a healthy romantic relationship, so it's not surprising that 50% of marriages end in divorce while another 30% of couples report significant challenges. If you have been struggling with communication issues, resentment, an affair, or a sexless marriage, then I can help. Unfortunately, almost half of the couples who get divorced report they regret it later. So before you make such an important decision about your future, let me help you give your marriage the best chance at success.
Is your marriage in trouble? Have you been trying to find a good solution and haven't found the right help yet? No one is ever taught how to be in a healthy romantic relationship, so it's not surprising that 50% of marriages end in divorce while another 30% of couples report significant challenges. If you have been struggling with communication issues, resentment, an affair, or a sexless marriage, then I can help. Unfortunately, almost half of the couples who get divorced report they regret it later. So before you make such an important decision about your future, let me help you give your marriage the best chance at success.
(802) 300-3609 View (802) 300-3609
Photo of Susan Davis, Pre-Licensed Professional in Charlotte, VT
Susan Davis
Pre-Licensed Professional, MSW, RMT, RM
Verified Verified
Charlotte, VT 05445
Many people look for a counselor when they recognize repeating patterns that aren't serving them well. They seek to understand how they got there. This pattern could be depression, overeating, low self-esteem, difficult relationships, parenting issues, body image, etc. I can provide assistance toward understanding and improving your patterns by helping you to reframe and overcome challenges you face through a positive lens. We can explore an array of informed, viable solutions, illuminating and reinforcing support systems, identifying and evaluating coping tools, their efficacy, and gaining new ones.
Many people look for a counselor when they recognize repeating patterns that aren't serving them well. They seek to understand how they got there. This pattern could be depression, overeating, low self-esteem, difficult relationships, parenting issues, body image, etc. I can provide assistance toward understanding and improving your patterns by helping you to reframe and overcome challenges you face through a positive lens. We can explore an array of informed, viable solutions, illuminating and reinforcing support systems, identifying and evaluating coping tools, their efficacy, and gaining new ones.
View
Photo of Kate Littlefield, Counselor in Charlotte, VT
Kate Littlefield
Counselor, LCMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Charlotte, VT 05445
If getting pregnant is harder than expected, parenting isn't what you thought it would be, you are struggling and don't know why, feeling nervous or anxious, missing your life before the baby(ies), struggling with scary thoughts, feeling disconnected from your partner and/or those around you, I can help. Whether it's your first child or your third, whether you gave birth or adopted, sometimes the transition into parenthood or parenting changes can catch us off guard. That's where I come in. I am here for you and we'll figure it out together.
If getting pregnant is harder than expected, parenting isn't what you thought it would be, you are struggling and don't know why, feeling nervous or anxious, missing your life before the baby(ies), struggling with scary thoughts, feeling disconnected from your partner and/or those around you, I can help. Whether it's your first child or your third, whether you gave birth or adopted, sometimes the transition into parenthood or parenting changes can catch us off guard. That's where I come in. I am here for you and we'll figure it out together.
(802) 494-4956 View (802) 494-4956
Photo of Matt Tucker, Pre-Licensed Professional in Charlotte, VT
Matt Tucker
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
Charlotte, VT 05445
Everyone has their own path in life and their own meanings to make from their experiences. I believe therapy is a place to uncover your inherent capacity for healing and explore what is authentic and meaningful for you. Together, we will explore your patterns of relationship with others and create new ways of being. Through the therapeutic relationship, you get to explore all parts of yourself and find your agency as a human in this world.
Everyone has their own path in life and their own meanings to make from their experiences. I believe therapy is a place to uncover your inherent capacity for healing and explore what is authentic and meaningful for you. Together, we will explore your patterns of relationship with others and create new ways of being. Through the therapeutic relationship, you get to explore all parts of yourself and find your agency as a human in this world.
(802) 242-8784 View (802) 242-8784

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Towanda Geary, Pre-Licensed Professional in Charlotte, VT
Towanda Geary
Pre-Licensed Professional, RN, BSN, MA
Verified Verified
Shelburne, VT 05482
My work as an Emotional Support Life Coach is enhanced by my background in psychotherapy and nursing. It brings a progressive approach to self-healing. Using a myriad of techniques including hypnotherapy, EMDR, Reiki and Neuro-Linguistic Programming, I work with individuals and families to identify personal strengths locked behind negative energy. I work to empower others to discover their truth, harmonize personal healing and define a positive pathway to life-long happiness. I specialize in treating trauma due to abuse, neglect, domestic violence, anger, anxiety, depression, grief and difficult relationships.
My work as an Emotional Support Life Coach is enhanced by my background in psychotherapy and nursing. It brings a progressive approach to self-healing. Using a myriad of techniques including hypnotherapy, EMDR, Reiki and Neuro-Linguistic Programming, I work with individuals and families to identify personal strengths locked behind negative energy. I work to empower others to discover their truth, harmonize personal healing and define a positive pathway to life-long happiness. I specialize in treating trauma due to abuse, neglect, domestic violence, anger, anxiety, depression, grief and difficult relationships.
(802) 821-4615 View (802) 821-4615
Photo of Mary Jane Dieter, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Charlotte, VT
Mary Jane Dieter
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LICSW, CPCC, ACC
Verified Verified
Burlington, VT 05401  (Online Only)
Many of us have strong critical voices in our heads, telling us: "Get it right! Achieve more! Work harder! That was stupid! Lose weight! Quit drinking so much! Stop being selfish! Stop caring about what others think! Again? - Haven’t you learned by now!" You are familiar with the tapes that run in your head and keep you ruminating about your mistakes or worrying about the future. In Internal Family Systems (IFS) therapy, we recognize these messages as different aspects of our personality, or “parts” of us, who perhaps lead us to experiences of feeling anxious, depressed, or behaving harmfully to ourselves and others.
Many of us have strong critical voices in our heads, telling us: "Get it right! Achieve more! Work harder! That was stupid! Lose weight! Quit drinking so much! Stop being selfish! Stop caring about what others think! Again? - Haven’t you learned by now!" You are familiar with the tapes that run in your head and keep you ruminating about your mistakes or worrying about the future. In Internal Family Systems (IFS) therapy, we recognize these messages as different aspects of our personality, or “parts” of us, who perhaps lead us to experiences of feeling anxious, depressed, or behaving harmfully to ourselves and others.
(415) 851-6793 View (415) 851-6793

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Charlotte, VT

10+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Charlotte, VT who prioritize treating:

89% Anxiety
83% Relationship Issues
83% Stress
67% Self Esteem
67% Life Transitions
61% Depression
61% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

92% BlueCross and BlueShield
67% Medicaid
58% MVP Health Care

How Therapists in Charlotte, VT see their clients

84% In Person and Online
16% Online Only

Gender breakdown

82% Female
18% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Charlotte?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.