Therapists in Bellows Falls, VT

Photo of Sarah Buckingham, Pre-Licensed Professional in Bellows Falls, VT
Sarah Buckingham
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bellows Falls, VT 05101
Counseling is a professional relationship in which I do my best to provide the relational conditions that will optimally support your inner work and self-inquiry. I will strive to provide unconditional positive regard, therapeutic listening, reflection and attunement. Most importantly, as your counselor I will give you empathy. Empathic attunement allows for co-regulation for our nervous systems, reparative experiences for our attachment wounds, and healing attention for the neglected parts of ourselves.
Counseling is a professional relationship in which I do my best to provide the relational conditions that will optimally support your inner work and self-inquiry. I will strive to provide unconditional positive regard, therapeutic listening, reflection and attunement. Most importantly, as your counselor I will give you empathy. Empathic attunement allows for co-regulation for our nervous systems, reparative experiences for our attachment wounds, and healing attention for the neglected parts of ourselves.
(802) 255-8562 View (802) 255-8562
Photo of Christopher Hinds, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Bellows Falls, VT
Christopher Hinds
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, ACSW
Verified Verified
Bellows Falls, VT 05101
I am a firm, sensitive and client-focused therapist with many years of experience helping young people and adults from all types of backgrounds throughout the Northeast and Southeast. I received my MSW from Boston University, with advanced clinical training at the Yale University School of Medicine; where I was selected to work as a Family Therapist at the Yale Psychiatric Institute; a pre-eminent teaching hospital; when I was 32. I help clients with individual, family and/or marital and relationship issues, mental health and serious mounting chemical dependency problems.
I am a firm, sensitive and client-focused therapist with many years of experience helping young people and adults from all types of backgrounds throughout the Northeast and Southeast. I received my MSW from Boston University, with advanced clinical training at the Yale University School of Medicine; where I was selected to work as a Family Therapist at the Yale Psychiatric Institute; a pre-eminent teaching hospital; when I was 32. I help clients with individual, family and/or marital and relationship issues, mental health and serious mounting chemical dependency problems.
(802) 644-3688 View (802) 644-3688
Photo of Maggie Comparetta, Marriage & Family Therapist in Bellows Falls, VT
Maggie Comparetta
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Bellows Falls, VT 05101
I am a seasoned therapist of over 20 plus years in private practice, that works with a broad client base such as individual adults, teens, and children but specialize with couples work and family therapy. I am certified in Imago Relationships International. I work with grief and loss for individuals, couples and families. I am certified in Grief and Loss as an educator, training with David Kessler. I am also certified in International work with clients who have gone through war and work with clients that are from the Middle East, Turkey, and Bosnia. I do not specialize working with LGBTQ clients.
I am a seasoned therapist of over 20 plus years in private practice, that works with a broad client base such as individual adults, teens, and children but specialize with couples work and family therapy. I am certified in Imago Relationships International. I work with grief and loss for individuals, couples and families. I am certified in Grief and Loss as an educator, training with David Kessler. I am also certified in International work with clients who have gone through war and work with clients that are from the Middle East, Turkey, and Bosnia. I do not specialize working with LGBTQ clients.
(802) 870-0708 View (802) 870-0708
Photo of Holiday Eames, Counselor in Bellows Falls, VT
Holiday Eames
Counselor, LCMHC, NCC
Verified Verified
Bellows Falls, VT 05101  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
As Annie Dillard wrote, "How we spend our days is of course how we spend our lives." Being able to find gratitude, peace and fulfillment in the present moment is more powerful than chasing a future that might be ideal. Finding joy is a practice that starts by taking the time to figure out what is getting in the way. Once these challenges are identified, you and I can make a plan together to learn and practice skills and strategies to overcome those obstacles and create change.
As Annie Dillard wrote, "How we spend our days is of course how we spend our lives." Being able to find gratitude, peace and fulfillment in the present moment is more powerful than chasing a future that might be ideal. Finding joy is a practice that starts by taking the time to figure out what is getting in the way. Once these challenges are identified, you and I can make a plan together to learn and practice skills and strategies to overcome those obstacles and create change.
(802) 289-0263 View (802) 289-0263
Photo of N. Arielle Cohn, Counselor in Bellows Falls, VT
N. Arielle Cohn
Counselor, MS
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Bellows Falls, VT 05101
Drawing from evidence-based and holistic therapy practices, I support people of all ages, children, teens, families and adults, in handling stress, emotions, distressing thoughts, and limiting beliefs. As you move towards your values and goals through mind-body-based treatments, you will develop self-kindness, acceptance, inner strength, improved communication, boundaries, and empowerment along the way. Whether you are navigating challenging relationships, difficult life circumstances, life transitions, grief, loss, trauma, anxiety, depression, suffering, or a desire to change your lifestyle or career, I will meet you where you are.
Drawing from evidence-based and holistic therapy practices, I support people of all ages, children, teens, families and adults, in handling stress, emotions, distressing thoughts, and limiting beliefs. As you move towards your values and goals through mind-body-based treatments, you will develop self-kindness, acceptance, inner strength, improved communication, boundaries, and empowerment along the way. Whether you are navigating challenging relationships, difficult life circumstances, life transitions, grief, loss, trauma, anxiety, depression, suffering, or a desire to change your lifestyle or career, I will meet you where you are.
(802) 823-8944 View (802) 823-8944
Photo of Morgan Leichter-Saxby in Bellows Falls, VT
Morgan Leichter-Saxby
PhD, MA
Verified Verified
Bellows Falls, VT 05101
I work primarily with children, and people who care for children while struggling with issues of self-regulation, motivation and burn-out. Whether activated by issues from your own childhood, or navigating complexities of practice, I can help you reflect and transform how you show up at work and in your creative life. Reconnect with what you love, and have more available for others!
I work primarily with children, and people who care for children while struggling with issues of self-regulation, motivation and burn-out. Whether activated by issues from your own childhood, or navigating complexities of practice, I can help you reflect and transform how you show up at work and in your creative life. Reconnect with what you love, and have more available for others!
(802) 424-9993 View (802) 424-9993
Photo of Laura Hoskins, Counselor in Bellows Falls, VT
Laura Hoskins
Counselor, MA, LCMHC, NCC
Verified Verified
Bellows Falls, VT 05101
I have experience and expertise in working with adoptive children and families, particularly around attachment disorders. My practice has shown me that I have a particular skill with pre-teens and adolescents. Clients in the LGBTQ and alternative lifestyles communities will find an open-minded and welcoming presence in working with me. I especially enjoy working with transgender teens and young adults. I seek to help empower clients to find inner resources to fulfill their life goals and duly face life's challenges.
I have experience and expertise in working with adoptive children and families, particularly around attachment disorders. My practice has shown me that I have a particular skill with pre-teens and adolescents. Clients in the LGBTQ and alternative lifestyles communities will find an open-minded and welcoming presence in working with me. I especially enjoy working with transgender teens and young adults. I seek to help empower clients to find inner resources to fulfill their life goals and duly face life's challenges.
(802) 427-7315 View (802) 427-7315
Photo of Diane Leardi, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Bellows Falls, VT
Diane Leardi
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Bellows Falls, VT 05101  (Online Only)
I am eclectic in my clinical philosophy and treatment approach, drawing from psychodynamic theories,transpersonal theories and energy psychology. My focus of interest and expertise is working with trauma, depression, anxiety, stress disorders, parent-child problems, relationship issues,family and divorce mediation, transpersonal and psycho-spiritual issues.
I am eclectic in my clinical philosophy and treatment approach, drawing from psychodynamic theories,transpersonal theories and energy psychology. My focus of interest and expertise is working with trauma, depression, anxiety, stress disorders, parent-child problems, relationship issues,family and divorce mediation, transpersonal and psycho-spiritual issues.
(802) 490-3101 View (802) 490-3101
Photo of Jill Neitlich, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Bellows Falls, VT
Jill Neitlich
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Bellows Falls, VT 05101
Not accepting new clients
I work with people who are on a journey of self-discovery and healing. My mind-body approach encourages people to develop a deeper and more compassionate relationship with their body and true self. With 30 years experience, I offer an effective combination of healing modalities and skills, including Internal Family Systems (IFS) and EMDR, which help you release the defenses and wounds of the past, and resolve inner conflicts. As you end the struggle with yourself, you can create a greater sense of inner peace and ease in your life.
I work with people who are on a journey of self-discovery and healing. My mind-body approach encourages people to develop a deeper and more compassionate relationship with their body and true self. With 30 years experience, I offer an effective combination of healing modalities and skills, including Internal Family Systems (IFS) and EMDR, which help you release the defenses and wounds of the past, and resolve inner conflicts. As you end the struggle with yourself, you can create a greater sense of inner peace and ease in your life.
(802) 560-4221 View (802) 560-4221
Photo of Diane Hicks, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Bellows Falls, VT
Diane Hicks
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Bellows Falls, VT 05101  (Online Only)
Every one of us is capable of deeply shifting our experience to ultimately live the life we most want. While life events can take us off track, the way we meet those unfolding moments creates our path. Too often we harden, and as we armor ourselves we become cut off from our own extraordinary inner healing capacities. Habitual thoughts and behaviors manifest in response to painful and difficult experiences, clouding our ability to truly see without constraint. We all have the ability to cut through those clouds, to feel more awake and alive, and to become the best version of ourselves.
Every one of us is capable of deeply shifting our experience to ultimately live the life we most want. While life events can take us off track, the way we meet those unfolding moments creates our path. Too often we harden, and as we armor ourselves we become cut off from our own extraordinary inner healing capacities. Habitual thoughts and behaviors manifest in response to painful and difficult experiences, clouding our ability to truly see without constraint. We all have the ability to cut through those clouds, to feel more awake and alive, and to become the best version of ourselves.
(413) 402-6878 View (413) 402-6878
Photo of Norm Skorstad, Counselor in Bellows Falls, VT
Norm Skorstad
Counselor, MA, LCMHC
Verified Verified
Bellows Falls, VT 05101
Not accepting new clients
I work collaboratively with adults and children dealing with issues such as trauma and loss, ADHD, anxiety and depression, and chronic pain, utilizing a pragmatic strength-based approach. Certified in EMDR, I also draw upon other mind-body modalities, such as Mindfulness Meditation, DBT, and attachment theory. My approach is grounded in spirituality and informed by over 30 years of participating in and leading mens groups. And it is characterized by a compassionate problem-solving attitude, and fueled by dogged determination and persistant stick-to-it-iveness. I teach clients stress-reduction techniques they can practice at home.
I work collaboratively with adults and children dealing with issues such as trauma and loss, ADHD, anxiety and depression, and chronic pain, utilizing a pragmatic strength-based approach. Certified in EMDR, I also draw upon other mind-body modalities, such as Mindfulness Meditation, DBT, and attachment theory. My approach is grounded in spirituality and informed by over 30 years of participating in and leading mens groups. And it is characterized by a compassionate problem-solving attitude, and fueled by dogged determination and persistant stick-to-it-iveness. I teach clients stress-reduction techniques they can practice at home.
(802) 257-0700 View (802) 257-0700
Photo of Patty Krasner, Counselor in Bellows Falls, VT
Patty Krasner
Counselor, MA, LCMHC
Verified Verified
Bellows Falls, VT 05101  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I've worked as a psychotherapist for over 36 years and I aim to make my office setting a comfortable and safe place for clients to examine their problems, fears, and concerns. I work collaboratively with people to problem solve and understand their needs in psychotherapy.
I've worked as a psychotherapist for over 36 years and I aim to make my office setting a comfortable and safe place for clients to examine their problems, fears, and concerns. I work collaboratively with people to problem solve and understand their needs in psychotherapy.
(802) 579-7341 View (802) 579-7341
Photo of Sheenagh Donato, Marriage & Family Therapist in Bellows Falls, VT
Sheenagh Donato
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Bellows Falls, VT 05101
At this time I have no availability. I offer a safe, non judgmental and caring environment in which you can feel comfortable expressing your needs and desires for your future. I believe that you are the "expert" on your life and have the answers within you. My skill is helping you unearth and use these skills to move forward and feel more at ease and develop a healthy sense of self and direction in life. Being aware of our thoughts feelings and emotions can help us to stop being in an automatic loop and live our life with intention and purpose.
At this time I have no availability. I offer a safe, non judgmental and caring environment in which you can feel comfortable expressing your needs and desires for your future. I believe that you are the "expert" on your life and have the answers within you. My skill is helping you unearth and use these skills to move forward and feel more at ease and develop a healthy sense of self and direction in life. Being aware of our thoughts feelings and emotions can help us to stop being in an automatic loop and live our life with intention and purpose.
(603) 547-9262 View (603) 547-9262
Photo of Coleen Lawlor, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Bellows Falls, VT
Coleen Lawlor
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, SPP, EMDR
Verified Verified
Bellows Falls, VT 05101
Not accepting new clients
In my practice I see people dealing with a wide variety of challenges. I have a practice of general psychotherapy with a focus on trauma. I have been certified in EMDR therapy and have additional training and experience in adapting EMDR therapy for the treatment of a wide range of issues including: first responders, anxiety, dissociative disorders, and complex post-traumatic stress. My basic understanding is that people have an innate capacity to grow and heal. As a therapist I see my job as helping to create a safe space in which a person can explore their challenge & choose the interventions that help them achieve their goals.
In my practice I see people dealing with a wide variety of challenges. I have a practice of general psychotherapy with a focus on trauma. I have been certified in EMDR therapy and have additional training and experience in adapting EMDR therapy for the treatment of a wide range of issues including: first responders, anxiety, dissociative disorders, and complex post-traumatic stress. My basic understanding is that people have an innate capacity to grow and heal. As a therapist I see my job as helping to create a safe space in which a person can explore their challenge & choose the interventions that help them achieve their goals.
(802) 473-3266 View (802) 473-3266
Photo of Roberta L Paley, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Bellows Falls, VT
Roberta L Paley
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Bellows Falls, VT 05101
VT MEDICAID ACCEPTED. NEW CLIENTS WELCOME! Do you react intensely to others' behavior? Do people say you are oversensitive? Do you sometimes need to withdraw from people to feel safe? A history of emotional wounding could be playing a big part in your distress. But it is often difficult to make the connection. Emotional mistreatment is not like physical or overt sexual abuse, which are episodic and which often leave specific memories. It is more of a pattern of behavior directed towards you that leaves you feeling hurt, alone and uncertain of your place in the world.
VT MEDICAID ACCEPTED. NEW CLIENTS WELCOME! Do you react intensely to others' behavior? Do people say you are oversensitive? Do you sometimes need to withdraw from people to feel safe? A history of emotional wounding could be playing a big part in your distress. But it is often difficult to make the connection. Emotional mistreatment is not like physical or overt sexual abuse, which are episodic and which often leave specific memories. It is more of a pattern of behavior directed towards you that leaves you feeling hurt, alone and uncertain of your place in the world.
(802) 992-1638 View (802) 992-1638
Photo of Alexandra Scarlett, Psychologist in Bellows Falls, VT
Alexandra Scarlett
Psychologist, MA
Verified Verified
Bellows Falls, VT 05101  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
I have had over 20 years of experience in private practice treating children, adults, families and couples in a rural area. I am well-versed in common issues such as adjustment disorders, depression and anxiety, childhood trauma and substance abuse and recovery.
I have had over 20 years of experience in private practice treating children, adults, families and couples in a rural area. I am well-versed in common issues such as adjustment disorders, depression and anxiety, childhood trauma and substance abuse and recovery.
(802) 424-9683 View (802) 424-9683
Photo of Heather Lander, Counselor in Bellows Falls, VT
Heather Lander
Counselor, M, S
Verified Verified
Bellows Falls, VT 05101
Waitlist for new clients
I believe that everyone has the ability to heal and find their happiness in life. At times, we experience an event or events that may impact us in a way that we are unsure how to deal with and this can manifest in many ways. Whether you are a child coping with anxiety, trauma, or big emotions, or an adult struggling with a life change or mental health concerns, we all deserve empathy and support when tackling those difficult and often uncomfortable topics. It is my goal to create an environment where I am able to support and guide clients in being the best versions of themselves.
I believe that everyone has the ability to heal and find their happiness in life. At times, we experience an event or events that may impact us in a way that we are unsure how to deal with and this can manifest in many ways. Whether you are a child coping with anxiety, trauma, or big emotions, or an adult struggling with a life change or mental health concerns, we all deserve empathy and support when tackling those difficult and often uncomfortable topics. It is my goal to create an environment where I am able to support and guide clients in being the best versions of themselves.
(802) 521-2161 View (802) 521-2161
Photo of Emma Gardner, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Bellows Falls, VT
Emma Gardner
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Bellows Falls, VT 05101
I believe strongly in the power of self-care, self-compassion, and setting boundaries, and that these are often missing elements when one is struggling. I have experience and enjoy working with people with physical disabilities. The first part of my career was as a hospice social worker for 9 years, supporting many individuals and families throughout their experiences with death, dying, and grieving. This has included individuals with terminal illnesses, as well as loved ones struggling with death and loss, and caregivers. I love working with new human services professionals as well.
I believe strongly in the power of self-care, self-compassion, and setting boundaries, and that these are often missing elements when one is struggling. I have experience and enjoy working with people with physical disabilities. The first part of my career was as a hospice social worker for 9 years, supporting many individuals and families throughout their experiences with death, dying, and grieving. This has included individuals with terminal illnesses, as well as loved ones struggling with death and loss, and caregivers. I love working with new human services professionals as well.
(802) 441-6472 View (802) 441-6472
Photo of Aliona Manvae in Bellows Falls, VT
Aliona Manvae
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bellows Falls, VT 05101
I believe a lack of self-love perpetuates a lack of care about the world, I believe our Inner World - how we experience healing and how we live in joy - is very important in the mission to make the world a better place. I am a coach in Conscious Human Evolution and guide you through various tools and techniques to re-Love yourself, re-Connect with joy and passion in life. I cannot heal you - but I will offer you tools and support and guidance as you are taking the steps to heal yourself.
I believe a lack of self-love perpetuates a lack of care about the world, I believe our Inner World - how we experience healing and how we live in joy - is very important in the mission to make the world a better place. I am a coach in Conscious Human Evolution and guide you through various tools and techniques to re-Love yourself, re-Connect with joy and passion in life. I cannot heal you - but I will offer you tools and support and guidance as you are taking the steps to heal yourself.
(802) 618-6914 View (802) 618-6914
Photo of Crissy Webster Counseling Services LLC, Counselor in Bellows Falls, VT
Crissy Webster Counseling Services LLC
Counselor, MA, LCMHC, NCC
Verified Verified
Bellows Falls, VT 05101
Crissy Webster Counseling Services LLC is a small private practice located in Springfield, VT. I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor who holds licensure in the states of VT and NH, as well as nationally certified through the National Board of Certified Counselors. I see clients of all ages. We have a specialty in Juvenile Firesetting Assessments and Treatment, as well as, adult and adolescent anger management. Through my education and experiences, weI also have knowledge in the areas of Family Systems Model, Trauma Informed Education Practices, ARC, HNC, Parent Training, and perform Trauma Informed Mental Health Evaluations.
Crissy Webster Counseling Services LLC is a small private practice located in Springfield, VT. I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor who holds licensure in the states of VT and NH, as well as nationally certified through the National Board of Certified Counselors. I see clients of all ages. We have a specialty in Juvenile Firesetting Assessments and Treatment, as well as, adult and adolescent anger management. Through my education and experiences, weI also have knowledge in the areas of Family Systems Model, Trauma Informed Education Practices, ARC, HNC, Parent Training, and perform Trauma Informed Mental Health Evaluations.
(802) 952-8671 View (802) 952-8671

See more therapy options for Bellows Falls

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Bellows Falls, VT

20+

Average cost per session

$100

Therapists in Bellows Falls, VT who prioritize treating:

88% Depression
83% Anxiety
79% Self Esteem
75% Relationship Issues
75% Trauma and PTSD
67% Grief
58% Spirituality

Average years in practice

16 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

86% BlueCross and BlueShield
81% Medicaid
62% MVP Health Care

How Therapists in Bellows Falls, VT see their clients

80% In Person and Online
20% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
12% Male
8% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Bellows Falls?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.