Therapists in Manassas Park, VA

Photo of Ricky Coston, MA, Pre-Licensed Professional
Ricky Coston
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified Verified
Manassas Park, VA 20111  (Online Only)
Ricky Coston Jr. is a member of the National Board for Certified Counselors, the American School Counselor Association, and the Virginia School Counselor Association. He has several years of experience working with adolescents and families mostly in the school setting. In 2012, Ricky earned his B.A. in Psychology and B.A. in Philosophy from The College of William and Mary. In 2014 Ricky earned his M.Ed in School Counseling from The College of William and Mary. Ricky relies heavily on Person-Centered Therapy, Solution-Focused Brief Therapy, and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.
Ricky Coston Jr. is a member of the National Board for Certified Counselors, the American School Counselor Association, and the Virginia School Counselor Association. He has several years of experience working with adolescents and families mostly in the school setting. In 2012, Ricky earned his B.A. in Psychology and B.A. in Philosophy from The College of William and Mary. In 2014 Ricky earned his M.Ed in School Counseling from The College of William and Mary. Ricky relies heavily on Person-Centered Therapy, Solution-Focused Brief Therapy, and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.
(571) 568-7395 View (571) 568-7395
Photo of Andrew Morton, MEd, RIC, Pre-Licensed Professional
Andrew Morton
Pre-Licensed Professional, MEd, RIC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Manassas Park, VA 20111
I am a Resident in Counseling approved by the Virginia Board of Counseling working towards becoming a Licensed Professional Counselor. After a twenty-one-year military career I now serve as both a mental health therapist and advocate - committed to mental health initiatives and access across all populations. No matter the origin or circumstances- trauma, transitions, and the everyday challenges within our lives can be debilitating- keeping us from achieving the fulfilling lives we deserve.
I am a Resident in Counseling approved by the Virginia Board of Counseling working towards becoming a Licensed Professional Counselor. After a twenty-one-year military career I now serve as both a mental health therapist and advocate - committed to mental health initiatives and access across all populations. No matter the origin or circumstances- trauma, transitions, and the everyday challenges within our lives can be debilitating- keeping us from achieving the fulfilling lives we deserve.
(571) 556-9759 View (571) 556-9759
Photo of Eugenia Stokes, MA, Pre-Licensed Professional
Eugenia Stokes
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Manassas Park, VA 20111
I am a Resident in Counseling approved by the Virginia Board of Counseling working towards my licensure. I graduated with my Masters' degree in Community Counseling from Regent University. I have previously worked with children, adolescents, teens, young adults, and adults. Additionally, I have a passion for working with couples and families. I have worked with individuals experiencing ADHD, anxiety, behavioral issues, depression, life transitions, marital and relationship issues, suicidal ideation, and trauma.
I am a Resident in Counseling approved by the Virginia Board of Counseling working towards my licensure. I graduated with my Masters' degree in Community Counseling from Regent University. I have previously worked with children, adolescents, teens, young adults, and adults. Additionally, I have a passion for working with couples and families. I have worked with individuals experiencing ADHD, anxiety, behavioral issues, depression, life transitions, marital and relationship issues, suicidal ideation, and trauma.
(571) 556-3636 View (571) 556-3636
Photo of Denise Whetstone, MA, Pre-Licensed Professional
Denise Whetstone
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Manassas Park, VA 20111
I am a Resident in Counseling, approved by the VA Board of Counseling, working towards licensure. I earned my Master’s in Counseling from Wake Forest University. I have previously worked at a community counseling center on a military base servicing active-duty military, veterans and their dependents, in addition to working in outpatient private practice. My experience includes working with adults, adolescents, and couples to provide individual, couples, and group therapy services. I have a special passion for working with individuals identifying as BIPOC and other marginalized communities.
I am a Resident in Counseling, approved by the VA Board of Counseling, working towards licensure. I earned my Master’s in Counseling from Wake Forest University. I have previously worked at a community counseling center on a military base servicing active-duty military, veterans and their dependents, in addition to working in outpatient private practice. My experience includes working with adults, adolescents, and couples to provide individual, couples, and group therapy services. I have a special passion for working with individuals identifying as BIPOC and other marginalized communities.
(571) 497-4620 View (571) 497-4620
Photo of Karen David, MEd, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Karen David
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Manassas Park, VA 20111
Karen is a Licensed Professional Counselor approved by the Virginia Board of Counseling. She is also a Certified Trauma Professional (CTP). Karen obtained her Master’s in Counseling and Development from George Mason University. She has experience working with children, adolescents, teens, and adults who have experienced trauma, sexual abuse, domestic violence, anxiety, depression, as well as relationship and life adjustments concerns. Karen is passionate about meeting clients wherever they are on their life journey and helping them process the challenges they are facing.
Karen is a Licensed Professional Counselor approved by the Virginia Board of Counseling. She is also a Certified Trauma Professional (CTP). Karen obtained her Master’s in Counseling and Development from George Mason University. She has experience working with children, adolescents, teens, and adults who have experienced trauma, sexual abuse, domestic violence, anxiety, depression, as well as relationship and life adjustments concerns. Karen is passionate about meeting clients wherever they are on their life journey and helping them process the challenges they are facing.
(571) 450-9283 View (571) 450-9283
Photo of Morgan Scribner, MS MFT, EdM, Marriage & Family Therapist Intern
Morgan Scribner
Marriage & Family Therapist Intern, MS MFT, EdM
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Manassas Park, VA 20111
Morgan is committed to cultivating a positive and safe therapeutic environment to support youth clients, families, and couples on their healing journeys. She collaborates with clients to address their unique challenges within systems, working to identify specific needs and tailor plans to strengthen relationships, overcome obstacles, and pursue personal growth and self-discovery.
Morgan is committed to cultivating a positive and safe therapeutic environment to support youth clients, families, and couples on their healing journeys. She collaborates with clients to address their unique challenges within systems, working to identify specific needs and tailor plans to strengthen relationships, overcome obstacles, and pursue personal growth and self-discovery.
(571) 240-4339 View (571) 240-4339
Photo of Kyle Atkins, MA, RIC, Pre-Licensed Professional
Kyle Atkins
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, RIC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Manassas Park, VA 20111
Kyle is Resident in Counseling approved by the Virginia Board of Counseling working towards becoming a Licensed Professional Counselor. He graduated from Liberty University with his Masters in Clinical Mental Health. Kyle has experience working with teens, college students, older adults, and families who have experienced workplace trauma, adjustment problems, divorce, eating disorders, relationship issues, depression, and anxiety.
Kyle is Resident in Counseling approved by the Virginia Board of Counseling working towards becoming a Licensed Professional Counselor. He graduated from Liberty University with his Masters in Clinical Mental Health. Kyle has experience working with teens, college students, older adults, and families who have experienced workplace trauma, adjustment problems, divorce, eating disorders, relationship issues, depression, and anxiety.
(571) 202-7972 View (571) 202-7972
Photo of Teressa Bowman, LPC, PsyD, ACS, Counselor
Teressa Bowman
Counselor, LPC, PsyD, ACS
Verified Verified
Manassas Park, VA 20111  (Online Only)
Thank you for prioritizing your health. At this time I am only accepting clients for Video sessions and Telehealth with availability on Tuesdays, Thursday or Friday . There is no need to wait for a return phone call. You have the option of scheduling an appointment today and viewing my schedule by using this link below. Copy and paste the link into your browser to schedule your first appointment and complete initial paperwork. https://visionhopeandhealing.clientsecure.me
Thank you for prioritizing your health. At this time I am only accepting clients for Video sessions and Telehealth with availability on Tuesdays, Thursday or Friday . There is no need to wait for a return phone call. You have the option of scheduling an appointment today and viewing my schedule by using this link below. Copy and paste the link into your browser to schedule your first appointment and complete initial paperwork. https://visionhopeandhealing.clientsecure.me
(571) 336-0876 View (571) 336-0876
Photo of Sara Ayasso, MSEd, NCC, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Sara Ayasso
Licensed Professional Counselor, MSEd, NCC, LPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Manassas Park, VA 20111
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor approved by the Virginia Board of Counseling. I am board certified by the National Board of Certified Counselors and I currently work under the supervision of MaryAnn Byrne, LPC. I have worked in a variety of settings: communities, schools, residential and outpatient sites and have experience working with diverse clients including adults, children, families, couples, and refugees. I am passionate about helping individuals cultivate their mental health by giving them a holistic plan enabling them to confront and nourish their life mentally, physically, and spiritually.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor approved by the Virginia Board of Counseling. I am board certified by the National Board of Certified Counselors and I currently work under the supervision of MaryAnn Byrne, LPC. I have worked in a variety of settings: communities, schools, residential and outpatient sites and have experience working with diverse clients including adults, children, families, couples, and refugees. I am passionate about helping individuals cultivate their mental health by giving them a holistic plan enabling them to confront and nourish their life mentally, physically, and spiritually.
(571) 621-7443 View (571) 621-7443
Photo of Katie Christian, MEd, Pre-Licensed Professional
Katie Christian
Pre-Licensed Professional, MEd
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Manassas Park, VA 20111
Katie is a Resident in Counseling approved by the Virginia Board of Counseling working towards becoming a Licensed Professional Counselor. She studied psychology at the College of William & Mary and later graduated with her Master’s degree in Counseling and Human Development, with a concentration in clinical mental health, from George Mason University. She spent the duration of her internship working at an inpatient facility, where she provided mental health services to individuals diagnosed with substance abuse disorder, as well as various co-occurring disorders, including PTSD, depression, anxiety, ADD/ADHD, and eating disorders.
Katie is a Resident in Counseling approved by the Virginia Board of Counseling working towards becoming a Licensed Professional Counselor. She studied psychology at the College of William & Mary and later graduated with her Master’s degree in Counseling and Human Development, with a concentration in clinical mental health, from George Mason University. She spent the duration of her internship working at an inpatient facility, where she provided mental health services to individuals diagnosed with substance abuse disorder, as well as various co-occurring disorders, including PTSD, depression, anxiety, ADD/ADHD, and eating disorders.
(571) 568-8804 View (571) 568-8804
Photo of Charnelle Little, Marriage & Family Therapist Intern
Charnelle Little
Marriage & Family Therapist Intern
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Manassas Park, VA 20111
Starting a therapeutic journey can be challenging, but she applauds everyone who takes those first steps in finding the help and assistance that they may need. Every client has different goals and reasonings for seeking therapy. Her goal is to provide a safe space, free of judgement, and one that allows individuals the opportunity to be their most authentic self, in every session. Her interpersonal skills, and ability to conduct interviews, allows her to create that safe and secure environment, fostering positive emotional well-being for clients.
Starting a therapeutic journey can be challenging, but she applauds everyone who takes those first steps in finding the help and assistance that they may need. Every client has different goals and reasonings for seeking therapy. Her goal is to provide a safe space, free of judgement, and one that allows individuals the opportunity to be their most authentic self, in every session. Her interpersonal skills, and ability to conduct interviews, allows her to create that safe and secure environment, fostering positive emotional well-being for clients.
(540) 300-6304 View (540) 300-6304
Photo of Eliza Gallagher, MSEd
Eliza Gallagher
Resident in Counseling, MSEd
Verified Verified
Manassas Park, VA 20111  (Online Only)
I am a Resident in Counseling approved by the Virginia Board of Counseling working towards licensure. I am currently under the supervision of Marla Peyser, LPC. I have previously worked as a school counselor and have worked with young children, teens, young adults, and families. I have experience working with individuals dealing with depression, anxiety, separation, grief & loss, trauma, self-esteem, major life transitions, suicidal thoughts, family systems, conflict resolution, transitions and emotion management.
I am a Resident in Counseling approved by the Virginia Board of Counseling working towards licensure. I am currently under the supervision of Marla Peyser, LPC. I have previously worked as a school counselor and have worked with young children, teens, young adults, and families. I have experience working with individuals dealing with depression, anxiety, separation, grief & loss, trauma, self-esteem, major life transitions, suicidal thoughts, family systems, conflict resolution, transitions and emotion management.
(571) 336-0934 View (571) 336-0934
Photo of Barbara Stephenson, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Barbara Stephenson
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Manassas Park, VA 20111
I work with children, adolescents, adults, couples, and families to help provide healthy coping skills and effective communication. I have experience working with individuals dealing with adjustment issues, anxiety, self-esteem issues, depression, couples and family relational issues, and behavioral problems in adolescents. It is important that I collaborate with each client to help identify and understand their challenges and tailor my therapeutic approach to meet the client’s specific needs and treatment goals.
I work with children, adolescents, adults, couples, and families to help provide healthy coping skills and effective communication. I have experience working with individuals dealing with adjustment issues, anxiety, self-esteem issues, depression, couples and family relational issues, and behavioral problems in adolescents. It is important that I collaborate with each client to help identify and understand their challenges and tailor my therapeutic approach to meet the client’s specific needs and treatment goals.
(571) 364-7554 View (571) 364-7554
Photo of Shree Patel, MEd, Pre-Licensed Professional
Shree Patel
Pre-Licensed Professional, MEd
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Manassas Park, VA 20111
I am a Resident in Counseling approved by the VA Board of Counseling, working towards becoming a Licensed Professional Counselor. I graduated with my Masters' degree in Clinical Mental Health and Addiction Counseling from The College of William & Mary. I have helped teens, college students, and adults experiencing anxiety, substance abuse, stress, low self-esteem, adjustment issues, academic/college struggles, relationship issues, identity development, and racial identity concerns. I have a passion for working with 1st and 2nd generation immigrants, BIPOC and South Asian population.
I am a Resident in Counseling approved by the VA Board of Counseling, working towards becoming a Licensed Professional Counselor. I graduated with my Masters' degree in Clinical Mental Health and Addiction Counseling from The College of William & Mary. I have helped teens, college students, and adults experiencing anxiety, substance abuse, stress, low self-esteem, adjustment issues, academic/college struggles, relationship issues, identity development, and racial identity concerns. I have a passion for working with 1st and 2nd generation immigrants, BIPOC and South Asian population.
(571) 200-7109 View (571) 200-7109
Photo of Kelly Kramer, LPCr, Pre-Licensed Professional
Kelly Kramer
Pre-Licensed Professional, LPCr
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Manassas Park, VA 20111
As a resident in counseling, I’m committed to helping people who have experienced something traumatizing in their life, people who are looking for someone to help them make sense of what has happened to them, or people who feel like they have no one to turn to for support. I have experience working with adults and adolescents who have experienced single instance and chronic trauma, interpersonal trauma, childhood/developmental trauma, domestic violence, sexual trauma, and relationship concerns.
As a resident in counseling, I’m committed to helping people who have experienced something traumatizing in their life, people who are looking for someone to help them make sense of what has happened to them, or people who feel like they have no one to turn to for support. I have experience working with adults and adolescents who have experienced single instance and chronic trauma, interpersonal trauma, childhood/developmental trauma, domestic violence, sexual trauma, and relationship concerns.
(571) 374-1841 View (571) 374-1841
Photo of Kelly Austin - Brookside Family Therapy, MS, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Brookside Family Therapy
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Manassas Park, VA 20111
My first career was as a teacher but I found I wanted to do more to help families, which is why I became a Marriage and Family Therapist. We go through many changes as an individual, as part of a couple and family, and sometimes we need help navigating those changes and making healthier new ones. I believe counseling is based on where you are in your journey, the goals you want to reach, and the things you need to say. My job is to help you figure out how to get there, how to reach them, and how to say them.
My first career was as a teacher but I found I wanted to do more to help families, which is why I became a Marriage and Family Therapist. We go through many changes as an individual, as part of a couple and family, and sometimes we need help navigating those changes and making healthier new ones. I believe counseling is based on where you are in your journey, the goals you want to reach, and the things you need to say. My job is to help you figure out how to get there, how to reach them, and how to say them.
(571) 620-5748 View (571) 620-5748
Photo of Laura Valdez, Pre-Licensed Professional
Laura Valdez
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Manassas Park, VA 20111
I believe that everyone has the capacity for growth with support, encouragement, and guidance. Whether you are feeling stuck, lost, or overwhelmed with the struggles that you are facing, therapy can offer a healing space to help you create positive and meaningful change in your life. I am passionate about providing holistic, person-centered, and trauma-informed care that is tailored to each person’s individual needs. I will help you develop a deeper insight into your emotions, thoughts, and behaviors, heal from past wounds, and identify old patterns that are no longer serving you.
I believe that everyone has the capacity for growth with support, encouragement, and guidance. Whether you are feeling stuck, lost, or overwhelmed with the struggles that you are facing, therapy can offer a healing space to help you create positive and meaningful change in your life. I am passionate about providing holistic, person-centered, and trauma-informed care that is tailored to each person’s individual needs. I will help you develop a deeper insight into your emotions, thoughts, and behaviors, heal from past wounds, and identify old patterns that are no longer serving you.
(571) 240-2855 View (571) 240-2855
Photo of Dr. Tammy Denise Knoll, LCSW, PhD, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Dr. Tammy Denise Knoll
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, PhD
Verified Verified
Manassas Park, VA 20111  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Are you looking to find relief through compassionate and effective care? If you are interested in finding relief from conditions that have affected your mood, your relationships, your work, and/or your life negatively, call or email me now! Together, we can walk the path of recovery until you have reached your imagined destination. Let's work on overcoming anger, toxicity, infidelity, narcissistic abuse, addiction, self-hatred, codependency, shame, isolation, fear, neediness, grief, etc... enough is enough!
Are you looking to find relief through compassionate and effective care? If you are interested in finding relief from conditions that have affected your mood, your relationships, your work, and/or your life negatively, call or email me now! Together, we can walk the path of recovery until you have reached your imagined destination. Let's work on overcoming anger, toxicity, infidelity, narcissistic abuse, addiction, self-hatred, codependency, shame, isolation, fear, neediness, grief, etc... enough is enough!
(571) 200-3844 View (571) 200-3844
Photo of Deshia Holmes, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Deshia Holmes
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Manassas Park, VA 20111
Complacency is not always a good thing, sometimes you must be uncomfortable to be successful. We as humans need help from neutral parties to help us understand things that have been passed down generation to generation, to process the unspoken, the unknown, and many other difficult conversations we don’t want to have with people that know us. I have an interest in women issues, generational issues, families, couples, social justice, and I am sex/kink positive.
Complacency is not always a good thing, sometimes you must be uncomfortable to be successful. We as humans need help from neutral parties to help us understand things that have been passed down generation to generation, to process the unspoken, the unknown, and many other difficult conversations we don’t want to have with people that know us. I have an interest in women issues, generational issues, families, couples, social justice, and I am sex/kink positive.
(571) 200-5284 View (571) 200-5284
Photo of Toni Morato, LPC-R, MS
Toni Morato
Resident in Counseling, LPC-R, MS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Manassas Park, VA 20111
We all struggle, but not everyone has a judgment-free, safe space to be vulnerable; a place to explore and process private thoughts and feelings. Are you going through life with mental heath and emotional troubles, do you suffer silently and alone because you don’t have support or you're too ashamed to “bother” anyone? Are you having problems adjusting to life changes, suffering from anxiety and/ or depression, have unresolved trauma, have relationship issues, or simply have a desire for growth & change? Let me work with you, it's okay to ask for the help. I will hold a safe space for you.
We all struggle, but not everyone has a judgment-free, safe space to be vulnerable; a place to explore and process private thoughts and feelings. Are you going through life with mental heath and emotional troubles, do you suffer silently and alone because you don’t have support or you're too ashamed to “bother” anyone? Are you having problems adjusting to life changes, suffering from anxiety and/ or depression, have unresolved trauma, have relationship issues, or simply have a desire for growth & change? Let me work with you, it's okay to ask for the help. I will hold a safe space for you.
(540) 453-7149 View (540) 453-7149
1

See more therapy options for Manassas Park

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Manassas Park, VA

20+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Manassas Park, VA who prioritize treating:

88% Anxiety
85% Depression
85% Coping Skills
81% Self Esteem
73% Stress
73% Life Transitions
69% Relationship Issues

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% BlueCross and BlueShield
95% Anthem | Elevance
91% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Manassas Park, VA see their clients

77% In Person and Online
23% Online Only

Gender breakdown

92% Female
8% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Manassas Park?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.